Results for 'Tom Heyman'

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  1.  17
    Schoolchildren’s transitive reasoning with the spatial relation ‘is left/right of’.Kevin Demiddele, Tom Heyman & Walter Schaeken - forthcoming - Thinking and Reasoning:1-31.
    We examine schoolchildren’s reasoning with spatial relations, such as ‘is to the left of’. Our aims are to obtain a more precise account of the effect of working memory on reasoning, a more detaile...
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  2.  92
    Two Dogmas of (Modern) Aristotle Scholarship.Tom Angier - 2019 - Ancient Philosophy Today 1 (2):237-255.
    Two dogmas lie at the heart of modern work on Aristotle's ethical theory. The first is that that theory is essentially secular or non-theistic. The second is that Aristotle's ethics assumes what Gr...
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  3.  6
    Aristotle on work.Tom Angier - 2017 - Revue Internationale de Philosophie 278 (4):435-449.
    I begin by detailing the semantic range of the English terms ‘work’ and ‘labour’, in comparison with that of their closest Greek equivalents. Narrowing matters down to work in the sense of ‘occupation’, what is striking about Aristotle, I maintain, is his willingness to sort occupations into a hierarchy. This hierarchy is fourfold. At the bottom we have servile work, which is directed at life’s ‘necessities’, and is founded on mere habit. Then we have technē or skilled work, which typically (...)
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  4. Ethical Theory and Business.Tom L. Beauchamp & Norman E. Bowie - 1981 - Ethics 91 (3):525-530.
     
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  5. Agent-neutral deontology.Tom Dougherty - 2013 - Philosophical Studies 163 (2):527-537.
    According to the “Textbook View,” there is an extensional dispute between consequentialists and deontologists, in virtue of the fact that only the latter defend “agent-relative” principles—principles that require an agent to have a special concern with making sure that she does not perform certain types of action. I argue that, contra the Textbook View, there are agent-neutral versions of deontology. I also argue that there need be no extensional disagreement between the deontologist and consequentialist, as characterized by the Textbook View.
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  6.  28
    Analytic Philosophy and the Hegelian Turn.Tom Rockmore - 2001 - Review of Metaphysics 55 (2):339 - 370.
    THE BEGINNING OF THE NEW CENTURY provides a good time to reflect on the most influential philosophers of this period, or those most likely to survive, or again whom we should be reading in a hundred years. The answer one gives to this type of question obviously depends on what one thinks philosophy is about. I would like to suggest that at the beginning of the new century, at the start of the new millennium, the philosopher we will and should (...)
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  7.  23
    Plato and Aristotle on Virtue and Practical Reason.Tom Angier - 2021 - In Christoph Halbig & Felix Timmermann (eds.), Handbuch Tugend Und Tugendethik. Wiesbaden: Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden. pp. 147-163.
    In this chapter, I argue that Plato and Aristotle provide analyses of virtue and practical reason that are strongly shaped by the structure of the technai. Socrates assimilates virtue to skill, while Aristotle assimilates practical reason to a means-end technique. While both philosophers are sensitive to the problems these technē models generate, and try either to escape or to remedy them, they nonetheless remain under the impress of those models. I end by drawing a general lesson from this fascinating episode (...)
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  8.  23
    A Short Commentary on Allen Alvarez’s Case: Protecting Intellectual Property Versus Making Essential Medicines Affordable: A Case of Weighing Long-Term Versus Short-Term Interests?Tom Andreassen - 2013 - Asian Bioethics Review 5 (4):374-375.
  9.  18
    Virtue Ethics. Critical Concepts in Philosophy.Tom Angier (ed.) - 2018 - Routledge.
    Explorations about and around the ethics of virtue dominated philosophical thinking in the ancient world, and recent moral philosophy has seen a massive revival of interest in virtue ethics as a rival to Kantian and utilitarian approaches. To help users make sense of the gargantuan--and, often, dauntingly complex--body of literature on the subject, this new four-volume collection is the latest addition to Routledge's acclaimed Critical Concepts in Philosophy series. The editor has carefully assembled classic contributions, as well as more recent (...)
