Results for 'Katherine Vytal'

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  1. The impact of anxiety upon cognition: perspectives from human threat of shock studies.Oliver J. Robinson, Katherine Vytal, Brian R. Cornwell & Christian Grillon - 2013 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.
  2. Trust, Distrust and Commitment.Katherine Hawley - 2014 - Noûs 48 (1):1-20.
    I outline a number of parallels between trust and distrust, emphasising the significance of situations in which both trust and distrust would be an imposition upon the (dis)trustee. I develop an account of both trust and distrust in terms of commitment, and argue that this enables us to understand the nature of trustworthiness. Note that this article is available open access on the journal website.
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  3. Success and Knowledge-How.Katherine Hawley - 2003 - American Philosophical Quarterly 40 (1):19 - 31.
    In this paper, I argue that there is a notion of 'counterfactual success' which stands to knowledge how as true belief stands to propositional knowledge. (I attempt to avoid the question of whether knowledge how is a type of propositional knowledge.).
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  4.  98
    Émilie du Ch'telet and the Foundations of Physical Science.Katherine Brading - 2018 - Routledge.
    Du Châtelet’s 1740 text Foundations of Physics tackles three of the major foundational issues facing natural philosophy in the early eighteenth century: the problem of bodies, the problem of force, and the question of appropriate methodology. This paper offers an introduction to Du Châtelet’s philosophy of science, as expressed in her Foundations of Physics, primarily through the lens of the problem of bodies.
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  5. What are natural kinds?1.Katherine Hawley & Alexander Bird - 2011 - Philosophical Perspectives 25 (1):205-221.
    We articulate a view of natural kinds as complex universals. We do not attempt to argue for the existence of universals. Instead, we argue that, given the existence of universals, and of natural kinds, the latter can be understood in terms of the former, and that this provides a rich, flexible framework within which to discuss issues of indeterminacy, essentialism, induction, and reduction. Along the way, we develop a 'problem of the many' for universals.
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  6. Science as a Guide to Metaphysics?Katherine Hawley - 2006 - Synthese 149 (3):451-470.
    Analytic metaphysics is in resurgence; there is renewed and vigorous interest in topics such as time, causation, persistence, parthood and possible worlds. We who share this interest often pay lip-service to the idea that metaphysics should be informed by modern science; some take this duty very seriously.2 But there is also a widespread suspicion that science cannot really contribute to metaphysics, and that scientific findings grossly underdetermine metaphysical claims. For some, this prompts the thought ‘so much the worse for metaphysics’; (...)
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  7. Vagueness and Existence.Katherine Hawley - 2002 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 102 (1):125-140.
    Vague existence can seem like the worst kind of vagueness in the world, or seem to be an entirely unintelligible notion. This bad reputation is based upon the rumour that if there is vague existence then there are non-existent objects. But the rumour is false: the modest brand of vague existence entailed by certain metaphysical theories of composition does not deserve its bad reputation.
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  8. Temporal Parts.Katherine Hawley - 2004/2010 - Stanford Encylopedia of Philosophy.
    Material objects extend through space by having different spatial parts in different places. But how do they persist through time? According to some philosophers, things have temporal parts as well as spatial parts: accepting this is supposed to help us solve a whole bunch of metaphysical problems, and keep our philosophy in line with modern physics. Other philosophers disagree, arguing that neither metaphysics nor physics give us good reason to believe in temporal parts.
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  9. Social Science as a Guide to Social Metaphysics?Katherine Hawley - 2018 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 49 (2):187-198.
    If we are sympathetic to the project of naturalising metaphysics, how should we approach the metaphysics of the social world? What role can the social sciences play in metaphysical investigation? In the light of these questions, this paper examines three possible approaches to social metaphysics: inference to the best explanation from current social science, conceptual analysis, and Haslanger-inspired ameliorative projects.
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  10.  85
    Art, Ethics, and Critical Pluralism.Katherine Thomson-Jones - 2012 - Metaphilosophy 43 (3):275-293.
    Those who have views about the relation between aesthetic and ethical value often also have views about the nature of art criticism. Yet no one has paid much attention to the compatibility of views in one debate with views in the other. This is worrying in light of a tension between two popular kinds of view: namely, between critical pluralism and any view in the art and ethics debate that presupposes an invariant relation between aesthetic value and ethical value. Specifically, (...)
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  11.  33
    Definitions and Empirical Justification in Christian Wolff’s Theory of Science.Katherine Dunlop - 2018 - History of Philosophy & Logical Analysis 21 (1):149-176.
