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Subcategories:History/traditions: Reproductive Ethics

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  1. Theologically Motivated Conversion Therapy and Care Epistemology.Steven Steyl - 2022 - In Inge van Nistelrooij, Maureen Sander-Staudt & Maurice Hamington (eds.), Care Ethics, Religion, and Spiritual Traditions. Peeters. pp. 211-242.
  2. al-Istinsākh, qatl al-shafaqah, kirāʼ al-arḥām: qaḍāyā ṭibbīiyah muʻāṣirah ʻalá ḍawʼ akhlāqīyāt mihnat al-ṭibb wa-al-adyān wa-al-qawānīn al-waḍʻīyah.Muḥammad Miftāḥ - 2012 - Manūbah [Tunisia]: Markaz al-Nashr al-Jāmiʻī.
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  3. Personhood revisited: reproductive technology, bioethics, religion and the law.Howard W. Jones - 2012 - Minneapolis, MN: Langdon Street Press.
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  4. Reproductive ethics in clinical practice: Preventing, initiating and managing pregnancy and delivery. Essays inspired by the MacLean Center for Clinical Medical Ethics Lecture Series. Chor, Julie and Watson, Katie. New York: Oxford University Press, 2021. 261 pp. $29.95 (Paperback), $99.00 (Hardcover). [REVIEW]Anne Drapkin Lyerly - 2022 - Bioethics 36 (9):999-1000.
    Bioethics, Volume 36, Issue 9, Page 999-1000, November 2022.
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  5. Seishoku iryō to ijihō =.Katsunori Kai (ed.) - 2014 - Tōkyō: Shinzansha.
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  6. Aspects légaux et éthiques du commencement de la vie.Anne-Marie Duguet (ed.) - 2015 - Bordeaux: LEH édition.
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  7. Gamete donation: anti-anonymity does not equate to anti-donation.Daniel Groll - 2022 - Human Reproduction Open 1 (4).
    What is the relationship between the position that anonymous gamete donation is wrong (i.e. the anti-anonymity position) and the position that all gamete donation is wrong (i.e. the anti-donation position)? Some argue that people who accept the anti-anonymity position should also accept the anti-donation position on the grounds that the two positions share the same main arguments. But that’s not true. One argument in favor of anti-anonymity does not generate genuine dialectical pressure to accept the anti-donation position. The other anti-anonymity (...)
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  8. Bunūk al-nuṭaf wa-al-ajinnah wa-tahdīd jins al-janīn: dirāsah muqāranah bayna al-fiqh al-Islāmī wa-al-qānūn al-waḍʻī.Faraj Muḥammad Muḥammad Sālim - 2017 - ʻAmmān, al-Urdun: al-Warrāq lil-Nashr wa-al-Tawzīʻ.
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  9. Assisted reproduction and conflict in rights.G. K. Goswami - 2017 - New Delhi, India: Satyam Law International.
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  10. Kelong ren ji shu li fa de xian fa jie xian.Fanzhuang Meng - 2018 - Shanghai: Shanghai ren min chu ban she.
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  11. Procréation assistée et filiation: AMP et GPA au prisme du droit, des sciences sociales et de la philosophie: actes du colloque.Marie-Xavière Catto, Kathia Martin-Chenut & Elodie Bertrand (eds.) - 2019 - Paris: Éditions Mare & Martin.
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  12. Madá mashrūʻīyat taʼjīr al-arḥām fī al-qānūn wa-al-sharīʻah al-Islāmīyah.ʻAdhrāʼ Muḥammad Sāmarrāʼī - 2020 - ʻAmmān: Dār Wāʼil lil-Nashr wa-al-Tawzīʻ.
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  13. al-Injāb al-ṭibbī bayna al-ibāḥah wa-al-tajrīm: dirāsah muqāranah bayna al-tashrīʻ al-Miṣrī wa-al-Faransī wa-al-Injilīzī wa-al-Amrīkī wa-al-Īṭālī wa-al-Almānī.Muṣṭafá Saʻdāwī - 2020 - al-Shāriqah: Maktabat Kunūz al-Maʻrifah lil-Nashr wa-al-Tawzīʻ.
