Results for 'Maureen Mupeta Kombe'

635 found
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  1.  4
    Community perspectives on randomisation and fairness in a cluster randomised controlled trial in Zambia.Maureen Mupeta Kombe, Joseph Mumba Zulu, Charles Michelo & Ingvild F. Sandøy - 2019 - BMC Medical Ethics 20 (1):1-10.
    One important ethical issue in randomised controlled trials is randomisation. Relatively little is known about how participating individuals and communities understand and perceive central aspects of randomisation such as equality, fairness, transparency and accountability in community-based trials. The aim of this study was to understand and explore study communities’ perspectives of the randomisation process in a cluster RCT in rural Zambia studying the effectiveness of different support packages for adolescent girls on early childbearing. In this explorative study, in-depth semi-structured interviews (...)
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  2.  22
    Maureen Sie.Maureen Sie - 2009 - Wijsgerig Perspectief 49 (4):46-47.
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  3.  12
    Does Not, Amsterdam-New York, Rodopi, 2005. Il recente libro di Maureen Sie ha come obiettivo spiega-re perché l'esistenza della libertà del volere non è necessaria per garantire che le nostre quotidiane pratiche di attribuzione di re.Maureen Sie - 2006 - Rivista di Filosofia 97 (1).
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  4. Individual Moral Development and Ethical Climate: The Influence of Person–Organization Fit on Job Attitudes. [REVIEW]Maureen L. Ambrose, Anke Arnaud & Marshall Schminke - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 77 (3):323 - 333.
    This research examines how the fit between employees moral development and the ethical work climate of their organization affects employee attitudes. Person-organization fit was assessed by matching individuals' level of cognitive moral development with the ethical climate of their organization. The influence of P-O fit on employee attitudes was assessed using a sample of 304 individuals from 73 organizations. In general, the findings support our predictions that fit between personal and organizational ethics is related to higher levels of commitment and (...)
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  5. Parthood and Multi-Location.Maureen Donnelly - 2010 - Oxford Studies in Metaphysics 5:203-243.
     
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  6. An Interaction Effect of Norm Violations on Causal Judgment.Maureen Gill, Jonathan F. Kominsky, Thomas F. Icard & Joshua Knobe - 2022 - Cognition 228:105183.
    Existing research has shown that norm violations influence causal judgments, and a number of different models have been developed to explain these effects. One such model, the necessity/sufficiency model, predicts an interac- tion pattern in people’s judgments. Specifically, it predicts that when people are judging the degree to which a particular factor is a cause, there should be an interaction between (a) the degree to which that factor violates a norm and (b) the degree to which another factor in the (...)
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  7.  13
    Individual Moral Development and Ethical Climate: The Influence of Person–Organization Fit on Job Attitudes.Maureen L. Ambrose, Anke Arnaud & Marshall Schminke - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 77 (3):323-333.
    This research examines how the fit between employees moral development and the ethical work climate of their organization affects employee attitudes. Person-organization fit was assessed by matching individuals' level of cognitive moral development with the ethical climate of their organization. The influence of P-O fit on employee attitudes was assessed using a sample of 304 individuals from 73 organizations. In general, the findings support our predictions that fit between personal and organizational ethics is related to higher levels of commitment and (...)
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  8.  42
    Promoting Research Integrity in Africa: An African Voice of Concern on Research Misconduct and the Way Forward.Francis Kombe, Eucharia Nkechinyere Anunobi, Nyanyukweni Pandeni Tshifugula, Douglas Wassenaar, Dimpho Njadingwe, Salim Mwalukore, Jonathan Chinyama, Bodo Randrianasolo, Perpetua Akindeh, Priscilla S. Dlamini, Felasoa Noroseheno Ramiandrisoa & Naina Ranaivo - 2014 - Developing World Bioethics 14 (3):158-166.
    African researchers and their collaborators have been making significant contributions to useful research findings and discoveries in Africa. Despite evidence of scientific misconduct even in heavily regulated research environments, there is little documented information that supports prevalence of research misconduct in Africa. Available literature on research misconduct has focused on the developed world, where credible research integrity systems are already in place. Public attention to research misconduct has lately increased, calling for attention to weaknesses in current research policies and regulatory (...)
