Results for 'Truthfulness and falsehood'

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  1. On the nature of truth and falsehood.Bertrand Russell - 1910 - In Philosophical Essays. Longmans, Green.
  2. Truth and falsehood for non-representationalists: Gorgias on the normativity of language.Juan Pablo Bermúdez - 2017 - Journal of Ancient Philosophy 11 (2):1-21.
    Sophists and rhetoricians like Gorgias are often accused of disregarding truth and rationality: their speeches seem to aim only at effective persuasion, and be constrained by nothing but persuasiveness itself. In his extant texts Gorgias claims that language does not represent external objects or communicate internal states, but merely generates behavioural responses in people. It has been argued that this perspective erodes the possibility of rationally assessing speeches by making persuasiveness the only norm, and persuasive power the only virtue, of (...)
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  3.  20
    Truth and Falsehood: An Inquiry Into Generalized Logical Values.Yaroslav Shramko & Heinrich Wansing - 2011 - Dordrecht, Netherland: Springer.
    The book presents a thoroughly elaborated logical theory of generalized truth-values understood as subsets of some established set of truth values. After elucidating the importance of the very notion of a truth value in logic and philosophy, we examine some possible ways of generalizing this notion. The useful four-valued logic of first-degree entailment by Nuel Belnap and the notion of a bilattice constitute the basis for further generalizations. By doing so we elaborate the idea of a multilattice, and most notably, (...)
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  4.  99
    Beyond truth and falsehood: The real value of knowing that P.Wayne D. Riggs - 2002 - Philosophical Studies 107 (1):87--108.
    Current epistemological dogma has it that the twin goalsof believing truths and avoiding errors exhaust our cognitive aspirations.On such a view, (call it the TG view) the only evaluationsthat count as genuinely epistemological are those that evaluatesomething (a belief, believer, set of beliefs, a cognitivetrait or process, etc.) in terms of its connection to thesetwo goods. In particular, this view implies that all theepistemic value of knowledge must be derived from thevalue of the two goals cited in TG. I argue (...)
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  5. Negative Truth and Falsehood.Stephen Mumford - 2007 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 107 (1pt1):45 - 71.
    What makes it true when we say that something is not the case? Truthmaker maximalists think that every truth has a truthmaker—some fact in the world—that makes it true. No such facts can be found for the socalled negative truths. If a proposition is true when it has a truthmaker, then it would be false when it has no truthmaker. I therefore argue that negative truths, such as t<p>, are best understood as falsehoods, f<p>.
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  6. Truth and Falsehood Versus Good and Evil.Shlomo Pines - 1990 - In Isadore Twersky (ed.), Studies in Maimonides. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. pp. 95--157.
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  7.  27
    Truth and falsehood in visual images.Mark W. Roskill - 1983 - Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press. Edited by David Carrier.
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  8.  34
    Ignorance, truth, and falsehood.Pierre Le Morvan - 2022 - Ratio 35 (3):169-180.
    According to the Ignorance Factivity Thesis, for every proposition p, one is ignorant of p only if p is a truth. By contrast, according to the Ignorance Non-Factivity Thesis, it is false that, for every proposition p, one is ignorant of p only if p is a truth. I argue that, on balance, the case for the latter thesis is stronger than the case for the former.
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  9.  29
    Truth and Falsehood, Mostly Falsehood.Albert E. Avey - 1949 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 23:47 - 67.
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  10.  29
    Beyond truth and falsehood: the.Wayne D. Riggs - 2000 - Philosophical Studies:87-108.
    Current epistemological dogma has it that the twin goalsof believing truths and avoiding errors exhaust our cognitive aspirations. On such a view, (call it the "TG view") the only evaluations that count as genuinely epistemological are those that evaluate something (a belief, believer, set of beliefs, a cognitive trait or process, etc.) in terms of its connection to these two goods. In particular, this view implies that all the epistemic value of knowledge must be derived from the value of the (...)
