Results for 'Mattias Brand'

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  1.  3
    Martin Fuchs, Antje Linkenbach, Martin Mulsow, Bernd-Christian Otto, Rahul Bjørn Parson und Jörg Rüpke, eds.: Religious Individualisation: Historical Dimensions and Comparative Perspectives, volumes 1 and 2 (Berlin: De Gruyter, 2020), xiv+1416 S., ISBN 978-3-11-058001–3 (hbk), 978-3-11-058093–8 (e-book), € 129,95. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110580853. [REVIEW]Mattias Brand - 2021 - Zeitschrift für Religionswissenschaft 29 (2):310-313.
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    Nickolas P. Roubekas: The Study of Greek and Roman Religions: Insularity and Assimilation(London: Bloomsbury Academic, 2022), xiii +173 pp., ISBN 9781350102613, £76.50. DOI: 10.5040/9781350102804. [REVIEW]Mattias Brand - 2023 - Zeitschrift für Religionswissenschaft 31 (1):123-125.
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  3. A Dynamic Solution to the Problem of Logical Omniscience.Mattias Skipper & Jens Christian Bjerring - 2019 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 48 (3):501-521.
    The traditional possible-worlds model of belief describes agents as ‘logically omniscient’ in the sense that they believe all logical consequences of what they believe, including all logical truths. This is widely considered a problem if we want to reason about the epistemic lives of non-ideal agents who—much like ordinary human beings—are logically competent, but not logically omniscient. A popular strategy for avoiding logical omniscience centers around the use of impossible worlds: worlds that, in one way or another, violate the laws (...)
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  4. A Naturalistic Argument for the Irreducibility of Collective Intentionality.Mattia Gallotti - 2012 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 42 (1):3-30.
    According to many philosophers and scientists, human sociality is explained by our unique capacity to “share” attitudes with others. The conditions under which mental states are shared have been widely debated in the past two decades, focusing especially on the issue of their reducibility to individual intentionality and the place of collective intentions in the natural realm. It is not clear, however, to what extent these two issues are related and what methodologies of investigation are appropriate in each case. In (...)
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  5. Alexy's theory of constitutional rights and the problem of judicial review.Mattias Kumm - 2012 - In Matthias Klatt (ed.), Institutionalized reason: the jurisprudence of Robert Alexy. New York: Oxford University Press.
     
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  6.  9
    Un paradosso agostiniano nella concezione del Dio-amore? Il rifiuto della similitudine familiare in De Trinitate XII.Mattia Antonio Agostinone - 2022 - Augustinianum 62 (2):397-422.
    In De Trinitate XII Augustine refuses the idea that a family could be the image of God. This is curious, because the theologian that in De Trinitate elaborates a “communitarian model” of the Trinity – the Lover, the Beloved and the Love – at the same time does not see the image of God in the first natural community, the family. The purpose of this paper is to show the deeper reasons for this refutation. After the exposition of Augustine’s argument, (...)
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    La filosofia come attualità della storia: sul concetto di storia della filosofia nell'Italia del Novecento.Mattia Cardenans - 2023 - Padova: Padova UP.
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  8.  5
    Nichilismo vs. cosmopolitismo: una storia finita?Mattia Papa & Rossella Saccoia (eds.) - 2016 - Ariccia (RM): Aracne editrice int.le S.r.l..
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  9.  9
    Generational Cages.Mattia Pozzebon - 2023 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 37 (1):107-123.
    Given the vast distances separating astronomical objects, multi-generational space travel may eventually become a practicable option in the future. Such an expedition would most likely include companion animals as well. Especially since they are deemed important in assisting humans to cope with stress and anxiety. However, just as with humans, extended periods of confinement would be detrimental to companion animals as well, resulting in psychological, physiological, and behavioural disorders. Already occurring to animals locked up in terrestrial households, it would be (...)
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  10.  50
    On Paradoxes in Normal Form.Mattia Petrolo & Paolo Pistone - 2019 - Topoi 38 (3):605-617.
    A proof-theoretic test for paradoxicality was famously proposed by Tennant: a paradox must yield a closed derivation of absurdity with no normal form. Drawing on the remark that all derivations of a given proposition can be transformed into derivations in normal form of a logically equivalent proposition, we investigate the possibility of paradoxes in normal form. We compare paradoxes à la Tennant and paradoxes in normal form from the viewpoint of the computational interpretation of proofs and from the viewpoint of (...)
