Results for 'nonideal theory'

970 found
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  1.  31
    Nonideal Theory and Ethical Pragmatism in Bioethics: Value Conflicts in LGBTQ+ Family-Making.Amanda Roth - 2021 - In Elizabeth Victor & Laura K. Guidry-Grimes (eds.), Applying Nonideal Theory to Bioethics: Living and Dying in a Nonideal World. New York: Springer. pp. 375-396.
    Using a case-study involving bioethics and LGBTQ+ family-making, I demonstrate the appeal of a pragmatist ethics approach to bioethics. On the specific pragmatist view I offer, ethical progress is a matter of overcoming ethical problems. Ethical problems are here understood as conflicts that arise as we attempt to live out our values in the natural and social world and which prompt us to reflect upon and sometimes reinterpret or revise our values or practices. Pragmatism is inherently nonideal in its (...)
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  2. A Nonideal Theory of Sexual Consent.Quill R. Kukla - 2021 - Ethics 131 (2):270-292.
    Our autonomy can be compromised by limitations in our capacities, or by the power relationships within which we are embedded. If we insist that real consent requires full autonomy, then virtually no sex will turn out to be consensual. I argue that under conditions of compromised autonomy, consent must be socially and interpersonally scaffolded. To understand consent as an ethically crucial but nonideal concept, we need to think about how it is related to other requirements for ethical sex, such (...)
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  3.  40
    Applying Nonideal Theory to Bioethics: Living and Dying in a Nonideal World.Elizabeth Victor & Laura K. Guidry-Grimes (eds.) - 2021 - New York: Springer.
    This book offers new essays exploring concepts and applications of nonideal theory in bioethics. Nonideal theory refers to an analytic approach to moral and political philosophy (especially in relation to justice), according to which we should not assume that there will be perfect compliance with principles, that there will be favorable circumstances for just institutions and right action, or that reasoners are capable of being impartial. Nonideal theory takes the world as it actually is, (...)
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  4. A Nonideal Theory of Justice.Marcus Arvan - 2008 - Dissertation, University of Arizona
    This dissertation defends a “non-ideal theory” of justice: a systematic theory of how to respond justly to injustice. Chapter 1 argues that contemporary political philosophy lacks a non-ideal theory of justice, and defends a variation of John Rawls’ famous original position – a Non-Ideal Original Position – as a method with which to construct such a theory. Chapter 1 then uses the Non-Ideal Original Position to argue for a Fundamental Principle of Non-Ideal Theory: a principle (...)
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  5. Moral demands in nonideal theory.Liam B. Murphy - 2000 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    Is there a limit to the legitimate demands of morality? In particular, is there a limit to people's responsibility to promote the well-being of others, either directly or via social institutions? Utilitarianism admits no such limit, and is for that reason often said to be an unacceptably demanding moral and political view. In this original new study, Murphy argues that the charge of excessive demands amounts to little more than an affirmation of the status quo. The real problem with utilitarianism (...)
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  6. Nonideal Theory: What It Is and What It Needs to Be.David Schmidtz - 2011 - Ethics 121 (4):772-796.
  7.  11
    Nonideal Theory and Content Externalism.Jeff Engelhardt - 2024 - Oxford University Press.
    This book charges that just about every philosophical theory of mind or language developed over the past 50 years in the West is systematically inaccurate. Systemic oppression has influenced the processes that theories of mind or language purport to identify; however, that same systemic oppression has also made it so that most middle-to-upper class White men (including most philosophers of mind or language) are ignorant of systemic oppression. Consequently, most theories of mind or language are systematically inaccurate because they (...)
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  8.  33
    Doing Nonideal Theory About Gender in Global Contexts.Serene J. Khader - 2021 - Metaphilosophy 52 (1):142-165.
    This paper elaborates and renders explicit some of the views about political philosophical methodology that underlie the author’s arguments in Decolonizing Universalism: A Transnational Feminist Ethic. It shows how the author’s stances on autonomy, individualism, intersectionality, human rights, the coloniality of gender, and the oppression of genders besides man and woman grow out of a commitment to scrutinizing our normative views in light of transnational criticism and empirical information from the qualitative social sciences.
