Results for 'Valerie Huemer'

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  1.  40
    A spatially oriented decision does not induce consciousness in a motor task.Bruce Bridgeman & Valerie Huemer - 1998 - Consciousness and Cognition 7 (3):454-464.
    Visual information follows at least two branches in the human nervous system, following a common input stage: a cognitive ''what'' branch governs perception and experience, while a sensorimotor ''how'' branch handles visually guided behavior though its outputs are unconscious. The sensorimotor system is probed with an isomorphic task, requiring a 1:1 relationship between target position and motor response. The cognitive system, in contrast, is probed with a forced qualitative decision, expressed verbally, about the location of a target. Normally, the cognitive (...)
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  2. A Hardcastle, Valerie Gray, 173 Pauen, Michael, 202 Peters, Madelon L., 27 Heywood, CA, 410 Azzopardi, Paul, 292 Hirshman, Elliot, 103 Hobson, J. Allan, 67 R B. [REVIEW]Valerie Huemer, Cristina Ramponi, Talis Bachmann, G. Keith Humphrey, Antti Revonsuo, Marlene Behrmann, Raffaella Ricci, Neil Binder, Edoardo Bisiach & Marc Jeannerod - 1998 - Consciousness and Cognition 7:647.
  3.  82
    The Myth of Pain.Valerie Gray Hardcastle - 1999 - MIT Press.
    or Browse over 3500 reviews in " by Valerie Hardcastle, Ph.D. " _Metapsychology_.
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  4. When is parsimony a virtue.Michael Huemer - 2009 - Philosophical Quarterly 59 (235):216-236.
    Parsimony is a virtue of empirical theories. Is it also a virtue of philosophical theories? I review four contemporary accounts of the virtue of parsimony in empirical theorizing, and consider how each might apply to two prominent appeals to parsimony in the philosophical literature, those made on behalf of physicalism and on behalf of nominalism. None of the accounts of the virtue of parsimony extends naturally to either of these philosophical cases. This suggests that in typical philosophical contexts, ontological simplicity (...)
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  5. The Value of Knowledge and the Pursuit of Understanding.Michael Huemer - 2004 - Mind 113 (452):763-766.
  6.  48
    A Defense of Jury Nullification.Michael Huemer - 2018 - In David Boonin, Katrina L. Sifferd, Tyler K. Fagan, Valerie Gray Hardcastle, Michael Huemer, Daniel Wodak, Derk Pereboom, Stephen J. Morse, Sarah Tyson, Mark Zelcer, Garrett VanPelt, Devin Casey, Philip E. Devine, David K. Chan, Maarten Boudry, Christopher Freiman, Hrishikesh Joshi, Shelley Wilcox, Jason Brennan, Eric Wiland, Ryan Muldoon, Mark Alfano, Philip Robichaud, Kevin Timpe, David Livingstone Smith, Francis J. Beckwith, Dan Hooley, Russell Blackford, John Corvino, Corey McCall, Dan Demetriou, Ajume Wingo, Michael Shermer, Ole Martin Moen, Aksel Braanen Sterri, Teresa Blankmeyer Burke, Jeppe von Platz, John Thrasher, Mary Hawkesworth, William MacAskill, Daniel Halliday, Janine O’Flynn, Yoaav Isaacs, Jason Iuliano, Claire Pickard, Arvin M. Gouw, Tina Rulli, Justin Caouette, Allen Habib, Brian D. Earp, Andrew Vierra, Subrena E. Smith, Danielle M. Wenner, Lisa Diependaele, Sigrid Sterckx, G. Owen Schaefer, Markus K. Labude, Harisan Unais Nasir, Udo Schuklenk, Benjamin Zolf & Woolwine (eds.), The Palgrave Handbook of Philosophy and Public Policy. Springer Verlag. pp. 39-50.
    In the practice of “jury nullification,” a jury votes to acquit a defendant despite sufficient evidence of lawbreaking, on the grounds that a conviction would be unjust, usually because the law itself is unjust or because the expected punishment would be unduly harsh. This practice is widely condemned by judges. Nevertheless, in the case of an unjust law or unduly harsh punishment, there are no good arguments against jury nullification, and there is one powerful argument in its favor: it is (...)
