Results for 'Jan Aerts'

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  1.  57
    The generalised liar paradox: A quantum model and interpretation. [REVIEW]Jan Broekaert, Diederik Aerts & Bart D’Hooghe - 2006 - Foundations of Science 11 (4):399-418.
    The formalism of abstracted quantum mechanics is applied in a model of the generalized Liar Paradox. Here, the Liar Paradox, a consistently testable configuration of logical truth properties, is considered a dynamic conceptual entity in the cognitive sphere (Aerts, Broekaert, & Smets, [Foundations of Science 1999, 4, 115–132; International Journal of Theoretical Physics, 2000, 38, 3231–3239]; Aerts and colleagues[Dialogue in Psychology, 1999, 10; Proceedings of Fundamental Approachs to Consciousness, Tokyo ’99; Mind in Interaction]. Basically, the intrinsic contextuality of (...)
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  2. The Violation of Bell Inequalities in the Macroworld.Diederik Aerts, Sven Aerts, Jan Broekaert & Liane Gabora - 2000 - Foundations of Physics 30 (9):1387-1414.
    We show that Bell inequalities can be violated in the macroscopic world. The macroworld violation is illustrated using an example involving connected vessels of water. We show that whether the violation of inequalities occurs in the microworld or the macroworld, it is the identification of nonidentical events that plays a crucial role. Specifically, we prove that if nonidentical events are consistently differentiated, Bell-type Pitowsky inequalities are no longer violated, even for Bohm's example of two entangled spin 1/2 quantum particles. We (...)
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  3.  29
    Quantum structure and human thought.Diederik Aerts, Jan Broekaert, Liane Gabora & Sandro Sozzo - 2013 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (3):274-276.
    We support the authors' claims, except that we point out that also quantum structure different from quantum probability abundantly plays a role in human cognition. We put forward several elements to illustrate our point, mentioning entanglement, contextuality, interference, and emergence as effects, and states, observables, complex numbers, and Fock space as specific mathematical structures.
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  4. The liar-paradox in a quantum mechanical perspective.Diederik Aerts, Jan Broekaert & Sonja Smets - 1999 - Foundations of Science 4 (2):115-132.
    In this paper we concentrate on the nature of the liar paradox asa cognitive entity; a consistently testable configuration of properties. We elaborate further on a quantum mechanical model (Aerts, Broekaert and Smets, 1999) that has been proposed to analyze the dynamics involved, and we focus on the interpretation and concomitant philosophical picture. Some conclusions we draw from our model favor an effective realistic interpretation of cognitive reality.
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  5.  51
    Generalizing Prototype Theory: A Formal Quantum Framework.Diederik Aerts, Jan Broekaert, Liane Gabora & Sandro Sozzo - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
  6.  18
    Editorial: Quantum Structures in Cognitive and Social Science.Diederik Aerts, Jan Broekaert, Liane Gabora & Sandro Sozzo - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
  7.  15
    Einstein meets Magritte: an interdisciplinary reflection: the white book of "Einstein meets Magritte".Diederik Aerts, Jan Broekaert & Ernest Mathijs (eds.) - 1999 - Boston: Kluwer Academic.
    Einstein Meets Magritte: An Interdisciplinary Reflection presents insights of the renowned key speakers of the interdisciplinary Einstein meets Magritte conference (1995, Brussels Free University). The contributions elaborate on fundamental questions of science, with regard to the contemporary world, and push beyond the borders of traditional approaches. All of the articles in this volume address this fundamental theme, but somewhere along the road the volume expanded to become much more than a mere expression of the conference's dynamics. The articles not only (...)
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  8. Inconsistencies in constituent theories of world views: Quantum mechanical examples. [REVIEW]Diederik Aerts, Jan Broekaert & Sonja Smets - 1998 - Foundations of Science 3 (2):313-340.
