61 found
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  1. Artificial Intelligence, Social Media and Depression. A New Concept of Health-Related Digital Autonomy.Sebastian Laacke, Regina Mueller, Georg Schomerus & Sabine Salloch - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (7):4-20.
    The development of artificial intelligence (AI) in medicine raises fundamental ethical issues. As one example, AI systems in the field of mental health successfully detect signs of mental disorders, such as depression, by using data from social media. These AI depression detectors (AIDDs) identify users who are at risk of depression prior to any contact with the healthcare system. The article focuses on the ethical implications of AIDDs regarding affected users’ health-related autonomy. Firstly, it presents the (ethical) discussion of AI (...)
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  2.  30
    A Personalized Patient Preference Predictor for Substituted Judgments in Healthcare: Technically Feasible and Ethically Desirable.Brian D. Earp, Sebastian Porsdam Mann, Jemima Allen, Sabine Salloch, Vynn Suren, Karin Jongsma, Matthias Braun, Dominic Wilkinson, Walter Sinnott-Armstrong, Annette Rid, David Wendler & Julian Savulescu - forthcoming - American Journal of Bioethics:1-14.
    When making substituted judgments for incapacitated patients, surrogates often struggle to guess what the patient would want if they had capacity. Surrogates may also agonize over having the (sole) responsibility of making such a determination. To address such concerns, a Patient Preference Predictor (PPP) has been proposed that would use an algorithm to infer the treatment preferences of individual patients from population-level data about the known preferences of people with similar demographic characteristics. However, critics have suggested that even if such (...)
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  3.  76
    Standards of practice in empirical bioethics research: towards a consensus.Jonathan Ives, Michael Dunn, Bert Molewijk, Jan Schildmann, Kristine Bærøe, Lucy Frith, Richard Huxtable, Elleke Landeweer, Marcel Mertz, Veerle Provoost, Annette Rid, Sabine Salloch, Mark Sheehan, Daniel Strech, Martine de Vries & Guy Widdershoven - 2018 - BMC Medical Ethics 19 (1):68.
    This paper responds to the commentaries from Stacy Carter and Alan Cribb. We pick up on two main themes in our response. First, we reflect on how the process of setting standards for empirical bioethics research entails drawing boundaries around what research counts as empirical bioethics research, and we discuss whether the standards agreed in the consensus process draw these boundaries correctly. Second, we expand on the discussion in the original paper of the role and significance of the concept of (...)
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  4. Levels of explicability for medical artificial intelligence: What do we normatively need and what can we technically reach?Frank Ursin, Felix Lindner, Timo Ropinski, Sabine Salloch & Cristian Timmermann - 2023 - Ethik in der Medizin 35 (2):173-199.
    Definition of the problem The umbrella term “explicability” refers to the reduction of opacity of artificial intelligence (AI) systems. These efforts are challenging for medical AI applications because higher accuracy often comes at the cost of increased opacity. This entails ethical tensions because physicians and patients desire to trace how results are produced without compromising the performance of AI systems. The centrality of explicability within the informed consent process for medical AI systems compels an ethical reflection on the trade-offs. Which (...)
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  5. Empirical research in medical ethics: How conceptual accounts on normative-empirical collaboration may improve research practice.Sabine Salloch, Jan Schildmann & Jochen Vollmann - 2012 - BMC Medical Ethics 13 (1):5.
    BackgroundThe methodology of medical ethics during the last few decades has shifted from a predominant use of normative-philosophical analyses to an increasing involvement of empirical methods. The articles which have been published in the course of this so-called 'empirical turn' can be divided into conceptual accounts of empirical-normative collaboration and studies which use socio-empirical methods to investigate ethically relevant issues in concrete social contexts.DiscussionA considered reference to normative research questions can be expected from good quality empirical research in medical ethics. (...)
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  6.  41
    Should Artificial Intelligence be used to support clinical ethical decision-making? A systematic review of reasons.Sabine Salloch, Tim Kacprowski, Wolf-Tilo Balke, Frank Ursin & Lasse Benzinger - 2023 - BMC Medical Ethics 24 (1):1-9.
    BackgroundHealthcare providers have to make ethically complex clinical decisions which may be a source of stress. Researchers have recently introduced Artificial Intelligence (AI)-based applications to assist in clinical ethical decision-making. However, the use of such tools is controversial. This review aims to provide a comprehensive overview of the reasons given in the academic literature for and against their use.MethodsPubMed, Web of Science, Philpapers.org and Google Scholar were searched for all relevant publications. The resulting set of publications was title and abstract (...)