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  9.  73
    Nonideal theory and compliance—A clarification.Naima Chahboun - 2015 - European Journal of Political Theory 14 (2):229-245.
    This paper examines the various ways in which nonideal theory responds to noncompliance with ideal principles of justice. Taking Rawls’ definition of nonideal theory as my point of departure, I propose an understanding of this concept as comprising two subparts: Complementary nonideal theory responds to deliberate and avoidable noncompliance and consists mainly of theories of civil disobedience, rebellion, and retribution. Substitutive nonideal theory responds to nondeliberate and unavoidable noncompliance and consists mainly of (...)
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  10. First Steps Toward a Nonideal Theory of Justice.Marcus Arvan - 2014 - Ethics and Global Politics 7 (3):95-117.
    Theorists have long debated whether John Rawls’ conception of justice as fairness can be extended to nonideal (i.e. unjust) social and political conditions, and if so, what the proper way of extending it is. This paper argues that in order to properly extend justice as fairness to nonideal conditions, Rawls’ most famous innovation – the original position – must be reconceived in the form of a “nonideal original position.” I begin by providing a new analysis of the (...)
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  11. Can Rawls’s Nonideal Theory Save his Ideal Theory?Hye Ryoung Kang - 2016 - Social Theory and Practice 42 (1):32-56.
    Critical attention directed to John Rawls’s ideal theory has in particular leveled three charges against it: first, its infeasibility; second, its inadequacy for providing normative guidance on actual injustices; and third, its insensitivity to the justice concerns of marginalized groups. Recently, advocates for Rawls’s ideal theory have replied that problems arising at the stage of ideal theory can be addressed at the later stage of his nonideal theory. This article disputes that claim by arguing that (...)
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  12. Ideal and nonideal theory.A. John Simmons - 2010 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 38 (1):5-36.
  13.  14
    Rawls on Ideal and Nonideal Theory.Zofia Stemplowska & Adam Swift - 2013 - In Jon Mandle & David A. Reidy (eds.), A Companion to Rawls. Hoboken: Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 112–127.
    John Rawls tells at the start of A Theory of Justice that his theory is intentionally constrained in two ways: it is ideal and focuses on the justice of the basic structure of society. This chapter begins by evaluating Rawls's claim that ideal theory sets the target of reform for nonideal theory, whose task it is to work out what to do “under less happy conditions.” It states that it is unclear just when ideal (...) can inform the priorities of nonideal theory. The chapter also presents discussions on whether the ideal theory is utopian and concessive to human nature. Even the kind of nonideal theory that delivers concrete action‐guidance for “us” remains unhelpfully ideal if it does so merely in the form of policies or institutional arrangements. (shrink)
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  14.  11
    Should nonideal theory rely on ideal theory? Lessons from the Frankfurt School.Kristina Lepold - forthcoming - Journal of Social Philosophy.
    Journal of Social Philosophy, EarlyView.
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  15. Nonideal theory, self-respect, and preimplantation genetic technologies.Clair Morrissey & Elena Neale - 2019 - In E. Sills & Gianpiero Palermo (eds.), Human Embryos and Preimplantation Genetic Technologies. pp. 67-74.
    We suggest a fuller understanding of the obligation to respect patient autonomy can be gained by recognizing patients as historically and socially situated agents, whose values are developed, challenged, and changed, rather than merely applied, in their decision-making about their use of preimplantation genetic diagnosis or preimplantation genetic screening (PGD/PGS). We ground this discussion in empirical research on the patients experiences with PGD/PGS, and conclude by suggesting that promoting patients’ self-respect is a useful ethical standard for providers and practices to (...)
     
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  16.  16
    Introduction to Nonideal Theory and Its Contribution to Bioethics.Elizabeth Victor & Laura K. Guidry-Grimes - 2021 - In Elizabeth Victor & Laura K. Guidry-Grimes (eds.), Applying Nonideal Theory to Bioethics: Living and Dying in a Nonideal World. New York: Springer. pp. 3-15.