    We put forward the hypothesis that there exist three basic attitudes towards inconsistencies within world views: (1) The inconsistency is tolerated temporarily and is viewed as an expression of a temporary lack of knowledge due to an incomplete or wrong theory. The resolution of the inconsistency is believed to be inherent to the improvement of the theory. This improvement ultimately resolves the contradiction and therefore we call this attitude the ‘regularising’ attitude; (2) The inconsistency is tolerated and both contradicting elements (...)
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  9.  41
    Editorial: Formal and informal representations of science. [REVIEW]Diederik Aerts, Jan Broekaert & Liane Gabora - 1999 - Foundations of Science 4 (1):1-2.
  10. Promoting coherent minimum reporting guidelines for biological and biomedical investigations: the MIBBI project.Chris F. Taylor, Dawn Field, Susanna-Assunta Sansone, Jan Aerts, Rolf Apweiler, Michael Ashburner, Catherine A. Ball, Pierre-Alain Binz, Molly Bogue, Tim Booth, Alvis Brazma, Ryan R. Brinkman, Adam Michael Clark, Eric W. Deutsch, Oliver Fiehn, Jennifer Fostel, Peter Ghazal, Frank Gibson, Tanya Gray, Graeme Grimes, John M. Hancock, Nigel W. Hardy, Henning Hermjakob, Randall K. Julian, Matthew Kane, Carsten Kettner, Christopher Kinsinger, Eugene Kolker, Martin Kuiper, Nicolas Le Novere, Jim Leebens-Mack, Suzanna E. Lewis, Phillip Lord, Ann-Marie Mallon, Nishanth Marthandan, Hiroshi Masuya, Ruth McNally, Alexander Mehrle, Norman Morrison, Sandra Orchard, John Quackenbush, James M. Reecy, Donald G. Robertson, Philippe Rocca-Serra, Henry Rodriguez, Heiko Rosenfelder, Javier Santoyo-Lopez, Richard H. Scheuermann, Daniel Schober, Barry Smith & Jason Snape - 2008 - Nature Biotechnology 26 (8):889-896.
    Throughout the biological and biomedical sciences there is a growing need for, prescriptive ‘minimum information’ (MI) checklists specifying the key information to include when reporting experimental results are beginning to find favor with experimentalists, analysts, publishers and funders alike. Such checklists aim to ensure that methods, data, analyses and results are described to a level sufficient to support the unambiguous interpretation, sophisticated search, reanalysis and experimental corroboration and reuse of data sets, facilitating the extraction of maximum value from data sets (...)
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  11. Diederik aerts, Jan broekaert and Sonja Smets.Lorenzo Magnani - 1999 - Foundations of Science 4:507-509.
  12. Probing the Meaning and Structure of Quantum Mechanics: Semantics, Dynamics and Identity.Diederik Aerts, Christian de Ronde, Hector Freytes & Roberto Giuntini (eds.) - 2016 - World Scientific.
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  13. Probing the Meaning and Structure of Quantum Mechanics.D. Aerts, J. Arenhart, C. De Ronde & G. Sergioli (eds.) - forthcoming
  14. Rec av Jan Bengtsson: Fenomenologi från Husserl till Merleau-Ponty.Jan Sjunnesson - 1989 - Norsk Filosofisk Tidsskrift 10 (4):43.
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  15.  29
    The Heart of an Image: Quantum Superposition and Entanglement in Visual Perception.Jonito Aerts Arguëlles - 2018 - Foundations of Science 23 (4):757-778.
    We analyse the way in which the principle that ‘the whole is greater than the sum of its parts’ manifests itself with phenomena of visual perception. For this investigation we use insights and techniques coming from quantum cognition, and more specifically we are inspired by the correspondence of this principle with the phenomenon of the conjunction effect in human cognition. We identify entities of meaning within artefacts of visual perception and rely on how such entities are modelled for corpuses of (...)
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  16.  64
    Jan Patočka a Kosíkova Dialektika konkrétního.Jan Zouhar - 2009 - Studia Philosophica: Jahrbuch Der Schweizerischen Philosoph Ischen Gesellschaft, Annuaire de la Société Suisse de Philosphie 56 (1):69-73.