    This paper argues that in Christian Wolff’s theory of knowledge, logical regimentation does not take the place of experiential justification, but serves to facilitate the application of empirical information and clearly exhibit its warrant. My argument targets rationalistic interpretations such as R. Lanier Anderson’s. It is common ground in this dispute that making concepts “distinct” issues in the premises on which all deductive justification rests. Against the view that concepts are made distinct only by analysis, which is carried out by (...)
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  12. Weak discernibility.Katherine Hawley - 2006 - Analysis 66 (4):300–303.
    Simon Saunders argues that, although distinct objects must be discernible, they need only be weakly discernible (Saunders 2003, 2006a). I will argue that this combination of views is unmotivated: if there can be objects which differ only weakly, there can be objects which don’t differ at all.
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  13.  12
    Freedom and Fault.Katherine Rose Hanley - 1977 - New Scholasticism 51 (4):494-512.
  14.  10
    And then I saw her race: Race-based expectations affect infants’ word processing.Drew Weatherhead & Katherine S. White - 2018 - Cognition 177 (C):87-97.
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  15.  17
    Weak discernibility.Katherine Hawley - 2006 - Analysis 66 (292):300-303.
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  16. La educación ciudadana: acerca de un sentido ético y político de la ciudadanía.Katherine Esponda - 2011 - Logos: Revista de la Facultad de Filosofia y Humanidades 20:43-58.
    It is necessary to educate citizens so that they consider themselves to be the subjects of rights and duties. In order to defend this thesis, all deficiencies present on the current concept of citizenship are hereby presented. Victoria Camps’ proposal about public virtues is outlined next, allowing the proposition of an understanding of the citizenship from an ethical and political sense. Finally, it is concluded that it is important to consider the education of citizens as an objective to reach in (...)
     
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  17.  7
    Sobre la responsabilidad en la ética Aristotélica.Katherine Esponda - 2016 - Praxis Filosófica 43:128-154.
    Al considerar las circunstancias que definen el carácter voluntario deuna acción cabe preguntarse: ¿bajo qué condiciones se puede decir quealguien es moralmente responsable cuando actúa? Para responder estainquietud el artículo está divido en cuatro secciones: (i) se explican lascondiciones voluntaria, involuntaria y no voluntaria de la acción humana;(ii) se profundiza en la tríada deseo, deliberación y elección como parte delo voluntario: (iii) se analiza en qué caso se reconoce responsabilidad enla acción voluntaria; (iv) se reflexiona sobre la incidencia del carácter (...)
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  18.  94
    The mathematical form of measurement and the argument for Proposition I in Newton’s Principia.Katherine Dunlop - 2012 - Synthese 186 (1):191-229.
    Newton characterizes the reasoning of Principia Mathematica as geometrical. He emulates classical geometry by displaying, in diagrams, the objects of his reasoning and comparisons between them. Examination of Newton’s unpublished texts shows that Newton conceives geometry as the science of measurement. On this view, all measurement ultimately involves the literal juxtaposition—the putting-together in space—of the item to be measured with a measure, whose dimensions serve as the standard of reference, so that all quantity is ultimately related to spatial extension. I (...)
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  19.  21
    Applied Metaphysics.Katherine Hawley - 2016 - In Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen, Kimberley Brownlee & David Coady (eds.), A Companion to Applied Philosophy. Malden, MA: Wiley. pp. 163–179.
    Metaphysics can be used to help us understand the world, and has applications both within philosophy and beyond. Within philosophy, metaphysical questions arise whether we are thinking about ethics, art, religion, or science. Beyond philosophy, there are many areas where metaphysics can be applied. Case studies in this chapter include applied ontology in information science, social ontology in both philosophy and the social sciences, and questions about classification and kinds in psychiatry.
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  20.  11
    REFRESH: A new approach to modeling dimensional biases in perceptual similarity and categorization.Adam N. Sanborn, Katherine Heller, Joseph L. Austerweil & Nick Chater - 2021 - Psychological Review 128 (6):1145-1186.
  21.  55
    The origins and “possibility” of concepts in Wolff and Kant: Comments on Nicholas Stang, Kant's Modal Metaphysics.Katherine Dunlop - 2018 - European Journal of Philosophy 26 (3):1134-1140.