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  11.  10
    Being measured: truth and falsehood in Aristotle's Metaphysics.Mark Richard Wheeler - 2019 - Albany, New York: State University of New York Press.
    On the basis of careful textual exegesis and philosophical analysis, and contrary to the received view, Mark R. Wheeler demonstrates that Aristotle presents and systematically explicates his definition of the essence of the truth in the Metaphysics. Aristotle states the nominal definitions of the terms "truth" and "falsehood" as part of his arguments in defense of the logical axioms. These nominal definitions express conceptions of truth and falsehood his philosophical opponents would have recognized and accepted in the context (...)
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  12.  12
    Truth and falsehood in Judith: A Greimassian contribution.Risimati Synod Hobyane - 2016 - HTS Theological Studies 72 (3).
    Narratives are never meant to be neutral in their rhetorical intent. They have power not onlyto reveal realities and prevail worldviews but also to create new realities and new worldviewsby refuting illusions and falsehood, and affirming the truth. The Judith narrative is a goodexample for the exploration of this claim. This article contributes by employing the thematiclevel of analysis, the veridictory square in particular, of the Greimassian approach to narratives,to map out the possible illusions and affirming the truth within (...)
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  13.  86
    Epicurus on Truth and Falsehood.Alexander Bown - 2016 - Phronesis 61 (4):463–503.
    Sextus Empiricus ascribes to Epicurus a curious account of truth and falsehood, according to which these characteristics belong to things in the world about which one speaks, not to what one says about them. I propose an interpretation that takes this account seriously and explains the connection between truth and existence that the Epicureans also seem to recognise. I then examine a second Epicurean account of truth and falsehood and show how it is related to the first.
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  14. Truth and Falsehood.Bertrand Russell - 1912 - In Michael P. Lynch (ed.), The Nature of Truth: Classic and Contemporary Perspectives. MIT Press. pp. 17-24.
     
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  15.  5
    Truth and Falsehood in Visual Images.Jane Cauvel - 1984 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 43 (1):107-110.
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  16.  22
    Truth and Falsehood in Visual Images.Catherine Z. Elgin - 1986 - Philosophical Review 95 (1):139.
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  17. "Truth and Falsehood in Visual Images": Mark Roskill and David Carrier. [REVIEW]Michael Austin - 1985 - British Journal of Aesthetics 25 (1):81.
     
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  18.  40
    The Logic with Truth and Falsehood Operators from a Point of View of Universal Logic.Sergey Pavlov - 2011 - Logica Universalis 5 (2):319-325.
    The logic with independent truth and falsehood operators TFL is proposed. In TFL(→) standard truth-conditions for the implication are adopted. Nevertheless the laws of classical logic are not valid. In this language more then 107 different binary connectives can be defined. So this logic can be treated as universal logic relatively to the class of sentential logics.
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  19. Lies, half-truths, and falsehoods about Tarski’s 1933 “liar” antinomies.John Corcoran & Joaquin Miller - 2012 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 18 (1):140-141.
    We discuss misinformation about “the liar antinomy” with special reference to Tarski’s 1933 truth-definition paper [1]. Lies are speech-acts, not merely sentences or propositions. Roughly, lies are statements of propositions not believed by their speakers. Speakers who state their false beliefs are often not lying. And speakers who state true propositions that they don’t believe are often lying—regardless of whether the non-belief is disbelief. Persons who state propositions on which they have no opinion are lying as much as those who (...)
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  20. Plato and Aristotle on Truth and Falsehood.Jan Szaif - 2018 - In Michael Glanzberg (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Truth. Oxford, UK: pp. 9-49.
  21.  96
    Beyond truth and falsehood[REVIEW]Ernest Gellner - 1975 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 26 (4):331-342.
  22.  12
    Beyond Truth and Falsehood[REVIEW]Ernest Gellner - 1975 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 26 (4):331-342.