  17.  9
    Jan Milič Lochman.Jan Milič Lochman - 2021 - Zeitschrift Für Evangelische Ethik 65 (3):234-237.
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  18.  13
    Jan-R. Sieckmann. Konzeptionen des Rechts (Literaturbericht).Jan-R. Sieckmann - 2006 - Archiv für Rechts- und Sozialphilosophie 92 (4):587-593.
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  19.  13
    Jan-R. Sieckmann. Probleme der juristischen Methodenlehre (Literaturbericht).Jan-R. Sieckmann - 2007 - Archiv für Rechts- und Sozialphilosophie 93 (1):121-127.
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  20.  13
    Jan-R. Sieckmann. Prinzipien, Werte und Abwägungen II (Literaturbericht).Jan-R. Sieckmann - 2008 - Archiv für Rechts- und Sozialphilosophie 94 (1):137-143.
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  21.  41
    An ethical argument in favor of nano-enabled diagnostics in livestock disease control.Johan Evers, Stefan Aerts & Johan De Tavernier - 2008 - NanoEthics 2 (2):163-178.
    Livestock production has been confronted with several epidemics over the last decades. The morality of common animal disease strategies—stamping out and vaccination—is being debated and provokes controversies among farmers, authorities and the broader public. Given the complexity and controversy of choosing an appropriate control strategy, this article explores the potential of nano-enabled diagnostics in future livestock production. At first glance, these applications offer promising opportunities for better animal disease surveillance. By significantly shortening the reaction time from diagnosis to appropriate control, (...)
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  22.  3
    The role of meta-analysis and preregistration in assessing the evidence for cleansing effects.Robert M. Ross, Robbie C. M. van Aert, Olmo R. van den Akker & Michiel van Elk - 2021 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 44.
    Lee and Schwarz interpret meta-analytic research and replication studies as providing evidence for the robustness of cleansing effects. We argue that the currently available evidence is unconvincing because publication bias and the opportunistic use of researcher degrees of freedom appear to have inflated meta-analytic effect size estimates, and preregistered replications failed to find any evidence of cleansing effects.
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  23.  9
    Jan-R. Sieckmann: Argumentation und Abwägung (Literaturbericht).Jan-R. Sieckmann - 2006 - Archiv für Rechts- und Sozialphilosophie 92 (3):431-437.
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  24.  8
    Jan-R. Sieckmann (Bamberg): Sprachphilosophie und juristische Interpretation (Literaturbericht).Jan-R. Sieckmann - 2005 - Archiv für Rechts- und Sozialphilosophie 91 (1):114-120.
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  25.  8
    Jan-R. Sieckmann (Bamberg): Recht und Objektivität (Literaturbericht).Jan-R. Sieckmann - 2005 - Archiv für Rechts- und Sozialphilosophie 91 (2):284-290.
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  26.  11
    Jan-R. Sieckmann (Bamberg): Staatstheorie (Literaturbericht).Jan-R. Sieckmann - 2005 - Archiv für Rechts- und Sozialphilosophie 91 (3):429-435.
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  27.  8
    Jan-R. Sieckmann (Bamberg) Literaturbericht: Deontische Logik und juristische Argumentation (Literaturbericht).Jan-R. Sieckmann - 2008 - Archiv für Rechts- und Sozialphilosophie 94 (4):531-536.
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  28.  8
    Jan-R. Sieckmann: Konflikte in Recht und Moral (Literaturbericht).Jan-R. Sieckmann - 2006 - Archiv für Rechts- und Sozialphilosophie 92 (2):270-276.
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  29.  7
    Jan-R. Sieckmann. Prinzipien, Were und Abwägungen I (Literaturbericht).Jan-R. Sieckmann - 2007 - Archiv für Rechts- und Sozialphilosophie 93 (4):570-575.
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  30.  7
    Jan-R. Sieckmann: Recht, Sprache und Erkenntnis (Literaturbericht).Jan-R. Sieckmann - 2005 - Archiv für Rechts- und Sozialphilosophie 91 (4):580-586.
