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History/traditions: Reproductive Ethics

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  1. The Wrong of Eugenic Sterilization.Aleksy Tarasenko-Struc - forthcoming - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry.
    I defend a novel account of the wrong of subjecting people to non-consensual sterilization (NCS), particularly in the context of the state-sponsored eugenics programmes once prevalent in the United States. What makes the eugenic practice of NCS distinctively wrong, I claim, is its dehumanizing core: the fact that it is tantamount to treating people as nonhuman animals, thereby expressing the degrading social meaning that they have the value of animals. The practice of NCS is prima facie seriously wrong partly, but (...)
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  2. Is pregnancy a disease? A normative approach.Anna Smajdor & Joona Räsänen - forthcoming - Journal of Medical Ethics.
    In this paper, we identify some key features of what makes something a disease, and consider whether these apply to pregnancy. We argue that there are some compelling grounds for regarding pregnancy as a disease. Like a disease, pregnancy affects the health of the pregnant person, causing a range of symptoms from discomfort to death. Like a disease, pregnancy can be treated medically. Like a disease, pregnancy is caused by a pathogen, an external organism invading the host’s body. Like a (...)
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  3. Ho klōnos tou anthrōpou: henas epikairos epanelenchos tōn syntagmatikōn ideōn.Philippos K. Vasilogiannēs - 2003 - Athēna: Ekdoseis Ant. N. Sakkoula.
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  4. Procreazione assistita e famiglia nel diritto internazionale.Cristina Campiglio - 2003 - Padova: CEDAM.
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  5. Defending the de dicto approach to the non-identity problem.Joona Räsänen - 2023 - Monash Bioethics Review 41 (2):124-135.
    Is it wrong to create a blind child, for example by in vitro fertilization, if you could create a sighted child instead? Intuitively many people believe it is wrong, but this belief is difficult to justify. When there is a possibility to create and select either ‘blind’ or ‘sighted’ embryos choosing a set of ‘blind’ embryos seems to harm no-one since choosing ‘sighted’ embryos would create a different child altogether. So when the parents choose ‘blind’ embryos, they give some specific (...)
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  6. Antinatalism—Solving everything everywhere all at once?Joona Räsänen & Matti Häyry - 2023 - Bioethics 37 (9):829-830.
  7. Knowledge Regarding Sexual Abuse of Selected University Students of Dhaka City.Sabrina Akhter, Shafquat H. Chowdhury, Turna Mithila & Shamima Parvin Lasker - 2023 - Joj Public Health 7 (5):1-5.
    Introduction: Sexual harassment involves an assortment of coercive behaviors, including physical force, intimidation, and various forms of compulsion, including verbal harassment and forced penetration [1]. Sexual abuse can happen to both men and women. In the United Kingdom(UK), the problem of child sexual abuse (CSA) has epidemic proportions and is a global public health issue [2]. 53,874 incidents were reported under the 2012 Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Act as of 2021 [3]. to their ignorance about puberty, sexuality, and (...)
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  8. Defending the link between ethical veganism and antinatalism.Joona Räsänen - 2023 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 44 (4):415-418.
    In my paper recently published in a collection of controversial arguments in this journal, I argued that the same principles that are behind ethical veganism also warrant antinatalist conclusions. I thus suggested that to be consistent in their ethical reasoning, moral vegans should not have children. William Bülow has kindly responded to my claims and offered a plausible reply, which, according to him, concludes that at least some moral vegans may resist antinatalism. In this short paper, I reply to Bülow.
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  9. Biohacking: Garage Transhumanism.Piero Gayozzo - 2021 - Revista Iberoamericana de Bioética 16:1-17.
    Biohacking is a grass-roots movement that brings the knowledge and experimen-tal practice of biological sciences to a non-specialized public. This article seeks to identify biohacking as a type of transhumanism and not just as a movement influenced by the latter. To do so, it examines the constitution, history, practi-ces, and moral codes of the biohacker movement. Subsequently, it compares the results with the definition of transhumanism, finding points of similarity in the hypotheses of both, as well as an adaptation of (...)
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  10. Empirical bioethics and human enhancement: a methodological proposal.Piero Gayozzo - 2022 - Revista Colombiana de Bioética 17 (2):e3501.
    Purpose/Background. The present research focuses on the debate on transhumanism/bioconservatism from the perspective of empirical bioethics, that is, making use of em-pirical evidence in the process of moral reasoning. Its objective is to propose a metho-dological guide for the approach and resolution of moral problems concerning human enhancement. Methodology/Approach. The method Step-wise Ethical Human Enhancemet (SWEH) is proposed. It is a guide consisting of 11 questions that are the result of the adaptation of the guidelines for identifying a human enhancement (...)