  23.  86
    Semantics, Predication, Truth and Falsehood in Plato's Sophist.Raul Corazzon - unknown
    "The Sophist seems to be concerned with two things: being and nonbeing, on the one hand, and true and false speech, on the other. If speech is either true or false speech, it seems not even plausible for being to be either being or nonbeing, since we would then be compelled to say that nonbeing is as much being as false speech is speech. If nonbeing, however, is being, then nonbeing cannot be nonbeing, for otherwise the falseness of false speech (...)
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  24.  38
    The Problem of Truth and Falsehood in the Age of Enlightenment.Lester Gilbert Crocker - 1953 - Journal of the History of Ideas 14 (4):575-603.
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  25.  38
    Heidegger on scepticism, truth and falsehood.Denis McManus - unknown
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  26. Popular method : on truth and falsehood in Fichte's transcendental philosophy.Gèunter Zèoller - 2014 - In Tom Rockmore & Daniel Breazeale (eds.), Fichte and Transcendental Philosophy. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan.
     
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  27.  23
    Review: Beyond Truth and Falsehood[REVIEW]Ernest Gellner - 1975 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 26 (4):331 - 342.
  28. Hyper-contradictions, generalized truth values and logics of truth and falsehood.Yaroslav Shramko & Heinrich Wansing - 2006 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 15 (4):403-424.
    In Philosophical Logic, the Liar Paradox has been used to motivate the introduction of both truth value gaps and truth value gluts. Moreover, in the light of “revenge Liar” arguments, also higher-order combinations of generalized truth values have been suggested to account for so-called hyper-contradictions. In the present paper, Graham Priest's treatment of generalized truth values is scrutinized and compared with another strategy of generalizing the set of classical truth values and defining an entailment relation on the resulting sets of (...)
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  29.  16
    The Inspiration-Expiration Ratio During Truth and Falsehood.H. E. Burtt - 1921 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 4 (1):1.
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  30.  54
    Truth and Consequences: When Is It Rational to Accept Falsehoods?Taner Edis & Maarten Boudry - 2019 - Journal of Cognition and Culture 19 (1-2):147-169.
    Judgments of the rationality of beliefs must take the costs of acquiring and possessing beliefs into consideration. In that case, certain false beliefs, especially those that are associated with the benefits of a cohesive community, can be seen to be useful for an agent and perhaps instrumentally rational to hold. A distinction should be made between excusable misbeliefs, which a rational agent should tolerate, and misbeliefs that are defensible in their own right because they confer benefits on the agent. Likely (...)
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  31.  59
    Yaroslav Shramko and Heinrich Wansing, Truth and Falsehood - An Inquiry into Generalized Logical Values.Jean-Yves Beziau - 2014 - Studia Logica 102 (5):1079-1085.
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  32. Language, thought, and falsehood in ancient Greek philosophy.Nicholas Denyer - 1991 - New York: Routledge.
    CONTRASTING PREJUDICES TRUTH AND FALSEHOOD How can one say something false? How can one even think such a thing? Since, for example, all men are mortal, ...
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  33. Nietzsche on Truth and the Value of Falsehood.Alexander Nehamas - 2017 - Journal of Nietzsche Studies 48 (3):319-346.
    Nietzsche often gives the impression that all human beliefs are false. Some scholars, like Maudemarie Clark, believe that such a “falsification thesis” is unacceptable and try to limit Nietzsche's commitment to it, claiming that he abandons it in his very last works. Others, like Lanier Anderson and Nadeem Hussain, take it in ways that make it true and locate it in all. I argue that the view that is common to both approaches—that Nietzsche held that thesis in the first place—is (...)
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  34. Mark Roskill and David Carrier, Truth and Falsehood in Visual Images Reviewed by.Catherine Lord - 1985 - Philosophy in Review 5 (2):80-82.
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  35.  28
    A Deflationary Reading of Aristotle's Definitions of Truth and Falsehood at Metaphysics 1011b26–7.Mark Richard Wheeler - 2011 - Apeiron 44 (1):67-90.