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  10.  25
    Seeing the forest for the trees: Scene perception and the admissible contents of perceptual Experience.Tom McClelland - 2021 - Philosophy and the Mind Sciences 2:1-27.
    Debates surrounding the high-level contents of perceptual experience focus on whether weperceive the high-level properties of visual objects, such as the property of being a pine tree. Thispaper considers instead whether we perceive the high-level properties of visual scenes, such asthe property of being a forest. Liberals about the contents of perceptual experience have offered avariety of phenomenal contrast cases designed to reveal how the high-level properties of objectsfigure in our visual experience. I offer a series of equivalent phenomenal contrast (...)
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  11.  31
    Forcing materialism upon metaphysics: Three approaches to Adorno's method.Tom Whyman - 2018 - European Journal of Philosophy 27 (2):484-499.
    European Journal of Philosophy, EarlyView.
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  12.  56
    Experimental philosophy and the history of philosophy.Tom Sorell - 2018 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 26 (5):829-849.
    Contemporary experimental philosophers sometimes use versions of an argument from the history of philosophy to defend the claim that what they do is philosophy. Although experimental philosophers conduct surveys and carry out what appear to be experiments in psychology, making them methodologically different from most analytic philosophers working today, techniques like theirs were not out of the ordinary in the philosophy of the past, early modern philosophy in particular. Or so some of them argue. This paper disputes the argument, citing (...)
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  13.  32
    The Obligation to Provide Information where Valid Consent is Not Needed.Tom Walker - 2017 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 27 (4):501-524.
    Within medical ethics it is widely agreed both that it would be morally wrong to give a competent patient medical treatment without his consent, and that for his agreement to treatment to constitute valid consent it needs to meet certain criteria. In illustrating why these requirements are needed it is common to use treatments that involve a healthcare professional doing something to the patient's body—for example, performing surgery, giving an injection, or taking a blood sample or swab (see, for example, (...)
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  14.  15
    Two sorts of philosophical therapy: Ordinary language philosophy, social criticism and the Frankfurt school.Tom Whyman - forthcoming - Philosophy and Social Criticism.
    In a recent article, Fabian Freyenhagen argues that we should understand first-generation Frankfurt School critical theory (in particular, the work of Adorno and Horkheimer) as being defined by a kind of ‘linguistic turn’ analogous to one present in the later Wittgenstein. Here, I elaborate on this hypothesis – initially by calling it into question, by detailing Herbert Marcuse’s extensive criticisms of Wittgenstein (and other analytic philosophers of language) in One-Dimensional Man. While Marcuse is harshly critical of analytic ordinary language philosophy, (...)
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  15.  81
    Aristotle and the Charge of Egoism.Tom Peter Stephen Angier - 2018 - Journal of Value Inquiry 52 (4):457-475.
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  16.  73
    Rethinking the ethics of research involving nonhuman animals: introduction.Tom L. Beauchamp, Hope R. Ferdowsian & John P. Gluck - 2014 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 35 (2):91-96.
    In the relatively short time since 2006—when Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics published an issue on moral issues relevant to the use of nonhuman animals in research [1]—significant changes have occurred for nonhuman animals in many quarters. Public sentiment, new policy initiatives, and scientific studies of nonhuman animals’ capacities have all influenced the ways in which nonhuman animals are perceived and treated in research. Today, a large body of information is available for use in decision making about the acceptability of using (...)
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  17. Hegel, analytic philosophy and realism.Tom Rockmore - 2002 - Hegel-Studien 37:123-138.
     
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  18. Herméneutique et épistémologie. Gadamer entre Heidegge et Hegel.Tom Rockmore - 1990 - Archives de Philosophie 53 (4):547.
