Results for 'Peter Rule'

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  1. Scepticism, Rules and Language.Gordon P. Baker & Peter Michael Stephan Hacker - 1984 - Blackwell.
  2. Science Rules: A Historical Introduction to Scientific Methods.Peter Achinstein (ed.) - 2004 - Johns Hopkins University Press.
    Is there a universal set of rules for discovering and testing scientific hypotheses? Since the birth of modern science, philosophers, scientists, and other thinkers have wrestled with this fundamental question of scientific practice. Efforts to devise rigorous methods for obtaining scientific knowledge include the twenty-one rules Descartes proposed in his Rules for the Direction of the Mind and the four rules of reasoning that begin the third book of Newton's Principia , and continue today in debates over the very possibility (...)
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  3. Rules of Meaning and Practical Reasoning.Peter Pagin - 1998 - Synthese 117 (2):207 - 227.
    Can there be rules of language which serve both to determine meaning and to guide speakers in ordinary linguistic usage, i.e., in the production of speech acts? We argue that the answer is no. We take the guiding function of rules to be the function of serving as reasons for actions, and the question of guidance is then considered within the framework of practical reasoning. It turns out that those rules that can serve as reasons for linguistic utterances cannot be (...)
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  4.  16
    Wittgenstein: Rules, Grammar and Necessity.Peter Carruthers - 1988 - Philosophical Quarterly 38 (150):131-134.
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  5.  34
    Comparative Narratives: Some Rules for the Study of Action.Peter Abell - 1984 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 14 (3):309–331.
    The paper explores the concept of a Narrative which is defined as a connected structure on a set of constrained actions and forbearances. Explanation via Narratives is compared with explanation through variable centred methodology and an interpretation of correlations in terms of Narratives is also outlined.
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  6. Homunculi Rule: Reflections on Darwinian Populations and Natural Selection by Peter Godfrey Smith: Oxford University Press, 2009.Daniel C. Dennett - 2011 - Biology and Philosophy 26 (4):475-488.
  7.  29
    The Rule of Metaphor: Multi-Disciplinary Studies of the Creation of Meaning in Language. [REVIEW]Peter Lamarque - 1979 - Philosophical Quarterly 29 (115):188-190.
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  8.  69
    The Rule of Metaphor: Multi-Disciplinary Studies of the Creation of Meaning in Language.Peter Lamarque - 1979 - Philosophical Quarterly 29 (115):188-190.
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  9. Rules, Magic and Instrumental Reason: A Critical Interpretation of Peter Winch's Philosophy of the Social Sciences.Berel Dov Lerner - 2001 - Routledge.
    This book offers a systematic and critical discussion of Peter Winch's writings on the philosophy of the social sciences. The author points to Winch's tendency to over-emphasize the importance of language and communication, and his insufficient attention to the role of practical, technological activites in human life and society. It also offers an appendix devoted to the controversy between the anthropologists Marshall Sahlins and Gananath Obeyesekere regarding Captain James Cook's Hawaiian adventures. Essential reading for those studying the development of (...)
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  10. Rules, Magic and Instrumental Reason: A Critical Interpretation of Peter Winch's Philosophy of the Social Sciences.Berel Dov Lerner - 2001 - Routledge.
    This book offers a systematic and critical discussion of Peter Winch's writings on the philosophy of the social sciences. The author points to Winch's tendency to over-emphasize the importance of language and communication, and his insufficient attention to the role of practical, technological activites in human life and society. It also offers an appendix devoted to the controversy between the anthropologists Marshall Sahlins and Gananath Obeyesekere regarding Captain James Cook's Hawaiian adventures. Essential reading for those studying the development of (...)
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  11. Rules, Magic and Instrumental Reason: A Critical Interpretation of Peter Winch's Philosophy of the Social Sciences.Berel Dov Lerner - 2001 - Routledge.