  36. Knowledge from Falsehood, Ignorance of Necessary Truths, and Safety.Bin Zhao - 2022 - Philosophia 50 (2):833-845.
    According to the safety account of knowledge, one knows that p only if one’s belief could not easily have been false. An important issue for the account is whether we should only examine the target belief when evaluating whether a belief is safe or not. In this paper, it is argued that, if we should only examine the target belief, then the account fails to account for ignorance of necessary truths. But, if we should also examine beliefs in other relevant (...)
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  37.  7
    Lies and falsehoods: the Morrison government and the new culture of deceit.Bernard Keane - 2021 - Melbourne: Hardie Grant Books.
    It's a truism to say that politicians lie. They twist the truth, exaggerate and spin. But blatant lying has now become the norm, led by Donald Trump and carried on by Boris Johnson and Scott Morrison. Combine this with an all-out assault on the truth in public debate along with the biggest communications revolution since the printing press, and you have a disaster in real time: a sea of fake news, hyper-partisanship and polarisation. No society or democracy can function without (...)
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  38. Mark Roskill and David Carrier, Truth and Falsehood in Visual Images. [REVIEW]Catherine Lord - 1985 - Philosophy in Review 5:80-82.
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  39. From Falsehood to Truth, and From Truth to Error. [REVIEW]Alex Madva - 2023 - Analysis 83 (2):405-416.
    Critical notice of Puddifoot, Katherine. 2021. How Stereotypes Deceive Us. NY: OUP.--------- -/- Kathy Puddifoot makes a compelling and enlightening case for a striking pair of claims: 1) false stereotypes sometimes steer us to the truth, while 2) true stereotypes often lead us into error. This is a wonderful book, a seamless integration of epistemology with ethics, of philosophy with social science, and of “mainstream” or “Western analytic” approaches with marginalized and underappreciated contributions from critical social traditions, especially black feminism. (...)
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  40.  13
    Is It Virtuous to Love Truth and Hate Falsehood?David Coady - 2023 - Philosophies 8 (5):78.
    There is a great deal of academic literature, much of it coming from the social sciences and from social epistemology, which presents itself as addressing a very general problem: the problem of excessive falsehood. Falsehood comes in two general forms: false statements and false beliefs. Of course, falsehood, in both these forms, has always been with us, but it is often supposed to be on the rise. I will argue that there is no new or growing problem (...)
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  41.  26
    ‘Conspiracy Theory’ as a Tonkish Term: Some Runabout Inference-Tickets from Truth to Falsehood.Charles Pigden - 2023 - Social Epistemology 37 (4):423-437.
    I argue that ‘conspiracy theory’ and ‘conspiracy theorist’ as commonly employed are ‘tonkish’ terms (as defined by Arthur Prior and Michael Dummett), licensing inferences from truths to falsehoods; indeed, that they are mega-tonkish terms, since their use is governed by different and competing sets of introduction and elimination rules, delivering different and inconsistent results. Thus ‘conspiracy theory’ and ‘conspiracy theorist’ do not have determinate extensions, which means that generalizations about conspiracy theories or conspiracy theorists do not have determinate truth-values. Hence (...)
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  42.  2
    Comparaciones de aproximación a la verdad y de lejanía de la fais edad (Comparing statements by their closeness to the truth and their distance from the falsehood).Juan Carlos Garcia-Bermejo Ochoa - 1996 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 11 (2):45-83.
    En el artículo se caracteriza una clase de relaciones binarias para que éstas puedan representar las comparaciones de enunciados que un agente puede plantear y resolver de acuerdo con su mayor o menor grado de aproximación a la verdad. Con ello se espera poder analizar con mayor detalle el peso que puede terminar teniendo en su evaluación metodológica el grado de aproximación a la verdad de los modelos teórico-económicos. De todas formas, el propósito inmediato del artículo es el de ofrecer (...)