    At its core, nonideal theory is an attempt not only to address issues of justice, but it also provides us a lens through which we can articulate our limitations as knowers and reasoners, the ways in which we are relational in our autonomy needs, and the ways in which we are deeply dependent upon institutions and social supports for our agency and identities. Bringing this lens into bioethics means shifting our orientation in our scholarship and our practice. This (...)
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  17.  17
    Nonideal Theory and Philosophy of Education: Considering What Is While Working Toward What Ought to Be.Michele S. Moses - 2015 - Educational Theory 65 (2):107-110.
  18.  10
    Kant's Nonideal Theory of Politics by Dilek Huseyinzadegan.Omar Dahbour - 2020 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 58 (4):822-823.
    In this work the author attempts two, rather different, tasks in rethinking the nature of Kant's contributions to political philosophy. First, she argues that Kant's political writings depart methodologically from his critical writings on epistemology and morality. This is the significance of her use of the term 'nonideal theory' to designate the distinctive methodology that is supposedly operative in later Kantian texts such as part 1 of the Metaphysics of Morals, and especially the essays on enlightenment, world history, (...)
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  19. How is Feminist Philosophy Nonideal Theory.Serene J. Khader - forthcoming - Social Theory and Practice.
    Feminist, and other liberatory, moral and political philosophies are widely understood as nonideal theories. But if feminism is just a set of first-order normative commitments, it is unclear why it should produce action-guiding philosophy. I argue that feminist philosophy characteristically takes oppressive salience idealization (OSI) to undermine the means-end consistency of normative theories. OSI involves characterizing the world in ways that give undue weight to the interests and perspectives of the dominant. Our ability to respond to the normative problems (...)
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  20.  9
    Kant's nonideal theory of politics.Dilek Huseyinzadegan - 2019 - Evanston, Illinois: Northwestern University Press.
    Kant's Nonideal Theory of Politics" argues that Kant's political thought must be understood by reference to his philosophy of history, cultural anthropology, and geography. The central thesis of the book is that Kant's assessment of the politically salient features of history, culture, and geography generates a nonideal theory of politics, which supplements his well-known ideal theory of cosmopolitanism. This novel analysis thus challenges the common assumption that an ideal theory of cosmopolitanism constitutes Kant's sole (...)
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  21.  40
    Action-Guidance, Oppression, and Nonideal Theory.Lisa H. Schwartzman - 2016 - Feminist Philosophy Quarterly 2 (1):1-9.
    Lisa Tessman’s Moral Failure: On the Impossible Demands of Morality raises important questions about ideal theory, oppression, and the role of action guidance in normative philosophy. After a brief overview of feminist and anti-racist philosophers’ critiques of ideal theory, I examine Tessman’s claim that nonideal oppression theorists focus too narrowly on action guidance and thereby obscure other important normative issues, such as the problem of moral failure. Although I agree with Tessman’s advocacy of a wider focus—and with (...)
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  22. Ideal and Nonideal Theory in the Realm of the Political.Jaime Ahlberg - 2010 - Dissertation, The University of Wisconsin - Madison
     
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  23.  94
    Amartya Sen’s nonideal theory.Kristina Meshelski - 2019 - Ethics and Global Politics 12 (2):31-45.
    Amartya Sen argues that Rawls’s theory is not only unnecessary in the pursuit of justice, but it may even be an impediment to justice in so far as it has discouraged more useful work. Against what he considers the dominance of transcendental theory, Sen calls for a more realistic and practical ‘comparative’ theory of justice. Sen’s negative point has been widely discussed, but here I develop a reconstruction of Sen’s positive theory (a combination of Adam Smith’s (...)
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  24.  49
    Bioethics Education and Nonideal Theory.Nabina Liebow & Kelso Cratsley - 2021 - In Elizabeth Victor & Laura K. Guidry-Grimes (eds.), Applying Nonideal Theory to Bioethics: Living and Dying in a Nonideal World. New York: Springer. pp. 119-142.
    Bioethics has increasingly become a standard part of medical school education and the training of healthcare professionals more generally. This is a promising development, as it has the potential to help future practitioners become more attentive to moral concerns and, perhaps, better moral reasoners. At the same time, there is growing recognition within bioethics that nonideal theory can play an important role in formulating normative recommendations. In this chapter we discuss what this shift toward nonideal theory (...)