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  9. Using Mereological Principles to Support Metaphysics.Maureen Donnelly - 2011 - Philosophical Quarterly 61 (243):225-246.
    Mereological principles are sometimes used to support general claims about the structure and arrangement of objects in the world. I focus initially on one such mereological principle, the weak supplementation principle (WSP). It is not obvious that (WSP) is prescribed by ordinary thinking about parthood. Further, (WSP) is not needed for a fairly strong formal characterization of the part–whole relation. For these reasons, some arguments relying on (WSP) might be countered by simply denying (WSP). I argue more generally that there (...)
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  10.  15
    Enhancing Quality and Integrity in Biomedical Research in Africa: An International Call for Greater Focus, Investment and Standardisation in Capacity Strengthening for Frontline Staff.Francis Kombe - 2015 - BMC Medical Ethics 16 (1):1-5.
    The integrity of biomedical research depends heavily on the quality of research data collected. In turn, data quality depends on processes of data collection, a task undertaken by frontline research staff in many research programmes in Africa and elsewhere. These frontline research staff often have additional responsibilities including translating and communicating research in local languages, seeking informed consent for study participation and maintaining supportive relationships between research institutions and study participants and wider communities. The level of skills that fieldworkers need (...)
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  11. Endurantist and Perdurantist Accounts of Persistence.Maureen Donnelly - 2011 - Philosophical Studies 154 (1):27 - 51.
    In this paper, I focus on three issues intertwined in current debates between endurantists and perdurantists—(i) the dimension of persisting objects, (ii) whether persisting objects have timeless, or only time-relative, parts, and (iii) whether persisting objects have proper temporal parts. I argue that one standard endurantist position on the first issue is compatible with standard perdurantist positions on parthood and temporal parts. I further argue that different accounts of persistence depend on the claims about objects' dimensions and not on the (...)
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  12. Varieties of Living Things: Life at the Intersection of Lineage and Metabolism.John Dupré & Maureen A. O'Malley - 2009 - Philosophy, Theory, and Practice in Biology 1 (20130604).
    We address three fundamental questions: What does it mean for an entity to be living? What is the role of inter-organismic collaboration in evolution? What is a biological individual? Our central argument is that life arises when lineage-forming entities collaborate in metabolism. By conceiving of metabolism as a collaborative process performed by functional wholes, which are associations of a variety of lineage-forming entities, we avoid the standard tension between reproduction and metabolism in discussions of life – a tension particularly evident (...)
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  13.  54
    Determination of Death: A Scientific Perspective on Biological Integration.Maureen L. Condic - 2016 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 41 (3):257-278.
    Human life is operationally defined by the onset and cessation of organismal function. At postnatal stages of life, organismal integration critically and uniquely requires a functioning brain. In this article, a distinction is drawn between integrated and coordinated biologic activities. While communication between cells can provide a coordinated biologic response to specific signals, it does not support the integrated function that is characteristic of a living human being. Determining the loss of integrated function can be complicated by medical interventions that (...)
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  14.  10
    Verbal Working Memory Predicts Co-Speech Gesture: Evidence From Individual Differences.Maureen Gillespie, Ariel N. James, Kara D. Federmeier & Duane G. Watson - 2014 - Cognition 132 (2):174-180.
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  15.  59
    Consulting Communities on Feedback of Genetic Findings in International Health Research: Sharing Sickle Cell Disease and Carrier Information in Coastal Kenya. [REVIEW]Vicki Marsh, Francis Kombe, Raymond Fitzpatrick, Thomas N. Williams, Michael Parker & Sassy Molyneux - 2013 - BMC Medical Ethics 14 (1):41.
    International health research in malaria-endemic settings may include screening for sickle cell disease, given the relationship between this important genetic condition and resistance to malaria, generating questions about whether and how findings should be disclosed. The literature on disclosing genetic findings in the context of research highlights the role of community consultation in understanding and balancing ethically important issues from participants’ perspectives, including social forms of benefit and harm, and the influence of access to care. To inform research practice locally, (...)
