Results for 'Naomi Tabachnik'

983 found
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  1.  34
    Assessment of covariation by humans and animals: The joint influence of prior expectations and current situational information.Lauren B. Alloy & Naomi Tabachnik - 1984 - Psychological Review 91 (1):112-149.
  2.  36
    Why trust science?Naomi Oreskes - 2019 - Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press.
    Are doctors right when they tell us vaccines are safe? Should we take climate experts at their word when they warn us about the perils of global warming? Why should we trust science when so many of our political leaders don't? Naomi Oreskes offers a bold and compelling defense of science, revealing why the social character of scientific knowledge is its greatest strength--and the greatest reason we can trust it. Tracing the history and philosophy of science from the late (...)
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  3. Queering the center by centering the queer: Reflections on transsexuals and secular Jews.Naomi Scheman - 1997 - In Diana T. Meyers (ed.), Feminists rethink the self. Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press. pp. 124--62.
     
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  4. Philosophy of Science and Race.Naomi Zack - 2002 - New York: Routledge.
  5.  91
    Race and Mixed Race.Naomi Zack - 1993 - Temple University Press.
    Author note: Naomi Zack is Assistant Professor in the Department of Philosophy at the State University of New York at Albany. She herself is of mixed race: Jewish, African American, and Native American.
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  6. Anscombe's Approach to Rational Capacities.Naomi Kloosterboer - 2022 - In Jeanne Peijnenburg & Sander Verhaegh (eds.), Women in the History of Analytic Philosophy. Cham: Springer. pp. 191-216.
    Reigning orthodoxy in the philosophical study of human rational capacities, such as being able to act intentionally and to reason, is to characterize them in causal psychological terms. That is, to analyze these capacities in terms of mental states and their causal relations. It is against this background that the work of G.E.M. Anscombe has gained renewed interest. The main goal of this chapter is twofold. First, I will explicate Anscombe’s philosophical approach by analyzing her account of intentional action and (...)
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  7.  8
    De Johnny à Boulez: la musique écartelée.Michel Tabachnik - 2022 - Paris: L'Harmattan.
    Johnny Hallyday was France's first rock and roll star and was honored as a national hero at his funeral, which was attended by nearly a million people. The funeral of Pierre Boulez, on the other hand received little fanfare. This book attempts to resolve this discrepancy.
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  8.  62
    Race and Racial Discrimination.Naomi Zack - 2003 - In Hugh LaFollette (ed.), The Oxford handbook of practical ethics. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 245--271.
  9. Philosophy and racial paradigms.Naomi Zack - 2003 - In Tommy Lee Lott & John P. Pittman (eds.), A Companion to African-American Philosophy. Wiley-Blackwell.
  10. Merchants of Doubt: How a Handful of Scientists Obscured the Truth on Issues From Tobacco Smoke to Global Warming.Naomi Oreskes & Erik M. Conway - 2010 - Bloomsbury Press.
    The U.S. scientific community has long led the world in research on such areas as public health, environmental science, and issues affecting quality of life. These scientists have produced landmark studies on the dangers of DDT, tobacco smoke, acid rain, and global warming. But at the same time, a small yet potent subset of this community leads the world in vehement denial of these dangers. -/- Merchants of Doubt tells the story of how a loose-knit group of high-level scientists and (...)
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  11.  6
    Engenderings: Constructions of Knowledge, Authority, and Privilege.Naomi Scheman - 1993 - New York: Routledge.
    Naomi Scheman argues that the concerns of philosophy emerge not from the universal human condition but from conditions of privilege. Her books represent a powerful challenge to the notion that gender makes no difference in the construction of philosophical reasoning. At the same time, it criticizes the narrow focus of most feminist theorizing and calls for a more inclusive form of inquiry.
  12.  11
    Perceptual optimization of language: Evidence from American Sign Language.Naomi Caselli, Corrine Occhino, Bruno Artacho, Andreas Savakis & Matthew Dye - 2022 - Cognition 224 (C):105040.
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  13.  49
    Why value sensitive design needs ethical commitments.Naomi Jacobs & Alina Huldtgren - 2018 - Ethics and Information Technology 23 (1):23-26.