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  25.  12
    Ideal and Nonideal Theories: The Challenges of Decision-Making in an Imperfect World.Florencia Luna - 2021 - In Elizabeth Victor & Laura K. Guidry-Grimes (eds.), Applying Nonideal Theory to Bioethics: Living and Dying in a Nonideal World. New York: Springer. pp. 17-40.
    In this paper, I will explore the relationship between ideal and nonideal theories and bioethics. I explore the challenges we face in their implementation in the real world. I argue that there is no sole theory that can guide the multiplicity of real world cases and policies. If we consider there are a variety of possibilities, we should ask several questions: When should we use NITs and when should we opt for ITs? Are there appropriate criteria for making (...)
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  26.  43
    Ideal and nonideal theory: A conceptual overview.Milica Trifunovic - 2013 - Filozofija I Društvo 24 (2):151-173.
    Clanak se bavi konceptualnim razjasnjenjem razlike izmedju idealne i neidealne teorije. Analiza je radjena na osnovu teorije koju je Rols prezentovao u svojim knjigama?Teorija pravde? i?Pravo naroda?. Clanak ukazuje na znacaj idealne teorije, ali istovremeno i na to da je u razliku izmedju idealne i neidealne potrebno uneti dalja odredjenja. Clanak uvodi distinkciju na normativno i deskriptivno u idealnu, tj. neidealnu teoriju. Kroz ovu cetvorostruku distinkciju lakse je utvrditi funkciju svake od teorija i razdeliti polja delovanja izmedju filozofa, pravnika i (...)
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  27.  17
    Becoming Autonomous: Nonideal Theory and Educational Autonomy.Terri S. Wilson & Matthew A. Ryg - 2015 - Educational Theory 65 (2):127-150.
    Autonomy operates as a key term in debates about the rights of families to choose distinct approaches to education. Yet, what autonomy means is often complicated by the actual circumstances and contexts of schools, families, and children. In this essay, Terri S. Wilson and Matthew A. Ryg focus on the challenges involved in translating an ideal of educational autonomy into the “nonideal” contexts and circumstances that surround families' choices. Drawing on the methodological insights of Elizabeth Anderson and John Dewey, (...)
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  28.  82
    Critical Theory, Republicanism, and the Priority of Injustice: Transnational Republicanism as a Nonideal Theory.James Bohman - 2012 - Journal of Social Philosophy 43 (2):97-112.
  29.  92
    Recognition, second‐personal authority, and nonideal theory.Stephen Darwall - 2021 - European Journal of Philosophy 29 (3):562-574.
    European Journal of Philosophy, Volume 29, Issue 3, Page 562-574, September 2021.
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  30.  9
    Huseynzadegan, Dilek. Kant’s Nonideal Theory of Politics.Nuria Sánchez Madrid - 2021 - Ideas Y Valores 70 (175):190-192.
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  31.  11
    Kant’s Nonideal Theory of Politics by Dilek Huseyinzadegan.Elaine P. Miller - 2021 - Philosophia 11 (1-2):238-243.
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  32. Hate Speech, the Priority of Liberty, and the Temptations of Nonideal Theory.Robert S. Taylor - 2012 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 15 (3):353-68.
    Are government restrictions on hate speech consistent with the priority of liberty? This relatively narrow policy question will serve as the starting point for a wider discussion of the use and abuse of nonideal theory in contemporary political philosophy, especially as practiced on the academic left. I begin by showing that hate speech (understood as group libel) can undermine fair equality of opportunity for historically-oppressed groups but that the priority of liberty seems to forbid its restriction. This tension (...)
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  33.  8
    Kant's Nonideal Theory of Politics by Dilek Huseyinzadegan.Paul T. Wilford - 2020 - Review of Metaphysics 73 (3):612-614.
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  34. Dilek Huseyinzadegan, Kant's Nonideal Theory of Politics (Northwestern University Press, 2019). [REVIEW]Jennifer Mensch - 2021 - SGIR Review 4 (1-2):127-132.
