Results for 'John D. Proios'

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  1. Plato, Sophist 259C7–D7: Contrary Predication and Genuine Refutation.John D. Proios - 2023 - Classical Quarterly 73 (1):66-77.
    This paper defends an interpretation of Plato, Soph. 259c7–d7, which describes a distinction between genuine and pretender forms of ‘examination’ or ‘refutation’ (ἔλεγχος). The passage speaks to a need, throughout the dialogue, to differentiate the truly philosophical method from the merely eristic method. But its contribution has been obscured by the appearance of a textual problem at 259c7–8. As a result, scholars have largely not recognized that the Eleatic Stranger recommends accepting contrary predication as a condition of genuine refutation. After (...)
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  2. Plato on Natural Kinds: The Promethean Method of the Philebus.John D. Proios - 2022 - Apeiron 55 (2):305-327.
    Plato’s invention of the metaphor of carving the world by the joints gives him a privileged place in the history of natural kind theory in philosophy and science; he is often understood to present a paradigmatic but antiquated view of natural kinds as possessing eternal, immutable, necessary essences. Yet, I highlight that, as a point of distinction from contemporary views about natural kinds, Plato subscribes to an intelligent-design, teleological framework, in which the natural world is the product of craft and, (...)
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  3. Division and Proto-Racialism in the Statesman.John Proios - 2022 - In Matthew Clemente, Bryan J. Cocchiara & William J. Hendel (eds.), misReading Plato: Continental and Psychoanalytic Glimpses Beyond the Mask. New York: Routledge Publishing. pp. 188-201.
    In Plato’s Statesman, the Eleatic Stranger applies a specialized method of inquiry—the “method of collection and division”, or “method of division”—in order to discover the nature of statecraft. This paper articulates some consequences of the fact that the method is both a tool for identifying natural kinds—that is, a tool for carving the world by its joints (Phaedrus 265b-d)—and social kinds—that is, the kinds depending on human beings for their existence and explanation. A central goal of the paper is to (...)
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  4. Ethical Narratives and Oppositional Consciousness.John Proios - 2021 - Apa Newsletter on Feminism and Philosophy 20 (3):11-15.
    The purpose of this paper is to consider the ethical, political, and epistemological dimensions of upward mobility, through higher education, from a personal perspective. I explore some of the contradictions exposed in my experience pursuing aphilosophy Ph.D., in light of scholarship highlighting challenges for low socio-economic status (SES) undergraduate students. I evaluate the proposal from the philosopher Jennifer M. Morton (2019) that low-SES students need ‘clear-eyed ethical narratives’ to navigate higher education. I argue that, in order to develop these narratives, (...)
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  5.  82
    Heidegger and Aquinas: an essay on overcoming metaphysics.John D. Caputo - 1982 - New York: Fordham University Press.
    The purpose of the present study is to undertake a confrontation of the thought of Martin Heidegger and Thomas Aquinas on the question of Being and the problem ...
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  6. Ethical issues in modern medicine.John D. Arras & Robert Hunt (eds.) - 1983 - Palo Alto, Calif.: Mayfield Pub. Co..
    A textbook for undergraduates. Some 70 selections (more than half are new to this edition) follow an introductory essay. Current controversies (surrogacy, genetic engineering, proxy consent) are thoroughly covered. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR.
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  7. The anthropic cosmological principle.John D. Barrow - 1986 - New York: Oxford University Press. Edited by Frank J. Tipler.
    Ever since Copernicus, scientists have continually adjusted their view of human nature, moving it further and further from its ancient position at the center of Creation. But in recent years, a startling new concept has evolved that places it more firmly than ever in a special position. Known as the Anthropic Cosmological Principle, this collection of ideas holds that the existence of intelligent observers determines the fundamental structure of the Universe. In its most radical version, the Anthropic Principle asserts that (...)
  8.  30
    Mach's principle before Einstein.John D. Norton - 1995 - In Julian B. Barbour & H. Pfister (eds.), Mach's Principle: From Newton's Bucket to Quantum Gravity. Birkhäuser.
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  9.  48
    Theories of everything: the quest for ultimate explanation.John D. Barrow - 1991 - New York: Oxford University Press. Edited by John D. Barrow.