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  11. The Idea of Socratic Contestation and the Right to Justification: The Point of Rights-Based Proportionality Review.Mattias Kumm - 2010 - Law and Ethics of Human Rights 4 (2):142-175.
    The institutionalization of a rights-based proportionality review shares a number of salient features and puzzles with the practice of contestation that the Socrates of the early Platonic dialogues became famous for. Understanding the point of Socratic contestation, and its role in a democratic polity, is also the key to understanding the point of proportionality based rights review. To begin with, when judges decide cases within the proportionality framework they do not primarily interpret authority. They assess reasons. Not surprisingly, they, like (...)
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  12.  16
    Plato and Nietzsche on the Ideal Soul.Mattia Riccardi - 2024 - Journal of Nietzsche Studies 55 (1):27-48.
    Nietzsche scholars have remarked on the similarities between his conception of the ideal soul and that of Plato. This article provides a systematic examination of this issue. The first part of the article demonstrates that there is in fact a substantive convergence between their views. However, this result is puzzling given that Nietzsche accuses Plato’s moral psychology of being deeply ascetic. Thus, the second part of the article focuses on this charge. Though the textual evidence provided by Plato’s dialogues remains (...)
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  13.  23
    Ethical dilemmas during cardiac arrest incidents in the patient’s home.Mattias Karlsson, Niclas Karlsson & Yvonne Hilli - 2019 - Nursing Ethics 26 (2):625-637.
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  14.  15
    When A+B < A: Cognitive Bias in Experts’ Judgment of Environmental Impact.Mattias Holmgren, Alan Kabanshi, John E. Marsh & Patrik Sörqvist - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  15. Causing Global Warming.Mattias Gunnemyr - 2019 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 22 (2):399-424.
    Do I cause global warming, climate change and their related harms when I go for a leisure drive with my gas-guzzling car? The current verdict seems to be that I do not; the emissions produced by my drive are much too insignificant to make a difference for the occurrence of global warming and its related harms. I argue that our verdict on this issue depends on what we mean by ‘causation’. If we for instance assume a simple counterfactual analysis of (...)
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  16. A logic for factive ignorance.Ekaterina Kubyshkina & Mattia Petrolo - 2019 - Synthese 198 (6):5917-5928.
    In the current debate there are two epistemological approaches to the definition of ignorance: the Standard View and the New View. The former defines ignorance simply as not knowing, while the latter defines it as the absence of true belief. One of the main differences between these two positions lies in rejecting (Standard View) or in accepting (New View) the factivity of ignorance, i.e., if an agent is ignorant of φ, then φ is true. In the present article, we first (...)
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  17.  5
    Necessità e storia: studi sul pensiero italiano contemporaneo.Mattia Cardenas - 2020 - Napoli: La scuola di Pitagora editrice.
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  18.  5
    Il potere sulla vita: etica o economia della cura?Mattia Pontarollo & Luigi Tarca (eds.) - 2017 - Milano: Mimesis.
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  19.  5
    Diderot: politica, utopia e rivoluzione.Mattia Torchia - 2021 - Pisa: Edizioni ETS.
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  20.  17
    Analysis of news sentiments using natural language processing and deep learning.Mattia Vicari & Mauro Gaspari - forthcoming - AI and Society.
    This paper investigates if and to what point it is possible to trade on news sentiment and if deep learning, given the current hype on the topic, would be a good tool to do so. DL is built explicitly for dealing with significant amounts of data and performing complex tasks where automatic learning is a necessity. Thanks to its promise to detect complex patterns in a dataset, it may be appealing to those investors that are looking to improve their trading (...)
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  21. Bayesianism for Non-ideal Agents.Mattias Skipper & Jens Christian Bjerring - 2022 - Erkenntnis 87 (1):93-115.
    Orthodox Bayesianism is a highly idealized theory of how we ought to live our epistemic lives. One of the most widely discussed idealizations is that of logical omniscience: the assumption that an agent’s degrees of belief must be probabilistically coherent to be rational. It is widely agreed that this assumption is problematic if we want to reason about bounded rationality, logical learning, or other aspects of non-ideal epistemic agency. Yet, we still lack a satisfying way to avoid logical omniscience within (...)
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  22. Hyperintensional semantics: a Fregean approach.Mattias Skipper & Jens Christian Bjerring - 2020 - Synthese 197 (8):3535-3558.