    In Dilek Huseyinzadegan’s analysis of Kant’s ‘impure’ politics what we have is a startling, innovative, and ultimately convincing portrait of Kant’s systematic attention to the material conditions underlying the everyday world of political subjects. Much as theorists have sought to enrich scholarly discussions of Kant’s moral philosophy by way of attention to Kant’s ‘practical anthropology’—the empirical counterpart to an a priori formal account of morals—in this book Huseyinzadegan provides us with a parallel look at Kant’s ‘political anthropology.’ By paying close (...)
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  35. Norms, Evaluations and Ideal and Nonideal Theory.Robert Jubb - 2016 - Social Philosophy and Policy 33 (1-2):393-412.
    -/- This essay discusses the relation between ideal theory and two forms of political moralism identified by Bernard Williams, structural and enactment views. It argues that ideal theory, at least in the sense Rawls used that term, only makes sense for structural forms of moralism. These theories see their task as describing the constraints that properly apply to political agents and institutions. As a result, they are primarily concerned with norms that govern action. In contrast, many critiques of (...)
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  36.  30
    Moral Demands in Nonideal Theory[REVIEW]Allen Speight - 2001 - Review of Metaphysics 55 (1):153-154.
    Murphy’s book is concerned with what he calls the “puzzle of beneficence”: that, while there are many moral issues on which people tend to agree, there is not only no consensus about the extent of the obligation to promote the wellbeing of strangers, but in fact a contentedness about the uncertainty of our obligation in this regard. Although there are some famous philosophical suggestions concerning the reasons for this puzzle, Murphy claims that what is most important is our tendency to (...)
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  37.  45
    Principles and Policies: What Can We Learn from Popper’s “Piecemeal Social Engineering” for Ideal and Nonideal Theory?Harald Stelzer - 2016 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 46 (4):375-391.
    Even though social engineering has gained a bad reputation, due to new possibilities in the information age, it may be time to reconsider Karl Popper’s conception of “piecemeal social engineering.” Piecemeal social engineering is not only an element within Popper’s open society. It also connects his political philosophy to his philosophy of science and his evolutionary epistemology. Furthermore, it seems to fit well into the search for implementation strategies for policies and social actions in the context of nonideal (...). Nevertheless, this does not necessarily undermine the need for political ideals and first-order principles, which are inhabitants of “World 3.”. (shrink)
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  38.  25
    Getting the Distance Right: Ideal and Nonideal Theory in Philosophy of Education.Amy B. Shuffelton - 2015 - Educational Theory 65 (2):203-214.
    When the debate over the value of ideal and nonideal theory crosses from political philosophy into philosophy of education, do the implications of the debate shift, and, if so, how? In this piece, Amy Shuffelton considers the premise that no normative political theory, ideal or nonideal, is of any use to human beings unless it can be affiliated with a credible educational theory that connects human beings as they are to human beings as that (...) requires them to become. In her response to the five articles in this symposium, Shuffelton addresses their overlapping yet varied treatments of human subjectivity as developed through education. If one accepts that ideal theory is the appropriate starting place for political philosophy because otherwise we would have no polestar by which to orient ourselves, Shuffelton concludes, a corresponding philosophy of education is required to survey the trajectory between here and wherever one aims to go. To do so, it needs to keep its feet on the ground, even as it looks to the stars. If, on the other hand, ideal theory fails to heed the Yankee truism that you can't get there from here, such that philosophers who attempt to do so inevitably get lost on back roads, philosophy of education is still necessary to chart paths to reachable destinations. (shrink)
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  39.  10
    Dilek Huseyinzadegan, Kant’s Nonideal Theory of Politics. [REVIEW]Elaine P. Miller - 2021 - philoSOPHIA: A Journal of Continental Feminism 11 (1-2):238-243.
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  40.  27
    Dilek Huseyinzadegan, Kant’s Nonideal Theory of Politics Evanston, IL: Northwestern University Press, 2019 Pp. 216 ISBN 978-0-8101-3988-6 (hbk) $99.95. [REVIEW]Susan Shell - 2021 - Kantian Review 26 (1):168-171.
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  41.  12
    Kant’s nonideal theory of politics. [REVIEW]Daniel J. Smith - 2022 - Contemporary Political Theory 21 (1):19-22.
