Philosophy of Psychiatry and Psychopathology

Edited by Şerife Tekin (University of Texas at San Antonio)
Assistant editor: Jaipreet Mattu (University of Western Ontario)
About this topic
Summary Philosophy of Psychiatry and Psychopathology occurs at the intersection of general philosophy of science, philosophy of mind, and ethics. It aims to develop answers to a set of theoretical and practical questions pertaining to the nature of mental disorders, mental health research, and practice.
Key works [BROKEN REFERENCE: RADDAEw]#MURPIT Radden 2004 Graham 2002 Fulford 2006 Poland 2011 Thornton 2007 Sadler 2004 Hacking 1995 Flanagan 1999 Schaffner 1993
Introductions Fulford & Sadler 2009 [BROKEN REFERENCE: NATTNPw]#MARPN
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  1. Culture and Cognitive Science.Andreas De Block & Daniel Kelly - forthcoming - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Human behavior and thought often exhibit a familiar pattern of within group similarity and between group difference. Many of these patterns are attributed to cultural differences. For much of the history of its investigation into behavior and thought, however, cognitive science has been disproportionately focused on uncovering and explaining the more universal features of human minds—or the universal features of minds in general. -/- This entry charts out the ways in which this has changed over the past decades. It sketches (...)
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  2. A pluralistic account of degrees of control in addiction.Federico Burdman - 2022 - Philosophical Studies 179 (1):197-221.
    While some form of loss of control is often assumed to be a common feature of the diverse manifestations of addiction, it is far from clear how loss of control should be understood. In this paper, I put forward a concept of decrease in control in addiction that aims to fill this gap and thus provide a general framework for thinking about addictive behavior. The development of this account involves two main steps. First, I present a view of degrees of (...)
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  3. Reactive Natural Kinds and Varieties of Dependence: When is a Disease Kind Really ‘on the Move’?Harriet Fagerberg - manuscript
    Medical kinds often have an interesting metaphysical structure: they constitute natural kinds but are in part explained or impacted upon by our practices of classification. This prompts the question: when is a natural disease kind truly reactive in response to our practice of classification, and when is it merely associated with or intersecting with a social kind? This paper proposes an answer. I begin with a permissive account of ‘real’ kinds and their structure, distinguishing natural kinds, indifferent kinds and reactive (...)
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  4. Introducing the New PPP Editorial Team.John Z. Sadler - 2022 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 28 (4):399-403.
    Readers, please welcome the new Philosophy, Psychiatry, & Psychology editorial team of Senior Editors and our Managing Editor. We are grateful to keep our veteran Senior Editors Tim Thornton, Nancy Potter, Mona Gupta, and Werdie van Staden. However, we are equally grateful to have our new cohort of Senior editors, Awais Aftab, Anna Bergqvist, Derek Strijbos, and Michael Wong, revitalize our efforts. Many of you already know our efficient and capable Managing Editor, Sébastien Arviset, who has been with us for (...)
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  5. Defending Social Objectivity for "Mental Disorder".Anne-Marie Gagné-Julien - 2022 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 28 (4):381-384.
    First, I want to thank PPP for the privilege of having my work read and commented on by esteemed colleagues. In this response, I briefly review some of the key issues that they have raised. These issues include 1) the usefulness of a definition of mental disorder for North American psychiatry, 2) the absence of a concrete criterion to address the demarcation problem, 3) the place and role of values in such a demarcation, and 4) the worries of over-inclusiveness, problematic (...)
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  6. A Universal Definition of Mental Disorder: Neither Necessary nor Desirable.G. Scott Waterman - 2022 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 28 (4):377-379.
    Psychiatry's relation to the rest of medicine is ambivalent. Its legitimacy as a specialty is often conceived as being closely linked to its fidelity to the fundamental paradigms of medicine, especially the centrality of diagnosis and the association of diagnosis with treatment indications. However, as Gagné-Julien notes, a major impetus behind the quest for a solution to the demarcation problem in psychiatry is "growing concerns regarding over-medicalization". Although it could appear that these two considerations point in opposite directions, both arguably (...)
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  7. Dysfunction and the Definition of Mental Disorder in the DSM.Anne-Marie Gagné-Julien - 2022 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 28 (4):353-370.
