Results for 'Irina Borisova'

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  1. AF Losev and the Philosophy of Resonance.Irina Borisova - 2005 - Russian Studies in Philosophy 44 (1):82-99.
     
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  2. Is Behavioural Flexibility Evidence of Cognitive Complexity? How Evolution Can Inform Comparative Cognition.Irina Mikhalevich, Russell Powell & Corina Logan - 2017 - Interface Focus 7.
    Behavioural flexibility is often treated as the gold standard of evidence for more sophisticated or complex forms of animal cognition, such as planning, metacognition and mindreading. However, the evidential link between behavioural flexibility and complex cognition has not been explicitly or systematically defended. Such a defence is particularly pressing because observed flexible behaviours can frequently be explained by putatively simpler cognitive mechanisms. This leaves complex cognition hypotheses open to ‘deflationary’ challenges that are accorded greater evidential weight precisely because they offer (...)
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  3. Minds Without Spines: Evolutionarily Inclusive Animal Ethics.Irina Mikhalevich - 2020 - Animal Sentience 29 (1).
    Invertebrate animals are frequently lumped into a single category and denied welfare protections despite their considerable cognitive, behavioral, and evolutionary diversity. Some ethical and policy inroads have been made for cephalopod molluscs and crustaceans, but the vast majority of arthropods, including the insects, remain excluded from moral consideration. We argue that this exclusion is unwarranted given the existing evidence. Anachronistic readings of evolution, which view invertebrates as lower in the scala naturae, continue to influence public policy and common morality. The (...)
     
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  4.  58
    The Problem of Relevant Descriptions and the Scope of Moral Principles.Irina Schumski - 2017 - European Journal of Philosophy 25 (4):1588-1613.
    In her seminal attack on modern moral philosophy, G. E. M. Anscombe claims that Kant's ‘rule about universalizable maxims is useless without stipulations as to what shall count as a relevant description of an action with a view to constructing a maxim about it’. Although this so-called problem of relevant descriptions has received considerable attention in the literature, there is little agreement on how it should be understood or solved. My aim in this paper is, first, to clarify the problem (...)
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  5.  52
    A Critique of the Principle of Cognitive Simplicity in Comparative Cognition.Irina Meketa - 2014 - Biology and Philosophy 29 (5):731-745.
    A widespread assumption in experimental comparative cognition is that, barring compelling evidence to the contrary, the default hypothesis should postulate the simplest cognitive ontology consistent with the animal’s behavior. I call this assumption the principle of cognitive simplicity . In this essay, I show that PoCS is pervasive but unjustified: a blanket preference for the simplest cognitive ontology is not justified by any of the available arguments. Moreover, without a clear sense of how cognitive ontologies are to be carved up (...)
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  6.  77
    Hospitality and the Maternal.Irina Aristarkhova - 2012 - Hypatia 27 (1):163-181.
    This article engages the concept of hospitality as it relates to the maternal. I critically evaluate the current conceptions of hospitality by Emmanuel Levinas and Jacques Derrida, focusing on their dematerialized definition of the feminine found at the heart of hospitality, and Derrida's aporia of hospitality that deals with ownership. The foundation of hospitality, I show, is the maternal relation and its specific acts of hospitality that encompass the notions of gift and generosity. While remaining unthought in philosophy, however, maternal (...)
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  7.  18
    When Empathic Concern and Perspective Taking Matter for Ethical Judgment: The Role of Time Hurriedness.Irina Cojuharenco & Francesco Sguera - 2015 - Journal of Business Ethics 130 (3):717-725.
    Based on a dual process view of ethical judgment, we examine the role of empathic concern and perspective taking on the acceptability of lying to protect the company. We hypothesize that these traits will matter to a different extent under conditions of high and low perceived time hurriedness. Our research hypotheses are tested in a survey of 134 US workers. Results show that empathic concern reduces the acceptability of lying to protect the company for individuals who tend to do things (...)
