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Naomi Fisher
Loyola University, Chicago
  1. Kant on Animal Minds.Naomi Fisher - 2017 - Ergo: An Open Access Journal of Philosophy 4.
    Kant’s Critical philosophy seems to leave very little room to account for the mental lives of animals, since the understanding, which animals lack, is required for experience and cognition. While Kant does not regard animals as Cartesian machines, he leaves them few resources for getting around in the world in a coherent and responsive way. In this paper I present Kant’s account of animal minds. According to this picture, animals have representations of which they are not conscious, and these representations (...)
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  2.  73
    Organisms and the form of freedom in Kant's third Critique.Naomi Fisher - 2019 - European Journal of Philosophy 27 (1):55-74.
    In the second half of the third Critique, Kant develops a new form of judgment peculiar to organisms: teleological judgment. In the Appendix to this text, Kant argues that we must regard the final, unconditioned end of creation as human freedom, due to reason's demand that we regard nature as a system of ends. In this paper, I offer a novel interpretation of this argument, according to which judgments of freedom within nature are possible as instances of teleological judgment. Just (...)
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  3.  32
    Schelling Responds to Kant.Naomi Fisher & Kevin Mager - 2022 - Idealistic Studies.
    In the Critique of Pure Reason, Kant criticizes his predecessors, specifically Locke and Leibniz, in their one-sided reductions of representation to a single faculty. In his 1802 dialogue Bruno, Schelling develops this discussion into a criticism of Kant’s own one-sided idealism. Focusing on these developments makes clear the manner in which Schelling sees himself as advancing beyond both pre-Critical realisms and Kant’s transcendental idealism. He subsumes realism and Kantian idealism within his own absolute standpoint, providing a ground and rationale for (...)
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  4.  20
    Merely Methodological Naturalism in Aesthetics: A Proposed Revision of Zuckert’s Herder Interpretation.Naomi Fisher - 2022 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 80 (2):224-228.
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  5.  7
    Kant’s Organic Religion: God, Teleology, and Progress in the Third Critique.Naomi Fisher - 2021 - In Samuel Stoner & Paul Wilford (eds.), Kant and the Possibility of Progress: From Modern Hopes to Postmodern Anxieties. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press. pp. 77-93.
  6.  10
    The Unity of Nature in Schelling’s World Soul.Naomi Fisher - 2021 - Review of Metaphysics 74 (4):527-552.
  7.  54
    Life, Lawfulness, and Contingency: Kant and Schelling on Organic Nature.Naomi Fisher - 2023 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 105 (1):163-188.
    In the Critique of the Power of Judgment, Kant calls purposiveness the “lawfulness of the contingent”. I argue that this should be interpreted not as lawfulness assumed in order to remove unacceptable mechanical indeterminacy, but rather as an additional kind of lawfulness which, in the case of organisms, inexplicably coincides with mechanical determination. Schelling adapts Kant’s notion of natural purposiveness in his own conception of the relation between mechanism and organism. He states in his 1798 work, On the World Soul, (...)
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  8. The epistemology of Schelling's philosophy of nature.Naomi Fisher - 2017 - History of Philosophy Quarterly 34 (3):271-290.
    The philosophy of nature operates as one complete and systematic aspect of Schelling’s philosophy in the years 1797-1801 and as complement to Schelling’s transcendental philosophy at this time. The philosophy of nature comes with its own, naturalistic epistemology, according to which human natural productivity provides the basis for human access to nature’s own productive laws. On the basis of one’s natural productivity, one can consciously formulate principles which match nature’s own lawful principles. One refines these principles through a process of (...)
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  9.  40
    Natural and Ethical Normativity.Naomi Fisher - 2016 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 54 (4):417-439.
    In this paper, I argue that ethical normativity can be grounded in the natural normativity of organisms without being reducible to it. Michael Thompson and Philippa Foot both offer forms of neo-Aristotelian ethical naturalism; I argue that both accounts have gaps that point toward the need for a constructive virtue ethics grounded in natural normativity. Similarly, Korsgaard's constructivist ethics ignores the ongoing relevance of natural norms in human ethical life. I thus offer an account according to which the self-shaping activity (...)