    In books such as The World Within the World and The Anthropic Cosmological Principle, astronomer John Barrow has emerged as a leading writer on our efforts to understand the universe. Timothy Ferris, writing in The Times Literary Supplement of London, described him as "a temperate and accomplished humanist, scientist, and philosopher of science--a man out to make a contribution, not a show." Now Barrow offers the general reader another fascinating look at modern physics, as he explores the quest for (...)
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  10.  51
    Causation is the transfer of information.John D. Collier - 1999 - In Howard Sankey (ed.), Causation and Laws of Nature. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 215--245.
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  11. A little survey of induction.John D. Norton - 2005 - In Peter Achinstein (ed.), Scientific Evidence: Philosophical Theories and Applications. pp. 9-34.
    My purpose in this chapter is to survey some of the principal approaches to inductive inference in the philosophy of science literature. My first concern will be the general principles that underlie the many accounts of induction in this literature. When these accounts are considered in isolation, as is more commonly the case, it is easy to overlook that virtually all accounts depend on one of very few basic principles and that the proliferation of accounts can be understood as efforts (...)
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  12.  4
    10 The Prayers and Tears of Jacques Derrida.John D. Caputo - 2006 - In Samuel Clark Buckner & Matthew Statler (eds.), Styles of piety: practicing philosophy after the death of God. New York: Fordham University Press. pp. 193-204.
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  13.  86
    New theories of everything: the quest for ultimate explanation.John D. Barrow - 1991 - New York: Oxford University Press. Edited by John D. Barrow.
    Will we ever discover a single scientific theory that explains everything that has ever happened and everything that will happen - a key that unlocks the ...
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  14. A Material Defense of Inductive Inference.John D. Norton - 2022 - In Stephen Hetherington & David Macarthur (eds.), Living Skepticism. Essays in Epistemology and Beyond. Boston: BRILL.
     
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  15.  54
    Epoché and faith: An interview with Jacques Derrida.John D. Caputo, Kevin Hart & Yvonne Sherwood - 2005 - In Yvonne Sherwood & Kevin Hart (eds.), Derrida and religion: other testaments. New York: Routledge.
  16. Do the causal principles of modern physics contradict causal anti-fundamentalism?John D. Norton - 2007 - In Peter Machamer & Gereon Wolters (eds.), Thinking about Causes: From Greek Philosophy to Modern Physics.
    In Norton(2003), it was urged that the world does not conform at a fundamental level to some robust principle of causality. To defend this view, I now argue that the causal notions and principles of modern physics do not express some universal causal principle, brought to light by discoveries in physics. Rather they merely assert that, according to relativity theory, spacetime has an invariant velocity, that of light; and that theories of matter admit no propagations faster than light.
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  17.  1
    Emotional intelligence and the construction and regulation of feelings.John D. Mayer & Peter Salovey - 1995 - Applied and Preventive Psychology 4 (3):197-208.
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  18. From the Primordiality of Absence to the Absence of Primordiality: Heidegger's Critique of Derrida.John D. Caputo - 1985 - In Hugh J. Silverman & Don Ihde (eds.), Hermeneutics & deconstruction. Albany: State University of New York Press. pp. 191--200.
     
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  19. The economy of signs in Husserl and Derrida: From uselessness to full employment.John D. Caputo - 1987 - In John Sallis (ed.), Deconstruction and philosophy: the texts of Jacques Derrida. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. pp. 99--113.
     
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  20.  7
    The Idea of psychology: conceptual and methodological issues.John D. Greenwood (ed.) - 1987 - Singapore: Singapore University Press, National University of Singapore.
    Red Star Over Malaya is an account of the inter-racial relations between Malays and Chinese during the final stages of the Japanese occupation. In 1947, none of the three major race of Malaya - Malays, Chinese, and Indians - regarded themselves as pan-ethnic "Malayans" with common duties and problems. With the occupation forcibly cut them off from China, Chinese residents began to look inwards towards Malaya and stake political claims, leading inevitably to a political contest with the Malays. As the (...)