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  8.  16
    True Contextuality Beats Direct Influences in Human Decision Making.Irina Basieva, Víctor H. Cervantes, Ehtibar N. Dzhafarov & Andrei Khrennikov - forthcoming - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General.
  9.  32
    Self-Construal and Unethical Behavior.Irina Cojuharenco, Garriy Shteynberg, Michele Gelfand & Marshall Schminke - 2012 - Journal of Business Ethics 109 (4):447-461.
    We suggest that understanding unethical behavior in organizations involves understanding how people view themselves and their relationships with others, a concept known as self-construal. Across multiple studies, employing both field and laboratory settings, we examine the impact of three dimensions of self-construal (independent, relational, and collective) on unethical behavior. Our results show that higher levels of relational self-construal relate negatively to unethical behavior. We also find that differences in levels of relational self for men and women mediate gender differences in (...)
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  10.  1
    Protágoras de Platón y la pregunta por quiénes somos.Irina Deretić - 2021 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 31.
    En el Gran Discurso de Protágoras, en el diálogo platónico que lleva su nombre, Platón pone en boca de Protágoras un mito acerca del origen, desarrollo y naturaleza del ser humano, que es de gran relevancia filosófica. Se expresa que los dioses crearon a los seres mortales desde dos elementos: la tierra y el fuego. A su vez, también asignaron dos titanes, Epimeteo y Prometeo, para que proveyeran a los mortales de sus facultades. ¿Acaso esto implica que la creación no (...)
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  11.  75
    Hindu and Buddhist Ideas in Dialogue: Self and No-Self.Irina Kuznetsova, Jonardon Ganeri & Chakravarthi Ram-Prasad (eds.) - 2012 - Ashgate.
    The debates between various Buddhist and Hindu philosophical systems about the existence, definition and nature of self, occupy a central place in the history of Indian philosophy and religion.
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  12. Why Do Mathematicians Need Different Ways of Presenting Mathematical Objects? The Case of Cayley Graphs.Irina Starikova - 2010 - Topoi 29 (1):41-51.
    This paper investigates the role of pictures in mathematics in the particular case of Cayley graphs—the graphic representations of groups. I shall argue that their principal function in that theory—to provide insight into the abstract structure of groups—is performed employing their visual aspect. I suggest that the application of a visual graph theory in the purely non-visual theory of groups resulted in a new effective approach in which pictures have an essential role. Cayley graphs were initially developed as exact mathematical (...)
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  13.  29
    Quantitative Content Analysis as a Method for Business Ethics Research.Irina Lock & Peter Seele - 2015 - Business Ethics: A European Review 24:S24-S40.
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  14.  9
    Hospitality of the Matrix: Philosophy, Biomedicine, and Culture.Irina Aristarkhova - 2012 - Columbia University Press.
    This book reorients the question of the matrix as a place "where" everything comes from ( "chora," womb, incubator) by recasting it in terms of acts of "matrixial/maternal hospitality" that produce space and matter of / for the other.
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  15.  17
    Thinking the Commons Through Ostrom and Butler: Boundedness and Vulnerability.Irina Velicu & Gustavo García-López - 2018 - Theory, Culture and Society 35 (6):55-73.
    In this paper we propose an ‘undisciplinary’ meeting between Elinor Ostrom and Judith Butler, with the intent to broaden the theory of the commons by discussing it as a relational politics. We use Butler’s theory of power to problematize existing visions of commons, shifting from Ostrom’s ‘bounded rationality’ to Butler’s concepts of ‘bounded selves’ and mutual vulnerability. To be bounded – as opposed to autonomous being – implies being an effect of socio-power relations and norms that are often beyond control. (...)
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  16.  17
    READING and FEELING: The Effects of a Literature-Based Intervention Designed to Increase Emotional Competence in Second and Third Graders.Irina R. Kumschick, Luna Beck, Michael Eid, Georg Witte, Gisela Klann-Delius, Isabella Heuser, Rã¼Diger Steinlein & Winfried Menninghaus - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
  17. “Reluctant Philosopher” or Suffering From Our Own Being. Psychoanalysis in Daseinsanalytical Perspective.Irina Glukhova - 2016 - HORIZON. Studies in Phenomenology 5 (2):89-108.