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  7.  58
    Research across the disciplines: a road map for quality criteria in empirical ethics research.Marcel Mertz, Julia Inthorn, Günter Renz, Lillian Geza Rothenberger, Sabine Salloch, Jan Schildmann, Sabine Wöhlke & Silke Schicktanz - 2014 - BMC Medical Ethics 15 (1):17.
    Research in the field of Empirical Ethics (EE) uses a broad variety of empirical methodologies, such as surveys, interviews and observation, developed in disciplines such as sociology, anthropology, and psychology. Whereas these empirical disciplines see themselves as purely descriptive, EE also aims at normative reflection. Currently there is literature about the quality of empirical research in ethics, but little or no reflection on specific methodological aspects that must be considered when conducting interdisciplinary empirical ethics. Furthermore, poor methodology in an EE (...)
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  8.  17
    Taking a moral holiday? Physicians’ practical identities at the margins of professional ethics.Henk Jasper van Gils-Schmidt & Sabine Salloch - forthcoming - Journal of Medical Ethics.
    Physicians frequently encounter situations in which their professional practice is intermingled with moral affordances stemming from other domains of the physician’s lifeworld, such as family and friends, or from general morality pertaining to all humans. This article offers a typology of moral conflicts ‘at the margins of professionalism’ as well as a new theoretical framework for dealing with them. We start out by arguing that established theories of professional ethics do not offer sufficient guidance in situations where professional ethics overlaps (...)
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  9.  76
    The normative background of empirical-ethical research: first steps towards a transparent and reasoned approach in the selection of an ethical theory.Sabine Salloch, Sebastian Wäscher, Jochen Vollmann & Jan Schildmann - 2015 - BMC Medical Ethics 16 (1):20.
    Empirical-ethical research constitutes a relatively new field which integrates socio-empirical research and normative analysis. As direct inferences from descriptive data to normative conclusions are problematic, an ethical framework is needed to determine the relevance of the empirical data for normative argument. While issues of normative-empirical collaboration and questions of empirical methodology have been widely discussed in the literature, the normative methodology of empirical-ethical research has seldom been addressed. Based on our own research experience, we discuss one aspect of this normative (...)
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  10.  14
    Green Conferencing, Justice and the “Global South”.Sabine Salloch - 2024 - American Journal of Bioethics 24 (4):44-45.
    The IAB’s selection of the Qatar-based Research Center for Islamic Legislation & Ethics (CILE) for hosting the 2024 World Congress of Bioethics does not leave the international bioethics community...
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  11.  64
    Illness and disease: an empirical-ethical viewpoint.Anna-Henrikje Seidlein & Sabine Salloch - 2019 - BMC Medical Ethics 20 (1):5.
    The concepts of disease, illness and sickness capture fundamentally different aspects of phenomena related to human ailments and healthcare. The philosophy and theory of medicine are making manifold efforts to capture the essence and normative implications of these concepts. In parallel, socio-empirical studies on patients’ understanding of their situation have yielded a comprehensive body of knowledge regarding subjective perspectives on health-related statuses. Although both scientific fields provide varied valuable insights, they have not been strongly linked to each other. Therefore, the (...)
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  12.  15
    Ethical aspects of time in intensive care decision making.Anna-Henrikje Seidlein, Arne Hannich, Andre Nowak, Matthias Gründling & Sabine Salloch - 2021 - Journal of Medical Ethics 47 (12):24-24.
    The decision-making environment in intensive care units (ICUs) is influenced by the transformation of intensive care medicine, the staffing situation and the increasing importance of patient autonomy. Normative implications of time in intensive care, which affect all three areas, have so far barely been considered. The study explores patterns of decision making concerning the continuation, withdrawal and withholding of therapies in intensive care. A triangulation of qualitative data collection methods was chosen. Data were collected through non-participant observation on a surgical (...)
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  13.  75
    Ethics by opinion poll?: The functions of attitudes research for normative deliberations in medical ethics.Sabine Salloch, Jochen Vollmann & Jan Schildmann - 2014 - Journal of Medical Ethics 40 (9):597-602.