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  16.  34
    Patient Perspectives on the Learning Health System: The Importance of Trust and Shared Decision Making.Maureen Kelley, Cyan James, Stephanie Alessi Kraft, Diane Korngiebel, Isabelle Wijangco, Emily Rosenthal, Steven Joffe, Mildred K. Cho, Benjamin Wilfond & Sandra Soo-Jin Lee - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics 15 (9):4-17.
    We conducted focus groups to assess patient attitudes toward research on medical practices in the context of usual care. We found that patients focus on the implications of this research for their relationship with and trust in their physicians. Patients view research on medical practices as separate from usual care, demanding dissemination of information and in most cases, individual consent. Patients expect information about this research to come through their physician, whom they rely on to identify and filter associated risks. (...)
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  17.  33
    Epistemic Privilege and Expertise in the Context of Meta-Debate.Maureen Linker - 2014 - Argumentation 28 (1):67-84.
    I argue that Kotzee’s model of meta- debate succeeds in identifying illegitimate or fallacious charges of bias but has the unintended consequence of classifying some legitimate and non-fallacious charges as fallacious. This makes the model, in some important cases, counter-productive. In particular, cases where the call for a meta- debate is prompted by the participant with epistemic privilege and a charge of bias is denied by the participant with social advantage, the impasse will put the epistemically advantaged at far greater (...)
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  18.  7
    Deconstructing the Posterior Medial Episodic Network.Maureen Ritchey & Rose A. Cooper - 2020 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 24 (6):451-465.
  19. Mereological Vagueness and Existential Vagueness.Maureen Donnelly - 2009 - Synthese 168 (1):53 - 79.
    It is often assumed that indeterminacy in mereological relations—in particular, indeterminacy in which collections of objects have fusions—leads immediately to indeterminacy in what objects there are in the world. This assumption is generally taken as a reason for rejecting mereological vagueness. The purpose of this paper is to examine the link between mereological vagueness and existential vagueness. I hope to show that the connection between the two forms of vagueness is not nearly so clear-cut as has been supposed.
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  20.  15
    Müneccimbaşı Ahmed Dede’nin Ahl'k Düşüncesi: Meşş'î Felsefe ile Tasavvufî Düşünceyi İşr'kî Hikmette Sentezleme.İlker Kömbe - 2021 - Nazariyat, Journal for the History of Islamic Philosophy and Sciences 7 (1):149-174.
    Bu makale, Osmanlı döneminde, on yedinci yüzyılın ortası ile on sekizinci yüzyılın başında yaşamış olan Müneccimbaşı Ahmed Dede’nin ahlâk, ev idaresi ve siyasetten meydana gelen pratik felsefe türündeki Şerhu’l-Ahlâki’l-Adud şerhinin ahlâk ilmi bölümünü inceleme konusu yapmaktadır. Bu incelemenin iki iddiasından söz edilebilir. Birincisi, Müneccimbaşı ve yazdığı şerh, ahlâk felsefesi veya pratik felsefe açısından ve yazıldığı dönem dikkate alındığında, kadim olandan hareketle yenilenme veya kadim olanı güncelleme olarak tanımlanabilir. Fakat felsefî ahlâk bağlamında, kadim olanı yenileme veya güncelleme, yöntemlerin ayrıştırılması şeklinde değil, (...)
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  21. The BCN Challenge to Compatibilist Free Will and Personal Responsibility.Maureen Sie & Arno Wouters - 2010 - Neuroethics 3 (2):121-133.
    Many philosophers ignore developments in the behavioral, cognitive, and neurosciences that purport to challenge our ideas of free will and responsibility. The reason for this is that the challenge is often framed as a denial of the idea that we are able to act differently than we do. However, most philosophers think that the ability to do otherwise is irrelevant to responsibility and free will. Rather it is our ability to act for reasons that is crucial. We argue that the (...)
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  22.  50
    Ontological and Ethical Implications of Direct Nuclear Reprogramming: Response to Magill and Neaves.Maureen L. Condic, Patrick Lee & Robert P. George - 2009 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 19 (1):pp. 33-40.