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  31.  9
    Jan-R. Sieckmann: Richter, Rechtserkenntnis und Demokratie (Literaturbericht).Jan-R. Sieckmann - 2006 - Archiv für Rechts- und Sozialphilosophie 92 (1):118-124.
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  32.  8
    Jan-R. Sieckmann. Rechtsphilosophen in der Diskussion I (Literaturbericht).Jan-R. Sieckmann - 2007 - Archiv für Rechts- und Sozialphilosophie 93 (2):264-269.
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  33.  10
    Jan-R. Sieckmann. Rechtsphilosophen in der Diskussion II (Literaturbericht).Jan-R. Sieckmann - 2007 - Archiv für Rechts- und Sozialphilosophie 93 (3):430-434.
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  34.  9
    Jan-R. Sieckmann. Rechtliches Wissen und Rechtswissenschaft (Literaturbericht).Jan-R. Sieckmann - 2008 - Archiv für Rechts- und Sozialphilosophie 94 (2):257-263.
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  35.  97
    Contextualizing concepts using a mathematical generalization of the quantum formalism.Liane Gabora & Diederik Aerts - 2002 - Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Artificial Intelligence 14 (4):327-358.
    We outline the rationale and preliminary results of using the State Context Property (SCOP) formalism, originally developed as a generalization of quantum mechanics, to describe the contextual manner in which concepts are evoked, used, and combined to generate meaning. The quantum formalism was developed to cope with problems arising in the description of (1) the measurement process, and (2) the generation of new states with new properties when particles become entangled. Similar problems arising with concepts motivated the formal treatment introduced (...)
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  36. Jan Patočka - Briefe an Krzysztof Michalski.Jan Patočka - 2007 - Studia Phaenomenologica 7:99-161.
    Presented here is the German translation of Jan Patočka’s fragment Nitro a svět which was written in the 1940s and belongs to the so called „Strahov Papers“. The fragment reflects Patočka’s early attempts towards a thinking of subjectivity and the world. Thereby Patočka’s approach is phenomenological, but also integrates motives of German Idealism. The critical impact of the fragment lies in its orientation against the scientific biologism of its times.
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  37.  9
    History and Ethics of Keeping Pets: Comparison with Farm Animals.Stuart Spencer, Eddy Decuypere, Stefan Aerts & Johan Tavernier - 2006 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 19 (1):17-25.
    Perhaps the commonest reasons for the keeping of pets are companionship and as a conduit for affection. Pets are, therefore, being “used” for human ends in much the same way as laboratory or farm animals. So shouldn’t the same arguments apply to the use of pets as to those used in other ways? In accepting the “rights” of farm animals to fully express their natural behavior, one must also accept the “right” of pets to express their intrinsic natural behavior. Dogs (...)
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  38.  6
    Profesor Jan Legowicz-filozof i nauczyciel: materiały pokonferencyjne, przygotowane pod redakcją Czesława Głombika.Jan Legowicz & Czesław Głombik (eds.) - 2001 - Katowice: Gnome.
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  39. Concepts and Their Dynamics: A Quantum‐Theoretic Modeling of Human Thought.Diederik Aerts, Liane Gabora & Sandro Sozzo - 2013 - Topics in Cognitive Science 5 (4):737-772.
    We analyze different aspects of our quantum modeling approach of human concepts and, more specifically, focus on the quantum effects of contextuality, interference, entanglement, and emergence, illustrating how each of them makes its appearance in specific situations of the dynamics of human concepts and their combinations. We point out the relation of our approach, which is based on an ontology of a concept as an entity in a state changing under influence of a context, with the main traditional concept theories, (...)
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  40.  24
    Quantum Structure in Cognition: Human Language as a Boson Gas of Entangled Words.Diederik Aerts & Lester Beltran - 2020 - Foundations of Science 25 (3):755-802.
    We model a piece of text of human language telling a story by means of the quantum structure describing a Bose gas in a state close to a Bose–Einstein condensate near absolute zero temperature. For this we introduce energy levels for the words (concepts) used in the story and we also introduce the new notion of ‘cogniton’ as the quantum of human thought. Words (concepts) are then cognitons in different energy states as it is the case for photons in different (...)