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  11. União homoafetiva feminina e dupla maternidade: a possibilidade jurídica de duas mães e um filho ante as técnicas de reprodução assistida.Ana Amélia Ribeiro Sales - 2014 - Curitiba: Juruá Editora.
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  12. Defending the Impairment Argument.Bruce Philip Blackshaw - forthcoming - Journal of Medical Ethics.
    Kyle van Oosterum and Emma Curran have recently argued that the impairment argument against abortion is weak and accomplishes little. They also claim that impairment fails to explain what makes giving a child fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) immoral, which is an important premise of the argument. Here, I explain that the impairment argument is not as weak as they believe. Further, I argue that impairment offers a superior explanation for what makes giving a child FAS immoral than their proposal based (...)
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  13. Reproductive Ethics: New Challenges and Conversations.Lisa Campo-Engelstein & Paul Burcher (eds.) - 2017 - Springer.
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  14. ʻAqd Ijārat al-raḥim: dirāsah muqāranah.Isrāʼ Jumʻah ʻAbd al-Ḥasan Kaʻb - 2022 - al-Qāhirah: al-Markaz al-ʻArabī lil-Nashr wa-al-Tawzīʻ.
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  15. The Duty to Edit the Human Germline.Parker Crutchfield - 2022 - Res Publica 29 (3):347-365.
    Many people find the manipulation of the human germline—editing the DNA of sperm or egg cells such that these genetic changes are passed to the resulting offspring—to be morally impermissible. In this paper, I argue for the claim that editing the human germline is morally permissible. My argument starts with the claim that outcome uncertainty regarding the effects of germline editing shows that the duty to not harm cannot ground the prohibition of germline editing. Instead, if germline editing is wrong, (...)
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  16. Redefining Paternalistic Practices in Women’s Health: How Patriarchal Biases Affect Medical Autonomy of Female Patients in the Clinical Setting.Lauren O'Dell - 2023 - Dissertation, University of Kentucky
    Utilizing Trudy Govier’s (1997) conception of social trust, this dissertation will provide a framework for understanding trust in healthcare relationships and highlight some of the ways that unequal power distribution and dependency, poorly defined roles, and institutions complicate trust between women and their providers. This framework will also explain how distrust, especially prejudicial distrust, leads to paternalistic attitudes on the part of providers. Paternalism limits patient autonomy because medical autonomy is constitutively relational. This means that insofar as distrust causes paternalism, (...)
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  17. Strafrechtliche Probleme der artifiziellen Insemination in rechtsvergleichender Darstellung unter besonderer Berücksichtigung des englischen und amerikanischen Rechts.Johannes Thiede - 1960 - München,:
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  18. Jinkō jusei no shomondai, sono jittai to hōteki sokumen.Ryūichi Koike - 1960 - Tokyo,: Keiō Oijuku Daigaku Hōgaku Kenkyūkai..
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  19. Animal-Rights Primitivism: A Vital Needs Argument Against Modern Technology.James Schultz - 2023 - Between the Species 26 (1):65-92.
    In this essay, I argue that those who embrace animal rights should also embrace primitivism—the view that humans should abandon modern technology and take up something like hunter-gatherer technology instead. I call my view “animal-rights primitivism” to distinguish it from human-centered arguments for primitivism. In particular, I employ a vital-needs framework to make my argument. I argue that hunter-gatherer technology is the least harmful kind of technology, it is sufficient to meet human vital needs, and it is possible for humans (...)
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  20. A procriação artificial: aspectos jurídicos.Paula Martinho da Silva - 1986 - [Lisboa?]: Moraes.
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  21. Menneske, natur og fødselsteknologi: verdivalg og rettslig regulering.Anne Hellum, Aslak Syse & Henriette Sinding Aasen (eds.) - 1990 - Oslo: Ad Notam.
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  22. Manipulações biológicas e princípios constitucionais: uma introdução.Sergio Ferraz - 1991 - Porto Alegre: S.A. Fabris.
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  23. Imaculada concepção: nascendo in vitro e morrendo in machina.Maria Celeste Cordeiro Leite dos Santos - 1993 - São Paulo: Editora Acadêmica.
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  24. La fecundación in vitro y la filiación.Maricruz Gómez de la Torre Vargas - 1993 - Santiago de Chile: Editorial Jurídica de Chile.