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  10.  67
    Schelling’s Plato Notebooks, 1792–1794.F. W. J. Schelling & Naomi Fisher - 2021 - Epoché: A Journal for the History of Philosophy 26 (1):109-131.
    These notebooks were written during the years that F. W. J. Schelling spent as a student at the Tübinger Stift (1790–1795). From dates written by Schelling in the margins, we can surmise that the first portion (AA II/4: 15–28) was begun in August of 1792, and the latter portion (AA II/5: 133–142) was written in early 1794. To this latter portion is appended a substantial work, Schelling’s Timaeus-commentary, which is not included in the present translation. It appeared as “Timaeus (1794)” (...)
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  11.  53
    Schelling and the Philebus.Naomi Fisher & Jeffrey J. Fisher - 2022 - Epoché: A Journal for the History of Philosophy 26 (2):347-367.
    Schelling’s 1794 commentary on the Timaeus makes extensive use of Plato’s Philebus, particularly the principles of limit and unlimited. In this article, we demonstrate the resonances between Schelling’s 1794 treatment of the metaphysics of the Philebus and his 1798 philosophy of nature. Attention to these resonances demonstrates an underexplored but important debt to Plato in Schelling’s philosophy of nature. In particular, Schelling is indebted to Plato’s late metaphysics in his model of the iterative combination of two basic principles: a productive, (...)
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  12.  18
    Kant and Schelling on Blumenbach’s formative drive.Naomi Fisher - 2021 - Intellectual History Review 31 (3):391-409.
    Blumenbach’s epigenetic theory, particularly his concept of the formative drive, was appropriated by both Kant and Schelling. Kant’s third Critique endorsement of Blumenbach’s formative drive shows him to be close to Schelling’s conception of nature, since it is evidence of his distance from an artifactual conception of teleology. Schelling also draws on this concept of the formative drive, making the structures operative in the formative drive the explanatory ground of all natural forces and processes, thereby supplying the unity between the (...)
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  13. Freedom as Productivity in Schelling's Philosophy of Nature.Naomi Fisher - 2020 - In G. Anthony Bruno (ed.), Schelling’s Philosophy: Freedom, Nature, and Systematicity. Oxford University Press. pp. 53-70.
  14.  4
    Schelling's mystical platonism: 1792-1802.Naomi Fisher - 2024 - New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
    In this book, Naomi Fisher provides a cohesive interpretation of Schelling's philosophical work from 1792-1802 as a mystical Platonism. According to this interpretation, Schelling is guided by two overarching commitments during this time. First, Schelling is committed to mysticism regarding the absolute. That is, the absolute is ineffable; it cannot be described in conceptual terms. For this reason, it remains inferentially external to any given philosophical system. Second, Schelling is committed to a priority monism: All things are grounded in the (...)
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  15.  12
    The Beautiful is the Symbol of the Morally Good.Naomi Fisher - 2020 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 94:215-228.
    In the Critique of the Power of Judgment, Kant claims that “the beautiful is the symbol of the morally good.” In this article I offer an interpretation of this claim. According to Kant’s conception of a symbol, the form of judgment operative in judgments of beauty can also be applied to morality. This parallel application highlights that we are directed at an end which cannot be determined by theoretical cognition. I argue that beauty’s symbolism of morality depends upon the solution (...)
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  16. Review: Beatrice Longuenesse, I , Me, Mine: Back to Kant and Back Again. [REVIEW]Naomi Fisher - 2018 - Review of Metaphysics 71 (4):812-814.
  17.  15
    Herder’s Naturalist Aesthetics. [REVIEW]Naomi Fisher - 2021 - British Journal of Aesthetics 61 (1):115-118.
    Herder’s Naturalist AestheticsZUCKERTRACHEL Cambridge University Press. 2019. pp. 276. £75.00.
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  18.  61
    Review: Corey W. Dyck, Kant and Rational Psychology. [REVIEW]Naomi Fisher - 2015 - Review of Metaphysics 68 (3):651-653.