  22. The unity of time's measure: Kant's reply to Locke.Katherine Dunlop - 2009 - Philosophers' Imprint 9:1-31.
    In a crucial passage of the second-edition Transcendental Deduction, Kant claims that the concept of motion is central to our understanding of change and temporal order. I show that this seemingly idle claim is really integral to the Deduction, understood as a replacement for Locke’s “physiological” epistemology (cf. A86-7/B119). Béatrice Longuenesse has shown that Kant’s notion of distinctively inner receptivity derives from Locke. To explain the a priori application of concepts such as succession to this mode of sensibility, Kant construes (...)
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  23. Welfare rights and conflicts of rights.Katherine Eddy - 2006 - Res Publica 12 (4):337-356.
    The fact that welfare rights – rights to food, shelter and medical care – will conflict with one another is often taken to be good reason to exclude welfare rights from the catalogue of genuine rights. Rather than respond to this objection by pointing out that all rights conflict, welfare rights proponents need to take the conflicts objection seriously. The existence of potentially conflicting and more weighty normative considerations counts against a claim’s status as a genuine right. To think otherwise (...)
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  24.  90
    Poincaré on the Foundations of Arithmetic and Geometry. Part 1: Against “Dependence-Hierarchy” Interpretations.Katherine Dunlop - 2016 - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 6 (2):274-308.
    The main goal of part 1 is to challenge the widely held view that Poincaré orders the sciences in a hierarchy of dependence, such that all others presuppose arithmetic. Commentators have suggested that the intuition that grounds the use of induction in arithmetic also underlies the conception of a continuum, that the consistency of geometrical axioms must be proved through arithmetical induction, and that arithmetical induction licenses the supposition that certain operations form a group. I criticize each of these readings. (...)
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  25.  49
    VII—Vagueness and Existence.Katherine Hawley - 2002 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 102 (2):125-140.
    Vague existence can seem like the worst kind of vagueness in the world, or seem to be an entirely unintelligible notion. This bad reputation is based upon the rumour that if there is vague existence then there are non-existent objects. But the rumour is false: the modest brand of vague existence entailed by certain metaphysical theories of composition does not deserve its bad reputation.
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  26. Formalism.Katherine Thomson-Jones - 2008 - In Paisley Livingston & Carl R. Plantinga (eds.), The Routledge Companion to Philosophy and Film. New York: Routledge.
     
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  27. Problems and alignments in African labor.Katherine S. Van Eerde - forthcoming - Social Research: An International Quarterly.
     
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  28.  11
    Dilthey and Husserl.Mary Katherine Tillman - 1976 - Journal of the British Society for Phenomenology 7 (2):123-130.
  29. Why Temporary Properties Are Not Relations Be- tween Physical Objects and Times.Katherine Hawley - 1998 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 98 (2):211–216.
    Take this banana. It is now yellow, and when I bought it yesterday it was green. How can a single object be both green all over and yellow all over without contradiction? It is, of course, the passage of time which dissolves the contradiction, but how is this possible? How can a banana ripen? These questions raise the problem of change. The problem is sometimes called the problem of temporary intrinsics, but, as I shall explain below, this emphasis on intrinsic (...)
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  30.  43
    Against Ideal Rights.Katherine Eddy - 2008 - Social Theory and Practice 34 (3):463-481.
  31.  15
    Dilthey, Selected Writings, edited, translated and introduced by H. P. Rickman.Mary Katherine Tillman - 1978 - Journal of the British Society for Phenomenology 9 (2):135-137.
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  32.  70
    W. Dilthey and J.h. Newman on prepredicative thought.Mary Katherine Tillman - 1985 - Human Studies 8 (4):345 - 355.
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  33.  22
    Effect sizes and meta-analysis indicate no sex dimorphism in the human or rodent corpus callosum.Douglas Wahlsten & Katherine M. Bishop - 1998 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (3):338-339.
    Sex dimorphism occurs when group means differ by four or more standard deviations. However, the average size of the corpus callosum is greater in males by about one standard deviation in rats, 0.2 standard deviation in humans, and virtually zero in mice. Furthermore, variations in corpus callosum size are related to brain size and are not sex specific.
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  34.  9
    Invisible: People with Disability and (In)equity in Precision Medicine Research.Maya Sabatello & Katherine E. McDonald - 2024 - American Journal of Bioethics 24 (3):103-106.
    Galasso (2024) shares findings from narrative analyses of relevant constituting material of and interviews with leaders in two national precision medicine research (PMR) programs: 100KGP of Genomic...
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  35.  74
    The Tension Between Intellectual and Moral Education in the Thought of John Henry Newman.Mary Katherine Tillman - 1985 - Thought: Fordham University Quarterly 60 (3):322-334.