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  25. Procreer hors la loi: loi civile, loi morale et loi canonique face à la nouvelle procreation.Marco Ventura - 1994 - Strasbourg: Cerdic-Publications.
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  26. Código de leyes sobre genética.Romeo Casabona & Carlos María (eds.) - 1997 - Bilbao: Diputación Foral de Bizkaia.
    La obra incluye legislación de quince países, así como diversos documentos de la ONU, la UNESCO, el Consejo de Europa, la Unión Europea, Comités Nacionales de Ética, dictámenes y resoluciones de Instituciones Internacionales, jurisprudencia española y una selección bibliográfica con unas 1.300 referencias, clasificada por materias. Algunas leyes nacionales y los documentos del Consejo de Europa se publican traducidos al español y en su idioma original, cuando éste se ha considerado fácilmente asequible, con el fin de facilitar el acceso a (...)
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  27. Pravo na roditeljstvo.Slobodan Panov - 1998 - Beograd: Savet projekta Konstituisanje Srbije kao pravne države.
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  28. La procreazione artificiale come libertà costituzionale.Carlo Magnani - 1999 - Urbino: Quattro venti.
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  29. Reproduktivna prava i slobode pravo na nerađanje.Slobodanka Konstantinović-Vilić - 1999 - Niš: Ženski istraživački centar za edukaciju i komunikaciju. Edited by Nevena Petrušić.
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  30. Clonar?: etica y derecho ante la clonación humana.Vicente Bellver Capella - 2000 - Granada: Ministerio de Sanidad y Consumo.
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  31. Clonage humain: droits et sociétés: étude franco-chinoise.Mireille Delmas-Marty & Naigen Zhang (eds.) - 2002 - Paris: Société de législation comparée.
    v. 1. Introduction -- v. 2. Comparaison -- v. 3. Conclusion.
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  32. Bioética e direitos humanos.Reinaldo Pereira E. Silva & Fernanda Brandão Lapa (eds.) - 2002 - Florianópolis, SC: OAB/SC Editora.
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  33. Conference Abstract: Vergleichende ethische Bewertung von Genom- und Epigenomeditierung als experimentelle reproduktionsmedizinische Technologien: Natürlichkeit, Personenbezogenheit, Vererbbarkeit (Conference Abstract).Karla Alex - 2022 - In-Vitro-Gametogenese (Ivg) Und Artifizieller Uterus (au) – Problemauslöser Oder Problemlöser? Ethische, Soziale Und Rechtliche Aspekte Zukünftiger Reproduktionsmedizinischer Verfahren. Abstractband I.
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  34. Ren lei pei tai gan xi bao yan jiu de fa lü gui ze.Xu Zhao - 2011 - Shanghai: Shanghai ren min chu ban she.
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  35. Fu zhu sheng zhi ji shu ying yong zhong de re dian fa lü wen ti yan jiu =.Yuxia Xing - 2012 - Beijing: Zhongguo zheng fa da xue chu ban she.
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  36. Theologically Motivated Conversion Therapy and Care Epistemology.Steven Steyl - 2022 - In Inge van Nistelrooij, Maureen Sander-Staudt & Maurice Hamington (eds.), Care Ethics, Religion, and Spiritual Traditions. Peeters. pp. 211-242.
  37. al-Istinsākh, qatl al-shafaqah, kirāʼ al-arḥām: qaḍāyā ṭibbīiyah muʻāṣirah ʻalá ḍawʼ akhlāqīyāt mihnat al-ṭibb wa-al-adyān wa-al-qawānīn al-waḍʻīyah.Muḥammad Miftāḥ - 2012 - Manūbah [Tunisia]: Markaz al-Nashr al-Jāmiʻī.
    Medicine; religious aspects; laws and legislations.
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  38. Personhood revisited: reproductive technology, bioethics, religion and the law.Howard Wilbur Jones - 2012 - Minneapolis, MN: Langdon Street Press.
    Howard W. Jones, Jr.'s Personhood Revisited chronicles reproductive technology's debate-evoking history meanwhile exploring the ongoing moral dilemmas of the twenty-first century, including: personhood, in vitro fertilization, conjugal love, eugenics, cloning, stem cell research, and more. Balanced readings on each reproductive topic represent conflicting viewpoints from legal, religious, and scientific perspectives. And Jones' personal experiences, such as meetings with the Vatican, add a unique look into the highly political yet benevolent world of reproductive medicine. Author Howard W. Jones, Jr., alongside Robert (...)