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  14. Le droit de la filiation face aux évolutions de l'assistance médicale à la procréation.Clotilde Brunetti-Pons (ed.) - 2021 - Paris: Editions Mare & Martin.
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  15. The Duty to Edit the Human Germline.Parker Crutchfield - forthcoming - Res Publica:1-19.
    Many people find the manipulation of the human germline—editing the DNA of sperm or egg cells such that these genetic changes are passed to the resulting offspring—to be morally impermissible. In this paper, I argue for the claim that editing the human germline is morally permissible. My argument starts with the claim that outcome uncertainty regarding the effects of germline editing shows that the duty to not harm cannot ground the prohibition of germline editing. Instead, if germline editing is wrong, (...)
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  16. Epigenetics, Harm, and Identity.Joona Räsänen & Anna Smajdor - 2022 - American Journal of Bioethics 22 (9):40-42.
    Robert Sparrow argues that genome editing is unlikely to be person-affecting for the foreseeable future and, as a result, will neither benefit nor harm edited individuals. We regard Sparrow’...
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  17. Gibt es einen therapeutischen Imperativ zum genome editing in der menschlichen Keimbahn? [Is there a therapeutic imperative for editing the human germline genome? / Existe-t-il un impératif thérapeutique à l'édition du génome dans la lignée germinale humaine].Karla Alex & Christoph Rehmann-Sutter - 2022 - URPP Human Reproduction Reloaded | H2R (University of Zurich), Working Paper Series, 05/2022. Zurich and Geneva: Seismo 1 (5):1-21.
    Abstract: This working paper focuses on the question whether there is a therapeutic imperative that, in specific situations, would oblige us to perform genome editing at the germline level in the context of assisted reproduction. The answer to this central question is discussed primarily with reference to specific scenarios where preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) does not represent an acceptable alternative to germline genome editing based on either medical, or ethical, or – from the perspective of the potential parents – moral (...)
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  18. Reproductive Embryo Editing: Attending to Justice.Inmaculada De Melo-Martín - 2022 - Hastings Center Report 52 (4):26-33.
    The use of genome embryo editing tools in reproduction is often touted as a way to ensure the birth of healthy and genetically related children. Many would agree that this is a worthy goal. The purpose of this paper is to argue that, if we are concerned with justice, accepting such goal as morally appropriate commits one to rejecting the development of embryo editing for reproductive purposes. This is so because safer and more effective means exist that can allow many (...)
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  19. Who should have access to assisted gestative technologies?Joona Räsänen - 2022 - Journal of Medical Ethics 48 (7):447-447.
    Romanis has written another interesting and important paper on reproductive ethics entitled assisted gestative technologies.1 In this short commentary, I continue the discussion on the question of who should have access to AGTs. This commentary should not be understood as a critical reply but as a friendly extension of one of the paper’s themes. I am not trying to solve the question of who should have access to these technologies but I put forth some groundwork for future work. Romanis calls (...)
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  20. The Art of Medicine: From small beginnings: to build an anti-eugenic future.Benedict Ipgrave, Miroslava Chavez-Garcia, Marcy Darnovsky, Subhadra Das, Charlene Galarneau, Rosemarie Garland-Thomson, Nora Ellen Groce, Tony Platt, Milton Reynolds, Marius Turda & Robert A. Wilson - 2022 - The Lancet 10339 (399):1934-1935.
    Short overview of the From Small Beginnings Project and its relevance for resisting eugenics in contemporary society.
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  21. The Ethical and Legal Consequences of Posthumous Reproduction: Arrogance, Avarice and Anguish.Browne Lewis - 2016 - Milton Park, Abingdon, Oxon [UK] ; New York, NY: Routledge.