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  7. The Problem of Political Authority.Michael Huemer - 2012 - New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
  8.  34
    Form und Erkenntnis: Wie Kunst und Literatur Wissen vermitteln.Wolfgang Huemer - 2007 - In Alex Burri & Wolfgang Huemer (eds.), Kunst denken. Paderborn: Mentis. pp. 117-134.
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  9.  22
    Husserl's critique of psychologism and his relation to the Brentano school.Wilfgang Huemer - 2004 - In Arkadiusz Chrudzimski & Wolfgang Huemer (eds.), Phenomenology and analysis: essays on Central European philosophy. Lancaster: Ontos. pp. 199-214.
  10.  46
    Brentano on Beauty and Aesthetics.Wolfgang Huemer - 2017 - In Uriah Kriegel (ed.), The Routledge Handbook of Franz Brentano and the Brentano School. London and New York: Routledge.
    In his entire oeuvre Brentano defended a scientific conception of philosophy and advocated the adoption of a rigorous, scientific method. Given this background it might come as a surprise that in his reflections on aesthetics he firmly rejected the classic definition of aesthetics as the science of beauty. This must not be read as an expression of disinterest in – or a dismissal of – aesthetics, though. It is rather an expression of Brentano's view concerning the position of aesthetics in (...)
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  11. Implicit bias and social schema: a transactive memory approach.Valerie Soon - 2020 - Philosophical Studies 177 (7):1857-1877.
    To what extent should we focus on implicit bias in order to eradicate persistent social injustice? Structural prioritizers argue that we should focus less on individual minds than on unjust social structures, while equal prioritizers think that both are equally important. This article introduces the framework of transactive memory into the debate to defend the equal priority view. The transactive memory framework helps us see how structure can emerge from individual interactions as an irreducibly social product. If this is right, (...)
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  12.  61
    Critical traditions in contemporary archaeology: essays in the philosophy, history, and socio-politics of archaeology.Valerie Pinsky & Alison Wylie (eds.) - 1989 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    EDITORS' INTRODUCTION Perhaps the single most broadly unifying feature of the early new archaeology was the demand that archaeologists not take the aims and ...
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  13.  6
    Chrysostomus Javelli’s Epitome of Aristotle’s Liber de bona fortuna : Examining Fortune in Early Modern Italy.Valérie Cordonier & Tommaso De Robertis (eds.) - 2021 - Boston: BRILL.
    The first study, along with edition and translation, of Chrysostomus Javelli’s epitome of the _Liber de bona fortuna_ (1531), a work permitting insight into the early modern understanding of fortune, fate, and free will.
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  14. Non parlare e non tacere. Thomas Bernhard su Ludwig Wittgenstein.Wolfgang Huemer - 2020 - In Filosofia e letteratura in età moderna e contemporanea. Firenze, Italia: pp. 371-384.
  15.  89
    Feminist political theory: an introduction.Valerie Bryson - 1992 - New York: Palgrave-Macmillan.
    Feminist Political Theory provides both a wide-ranging history of western feminist thought and a lucid analysis of contemporary debates. It offers an accessible and thought-provoking account of complex theories, which it relates to 'real-life' issues such as sexual violence, political representation and the family. This timely new edition has been thoroughly updated to incorporate the most recent developments in feminism and feminist scholarship throughout, in particular taking into account the impact of black and postmodern feminist thought on feminist political theory.
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  16.  8
    The helping professional's guide to ethics: a new perspective.Valerie Bryan - 2016 - Chicago, Illinois: Lyceum Books. Edited by Scott Sanders & Laura Kaplan.
    This book develops a comprehensive framework for ethics in the helping professions based on bioethicist Bernard Gert's theory of common morality. The prevailing model of ethics education is built upon adherence to codes of ethics applied largely through the use of decision-making trees. While a firm understanding of a professions code of ethics and all relevant laws is essential to responsible practice, this approach to teaching ethics excludes the opportunity for students to acquire a holistic, and grounded understanding of moral (...)