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  42.  12
    Huseynzadegan, Dilek. Kant's Nonideal Theory of Politics. Chicago: Northwestern University Press, 2019. 216 pp. [REVIEW]Nuria Sánchez Madrid - 2021 - Ideas Y Valores 70 (175):190-192.
    Resumen Ante el dilema de si la Lógica de Hegel debe entenderse como una ontología o como una continuación del proyecto kantiano de la lógica trascendental, el artículo sostiene que no es propiamente una ontología, ni un análisis de conceptos y categorías subjetivas. Su vocación metafísica se basa en el postulado según el cual la reflexión del pensamiento sobre sí mismo tiene consecuencias para la comprensión del ser de lo que no es pensamiento, de modo que resulta ser un proyecto (...)
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  43. From here to Utopia: Theories of Change in Nonideal Animal Ethics.Nico Dario Müller - 2022 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 35 (4):1-17.
    Animal ethics has often been criticized for an overreliance on “ideal” or even “utopian” theorizing. In this article, I recognize this problem, but argue that the “nonideal theory” which critics have offered in response is still insufficient to make animal ethics action-guiding. I argue that in order for animal ethics to be action-guiding, it must consider agent-centered theories of change detailing how an ideally just human-animal coexistence can and should be brought about. I lay out desiderata that such (...)
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  44.  70
    A Theory of Justice for Animals: Animal Rights in a Nonideal World.Robert Garner - 2013 - New York: Oup Usa.
    This innovative book is the first to couch the debate about animals in the language of justice, and the first to develop both ideal and nonideal theories of justice for animals. It rejects the abolitionist animal rights position in favor of a revised version of animal rights centering on sentience.
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  45. Liam Murphy, Moral Demands in Nonideal Theory, New York, Oxford University Press, 2000, pp. viii + 168.Tim Mulgan - 2003 - Utilitas 15 (1):113.
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  46.  15
    Justice and reciprocity: The case for nonideal theory.James Woodward - 2016 - Social Philosophy and Policy 33 (1-2):122-154.
    :This essay discusses and criticizes the claim that normative political theory can be divided into two parts—a part having to do with ideal theory which assumes full compliance and abstracts away from issues having to do with implementation and, contrasting with this, a nonideal part having to do with implementation and with rules and institutions appropriate for conditions of partial compliance. On this conception of ideal theory, empirical facts about human behavior and motivation, connected to issues (...)
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  47. Review of Liam Murphy, Moral Demands in Nonideal Theory[REVIEW]Thaddeus Metz - 2001 - Philosophical Review 110 (4):614-617.
    How much must a given individual benefit others, apart from any obligation to do so because of prior acts, special relationships, or self-regard? In short, to what extent is a person morally required to promote the well-being of strangers?
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  48.  90
    Ideal and Nonideal Reasoning in Educational Theory.Alison M. Jaggar - 2015 - Educational Theory 65 (2):111-126.
    The terms “ideal theory” and “nonideal theory” are used in contemporary Anglophone political philosophy to identify alternative methodological approaches for justifying normative claims. Each term is used in multiple ways. In this article Alison M. Jaggar disentangles several versions of ideal and nonideal theory with a view to determining which elements may be helpful in designing models of real-world justice that are contextually relevant, morally plausible, and practically feasible.
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  49.  24
    Liam B. Murphy moral demands in a nonideal theory. (Oxford/new York: Oxford university press, 2000). Pp. VIII+168. £30.00 (hbk). ISBN 0 19 507976. [REVIEW][M. W. F. S.] - 2001 - Religious Studies 37 (4):501-502.
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  50.  9
    Ideal and nonideal moral theory for disaster bioethics.Dónal O’Mathúna - 2016 - Human Affairs 26 (1):8-17.
    Moral theory has generally focused on resolving ethical dilemmas by identifying ethically sound options. Whether the focus is on consequences, duties, principles or virtues, ethical cases are often approached in ways that assume morally sound solutions can be found and followed. Such ‘ideal morality’ assumes that moral goodness is always possible, leaving people confident they have done the right thing. Such an approach becomes inadequate in disaster settings where any good solution is often difficult to see. This paper examines (...)
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