    This book offers a systematic and critical discussion of Peter Winch's writings on the philosophy of the social sciences. The author points to Winch's tendency to over-emphasize the importance of language and communication, and his insufficient attention to the role of practical, technological activites in human life and society. It also offers an appendix devoted to the controversy between the anthropologists Marshall Sahlins and Gananath Obeyesekere regarding Captain James Cook's Hawaiian adventures. Essential reading for those studying the development of (...)
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  12. Classical Harmony: Rules of Inference and the Meaning of the Logical Constants.Peter Milne - 1994 - Synthese 100 (1):49 - 94.
    The thesis that, in a system of natural deduction, the meaning of a logical constant is given by some or all of its introduction and elimination rules has been developed recently in the work of Dummett, Prawitz, Tennant, and others, by the addition of harmony constraints. Introduction and elimination rules for a logical constant must be in harmony. By deploying harmony constraints, these authors have arrived at logics no stronger than intuitionist propositional logic. Classical logic, they maintain, cannot be justified (...)
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  13.  15
    Rules and Representations.Peter Lamarque - 1982 - Philosophical Quarterly 32 (127):180-181.
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  14.  43
    Objective Evidence and Rules of Strategy: Achinstein on Method: Peter Achinstein: Evidence and Method: Scientific Strategies of Isaac Newton and James Clerk Maxwell. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 2013, 177pp, $24.95 HB.William L. Harper, Kent W. Staley, Henk W. de Regt & Peter Achinstein - 2014 - Metascience 23 (3):413-442.
  15.  75
    The Brier Rule Is Not a Good Measure of Epistemic Utility.Don Fallis & Peter J. Lewis - 2016 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 94 (3):576-590.
    Measures of epistemic utility are used by formal epistemologists to make determinations of epistemic betterness among cognitive states. The Brier rule is the most popular choice among formal epistemologists for such a measure. In this paper, however, we show that the Brier rule is sometimes seriously wrong about whether one cognitive state is epistemically better than another. In particular, there are cases where an agent gets evidence that definitively eliminates a false hypothesis, but where the Brier rule (...)
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  16.  47
    Two Rules of Legality in Criminal Law.Peter Westen - 2006 - Law and Philosophy 26 (3):229-305.
    Criminal law scholars approach legality in various ways. Some scholars eschew over-arching principles and proceed directly to one or more distinct “rules”: (1) the rule against retroactive criminalization; (2) the rule that criminal statutes be construed narrowly; (3) the rule against the judicial creation of common-law offenses; and (4) the rule that vague criminal statutes are void. Other scholars seek a single principle, i.e., the “principle of legality,” that they claim underlies the four rules. In contrast, (...)
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  17. Rule-Following, Compositionality and the Normativity of Meaning.Peter Pagin - 2002 - In D. Prawitz (ed.), Meaning and Interpretation. Konferenser.
    However, if Wittgenstein’s so called rule-following considerations are correct, then this reason for believing in the validity of (C), is mistaken. The conclusion of those considerations is that we must reject the idea that rules are things which determine possible cases of application before those cases are actually encountered and decided by speakers. If this is right, then there is no rule which determines the meanings of new sentences, i.e. before those sentences have actually been used. Therefore, it (...)
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  18.  21
    Rules, Intentions and Social Behavior: A Reassessment of Peter Winch.Jordi Fairhurst - 2019 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 50 (4):429-445.
    The aim of the present article is twofold. Firstly, it aims to study the problems arising from the notion of rule proposed by Peter Winch in The Idea of a Social Science and Its Relation to Philosophy to account for all meaningful behavior. On the one hand, it will analyze the problems in the argument posed by Winch in order to state that all meaningful behavior is governed by rules. On the other hand, it will focus on the (...)
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  19. Excuse Validation: A Study in Rule-Breaking.John Turri & Peter Blouw - 2015 - Philosophical Studies 172 (3):615-634.
    Can judging that an agent blamelessly broke a rule lead us to claim, paradoxically, that no rule was broken at all? Surprisingly, it can. Across seven experiments, we document and explain the phenomenon of excuse validation. We found when an agent blamelessly breaks a rule, it significantly distorts people’s description of the agent’s conduct. Roughly half of people deny that a rule was broken. The results suggest that people engage in excuse validation in order to avoid (...)