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  8. Psychological Injury is Not New and Not Normal.Claire Pouncey - 2022 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 28 (4):347-348.
    In "On the Concept of 'Psychiatric Disorder,'" Miriam Solomon strives to resolve the tension between thinking of bereavement as a normal reaction to loss, and recognizing that its most extreme forms look very much like major depressive episodes and benefit from psychiatric treatment. To do this, she introduces the idea that a condition can be both normal and a mental disorder, or in other words, that some mental disorders are normal. Although I very much like the idea that some mental (...)
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  9. Who Owns the Concept of Psychiatric Disorder?Miriam Solomon - 2022 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 28 (4):349-351.
    About ten years ago, I participated in a consensus process on migraine nomenclature. Participants used a modified Delphi technique to explore their views about what migraine is. Candidate concepts included an illness, disease, syndrome, condition, disorder, or susceptibility. Initially, there was a wide range of views about which concept best fits our concept of migraine. Migraine—in common with many psychiatric disorders—is poorly understood by neuroscience. On scientific grounds, participants thought that "susceptibility" and "syndrome" describes our current knowledge well. However, participants (...)
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  10. On the Concept of "Psychiatric Disorder": Incorporating Psychological Injury.Miriam Solomon - 2022 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 28 (4):329-339.
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  11. Can One and the Same Instance of Grief Be Both Normal and Disordered?Jerome C. Wakefield - 2022 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 28 (4):341-346.
    Miriam solomon resuscitates a famous proposal of George Engel's to classify normal grief as a medical disorder. She has two main arguments justifying such a reclassification, one based on Engel's "wound analogy" and another a "Humpty Dumpty"-type argument that 'disorder' is a technical term that we can redefine any way we please. I consider them in turn.Solomon says: "I suggest that we allow a concept of "psychological injury" that is analogous to the concept of physical injury." Of course, we already (...)
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  12. The Limits of Community for A Theory of Recognition.Audra L. Goodnight - 2022 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 28 (4):319-322.
    Should madness be recognized as grounds for identity? Should society recognize and validate madness as diversity, be it psychological, behavioral, or emotional? To answer these questions, we might turn to medical consensus about which mental, behavioral, or emotional states count as mental illness. Unfortunately, the criteria for determining which mental health phenomena fall within the boundary of mental illness remain open to debate, creating what is known as "the boundary problem." Common approaches to resolving the boundary problem include naturalism, a (...)
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  13. Recognition and Identity: Abstract Concepts, Concrete Struggles.Mohammed Abouelleil Rashed - 2022 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 28 (4):323-328.
    Political activity on the basis of a shared identity has been with us for several decades. Race, sexual orientation, gender, and myriad other categories form the center-of-gravity around which social groups demand recognition of the validity and value of their self-understandings. How should social and political institutions respond to these demands? In contemporary social and political philosophy much of the weight of answering this question has fallen on developing a theory of recognition. That theory would then perform several functions: It (...)
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  14. Values Constitute the Boundaries in Between the Rules of Nature and Social Recognition.Werdie van Staden - 2022 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 28 (4):315-317.
    The boundary problem on defining the conceptual scope and limits of a mental disorder may be tackled at either side of the boundary. On one side, philosophers and philosophically minded clinicians tried clarifying the concept of mental disorder and its related concepts of mental illness and dysfunction in their use and definition. On the other side, Mohammed Rashed's article gives a substantive and refreshing account of this neglected side in terms of social recognition. Thereby the boundary is clarified from the (...)
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  15. An Approach to the Boundary Problem: Mental Health Activism and the Limits of Recognition.Mohammed Abouelleil Rashed - 2022 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 28 (4):297-313.
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  16. Louis Charland: 1958–2021.Peter Zachar & Jennifer Radden - 2022 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 28 (4):295-296.
    A professor of philosophy at Western University in Ontario, with joint appointments in Philosophy and the School of Health Studies, Louis Charland unexpectedly passed away on May 9, 2021. In addition to Western, he taught at the Universities of Toronto, McGill, and Concordia. He had visiting appointments at Institute for Advanced Study at Princeton, the Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for the History of Emotion in Perth, and the Max Planck Institute for Human Development in Berlin. Beyond his teaching (...)
