Results for 'sex'

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  1. Adkins, AWH (1977)'Lucretius 1.16–139 and the problems of writing versus Latini', Phoenix 31: 145–58. Adler, E.(2003) Vergil's Empire. Political Thought in the Aeneid. Lanham, Md. and Oxford. Aicher, PJ (1992)'Lucretian revisions of Homer', Classical Journal 87: 139–58. [REVIEW]Cari de Rerum Natura Libri Sex - 2007 - In Stuart Gillespie & Philip R. Hardie (eds.), The Cambridge Companion to Lucretius. Cambridge University Press. pp. 327.
     
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  2.  13
    Economic analysis of sexuality. See Posner. Richard.Sex Education - 2006 - In Alan Soble (ed.), Sex From Plato to Paglia: A Philosophical Encyclopedia. Greenwood Press. pp. 1--256.
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  3. The Medical Construction of Gender.Inter Sexed Infants - 2001 - In Abigail J. Stewart (ed.), Theorizing Feminism: Parallel Trends in the Humanities and Social Sciences. Westview Press.
     
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  4.  13
    Evidence and rhetoric in cicero's pro roscio amerino: The case against.Sex Roscius - 2003 - Classical Quarterly 53:235-246.
  5. Sex and Gender.Esther Rosario - 2024 - In Kathrin Koslicki & Michael J. Raven (eds.), The Routledge Handbook of Essence in Philosophy. Routledge.
    This chapter surveys essentialist and anti-essentialist theories of sex and gender. It does so by engaging three approaches to sex and gender: externalism, internalism, and contextualism. The chapter also draws attention to two key debates about sex and gender in the feminist literature: the debate about the sex/gender distinction (the distinction debate) and the debate about whether sex and gender have essences (the essentialism/anti-essentialism debate). In addition, it describes three problems that theories of sex and gender tend to face: the (...)
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  6. Sex, Lies, and Consent.Tom Dougherty - 2013 - Ethics 123 (4):717-744.
    How wrong is it to deceive someone into sex by lying, say, about one's profession? The answer is seriously wrong when the liar's actual profession would be a deal breaker for the victim of the deception: this deception vitiates the victim's sexual consent, and it is seriously wrong to have sex with someone while lacking his or her consent.
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  7. Bad Sex and Consent.Elise Woodard - 2022 - In David Boonin (ed.), Handbook of Sexual Ethics. Palgrave. pp. 301--324.
    It is widely accepted that consent is a normative power. For instance, consent can make an impermissible act permissible. In the words of Heidi Hurd, it “turns a trespass into a dinner party... an invasion of privacy into an intimate moment.” In this chapter, I argue against the assumption that consent has such robust powers for moral transformation. In particular, I argue that there is a wide range of sex that harms or wrongs victims despite being consensual. Moreover, these cases (...)
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  8.  16
    Blurred lines: rethinking sex, power, and consent on campus.Vanessa Grigoriadis - 2017 - Boston: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt.
    Draws on research at college and university campuses to explore the topics of sex, consent, and sexual assault, discussing statistics about the prevalence of campus rape, and offering advice on how to make college a safer experience.
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  9. Sex By Deception.Berit Brogaard - 2022 - In Manuel Vargas & John Doris (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Moral Psychology. Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press. pp. 683-711.
    In this paper I will use sex by deception as a case study for highlighting some of the most tricky concepts around sexuality and moral psychology, including rape, consensual sex, sexual rights, sexual autonomy, sexual individuality, and disrespectful sex. I begin with a discussion of morally wrong sex as rooted in the breach of five sexual liberty rights that are derived from our fundamental human liberty rights: sexual self-possession, sexual autonomy, sexual individuality, sexual dignity and sexual privacy. I then argue (...)
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  10.  80
    Sex, Gender, and Embodiment.Sara Heinamaa - 2012 - In Dan Zahavi (ed.), The Oxford handbook of contemporary phenomenology. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    This chapter develops an alternative to the dominant articulation of human existence on the basis of classical phenomenology, arguing that Edmund Husserl's phenomenological inquiries into the structures of embodiment provide a very different and more fruitful starting point for the investigation of sexual difference than the ideas of social gender and biological sex. The ways of classifying sex and gender characteristics mark them out on several different conceptual bases, and thus their categories may not correspond or coincide. Moreover historical and (...)