    In this paper, we present a new semantic framework designed to capture a distinctly cognitive or epistemic notion of meaning akin to Fregean senses. Traditional Carnapian intensions are too coarse-grained for this purpose: they fail to draw semantic distinctions between sentences that, from a Fregean perspective, differ in meaning. This has led some philosophers to introduce more fine-grained hyperintensions that allow us to draw semantic distinctions among co-intensional sentences. But the hyperintensional strategy has a flip-side: it risks drawing semantic distinctions (...)
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  23. The Rise of Golden Dawn: Ideology and Organization in an Industry of Private Protection in Contemporary Greece.Mattia Zulianello - 2015 - Governare la Paura. Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies 8 (1).
    In this paper I analyze a case of extreme response to need of security in the landscape of advanced democracies: the role of Golden Dawn in the management and reproduction of the profound socio-economic crisis in Greece. I argue that the keys behind the success of such a party are to be found in two distinct but self-reinforcing elements: its organizational strength and its anti-system ideology. The most significant organizational structures and activities which transformed Golden Dawn into a quasi-mafia style (...)
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  24. Can Arbitrary Beliefs be Rational?Mattias Skipper - 2023 - Episteme 20 (2):377-392.
    When a belief has been influenced, in part or whole, by factors that, by the believer's own lights, do not bear on the truth of the believed proposition, we can say that the belief has been, in a sense, arbitrarily formed. Can such beliefs ever be rational? It might seem obvious that they can't. After all, belief, supposedly, “aims at the truth.” But many epistemologists have come to think that certain kinds of arbitrary beliefs can, indeed, be rational. In this (...)
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  25.  7
    Wie wir sterben: Chancen und Grenzen einer Versöhnung mit dem Tod.Marina Brandes - 2011 - Wiesbaden: VS, Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften.
    Sigmund Freud sah die Anziehungskraft christlich-religiöser „Illusionen“ in der möglichen Aussöhnung des Menschen mit dem Tod begründet. Heute hat die moderne Industriegesellschaft die Religion jedoch weitestgehend hinter sich gelassen, die Vorstellungen von Tod und Sterben haben sich gewandelt. Marina Brandes untersucht, wie, in welchem Alter, an welchen Orten und unter welchen Umständen heute im Vergleich zu vormodernen Epochen normalerweise gestorben wird. Sie zeigt, welche Assoziationen mit dem Tod verknüpft sind und entwickelt vor dem Hintergrund der Medizinalisierung, der Institutionalisierung des Sterbens (...)
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  26. Unifying Epistemic and Practical Rationality.Mattias Skipper - 2023 - Mind 132 (525):136-157.
    Many theories of rational action are predicated on the idea that what it is rational to do in a given situation depends, in part, on what it is rational to believe in that situation. In short: they treat epistemic rationality as explanatorily prior to practical rationality. If they are right in doing so, it follows, on pain of explanatory circularity, that epistemic rationality cannot itself be a form of practical rationality. Yet, many epistemologists have defended just such a view of (...)
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  27. Social cognition in the we-mode.Mattia Gallotti & Chris D. Frith - 2013 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 17 (4):160-165.
  28.  59
    Recognition.Mattias Iser - forthcoming - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  29. Human dignity and proportionality : deontic pluralism in balancing.Mattias Kumm & Alec D. Walen - 2014 - In Grant Huscroft, Bradley W. Miller & Grégoire C. N. Webber (eds.), Proportionality and the Rule of Law: Rights, Justification, Reasoning. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.
     
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  30.  5
    Antropologi och tid.Mattias Viktorin & Charlotta Widmark (eds.) - 2013 - Stockholm: Svenska sällskapet för antropologi och geografi.
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  31. Objects in Mind.Mattia Gallotti & John Michael - 2014 - In Mattia Gallotti & John Michael (eds.), Perspectives on Social Ontology and Social Cognition. Springer.
  32. Nietzsche and Plato on Unity and Disunity of the Soul.Mattia Riccardi - manuscript
  33. Does rationality demand higher-order certainty?Mattias Skipper - 2020 - Synthese 198 (12):11561-11585.
    Should you always be certain about what you should believe? In other words, does rationality demand higher-order certainty? First answer: Yes! Higher-order uncertainty can’t be rational, since it breeds at least a mild form of epistemic akrasia. Second answer: No! Higher-order certainty can’t be rational, since it licenses a dogmatic kind of insensitivity to higher-order evidence. Which answer wins out? The first, I argue. Once we get clearer about what higher-order certainty is, a view emerges on which higher-order certainty does (...)
