Results for 'Science Methodology'

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  1. Social Science Methodology: A Unified Framework.John Gerring - 2011 - Cambridge University Press.
    John Gerring's exceptional textbook has been thoroughly revised in this second edition. It offers a one-volume introduction to social science methodology relevant to the disciplines of anthropology, economics, history, political science, psychology and sociology. This new edition has been extensively developed with the introduction of new material and a thorough treatment of essential elements such as conceptualization, measurement, causality and research design. It is written for students, long-time practitioners and methodologists and covers both qualitative and quantitative methods. (...)
     
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  2.  52
    For and Against Scientism: Science, Methodology, and the Future of Philosophy.Moti Mizrahi (ed.) - 2022 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    The term scientism is used in several ways. It is used to denote an epistemological thesis according to which science is the source of our knowledge about the world and ourselves. Relatedly, it is used to denote a methodological thesis according to which the methods of science are superior to the methods of non-scientific fields or areas of inquiry, or even used to put forward a metaphysical thesis that what exists is what science says exists. In recent (...)
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  3.  28
    The Economics of Science: Methodology and Epistemology as If Economics Really Mattered.James R. Wible - 1998 - Routledge.
    This book explores aspects of science from an economic point of view. The author begins with economic models of misconduct in science, moving on to discuss other important issues, including market failure and the market place of ideas.
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  4.  36
    Political Science Methodology: A Plea for Pluralism.Sharon Crasnow - 2019 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 78:40-47.
    Case study research was once the primary methodology of research in political science. The shift to other methodologies in recent decades suggests has led to a devaluing of these approaches. This article explores six roles for case studies in the social sciences and argues that an understanding of the multiple aims of research supports a methodological pluralism that includes case study research.
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  5.  1
    Feminist Science:: Methodologies That Challenge Inequality.Francesca M. Cancian - 1992 - Gender and Society 6 (4):623-642.
    The feminist goal of challenging inequality requires distinctive methods such as combining social action with research and using participatory approaches. These methods strengthen scientific standards of good evidence and open debate, but they conflict with elitism and careerism in academia and hence are rarely used. Nonhierarchical structures must be created.
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  6.  17
    The “ScienceMethodology” Iterative Cycle.Dimíter Ginev - 1986 - Zeitschrift Für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 17 (1):143-153.
  7. Social Science Methodology.Joseph Mayer - 1936 - Journal of Social Philosophy and Jurisprudence 1 (4):364.
  8. Logic, Methodology and Philosophy of Science Iii Proceedings of the Third International Congress for Logic, Methodology and Philosophy of Science, Amsterdam 1967; Edited by B. Van Rootselaar and J.F. Staal. [REVIEW]Methodology and Philosophy of Science International Congress for Logic, B. van Rootselaar & J. F. Staal - 1968 - North-Holland Pub. Co.
  9.  54
    What is Science? Methodological Pitfalls Underlying the Empirical Exploration of Scientific Knowledge.Dominika Yaneva - 2005 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 37 (2):333 - 353.
    The validity of three premises, set as foundational pillars of modern sociological approach to science, is contested, namely: (i) the postulate, stating that science is devoid of whatever generis specifical; (ii) it is liable to the usual empirical study; (iii) the practicing scientist's self-reflexive judgements must be disbelieved and rejected. Contrariwise, the ignored so far quaint nature of knowledge, escaping even from the elementary empirical treating - discernment and observation - is revealed and demonstrated. This peculiar nature requires, (...)
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  10.  28
    Extensions in Human Science Methodology.Scott Churchill - 1986 - Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 6 (2):132-132.
    This article provides a brief review of Saybrook Review, Vol 6, No. 1, Spring 1986. Special issue: Extensions in Human Science Methodology guest edited by Donald E. Polkinghorne. This issue contains articles written by four of the faculty of the Saybrook Institute, all of which examine "the consequences of extending the criteria of science beyond the traditional objectivism-relativism dichotomy." Polkinghorne's lead article is a compelling and clear historical characterization of the place of human science in today's (...)
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  11.  7
    Analogicity in Computer Science. Methodological Analysis.Paweł Stacewicz - 2020 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 63 (1):69-86.
    Analogicity in computer science is understood in two, not mutually exclusive ways: 1) with regard to the continuity feature, 2) with regard to the analogousness feature. Continuous computations are the subject of three methodological questions considered in the paper: 1a) to what extent do their theoretical models go beyond the model of the universal Turing machine, 1b) is their computational power greater than that of the universal Turing machine, 1c) under what conditions are continuous computations realizable in practice? The (...)