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  11. The Second Sex.Simone de Beauvoir & H. M. Parshley - 2010 - Random House.
    Required reading for anyone who believes in the equality of the sexes. A long awaited, highly acclaimed new translation of Simone De Beauvoir's landmark work.
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  12. Sex, Love, and Gender: A Kantian Theory.Helga Varden - 2020 - Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
    Sex, Love, and Gender is the first volume to present a comprehensive philosophical theory that brings together all of Kant's practical philosophy — found across his works on ethics, justice, anthropology, history, and religion — and provide a critique of emotionally healthy and morally permissible sexual, loving, gendered being. By rethinking Kant's work on human nature and making space for sex, love, and gender within his moral accounts of freedom, the book shows how, despite his austere and even anti-sex, cisist, (...)
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  13.  7
    Sexe & philo.Francis Métivier - 2012 - [Paris]: Éditions Bréal. Edited by Ovidie.
    Le sexe est le plus grand des vides de la philosophie. Il est arrivé, dans certains textes notoires, de nous trouver à deux doigts du délit porno-philosophique. Mais les penseurs ont, à ce moment-là, fermé les volets de leur imaginaire. Pourtant, chaque position sexuelle, chaque pratique, chacun des états dans lequel le sexe nous met, correspond à une conception philosophique de la chose. Ainsi, l'ouvrage prend le parti d'étudier sexe et philosophie du point de vue du sujet sexuel : " (...)
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  14.  85
    Sex differences in human brain asymmetry: a critical survey.Jeannette McGlone - 1980 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 3 (2):215-227.
    Dual functional brain asymmetry refers to the notion that in most individuals the left cerebral hemisphere is specialized for language functions, whereas the right cerebral hemisphere is more important than the left for the perception, construction, and recall of stimuli that are difficult to verbalize. In the last twenty years there have been scattered reports of sex differences in degree of hemispheric specialization. This review provides a critical framework within which two related topics are discussed: Do meaningful sex differences in (...)
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  15.  10
    Sex, gender, ethics and the Darwinian evolution of mankind: 150 years of Darwin's 'Descent of man'.Michel Veuille (ed.) - 2024 - New York, NY: Routledge.
    Sex, Gender, Ethics, and the Darwinian Evolution of Humanity examines the impact of Darwin's 'Descent of Man' on contemporary biology and the humanities. Its publication in 1871 was a founding event in anthropology. Its content was primarily concerned with the development of sexual life, social life, and intellectual life, not only as outcomes of evolution, but as components that have actively intermixed over time with the evolutionary mechanism of natural selection. The stamp of Darwinism on modern thought is still very (...)
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  16. Fichte on Sex, Marriage, and Gender.Rory Lawrence Phillips - 2023 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 31 (6):1168-1187.
    “I am only what I make myself to be”, Fichte tells us. In this paper, I outline Fichte’s views on sex, marriage and gender, with two aims. Firstly, to elucidate an aspect of his moral theory which has received little attention, and secondly to argue that Fichte’s distinctive stance on selfhood, freedom, and normativity lead to a revisionary account of gender expression and identity, where people can freely carve out their own identity, irrespective of “nature”. In this paper, I therefore (...)
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  17. Sex-Selective Abortion: A Matter of Choice.Jeremy Williams - 2012 - Law and Philosophy 31 (2):125-159.
    This paper argues that, if we are committed to a Pro-choice stance with regard to selective abortion for disability, we will be unable to justify the prohibition of sex-selective abortion (SSA), for two reasons. First, familiar Pro-choice arguments in favour of a woman’s right to select against fetal impairment also support, by parity of reasoning, a right to choose SSA. Second, rejection of the criticisms of selective abortion for disability levelled by disability theorists also disposes, by implication, of the key (...)