    Empirical studies on people's moral attitudes regarding ethically challenging topics contribute greatly to research in medical ethics. However, it is not always clear in which ways this research adds to medical ethics as a normative discipline. In this article, we aim to provide a systematic account of the different ways in which attitudinal research can be used for normative reflection. In the first part, we discuss whether ethical judgements can be based on empirical work alone and we develop a sceptical (...)
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  14.  44
    Same same but different: why we should care about the distinction between professionalism and ethics.Sabine Salloch - 2016 - BMC Medical Ethics 17 (1):1.
    _BMC Medical Ethics_ is an open access journal publishing original peer-reviewed research articles in relation to the ethical aspects of biomedical research and clinical practice, including professional choices and conduct, medical technologies, healthcare systems and health policies. _BMC __Medical Ethics _is part of the _BMC_ series which publishes subject-specific journals focused on the needs of individual research communities across all areas of biology and medicine. We do not make editorial decisions on the basis of the interest of a study or (...)
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  15.  20
    The birth of the “digital turn” in bioethics?Sabine Salloch & Frank Ursin - 2023 - Bioethics 37 (3):285-291.
    The so‐called “empirical turn” in bioethics gave rise to extensive theoretical and methodological debates and has significantly shaped the research landscape from two decades ago until the present day. Attentive observers of the evolution of the bioethical research field now notice a new trend towards the inclusion of data science methods for the treatment of ethical research questions. This new research domain of “digital bioethics” encompasses both studies replacing (or complementing) socio‐empirical research on bioethical topics (“empirical digital bioethics”) and argumentative (...)
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  16.  4
    Physicians’ duty to climate protection as an expression of their professional identity: a defence from Korsgaard’s neo-Kantian moral framework.Henk Jasper van Gils-Schmidt & Sabine Salloch - forthcoming - Journal of Medical Ethics.
    The medical profession is observing a rising number of calls to action considering the threat that climate change poses to global human health. Theory-led bioethical analyses of the scope and weight of physicians’ normative duty towards climate protection and its conflict with individual patient care are currently scarce. This article offers an analysis of the normative issues at stake by using Korsgaard’s neo-Kantian moral account of practical identities. We begin by showing the case of physicians’ duty to climate protection, before (...)
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  17.  23
    Relationships and burden: An empirical‐ethical investigation of lived experience in home nursing arrangements.Anna‐Henrikje Seidlein, Ines Buchholz, Maresa Buchholz & Sabine Salloch - 2019 - Bioethics 33 (4):448-456.
    Quantitative research has called attention to the burden associated with informal caregiving in home nursing arrangements. Less emphasis has been placed, however, on care recipients’ subjective feelings of being a burden and on caregivers’ willingness to carry the burden in home care. This article uses empirical material from semi‐structured interviews conducted with older people affected by multiple chronic conditions and in need of long‐term home care, and with informal and professional caregivers, as two groups of relevant others. The high burden (...)
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  18.  36
    Methodological Reflections on the Contribution of Qualitative Research to the Evaluation of Clinical Ethics Support Services.Sebastian Wäscher, Sabine Salloch, Peter Ritter, Jochen Vollmann & Jan Schildmann - 2017 - Bioethics 31 (4):237-245.
    This article describes a process of developing, implementing and evaluating a clinical ethics support service intervention with the goal of building up a context-sensitive structure of minimal clinical-ethics in an oncology department without prior clinical ethics structure. Scholars from different disciplines have called for an improvement in the evaluation of clinical ethics support services for different reasons over several decades. However, while a lot has been said about the concepts and methodological challenges of evaluating CESS up to the present time, (...)
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  19.  17
    Participation in Pragmatic Clinical Trials: A Matter of Physicians’ Professional Ethics?Sabine Salloch - 2023 - American Journal of Bioethics 23 (8):79-80.
    Garland, Morain, and Sugarman (2023) can be congratulated for their comprehensive and sharp analysis of physicians’ ethical duties with respect to pragmatic clinical trials (PCTs). PCTs embed resea...
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  20.  15
    Responsibility and decision-making authority in using clinical decision support systems: an empirical-ethical exploration of German prospective professionals’ preferences and concerns.Florian Funer, Wenke Liedtke, Sara Tinnemeyer, Andrea Diana Klausen, Diana Schneider, Helena U. Zacharias, Martin Langanke & Sabine Salloch - 2024 - Journal of Medical Ethics 50 (1):6-11.
