Results for 'Irina Crumpe'

548 found
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  1.  16
    New Mathematical and Theoretical Foundation in Human Brain Research. An interdisciplinarity approach in a transdisciplinary world.Ioana Grecu, Lucian Negură, Irina Crumpe, Maricel Agop, Alina Gavriluț & Gabriel Crumpei - 2014 - Human and Social Studies 3 (1):45-58.
    From the theoretical discussions, transdisciplinarity starts to have practical consequences in the development of programs that include consortia of universities, bringing together a large variety of professionnals who set ambitious goals, such as the Human Genome Project in the past decade, and also the Human Brain Project for this decade. We intend to present an approach in the spirit of the new paradigms of knowledge in the Human Brain Project generous program started earlier this year in Europe. A possible transdisciplinary (...)
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  2.  45
    Context-specific learning and control: The roles of awareness, task relevance, and relative salience.Matthew J. C. Crump, Joaquín M. M. Vaquero & Bruce Milliken - 2008 - Consciousness and Cognition 17 (1):22-36.
    The processes mediating dynamic and flexible responding to rapidly changing task-environments are not well understood. In the present research we employ a Stroop procedure to clarify the contribution of context-sensitive control processes to online performance. In prior work Stroop interference varied as a function of probe location context, with larger Stroop interference occurring for contexts associated with a high proportion of congruent items [Crump, M. J., Gong, Z., & Milliken, B. . The context-specific proportion congruent stroop effect: location as a (...)
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  3.  6
    Rossievedenie: v poiskakh utrachennogo vremeni.Irina Glebova (ed.) - 2019 - Moskva: Institut nauchnoĭ informat︠s︡ii po obshchestvennym naukam (INION RAN).
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  4. V mire nauchnoĭ intuit︠s︡ii: Intuit︠s︡ii︠a︡ i razum.V. R. Irina-Kogan - 1978 - Moskva: Nauka. Edited by A. A. Novikov.
     
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  5.  20
    Education in the Continuous Present.Stephen Crump - 2001 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 33 (3-4):279-292.
  6.  8
    Teoremi, analogii︠a︡, evristika.Irina Vutova - 2020 - Sofii︠a︡: Universitetsko izdatelstvo "Sv. Kliment Okhridski".
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  7. The emergence of animal protection in Russia.Irina Novozhilova - 2013 - In Andrew Linzey & Desmond Tutu (eds.), The global guide to animal protection. Urbana, Illinois: University of Illinois Press.
     
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  8.  80
    Достоевский: размышляя о парадоксах гуманизма.Irina Deretić - 1982 - In С.А Мартьянова, К.С Соколов, Н.К Гаврилова, И.А Костылева & А.П Склизкова (eds.), Художественная литература и философия: контексты и взаимодействия. pp. 26-31.
  9.  75
    A critique of the principle of cognitive simplicity in comparative cognition.Irina Meketa - 2014 - Biology and Philosophy 29 (5):731-745.
    A widespread assumption in experimental comparative cognition is that, barring compelling evidence to the contrary, the default hypothesis should postulate the simplest cognitive ontology consistent with the animal’s behavior. I call this assumption the principle of cognitive simplicity . In this essay, I show that PoCS is pervasive but unjustified: a blanket preference for the simplest cognitive ontology is not justified by any of the available arguments. Moreover, without a clear sense of how cognitive ontologies are to be carved up (...)
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  10.  30
    A Model‐Based Approach to the Wisdom of the Crowd in Category Learning.Irina Danileiko & Michael D. Lee - 2018 - Cognitive Science 42 (S3):861-883.
    We apply the “wisdom of the crowd” idea to human category learning, using a simple approach that combines people's categorization decisions by taking the majority decision. We first show that the aggregated crowd category learning behavior found by this method performs well, learning categories more quickly than most or all individuals for 28 previously collected datasets. We then extend the approach so that it does not require people to categorize every stimulus. We do this using a model‐based method that predicts (...)
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  11.  47
    Aesthetic Preferences in Mathematics: A Case Study†.Irina Starikova - 2018 - Philosophia Mathematica 26 (2):161-183.