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  17.  17
    The binding problem and neurobiological oscillations.Valerie Gray Hardcastle - 1996 - In Stuart R. Hameroff, Alfred W. Kaszniak & Alwyn Scott (eds.), Toward a Science of Consciousness: The First Tucson Discussions and Debates. MIT Press.
  18.  2
    Literaturata i neĭnata sŭdba.Valeri Stefanov - 2001 - Sofii︠a︡: Izdatelska kŭshta "Anubis".
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  19. Is critical thinking epistemically responsible?Michael Huemer - 2005 - Metaphilosophy 36 (4):522-531.
    Three ways of approaching controversial issues are: (i) To accept the conclusions of experts on their authority; (ii) to evaluate the relevant evidence/arguments for ourselves; and (iii) to simply withhold judgement. The received view recommends strategy (ii). But (ii) is normally epistemically inferior to (i) and (iii), since we are justified in believing that it is less reliable at producing true beliefs and avoiding false ones.
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  20.  79
    Is Political Authority an Illusion?: A Debate.Michael Huemer & Daniel Layman - 2021 - Routledge.
    What gives some people the right to issue commands to everyone else and force everyone else to obey them? And why should people obey the commands of those with political power? These two key questions are the heart of the issue of political authority, and, in this volume, two philosophers debate the answers. Michael Huemer argues that political authority is an illusion and that no one is entitled to rule over anyone. He discusses and rebuts the major theories supporting (...)
  21. Revisionary intuitionism.Michael Huemer - 2008 - In Ellen Frankel Paul, Fred Dycus Miller & Jeffrey Paul (eds.), Objectivism, subjectivism, and relativism in ethics. Cambridge University Press.
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  22.  19
    Human action and intentional action: a non mentalist view.Valérie Aucouturier - unknown
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  23.  5
    Giles of Rome on the Reduction of Fortune to Divine Benevolence: The Creative Error of a Parisian Theologian in the 1270s.Valérie Cordonier - 2018 - In Andreas Speer & Maxime Mauriège (eds.), Irrtum – Error – Erreur (Miscellanea Mediaevalia Band 40). Boston: De Gruyter. pp. 231-256.
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  24. "The Ethics of" De l'amitie The Essais as a Gift.Valerie M. Dionne - 2007 - In Corinne Noirot-Maguire & Valérie M. Dionne (eds.), Revelations of character: ethos, rhetoric, and moral philosophy in Montaigne. Newcastle, U.K.: Cambridge Scholars Press. pp. 47.
  25.  4
    T︠S︡inichnoto, ili, Igrata na vlast i udovolstvie.Valeri Lichev - 2000 - Sofii︠a︡: EON-2000.
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  26.  15
    Nicht-begrifflicher Gehalt und der Mythos des Gegebenen.Huemer Wolfgang - 2008 - In Helen Bohse & Sven Walter (eds.), Ausgewählte Beiträge zu den Sektionen der GAP.6. Paderborn: mentis. pp. 432-441.
  27. Mental files and belief: A cognitive theory of how children represent belief and its intensionality.Josef Perner, Michael Huemer & Brian Leahy - 2015 - Cognition 145 (C):77-88.
    We provide a cognitive analysis of how children represent belief using mental files. We explain why children who pass the false belief test are not aware of the intensionality of belief. Fifty-one 3½- to 7-year old children were familiarized with a dual object, e.g., a ball that rattles and is described as a rattle. They observed how a puppet agent witnessed the ball being put into box 1. In the agent’s absence the ball was taken from box 1, the child (...)
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  28. Lay Denial of Knowledge for Justified True Beliefs.Jennifer Nagel, Valerie San Juan & Raymond A. Mar - 2013 - Cognition 129 (3):652-661.