    Machine learning-driven clinical decision support systems (ML-CDSSs) seem impressively promising for future routine and emergency care. However, reflection on their clinical implementation reveals a wide array of ethical challenges. The preferences, concerns and expectations of professional stakeholders remain largely unexplored. Empirical research, however, may help to clarify the conceptual debate and its aspects in terms of their relevance for clinical practice. This study explores, from an ethical point of view, future healthcare professionals’ attitudes to potential changes of responsibility and decision-making (...)
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  21.  11
    Civility and scientific excellence: two dimensions of medical professionalism.Sabine Salloch - 2023 - Journal of Medical Ethics 49 (10):681-682.
    McCullough et al have taken up an important issue that is highly interesting from a theoretical as well as from a practical standpoint in drawing attention to (in)civility as a matter of professional ethics: As a ‘low intensity deviant behaviour’1 p3 incivility seems to widely escape the scope of professional norms as well as legal regulation and jurisdiction. At the same time, empirical evidence suggests that incivility occurs frequently in healthcare and might have an enormous negative impact on the quality (...)
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  22.  25
    Melanoma in the shopping mall: A utilitarian argument for offering unsolicited medical opinions in informal settings.Gustav Preller & Sabine Salloch - 2018 - Bioethics 32 (3):193-198.
    Doctors occasionally make diagnoses in strangers outside of formal medical settings by using the medical skill of visual inspection, such as noticing signs of melanoma or the symptoms of hyperthyroidism. This may cause considerable moral unease and doubts on the side of the diagnosing physician. Such encounters force physicians to consider whether or not to intervene by introducing themselves to the stranger and offering an unsolicited medical opinion despite the absence of a formal doctor-patient relationship. A small body of literature (...)
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  23.  17
    Making Structural Discrimination Visible: A Call for Intersectional Bioethics.Sabine Salloch & Lisa Brünig - 2022 - American Journal of Bioethics 22 (3):42-44.
    In her evocative article “Meeting the Moment: Bioethics in the Time of Black Lives Matter,” Camisha Russell comprehensively illustrates why racism should be considered an important bioethica...
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  24.  30
    The dual use of research ethics committees: why professional self-governance falls short in preserving biosecurity.Sabine Salloch - 2018 - BMC Medical Ethics 19 (1):53.
    Dual Use Research of Concern constitutes a major challenge for research practice and oversight on the local, national and international level. The situation in Germany is shaped by two partly competing suggestions of how to regulate security-related research: The German Ethics Council, as an independent political advisory body, recommended a series of measures, including national legislation on DURC. Competing with that, the German National Academy of Sciences and the German Research Foundation, as two major professional bodies, presented a strategy which (...)
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  25.  67
    Was ist ein ethisches Problem und wie finde ich es? Theoretische, methodologische und forschungspraktische Fragen der Identifikation ethischer Probleme am Beispiel einer empirisch-ethischen Interventionsstudie.Sabine Salloch, Peter Ritter, Sebastian Wäscher, Jochen Vollmann & Jan Schildmann - 2016 - Ethik in der Medizin 28 (4):267-281.
    ZusammenfassungEine wichtige Aufgabe empirischer Sozialforschung in der Medizinethik besteht darin, bisher unbekannte ethische Probleme zu identifizieren und zu beschreiben. Die Frage, welche Sachverhalte in den Gegenstandsbereich der Medizinethik fallen, ist jedoch sowohl aus wissenschaftlicher Sicht voraussetzungsreich als auch in der Praxis umstritten. Im Beitrag werden theoretische, methodologische und forschungspraktische Aspekte der Identifikation und Auswahl ethischer Probleme diskutiert und das Vorgehen am Beispiel einer konkreten empirisch-ethischen Studie illustriert. Der Schwerpunkt des Artikels liegt hierbei auf den Vorbedingungen sowie dem konkreten Vorgehen bei (...)
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  26.  9
    Ethische Fragen im Gesundheitswesen als Gegenstand interprofessionellen Lernens: Überblick zur Situation in Deutschland und Projektbericht.Anna-Henrikje Seidlein & Sabine Salloch - 2022 - Ethik in der Medizin 34 (3):373-386.