    Although mathematicians often use it, mathematical beauty is a philosophically challenging concept. How can abstract objects be evaluated as beautiful? Is this related to their visualisations? Using an example from graph theory, this paper argues that, in making aesthetic judgements, mathematicians may be responding to a combination of perceptual properties of visual representations and mathematical properties of abstract structures; the latter seem to carry greater weight. Mathematical beauty thus primarily involves mathematicians’ sensitivity to aesthetics of the abstract.
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  12. Hindu and Buddhist Ideas in Dialogue: Self and No-Self.Irina Kuznetsova, Jonardon Ganeri & Chakravarthi Ram-Prasad (eds.) - 2012 - Surrey, England: Ashgate.
    The debates between various Buddhist and Hindu philosophical systems about the existence, definition and nature of self, occupy a central place in the history of Indian philosophy and religion.
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  13.  66
    Iz Platonove filozofije.Irina Deretić - 2010 - Beograd: Plato.
    Kako je moguće baviti se Platonom danas, ukoliko je filozofija „svoje vreme obuhvaćeno mislima“? Autor Platonovom delu ne pristupa kao dogmatskom štivu, već kao tekstu prožetom paradoksima, koje izmiče svakom unapred pripremljenom, šematizovanom modelu čitanja. Obratiti se Platonu kao filozofskoj paradigmi isplativo je ukoliko filozofi koji progovaraju iz dubine vremena mogu nešto važno da nam saopšte i ukoliko smo kadri da im postavimo autentično pitanje. Zato filozofi moraju imati dah delfskog ronioca, jer biser se ne nalazi u svakoj školjci. Knjiga (...)
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  14. Историја српске филозофије II, прилози истраживању.Irina Deretić (ed.) - 2012
     
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  15. Историја српске филозофије III, прилози истраживању.Irina Deretić (ed.) - 2014
     
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  16. Историја српске филозофије I, прилози истраживању.Irina Deretić (ed.) - 2011
     
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  17.  31
    When Empathic Concern and Perspective Taking Matter for Ethical Judgment: The Role of Time Hurriedness.Irina Cojuharenco & Francesco Sguera - 2015 - Journal of Business Ethics 130 (3):717-725.
    Based on a dual process view of ethical judgment, we examine the role of empathic concern and perspective taking on the acceptability of lying to protect the company. We hypothesize that these traits will matter to a different extent under conditions of high and low perceived time hurriedness. Our research hypotheses are tested in a survey of 134 US workers. Results show that empathic concern reduces the acceptability of lying to protect the company for individuals who tend to do things (...)
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  18.  55
    Self-Construal and Unethical Behavior.Irina Cojuharenco, Garriy Shteynberg, Michele Gelfand & Marshall Schminke - 2012 - Journal of Business Ethics 109 (4):447-461.
    We suggest that understanding unethical behavior in organizations involves understanding how people view themselves and their relationships with others, a concept known as self-construal. Across multiple studies, employing both field and laboratory settings, we examine the impact of three dimensions of self-construal (independent, relational, and collective) on unethical behavior. Our results show that higher levels of relational self-construal relate negatively to unethical behavior. We also find that differences in levels of relational self for men and women mediate gender differences in (...)
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  19.  27
    Inhibitory Control and L2 Proficiency Modulate Bilingual Language Production: Evidence from Spontaneous Monologue and Dialogue Speech.Irina Pivneva, Caroline Palmer & Debra Titone - 2012 - Frontiers in Psychology 3.
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  20.  3
    Soldiers of the Invisible Front: How Ukrainian Therapists Are Fighting for the Mental Health of the Nation Under Fire.Irina Deyneka & Eva Regel - 2023 - Narrative Inquiry in Bioethics 13 (3):4-5.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:Soldiers of the Invisible Front: How Ukrainian Therapists Are Fighting for the Mental Health of the Nation Under FireIrina Deyneka and Eva RegelIrina DeynekaWhen the Russian army attacked my country, I became a volunteer for a hotline offering psychological support to those in crisis; refugees, those who were under the shelling, those who were hiding in bomb shelters, and who were directly in the zone of fighting. People were (...)