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  20. Bakhtin and Freire: Dialogue, Dialectic and Boundary Learning.Peter Rule - 2011 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 43 (9):924-942.
    Dialogue is a seminal concept within the work of the Brazilian adult education theorist, Paulo Freire, and the Russian literary critic and philosopher, Mikhail Bakhtin. While there are commonalities in their understanding of dialogue, they differ in their treatment of dialectic. This paper addresses commonalities and dissonances within a Bakhtin-Freire dialogue on the notions of dialogue and dialectic. It then teases out some of the implications for education theory and practice in relation to two South African contexts of learning that (...)
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  21.  61
    The Rule of Law Beyond Thick and Thin.Peter Rijpkema - 2013 - Law and Philosophy 32 (6):793-816.
    In this paper it is argued that different understandings of the requirements of the Rule of Law can to a large extent be explained by the position taken with regard to two interrelated distinctions. On the one hand, the Rule of Law can be regarded as either a principle of law or as a principle of governance. On the other hand, the requirements of the Rule of Law can be regarded as defining either a minimum standard which (...)
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  22. Discovery and Rule-Books.Peter Achinstein - 1980 - Revue Internationale de Philosophie 34 (1):109.
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  23.  1
    One Rationality to Rule Them All.Peter T. Leeson - 2020 - Social Science Information 59 (4):563-568.
    The claim that rationality is ‘limited, falsified and unhelpful’ for explaining norms is false, for it does not apply to rationality as conceptualized by rational choice theory. Rationality as conceptualized by rational choice theory is not limited: it can be used to develop explanations of any observed human behavior. Rationality as conceptualized by rational choice theory has not been falsified: indeed, it is not falsifiable. Rationality as conceptualized by rational choice theory is not unhelpful for explaining norms: it is often (...)
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  24.  6
    The Pedagogy of Jesus in the Parable of the Good Samaritan: A Diacognitive Analysis.Peter N. Rule - 2017 - Hts Theological Studies 73 (3).
    Jesus of Nazareth, like Socrates, left nothing behind written by himself. Yet, the records of his teaching indicate a rich interest in dialogic pedagogy, reflected in his use of the parable, primarily an oral genre, as a dialogic provocation. Working at the interface of pedagogy, theology and philosophy, this article explores the parable of the Good Samaritan from the perspective of dialogic pedagogy. It employs an analytical approach termed diacognition, developed from the notions of dialogue, position and cognition, to analyse (...)
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  25.  26
    Experimental Economics: Rethinking the Rules.Nicholas Bardsley, Robin Cubitt, Graham Loomes, Peter Moffatt, Chris Starmer & Robert Sugden - 2009 - Princeton University Press.
    The authors explore the history of experiments in economics, provide examples of different types of experiments and show that the growing use of experimental methods is transforming economics into an empirical science.
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  26.  53
    Rules and Similarity Processes in Artificial Grammar and Natural Second Language Learning: What is the “Default”?Peter Robinson - 2005 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (1):32-33.
    Are rules processes or similarity processes the default for acquisition of grammatical knowledge during natural second language acquisition? Whereas Pothos argues similarity processes are the default in the many areas he reviews, including artificial grammar learning and first language development, I suggest, citing evidence, that in second language acquisition of grammatical morphology “rules processes” may be the default.
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  27.  77
    A Priori Rules: Wittgenstein on the Normativity of Logic.Peter Railton - 2000 - In Paul Boghossian & Christopher Peacocke (eds.), New Essays on the a Priori. Oxford University Press. pp. 170--96.
  28. Ruling-Out Realism.Peter Carruthers - 1985 - Philosophia 15 (1-2):61-78.
    The case for anti-realism in the theory of meaning, as presented by Dummen and Wright, 1 is only partly convincing. There is, I shall suggest, a crucial lacuna in the argument, that can only be filled by the later Wittgenstein's following-a-rule considerations. So it is the latter that provides the strongest argument for the rejection of semantic realism.
