Results for 'E. Lalumera'

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  1. Lalumera, E. 2017 Understanding schizophrenia through Wittgenstein: empathy, explanation, and philosophical clarification, in Schizophrenia and Common Sense, Hipólito, I., Gonçalves, J., Pereira, J. (eds.). SpringerNature, Mind-Brain Studies.E. Lalumera - forthcoming - In I. Hipolito, J. Goncalves & J. Pereira (eds.), Schizophrenia and Common Sense, Hipólito, I., Gonçalves, J., Pereira, J. (eds.). SpringerNature, Mind-Brain Studies. Dordrecht: Springer.
    Wittgenstein’s concepts shed light on the phenomenon of schizophrenia in at least three different ways: with a view to empathy, scientific explanation, or philosophical clarification. I consider two different “positive” wittgensteinian accounts―Campbell’s idea that delusions involve a mechanism of which different framework propositions are parts, Sass’ proposal that the schizophrenic patient can be described as a solipsist, and a Rhodes’ and Gipp’s account, where epistemic aspects of schizophrenia are explained as failures in the ordinary background of certainties. I argue that (...)
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  2. Fanti, S., Oyen, W., & Lalumera, E. (2019). Consensus Procedures in Oncological Imaging: The Case of Prostate Cancer.Stefano Fanti, Wim Oyen & Elisabetta Lalumera - 2019 - Cancers 11:1178-1190.
    Recently, there has been increasing interest in methodological aspects of advanced imaging, including the role of guidelines, recommendations, and experts’ consensus, the practice of self-referral, and the risk of diagnostic procedure overuse. In a recent Delphi study of the European Association for Nuclear Medicine (EANM), panelists were asked to give their opinion on 47 scientific questions about imaging in prostate cancer. Nine additional questions exploring the experts’ attitudes and opinions relating to the procedure of consensus building itself were also included. (...)
     
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  3. Self-knowledge * edited by Anthony Hatzimoysis.E. Lalumera - 2012 - Analysis 72 (3):619-620.
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  4. Concetti: capacità o rappresentazioni?E. Lalumera - 2008 - Epistemologia 31 (1):75-96.
     
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  5.  4
    Concetti, definizioni e analiticità.Elisabetta Lalumera - 2001 - Lingua E Stile 36 (1):25-42.
    Classical philosophical notions, such as conceptual truth, analyticity, and a priori knowledge, have recently re-entered the mainstream philosophical debate, after fifty years of depreciation. This paper illustrates how such notions are reintroduced and discussed in a current debate on the nature of concepts, along with the idea that a concept is individuated by an implicit definition. This traditional Neopositivist device has recently been redeployed by writers such as Peacocke, Horwich, and Boghossian. Implicit definitions raise a variety of interesting issues, from (...)
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  6. Saving the DSM-5? Descriptive conceptions and theoretical concepts of mental disorders.Elisabetta Lalumera - 2016 - Medicina E Storia 9.
    At present, psychiatric disorders are characterized descriptively, as the standard within the scientific community for communication and, to a certain extent, for diagnosis, is the DSM, now at its fifth edition. The main reasons for descriptivism are the aim of achieving reliability of diagnosis and improving communication in a situation of theoretical disagreement, and the Ignorance argument, which starts with acknowledgment of the relative failure of the project of finding biomarkers for most mental disorders. Descriptivism has also the advantage of (...)
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  7.  16
    Il problema della classificazione dei disturbi mentali.Elisabetta Lalumera - 2019 - In Rossella Guerini & Massimo Marraffa (eds.), Psicopatologia e scienze della mente. Roma RM, Italia: pp. 53-62.
    Le controversie nosologiche in psichiatria siano orientate da ragioni sia epistemiche che non epistemiche, da questioni di evidenza ma anche di etica e sociologia della scienza, data la presenza di vari programmi di ricerca, di metodologie e anche di agenti differenti che si focalizzano sul problema del disturbo mentale. I due casi qui brevemente considerati, quello della Disposofobia e quello del Disturbo di personalità narcisistica mostrano, assieme al ruolo dell’evidenza empirica, da un lato il peso delle ragioni etiche dei gruppi (...)
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  8. Saving the DSM-5? Descriptive conceptions and theoretical concepts of mental disorders. MEDICINA & STORIA, 109-128.Elisabetta Lalumera - 2016 - Medicina E Storia 2 (9-10):109-129.