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  21. The Validity of the MSCEIT: Additional Analyses and Evidence.John D. Mayer, Peter Salovey & David R. Caruso - 2012 - Emotion Review 4 (4):403-408.
    We address concerns raised by Maul (2012) regarding the validity of the Mayer-Salovey-Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test (MSCEIT). We respond to requests for clarifications of our model, and explain why the MSCEIT’s scoring methods stand up to scrutiny and why many reported reliabilities of the MSCEIT may be underestimates, using reanalyses of the test’s standardization sample of N = 5,000 to illustrate our point. We also organize findings from four recent articles that provide evidence for the MSCEIT’s validity based on its (...)
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  22.  25
    The Abuse of Casuistry: A History of Moral Reasoning.John D. Arras, Albert R. Jonsen & Stephen Toulmin - 1990 - Hastings Center Report 20 (4):35.
    Book reviewed in this article: The Abuse of Casuistry: A History of Moral Reasoning. By Albert R. Jonsen and Stephen Toulmin.
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  23. On not circumventing the quasi-transcendental: The case of Rorty and Derrida.John D. Caputo - 1993 - In Gary Brent Madison (ed.), Working through Derrida. Evanston, Ill.: Northwestern University Press. pp. 147--69.
     
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  24.  10
    Ecology, ethics, and interdependence: the Dalai Lama in conversation with leading thinkers on climate change.John D. Dunne & Daniel Goleman - 2018 - Somerville, MA, USA: Wisdom Publications. Edited by John Anthony Dunne & Daniel Goleman.
    Powerful conversations between His Holiness the Dalai Lama and leading scientists on the most pressing issue of our time. Engage with leading scientists, academics, ethicists, and activists, as well as His Holiness the Dalai Lama and His Holiness the Karmapa, who gathered in Dharamsala, India, for the twenty-third Mind and Life conference to discuss arguably the most urgent questions facing humanity today: What is happening to our planet? What can we do about it? How do we balance the concerns of (...)
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  25. The way we reason now: reflective equilibrium in bioethics.John D. Arras - 2007 - In Bonnie Steinbock (ed.), The Oxford handbook of bioethics. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 46--71.
    This article begins with some preliminary remarks about the general features and basic varieties of reflective equilibrium in moral reflection. It then considers a couple of preliminary doubts about this method. One of these doubts claims that the most plausible interpretation of RE is so comprehensive that it risks paralyzing our thinking, while the other claims that this same version of RE is insufficiently determinate in practical contexts and will thus fail to be sufficiently action-guiding. The article then explicates the (...)
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  26.  79
    Radical Hermeneutics: Repetition, Deconstruction, and the Hermeneutic Project.John D. Caputo - 1986 - Indiana University Press.
    "This is a remarkable book: wide-ranging, resonant, and well-written; it is also reflective and personable, warm and engaging." —Philosophy and Literature "With this book Caputo takes his place firmly as the foremost American, continental post-modernist... " —International Philosophical Quarterly "One cannot but be impressed by the scope of Radical Hermeneutics." —Man and World "Caputo’s study is stunning in its scope and scholarship." —Robert E. Lauder, St. John’s University, The Thomist For John D. Caputo, hermeneutics means radical thinking without (...)
  27. The Prayers and Tears of Jacques Derrida: Religion Without Religion.John D. Caputo - 1997 - Indiana University Press.
    There can be no mistaking the importance of Caputo's work." —Edith Wyschogrod "No one interested in Derrida, in Caputo, or in the larger question of postmodernism and religion can afford to ignore this pathbreaking study.
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  28.  68
    Impossibility: the limits of science and the science of limits.John D. Barrow - 1998 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    John Barrow is increasingly recognized as one of our most elegant and accomplished science writers, a brilliant commentator on cosmology, mathematics, and modern physics. Barrow now tackles the heady topic of impossibility, in perhaps his strongest book yet. Writing with grace and insight, Barrow argues convincingly that there are limits to human discovery, that there are things that are ultimately unknowable, undoable, or unreachable. He first examines the limits on scientific inquiry imposed by the deficiencies of the human mind: (...)