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  43. Truth and epistemic value.Nick Treanor - 2018 - European Journal of Philosophy 26 (3):1057-1068.
    The notion of more truth, or of more truth and less falsehood, is central to epistemology. Yet, I argue, we have no idea what this consists in, as the most natural or obvious thing to say—that more truth is a matter of a greater number of truths, and less falsehood is a matter of a lesser number of falsehoods—is ultimately implausible. The issue is important not merely because the notion of more truth and less falsehood is central (...)
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  44.  39
    Fiction, prepositional attitudes, and some truths about falsehood.Alex Orenstein - 2003 - Dialectica 57 (2):177–190.
    This paper presents an anti‐realist account of fictional objects. Arguing for the involvement of non‐veridical prepositional attitude ascriptions in the understanding of fiction, I maintain that there is no need to invoke Meinongian objects, possibilia or abstract objects for this purpose. In addition I argue against object dependent views . I make a case for empty names playing a more significant role than that accorded on direct reference accounts of names. I close by noting points of similarity and of difference (...)
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  45.  10
    Fiction, Prepositional Attitudes, and Some Truths about Falsehood.Alex Orenstein - 2003 - Dialectica 57 (2):177-190.
    This paper presents an anti‐realist account of fictional objects. Arguing for the involvement of non‐veridical prepositional attitude ascriptions in the understanding of fiction, I maintain that there is no need to invoke Meinongian objects, possibilia or abstract objects for this purpose. In addition I argue against object dependent views. I make a case for empty names playing a more significant role than that accorded on direct reference accounts of names. I close by noting points of similarity and of difference with (...)
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  46.  40
    Post truth: the new war on truth and how to fight back.Matthew D'Ancona - 2017 - London: Ebury Press.
    Welcome to the Post-Truth era-- a time in which the art of the lie is shaking the very foundations of democracy and the world as we know it. The Brexit vote; Donald Trump's victory; the rejection of climate change science; the vilification of immigrants; all have been based on the power to evoke feelings and not facts. So what does it all mean and how can we champion truth in in a time of lies and 'alternative facts'? In this eye-opening (...)
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  47.  10
    Half-truths and brazen lies: an honest look at lying.Kira Vermond - 2016 - Berkeley, CA: Owlkids Books.
    "Why do we lie? What types of lies are there? What are the consequences of lying? What methods are used to detect lies? And when is it okay or even good to lie? From forgeries and hoaxes to plagiarism and placebos, [this book] offers historical anecdotes, scientific studies, and sociocultural analyses to help unpack the complex world of untruths"--Amazon.com.
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  48.  39
    Recent essays on truth and the liar paradox.Robert Lazarus Martin (ed.) - 1984 - New York: Oxford University Press.
  49.  24
    Between Truth and Meaning. A Novel Interpretation of the Symploke in Plato’s Sophist.Lorenzo Giovannetti - 2021 - Elenchos: Rivista di Studi Sul Pensiero Antico 42 (2):261-290.
    In this paper, I provide an interpretation of the symploke ton eidon at Soph. 259e. My goal is to show that the specific metaphysical view expressed by the interweaving of forms best accounts for Plato’s explanation of truth and falsehood. In the first section, I introduce the fundamentals of the interpretation of the greatest kinds and their functions. After that, I propose an interpretation of the assertion at 259e, the upshot of which is that the interweaving of forms only (...)
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  50. Truth and Contradiction in Aristotle’s De Interpretatione 6-9.Russell E. Jones - 2010 - Phronesis 55 (1):26-67.
    In De Interpretatione 6-9, Aristotle considers three logical principles: the principle of bivalence, the law of excluded middle, and the rule of contradictory pairs (according to which of any contradictory pair of statements, exactly one is true and the other false). Surprisingly, Aristotle accepts none of these without qualification. I offer a coherent interpretation of these chapters as a whole, while focusing special attention on two sorts of statements that are of particular interest to Aristotle: universal statements not made universally (...)
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