    Intuitively, there is a difference between knowledge and mere belief. Contemporary philosophical work on the nature of this difference has focused on scenarios known as “Gettier cases.” Designed as counterexamples to the classical theory that knowledge is justified true belief, these cases feature agents who arrive at true beliefs in ways which seem reasonable or justified, while nevertheless seeming to lack knowledge. Prior empirical investigation of these cases has raised questions about whether lay people generally share philosophers’ intuitions about these (...)
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  29. Social structural explanation.Valerie Soon - 2021 - Philosophy Compass 16 (10):e12782.
    Social problems such as racism, sexism, and inequality are often cited as structural rather than individual in nature. What does it mean to invoke a social structural explanation, and how do such explanations relate to individualistic ones? This article explores recent philosophical debates concerning the nature and usages of social structural explanation. I distinguish between two central kinds of social structural explanation: those that are autonomous from psychology, and those that are not. This distinction will help clarify the explanatory power (...)
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  30.  9
    Conversations with Madness: Meaning, Context, and Incoherence.Valérie Aucouturier - 2021 - In Maxime Amblard, Michel Musiol & Manuel Rebuschi (eds.), (In)Coherence of Discourse: Formal and Conceptual Issues of Language. Dordrecht: Springer Verlag. pp. 171-183.
    In this paper, I discuss the view defended by Manuel Rebuschi, Maxime Amblard, and Michel Musiol that schizophrenia is not entirely irrational but that the rationality of disordered discourse can be accounted for from the first-person point of view—which, by their account, is not wholly introspective but is rather defined by a certain use of the charity principle, by contrast with what they call third-person approaches. I argue in favor of the idea of continuity between the two points of view: (...)
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  31.  15
    Du comportement à l’action. Faire de la psychologie après Wittgenstein?Valérie Aucouturier - 2015 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 140 (2):187-204.
    La philosophie de l’action wittgensteinienne, par sa clarification conceptuelle, permet une critique radicale de la métaphysique dualiste impliquée par la psychologie empirique. Si le psychologique est constitué concrètement par nos pratiques, une philosophie wittgensteinienne de l’action peut aider la psychologie à sortir des impasses dues à ses confusions sur la nature de son objet, en substituant à la notion réductrice de comportement le concept d’action.
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  32.  10
    Emotions, intentions and their expressions: Anscombe on Wittgenstein’s stalking cat.Valérie Aucouturier - 2021 - Enrahonar: Quaderns de Filosofía 67:173-197.
    In this paper, I explore the difference between expression of intention and expression of emotion through a discussion of a passage from G.E.M. Anscombe’s Intention, where she claims that expression of intention, unlike expression of emotion, is “purely conventional”. I argue that this claim is grounded on the fact that, although emotions can be described, expressions of emotion are not descriptions at all. Similarly, expressions of intention are not descriptions of a present state of mind but are rather the expression (...)
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  33.  95
    HOT theories of consciousness: More sad tales of philosophical intuitions gone astray.Valerie Gray Hardcastle - 2004 - In Rocco J. Gennaro (ed.), Higher-Order Theories of Consciousness: An Anthology. John Benjamins. pp. 277.
  34.  35
    The Relationship Between Social Cynicism Belief, Social Dominance Orientation, and the Perception of Unethical Behavior: A Cross-Cultural Examination in Russia, Portugal, and the United States.Valerie Alexandra, Miguel M. Torres, Olga Kovbasyuk, Theophilus B. A. Addo & Maria Cristina Ferreira - 2017 - Journal of Business Ethics 146 (3):545-562.
    Most studies investigating the relationship between cultural constructs and ethical perception have focused on individual- and societal-level values without much attention to other type of cultural constructs such as social beliefs. In addition, we need to better understand how social beliefs are linked to ethical perception and the level of analysis at which social beliefs may best predict ethical perceptions. This research contributes to the cross-cultural ethical perception literature by examining the relationship of individual-level social cynicism belief, one of five (...)
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  35.  16
    Animal Justice as Non-Domination.Valéry Giroux & Carl Saucier-Bouffard - 2018 - In Valéry Giroux & Carl Saucier-Bouffard (eds.), The Palgrave Handbook of Practical Animal Ethics. pp. 33-52.