    Posthumous reproduction refers to the procedure that enables a child to be conceived using the gametes of a dead person. Advances in reproductive technology mean it is now possible to assist in creating a life after you die, and in recent years the number of women who have attempted to get pregnant using posthumous reproduction has increased. However, the law in many jurisdictions has not put regulations in place to deal with the ethical and legal consequences that arise as a (...)
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  22. David Benatarʼs Argument from Asymmetry: A Qualified Defence.Oliver Hallich - 2022 - Journal of Value Inquiry 56 (1):5-19.
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  23. Misconceived: Why These Further Criticisms of Anti-natalism Fail.David Benatar - 2022 - Journal of Value Inquiry 56 (1):119-151.
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  24. The Indefensible Self-Defense Argument.Howard Hewitt - 2022 - Journal of Ethics and Social Philosophy 21 (2).
    The self-defense argument maintains that, even if a fetus is a person, abortion on demand is morally permissible on the grounds that the fetus is using his mother’s body in an intimate way, and, in an unwanted pregnancy, without her ongoing consent. According to the argument, this sort of use justifies lethal self-defense on the part of the mother against her unwanted fetus. I produce a counterexample to one of the premises of this argument and show that it cannot be (...)
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  25. The Rhetoric of Sexual Difference in French Reproductive Politics.Jill Drouillard - 2021 - Culture and Dialogue 2 (9):225-242.
    What kind of rhetoric frames French reproductive policy debate? Who does such policies exclude? Through an examination of the “American import” of gender studies, along with an analysis of France’s Catholic heritage and secular politics, I argue that an unwavering belief in sexual difference as the foundation of French society defines the productive reproductive citizen. Sylviane Agacinski is perhaps the most vocal public philosopher who has framed the terms of reproductive policy debate in France, building an oppositional platform to reproductive (...)
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  26. Heavenly Procreation.Blake Hereth - forthcoming - Faith and Philosophy.
    Kenneth Einar Himma (2009, 2016) argues that the existence of Hell renders procreation impermissible. Jason Marsh (2015) contends that problems of evil motivate anti-natalism. Anti-natalism is principally rejected for its perceived conflict with reproductive rights. I propose a theistic solution to the latter problem. Universalism says that all persons will, postmortem, eventually be eternally housed in Heaven, a superbly good place wherein harm is fully absent. The acceptance of universalism is now widespread, but I offer further reason to embrace one (...)
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  27. Why iBlastoids (Embryo-like Structures) Do Not Raise Significant Ethical Issues.Alberto Molina-Pérez & Aníbal Monasterio Astobiza - 2022 - American Journal of Bioethics 22 (1):59-61.
    Most technology is used properly for their intended purpose, but certain technological breakthroughs have a dual-use nature, pose risks or lead to unintended consequences when applied in some areas...
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  28. Human embryo genetic editing: hope or pipe dream?Inmaculada de Melo-Martin & Zev Rosenwaks - 2021 - Fertility and Sterility 116 (1):25-26.
    Ethically sound analyses of embryo genetic editing require more than simple assessments of safety considerations. After all, we as humans care deeply not only about our health, but also care profoundly about the kinds of societies we construct, the injustices that our actions produce, the responsibilities that we have toward others and ourselves, our self-understanding, the characters that we develop, our family relationships, and the world that we leave to our children and grandchildren.
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  29. Infant feeding and the energy transition: A comparison between decarbonising breastmilk substitutes with renewable gas and achieving the global nutrition target for breastfeeding.Aoife Long, Kian Mintz-Woo, Hannah Daly, Maeve O'Connell, Beatrice Smyth & Jerry D. Murphy - 2021 - Journal of Cleaner Production 324:129280.
    Highlights: -/- • Breastfeeding and breastfeeding support can contribute to mitigating climate change. • Achieving global nutrition targets will save more emissions than fuel-switching. • Breastfeeding support programmes support a just transition. • This work can support the expansion of mitigation options in energy system models. -/- Abstract: -/- Renewable gas has been proposed as a solution to decarbonise industrial processes, specifically heat demand. As part of this effort, the breast-milk substitutes industry is proposing to use renewable gas as a (...)