    By 'realism', throughout, I should be taken as referring to any conception of meaning that leaves open the possibility that a sentence may (...)
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  29.  25
    Rules, Roles and Relations.Peter Winch - 1967 - Philosophical Books 8 (2):11-13.
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  30.  34
    General Rules of Language.Peter Zinkernagel - 1959 - Theoria 25 (1):56-64.
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  31.  9
    Model of Conditioning Incorporating the Rescorla-Wagner Associative Axiom, a Dynamic Attention Process, and a Catastrophe Rule.Peter W. Frey & Ronald J. Sears - 1978 - Psychological Review 85 (4):321-340.
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  32.  1
    Turn-Allocation and Gaze: A Multimodal Revision of the “Current-Speaker-Selects-Next” Rule of the Turn-Taking System of Conversation Analysis.Peter Auer - 2021 - Discourse Studies 23 (2):117-140.
    It is argued in this paper that a multimodal analysis of turn-taking, one of the core areas of conversation analytic research, is needed and has to integrate gaze as one of the most central resources for allocating turns, and that new technologies are available that can provide a solid and reliable empirical foundation for this analysis. On the basis of eye-tracking data of spontaneous conversations, it is shown that gaze is the most ubiquitous next-speaker-selection technique. It can function alone or (...)
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  33. Isolation, Assurance and Rules: Can Rational Folly Supplant Foolish Rationality?Peter Hammond - 2008 - In Kaushik Basu & Ravi Kanbur (eds.), Arguments for a Better World: Essays in Honor of Amartya Sen: Volume I: Ethics, Welfare, and Measurement and Volume Ii: Society, Institutions, and Development. Oxford University Press.
     
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  34.  7
    Rules for Courts and Rules for Citizens.Peter Alldridge - 1990 - Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 10 (4):487-504.
  35.  37
    Labor Rules: D'Accord? A Response to Chilla Bulbeck.Peter Beilharz - 1986 - Thesis Eleven 14 (1):106-108.
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  36.  50
    Implications-as-Rules Vs. Implications-as-Links: An Alternative Implication-Left Schema for the Sequent Calculus. [REVIEW]Peter Schroeder-Heister - 2011 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 40 (1):95 - 101.
    The interpretation of implications as rules motivates a different left-introduction schema for implication in the sequent calculus, which is conceptually more basic than the implication-left schema proposed by Gentzen. Corresponding to results obtained for systems with higher-level rules, it enjoys the subformula property and cut elimination in a weak form.
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  37.  38
    Reviews. [REVIEW]Paul Rule, Patrick Hutchings, Reg Naulty, Joseph LaPorte, Purushottama Bilimoria, Renee Abbott, Peter Kakol, Rob Harle & V. L. Krishnamoorthy - 1999 - Sophia 38 (1):122-166.
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  38.  21
    Rules, Magic, and Instrumental Reason: A Critical Interpretation of Peter Winch's Philosophy of the Social Studies.Duncan Richter - 2005 - Philosophia 32 (1-4):435-441.
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  39.  75
    Ethics for Drone Operators: Rules Versus Virtues.Peter Olsthoorn - 2021 - In Christian Enemark (ed.), Ethics of Drone Strikes: Restraining Remote-Control Killing. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.
    Until recently most militaries tended to see moral issues through the lens of rules and regulations. Today, however, many armed forces consider teaching virtues to be an important complement to imposing rules and codes from above. A closer look reveals that it is mainly established military virtues such as honour, courage and loyalty that dominate both the lists of virtues and values of most militaries and the growing body of literature on military virtues. Although there is evidently still a role (...)