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  17. Osborne P. Wiggins, Jr., PhD, 1943–2021.John Z. Sadler - 2022 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 28 (4):291-293.
    Friends, family, and the Association of the Advancement of Philosophy and Psychiatry community mourn the death of Osborne "Ozzie" Wiggins this past May 18. In many ways, his story contributes a large portion to the founding of the AAPP, this journal, and the philosophy/psychiatry community worldwide.I met Professor Wiggins as a sophomore at Southern Methodist University in Dallas in 1974. I was a student in his twentieth-century humanities class. I didn't know at the time that he was in his early (...)
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  18. Wrongful Medicalization and Epistemic Injustice in Psychiatry: The Case of Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder.Anne-Marie Gagné-Julien - 2021 - European Journal of Analytic Philosophy 17 (2):(S4)5-36.
    In this paper, my goal is to use an epistemic injustice framework to extend an existing normative analysis of over-medicalization to psychiatry and thus draw attention to overlooked injustices. Kaczmarek has developed a promising bioethical and pragmatic approach to over-medicalization, which consists of four guiding questions covering issues related to the harms and benefits of medicalization. In a nutshell, if we answer “yes” to all proposed questions, then it is a case of over-medicalization. Building on an epistemic injustice framework, I (...)
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  19. Medicine’s Metaphysical Morass: How Confusion About Dualism Threatens Public Health.Diane O’Leary - 2020 - Synthese 2020 (December):1977-2005.
    What position on dualism does medicine require? Our understanding of that ques- tion has been dictated by holism, as defined by the biopsychosocial model, since the late twentieth century. Unfortunately, holism was characterized at the start with con- fused definitions of ‘dualism’ and ‘reductionism’, and that problem has led to a deep, unrecognized conceptual split in the medical professions. Some insist that holism is a nonreductionist approach that aligns with some form of dualism, while others insist it’s a reductionist view (...)
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  20. Methodological Dualism Considered as a Heuristic Paradigm for Clinical Psychiatry.Tuomas K. Pernu - forthcoming - BJPsych Advances.
    Debates on dualism continue to plague psychiatry. I suggest that these debates are based on false dichotomies. According to metaphysical physicalism, reality is ultimately physical. Although this view excludes the idea of entities distinct from physical reality, it does not compel us to favour neural over psychological interventions. According to methodological dualism, both physical and mental interventions on the world can be deemed effective, and both perspectives can therefore be thought to be equally ‘real’.
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  21. Problems of Living Meaningfully in Psychiatry and Philosophy.Thaddeus Metz - 2021 - Brazilian Journal of Psychiatry 43 (6).
    A brief critical notice of Dan J Stein's new book _Problems of Living: Perspectives from Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Cognitive-Affective Science_.
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  22. Born which Way? ADHD, Situational Self-Control, and Responsibility.Polaris Koi - 2020 - Neuroethics 14 (2):205-218.
    Debates concerning whether Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder mitigates responsibility often involve recourse to its genetic and neurodevelopmental etiology. For such arguments, individuals with ADHD have diminished self-control, and hence do not fully satisfy the control condition for responsibility, when there is a genetic or neurodevelopmental etiology for this diminished capacity. In this article, I argue that the role of genetic and neurobiological explanations has been overstated in evaluations of responsibility. While ADHD has genetic and neurobiological causes, rather than embrace the essentialistic (...)
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  23. Anorexia Nervosa: Illusion in the Sense of Agency (Preprint-- Please Cite Published Version).Amanda Evans - forthcoming - Mind and Language.
    The aim of this paper is to provide a novel analysis of anorexia nervosa (AN) in the context of the sense of agency literature. I first show that two accounts of anorexia nervosa that we ought to take seriously— i.e., the first personal reports of those who have experienced it firsthand as well as the research that seeks to explain anorexic behavior from an empirical perspective— appear to be thoroughly in tension with one another in their descriptions of anorexic actions. (...)
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  24. A Measure of Philosophical Distance.Bhrigupati Singh - 2021 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 28 (3):285-287.
    How is conceptual foreignness received within an existing territory? I am grateful to my respondents for receiving my invocation of foreignness from phenomenological psychopathology not as a question of culture or nationality but rather, in terms of philosophical distance. As I ask in the article: how do we measure philosophical distance? Rather than complete agreement, or assimilation, or estrangement, perhaps distance is best calibrated through the small events of thought–understandings, misunderstandings, and clarifications, that punctuate even the most thoughtful and hospitable (...)