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  12.  14
    What is Science? Methodological Pitfalls Underlying the Empirical Exploration of Scientific Knowledge.Dominika Yaneva - 2006 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 37 (2):333-353.
    The validity of three premises, set as foundational pillars of modern sociological approach to science, is contested, namely: the postulate, stating that science is devoid of whatever generis specifical; it is liable to the usual empirical study; the practicing scientist's self-reflexive judgements must be disbelieved and rejected. Contrariwise, the ignored so far quaint nature of knowledge, escaping even from the elementary empirical treating - discernment and observation - is revealed and demonstrated. This peculiar nature requires, accordingly, a specific (...)
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  13.  16
    Literature, epistemology and social science methodology.Miguel Alvarado - 2015 - Cinta de Moebio 54:250-265.
    This article discusses the cultural understanding of the fantastic from Julio Cortazar’s work, expressed particularly in their metalinguistic texts, as a Latin American way of assuming "the real", which can project the fundamentals of Cortazar's work to the humanities and especially to ethnology. En este artículo se reflexiona sobre la comprensión transcultural y el tema de lo fantástico, ello desde el examen de la obra de Julio Cortázar, expresada particularmente en sus textos metalingüísticos, como un modo latinoamericano y de la (...)
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  14.  37
    Metaphysics, Problematic or Science: Methodology Vs Method.William E. Carlo - 1967 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 41:134-142.
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  15. Methodological Individualism and Holism in Political Science: A Reconciliation.Christian List & Kai Spiekermann - 2013 - American Political Science Review 107 (4):629-643.
    Political science is divided between methodological individualists, who seek to explain political phenomena by reference to individuals and their interactions, and holists (or nonreductionists), who consider some higher-level social entities or properties such as states, institutions, or cultures ontologically or causally significant. We propose a reconciliation between these two perspectives, building on related work in philosophy. After laying out a taxonomy of different variants of each view, we observe that (i) although political phenomena result from underlying individual attitudes and (...)
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  16.  6
    The Significance of Natural Science Methodology Research.Ch'en Ch'ang-shu - 1974 - Contemporary Chinese Thought 5 (3):69-90.
    Investigating the methods of natural science research is one of the important topics of the dialectics of nature.
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  17.  42
    Carnap, Kuhn, and the Philosophy of Science Methodology.J. Earman - 1993 - In Paul Horwich (ed.), World Changes. Thomas Kuhn and the Nature of Science. MIT Press. pp. 9--36.
  18.  15
    Value, Valuation, and Natural-Science Methodology.Clark L. Hull - 1944 - Philosophy of Science 11 (3):125-141.
    One of the initial obstacles to the study of the theory of value is the fact that practically every author whom the student consults on the subject characterizes value and valuation differently, and seems to trace them ultimately to a different source. For example, one writer will formulate a theory of value in terms of pain and pleasure ; another, in terms of feeling ; another, in terms of desires or wants ; still others, in terms of “requiredness”, of interest, (...)
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  19.  4
    Metaphysics, Problematic or Science: Methodology Vs. Method.William E. Carlo - 1967 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 41:134.
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  20.  2
    The Economics of Science, Methodology and Epistemology as If Economics Really Matter: Compte Rendu de Lecture Par Emmanuel Martin.James Wible - 1998 - Journal de Economistes Et des Etudes Humaines 8 (4):555-572.
  21. Methodology and Epistemology for Social Science: Selected Papers.Donald Thomas Campbell - 1988 - University of Chicago Press.
    Since the 1950s, Donald T. Campbell has been one of the most influential contributors to the methodology of the social sciences. A distinguished psychologist, he has published scores of widely cited journal articles, and two awards, in social psychology and in public policy, have been named in his honor. This book is the first to collect his most significant papers, and it demonstrates the breadth and originality of his work.
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  22.  3
    The SAGE Handbook of Social Science Methodology.William Outhwaite & Stephen Turner - 2007 - Sage Publications.
    This is a jewel among methods handbooks, bringing together a formidable collection of international contributors to comment on every aspect of the various central issues, complications, and controversies in the core methodological traditions. It is designed to meet the needs of those disciplinary and nondisciplinary problem-oriented social inquirers for a comprehensive overview of the methodological literature.
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  23.  1
    Metaphysics, Problematic or Science: Methodology Vs Method.William E. Carlo - 1967 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 41:134-142.
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  24. Philosophy of Science, History of Science a Selection of Contributed Papers of the 7th International Congress of Logic, Methodology and Philosophy of Science, Salzburg, 1983.C. Pühringer, Paul Weingartner & Methodology and Philosophy of Science International Congress of Logic - 1984 - A. Hain.