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  29. The Uniqueness of Man a Discussion at the Nobel Conference.John D. Roslansky & Ernan McMullin - 1969 - North-Holland Pub. Co.
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  30. Ong and Derrida on presence : a case study in the conflict of traditions.John D. Schaeffer & David Gorman - 2009 - In Michael A. Peters (ed.), Academic Writing, Philosophy and Genre. Wiley-Blackwell.
  31.  56
    Against Ethics: Contributions to a Poetics of Obligation with Constant Reference to Deconstruction.John D. Caputo - 1993 - Indiana University Press.
    "Against Ethics is beautifully written, clever, learned, thought-provoking, and even inspiring." —Theological Studies "Writing in the form of his ideas, Caputo offers the reader a truly exquisite reading experience.... his iconic style mirrors a truly refreshing honesty that draws the reader in to play." —Quarterly Journal of Speech "Against Ethics is, in my judgment, one of the most important works on philosophical ethics that has been written in recent years.... Caputo speaks with a passion and a concern that are rare (...)
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  32.  58
    A method in search of a purpose: The internal morality of medicine.John D. Arras - 2001 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 26 (6):643 – 662.
    I begin this commentary with an expanded typology of theories that endorse an internal morality of medicine. I then subject these theories to a philosophical critique. I argue that the more robust claims for an internal morality fail to establish a stand-alone method for bioethics because they ignore crucial non-medical values, violate norms of justice and fail to establish the normativity of medical values. I then argue that weaker versions of internalism avoid such problems, but at the cost of failing (...)
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  33. The Weakness of God: A Theology of the Event.John D. Caputo - 2006 - Indiana University Press.
    Applying an ever more radical hermeneutics, John D. Caputo breaks down the name of God in this irrepressible book. Instead of looking at God as merely a name, Caputo views it as an event, or what the name conjures or promises in the future. For Caputo, the event exposes God as weak, unstable, and barely functional. While this view of God flies in the face of most religions and philosophies, it also puts up a serious challenge to fundamental tenets (...)
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  34.  15
    A model for the control of ingestion.John D. Davis & Michael W. Levine - 1977 - Psychological Review 84 (4):379-412.
  35.  41
    Bioethics & Human Rights: Access to Health-Related Goods.John D. Arras & Elizabeth M. Fenton - 2009 - Hastings Center Report 39 (5):27-38.
    There are many good reasons for a merger between bioethics and human rights. First, though, significant philosophical groundwork must be done to clarify what a human right to health would be and—if we accept that it exists—exactly how it might influence the practical decisions we face about who gets what in very different contexts.
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  36.  29
    The Fragile Web of Responsibility: AIDS and the Duty to neat.John D. Arras - 1988 - Hastings Center Report 18 (2):10-20.
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  37.  40
    The material theory of induction.John D. Norton - 2021 - Calgary, Alberta, Canada: University of Calgary Press.
    The inaugural title in the new, Open Access series BSPS Open, The Material Theory of Induction will initiate a new tradition in the analysis of inductive inference. The fundamental burden of a theory of inductive inference is to determine which are the good inductive inferences or relations of inductive support and why it is that they are so. The traditional approach is modeled on that taken in accounts of deductive inference. It seeks universally applicable schemas or rules or a single (...)
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  38.  69
    Freestanding pragmatism in law and bioethics.John D. Arras - 2001 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 22 (2):69-85.
    This paper represents the first installment of alarger project devoted to the relevance of pragmatism forbioethics. One self-consciously pragmatist move would be toreturn to the classical pragmatist canon of Peirce, James andDewey in search of substantive doctrines or methodologicalapproaches that might be applied to current bioethicalcontroversies. Another pragmatist (or neopragmatist) move wouldbe to subject the regnant principlist paradigm to Richard Rorty'ssubversive assaults on foundationalism in epistemology andethics. A third pragmatist method, dubbed ``freestandingpragmatism'' by its proponents, embraces a ``pragmatist'' approachto practical (...)
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  39. The Prayers and Tears of Jacques Derrida: Religion without Religion.John D. Caputo - 1997 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 60 (2):398-401.
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  40. Philosophy in Einstein's science.John D. Norton - 2019 - In Philip MacEwen (ed.), Idealist Alternatives to Materialist Philosophies of Science. Leiden: BRILL.