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  21.  42
    Quantitative content analysis as a method for business ethics research.Irina Lock & Peter Seele - 2015 - Business Ethics: A European Review 24 (4):S24-S40.
    The aim of this article is to discuss quantitative content analysis as established in communication sciences as a method for research in business ethics. We argue that communication sciences and business ethics are neighboring disciplines, which allow the transfer of quantitative content analysis from communication sciences to business ethics. Technically, quantitative content analysis can be applied through human as well as software coding. Examples for both applications are provided and discussed. We make reference to the software solutions ‘Leximancer’, ‘Crawdad’, and (...)
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  22. Minds without spines: evolutionarily inclusive animal ethics.Irina Mikhalevich - 2020 - Animal Sentience 29 (1).
    Invertebrate animals are frequently lumped into a single category and denied welfare protections despite their considerable cognitive, behavioral, and evolutionary diversity. Some ethical and policy inroads have been made for cephalopod molluscs and crustaceans, but the vast majority of arthropods, including the insects, remain excluded from moral consideration. We argue that this exclusion is unwarranted given the existing evidence. Anachronistic readings of evolution, which view invertebrates as lower in the scala naturae, continue to influence public policy and common morality. The (...)
     
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  23.  16
    An Exercise in a Transdisciplinary Approach for New Knowledge Paradigms.Irina Crumpei, Alina Gavriluţ, Maricel Agop & Gabriel Crumpei - 2014 - Human and Social Studies 3 (3):114-143.
    In this paper, we aim at an exercise that is transdisciplinary, involving science and religion, and interdisciplinary, involving disciplines and theories which appeared in the second half of the 20th century. The latter required the reformulation of quantum mechanics theories starting with the beginning of the century, based on the substance-energy-information triangle. We focus on information and we also attempt a transdisciplinary approach to the imaginary from a psychological - physical - mathematical perspective, but the religious perspectives find their place (...)
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  24.  4
    Faire l'art: analyser les processus de création artistique.Irina Kirchberg & Alexandre Robert (eds.) - 2014 - Paris: L'Harmattan.
    Partir à la rencontre d'artisans ou observer des plasticiens contemporains à l'oeuvre ; enquêter au sein d'écoles d'art, interviewer des compositeurs et auteurs ; se plonger dans les partitions du XVIIème siècle, étudier les fonds d'archives «rock» de la Bibliothèque Nationale de France ; ou encore écumer les rayonnages «rap» d'une discothèque : comment les chercheurs en sciences sociales peuvent-ils appréhender la création artistique?
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  25. Separating Conscious and Unconscious Perception in Animals.Andrew Crump & Jonathan Birch - 2021 - Learning and Behavior 49 (4).
    In a new study, Ben-Haim et al. use subliminal stimuli to separate conscious and unconscious perception in macaques. A programme of this type, using a range of cognitive tasks, is a promising way to look for conscious perception in more controversial cases.
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  26.  75
    Orientation-invariant object recognition: evidence from repetition blindness.Irina M. Harris & Paul E. Dux - 2005 - Cognition 95 (1):73-93.
    The question of whether object recognition is orientation-invariant or orientation-dependent was investigated using a repetition blindness (RB) paradigm. In RB, the second occurrence of a repeated stimulus is less likely to be reported, compared to the occurrence of a different stimulus, if it occurs within a short time of the first presentation. This failure is usually interpreted as a difficulty in assigning two separate episodic tokens to the same visual type. Thus, RB can provide useful information about which representations are (...)
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  27.  18
    Socially responsible consumption in Russia: Testing the theory of planned behavior and the moderating role of trust.Irina Petrovskaya & Fazli Haleem - 2020 - Business Ethics: A European Review 30 (1):38-53.
    Business Ethics: A European Review, EarlyView.
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  28.  13
    The Demon of Distraction.Irina Dumitrescu & Caleb Smith - 2021 - Critical Inquiry 47 (S2):S77-S81.
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  29. Animal Consciousness: The Interplay of Neural and Behavioural Evidence.Andrew Crump & Jonathan Birch - 2022 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 29 (3-4):104-128.