    Legal systems in the Western world currently regard animals as property. This status implies that they are not subjects of rights. None of the recent legal measures aimed at protecting animals have conferred on them the legal status of person, which is arguably a necessary condition to benefit from the most fundamental individual rights. In this chapter, we argue that the type of control of animals that is based on property rights and domination is ethically unacceptable. We also argue that (...)
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  36.  10
    Why Brain Images Should Not Be Used in US Criminal Trials.Valerie Gray Hardcastle - 2018 - In David Boonin, Katrina L. Sifferd, Tyler K. Fagan, Valerie Gray Hardcastle, Michael Huemer, Daniel Wodak, Derk Pereboom, Stephen J. Morse, Sarah Tyson, Mark Zelcer, Garrett VanPelt, Devin Casey, Philip E. Devine, David K. Chan, Maarten Boudry, Christopher Freiman, Hrishikesh Joshi, Shelley Wilcox, Jason Brennan, Eric Wiland, Ryan Muldoon, Mark Alfano, Philip Robichaud, Kevin Timpe, David Livingstone Smith, Francis J. Beckwith, Dan Hooley, Russell Blackford, John Corvino, Corey McCall, Dan Demetriou, Ajume Wingo, Michael Shermer, Ole Martin Moen, Aksel Braanen Sterri, Teresa Blankmeyer Burke, Jeppe von Platz, John Thrasher, Mary Hawkesworth, William MacAskill, Daniel Halliday, Janine O’Flynn, Yoaav Isaacs, Jason Iuliano, Claire Pickard, Arvin M. Gouw, Tina Rulli, Justin Caouette, Allen Habib, Brian D. Earp, Andrew Vierra, Subrena E. Smith, Danielle M. Wenner, Lisa Diependaele, Sigrid Sterckx, G. Owen Schaefer, Markus K. Labude, Harisan Unais Nasir, Udo Schuklenk, Benjamin Zolf & Woolwine (eds.), The Palgrave Handbook of Philosophy and Public Policy. Springer Verlag. pp. 25-37.
    The data discussed strongly suggest that neural imaging does not unduly sway judges and jurors; in fact, it is often counterproductive. The percentage of appellate cases in which the decision was favorable to defendants with brain scan data mirrored those of decisions without such proffered evidence. Moreover, fully two-thirds of the scans admitted were either inconclusive or showed normal brain structures. In decisions referencing brain scans, judges mentioned defendant behavior significantly more often than they referred to the defendant’s brain. Finally, (...)
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  37. Filosofia e letteratura in età moderna e contemporanea.Wolfgang Huemer (ed.) - 2020 - Firenze, Italia:
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  38.  25
    Critical realism as emancipatory action: The case for realistic evaluation in practice development.Valerie Wilson Rscn Rn Bedst Mn Phd & R. M. N. Rgn - 2006 - Nursing Philosophy 7 (1):45–57.
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  39. Gabriel gachelin Valerie chansigaud.Valerie Chansigaud - 2011 - Ludus Vitalis 19 (36):217-229.
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  40.  20
    Hierarchy Theory: A Vision, Vocabulary, and Epistemology.Valerie Ahl & T. F. H. Allen - 1996 - Columbia University Press.
    Sugar, pork, beer, corn, cider, scrapple, and hoppin' John all became staples in the diet of colonial America. The ways Americans cultivated and prepared food and the values they attributed to it played an important role in shaping the identity of the newborn nation. In A Revolution in Eating, James E. McWilliams presents a colorful and spirited tour of culinary attitudes, tastes, and techniques throughout colonial America. Confronted by strange new animals, plants, and landscapes, settlers in the colonies and West (...)
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  41. Fair Trade Managerial Practices: Strategy, Organisation and Engagement.Valéry Bezençon & Sam Blili - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 90 (1):95-113.