     
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  19.  29
    On the malleability of automatic attentional biases: Effects of feature-specific attention allocation.Tom Everaert, Adriaan Spruyt & Jan De Houwer - 2013 - Cognition and Emotion 27 (3):385-400.
  20.  38
    Critique is a thing of this world: Towards a genealogy of critique.Tom Boland - 2014 - History of the Human Sciences 27 (1):108-123.
    Although Foucault was clearly a critical thinker, his approach also provides for the possibility of a genealogy of critique. Such an approach problematizes critique, and I trace the emergent problematization of critique in Foucault’s later works, and briefly in Latour and Boltanski. From this I move on to the ‘critical problematic’, that is, how critique operates as a form of power/knowledge, as a discourse that creates subjects through a critical regime of truth and critical truth-games. Specifically, I argue that critique (...)
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  21.  6
    Die Entstehung der Welt: Studien zum Straßburger Empedokles-Papyrus.Tom Wellmann - 2020 - De Gruyter.
    Die Entdeckung des Straßburger Empedokles-Papyrus und seine 1999 erfolgte Publikation war für die Erforschung der antiken Philosophie ein einzigartiger Glücksfall. Die neu hinzugekommenen Texte ergänzten die fragmentarische Überlieferung von Empedokles’ naturphilosophischem Lehrgedicht Physika (so der in der Antike gebräuchliche Titel) an entscheidenden Stellen. Allerdings wurde das Potenzial des Papyrus zur Klärung ungelöster Interpretationsprobleme in der auf die Veröffentlichung folgenden Forschungsdiskussion noch nicht ausgeschöpft. In der vorliegenden Arbeit wird auf der Basis einer kontinuierlichen inhaltlichen und sprachlichen Analyse des Textes eine Gesamtrekonstruktion (...)
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  22.  71
    Martin O'Shaughnessy (2007) The New Face of Political Cinema: Commitment in French Film Since 1995.Tom Whittaker - 2009 - Film-Philosophy 13 (1):199-205.
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  23.  20
    Getting interaction theory together: Integrating developmental, phenomenological, enactive, and dynamical approaches to social interaction.Tom Froese & Shaun Gallagher - 2012 - Interaction Studiesinteraction Studies Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systems 13 (3):436-468.
    We argue that progress in our scientific understanding of the ‘social mind’ is hampered by a number of unfounded assumptions. We single out the widely shared assumption that social behavior depends solely on the capacities of an individual agent. In contrast, both developmental and phenomenological studies suggest that the personal-level capacity for detached ‘social cognition’ is a secondary achievement that is dependent on more immediate processes of embodied social interaction. We draw on the enactive approach to cognitive science to further (...)
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  24.  22
    Ontology and interdisciplinary research in esports.Tom Brock - forthcoming - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy:1-17.
    Research into esports is proliferating (Bányai et al. 2019; Pizzo et al. 2022; Reitman et al. 2020) and now covers a variety of academic disciplines, including business and management (Scholz 2019)...
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  25. The place of the environment in state of nature discourses : reassessing nature, property and sovereignty in the Anthropocene.Tom Sparks - 2022 - In Mark Somos & Anne Peters (eds.), The state of nature: histories of an idea. Boston: Brill Nijhoff.
     
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  26.  40
    Plastic Bodies: Rebuilding Sensation After Phenomenology.Tom Sparrow - 2014 - London: Open Humanities Press.
    Sensation is a concept with a conflicted philosophical history. It has found as many allies as enemies in nearly every camp from empiricism to poststructuralism. Polyvalent, with an uncertain referent, and often overshadowed by intuition, perception, or cognition, sensation invites as much metaphysical speculation as it does dismissive criticism. -/- The promise of sensation has certainly not been lost on the phenomenologists who have sought to ‘rehabilitate’ the concept. In Plastic Bodies, Tom Sparrow argues that the phenomenologists have not gone (...)