    The paper by Magill and Neaves in this issue of the Journal attempts to rebut the "natural potency" position, based on recent advances in direct reprogramming of somatic cells to yield "induced pluripotent stem" (iPS) cells. As stated by the authors, the natural potency position holds that because "a human embryo directs its own integral organismic function from its beginning . . . there is a whole, albeit immature, and distinct human organism that is intrinsically valuable with the status of (...)
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  23.  45
    Do Squirrels Eat Hamburgers?: Intellectual Empathy as a Remedy for Residual Prejudice.Maureen Linker - 2011 - Informal Logic 31 (2):110-138.
    In her 2007 book "Epistemic Injustice" Miranda Fricker argues that "the silent by products of residual prejudice in a liberal society" are often the most difficult biases to eradicate. In this essay, I provide several examples of the kind of residual prejudice Fricker describes. I then propose a principle of "intellectual empathy" (with four component elements) as a methodological remedy for eradicating this kind of bias in good critical thinking.
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  24. Real Toads in Imaginary Gardens: Narrative Accounts of Liberalism.Maureen Whitebrook (ed.) - 1994 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Maureen Whitebrook argues that literature, through both its form and its content, can expose and criticize liberal theory and point beyond it to a new political theory. She describes how 'literary political criticism' might be done, and demonstrates such criticism in four essays that expose the connections between specific political and literary texts. Fiction, Whitebrook concludes, does a better job than liberal political theory of examining the relationship between the individual and the State.
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  25.  16
    Hierarchy and Scope of Planning in Subject–Verb Agreement Production.Maureen Gillespie & Neal J. Pearlmutter - 2011 - Cognition 118 (3):377-397.
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  26.  7
    Justice Climate and Workgroup Outcomes: The Role of Coworker Fair Behavior and Workgroup Structure.Maureen L. Ambrose, Darryl B. Rice & David M. Mayer - 2019 - Journal of Business Ethics 172 (1):1-21.
    Research on justice climate demonstrates a consistent effect on workgroup outcomes such as job satisfaction, commitment, and performance. However, little research considers how justice climate affects these outcomes and when the relationship is stronger or weaker. In an effort to extend the literature on justice climate, we draw on research on other types of organizational climate to suggest justice climate influences the fair behavior of coworkers. Specifically, we propose fair coworker behavior mediates the relationship between justice climate and outcomes. Further, (...)
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  27.  79
    Summation Relations and Portions of Stuff.Maureen Donnelly & Thomas Bittner - 2009 - Philosophical Studies 143 (2):167 - 185.
    According to the prevalent 'sum view' of stuffs, each portion of stuff is a mereological sum of its subportions. The purpose of this paper is to re-examine the sum view in the light of a modal temporal mereology which distinguishes between different varieties of summation relations. While admitting David Barnett's recent counter-example to the sum view, we show that there is nonetheless an important sense in which all portions of stuff are sums of their subportions. We use our summation relations (...)
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  28.  51
    Punctuated Equilibrium, Moral Panics and the Ethics Review Process.Maureen H. Fitzgerald - 2005 - Journal of Academic Ethics 2 (4):315-338.
    A review of the literature and ethnographic data from Australia, Canada, New Zealand, the United States, and the United Kingdom on the research ethics review process suggest that moral panics can become triggers for punctuated equilibrium in the review process at both the macro and microlevel, albeit with significantly different levels of magnitude and impact. These data suggest that neither the development of the ethics review process nor the process itself proceeds gradually, but both are characterized by periodic major shifts (...)
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  29. Owning the Story: Ethical Considerations in Narrative Research.Maureen J. Murray & William E. Smythe - 2000 - Ethics and Behavior 10 (4):311-336.
    This article argues that traditional, regulative principles of research ethics offer insufficient guidance for research in the narrative study of lives. These principles presuppose an implicit epistemology that conceives of research participants as data sources, a conception that is argued not tenable for narrative research. The case is made by drawing on recent discussions of research ethics in the qualitative and narrative research literature. This article shows that narrative ethics is inextricably entwined with epistemological issues--namely, issues of narrative ownership and (...)
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  30.  15
    Explaining the Differential Application of Non-Symmetric Relations.Maureen Donnelly - 2021 - Synthese 199 (1-2):3587-3610.