  25. Basic Problems in Methodology and Linguistics Part Three of the Proceedings of the Fifth International Congress of Logic, Methodology and Philosophy of Science, London, Ontario, Canada, 1975.Robert E. Butts, Jaakko Hintikka & Methodology Philosophy of Science International Congress of Logic - 1977
  26.  13
    Science and Hypothesis: Historical Essays on Scientific Methodology.Larry Laudan & R. Laudan - 1981 - Springer.
    This book consists of a collection of essays written between 1965 and 1981. Some have been published elsewhere; others appear here for the first time. Although dealing with different figures and different periods, they have a common theme: all are concerned with examining how the method of hy pothesis came to be the ruling orthodoxy in the philosophy of science and the quasi-official methodology of the scientific community. It might have been otherwise. Barely three centuries ago, hypothetico deduction (...)
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  27. Methodological Problems of Science: The Iteration Cycle: Science--Methodology of Science.Azari͡a Prizenti Polikarov - 1983 - Pub. House of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences.
     
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  28.  5
    The Rise of Political Economy as a Science: Methodology and the Classical Economists. [REVIEW]Harold W. Baillie - 1999 - Review of Metaphysics 53 (1):195-195.
    The methodology of classical economics presents a fascinating glimpse of Enlightenment scientists wrestling with ancient epistemological problems that were considered overcome in the new age. The tension between hypotheses and empirical investigation abolished by transcending the old metaphysical and religious idols recurs as efforts are made to clarify the new practice of physical science and to extend this practice to the study of human action; debates arise over the source and use of “hypotheses” and the ancient Platonic-Aristotelian split (...)
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  29. Methodological Artefacts in Consciousness Science.Matthias Michel - 2017 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 24 (11-12):94-117.
    Consciousness is scientifically challenging to study because of its subjective aspect. This leads researchers to rely on report-based experimental paradigms in order to discover neural correlates of consciousness (NCCs). I argue that the reliance on reports has biased the search for NCCs, thus creating what I call 'methodological artefacts'. This paper has three main goals: first, describe the measurement problem in consciousness science and argue that this problem led to the emergence of methodological artefacts. Second, provide a critical assessment (...)
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  30. Methodological and Epistemic Differences Between Historical Science and Experimental Science.Carol E. Cleland - 2002 - Philosophy of Science 69 (3):447-451.
    Experimental research is commonly held up as the paradigm of "good" science. Although experiment plays many roles in science, its classical role is testing hypotheses in controlled laboratory settings. Historical science is sometimes held to be inferior on the grounds that its hypothesis cannot be tested by controlled laboratory experiments. Using contemporary examples from diverse scientific disciplines, this paper explores differences in practice between historical and experimental research vis-à-vis the testing of hypotheses. It rejects the claim that (...)
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  31.  25
    The Methodology of the Social Sciences. [REVIEW]E. N., Max Weber, Edward A. Shils & Henry A. Finch - 1951 - Journal of Philosophy 48 (1):25.
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  32. Studies in the Methodology and Foundations of Science.Patrick Suppes - 1969 - Dordrecht: D. Reidel.
  33.  16
    The Science of Religion and the Sociology of Knowledge: Some Methodological Questions.Ninian Smart - 2015 - Princeton University Press.
    Ambitiously undertaking to develop a strategy for making the study of religion "scientific," Ninian Smart tackles a set of interrelated issues that bear importantly on the status of religion as an academic discipline. He draws a clear distinction between studying religion and "doing theology," and considers how phenomenological method may be used in investigating objects of religious attitudes without presupposing the existence of God or gods. He goes on to criticize projectionist theories of religion and theories of rationality in both (...)
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  34.  17
    Research Methodology in the Social Sciences: Perspectives on Sierra Leone.Emerson Abraham Jackson - 2020 - Mauritius: Lambert Academic Publishing (LAP).
    The thought about this book has been developed with the view of adding value to the teaching of Research Methodology for undergraduate and graduate students in developing economies like Sierra Leone. At the same time, it is a very useful tool for professionals engaged in research as part of their work life and for which their understanding of the dichotomy between Research Methods and Research Methodology needs to be addressed. It is divided into distinct sections, which makes it (...)
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  35. James R. Wible, The Economics of Science: Methodology and Epistemology as If Economics Really Mattered.C. Andreou - 1998 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 12 (3):281.
  36.  72
    Methodological Holism in the Social Sciences.Julie Zahle - 2016 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  37. Logic, Methodology, and Philosophy of Science Proceedings.Ernest Nagel & International Union of the History and Philosophy of Science - 1962 - Stanford University Press.