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  25. Schizophrenia, the Uncanny, and the Fragility of Ordinary Life.Emily Hughes - 2021 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 28 (3):281-283.
    Schizophrenia involves significant disturbances to inter-subjective experience, the complex nature of which have become an increasingly important area for research in the philosophy of psychiatry. In “Schizophrenia as a Problem of Other Minds,”, Brighupati Singh offers a thought-provoking contribution to this trajectory by engaging Stanley Cavell’s idea of skepticism: the recognition that ordinary life is inherently fragile, and that the affective attunement between self and other is something that can be undone. Through detailed ethnographic and literary studies, primarily undertaken in (...)
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  26. The Phenomenology of Psychosis: Considerations for the Future.Zeno Van Duppen & Jasper Feyaerts - 2021 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 28 (3):277-279.
    Over the past years, the intersubjective dimension of psychotic disorders, including schizophrenia, has gained increasing phenomenological attention. Psychopathologists and philosophers have developed ideas on how the social aspects of psychotic symptoms and experiences could be understood, in particular in their relation to the ipseity disturbance model, namely the idea that schizophrenia is essentially a disorder of the minimal self. Although the exact characteristics of the ipseity disorder hypothesis can differ from author to author, emphasizing certain phenomenological aspects like temporality or (...)
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  27. Schizophrenia as a Problem of Other Minds.Bhrigupati Singh - 2021 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 28 (3):259-275.
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  28. Theories of Psychosis Versus: What It Is Like.Sofia Jeppsson - 2021 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 28 (3):257-258.
    In his interesting comments on my article, Mohammed Abouelleil Rashed distinguishes between different senses in which one can try to render psychosis “intelligible.” One might try to explain what the psychotic worldview looks like from the inside and what it is like to go through this kind of experience, or present an intelligible theory about psychosis. Philosophers of psychiatry have, of course, mostly been preoccupied with the latter project, and, according to Rashed, so am I, despite my stated intention to (...)
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  29. Asking the Right Questions on Psychosis and Intelligibility.Mohammed Abouelleil Rashed - 2021 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 28 (3):255-256.
    The challenge of understanding psychotic phenomena is one of the enduring problems in the philosophy of psychiatry. The first to formulate the problem in its philosophical dimension was Karl Jaspers in General Psycho-pathology. Jasper’s solution was rather pessimistic, for he argued that we cannot extend empathic understanding to certain phenomena, such as primary delusions. His work was followed by a long period of philosophical silence on the issue, and it was only three decades ago that philosophy began to engage once (...)
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  30. Striving to Make Sense: The Duty of Respect for Persons with Psychosis.Jeanette Kennett - 2021 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 28 (3):251-253.
    In her wonderfully rich and insightful article, Sofia Jeppsson argues that, although a person with psychosis may seem to be strange and unintelligible to us, we nevertheless have duties of intelligibility toward them. And she draws upon her own experience to show that psychotic experiences and reasoning are more intelligible than we might have thought.In this brief commentary, I focus on why the assumption of hypothetical intelligibility is a duty of respect owed to those experiencing psychosis. In everyday human interaction (...)
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  31. Methodology or Muse?Tehseen Noorani - 2021 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 28 (3):227-231.
    I am grateful to the authors for their comments, and for the opportunity to respond. To clarify my approach, I sought to discuss the centrality of ‘set and setting’ at descriptive and normative levels in the Psychedelic Renaissance by focusing on the language of containment prevalent during my ethnographic research. Inspired by the study of material culture, I took up certain questions that can be asked of any container—how they are constructed and maintained, how leaks and overflows are dealt with, (...)
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  32. Some Aspects of Containment Matter.Ben Lewis - 2021 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 28 (3):223-225.
    Tehseen noorani’s article “Containment Matters: Set and Setting in Contemporary Psychedelic Psychiatry” presents a comprehensive, deeply researched ethnographic perspective on current research practices in psychedelic-assisted therapy. This is rapidly evolving terrain scientifically, clinically, legally, and socially. Noorani’s on-the-ground observations from within the Johns Hopkins research program are fascinating and timely given the numerous challenges faced in investigating and developing this emerging mode of psychiatric treatment as well as the complex history psychedelics represent. The level of detail afforded by Noorani’s embedded (...)