    Interprofessionelles Lernen von Auszubildenden der Pflegeberufe sowie Medizinstudierenden bietet vielfältige Chancen für die zukünftige Zusammenarbeit mit dem Ziel einer qualitativ hochwertigen Versorgung von Patient*innen. Expert*innengremien fordern daher eine frühzeitige Integration von interprofessionellen Lehr- und Lernformaten, um effektive und nachhaltige Verbesserungen in der Praxis erreichen zu können. In Deutschland wird interprofessionelle Lehre in der grundständigen Ausbildung der zwei Professionen in wachsendem Umfang in ausgewählten Fächern – obligat oder fakultativ – eingesetzt. Der Bereich der Ethik im Gesundheitswesen wird dabei bislang jedoch kaum (...)
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  27.  10
    Ethical issues in health care as a subject of interprofessional learning: Overview of the situation in Germany and project report.Anna-Henrikje Seidlein & Sabine Salloch - 2022 - Ethik in der Medizin 34 (3):373-386.
    Definition of the problem Interprofessional learning of nursing trainees and medical students offers numerous opportunities for future cooperation aiming to provide high-quality care for patients. Arguments Expert panels, therefore, demand early integration of interprofessional teaching and learning structures in order to be able to achieve effective and sustainable improvements in practice. In Germany, interprofessional learning formats are increasingly used in undergraduate education of the two professions in selected—compulsory and optional—themes and courses. Conclusion So far, the field of health care ethics (...)
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  28.  20
    Who Cares About Care? Family Members as Moral Actors in Treatment Decision Making.Anna-Henrikje Seidlein & Sabine Salloch - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (6):80-82.
    Volume 20, Issue 6, June 2020, Page 80-82.
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  29.  39
    The ethics of machine learning-based clinical decision support: an analysis through the lens of professionalisation theory.Sabine Salloch & Nils B. Heyen - 2021 - BMC Medical Ethics 22 (1):1-9.
    BackgroundMachine learning-based clinical decision support systems (ML_CDSS) are increasingly employed in various sectors of health care aiming at supporting clinicians’ practice by matching the characteristics of individual patients with a computerised clinical knowledge base. Some studies even indicate that ML_CDSS may surpass physicians’ competencies regarding specific isolated tasks. From an ethical perspective, however, the usage of ML_CDSS in medical practice touches on a range of fundamental normative issues. This article aims to add to the ethical discussion by using professionalisation theory (...)
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  30.  15
    Health-Related Digital Autonomy. A Response to the Commentaries.Sebastian Laacke, Regina Mueller, Georg Schomerus & Sabine Salloch - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (10):W1-W5.
    The COVID-19 pandemic has been a threat to both physical and mental health. The spreading disease and its impacts, the containment measures and the way all of our lives have dramatically changed ha...
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  31.  14
    Collective forward-looking responsibility of patient advocacy organizations: conceptual and ethical analysis.Sabine Salloch, Christoph Rach & Regina Müller - 2021 - BMC Medical Ethics 22 (1):1-11.
    BackgroundPatient advocacy organizations (PAOs) have an increasing influence on health policy and biomedical research, therefore, questions about the specific character of their responsibility arise: Can PAOs bear moral responsibility and, if so, to whom are they responsible, for what and on which normative basis? Although the concept of responsibility in healthcare is strongly discussed, PAOs particularly have rarely been systematically analyzed as morally responsible agents. The aim of the current paper is to analyze the character of PAOs’ responsibility to provide (...)
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  32.  30
    “Evidence-based ethics”?—On hypothetical and categorical norms in medicine.Sabine Salloch - 2012 - Ethik in der Medizin 24 (1):5-17.
    ZusammenfassungIm Zuge des „empirical turn“ der Medizin- und Bioethik ist von verschiedenen Autoren in den vergangenen Jahren die Idee einer „evidenzbasierten Ethik“ diskutiert worden. Die Analogie zwischen evidenzbasierter Medizin und „evidenzbasierter Ethik“ soll in diesem Beitrag kritisch diskutiert und dabei gezeigt werden, dass der Ausdruck „evidenzbasierte Ethik“ irreführend ist. Zentraler Ausgangspunkt der Kritik ist die unterschiedliche Bedeutung, die empirische Informationen für das medizinisch-klinische Urteil zum einen und das ethische Urteil in der Medizin zum anderen haben. Im medizinisch-klinischen Urteil können mit (...)