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  18.  68
    Liberating sex, knowing desire: scientia sexualis and epistemic turning points in the history of sexuality.Howard H. Chiang - 2010 - History of the Human Sciences 23 (5):42-69.
    This study considers the role of epistemic turning points in the historiography of sexuality. Disentangling the historical complexity of scientia sexualis, I argue that the late 19th century and the mid-20th century constitute two critical epistemic junctures in the genealogy of sexual liberation, as the notion of free love slowly gave way to the idea of sexual freedom in modern western society. I also explore the value of the Foucauldian approach for the study of the history of sexuality in non-western (...)
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  19. Sex differences in human mate preferences: Evolutionary hypotheses tested in 37 cultures.David M. Buss - 1989 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 12 (1):1-14.
    Contemporary mate preferences can provide important clues to human reproductive history. Little is known about which characteristics people value in potential mates. Five predictions were made about sex differences in human mate preferences based on evolutionary conceptions of parental investment, sexual selection, human reproductive capacity, and sexual asymmetries regarding certainty of paternity versus maternity. The predictions centered on how each sex valued earning capacity, ambition— industriousness, youth, physical attractiveness, and chastity. Predictions were tested in data from 37 samples drawn from (...)
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  20.  8
    Meaningful Sex and Moral Respect.Robert M. Stewart - 2010-09-24 - In Fritz Allhoff, Michael Bruce & Robert M. Stewart (eds.), College Sex ‐ Philosophy for Everyone. Wiley‐Blackwell. pp. 185–197.
    This chapter contains sections titled: College Sex Today Meaning and Sexuality Meaning and Morality Respect and Higher Value Making Love Meaningfully.
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  21. This Sex Which Is Not One.Luce Irigaray - 1977 - Cornell University Press.
    In eleven acute and widely ranging essays, Irigaray reconsiders the question of female sexuality in a variety of contexts that are relevant to current discussion of feminist theory and practice.
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  22. Is sex socially constructed?Alex Byrne - 2018 - Arc Digital (nov 30).
    Three arguments for the thesis that sex is socially constructed are examined and rejected. No such argument could succeed, because sex is not socially constructed.
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  23. From Sex Robots to Love Robots: Is Mutual Love with a Robot Possible?Sven Nyholm & Lily Frank - 2017 - In John Danaher & Neil McArthur (eds.), Robot Sex: Social and Ethical Implications. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. pp. 219-244.
    Some critics of sex-robots worry that their use might spread objectifying attitudes about sex, and common sense places a higher value on sex within love-relationships than on casual sex. If there could be mutual love between humans and sex-robots, this could help to ease the worries about objectifying attitudes. And mutual love between humans and sex-robots, if possible, could also help to make this sex more valuable. But is mutual love between humans and robots possible, or even conceivable? We discuss (...)
     
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  24.  7
    Sex and the unreal city: the demolition of the Western mind.Anthony M. Esolen - 2020 - San Francisco, CA: Ignatius Press.
    Unreal City: a zany cartoon megalopolis where towers are built of cotton candy, facts scatter like pixie dust, and the truth is whatever you feel it to be. And it's no fantasy. It's where we live. We dwell in Unreal City. We believe in un-being. With saber-like wit, poet and professor Anthony Esolen leads readers on a tour through the ruins of their own Western world--through king-size bookstores, manicured college campuses, strobe-lit choir lofts, mechanized farms, divorce courts, drag-queen libraries, and (...)
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  25.  99
    Sex and culture.Joseph Unwin - 1934 - London: Oxford University Press UK.
    In Sex and Culture (1934), Unwin studied 80 primitive tribes and 6 known civilizations through 5,000 years of history and found a positive correlation between the cultural achievement of a people and the sexual restraint they observe.
  26.  36
    Human Sex Differences in Behavioral Ecological Perspective.Bobbi S. Low - 1994 - Analyse & Kritik 16 (1):38-67.