    Currently, value sensitive design (VSD) does not commit to a particular ethical theory. Critiques contend that without such an explicit commitment, VSD lacks a methodology for distinguishing genuine moral values from mere stakeholders-preferences and runs the risk of attending to a set of values that is unprincipled or unbounded. We argue that VSD practitioners need to complement it with an ethical theory. We argue in favour of a mid-level ethical theory to fulfil this role.
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  14.  14
    Religion as a Category of Governance and Sovereignty.Trevor Stack, Naomi Goldenberg & Timothy Fitzgerald (eds.) - 2015 - Brill.
    Religious-secular distinctions have been crucial to the way in which modern governments have rationalised their governance and marked out their sovereignty – as crucial as the territorial boundaries that they have drawn around nations. The authors of this volume provide a multi-dimensional picture of how the category of religion has served the ends of modern government. They draw on perspectives from history, anthropology, moral philosophy, theology and religious studies, as well as empirical analysis of India, Japan, Mexico, the United States, (...)
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  15. Questions and Answers: Metaphysical Explanation and the Structure of Reality.Naomi Thompson - 2019 - Journal of the American Philosophical Association 5 (1):98-116.
    This paper develops an account of metaphysical explanation according to which metaphysical explanations are answers to what-makes-it-the-case-that questions. On this view, metaphysical explanations are not to be considered entirely objective, but are subject to epistemic constraints imposed by the context in which a relevant question is asked. The resultant account of metaphysical explanation is developed independently of any particular views about grounding. Toward the end of the paper an application of the view is proposed that takes metaphysical explanations conceived in (...)
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  16.  37
    Capability Sensitive Design for Health and Wellbeing Technologies.Naomi Jacobs - 2020 - Science and Engineering Ethics 26 (6):3363-3391.
    This article presents the framework Capability Sensitive Design (CSD), which consists of merging the design methodology Value Sensitive Design (VSD) with Martha Nussbaum's capability theory. CSD aims to normatively assess technology design in general, and technology design for health and wellbeing in particular. Unique to CSD is its ability to account for human diversity and to counter (structural) injustices that manifest in technology design. The basic framework of CSD is demonstrated by applying it to the hypothetical design case of a (...)
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  17.  89
    Nihilism, But Not Necessarily.Naomi Dershowitz - 2020 - Erkenntnis:1-16.
    It’s widely accepted that we have most reason to accept theories that best fulfill the following naturalistically respectable criteria: internal consistency, consistency with the facts, and exemplification of the theoretical virtues. It’s also widely accepted that metaphysical theories are necessarily true. I argue that if you accept the aforementioned criteria, you have most reason to reject that metaphysical theories are necessarily true. By applying the criteria to worlds that are all prima facie possible, I show that contingent local matters of (...)
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  18.  2
    Jidai tenkanki no hō to seisaku.Naomi Nakamura & Nakamasa Iwaoka (eds.) - 2002 - Tōkyō: Seibundō.
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  19.  38
    Nihilism, But Not Necessarily.Naomi Dershowitz - 2022 - Erkenntnis 87 (5):2441-2456.
    It’s widely accepted that we have most reason to accept theories that best fulfill the following naturalistically respectable criteria: (1) internal consistency, (2) consistency with the facts, and (3) exemplification of the theoretical virtues. It’s also widely accepted that metaphysical theories are necessarily true. I argue that if you accept the aforementioned criteria, you have most reason to reject that metaphysical theories are necessarily true. By applying the criteria to worlds that are all prima facie possible, I show that contingent (...)
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  20.  54
    Engenderings: constructions of knowledge, authority, and privilege.Naomi Scheman - 1993 - New York: Routledge.
    Naomi Scheman argues that the concerns of philosophy emerge not from the universal human condition but from conditions of privilege. Her books represents a powerful challenge to the notion that gender makes no difference in the construction of philosophical reasoning. At the same time, it criticizes the narrow focus of most feminist theorizing and calls for a more inclusive form of inquiry.
  21. Metaphysical Interdependence.Naomi Thompson - 2016 - In Mark Jago (ed.), Reality Making. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 38-56.