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  40.  45
    Epistemic Entitlement.Peter Graham & Nikolaj Jang Lee Linding Pedersen (eds.) - 2020 - Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
    Table of Contents -/- 1. Introduction and Overview: Two Entitlement Projects, Peter J. Graham, Nikolaj J.L.L. Pedersen, Zachary Bachman, and Luis Rosa -/- Part I. Engaging Burge's Project -/- 2. Entitlement: The Basis of Empirical Warrant, Tyler Burge 3. Perceptual Entitlement and Scepticism, Anthony Brueckner and Jon Altschul 4. Epistemic Entitlement Its Scope and Limits, Mikkel Gerken 5. Why Should Warrant Persist in Demon Worlds?, Peter J. Graham -/- Part II. Extending the Externalist Project -/- 6. Epistemic Entitlement (...)
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  41.  41
    Rule Following, Rule Scepticism and Indeterminacy in Law: A Conventional Account.Peter Drahos & Stephen Parker - 1992 - Ratio Juris 5 (1):109-119.
  42.  14
    Ruling Elites and Decision-Making in Fascist-Era Dictatorships.Peter Monteath - 2013 - The European Legacy 18 (4):519-520.
  43.  42
    The Calculus of Higher-Level Rules, Propositional Quantification, and the Foundational Approach to Proof-Theoretic Harmony.Peter Schroeder-Heister - 2014 - Studia Logica 102 (6):1185-1216.
    We present our calculus of higher-level rules, extended with propositional quantification within rules. This makes it possible to present general schemas for introduction and elimination rules for arbitrary propositional operators and to define what it means that introductions and eliminations are in harmony with each other. This definition does not presuppose any logical system, but is formulated in terms of rules themselves. We therefore speak of a foundational account of proof-theoretic harmony. With every set of introduction rules a canonical elimination (...)
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  44.  12
    Social Rules and Social Behavior. Edited by Peter Collett.Michael L. Gillespie - 1981 - Modern Schoolman 58 (2):134-135.
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  45.  26
    Rules, Norms, and Commitment.Fabienne Peter & Kai Spiekermann - 2011 - In Jarvie, Ian & Jesus Zamora-Bonilla (eds.), Handbook of Philosophy of Social Sciences. Sage Publications. pp. 216--232.
  46.  28
    Rules for Fighting in the Culture Wars.Peter Kreeft - 2004 - The Chesterton Review 30 (1/2):175-180.
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  47.  13
    Is Moral Perception Essentially Rule-Governed? A Critical Assessment of Generalism and a Limited Defense of Particularism.Peter Shiu-Hwa Tsu - 2021 - Critica 52 (156).
    Moral perception, for the purposes of this article, is taken to be the perception of moral properties, unless contexts dictate otherwise. While both particularists and generalists agree that we can perceive the moral properties of an action or a feature, they disagree, however, over whether rules play any essential role in moral perception. The particularists argue for a ‘no’ answer, whereas the generalists say ‘yes’. In this paper, I provide a limited defense of particularism by rebutting several powerful generalist arguments. (...)
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  48.  52
    Having Linguistic Rules and Knowing Linguistic Facts.Peter Ludlow - unknown - The Baltic International Yearbook of Cognition, Logic and Communication 5:8.
    'Knowledge' doesn't correctly describe our relation to linguistic rules. It is too thick a notion. On the other hand, 'cognize', without further elaboration, is too thin a notion, which is to say that it is too thin to play a role in a competence theory. One advantage of the term 'knowledge'-and presumably Chomsky's original motivation for using it-is that knowledge would play the right kind of role in a competence theory: Our competence would consist in a body of knowledge which (...)
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  49.  23
    The Discontinuity Between Rules and Similarity.Peter F. Dominey - 2005 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (1):22-23.
    In arguing for a rules-similarity continuum, Pothos should demonstrate that a single process or mechanism (a neural network model, for example) can handle the entire continuum. Pothos deliberately avoids this exercise as beyond the scope of the current research. In this context, I will present simulation, neuropsychological, neurophysiological, and experimental psychological results, arguing against the continuity hypothesis.
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  50.  90
    Banning the Former Ruling Party.Peter Niesen - 2012 - Constellations 19 (4):540-561.
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