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  36.  67
    Poincaré on the Foundations of Arithmetic and Geometry. Part 2: Intuition and Unity in Mathematics.Katherine Dunlop - 2017 - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 7 (1):88-107.
    Part 1 of this article exposed a tension between Poincaré’s views of arithmetic and geometry and argued that it could not be resolved by taking geometry to depend on arithmetic. Part 2 aims to resolve the tension by supposing not merely that intuition’s role is to justify induction on the natural numbers but rather that it also functions to acquaint us with the unity of orders and structures and show practices to fit or harmonize with experience. I argue that in (...)
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  37.  24
    Kant’s Mathematical World, by Daniel Sutherland.Katherine Dunlop - forthcoming - Mind:fzad031.
    Kant’s Mathematical World (KMW) is a strikingly original, richly detailed account of Kant’s philosophy of mathematics as a reckoning with the long-held understa.
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  38.  4
    Effects of distributed practice and criterion level on word retrieval in aphasia.Julia Schuchard, Katherine A. Rawson & Erica L. Middleton - 2020 - Cognition 198:104216.
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  39. Some remarks on Locke's use of thought experiments.David Soles & Katherine Bradfield - 2001 - Locke Studies 1:31-62.
     
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  40.  15
    Memory, Technology, and Wisdom.Katherine Elkins - 2022 - Graduate Faculty Philosophy Journal 43 (2):297-321.
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  41.  30
    Vitoria, Cajetan, and the Conciliarists.Katherine Elliot van Liere - 1997 - Journal of the History of Ideas 58 (4):597.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:Vitoria, Cajetan, and the ConciliaristsKatherine Elliot van LiereFrancisco de Vitoria, professor of theology at the University of Salamanca from 1526 until his death in 1546, is widely recognized as the leader of the sixteenth-century scholastic revival and one of the foremost Catholic political thinkers of his day. His surviving relectiones (the lectures given in Salamanca at the end of each university term) cover a wide range of issues from (...)
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  42.  14
    Feminism and World Religions.Arvind Sharma & Katherine K. Young - 1999 - SUNY Press.
    Addressing religion and feminism on a global scale, this unprecedented book contains a nuanced and fine-tuned treatment of seven of the world's religions from a feminist perspective by leading women scholars. The fact that these authors share a dual but undivided commitment both to themselves as women and to their traditions as adherents imparts to their voices a prophetic quality, and if Mahatma Gandhi is to be believed, even scriptural value.
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  43. Deaf : a culturally-sustaining philosophy for deaf education.Steven J. Singer & Katherine M. J. Vroman - 2019 - In Derek Ford (ed.), Keywords in Radical Philosophy and Education: Common Concepts for Contemporary Movements. Boston: Brill.
     
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  44.  40
    John Henry Newman.M. Katherine Tillman - 2013 - Newman Studies Journal 10 (1):5-14.
    After considering the meaning of “wisdom” in the Hellenic and Semitic Traditions, this essay examines Newman’s views about “worldly wisdom” in both a practical and a philosophical sense and then considers “holy wisdom” as contemplative and transcendent.
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  45.  35
    Mary in the Writings of John Henry Newman.Mary Katherine Tillman - 2005 - Newman Studies Journal 2 (2):86-94.
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  46. Types of Personal Identity.Katherine Hawley - 1997 - Cogito 11 (2):117-122.
    This is a paper, aimed at students, which sets out some issues regarding personal identity over time.
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  47.  13
    Eric Watkins, Kant on Laws Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2019 Pp. xv + 297 ISBN 9781107163911 (hbk) £75.00.Katherine Dunlop - 2021 - Kantian Review 26 (4):667-671.
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  48.  9
    Foreword.Katherine Dunlop & Samuel Levey - 2018 - History of Philosophy & Logical Analysis 21 (1):11-12.
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  49.  2
    Hobbes’s Mathematical Thought.Katherine Dunlop - 2013 - In Aloysius Martinich & Kinch Hoekstra (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Hobbes. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
    The geometrical results included in De Corpore were intended to demonstrate the power of Hobbes’s approach to philosophy and cement his standing as a mathematician. They were promptly refuted, making his geometry an object of derision. I defend Hobbes’s mathematical program by showing that it addressed important needs and that similar ideas formed the basis of Newton’s calculus. In closing, I consider how placing Hobbes’s geometrical doctrine in its historical setting can further our understanding of his philosophy.
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  50.  27
    La Maison De Vénus.Katherine M. D. Dunbabin - 1980 - The Classical Review 30 (01):117-.
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