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  41. Curriculum vitae of Jan Lukasiewicz.Jan Lukasiewicz - 1994 - Metalogicon 2:133-137.
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  42.  5
    The Pansophia of Jan Amos Comenius with regard to his concept of nature.Jan Čížek - 2014 - Acta Comeniana 28:51-93.
    This study deals with the concept of natura as it is presented in Comenius’s Pansophia. Since Comenius’s concept of nature is inseparable from his anthropological views, the paper discusses also his anthropology. Man is considered here an integral part of the material world which, however, through his immortal mind and its three infinite components surpasses the material world and rises above it. Man, especially in his limitlessness and freedom of human will, resembles God. The human individual thus becomes not only (...)
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  43.  50
    Contextualizing concepts.Liane Gabora & Diederik Aerts - unknown
    To cope with problems arising in the description of (1) contextual interactions, and (2) the generation of new states with new properties when quantum entities become entangled, the mathematics of quantum mechanics was developed. Similar problems arise with concepts. We use a generalization of standard quantum mechanics, the mathematical lattice theoretic formalism, to develop a formal description of the contextual manner in which concepts are evoked, used, and combined to generate meaning.
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  44.  39
    Zerstreuung, Verschliessung, Hingabe. Zur Figur des Transzendierens bei Jan Patočka.Jan Frei - 2017 - Labyrinth: An International Journal for Philosophy, Value Theory and Sociocultural Hermeneutics 19 (1):48-70.
    To get distracted, to enclose and to give oneself. The Gesture of Transcendence in Jan Patočka The problem of transcendence can be traced throughout the whole work of Jan Patočka. The appeal to transcend our bonds to mere objectivity is a constant issue of his thought. It finds a new substantiation in the 1960s in his studies focusing on the meaning of the other as human being. The relation to the other person offers a special "occasion" or "place" of transcendence (...)
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  45.  15
    Quantum Structure in Cognition: Human Language as a Boson Gas of Entangled Words.Diederik Aerts & Lester Beltran - 2020 - Foundations of Science 25 (3):755-802.
    We model a piece of text of human language telling a story by means of the quantum structure describing a Bose gas in a state close to a Bose–Einstein condensate near absolute zero temperature. For this we introduce energy levels for the words used in the story and we also introduce the new notion of ‘cogniton’ as the quantum of human thought. Words are then cognitons in different energy states as it is the case for photons in different energy states, (...)
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  46. Biomedical Signal Processing--Time Series Analysis-The Use of Multivariate Autoregressive Modelling for Analyzing Dynamical Physiological Responses of Individual Critically Ill Patients.Kristien Van Aerts Loon, Geert Berghe Meyfroidt & Daniel Berckmans - 2006 - In O. Stock & M. Schaerf (eds.), Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer Verlag. pp. 285-297.
  47.  61
    The globe of globalization.Pieter Meurs, Nicole Note & Diederik Aerts - 2011 - Kritike 5 (2):10-25.
    The starting question in this article is: what does globalization mean philosophically? What matters for this article, is not inasmuch the content of the politico-moral claims or the ideological scope of worldviews as described by sociological and political sciences in the process of globalization, but rather a philosophical horizon that exceeds everyday political reality. This stems from a point of view that the debate on globalization and its alternatives is still too often protruded by ideological and idealist arguments. This article (...)
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  48.  27
    Direct electrophysiological registration of phonological and semantic perception in the human subthalamic nucleus.De Letter Miet, Aerts Annelies, Vanhoutte Sarah, Van Borsel John, Raedt Robrecht, De Taeye Leen, Van Mierlo Pieter, Boon Paul, Van Roost Dirk & Santens Patrick - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  49.  13
    Jan Strzelecki's Disputes with Socialism.Jan Szczepański - 1995 - Dialogue and Universalism 5 (11):77-81.
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  50. Jan Hempel: idee i wartości.Jan Szmyd - 1975 - Warszawa: Książka i Wiedza.
     
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