    It is commonly assumed that grounding relations are asymmetric. Here I develop and argue for a theory of metaphysical structure that takes grounding to be nonsymmetric rather than asymmetric. Even without infinite descending chains of dependence, it might be that every entity is grounded in some other entity. Having first addressed an immediate objection to the position under discussion, I introduce two examples of symmetric grounding. I give three arguments for the view that grounding is nonsymmetric (I call this view (...)
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  22. Setting the story straight: fictionalism about grounding.Naomi Thompson - 2021 - Philosophical Studies 179 (2):343-361.
    This paper explores a middle way between realism and eliminativism about grounding. Grounding-talk is intelligible and useful, but it fails to pick out grounding relations that exist or obtain in reality. Instead, grounding-talk allows us to convey facts about what metaphysically explains what, and about the worldly dependence relations that give rise to those explanations.
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  23. Irrealism about Grounding.Naomi Thompson - 2018 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 82:23-44.
    Grounding talk has become increasingly familiar in contemporary philosophical discussion. Most discussants of grounding think that grounding talk is useful, intelligible, and accurately describes metaphysical reality. Call themrealistsabout grounding. Some dissenters reject grounding talk on the grounds that it is unintelligible, or unmotivated. They would prefer to eliminate grounding talk from philosophy, so we can call themeliminitivistsabout grounding. This paper outlines a new position in the debate about grounding, defending the view that grounding talk is intelligible and useful. Grounding talk (...)
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  24. Grounding and Metaphysical Explanation.Naomi Thompson - 2016 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 116 (3):395-402.
    Attempts to elucidate grounding are often made by connecting grounding to metaphysical explanation, but the notion of metaphysical explanation is itself opaque, and has received little attention in the literature. We can appeal to theories of explanation in the philosophy of science to give us a characterization of metaphysical explanation, but this reveals a tension between three theses: that grounding relations are objective and mind-independent; that there are pragmatic elements to metaphysical explanation; and that grounding and metaphysical explanation share a (...)
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  25.  41
    Culture and Contradiction: The Case of Americans Reasoning about Marriage.Naomi Quinn - 1996 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 24 (3):391-425.
  26.  1
    Torat ha-musar: mavo.Naomi Kasher - 1989 - [Tel Aviv]: Maṭkal/Ḳetsin ḥinukh rashi/Gale Tsahal, Miśrad ha-biṭaḥon.
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  27.  32
    “Going local”: farmers’ perspectives on local food systems in rural Canada.Naomi Beingessner & Amber J. Fletcher - 2020 - Agriculture and Human Values 37 (1):129-145.
    Amid the highly industrialized, export-focused food system of the Canadian prairies, some farmers and consumers are turning to localized agriculture as an alternative—they are “going local”. Despite farmers’ obvious importance to the food system, surprisingly little research has examined their motivations and reasons for localization. To date, most local food scholarship in North America has focused on either consumers’ motivations to buy local or the systemic aspects of local food, such as regulations, infrastructure, and marketing arrangements. Existing research suggests that (...)
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  28.  45
    Two ethical concerns about the use of persuasive technology for vulnerable people.Naomi Jacobs - 2019 - Bioethics 34 (5):519-526.
    Persuasive technologies for health‐related behaviour change give rise to ethical concerns. As of yet, no study has explicitly attended to ethical concerns arising with the design and use of these technologies for vulnerable people. This is striking because these technologies are designed to help people change their attitudes or behaviours, which is particularly valuable for vulnerable people. Vulnerability is a complex concept that is both an ontological condition of our humanity and highly context‐specific. Using the Mackenzie, Rogers and Dodds’ taxonomy (...)
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  29. Irrealism about Grounding.Naomi Thompson - 2018 - In Anthony O'Hear (ed.), Metaphysics. Cambridge, United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press.
    In this paper I explore irrealist alternatives to orthodox realism about grounding, and claim that at least some of these alternatives represent fertile areas for future discussion.