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  34. Reflection in communicative jazz action.Mattias Solli & Thomas Netland - 2023 - In Bengt Molander, Thomas Netland & Mattias Solli (eds.), Knowing our ways about in the world: Philosophical perspectives on practical knowledge. Scandinavian University Press. pp. 140-163.
    This chapter aims to deepen Donald Schön’s insight about jazz playing as an example of what he calls “reflection-in-action” (RiA) by situating this notion within the enactive view of humans as linguistic bodies. Our main claim is that the knowl-edge or skills displayed by expert jazz musicians must be understood as aural and communicative in nature. After presenting the notions of RiA and linguistic bodies, we develop our view through a critical discussion of four statements from Schön’s passage on jazz (...)
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  35. I pensieri di Mattia.Luigi Mattia Azzarelli - 1970 - Treviso,: Tip. Longo & Zoppelli.
     
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  36. Higher-Order Defeat and the Impossibility of Self-Misleading Evidence.Mattias Skipper - 2019 - In Mattias Skipper & Asbjørn Steglich-Petersen (eds.), Higher-Order Evidence: New Essays. Oxford, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press.
    Evidentialism is the thesis, roughly, that one’s beliefs should fit one’s evidence. The enkratic principle is the thesis, roughly, that one’s beliefs should "line up" with one’s beliefs about which beliefs one ought to have. While both theses have seemed attractive to many, they jointly entail the controversial thesis that self-misleading evidence is impossible. That is to say, if evidentialism and the enkratic principle are both true, one’s evidence cannot support certain false beliefs about which beliefs one’s evidence supports. Recently, (...)
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  37. Higher-Order Evidence: New Essays.Mattias Skipper & Asbjørn Steglich-Petersen (eds.) - 2019 - Oxford, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press.
    We often have reason to doubt our own ability to form rational beliefs, or to doubt that some particular belief of ours is rational. Perhaps we learn that a trusted friend disagrees with us about what our shared evidence supports. Or perhaps we learn that our beliefs have been afflicted by motivated reasoning or other cognitive biases. These are examples of higher-order evidence. While it may seem plausible that higher-order evidence should impact our beliefs, it is less clear how and (...)
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  38. Belief gambles in epistemic decision theory.Mattias Skipper - 2021 - Philosophical Studies 178 (2):407-426.
    Don’t form beliefs on the basis of coin flips or random guesses. More generally, don’t take belief gambles: if a proposition is no more likely to be true than false given your total body of evidence, don’t go ahead and believe that proposition. Few would deny this seemingly innocuous piece of epistemic advice. But what, exactly, is wrong with taking belief gambles? Philosophers have debated versions of this question at least since the classic dispute between William Clifford and William James (...)
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  39.  17
    Learning Jazz Language by Aural Imitation: A Usage-Based Communicative Jazz Theory.Mattias Solli, Erling Aksdal & John Pål Inderberg - 2022 - Journal of Aesthetic Education 56 (1):94-123.
    How can imitation lead to free musical expression? This article explores the role of auditory imitation in jazz. Even though many renowned jazz musicians have assessed the method of imitating recorded music, no systematic study has hitherto explored how the method prepares for aural jazz improvisation. The article uses Berliner's assumption that learning jazz by aural imitation is “just like” learning a mother tongue. The article studies three potential stages in the method, comparing them to the imitative, rhythmic, multimodal, and (...)
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  40. Good guesses as accuracy-specificity tradeoffs.Mattias Skipper - 2023 - Philosophical Studies 180 (7):2025-2050.
    Guessing is a familiar activity, one we engage in when we are uncertain of the answer to a question under discussion. It is also an activity that lends itself to normative evaluation: some guesses are better than others. The question that interests me here is what makes for a good guess. In recent work, Dorst and Mandelkern have argued that good guesses are distinguished from bad ones by how well they optimize a tradeoff between accuracy and specificity. Here I argue (...)
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  41.  42
    Dependent Arising, Non-arising, and the Mind: MMK1 and the Abhidharma.Mattia Salvini - 2014 - Journal of Indian Philosophy 42 (4):471-497.
    The first Chapter of Nāgārjuna’s Mūlamadhyamakakārikā offers a critique of causation that includes the Abhidharmic category of the ‘four conditions’. Following the South-Asian commentarial tradition, this article discusses the precise relationship between Madhyamaka philosophy and its fundamental Abhidharmic background. What comes to light is a more precise assessment of Madhyamaka ideas about viable conventions, understood as the process of dependent arising. Since this is primarily in the sense of conceptual dependence, it involves sentiency as a necessary causal element, and the (...)