    Albert Einstein read philosophy. It was not an affectation of a celebrity-physicist trying to show his adoring public that he was no mere technician, but a cultured thinker. It was an interest in evidence from the start. In 1902, Einstein was a poorly paid patent examiner in Bern seeking to make a few extra Francs by offering tutorials in physics. Maurice Solovine answered the advertisement. The tutorials quickly vanished when they discovered their common fascinations in reading and talking. They were (...)
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  41.  17
    Toward an Ethic of Ambiguity.John D. Arras - 1984 - Hastings Center Report 14 (2):25-33.
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  42. The mystical element in Heidegger's thought.John D. Caputo - 1978 - New York: Fordham University Press.
    'This book is a model of philosophical and Heideggerian scholarship.
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  43.  20
    Radical Hermeneutics: Repetition, Deconstruction, and the Hermeneutic Project.John D. Caputo - 1986 - Philosophy Today 30 (4):271-277.
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  44. The hedgehog and the Borg: Common morality in bioethics.John D. Arras - 2009 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 30 (1):11-30.
    In this commentary, I critically discuss the respective views of Gert and Beauchamp–Childress on the nature of so-called common morality and its promise for enriching ethical reflection within the field of bioethics. Although I endorse Beauchamp and Childress’ shift from an emphasis on ethical theory as the source of moral norms to an emphasis on common morality, I question whether rouging up common morality to make it look like some sort of ultimate and universal foundation for morality, untouched by the (...)
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  45.  63
    On Religion.John D. Caputo - 2001 - New York: Routledge.
    John D. Caputo explores the very roots of religious thinking in this thought-provoking book. Compelling questions come up along the way: 'What do I love when I love my God?' and 'What can Star Wars tell us about the contemporary use of religion?' Why is religion for many a source of moral guidance in a postmodern, nihilistic age? Is it possible to have 'religion without religion'? Drawing on contemporary images of religion, such as Robert Duvall's film _The Apostle_, Caputo (...)
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  46.  24
    Radical Hermeneutics.John D. Caputo - 1986 - Philosophy Today 30 (4):271-277.
  47.  53
    The Insistence of God: A Theology of Perhaps.John D. Caputo - 2013 - Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
    The Insistence of God presents the provocative idea that God does not exist, God insists, while God’s existence is a human responsibility, which may or may not happen. For John D. Caputo, God’s existence is haunted by "perhaps," which does not signify indecisiveness but an openness to risk, to the unforeseeable. Perhaps constitutes a theology of what is to come and what we cannot see coming. Responding to current critics of continental philosophy, Caputo explores the materiality of perhaps and (...)
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  48.  26
    Methods in bioethics: the way we reason now.John D. Arras - 2017 - New York, NY: Oxford University Press. Edited by James F. Childress & Matthew Adams.
    Principlism : the Borg of bioethics -- A common morality for hedgehogs : Bernard Gert -- Getting down to cases : the revival of casuistry in bioethics -- Nice story but so what : narrative and justification in ethics -- Dewey and Rorty's pragmatism and bioethics -- Freestanding pragmatism in bioethics and law -- A method in search of a purpose : the internal morality of medicine -- Method to rule them all? Reflective equilibrium in bioethics -- Concluding reflections : (...)
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  49.  42
    Bringing the Hospital Home Ethical and Social Implications of High‐Tech Home Care.John D. Arras & Nancy Neveloff Dubler - 1994 - Hastings Center Report 24 (5):19-22.
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  50.  4
    An American ethic: a philosophy of freedom applied to contemporary issues.John D. Gerken - 1995 - Middletown, N.J.: Caslon Co..
    An American Ethic takes the basis for American life - freedom - and describes the reality behind that abstraction, the transcendent nature of man. The book analyzes freedom and communication along with the inalienable rights and obligations that necessarily flow from the transcendent nature of man. It explains and distinguishes the usual norms of morality: natural law, positive law, religion, and conscience; and then proceeds to discuss contemporary moral issues: sanction for crime, animal rights, business ethics, sexual morality, homosexuality, and (...)
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