    Non-symmetric relations like loves or between can apply to the same relata in non-equivalent ways. For example, loves may apply to Abelard and Eloise either by Abelard’s loving Eloise or by Eloise’s loving Abelard. On the standard account of relations, different applications of a relation to fixed relata are distinguished by the direction in which the relation applies to the relata. But neither Directionalism nor its most popular rival, Positionalism, offer accounts of differential application that generalize to relations of arbitrary (...)
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  31. Life Out West.Maureen Healy - 2015 - The Australasian Catholic Record 92 (2):148.
    Healy, Maureen I am a member of the Institute of the Sisters of Mercy of Australia and Papua New Guinea. The question I ask myself now is: how did I get to be here at this stage in my life?
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  32. Genetic Testing and Insurance: The Complexity of Adverse Selection.Maureen Durnin, Michael Hoy & Michael Ruse - 2012 - Ethical Perspectives 19 (1):123-54.
    The debate on whether insurance companies should be allowed to use results of individuals’ genetic tests for underwriting purposes has been both lively and increasingly relevant over the past two decades. Yet there appears to be no widely agreed upon resolution regarding appropriate and effective regulation. There exists today a gamut of recommendations and actual practices addressing this phenomenon ranging from laissez-faire to voluntary industry moratoria to strict legal prohibition. One obvious reason for such a variance in views and approaches (...)
     
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  33.  18
    Justifying Blame: Why Free Will Matters and Why It Does Not.Maureen Sie (ed.) - 2005 - Rodopi.
    This book shows why we can justify blaming people for their wrong actions even if free will turns out not to exist. Contrary to most contemporary thinking, we do this by focusing on the ordinary, everyday wrongs each of us commits, not on the extra-ordinary, “morally monstrous-like” crimes and weak-willed actions of some.
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  34.  62
    Moral Agency, Conscious Control, and Deliberative Awareness.Maureen Sie - 2009 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 52 (5):516-531.
    Recent empirical research results in the behavioral, cognitive, and neurosciences on the “adaptive unconscious” show that conscious control and deliberative awareness are not all-pervasive aspects of our everyday dealings with one another. Moral philosophers and other scientists have used these insights to put our moral agency to the test. The results of these tests are intriguing: apparently we are not always the moral agents we take ourselves to be. This paper argues in favor of a refinement of our common perception (...)
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  35.  9
    Molecular Genetics and the Biological Basis of Color Vision.Maureen Neitz & Jay Neitz - 1998 - In W. Backhaus, R. Kliegl & J. Werner (eds.), Color Vision. Perspectives From Different Disciplines. De Gruyter. pp. 101--119.
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  36.  24
    Engaging with Environmental Stakeholders: Routes to Building Environmental Capabilities in the Context of the Low Carbon Economy.Polina Baranova & Maureen Meadows - 2017 - Business Ethics: A European Review 26 (2):112-129.
    The transition to a low carbon economy demands new strategies to enable organizations to take advantage of the potential for “green” growth. An organization's environmental stakeholders can provide opportunities for growth and support the success of its low carbon strategies, as well as potentially acting as a constraint on new initiatives. Building environmental capabilities through engagement with environmental stakeholders is conceptualized as an important aspect for the success of organizational low carbon strategies. We examine capability building across a range of (...)
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  37.  99
    Moral Theory in Ethical Decision Making: Problems, Clarifications and Recommendations From a Psychological Perspective. [REVIEW]Maureen Miner & Agnes Petocz - 2003 - Journal of Business Ethics 42 (1):11-25.
    Psychological theory and research in ethical decision making and ethical professional practice are presently hampered by a failure to take appropriate account of an extensive background in moral philosophy. As a result, attempts to develop models of ethical decision making are left vulnerable to a number of criticisms: that they neglect the problems of meta-ethics and the variety of meta-ethical perspectives; that they fail clearly and consistently to differentiate between descriptive and prescriptive accounts; that they leave unexplicated the theoretical assumptions (...)
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  38.  97
    Moral Hypocrisy and Acting for Reasons: How Moralizing Can Invite Self-Deception.Maureen Sie - 2015 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 18 (2):223-235.