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  42.  3
    Martha Nussbaum: la fioritura delle capacità.Mattia Baglieri - 2022 - Milano, Italy: FrancoAngeli.
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  43.  11
    Film criticism in the digital age.Mattias Frey & Cecilia Sayad (eds.) - 2015 - New Brunswick, New Jersey: Rutgers University Press.
    Now that well-paying jobs in film criticism have largely evaporated, while blogs, message boards, and social media have given new meaning to the saying that "everyone's a critic," urgent questions have emerged about the critic's status and purpose. In Film Criticism in the Digital Age, ten scholars from across the globe, as well as critics and bloggers, come together to consider whether we are witnessing the extinction of serious film criticism or seeing the seeds of its rebirth in a new (...)
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  44.  5
    L'erede che ride: parodia ed etica della consumazione in Max Stirner.Mattia Luigi Pozzi - 2014 - Milano: Mimesis.
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  45.  2
    La sindrome di Siracusa.Mattia Sisti - 2015 - Ariccia (RM): Aracne editrice int.le S.r.l..
  46. Higher-Order Evidence and the Normativity of Logic.Mattias Skipper - forthcoming - In Scott Stapleford, Kevin McCain & Matthias Steup (eds.), Epistemic Dilemmas: New Arguments, New Angles. Routledge.
    Many theories of rational belief give a special place to logic. They say that an ideally rational agent would never be uncertain about logical facts. In short: they say that ideal rationality requires "logical omniscience." Here I argue against the view that ideal rationality requires logical omniscience on the grounds that the requirement of logical omniscience can come into conflict with the requirement to proportion one’s beliefs to the evidence. I proceed in two steps. First, I rehearse an influential line (...)
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  47.  37
    Learning Jazz Language by Aural Imitation: A Usage-Based Communicative Jazz Theory.Mattias Solli, Erling Aksdal & John Pål Inderberg - 2021 - Journal of Aesthetic Education 55 (4):82-122.
    How can imitation lead to free musical expression? This article explores the role of auditory imitation in jazz. Even though many renowned jazz musicians have assessed the method of imitating recorded music, no systematic study has hitherto explored how the method prepares for aural jazz improvisation. The article picks up an assumption presented by Berliner (1994), suggesting that learning jazz by aural imitation is “just like” learning a mother tongue. The article studies three potential stages in the method, comparing with (...)
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  48.  24
    On the Generalization of Habituation: How Discrete Biological Systems Respond to Repetitive Stimuli.Mattia Bonzanni, Nicolas Rouleau, Michael Levin & David Lee Kaplan - 2019 - Bioessays 41 (7):1900028.
    Habituation, a form of non‐associative learning, isno longer studied exclusively within the fields of psychology and neuroscience. Indeed, the same stimulus–response pattern is observed at the molecular, cellular, and organismal scales and is not dependent upon the presence of neurons. Hence, a more inclusive theory is required to accommodate aneural forms of habituation. Here an abstraction of the habituation process that does not rely upon particular biological pathways or substrates is presented. Instead, five generalizable elements that define the habituation process (...)
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  49.  10
    Efficiency in Organism-Environment Information Exchanges: A Semantic Hierarchy of Logical Types Based on the Trial-and-Error Strategy Behind the Emergence of Knowledge.Mattia Berera - forthcoming - Biosemiotics:1-30.
    Based on Kolchinsky and Wolpert’s work on the semantics of autonomous agents, I propose an application of Mathematical Logic and Probability to model cognitive processes. In this work, I will follow Bateson’s insights on the hierarchy of learning in complex organisms and formalize his idea of applying Russell’s Type Theory. Following Weaver’s three levels for the communication problem, I link the Kolchinsky–Wolpert model to Bateson’s insights, and I reach a semantic and conceptual hierarchy in living systems as an explicative model (...)
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  50. Reconciling Enkrasia and Higher-Order Defeat.Mattias Skipper - 2019 - Erkenntnis 84 (6):1369-1386.
    Titelbaum Oxford studies in epistemology, 2015) has recently argued that the Enkratic Principle is incompatible with the view that rational belief is sensitive to higher-order defeat. That is to say, if it cannot be rational to have akratic beliefs of the form “p, but I shouldn’t believe that p,” then rational beliefs cannot be defeated by higher-order evidence, which indicates that they are irrational. In this paper, I distinguish two ways of understanding Titelbaum’s argument, and argue that neither version is (...)
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