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  30.  19
    Same Pig, Different Conclusions: Stakeholders Differ in Qualitative Behaviour Assessment.Naomi Duijvesteijn, Marianne Benard, Inonge Reimert & Irene Camerlink - 2014 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 27 (6):1019-1047.
    Animal welfare in pig production is frequently a topic of debate and is sensitive in nature. This debate is partly due to differences in values, forms, convictions, interests and knowledge among the stakeholders that constitute differences among their frames of reference with respect to pigs and their welfare. Differences in frames of reference by stakeholder groups are studied widely, but not specifically with respect to animal behaviour or welfare. We explored this phenomenon using a qualitative behaviour assessment . Participating stakeholders (...)
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  31. Gynaecological Gatekeepers.Naomi Pfeffer - 2002 - In K. W. M. Fulford, Donna Dickenson & Thomas H. Murray (eds.), Healthcare Ethics and Human Values: An Introductory Text with Readings and Case Studies. Blackwell. pp. 206.
     
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  32.  43
    Loss: The Politics of Mourning.Naomi Mandel, David L. Eng & David Kazanjian - 2003 - Substance 32 (3):175.
  33.  36
    The influence of categories on perception: Explaining the perceptual magnet effect as optimal statistical inference.Naomi H. Feldman, Thomas L. Griffiths & James L. Morgan - 2009 - Psychological Review 116 (4):752-782.
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  34.  24
    Discourses of Stress, Social Inequities, and the Everyday Worlds of First Nations Women in a Remote Northern Canadian Community.Naomi Adelson - 2008 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 36 (3):316-333.
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  35.  7
    The New Kinship: Constructing Donor-Conceived Families.Naomi R. Cahn - 2012 - New York University Press.
    Peopling the donor world -- The meaning of family in a changing world -- Creating families -- Creating communities across families -- The laws of the donor world: parents and children -- Law, adoption, and family secrets: disclosure and incest -- Reasons to regulate -- Regulating for connection -- Regulating for health and safety: setting limits in the gamete world -- Why not to regulate -- Conclusion: challenging and creating kinship.
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  36.  4
    Negotiating power, identity, family, and community: Women's community participation.Naomi Abrahams - 1996 - Gender and Society 10 (6):768-796.
    Women's community participation re community and identity. In this article, the author explores the collective identities that are built around motherhood, rape-crisis work, Latino empowerment, and political activism for 39 Anglo and 11 Latina women. The reflexive relationship between communities and identities in relation to class background, gender, age, generation, and race-ethnicity are examined. It is argued that women embrace—as well as negotiate—cultural expectations of mothers, homemakers, and elders through their community participation. The author explores work in the community as (...)
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  37.  35
    Socratic Virtue: Making the Best of the Neither-Good-nor-Bad.Naomi Reshotko - 2006 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    Socrates was not a moral philosopher. Instead he was a theorist who showed how human desire and human knowledge complement one another in the pursuit of human happiness. His theory allowed him to demonstrate that actions and objects have no value other than that which they derive from their employment by individuals who, inevitably, desire their own happiness and have the knowledge to use actions and objects as a means for its attainment. The result is a naturalised, practical, and demystified (...)
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  38.  99
    Is Building Built?Naomi Thompson - 2019 - Analysis 79 (2):315-327.
    Karen Bennett’s Making Things Up argues that talk of generation and construction, giving rise to, and getting one thing out of another are to be understood in terms of building. Building-talk is commonplace if not ubiquitous in philosophy, and so building is one of the most important philosophical notions. Making Things Up offers a refreshing perspective on the debate about structure and fundamentality. Whilst Bennett of course engages with the recent literature, she sets things up in her own terms, and (...)
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  39.  19
    Blended English: Technology-enhanced teaching and learning in English literary studies.Naomi Milthorpe, Robert Clarke, Lisa Fletcher, Robbie Moore & Hannah Stark - 2018 - Arts and Humanities in Higher Education 17 (3):345-365.
    This article provides an account of a collaborative teaching and learning project conducted in the English programme at the University of Tasmania in 2015. The project, Blended English, involved the development, implementation, and evaluation of learning and teaching activities using online and mobile technologies for undergraduate English units. The authors draw on the project’s findings from survey and focus group data, and staff reflective practice and peer review, to make the case for increasing technology-enhanced teaching and learning in English literary (...)