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  18.  3
    New Religions as the Postsecular Epiphenomenon of Globalisation in the Contemporary Ukrainian Society.Irina Grabovska, Tetiana Talko & Tetiana Vlasova - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (1):1-6.
    The tendencies of postsecularism in the social life of today's Ukraine are especially significant in their influence on the quasi-religious context of religious worships practiced in the country. These factors erode the modernity basis of the society, and Ukraine appears in the contradictory situation of its intention to complete the modernisation process and oppose the antiglobalistic isolationism. The neo-Protestant teachings and practices are obviouly connected with the principles of liberalism and consumerism. Neo-Oriental and new syncretic religions show that they produce (...)
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  19.  37
    Experiment and Animal Minds: Why the Choice of the Null Hypothesis Matters.Irina Mikhalevich - 2015 - Philosophy of Science 82 (5):1059-1069.
    In guarding against inferential mistakes, experimental comparative cognition errs on the side of underattributing sophisticated cognition to animals, or what I refer to as the underattribution bias. I propose eliminating this bias by altering the method of choosing the default, or null, hypothesis. Rather than choosing the most parsimonious null hypothesis, as is current practice, I argue for choosing the best-evidenced hypothesis. Doing so at once preserves the risk-controlling structure of the current statistical paradigm and introduces a sensitivity to probability-conferring (...)
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  20.  66
    Orientation-Invariant Object Recognition: Evidence From Repetition Blindness.Irina M. Harris & Paul E. Dux - 2005 - Cognition 95 (1):73-93.
    The question of whether object recognition is orientation-invariant or orientation-dependent was investigated using a repetition blindness (RB) paradigm. In RB, the second occurrence of a repeated stimulus is less likely to be reported, compared to the occurrence of a different stimulus, if it occurs within a short time of the first presentation. This failure is usually interpreted as a difficulty in assigning two separate episodic tokens to the same visual type. Thus, RB can provide useful information about which representations are (...)
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  21.  38
    Honor Among Thieves.Irina Meketa - 2015 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 18 (2):385-402.
    Traditional accounts of the fair play principle suggest that, under appropriate conditions, those who benefit from the cooperative labor of others acquire an obligation of repayment. However, these accounts have had little to say about the nature of such obligations within morally or legally problematic cooperative schemes, taking the matter to be either straightforward or unimportant. It is neither. The question of what sorts of fair play obligations obtain for those who benefit from illicit cooperative activity is a matter of (...)
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  22.  20
    Thought Experiments in Mathematics.Irina Starikova & Marcus Giaquinto - unknown
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  23.  10
    Integration of Seismic and Gravity Data — A Case Study From the Western Gulf of Mexico.Irina Filina, Nicholas Delebo, Gopal Mohapatra, Clayton Coble, Gary Harris, John Layman, Mike Strickler & Jean-Pierre Blangy - 2015 - Interpretation: SEG 3 (4):SAC99-SAC106.
    A 3D gravity model was developed in the western Gulf of Mexico in the East Breaks and Alaminos Canyon protraction areas. This model integrated 3D seismic, gravity, and well data; it was constructed in support of a proprietary seismic reprocessing project and was updated iteratively with seismic. The gravity model was built from seismic horizons of the bathymetry, salt layers, and the acoustic basement; however, the latter was only possible to map in seismic data during the latest iterations. In addition, (...)
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  24.  8
    Crustal Architecture of the Northwestern and Central Gulf of Mexico From Integrated Geophysical Analysis.Irina Filina - 2019 - Interpretation 7 (4):T899-T910.