    According to some, contemporary social psychology is aptly described as a study in moral hypocrisy. In this paper we argue that this is unfortunate when understood as establishing that we only care about appearing to act morally, not about true moral action. A philosophically more interesting interpretation of the “moral hypocrisy”-findings understands it to establish that we care so much about morality that it might lead to self-deception about the moral nature of our motives and/or misperceptions regarding what we should (...)
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  39. In This Issue.Maureen Waddington - 2016 - Chisholm Health Ethics Bulletin 21 (4):2.
     
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  40.  36
    The Slow Forgetting of Emotional Episodic Memories: An Emotional Binding Account.Andrew P. Yonelinas & Maureen Ritchey - 2015 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 19 (5):259-267.
  41.  28
    Redefining Donatism: Moving Forward.Maureen A. Tilley - 2011 - Augustinian Studies 42 (1):21-32.
  42.  27
    The Cognitive Value of Literary Perspectives.Maureen Donnelly - 2019 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 77 (1):11-22.
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  43. In This Issue.Maureen Waddington - 2016 - Chisholm Health Ethics Bulletin 22 (1):2.
     
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  44. Maureen Whitebrook, "Real Toads in Imaginary Gardens: Narrative Accounts of Liberalism". [REVIEW]Peter Johnson - 1995 - History of Political Thought 16 (3):465.
  45.  3
    Rozzie and Harriet?: Gender and Family Patterns of Lesbian Coparents.Maureen Sullivan - 1996 - Gender and Society 10 (6):747-767.
    In this article the author explores the ways in which lesbian coparents divide household, child care, and paid labor to learn whether, and the degree to which, they adopt egalitarian work and family arrangements. Informed by a brief overview of U.S. gay liberation and family politics, and the theoretical and empirical work on the household division of labor by gender, this qualitative analysis of 34 Northern California families suggests that equitable practices—a pattern of equal sharing—among these lesbian coparents are the (...)
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  46.  64
    Limits on Patient Responsibility.Maureen Kelley - 2005 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 30 (2):189 – 206.
    The medical profession and medical ethics currently place a greater emphasis on physician responsibility than patient responsibility. This imbalance is not due to accident or a mistake but, rather is motivated by strong moral reasons. As we debate the nature and extent of patient responsibility it is important to keep in mind the reasons for giving a relatively minimal role to patient responsibility in medical ethics. It is argued that the medical profession ought to be characterized by two moral asymmetries: (...)
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  47.  3
    Philosophy of Microbiology.Maureen O'Malley - 2014 - Cambridge University Press.
    Microbes and microbiology are seldom encountered in philosophical accounts of the life sciences. Although microbiology is a well-established science and microbes the basis of life on this planet, neither the organisms nor the science have been seen as philosophically significant. This book will change that. It fills a major gap in the philosophy of biology by examining central philosophical issues in microbiology. Topics are drawn from evolutionary microbiology, microbial ecology, and microbial classification. These discussions are aimed at philosophers and scientists (...)
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  48.  32
    Relative Places.Maureen Donnelly - 2005 - Applied ontology 1 (1):55-75.
    Newton distinguishes between absolute and relative places. Both types of places endure through time and may be occupied by various objects at various times. But unlike absolute places, each relative place stands in fixed spatial relations with one or more reference objects. Relative plac-es with independent reference objects (e.g. a ship and the earth) may move relative to one another. Relative places, not absolute places, are used to locate objects and track their movements in common-sense reasoning and in disciplines such (...)
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  49.  16
    The Emotional Attentional Blink: What We Know so Far.Maureen McHugo, Bunmi O. Olatunji & David H. Zald - 2013 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.
  50.  32
    Self-Knowledge and the Minimal Conditions of Responsibility: A Traffic-Participation View on Human Agency.Maureen Sie - 2014 - Journal of Value Inquiry 48 (2):271-291.
    “I demote practical reason from the conductor’s podium on which it is traditionally pictured, leading the performance. I picture practical reason less as an orchestral conductor than as a theatrical prompter — out of sight, following the action in case it needs to be nudged back into an intelligible course.” (David Velleman 2009, p. 4)IntroductionIn this paper I discuss our practice of exchanging explanatory and justifying reasons with one another, that is, reasons with which we explain or justify our actions, (...)
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