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  30. The Defective Character Solution to the Non-identity Problem.Ben Bramble - 2021 - Journal of Philosophy 118 (9):504-520.
    The non-identity problem is that some actions seem morally wrong even though, by affecting future people’s identities, they are worse for nobody. In this paper, I further develop and defend a lesser-known solution to the problem, one according to which when such actions are wrong, it is not because of what they do or produce, but rather just because of why they were performed. In particular, I argue that the actions in non-identity cases are wrong just when and because they (...)
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  31. The Right to Reproduce.Carolyn McLeod - forthcoming - In Wendy A. Rogers, Catherine Mills & Jackie Leach Scully (eds.), Routledge Handbook of Feminist Bioethics. New York, NY, USA: Routledge.
    The reproductive rights of women have been a central topic in feminist bioethics. The focus has been predominantly on the right not to reproduce, and so not to be subject to pronatalist social forces that make motherhood compulsory for women. That is the case despite many women and other members of marginalized groups experiencing anti-natalism, or in other words, social pressure to avoid biological reproduction. For these groups, the right to reproduce is as important, if not more important, than the (...)
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  32. Meaning and Medicine: An Underexplored Bioethical Value.Thaddeus Metz - 2021 - Ethik in der Medizin 33 (4):439-453.
    In this article, part of a special issue on meaning in life and medical ethics, I argue that several issues encountered in a bioethical context are not adequately addressed only with values such as morality and welfare. I maintain, more specifically, that the value of what makes a life meaningful is essential to being able to provide conclusive judgements about which decisions to make. After briefly indicating how meaningfulness differs from rightness and happiness, I point out how it is plausibly (...)
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  33. Reproductive Ethics and Family.Oskar Neyra - 2021 - Voices in Bioethics 7.
    Photo by Christian Bowen on Unsplash ABSTRACT Assisted Reproductive Technology can be a beneficial tool for couples unable to reproduce independently; however, it has historically discriminated against the LGBTQ+ community members. Given the evolution and acceptance of LGBTQ rights in recent years, discrimination and barriers to access reproductive technology and health care should be readdressed as they still exist within this community. INTRODUCTION In recent years, the LGBTQ+ community has made great strides toward attaining equal rights. This fight dates back (...)
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  34. Whose Ethics? Making Reproductive Ethics More Inclusive and Just.Sonya Charles - 2019 - Janus Head 17 (1):93-122.
    As the field of assisted-reproductive technology progresses, bioethicists continue to debate whether and how the availability of this technology creates new moral duties for parents-to-be. It is rare for these debates to seriously engage with questions related to race and class. Camisha Russell asks us to move race from the margins to the center of our discussions of reproductive ethics. She argues that this shift can work as a kind of corrective that will lead to better theory. In this paper, (...)
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  35. Conscientious objection to abortion in the developing world: The correspondence argument.Himani Bhakuni & Lucas Miotto - 2021 - Developing World Bioethics 21 (2):90-95.
    In this paper we extend Heidi Hurd’s “correspondence thesis” to the termination of pregnancy debate and argue that the same reasons that determine the permissibility of abortion also determine the justifiability of acts involving conscientious objection against its performance. Essentially, when abortion is morally justified, acts that prevent or obstruct it are morally unjustified. Therefore, despite conscientious objection being legally permitted in some global south countries, we argue that such permission to conscientiously object would be morally wrong in cases of (...)
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  36. Justified Asymmetries: Positive and Negative Claims to Conscience in Reproductive Health Care.Carolyn McLeod - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (8):60-62.
    A peer commentary on an AJOB article by Kyle Fritz called "Unjustified Asymmetry: Positive Claims of Conscience and Heartbeat Bills.".
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  37. Contraception in Research: A Policy Suggestion.Toby L. Schonfeld & Bruce G. Gordon - 2005 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 27 (2):15.