    The tectonic history of the Gulf of Mexico is a subject for ongoing debate. The nature of the crust in the northwestern and central parts of the basin remains poorly understood. Joined interpretation of two 2D seismic cross sections — GUMBO1 and GUMBO2 — with potential fields constrained with available well data allows testing various hypotheses about the subsurface structures and crustal architecture in the study area. In the northwestern GOM, two contradicting hypotheses about the nature of the crust were (...)
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  25.  13
    Using the Visual World Paradigm to Study Retrieval Interference in Spoken Language Comprehension.Irina A. Sekerina, Luca Campanelli & Julie A. Van Dyke - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  26.  39
    The False Dichotomy Between Experiment and Observation: The Case of Comparative Cognition.Irina Meketa - unknown
  27.  55
    Behandlungsfehler in der Psychotherapie: Ein Empirischer Beitrag Zum Fehlerbegriff Und Seinen Ethischen AspektenTreatment Error in Psychotherapy: An Empirical Contribution to the Notion of Error and its Ethical Aspects.Irina Medau, Ralf J. Jox & Stella Reiter-Theil - 2014 - Ethik in der Medizin 26 (1):3-18.
    Behandlungsfehler in der Psychotherapie sind bisher kaum erforscht. Eine empirisch gestützte Kategorisierung von Behandlungsfehlern stellt einen ersten Schritt dar, sich evidenzbasierten ethischen Empfehlungen zum Umgang mit solchen Fehlern zu nähern. Zielsetzung dieser Arbeit ist es, dafür erste Grundlagen zu erarbeiten, die auf Erfahrungen von Praktikern Bezug nehmen. Nach einer systematischen Literaturrecherche wurden 30 semistrukturierte Interviews mit approbierten Psychotherapeuten unterschiedlicher Ausrichtungen (Schulen) geführt und anhand der qualitativen Inhaltsanalyse nach Mayring ausgewertet. Die beschriebenen, alltäglich auftretenden Behandlungsfehler konnten in technische, normative, Einschätzungs- und (...)
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  28.  16
    Cancer Ecology: Niche Construction, Keystone Species, Ecological Succession, and Ergodic Theory.Irina Kareva - 2015 - Biological Theory 10 (4):283-288.
    Parallels between cancer and ecological systems have been increasingly recognized and extensively reviewed. However, a more unified framework of understanding cancer as an evolving dynamical system that undergoes a sequence of interconnected changes over time, from a dormant microtumor to disseminated metastatic disease, still needs to be developed. Here, we focus on several examples of such mechanisms, namely, how in cancer niche construction a metabolic adaptation and consequent change to the tumor microenvironment becomes an important factor in evasion of the (...)
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  29.  13
    From Practice to New Concepts: Geometric Properties of Groups.Irina Starikova - 2012 - Philosophia Scientae 16:129-151.
    The paper aims to show how mathematical practice, in particular with visual representations, can lead to new mathematical results. The argument is based on a case study from a relatively recent and promising mathematical subject—geometric group theory. The paper discusses how the representation of groups by Cayley graphs made possible to discover new geometric properties of groups.
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  30.  3
    Programs for Undergraduate Women in Science and Engineering: Issues, Problems, and Solutions.Irina Nikiforova, Gerhard Sonnert & Mary Frank Fox - 2011 - Gender and Society 25 (5):589-615.
    We analyze programs for undergraduate women in science and engineering as strategic research sites in the study of disparities between women and men in scientific fields within higher education. Based on responses to a survey of the directors of the universe of these programs in the United States, the findings reveal key patterns in the programs’ definitions of the issues of women in science and engineering, their solutions to address the issues, their goals and perceived success with goals, and their (...)
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  31.  15
    Self-Generation in the Context of Inquiry-Based Learning.Irina Kaiser, Jürgen Mayer & Dumitru Malai - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  32. Laborator.Irina Horea - 2001 - Dilema 456:20.
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  33.  14
    Diffusion Correlation Effects of Molybdenum and Silicon in Molybdenum Disilicide.Irina V. Belova, Helmut Mehrer & Graeme E. Murch - 2011 - Philosophical Magazine 91 (28):3727-3743.