    We consider the relationship between neural and behavioural evidence for animal consciousness. We critically examine two recent studies: one neural and one behavioural. The first, on crows, finds different neural activity depending on whether a stimulus is reported as seen or unseen. However, to implicate this neural activity in consciousness, we must assume that a specific conditioned behaviour is a report of conscious experience. The second study, on macaques, records behaviours strikingly similar to patterns of conscious and unconscious perception in (...)
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  30.  32
    Thought experiments in mathematics.Irina Starikova & Marcus Giaquinto - unknown
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  31. Laborator.Irina Horea - 2001 - Dilema 456:20.
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  32.  55
    Honor Among Thieves.Irina Meketa - 2015 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 18 (2):385-402.
    Traditional accounts of the fair play principle suggest that, under appropriate conditions, those who benefit from the cooperative labor of others acquire an obligation of repayment. However, these accounts have had little to say about the nature of such obligations within morally or legally problematic cooperative schemes, taking the matter to be either straightforward or unimportant. It is neither. The question of what sorts of fair play obligations obtain for those who benefit from illicit cooperative activity is a matter of (...)
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  33. Why do mathematicians need different ways of presenting mathematical objects? The case of cayley graphs.Irina Starikova - 2010 - Topoi 29 (1):41-51.
    This paper investigates the role of pictures in mathematics in the particular case of Cayley graphs—the graphic representations of groups. I shall argue that their principal function in that theory—to provide insight into the abstract structure of groups—is performed employing their visual aspect. I suggest that the application of a visual graph theory in the purely non-visual theory of groups resulted in a new effective approach in which pictures have an essential role. Cayley graphs were initially developed as exact mathematical (...)
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  34.  30
    Cancer Ecology: Niche Construction, Keystone Species, Ecological Succession, and Ergodic Theory.Irina Kareva - 2015 - Biological Theory 10 (4):283-288.
    Parallels between cancer and ecological systems have been increasingly recognized and extensively reviewed. However, a more unified framework of understanding cancer as an evolving dynamical system that undergoes a sequence of interconnected changes over time, from a dormant microtumor to disseminated metastatic disease, still needs to be developed. Here, we focus on several examples of such mechanisms, namely, how in cancer niche construction a metabolic adaptation and consequent change to the tumor microenvironment becomes an important factor in evasion of the (...)
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  35.  29
    Процессуальное положение защитника.Irina Akubardia - 2005 - GISAP: Jurisprudence 1:3-13.
    [Translated by Google] The article touches upon one of the most important problems of criminal - procedural law. It examines the procedural position of the defense in the criminal - procedural production in terms of its role and importance. In the above legal literature expressed views on this issue. Based on the analysis of opinion identified three positions: 1.zaschitnik - representative of the accused; 2.zaschitnik - an independent participant in the process and at the same time representative of the accused; (...)
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  36.  16
    L'anima e il sublime.Irina Casali (ed.) - 2021 - Milano: Editori della peste.
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  37. Po dolgu grazhdanina.Irina Golovanʹ - 1962 - Moskva,: Gos. izd-vo polit. lit-ry.
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  38. Ėsteticheskoe vospitanie deteĭ.Irina Mikhaĭlovna Turich - 1966
     
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  39.  49
    The false dichotomy between experiment and observation: The case of comparative cognition.Irina Meketa - unknown
  40.  81
    Contingency learning without awareness: Evidence for implicit control.James R. Schmidt, Matthew J. C. Crump, Jim Cheesman & Derek Besner - 2007 - Consciousness and Cognition 16 (2):421-435.
    The results of four experiments provide evidence for controlled processing in the absence of awareness. Participants identified the colour of a neutral distracter word. Each of four words was presented in one of the four colours 75% of the time or 50% of the time . Colour identification was faster when the words appeared in the colour they were most often presented in relative to when they appeared in another colour, even for participants who were subjectively unaware of any contingencies (...)
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  41.  23
    Distinguishing between level and impact of rumination as predictors of depressive symptoms: An experience sampling study.Irina Pasyugina, Peter Koval, Jozefien De Leersnyder, Batja Mesquita & Peter Kuppens - 2015 - Cognition and Emotion 29 (4):736-746.