    Behavioral ecology, based in the theory of natural selection, predicts that certain behaviors are likely to differ consistently between the sexes in humans as well as other species: aggression, resource striving, information content of sexual signalling. These differences, though of course open to modification by cultural practice, arise because male and female humans, like males and females of other mammal species, typically optimize their reproductive lifetimes through different behaviors: males specializing in mating effort (which has a high fixed cost, and (...)
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  27.  45
    Sex differences in mathematical reasoning ability in intellectually talented preadolescents: Their nature, effects, and possible causes.Camilla Persson Benbow - 1988 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 11 (2):169-183.
    Several hundred thousand intellectually talented 12-to 13-year-olds have been tested nationwide over the past 16 years with the mathematics and verbal sections of the Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT). Although no sex differences in verbal ability have been found, there have been consistent sex differences favoring males in mathematical reasoning ability, as measured by the mathematics section of the SAT (SAT-M). These differences are most pronounced at the highest levels of mathematical reasoning, they are stable over time, and they are observed (...)
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  28.  64
    Sex Robots: Love in the Age of Machines.Maurizio Balistreri - 2022 - Budapest: Trivent Publishing.
    Sex robots are already a reality: in this provocative text, Maurizio Balistreri explores the fascinating world of future sex, exploring the ethical questions raised by the existence of a sex robot industry.
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  29.  76
    Sexes and Geneologies.Luce Irigaray - 1993 - Columbia University Press.
    Sexes and Genealogies also includes Irigaray's dazzling reading of the Oresteia, "Body Against Body: In Relation to the Mother," now acknowleged as a feminist classic.
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  30.  3
    Sexes of winds and packs: rethinking feminism with Deleuze and Guattari.Johannes Ungelenk - 2014 - Hamburg: Marta Press.
    Is Feminism without the agency of sexed subjects possible? Can the problems of a highly gendered world be formulated and tackled without resorting to the notion of fundamental sexual difference? Is it possible for a Feminism that is not based on the assumption of sexed beings to gain any consistency and follow any concerted strategy? The project of this study is not only to show that all these questions can be answered with a full-hearted – Yes! – but to explore (...)
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  31. Sexing the Body: Gender Politics and the Construction of Sexuality.Anne Fausto-Sterling & Edward Stein - 2004 - Hypatia 19 (3):203-208.
  32. Robot sex and consent: Is consent to sex between a robot and a human conceivable, possible, and desirable?Lily Frank & Sven Nyholm - 2017 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 25 (3):305-323.
    The development of highly humanoid sex robots is on the technological horizon. If sex robots are integrated into the legal community as “electronic persons”, the issue of sexual consent arises, which is essential for legally and morally permissible sexual relations between human persons. This paper explores whether it is conceivable, possible, and desirable that humanoid robots should be designed such that they are capable of consenting to sex. We consider reasons for giving both “no” and “yes” answers to these three (...)
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  33.  4
    Sex Robot and Symbolic-Consequence Argument. 구교선 - 2022 - Journal of the Society of Philosophical Studies 138:61-85.
    본고의 목표는 섹스로봇 도입을 반대하는 입장을 방어하는 것이다. 이를 위해 필자는 섹스로봇 도입에 반대하는 기존 논의들의 뼈대를 이루는 상징-결과 논변을 재검토하고 이를 옹호한다. 필자는 상징-결과 논변의 개요를 소개하는 것으로 이 작업을 시작한다. 본 논변은 (a) 섹스로봇은 윤리적으로 문제가 있는 성적 규범을 상징적으로 재현하며, (b) 이 점은 섹스로봇의 사용이 부정적인 결과를 낳을 것임을 가리키기에, (c) 섹스로봇에 대해 어떠한 조치가 취해져야 한다는 결론으로 정리된다(II장). 이어서 필자는 (b)에 대한 기존 공격들, 곧 섹스로봇의 부정적 상징성은 우연적이며 이러한 부정적 상징성은 변형 가능하다는 주장들을 논박한다(III장). 다음으로 (...)
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  34.  52
    Sex Contextualism.Sarah S. Richardson - 2022 - Philosophy, Theory, and Practice in Biology 14 (2).