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  33.  18
    Powers and Perils.Sabine Salloch - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (6):72-73.
    Pavarini et al. should be congratulated to their highly valuable contribution shedding light on methodological innovation for bioethics in the digital era. I see a great potential in their a...
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  34.  25
    Who’s afraid of EBM? Medical professionalism from the perspective of evidence-based medicine.Sabine Salloch - 2017 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 20 (1):61-66.
    Evidence-based medicine and medical professionalism are two prominent notions in current medical debates. However, proponents of professionalism fear a restriction in doctors’ freedom to make their best decisions for individual patients caused by the influence of EBM and highly standardised decision procedures. The challenge which EBM allegedly poses to physicians’ discretion forms the starting point for an analysis of the relationship between professionalism, as an inherent value system of medical practice, and EBM, as an approach to optimise the decision-making for (...)
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  35.  48
    Medizin trifft Ökonomie. Werkstattbericht zu einem interprofessionellen Lehrprojekt.Sabine Salloch, Ina Otte, Caroline Ruiner & Jochen Vollmann - 2016 - Ethik in der Medizin 28 (1):67-70.
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  36.  47
    Prinzip und Urteilskraft in der Medizinethik.Sabine Salloch, Jan Schildmann & Jochen Vollmann - 2012 - Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie 60 (2):251-268.
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  37.  60
    Der Beitrag qualitativer Sozialforschung zur handlungsorientierenden medizinethischen Forschung. Eine Methodenreflexion am Beispiel des ETHICO-Projekts.Jan Schildmann, Sebastian Wäscher, Sabine Salloch & Jochen Vollmann - 2016 - Ethik in der Medizin 28 (1):33-41.
    ZusammenfassungMedizinethische Forschung wird häufig unter Verwendung sozialempirischer Methoden durchgeführt. Insbesondere die Anwendung von Methoden der qualitativen Sozialforschung hat eine breite Akzeptanz gefunden. Nach Kenntnis der Autoren fehlen allerdings bislang Untersuchungen, die den spezifischen Beitrag qualitativer Sozialforschung für medizinethische Untersuchungen unter Bezugnahme auf die Merkmale qualitativer Methoden darlegen. Ausgehend von einem handlungsorientierenden medizinethischen Forschungsvorhaben zur Unterstützung der Entscheidungsfindung in der Onkologie wird der Beitrag der verwendeten qualitativen Methoden für das Forschungsvorhaben unter Bezugnahme auf zwei Kennzeichen qualitativer Sozialforschung – Rekonstruktion der sozialen (...)
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  38.  15
    Clinical Ethics as a Profession?Sabine Salloch - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (11):87-89.
    Volume 19, Issue 11, November 2019, Page 87-89.
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  39.  32
    Unsolicited Diagnosis of Mental Disorder: Epistemic and Normative Perspectives.Gustav Preller, Anna-Henrikje Seidlein & Sabine Salloch - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (5):34-35.
  40.  7
    „Evidenzbasierte Ethik“? – Über hypothetische und kategorische Handlungsnormen in der Medizin.Sabine Salloch - 2012 - Ethik in der Medizin 24 (1):5-17.
    ZusammenfassungIm Zuge des „empirical turn“ der Medizin- und Bioethik ist von verschiedenen Autoren in den vergangenen Jahren die Idee einer „evidenzbasierten Ethik“ diskutiert worden. Die Analogie zwischen evidenzbasierter Medizin und „evidenzbasierter Ethik“ soll in diesem Beitrag kritisch diskutiert und dabei gezeigt werden, dass der Ausdruck „evidenzbasierte Ethik“ irreführend ist. Zentraler Ausgangspunkt der Kritik ist die unterschiedliche Bedeutung, die empirische Informationen für das medizinisch-klinische Urteil zum einen und das ethische Urteil in der Medizin zum anderen haben. Im medizinisch-klinischen Urteil können mit (...)
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  41.  9
    Moralische Urteilskraft bei Kant und das Problem der angemessenen Situationsbeschreibung.Sabine Salloch - 2018 - In Violetta L. Waibel, Margit Ruffing & David Wagner (eds.), Natur und Freiheit. Akten des XII. Internationalen Kant-Kongresses. De Gruyter. pp. 2113-2120.