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  27.  31
    Art and Truth After Plato.Tom Rockmore - 2013 - Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
    In Art and Truth after Plato, Tom Rockmore argues that Plato has in fact never been satisfactorily answered—and to demonstrate that, he offers a comprehensive account of Plato’s influence through nearly the whole history of Western ...
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  28.  87
    The social construction of consciousness. Part 1: collective consciousness and its socio-cultural foundations.Tom R. Burns & Erik Engdahl - 1998 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 5 (1):67-85.
    This paper outlines, from a sociological and social psychological perspective, a theoretical framework with which to define and analyse consciousness, emphasizing the importance of language, collective representations, conceptions of self, and self-reflectivity in understanding human consciousness. It argues that the shape and feel of consciousness is heavily social, and this is no less true of our experience of collective consciousness than it is of our experience of individual consciousness. The paper is divided into two parts. Part One argues that the (...)
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  29.  26
    The New Ethics of Neuroethics.Tom Buller - 2018 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 27 (4):558-565.
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  30. The Second Coming of Free Trade.Tom Athanasiou - forthcoming - Environmental Ethics: Concepts, Policy and Theory. London and Toronto: Mayfield Publishing Company.
     
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  31.  9
    Reform within the Common Rule?Tom Puglisi - 2013 - Hastings Center Report 43 (s1):40-42.
    In their papers in this supplement, Ruth Faden and colleagues conclude that research ethics and regulation must change to accommodate a changed and changing health care environment. The reality, however, is that the widely understood and accepted ethical framework embedded in the regulatory requirements known as the Common Rule, and recent proposals to modify the Common Rule have become stalled, at least for the foreseeable future, if not permanently. Meaningful systemic modernization of the Common Rule is not likely to occur (...)
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  32. Poverty as a Violation of Human Rights: Inhumanity or Injustice?Tom Campbell - 2007 - In Thomas Winfried Menko Pogge (ed.), Freedom From Poverty as a Human Right: Who Owes What to the Very Poor? Co-Published with Unesco. Oxford University Press.
  33. Reply to strong on principlism and casuistry.Tom L. Beauchamp - 2000 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 25 (3):342 – 347.
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  34.  32
    Making sense of the chronology of Paleolithic cave painting from the perspective of material engagement theory.Tom Froese - 2019 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 18 (1):91-112.
    There exists a venerable tradition of interdisciplinary research into the origins and development of Paleolithic cave painting. In recent years this research has begun to be inflected by rapid advances in measurement techniques that are delivering chronological data with unprecedented accuracy. Patterns are emerging from the accumulating evidence whose precise interpretation demands corresponding advances in theory. It seems that cave painting went through several transitions, beginning with the creation of simple lines, dots and disks, followed by hand stencils, then by (...)
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  35. Relativism, multiculturalism, and universal norms : their role in business ethics.Tom L. Beauchamp - 2010 - In George G. Brenkert & Tom L. Beauchamp (eds.), The Oxford handbook of business ethics. New York: Oxford University Press.
  36.  9
    The variety of projections of a tree Prikry forcing.Tom Benhamou, Moti Gitik & Yair Hayut - forthcoming - Journal of Mathematical Logic.
    We study which [Formula: see text]-distributive forcing notions of size [Formula: see text] can be embedded into tree Prikry forcing notions with [Formula: see text]-complete ultrafilters under various large cardinal assumptions. An alternative formulation — can the filter of dense open subsets of a [Formula: see text]-distributive forcing notion of size [Formula: see text] be extended to a [Formula: see text]-complete ultrafilter.
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  37.  52
    Animal Minds and Neuroimaging: Bridging the Gap between Science and Ethics?Tom Buller - 2014 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 23 (2):173-181.