    Abstract: At present, psychiatric disorders are characterized descriptively, as the standard within the scientific community for communication and, to a cer- tain extent, for diagnosis, is the DSM, now at its fifth edition. The main rea- sons for descriptivism are the aim of achieving reliability of diagnosis and improving communication in a situation of theoretical disagreement, and the Ignorance argument, which starts with acknowledgment of the relative fail- ure of the project of finding biomarkers for most mental disorders. Descrip- tivism (...)
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  9.  13
    Etica della comunicazione sanitaria.Elisabetta Lalumera - 2022 - Bologna BO, Italia: Mulino.
    Una sintetica introduzione alle principali questioni etiche e filosofiche riguardanti la comunicazione sanitaria: la comunicazione fra medico e paziente e quella fra istituzioni, sanitari e cittadini. In uno scenario in cui autonomia e consenso della persona sono sempre più rilevanti nelle scelte di cura e di tutela della salute, l’autrice delinea un quadro concettuale aggiornato per affrontare temi problematici come la comunicazione della diagnosi, l’impostazione delle campagne di prevenzione e salute pubblica, il ruolo dei medici come esperti nei media. -/- (...)
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  10.  62
    Reference, knowledge, and scepticism about meaning.Elisabetta Lalumera - 2007 - Sorites (19):1-18.
    This paper explores the possibility of resisting meaning scepticism – the thesis that there are many alternative incompatible assignments of reference to each of our terms - by appealing to the idea that the nature of reference is to maximize knowledge. If the reference relation is a knowledge maximizing-relation, then some candidate referents are privileged among the others - i.e., those referents we are in a position to know about – and a positive reason against meaning scepticism is thus individuated. (...)
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  11.  15
    Il criterio del “danno” nella definizione di disturbo mentale del DSM. Alcune riflessioni epistemologiche.Maria Cristina Amoretti & Elisabetta Lalumera - 2018 - Rivista Internazionale di Filosofia e Psicologia 9 (2):139-150.
    Riassunto: In questo contributo analizzeremo il criterio del danno, presente nella definizione generale di disturbo mentale del DSM. La questione ha rilevanza sia da un punto di vista filosofico, perché il danno è una componente normativa e valoriale, non oggettiva, sia da un punto di vista clinico, perché chi ha difeso il criterio del danno ha spesso sostenuto che in sua assenza avremmo troppi falsi positivi. Infine, ha importanza dal punto di vista socio-sanitario in relazione al rapporto tra la psichiatria (...)
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  12.  75
    The DSM-5 introduction of the Social (Pragmatic) Communication Disorder as a new mental disorder: a philosophical review.M. Cristina Amoretti, Elisabetta Lalumera & Davide Serpico - 2021 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 43 (4):1-31.
    The latest edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders included the Social Communication Disorder as a new mental disorder characterized by deficits in pragmatic abilities. Although the introduction of SPCD in the psychiatry nosography depended on a variety of reasons—including bridging a nosological gap in the macro-category of Communication Disorders—in the last few years researchers have identified major issues in such revision. For instance, the symptomatology of SPCD is notably close to that of Autism Spectrum Disorder. This (...)
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  13. Overcoming Expert Disagreement In A Delphi Process. An Exercise In Reverse Epistemology.Lalumera Elisabetta - 2015 - Humana Mente 8 (28):87-103.
    Disagreement among experts is a central topic in social epistemology. What should an expert do when confronted with the different opinion of an epistemic peer? Possible answers include the steadfast view (holding to one’s belief), the abstemious view (suspending one’s judgment), and moderate conciliatory views, which specify criteria for belief change when a peer’s different opinion is encountered. The practice of Delphi techniques in healthcare, medicine, and social sciences provides a real-life case study of expert disagreement, where disagreement is gradually (...)
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  14.  78
    MERRINGTON, E. N. -The Problem of Personality. [REVIEW]A. E. T. A. E. T. - 1917 - Mind 26:489.
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  15. J. E. Erdmann, Grundriss der Geschichte der Philosophie. 4. Aufl. bearb. von Benno Erdmann. [REVIEW]E. Adickes - 1899 - Société Française de Philosophie, Bulletin 3:344.
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  16. BRÉHIER, É. -Histoire de la Philosophie, Tome II, 1. [REVIEW]A. E. T. A. E. T. - 1930 - Mind 39:526.
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  17. JOURDAIN, E. F. -On the Theory of the Infinite in Modern Thought. [REVIEW]A. E. T. A. E. T. - 1911 - Mind 20:437.