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  38. Misunderstanding in Clinical Research: Distinguishing Therapeutic Misconception, Therapeutic Misestimation, & Therapeutic Optimism.Sam Horng & Christine Grady - 2003 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 25 (1):11.
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  39. Abortion and Fetal Tissue Transplantation.Douglas K. Martin - 1993 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 15 (3):1.
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  40. Bill to Resume Federal Funding of Fetal Tissue Transplantation Is Damaging to Women.Dorothy E. Vawter, Karen G. Gervais & Warren Kearney - 1991 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 13 (5):11.
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  41. The Use of Aborted Fetal Tissue in Research: A Rebuttal.James Tunstead Burtchaell - 1989 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 11 (2):9.
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  42. A Response to Burtchaell: I: The Ethics of Using Human Fetal Tissue.Benjamin Freedman - 1988 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 10 (6):1.
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  43. University Policy on Experimental Use of Aborted Fetal Tissue.James Tunstead Burtchaell - 1988 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 10 (4):7.
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  44. University Policy on Experimental Use of Aborted Fetal Tissue.Burtchaell James Tunstead - 1988 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 10 (4):7.
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  45. Choice in Fertility Preservation in Girls and Adolescent Women with Cancer.Jeff Nisker, Françoise Baylis & Carolyn McLeod - 2006 - Cancer 107 (S7):1686-1689.
    With the cure rate for many pediatric malignancies now between 70% and 90%, infertility becomes an increasingly important issue. Strategies for preserving fertility in girls and adolescent women occur in two distinct phases. The first phase includes oophorectomy and cryopreservation of ovarian cortex slices or individual oocytes; ultrasound-guided needle aspiration of oocytes, with or without in vitro maturation, followed by cryopreservation; and ovarian autografting to a distant site. The second phase occurs if the woman chooses to pursue pregnancy, and includes (...)
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  46. Affecting future individuals: Why and when germline genome editing entails a greater moral obligation towards progeny.Davide Battisti - 2021 - Bioethics:1-9.
    Assisted reproductive technologies have greatly increased our control over reproductive choices, leading some bioethicists to argue that we face unprecedented moral obligations towards progeny. Several models attempting to balance the principle of procreative autonomy with these obligations have been proposed. The least demanding is the minimal threshold model (MTM), according to which every reproductive choice is permissible, except creating children whose lives will not be worth living. Hence, as long as the future child is likely to have a life worth (...)
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  47. If fetuses are persons, abortion is a public health crisis.Bruce Blackshaw & Daniel Rodger - 2021 - Bioethics 35 (5):465-472.
    Pro-life advocates commonly argue that fetuses have the moral status of persons, and an accompanying right to life, a view most pro-choice advocates deny. A difficulty for this pro-life position has been Judith Jarvis Thomson’s violinist analogy, in which she argues that even if the fetus is a person, abortion is often permissible because a pregnant woman is not obliged to continue to offer her body as life support. Here, we outline the moral theories underlying public health ethics, and examine (...)
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  48. Conscientious refusals to provide reproductive health care: Carolyn McLeod: Conscience in reproductive health care: prioritizing patient interests. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2020, 224 pp, £40.00 HB.Carolyn Mason - 2020 - Metascience 30 (1):131-134.
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  49. Gamete Donation, the Responsibility Objection, and Procreative Responsibilities.Reuven Brandt - 2021 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 38 (1):88-103.
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  50. Legal and Ethical Analysis of Advertising for Elective Egg Freezing.Michelle J. Bayefsky - 2020 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 48 (4):748-764.
    This paper reviews common advertising claims by egg freezing companies and evaluates the medical evidence behind those claims. It then surveys legal standards for truth in advertising, including FTC and FDA regulations and the First Amendment right to free speech. Professional standards for medical advertising, such as guidelines published by the American Society for Reproductive Medicine, the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, and the American Medical Association, are also summarized. A number of claims, many of which relate to the (...)
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