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  34.  17
    Meaning, Function and Design of Object in Culture.Irina Klimenko & Tatiana Berdnik - 2018 - Postmodern Openings 9 (2):110-119.
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  35.  4
    Simplicity and Cognitive Modeling: Avoiding Old Mistakes in New Experimental Contexts.Irina Mikhalevich - 2017 - In Kristin Andrews & Jacob Beck (eds.), The Routledge Handbook of Philosophy of Animal Minds. London, UK: pp. 427-437.
    In this chapter, the author examines how the simplicity heuristic adversely affects a relatively new tool in experimental comparative cognition: cognitive models. It does so, she argues, by directing intellectual resources into the development and refinement of putatively simple cognitive models at the expense of putatively more complex ones, which in turn directs experimenters to develop tests to rule out these simple models.
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  36.  31
    Heidegger and Levinas: Metaphysics, Ontology and the Horizon of the Other.Irina Poleshchuk - 2010 - Indo-Pacific Journal of Phenomenology 10 (2):1-10.
    Already in his earlier works Levinas proposes a distinct phenomenological project which takes into consideration the radicality of the other and otherness by questioning intentionality and the validity of intersubjectivity within intentional consciousness. His move “towards Heidegger and against Husserl” was due primarily to Heidegger’s Dasein analysis, understanding of Being and being-with. However, in his major work, Totality and Infinity, Levinas proposes a new perspective on reading intersubjective relations with the Other which strongly contrasts with the Heideggerian concept of intersubjectivity. (...)
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  37.  43
    On the Performativity of Gender: Gender Studies in Post-Soviet Higher Education.Irina Zherebkina - 2003 - Studies in East European Thought 55 (1):63-79.
    In this article I attempt to conceptualize myexistential and institutional experience as thedirector of the Kharkov Center for GenderStudies acquired in the course of introducinggender studies into the system of post-Soviethigher education. The main subject of thearticle concerns the logical ground of genderdiscourse and the complicated relations betweenthe notions of `gender studies', `women'sstudies', and, within the latter, `feminism' inthe former USSR, all in the framework ofconcepts from Western feminists theory.
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  38.  57
    How Psychotherapists Handle Treatment Errors – an Ethical Analysis.Irina Medau, Ralf J. Jox & Stella Reiter-Theil - 2013 - BMC Medical Ethics 14 (1):50.
    Dealing with errors in psychotherapy is challenging, both ethically and practically. There is almost no empirical research on this topic. We aimed (1) to explore psychotherapists’ self-reported ways of dealing with an error made by themselves or by colleagues, and (2) to reconstruct their reasoning according to the two principle-based ethical approaches that are dominant in the ethics discourse of psychotherapy, Beauchamp & Childress (B&C) and Lindsay et al. (L).
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  39.  22
    On the Possibility to Combine the Order Effect with Sequential Reproducibility for Quantum Measurements.Irina Basieva & Andrei Khrennikov - 2015 - Foundations of Physics 45 (10):1379-1393.
    In this paper we study the problem of a possibility to use quantum observables to describe a possible combination of the order effect with sequential reproducibility for quantum measurements. By the order effect we mean a dependence of probability distributions on the order of measurements. We consider two types of the sequential reproducibility: adjacent reproducibility ) and separated reproducibility). The first one is reproducibility with probability 1 of a result of measurement of some observable A measured twice, one A measurement (...)
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  40.  57
    The Aesthetic Post-Communist Subject and the Differend of Rosia Montana.Irina Velicu - 2012 - Studies in Social Justice 6 (1):125-141.
    By challenging the state and corporate prerogatives to distinguish between “good” and “bad” development, social movements by and in support of inhabitants of Rosia Montana (Transylvania) are subverting prevailing perceptions about Central and Eastern Europe (CEE)’s liberal path of development illustrating its injustice in several ways that will be detailed in this article under the heading “inhibitions of political economy” or Balkanism. The significance of the “Save Rosia Montana” movement for post-communism is that it invites post-communist subjects to reflect and (...)