    This paper develops the conceptual framework of ’sex contextualism’ for the study of sex-related variables in biomedical research. Sex contextualism offers an alternative to binary sex essentialist approaches to the study of sex as a biological variable. Specifically, sex contextualism recognizes the pluralism and context-specificity of operationalizations of ’sex’ across experimental laboratory research. In light of recent policy mandates to consider sex as a biological variable, sex contextualism offers constructive guidance to biomedical researchers for attending to sex-related biological variation. As (...)
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  35.  3
    Sex for a College Education.Matthew Brophy - 2010-09-24 - In Fritz Allhoff, Michael Bruce & Robert M. Stewart (eds.), College Sex ‐ Philosophy for Everyone. Wiley‐Blackwell. pp. 169–183.
    This chapter contains sections titled: Degradation for a Degree: A Tragic Paradox Prostitution for Higher Learning Commodification: Using Oneself as a Mere Means Deflowering is Empowering: Feminism or False Consciousness? Agreeing to Be Exploited Higher Education: A High Personal Cost Prostitution as Voluntary Slavery Sacrificing One's Identity for Higher Education Prostitution Meets Internet: A Global Crisis The Dorm Porn Industry Future Consequences of Exploitation.
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  36. Humanism, sex, and sexuality.Abby Hafer - 2021 - In Anthony B. Pinn (ed.), The Oxford handbook of humanism. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
     
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  37.  45
    Sex, Love, and Friendship: Studies of the Society for the Philosophy of Sex and Love, 1977-1992.Alan Soble (ed.) - 1997 - Brill Rodopi.
    This collection joins together sixty essays on the philosophy of love and sex. Each was presented at a meeting of The Society for the Philosophy of Sex and Love held between 1977 and 1992 and later revised for this edition. Topics addressed include ethical and political issues (AIDS, abortion, homosexual rights, and pornography), conceptual matters (the nature, essence, or definition of love, friendship, sexual desire, and perversion); the study of classical and historical figures (Plato, Aristotle, Spinoza, Kant, and Kierkegaard); and (...)
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  38. Sex and Death: An Introduction to Philosophy of Biology.Kim Sterelny & Paul Edmund Griffiths - 1999 - Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press.
    Is the history of life a series of accidents or a drama scripted by selfish genes? Is there an “essential” human nature, determined at birth or in a distant evolutionary past? What should we conserve—species, ecosystems, or something else? -/- Informed answers to questions like these, critical to our understanding of ourselves and the world around us, require both a knowledge of biology and a philosophical framework within which to make sense of its findings. In this accessible introduction to philosophy (...)
     
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  39. Extended Sex: An Account of Sex for a More Just Society.Saray Ayala & Nadya Vasilyeva - 2015 - Hypatia 30 (4):725-742.
    We propose an externalist understanding of sex that builds upon extended and distributed approaches to cognition, and contributes to building a more just, diversity-sensitive society. Current sex categorization practices according to the female/male dichotomy are not only inaccurate and incoherent, but they also ground moral and political pressures that harm and oppress people. We argue that a new understanding of sex is due, an understanding that would acknowledge the variability and, most important, the flexibility of sex properties, as well as (...)
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  40.  35
    Abstract Sex: Philosophy, Bio-Technology and the Mutations of Desire.Luciana Parisi - 2004 - Continuum.
    Astract Sex investigates the impact of advances in contemporary science and information technology on conceptions of sex. Evolutionary theory and the technologies of viral information transfer, cloning and genetic engineering are changing the way we think about human sex, reproduction and the communication of genetic information. Abstract Sex presents a philosophical exploration of this new world of sexual, informatic and capitalist multiplicity, of the accelerated mutation of nature and culture.
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  41. Is sex binary?Alex Byrne - 2018 - Arc Digital (nov 1).
    Response to Anne Fausto-Sterling's New York Times Op-Ed, in which she purports to explain why sex isn't binary.
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  42.  49
    Gelungener Sex.Almut Kristine V. Wedelstaedt - 2020 - Zeitschrift für Praktische Philosophie 7 (1):103-132.