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  40.  8
    Navigating the Intersection of PrEP and Medicaid.Naomi Seiler, Claire Heyison, Gregory Dwyer, Aaron Karacuschansky, Paige Organick-Lee, Alexis Osei, Helen Stoll & Katie Horton - 2022 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 50 (S1):60-63.
    The proposed national PrEP program would serve people who are uninsured as well as those enrolled in Medicaid. In this article, the authors propose a set of recommendations for the proposed program’s implementers as well as state Medicaid agencies and Medicaid managed care organizations to ensure PrEP access for people enrolled in Medicaid, addressing gaps without undermining the important role of the Medicaid program in covering and promoting PrEP.
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  41.  10
    A Rashevsky-Landahl neural net: Simulation of metacontrast.Naomi Wiesstein - 1968 - Psychological Review 75 (6):494-521.
  42.  58
    Transparent emotions? A critical analysis of Moran's transparency claim.Naomi Kloosterboer - 2015 - Philosophical Explorations 18 (2):246-258.
    I critically analyze Richard Moran's account of knowing one's own emotions, which depends on the Transparency Claim for self-knowledge. Applied to knowing one's own beliefs, TC states that when one is asked “Do you believe P?”, one can answer by referencing reasons for believing P. TC works for belief because one is justified in believing that one believes P if one can give reasons for why P is true. Emotions, however, are also conceptually related to concerns; they involve a response (...)
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  43.  13
    Fathering, Class, and Gender: A Comparison of Physicians and Emergency Medical Technicians.Naomi Gerstel & Carla Shows - 2009 - Gender and Society 23 (2):161-187.
    Using a multimethod approach, this article examines the link between class and masculinities by comparing the way two groups—professional men and working-class men —practice fatherhood. First, the authors show that these two groups practice different types of masculinity as they engage in different kinds of fatherhood. Physicians emphasize “public fatherhood,” which entails attendance at public events but little involvement in the daily care of their children. In contrast, EMTs are not only involved in their children's public events but also emphasize (...)
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  44.  1
    Evaluating Risk from Radiation for Research Subjects.Naomi Alazraki - 1982 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 4 (1):1.
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  45.  19
    A role for the developing lexicon in phonetic category acquisition.Naomi H. Feldman, Thomas L. Griffiths, Sharon Goldwater & James L. Morgan - 2013 - Psychological Review 120 (4):751-778.
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  46. Joint Attention: Communication and Other Minds: Issues in Philosophy and Psychology.Naomi Eilan, Christoph Hoerl, Teresa McCormack & Johannes Roessler (eds.) - 2005 - Oxford, GB: Oxford: Clarendon Press.
    Sometime around their first birthday most infants begin to engage in relatively sustained bouts of attending together with their caretakers to objects in their environment. By the age of 18 months, on most accounts, they are engaging in full-blown episodes of joint attention. As developmental psychologists (usually) use the term, for such joint attention to be in play, it is not sufficient that the infant and the adult are in fact attending to the same object, nor that the one’s attention (...)
  47.  8
    A comparison and elaboration of two models of metacontrast.Naomi Weisstein, Gregory Ozog & Ronald Szoc - 1975 - Psychological Review 82 (5):325-343.
  48.  19
    Event Sequencing as an Organizing Cultural Principle.Naomi Quinn - 2011 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 39 (3):249-278.
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  49.  38
    Constructive Interaction and the Iterative Process of Understanding.Naomi Miyake - 1986 - Cognitive Science 10 (2):151-177.
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  50. Kant on Animal Minds.Naomi Fisher - 2017 - Ergo: An Open Access Journal of Philosophy 4.
    Kant’s Critical philosophy seems to leave very little room to account for the mental lives of animals, since the understanding, which animals lack, is required for experience and cognition. While Kant does not regard animals as Cartesian machines, he leaves them few resources for getting around in the world in a coherent and responsive way. In this paper I present Kant’s account of animal minds. According to this picture, animals have representations of which they are not conscious, and these representations (...)
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