  42.  25
    Self-Generation in the Context of Inquiry-Based Learning.Irina Kaiser, Jürgen Mayer & Dumitru Malai - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9:407972.
    Self-generation of knowledge can activate deeper cognitive processing and improve long-term retention compared to the passive reception of information. It plays a distinctive role within the concept of inquiry-based learning, which is an activity-oriented, student-centered collaborative learning approach in which students become actively involved in knowledge construction. This approach allows students to not only acquire content knowledge, but also an understanding of investigative procedures/inquiry skills – in particular the control-of-variables strategy (CVS). From the perspective of cognitive load theory, generating answers (...)
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  43.  27
    READING and FEELING: the effects of a literature-based intervention designed to increase emotional competence in second and third graders.Irina R. Kumschick, Luna Beck, Michael Eid, Georg Witte, Gisela Klann-Delius, Isabella Heuser, Rã¼Diger Steinlein & Winfried Menninghaus - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
  44.  15
    Intrigues: Studies of the Chan-kuo Ts'e.David Hawkes & J. I. Crump - 1966 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 86 (1):62.
  45. Is behavioural flexibility evidence of cognitive complexity? How evolution can inform comparative cognition.Irina Mikhalevich, Russell Powell & Corina Logan - 2017 - Interface Focus 7.
    Behavioural flexibility is often treated as the gold standard of evidence for more sophisticated or complex forms of animal cognition, such as planning, metacognition and mindreading. However, the evidential link between behavioural flexibility and complex cognition has not been explicitly or systematically defended. Such a defence is particularly pressing because observed flexible behaviours can frequently be explained by putatively simpler cognitive mechanisms. This leaves complex cognition hypotheses open to ‘deflationary’ challenges that are accorded greater evidential weight precisely because they offer (...)
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  46.  10
    Visual field asymmetries in object individuation.Irina M. Harris, Cara Wong & Sally Andrews - 2015 - Consciousness and Cognition 37:194-206.
  47.  20
    Інформаційна підтримка маркетингу на підприємстві харчової промисловості.Irina Maltseva - 2016 - Схід 3 (143):33-37.
    The paper looks into one branch of Ukrainian economy - the food industry. It is established that marketing activities of food industry companies have some specific features, namely mismatching of an agricultural performance period and production time; a perishable nature of products, which necessitates tight time frames of storage and sales; production focus on the direct consumer; a high level of materials consumption of products released, which requires a large quantity of feedstock as well as high qualification skills and expertise (...)
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  48.  19
    Hospitality of the Matrix: Philosophy, Biomedicine, and Culture.Irina Aristarkhova - 2012 - Columbia University Press.
    This book reorients the question of the matrix as a place "where" everything comes from ( "chora," womb, incubator) by recasting it in terms of acts of "matrixial/maternal hospitality" that produce space and matter of / for the other.
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  49.  9
    (Mis)Understanding Correlativity in Contractual Relations.Irina Sakharova - 2024 - Ratio Juris 37 (1):48-66.
    This article challenges the orthodox explanation of the normative connection between contracting parties: The promisee is regarded as having a superior position vis‐à‐vis the promisor, a position manifesting itself in the promisee's authority or control over the promisor's performance, and supported, in particular, by the promisee's supposed power, or at least some sort of ability falling short of a normative power, to “waive” the promisor's duty of performance. The article demonstrates that this explanation is rooted in a one‐sided, and ultimately (...)
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  50.  45
    Experiment and Animal Minds: Why the Choice of the Null Hypothesis Matters.Irina Mikhalevich - 2015 - Philosophy of Science 82 (5):1059-1069.
    In guarding against inferential mistakes, experimental comparative cognition errs on the side of underattributing sophisticated cognition to animals, or what I refer to as the underattribution bias. I propose eliminating this bias by altering the method of choosing the default, or null, hypothesis. Rather than choosing the most parsimonious null hypothesis, as is current practice, I argue for choosing the best-evidenced hypothesis. Doing so at once preserves the risk-controlling structure of the current statistical paradigm and introduces a sensitivity to probability-conferring (...)
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