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  33. Culture, Context, and Community in Contemporary Psychedelic Research.Brian D. Earp & David B. Yaden - 2021 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 28 (3):217-221.
    Psychedelics require cross-cultural, interdisciplinary study, and we were happy to see a contribution from the field of medical anthropology. Such a study holds the promise of characterizing the ways in which psychedelics are situated in contemporary societies, both within and beyond research and clinical contexts. Here, we offer some friendly criticism of the target article by Noorani while also highlighting various points of agreement and looking ahead to future research in this field.Noorani’s article is structured around an organizing theme of (...)
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  34. Containment Matters: Set and Setting in Contemporary Psychedelic Psychiatry.Tehseen Noorani - 2021 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 28 (3):201-216.
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  35. Comparing Two Enactive Perspectives.Kristopher Nielsen - 2021 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 28 (3):197-200.
    First, i would like to thank Drs. Gipps and de Haan for taking the time to formulate their commentaries; it is an honor to hear your perspectives on my work. Gipps presents a series of questions concerning my perspective, and seems interested in my view of rationality-based concepts. De Haan questions some of the similarities I see between our views and highlights several aspects of my perspective that she disagrees with. Both go beyond the current target article and engage with (...)
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  36. Two Enactive Approaches to Psychiatry: Two Contrasting Views on What It Means to Be Human.Sanneke de Haan - 2021 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 28 (3):191-196.
    The relevance and potential value of insights from enactivism for the field of psychiatry have been recognized for some time now. Recently, two overarching frameworks have been proposed, one by Nielsen, and one by me.1 As mentioned by Nielsen, we developed our approaches largely in parallel: I was not aware of Nielsen’s work, and he only became aware of my work in the last phase of his PhD. Nielsen compares our approaches and concludes that our frameworks are ‘largely compatible, do (...)
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  37. Comparing Two Enactive Perspectives on Mental Disorder.Kristopher Nielsen - 2021 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 28 (3):175-185.
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  38. Why Tourette syndrome research needs philosophical phenomenology.Lisa Curtis-Wendlandt & Jack Reynolds - 2020 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 20 (4):573-600.
    Despite a recent surge in publications on Tourette Syndrome, we still lack substantial insight into first-personal aspects of “what it is like” to live with this condition. This is despite the fact that developments in phenomenological psychiatry have demonstrated the scientific and clinical importance of understanding subjective experience in a range of other neuropsychiatric conditions. We argue that it is time for Tourette Syndrome research to tap into the sophisticated frameworks developed in the philosophical tradition of phenomenology for describing experience (...)
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  39. Depression as a Disorder of Consciousness.Cecily Whiteley - forthcoming - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science.
    First-person reports of Major Depressive Disorder reveal that when an individual becomes depressed a profound change or ‘shift’ to one’s conscious experience occurs. The depressed person reports that something fundamental to their experience has been disturbed or shifted; a change associated with the common but elusive claim that when depressed one finds oneself in a ‘different world’ detached from reality and other people. Existing attempts to utilise these phenomenological observations in a psychiatric context are challenged by the fact that this (...)
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  40. Schizophrenia, Temporality, and Affection.Jae Ryeong Sul - forthcoming - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences:1-21.
    Temporal experience and its radical alteration in schizophrenia have been one of the central objects of investigation in phenomenological psychopathology. Various phenomenologically oriented researchers have argued that the change in the mode of temporal experience present in schizophrenia can foreground its psychotic symptoms of delusion. This paper aims to further the development of such a phenomenological investigation by highlighting a much-neglected aspect of schizophrenic temporal experience, i.e., its non-emotional affective characteristic. In this paper, it denotes the type of an experience (...)
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  41. From Habits to Compulsions: Losing Control?Juliette Vazard - 2021 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 28 (2):163-171.
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  42. Why It is Important to Look Closely at What Happens When Therapy Clients Complete Symptom Measures.John McLeod - 2021 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 28 (2):133-136.