  38.  29
    Redman, Deborah A. The Rise of Political Economy as a Science: Methodology and the Classical Economists.Harold W. Baillie - 1999 - Review of Metaphysics 53 (1):195-196.
  39.  21
    Logic, Methodology and Philosophy of Science.Ernest Nagel (ed.) - 1962 - Stanford, Calif., Stanford University Press.
  40.  6
    Language, Verstehen, and the Life-World in Social Science Methodology: An Attempt at Dialogue Between Phenomenological Sociology and Analytical Philosophy.Riccardo Venturini - 2018 - Schutzian Research 10:155-168.
    The aim of the paper is to deal with the links between Schutz and Wittgenstein on the centrality of language and intersubjectivity in the structure of meanings. I believe there are similarities between Schutz’s proto-trust in the natural attitude and Wittgenstein’s animal faith in the basic life form of language games. To this end, Cicourel’s analysis of the relationship between language, Verstehen and empirical research methods will be used. Cicourel renders Schutz and Wittgenstein contiguous, by interpreting the different techniques of (...)
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  41.  7
    Vincenzo Galilei’s Musicology and Galileo’s Science: Methodological Comparison and Contrast.Maurice A. Finocchiaro - 2020 - Isis 111 (4):740-758.
  42.  34
    Logic, Methodology and Philosophy of Science.Patrick Suppes (ed.) - 1963 - New York: American Elsevier Pub. Co..
    ELEMENTARY LOGIC GR. C. MOISIL Institute of Mathematics, Rumanian Academy, Bucharest, Rumania 1. We shall consider a typified logic of propositions. ...
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  43.  18
    A Current Appraisal of the Behavioral Sciences.Methodology of the Behavioral Sciences: Problems and Controversies.Arnold Berleant - 1965 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 26 (1):124.
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  44. Methodological Pluralism, Normative Naturalism and the Realist Aim of Science.Howard Sankey - 2000 - In Howard Sankey & Robert Nola (eds.), After Popper, Kuhn and Feyerabend: Recent Issues in Theories of Scientific Method. Dordrecht/Boston/London: Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 211-229.
    There are two chief tasks which confront the philosophy of scientific method. The first task is to specify the methodology which serves as the objective ground for scientific theory appraisal and acceptance. The second task is to explain how application of this methodology leads to advance toward the aim(s) of science. In other words, the goal of the theory of method is to provide an integrated explanation of both rational scientific theory choice and scientific progress.
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  45.  24
    Reflection Without Rules: Economic Methodology and Contemporary Science Theory.D. Wade Hands - 2001 - Cambridge University Press.
    Reflection without Rules offers a comprehensive, pointed exploration of the methodological tradition in economics and the breakdown of the received view within the philosophy of science. Professor Hands investigates economists' use of naturalistic and sociological paradigms to model economic phenomena and assesses the roles of pragmatism, discourse, and situatedness in discussions of economic practice before turning to a systematic exploration of more recent developments in economic methodology. The treatment emphasizes the changes taking place in science theory and (...)
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  46. Researching Parapolitics: Replication, Qualitative Research, and Social Science Methodology.David N. Gibbs - 2013 - In Eric Michael Wilson (ed.), The Dual State: Parapolitics, Carl Schmitt and the National Security Complex. Ashgate.
  47.  2
    Logic, Methodology and Philosophy of Science: Proceedings of the 1964 International Congress.Yehoshua Bar-Hillel (ed.) - 1965 - Amsterdam: North-Holland Pub. Co..
  48. British Classical Economists and Their Methodological Heritage A Review of Deborah A. Redman's The Rise of Political Economy as a Science. Methodology and the Classical Economists. [REVIEW]F. Hindriks - 2001 - Journal of Economic Methodology 8 (1):145-152.
  49. Methodology of the Sciences.Lydia Patton - 2015 - In Michael Forster & Kristin Gjesdal (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of German Philosophy in the Nineteenth Century. Oxford University Press. pp. 594-606.
    In the growing Prussian university system of the early nineteenth century, "Wissenschaft" (science) was seen as an endeavor common to university faculties, characterized by a rigorous methodology. On this view, history and jurisprudence are sciences, as much as is physics. Nineteenth century trends challenged this view: the increasing influence of materialist and positivist philosophies, profound changes in the relationships between university faculties, and the defense of Kant's classification of the sciences by neo-Kantians. Wilhelm Dilthey's defense of the independence (...)
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  50.  7
    Methodology and Politics: A Proposal to Teach the Structuring Ideas of the Philosophy of Science Through the Pendulum.Agustín Adúriz-Bravo - 2004 - Science & Education 13 (7-8):717-731.
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