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  42.  17
    Occupying Multiple Practical Identities instead of Moving between the Moral Spheres: An Alternative Perspective on Physicians’ Professional Ethics.Henk Jasper van Gils-Schmidt & Sabine Salloch - 2023 - American Journal of Bioethics 23 (12):42-44.
    In depicting five “spheres of morality” occupied by physicians Doernberg and Troug provide an impressive analysis on physicians’ various commitments and role conflicts which are excellently illustr...
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  43.  5
    End-of-life autonomy—results of a qualitative interview study on opportunities and limitations of self-determination in in-patient hospices.Sabine Salloch & Christof Breitsameter - 2011 - Ethik in der Medizin 23 (3):217-230.
    Hospize verstehen sich als Orte einer ganzheitlichen Sterbebegleitung, welche nicht allein die Behandlung körperlicher und psychischer Symptome, sondern auch die soziale und spirituelle Betreuung der Sterbenden beinhaltet. Eine zentrale Bedeutung innerhalb dieser umfassenden Begleitung am Lebensende hat die Idee der Selbstbestimmung. Dem Hospizgast soll ermöglicht werden, im Sinne einer größtmöglichen Autonomie über die eigenen Belange bis zuletzt selbst entscheiden zu können. Diese zentrale Zielsetzung der Hospizarbeit wurde in der Literatur bisher überwiegend in theoretisch-programmatischer Weise thematisiert, es liegen jedoch kaum Untersuchungen (...)
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  44.  40
    End-of-life autonomy—results of a qualitative interview study on opportunities and limitations of self-determination in in-patient hospices.Sabine Salloch & Christof Breitsameter - 2011 - Ethik in der Medizin 23 (3):217-230.
    Hospize verstehen sich als Orte einer ganzheitlichen Sterbebegleitung, welche nicht allein die Behandlung körperlicher und psychischer Symptome, sondern auch die soziale und spirituelle Betreuung der Sterbenden beinhaltet. Eine zentrale Bedeutung innerhalb dieser umfassenden Begleitung am Lebensende hat die Idee der Selbstbestimmung. Dem Hospizgast soll ermöglicht werden, im Sinne einer größtmöglichen Autonomie über die eigenen Belange bis zuletzt selbst entscheiden zu können. Diese zentrale Zielsetzung der Hospizarbeit wurde in der Literatur bisher überwiegend in theoretisch-programmatischer Weise thematisiert, es liegen jedoch kaum Untersuchungen (...)
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  45.  26
    Reading Literary Fiction as Moral Enhancement.Katharina Fürholzer & Sabine Salloch - 2016 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 7 (2):104-106.
  46.  27
    Professionals Watching TV and the Question of Moral Supererogation.Sabine Salloch - 2016 - American Journal of Bioethics 16 (11):54-56.
  47.  15
    Künstliche Intelligenz in der Ethik?Sabine Salloch - 2023 - Ethik in der Medizin 35 (3):337-340.
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  48.  17
    Whose health and which health? Two theoretical flaws in the One Health paradigm.Felicitas Selter & Sabine Salloch - 2023 - Bioethics 37 (7):674-682.
    The One Health approach is a prominent paradigm for research and healthcare practice and increasingly applied in various fields. Theoretical and normative implications of the approach, however, remain underexposed so far, leading to conceptual incoherencies and uncertainties in the application of the concept. This article sheds light on two particularly influential theoretical flaws inherent to the One Health approach. The first difficulty relates to the question of whose health is considered in the One Health paradigm: humans and animals are obviously (...)
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  49.  21
    The Importance of Trust and the Importance of Trustworthiness.Sabine Salloch, Sebastian Wäscher, Jochen Vollmann & Jan Schildmann - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics 15 (9):27-28.
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  50.  4
    What Are Humans Doing in the Loop? Co-Reasoning and Practical Judgment When Using Machine Learning-Driven Decision Aids.Sabine Salloch & Andreas Eriksen - forthcoming - American Journal of Bioethics.
    Within the ethical debate on Machine Learning-driven decision support systems (ML_CDSS), notions such as “human in the loop” or “meaningful human control” are often cited as being necessary for ethical legitimacy. In addition, ethical principles usually serve as the major point of reference in ethical guidance documents, stating that conflicts between principles need to be weighed and balanced against each other. Starting from a neo-Kantian viewpoint inspired by Onora O'Neill, this article makes a concrete suggestion of how to interpret the (...)
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