    What is good sex? This question can be evaluated in multiple dimensions, the moral dimension being only one of them. My main thesis in this paper is that a criterion for good sex is whether the participants are on a par with each other. This can be understood as a moral ideal. In order to make this argument, I first explain what is meant by “sex”. This is, on the one hand, to delineate clearly which phenome-na are included in the (...)
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  43. Disability, sex rights and the scope of sexual exclusion.Alida Liberman - 2017 - Journal of Medical Ethics:medethics-2017-104411.
    In response to three papers about sex and disability published in this journal, I offer a critique of existing arguments and a suggestion about how the debate should be reframed going forward. Jacob M. Appel argues that disabled individuals have a right to sex and should receive a special exemption to the general prohibition of prostitution. Ezio Di Nucci and Frej Klem Thomsen separately argue contra Appel that an appeal to sex rights cannot justify such an exemption. I argue that (...)
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  44. Sex and sensibilities in the medieval Problemata tradition : Pietro d'Abano and his readers.Joan Cadden - 2016 - In Pieter De Leemans & Maarten J. F. M. Hoenen (eds.), Between text and tradition: Pietro d'Abano and the reception of pseudo-Aristotle's Problemata Physica in the Middle Ages. Leuven: Leuven University Press.
     
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  45.  13
    Care, sex, net, work: feministische Kämpfe und Kritiken der Gegenwart: Gabriele Winker zum 60. Geburtstag gewidmet.Gabriele Winker, Tanja Carstensen, Melanie Gross & Kathrin Schrader (eds.) - 2016 - Münster: Unrast.
  46. The Sexed Brain: Between Science and Ideology.Catherine Vidal - 2011 - Neuroethics 5 (3):295-303.
    Despite tremendous advances in neuroscience, the topic “brain, sex and gender” remains a matter of misleading interpretations, that go well beyond the bounds of science. In the 19th century, the difference in brain sizes was a major argument to explain the hierarchy between men and women, and was supposed to reflect innate differences in mental capacity. Nowadays, our understanding of the human brain has progressed dramatically with the demonstration of cerebral plasticity. The new brain imaging techniques have revealed the role (...)
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  47. Sex Selection and Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis: A Response to the Ethics Committee of the American Society for Reproductive Medicine.Edgar Dahl & Julian Savulescu - 2000 - Human Reproduction 15 (9):1879-1880.
    In its recent statement 'Sex Selection and Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis', the Ethics Committee of the American Society of Reproductive Medicine concluded that preimplantation genetic diagnosis for sex selection for non-medical reasons should be discouraged because it poses a risk of unwarranted gender bias, social harm, and results in the diversion of medical resources from genuine medical need. We critically examine the arguments presented against sex selection using preimplantation genetic diagnosis. We argue that sex selection should be available, at least within (...)
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  48. Why Sex Is Special: Psychoanalysis against New Materialism.Nathan Gorelick - 2020 - In Russell Sbriglia & Slavoj Žižek (eds.), Subject lessons: Hegel, Lacan, and the future of materialism. Evanston, Illinois: Northwestern University Press.
     
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  49.  8
    Sex, Gender, and Christian Ethics.Lisa Sowle Cahill - 1996 - Cambridge University Press.
    Cahill addresses the ethics of sexuality, marriage, parenthood and family from a feminist Christian standpoint. She wants to reaffirm the traditional unity of sex, love and parenthood, not as an absolute norm, but a guiding framework. The book also develops the significance of New Testament models of community and of moral formation, to argue that the human values associated with sex and family should be embodied in a context of concern for society's poor and marginalized. Roman Catholicism receives special but (...)
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  50.  3
    Sex and Socratic Experimentation.Sisi Chen & George T. Hole - 2010-09-24 - In Fritz Allhoff, Michael Bruce & Robert M. Stewart (eds.), College Sex ‐ Philosophy for Everyone. Wiley‐Blackwell. pp. 15–27.
    This chapter contains sections titled: Where It's At Let's Experiment Hooking Up Closer Up Problems and Socratic Experimentation A Daring Ideal.
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