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  41.  42
    Deleterious Transposable Elements and the Extinction of Asexuals.Irina Arkhipova & Matthew Meselson - 2005 - Bioessays 27 (1):76-85.
  42. The Kindergarten-Path Effect: Studying on-Line Sentence Processing in Young Children.John C. Trueswell, Irina Sekerina, Nicole M. Hill & Marian L. Logrip - 1999 - Cognition 73 (2):89-134.
  43.  18
    Scrambling and Processing: Dependencies, Complexity, and Constraints.Irina A. Sekerina - 2003 - In Simin Karimi (ed.), Word Order and Scrambling. Blackwell. pp. 301--324.
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  44.  3
    Cerebral White Matter Myelination and Relations to Age, Gender, and Cognition: A Selective Review.Irina S. Buyanova & Marie Arsalidou - 2021 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 15.
    White matter makes up about fifty percent of the human brain. Maturation of white matter accompanies biological development and undergoes the most dramatic changes during childhood and adolescence. Despite the advances in neuroimaging techniques, controversy concerning spatial, and temporal patterns of myelination, as well as the degree to which the microstructural characteristics of white matter can vary in a healthy brain as a function of age, gender and cognitive abilities still exists. In a selective review we describe methods of assessing (...)
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  45.  1
    From Humanism to Meta-, Post- and Transhumanism?Irina Deretic & Stefan Lorenz Sorgner (eds.) - 2015
    The relationship between humanism, metahumanism, posthumanism and transhumanism is one of the most pressing topics concerning many current cultural, social, political, ethical and individual challenges. There have been a great number of uses of the various terms in history. Meta-, post- and transhumanism have in common that they reject the categorically dualist understanding of human beings inherent in humanism. The essays in this volume consider the relevant historical discourses, important contemporary philosophical reflections and artistic perspectives on this subject-matter.
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  46.  42
    Instrumental and/or Deliberative? A Typology of CSR Communication Tools.Peter Seele & Irina Lock - 2015 - Journal of Business Ethics 131 (2):401-414.
    Addressing the critique that communication activities with regard to CSR are often merely instrumental marketing or public relation tools, this paper develops a toolbox of CSR communication that takes into account a deliberative notion. We derive this toolbox classification from the political approach of CSR that is based on Habermasian discourse ethics and show that it has a communicative core. Therefore, we embed CSR communication within political CSR theory and extend it by Habermasian communication theory, particularly the four validity claims (...)
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  47. Postmodernizm v Moskve.Irina M. Busygina - 1995 - Polis 6:5-9.
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  48.  74
    Thou Shall Not Harm All Living Beings: Feminism, Jainism, and Animals.Irina Aristarkhova - 2012 - Hypatia 27 (3):636-650.
    In this paper, I critically develop the Jain concept of nonharm as a feminist philosophical concept that calls for a change in our relation to living beings, specifically to animals. I build on the work of Josephine Donovan, Carol J. Adams, Jacques Derrida, Kelly Oliver, and Lori Gruen to argue for a change from an ethic of care and dialogue to an ethic of carefulness and nonpossession. I expand these discussions by considering the Jain philosophy of nonharm in relation to (...)
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  49.  44
    Consciousness and Evolution.Irina-Gabriela Buda - 2009 - Forum Philosophicum: International Journal for Philosophy 14 (2):329-342.
    I analyse some of the key evolutionary issues that arise in the study of consciousness from a bio-philosophical point of view. They all seem to be related to the fact that phenomenality has a special status: it is a very complex feature, apparently more than biological, it is hard to define because of the plurality of its displays and it is difficult to study with classic evolutionary tools . Giving an answer to the question "is consciousness an adaptive trait?" thus (...)
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  50. Subʺektivnostʹ I Gender: Gendernai͡a Teorii͡a Subʺekta V Sovremennoĭ Filosofskoĭ Antropologii.Irina Zherebkina - 2007 - Aleteĭi͡a.
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