    The number of distributors selling Fair Trade products is constantly increasing. What are their motivations to distribute Fair Trade products? How do they organise this distribution? Do they apply and communicate the Fair Trade values? This research, based on five case studies in Switzerland, aims at understanding and structuring the strategies and the managerial practices related to Fair Trade product distribution, as well as analysing if they denote an engagement with Fair Trade principles. The results show a high heterogeneity of (...)
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  42. An intrapersonal, intertemporal solution to an interpersonal dilemma.Valerie Soon - 2021 - Philosophical Studies 178 (10):3353-3370.
    It is commonly accepted that what we ought to do collectively does not imply anything about what each of us ought to do individually. According to this line of reasoning, if cooperating will make no difference to an outcome, then you are not morally required to do it. And if cooperating will be personally costly to you as well, this is an even stronger reason to not do it. However, this reasoning results in a self-defeating, yet entirely predictable outcome. If (...)
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  43.  30
    Examining the Ethics and Impacts of Laws Restricting Transgender Youth‐Athlete Participation.Valerie Moyer, Amanda Zink & Brendan Parent - 2023 - Hastings Center Report 53 (3):6-14.
    As of this writing, twenty‐one states have passed laws barring transgender youth‐athletes from competing on public‐school sports teams in accordance with their gender identity. Proponents of these regulations claim that transgender females in particular have inherent physiological advantages that threaten a “level playing field” for their cisgender competitors. Existing evidence is limited but does not support these restrictions. Gathering more robust data will require allowing transgender youth to compete (rather than preemptively barring them), but even if trans females are shown (...)
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  44.  20
    Platonism: Ficino to Foucault.Valery Rees, Anna Corrias, Francesca Maria Crasta, Laura Follesa & Guido Giglioni (eds.) - 2020 - Boston: BRILL.
    Platonism, Ficino to Foucault explores some key chapters in the history Platonic philosophy from the revival of Plato in the fifteenth century to the new reading of Platonic dialogues promoted by the so-called ‘Critique of Modernity’.
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  45. Philosophy on the defensive : Marsilio Ficino's response in a time of religious turmoil.Valery Rees - 2020 - In Valery Rees, Anna Corrias, Francesca Maria Crasta, Laura Follesa & Guido Giglioni (eds.), Platonism: Ficino to Foucault. Boston: BRILL.
     
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  46. Natural-historic aspects of globalization.Valery V. Snakin - 2022 - In Alexander N. Chumakov, Alyssa DeBlasio & Ilya V. Ilyin (eds.), Philosophical Aspects of Globalization: A Multidisciplinary Inquiry. Boston: BRILL.
     
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  47.  32
    Research with captive populations.Valerie H. Bonham & Jonathan D. Moreno - 2008 - In Ezekiel J. Emanuel (ed.), The Oxford textbook of clinical research ethics. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 461--474.
  48.  27
    Sister's Ghost: Valerie's Story.Valerie J. Mills - 1998 - Anthropology of Consciousness 9 (2-3):56-61.
  49.  7
    Trust and Governance.Valerie A. Braithwaite & Margaret Levi (eds.) - 1998 - Russell Sage Foundation.
    Trust and Governance asks several important questions: Is trust really essential to good governance, or are strong laws more important? What leads people either to trust or to distrust government, and what makes officials decide to be trustworthy? Can too much trust render the public vulnerable to government corruption, and if so what safeguards are necessary? In approaching these questions, the contributors draw upon an abundance of resources to offer different perspectives on the role of trust in government. Enriched by (...)
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  50.  37
    Looking Inward Together: Just War Thinking and Our Shared Moral Emotions.Valerie Morkevičius - 2017 - Ethics and International Affairs 31 (4):441-451.
    Just war thinking serves a social and psychological role that international law cannot fill. Law is dispassionate and objective, while just war thinking accounts for emotions and the situatedness of individuals. While law works on us externally, making us accountable to certain people and institutions, just war thinking affects us internally, making us accountable to ourselves. Psychologically, an external focus leads to feelings of shame, while an inward focus generates feelings of guilt. Philosophers have long recognized the importance of these (...)
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