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  39. Reproductive ethics in clinical practice: Preventing, initiating and managing pregnancy and delivery. Essays inspired by the MacLean Center for Clinical Medical Ethics Lecture Series. Chor, Julie and Watson, Katie. New York: Oxford University Press, 2021. 261 pp. $29.95 (Paperback), $99.00 (Hardcover). [REVIEW]Anne Drapkin Lyerly - 2022 - Bioethics 36 (9):999-1000.
    Bioethics, Volume 36, Issue 9, Page 999-1000, November 2022.
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  40. Seishoku iryō to ijihō =.Katsunori Kai (ed.) - 2014 - Tōkyō: Shinzansha.
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  41. Aspects légaux et éthiques du commencement de la vie.Anne-Marie Duguet (ed.) - 2015 - Bordeaux: LEH édition.
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  42. Bunūk al-nuṭaf wa-al-ajinnah wa-tahdīd jins al-janīn: dirāsah muqāranah bayna al-fiqh al-Islāmī wa-al-qānūn al-waḍʻī.Faraj Muḥammad Muḥammad Sālim - 2017 - ʻAmmān, al-Urdun: al-Warrāq lil-Nashr wa-al-Tawzīʻ.
    Human reproductive technology; law and legislation; religious aspects; Islam.
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  43. Assisted reproduction and conflict in rights.G. K. Goswami - 2017 - New Delhi, India: Satyam Law International.
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  44. Kelong ren ji shu li fa de xian fa jie xian.Fanzhuang Meng - 2018 - Shanghai: Shanghai ren min chu ban she.
    克隆人技术的发展给人类带来便利的同时,对宪法上的生命价值、人的尊严、社会和家庭秩序构成强烈冲击,需要积极予以立法应对。克隆人技术立法过程中,应以宪法上的生命与人的尊严为价值基础,遵循法律保留原则、民主 参与原则和比例原则的要求,在相互冲突的宪法价值中寻求合理的平衡。展望未来,我国应当以生命和人的尊严为价值基础建构刑法与行政法规制相结合的法律规制体系。.
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  45. Procréation assistée et filiation: AMP et GPA au prisme du droit, des sciences sociales et de la philosophie: actes du colloque.Marie-Xavière Catto, Kathia Martin-Chenut & Elodie Bertrand (eds.) - 2019 - Paris: Éditions Mare & Martin.
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  46. Madá mashrūʻīyat taʼjīr al-arḥām fī al-qānūn wa-al-sharīʻah al-Islāmīyah.ʻAdhrāʼ Muḥammad Sāmarrāʼī - 2020 - ʻAmmān: Dār Wāʼil lil-Nashr wa-al-Tawzīʻ.
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  47. al-Injāb al-ṭibbī bayna al-ibāḥah wa-al-tajrīm: dirāsah muqāranah bayna al-tashrīʻ al-Miṣrī wa-al-Faransī wa-al-Injilīzī wa-al-Amrīkī wa-al-Īṭālī wa-al-Almānī.Muṣṭafá Saʻdāwī - 2020 - al-Shāriqah: Maktabat Kunūz al-Maʻrifah lil-Nashr wa-al-Tawzīʻ.
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  48. Le droit de la filiation face aux évolutions de l'assistance médicale à la procréation.Clotilde Brunetti-Pons (ed.) - 2021 - Paris: Editions Mare & Martin.
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  49. Epigenetics, Harm, and Identity.Joona Räsänen & Anna Smajdor - 2022 - American Journal of Bioethics 22 (9):40-42.
    Robert Sparrow argues that genome editing is unlikely to be person-affecting for the foreseeable future and, as a result, will neither benefit nor harm edited individuals. We regard Sparrow’...
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  50. Gibt es einen therapeutischen Imperativ zum genome editing in der menschlichen Keimbahn? [Is there a therapeutic imperative for editing the human germline genome? / Existe-t-il un impératif thérapeutique à l'édition du génome dans la lignée germinale humaine].Karla Alex & Christoph Rehmann-Sutter - 2022 - URPP Human Reproduction Reloaded | H2R (University of Zurich), Working Paper Series, 05/2022. Zurich and Geneva: Seismo 1 (5):1-21.
    Abstract: This working paper focuses on the question whether there is a therapeutic imperative that, in specific situations, would oblige us to perform genome editing at the germline level in the context of assisted reproduction. The answer to this central question is discussed primarily with reference to specific scenarios where preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) does not represent an acceptable alternative to germline genome editing based on either medical, or ethical, or – from the perspective of the potential parents – moral (...)
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