    As Colin Allen has argued, discussions between science and ethics about the mentality and moral status of nonhuman animals often stall on account of the fact that the properties that ethics presents as evidence of animal mentality and moral status, namely consciousness and sentience, are not observable “scientifically respectable” properties. In order to further discussion between science and ethics, it seems, therefore, that we need to identify properties that would satisfy both domains.In this article I examine the mentality and moral (...)
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  38.  24
    Magic, Emotion and Practical Metabolism: Affective Praxis in Sartre and Collingwood.Tom Greaves - 2021 - Journal of the British Society for Phenomenology 53 (3):276-297.
    This article develops a new way of understanding the integration of emotions in practical life and the practical appraisal of emotions, drawing on insights from both J-P. Sartre and R. G. Collingwo...
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  39.  18
    Sammenlikning av norsk og amerikansk doktorgrad.Tom Andreassen - 2017 - Norsk Filosofisk Tidsskrift 52 (4):207-208.
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  40.  65
    Strangers to Ourselves: Self-Knowledge in Nietzsche's Genealogy.Tom R. Hanauer - 2019 - Journal of Nietzsche Studies 50 (2):250-271.
    There is a wide scholarly consensus that Nietzsche's GM contains two principal projects. First, GM aims to explain—historically and psychologically—how some of morality's central strands emerged and evolved into their contemporary forms; and, second, GM aims to provide a critical assessment of the value of morality itself. Brian Leiter captures this consensus when he writes, "By investigating the origin of morality Nietzsche hopes to undermine morality or, more precisely, to loosen the attachment of potentially great human beings to this morality."1 (...)
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  41.  36
    To each according to their effort? On the ethical significance of hard work.Tom Malleson - 2019 - Constellations 26 (2):257-267.
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  42. The role of self-focused attention in the development, maintenance, and exacerbation of depression.Tom Pyszczynski & Jeff Greenberg - 1986 - In Krysia Yardley & Terry Honess (eds.), Self and Identity: Psychosocial Perspectives. Wiley.
     
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  43.  4
    Questions in Aesthetic Education.Tom Anderson - 1987 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 46 (2):318-321.
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  44. Anatomies of Narrative Criticism: The Past, Present, and Futures of the Fourth Gospel as Literature.Tom Thatcher & Stephen D. Moore - 2008
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  45.  18
    DharmakĪrti and Tibetans onAd $$\underset{\raise0.3em\hbox{$\smash{\scriptscriptstyle\cdot}$}}{r} $$ Śyānupalabdhihetu.Tom J. F. Tillemans - 1995 - Journal of Indian Philosophy 23 (2):129-149.
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  46.  67
    What can one reasonably say about nonexistence? A tibetan work on the problem of āśrayāsiddha.Tom J. F. Tillemans & Donald S. Lopez - 1998 - Journal of Indian Philosophy 26 (2):99-129.
  47. Realism Redux: Gibson's Affordances Get a Well-Deserved Update. Review of “Radical Embodied Cognitive Science” by Anthony Chemero.Tom Ziemke - 2011 - Constructivist Foundations 7 (1):87-89.
    Chemero provides a modern re-interpretation of Gibson’s ecological psychology and his affordance concept that is more coherent than the original and in line with antirepresentationalist, dynamical theories in embodied cognitive science. He argues for a radical embodied cognitive science, in which ecological and enactive approaches join forces against the more watered-down, mainstream embodied cognitive science that still maintains traditional commitments to representationalism and computationalism. He also defends a special version of realism, entity realism, which many constructivists might not find entirely (...)
     
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  48.  26
    Tähenduse epigeneesist robotitel ja organismidel.Tom Ziemke - 2002 - Sign Systems Studies 30 (1):111-111.
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  49. Ernest Becker's theory of the denial of death.Tom Pyszczynski & Sally A. Kenel A. Heroic Vision - 1998 - Zygon 33:180.
  50. Ethical Perspectives on the Treatment and Status of Animals.Tom Regan - 1995 - In . Macmillan Library Reference, Simon and Schuster. pp. 159-171.
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