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  18. ROLFES, E. -Die Philosophie des Aristoteles als Naturerklärung und Weltanschauung. [REVIEW]A. E. T. A. E. T. - 1925 - Mind 34:105.
     
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  19. URWICK, E. J. -The Message of Plato. [REVIEW]A. E. T. A. E. T. - 1921 - Mind 30:235.
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  20. E. W. BETH, "Mathematical Thought. An Introduction to the Philosophy of Mathematics". [REVIEW]E. Agazzi - 1967 - Rivista di Filosofia Neo-Scolastica 59:251.
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  21. Scienza e sapienza.E. Albino - 1997 - Studium 93 (3):335-348.
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  22. Concepts: Stored or created?Marco Mazzone & Elisabetta Lalumera - 2010 - Minds and Machines 20 (1):47-68.
    Are concepts stable entities, unchanged from context to context? Or rather are they context-dependent structures, created on the fly? We argue that this does not constitute a genuine dilemma. Our main thesis is that the more a pattern of features is general and shared, the more it qualifies as a concept. Contextualists have not shown that conceptual structures lack a stable, general core, acting as an attractor on idiosyncratic information. What they have done instead is to give a contribution to (...)
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  23.  42
    Conceptual Engineering of Medical Concepts.Elisabetta Lalumera - forthcoming - In Manuel Gustavo Isaac & Kevin Scharp (eds.), New Perspectives on Conceptual Engineering.
    There is a lot of conceptual engineering going on in medical research. I substantiate this claim with two examples, the medical debate about cancer classification and about obesity as a disease I also argue that the proper target of conceptual engineering in medical research are experts’ conceptions. These are explicitly written down in documents and guidelines, and they bear on research and policies. In the second part of the chapter, I propose an externalist framework in which conceptions have both the (...)
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  24.  32
    Dialética e experiência.Franklin Leopoldo E. Silva - 2005 - Doispontos 2 (2).
    É bem conhecida a oposição estabelecida por Kant entre experiência possível e dialética, na medida em que esta última é caracterizada como a “lógica da ilusão”. Ao mesmo tempo, o modo de pensar metafísico, que ocorre dialeticamente, em sentido kantiano, é uma tendência inevitável da razão, expressa na exigência formal de completude das categorias. Como o pensar, enquanto exercício livre da razão, é em si mesmo mais amplo do que a atividade de conhecer, própria do entendimento, o pensar contém o (...)
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  25.  84
    Reliability of molecular imaging diagnostics.Elisabetta Lalumera, Stefano Fanti & Giovanni Boniolo - 2021 - Synthese (S23):5701-5717.
    Advanced medical imaging, such as CT, fMRI and PET, has undergone enormous progress in recent years, both in accuracy and utilization. Such techniques often bring with them an illusion of immediacy, the idea that the body and its diseases can be directly inspected. In this paper we target this illusion and address the issue of the reliability of advanced imaging tests as knowledge procedures, taking positron emission tomography in oncology as paradigmatic case study. After individuating a suitable notion of reliability, (...)
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  26.  5
    Ukiyo-e Art.E. D. S. & Shigeo Miyao - 1963 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 83 (1):165.
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  27.  8
    Nación e historia. La justificación e interpretación histórica de las naciones a finales del siglo XIX y en la primera mitad del XX.Rafael E. Acevedo P. - 2014 - Co-herencia 11 (21):191-227.
    El propósito de este texto es ofrecer una visión general de la relación entre nación e historia en los debates que se generaron por parte de los historiadores y otros intelectuales de las ciencias sociales a finales del siglo XIX y durante gran parte del siglo XX. La reflexión central que se plantea consiste entonces en estudiar y mostrar cómo al mismo tiempo que las naciones modernas eran objeto de un proceso de redefinición política, en el escenario intelectual de las (...)
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  28.  49
    E. Spang-Hanssen: J. N. Madvig Bibliografi. Pp. xxiii+139. Copenhagen: Kongelige Bibliotek, 1966. Paper, 20 D.kr.E. J. Kenney - 1967 - The Classical Review 17 (3):404-404.
  29.  30
    E. de Saint-Denis: Ovide, Halieutiques. . Pp. 70 . Paris: Les Belles Lettres, 1975. Paper.E. J. Kenney - 1977 - The Classical Review 27 (2):279-279.