    A concern for evidence can be viewed as a fundamental aspect of human existence. The biological structure of our bodies evolved during over thousands of years in which survival was predicated on a capacity to interpret small signs, such as crushed grass, smells, and sounds as evidence of the whereabouts of prey. The emergence of modern science and medicine was built on the ability to learn about what counted as evidence for what, and to observe it reliably. Evidence is information (...)
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  43. Forced Feeding for Anorexia: Soft or Hard Paternalism?Jennifer H. Radden - 2021 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 28 (2):159-162.
    My thanks to Professors Hawkins and Szmukler for their thoughtful commentaries; I am particularly glad to see these scholars' valuable expertise directed toward what raises pressing issues not only for psychiatry but for contemporary society.Prof. Hawkins reasons that the use of forced feeding with some anorexia is justified, while emphasizing that this will occur rarely. She and I are in agreement that a mere handful of cases may be affected by our debate, since anecdotal evidence from clinical settings as well (...)
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  44. Food Refusal, Anorexia and Soft Paternalism: What's at Stake?Jennifer H. Radden - 2021 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 28 (2):141-150.
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  45. Anorexia Nervosa, Lack of "Coherence" with Deeply Held Beliefs and Values, and Involuntary Treatment.George Szmukler - 2021 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 28 (2):151-154.
    In a searching analysis, Radden elucidates key problems in justifying coercive treatment in anorexia nervosa despite a common intuition that it should have a place. Indeed, AN, perhaps more than any other condition, challenges the validity of a test purporting to provide a justification. Our generally accepted model for involuntary treatment is based on impaired decision-making capacity and "best interests." A treatment refusal by a person with "capacity" is to be respected, regardless of the consequences. (I exclude here the criteria (...)
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  46. Evidence for the Non-Evidenced: An Argument for Integrated Methods and Conceptual Discussion on What Needs to Be Evidenced in Psychotherapy Research.Femke Truijens, Melissa Miléna De Smet, Reitske Meganck & Mattias Desmet - 2021 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 28 (2):137-140.
    With its focus on evidence, psychology has grown into a mature, professional, and scientifically supported practice over the last decades. In general, psychotherapy and psychological counselling have shown to be more efficacious than waiting it out and a staggering 350 specific treatments have been scientifically supported as effective. Although, evidencebased treatments seem to work equally well, not all people benefit from evidence-based treatments, and it often remains unclear why. This raised the field-wide concern of what works for whom and sparked (...)
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  47. Fresh Thinking.Stewart Justman - 2021 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 28 (2):113-114.
    Cleckley's Mask of Sanity is indeed a brilliant and seminal work, but to read it is to recognize that the condition delineated in its pages differs importantly from the psychopathy most of us have in mind today, and certainly from the psychopathy Hare had in mind when he devised Psychopathy Checklist-Revised in "an attempt to develop a new research scale for the assessment of psychopathy in prison populations."1 Cleckley's psychopaths stay out of prison as a rule, instead passing into and (...)
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  48. Evidence for Doubting the Evidence?Brent M. Kious - 2021 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 28 (2):129-131.
    Clinical research is difficult. It confronts massive heterogeneity in its participants, who are real people bumping around the world in complex ways. Clinical research in psychology is doubly difficult, since it tries systematically to study conditions that are inherently difficult to systematize. In their thoughtful and closely argued article, Truijens et al. emphasize these difficulties, and describe a novel challenge to psychotherapy research: that the support for many evidence-based therapies is weaker than previously recognized because it relies on patient-reported outcome (...)
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  49. Validity of Data as Precondition for Evidence: A Methodological Analysis of What is Taken to Count as Evidence in Psychotherapy Research.Femke Truijens, Melissa Miléna De Smet, Mattias Desmet & Reitske Meganck - 2021 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 28 (2):115-128.
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  50. Psychopathy and Lack of Guilt.Thomas A. Widiger & Cristina Crego - 2021 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 28 (2):109-111.
    Psychopathy is among the more widely discussed personality disorders. Psychopathy is intriguing for many reasons, one of which is that many of the most famous and heinous villains, real or imagined, are psychopathic. Understanding how a person could be so evil is clearly a very important, fundamental social concern. Yet, there remains no consensus as to even an authoritative description of the disorder. It is our impression, perhaps incorrectly, that Justman is arguing for a central importance of lack of guilt.We (...)
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