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  30.  26
    Jerrold E. Seigel: Rhetoric and Philosophy in Renaissance Humanism. The Union of Eloquence and Wisdom, Petrarch to Valla. Pp. xx + 268. Princeton: University Press , 1968. Cloth, £4. net. [REVIEW]E. J. Kenney - 1972 - The Classical Review 22 (1):124-124.
  31.  43
    Jerrold E. Seigel: Rhetoric and Philosophy in Renaissance Humanism. The Union of Eloquence and Wisdom, Petrarch to Valla. Pp. xx + 268. Princeton: University Press (London: Oxford University Press), 1968. Cloth, £4. net. [REVIEW]E. J. Kenney - 1972 - The Classical Review 22 (01):124-.
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  32.  36
    G. E. Moore.E. D. Klemke - 1992 - International Studies in Philosophy 24 (1):82-83.
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  33. Dormo e domine nel Decameron. LN 25 (1964) 1-4. S.E. Leone - 1964 - Paideia 19:332.
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  34. Review: The Work of E. T. Jaynes on Probability, Statistics and Statistical Physics. [REVIEW]E. T. Jaynes, D. A. Lavis & P. J. Milligan - 1985 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 36 (2):193 - 210.
    An important contribution to the foundations of probability theory, statistics and statistical physics has been made by E. T. Jaynes. The recent publication of his collected works provides an appropriate opportunity to attempt an assessment of this contribution.
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  35. Adickes, E., Kants Lehre von der doppelten Affektion unseres Ich. [REVIEW]E. Hartmann - 1933 - Philosophisches Jahrbuch 46:393-394.
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  36. Becher, E., Weltgebäude, Weltgesetze, Weltentwicklung. [REVIEW]E. Hartmann - 1915 - Philosophisches Jahrbuch 28:531-532.
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  37. Feldmann, E., Der preussische Neuhumanismus. [REVIEW]E. Hartmann - 1930 - Philosophisches Jahrbuch 43:409-411.
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  38. Franz, E., Goethe als religiöser Denker. [REVIEW]E. Hartmann - 1932 - Philosophisches Jahrbuch 45:241-242.
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  39. Günther, E., Die ontologischen Grundlagen der neueren Erkenntnistheorie. [REVIEW]E. Hartmann - 1935 - Philosophisches Jahrbuch 48:120-121.
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  40. Guyénot, E., Les Sciences de la Vie aux XVIe et XVIIIe siècles L'ldée de l'Évolution. [REVIEW]E. Hartmann - 1942 - Philosophisches Jahrbuch 55:244.
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  41. Heidelberger, E., Formen der Publizistik bei Börne und Courier. [REVIEW]E. Hartmann - 1935 - Philosophisches Jahrbuch 48:144.
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  42. Husserl, E., Jahrbuch für Philosophie und phänomenologische Forschung. [REVIEW]E. Hartmann - 1932 - Philosophisches Jahrbuch 45:107-108.
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  43. Heintel, E., Nietzsches "System" in seinen Grundbegriffen. [REVIEW]E. Hartmann - 1940 - Philosophisches Jahrbuch 53:497.
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  44. Kamke, E., Einführung in die Wahrscheinlichkeitstheorie. [REVIEW]E. Hartmann - 1933 - Philosophisches Jahrbuch 46:123-124.
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  45. Marcus, E., Das Rätsel der Sittlichkeit u. seine Lösung. [REVIEW]E. Hartmann - 1932 - Philosophisches Jahrbuch 45:370-371.
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  46. Mugler, E., Gottesdienst und Menschenadel. [REVIEW]E. Hartmann - 1932 - Philosophisches Jahrbuch 45:231-232.
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  47. Przywara. E., S. J., Religionsphilosophie katholischer Theologie. [REVIEW]E. Hartmann - 1927 - Philosophisches Jahrbuch 40:468-469.
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  48. Rogge, E., Das Kausalproblem bei Franz Brentano. [REVIEW]E. Hartmann - 1937 - Philosophisches Jahrbuch 50:141.
     
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  49. Scheller, E., Die metaphysischen und psychologischen Grundlagen der Erkenntnislehre von Alphons Gratry in ihrer Stellungnahme gegen den psychologischen Ontologismus. [REVIEW]E. Hartmann - 1923 - Philosophisches Jahrbuch 36:249-251.
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  50. Spiess, E., Die Religionstheorie v. Ernst Troeltsch. [REVIEW]E. Hartmann - 1927 - Philosophisches Jahrbuch 40:469-470.
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