Results for 'S. M. Ghazanfar'

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  1. Scholastic Economics and Arab Scholars: The "Great Gap" Thesis Reconsidered.S. M. Ghazanfar - 1991 - Diogenes 39 (154):117-140.
    Joseph Alois Schumpeter (1883-1950) stands among the intellectual giants of the twentieth century, especially in the field of economics; in his long and varied impact on the profession, he is second only to Maynard Keynes. He was a pragmatist in his economic philosophy, an “objective scientific investigator with no particular axe to grind” (Newman, et al., 746). His encyclopedic History of Economic Analysis, edited after his death by his wife and published in 1954, is a monument to his gigantic and (...)
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  2.  24
    Gas Exchange Models for a Flexible Insect Tracheal System.S. M. Simelane, S. Abelman & F. D. Duncan - 2016 - Acta Biotheoretica 64 (2):161-196.
    In this paper two models for movement of respiratory gases in the insect trachea are presented. One model considers the tracheal system as a single flexible compartment while the other model considers the trachea as a single flexible compartment with gas exchange. This work represents an extension of Ben-Tal’s work on compartmental gas exchange in human lungs and is applied to the insect tracheal system. The purpose of the work is to study nonlinear phenomena seen in the insect respiratory system. (...)
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  3. Defeating evil from within+ Gershom Scholem's influence on Jewish historiography and the history of religions: Comparative perspectives on'Redemption through Sin'.S. M. Wasserstrom - 1997 - Journal of Jewish Thought and Philosophy 6 (1):37-57.
     
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  4. The philosophy of Viśiṣṭādvaita Vedānta: a study based on Vedānta Deśika's Adhikaraṇa-sārāvalī.Srinivasa Chari & M. S. - 2007 - Delhi: Motilal Banarasidass Publishers.
    Study of Adhikaraṇasārāvalī of Veṅkaṭanātha, 1268-1369, work on the fundamentals of Viśiṣṭādvaita philosophy.
     
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  5.  7
    Understanding and Mitigating the Menace of Predatory Journals: Perspectives of University Teachers in Bangladesh.Umme Habiba & S. M. Zabed Ahmed - forthcoming - Journal of Academic Ethics:1-24.
    This paper examines the perspectives of university teachers in Bangladesh regarding predatory journals, assesses their knowledge of the characteristics of such journals, investigates the factors that might influence their submission of papers to such journals, and explores their views on how universities can contribute to the identification of predatory journals. A total of 391 university teachers participated in this study. Chi-square tests were conducted to examine the relationship between participants’ demographic characteristics and their perceptions of open access and predatory journals. (...)
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  6. Modeling the sub-cellualer signaling pathways involved in reinforcement learning at the straitum.S. M. Wanjerkhede & R. S. Bapi - 2008 - In Rahul Banerjee & Bikas K. Chakrabarti (eds.), Models of brain and mind: physical, computational, and psychological approaches. Boston: Elsevier.
     
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  7.  75
    S. M. Benedetta Zorzi, Desiderio della bellezza. Da Platone a Gregorio di Nissa: tracce di una rifrazione teologico-semantica. [REVIEW]S. M. Benedetta Zorzi - 2008 - Augustinianum 48 (2):531-540.
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  8.  16
    Rationalizing Capitalist Democracy: Cold War Origins of Rational Choice Liberalism.S. M. Amadae - 2003 - Chicago, IL, USA: University of Chicago Press.
    This book discusses how rational choice theory grew out of RAND's work for the US Air Force. It concentrates on the work of William J. Riker, Kenneth J. Arrow, James M. Buchanan, Russel Hardin, and John Rawls. It argues that within the context of the US Cold War with its intensive anti-communist and anti-collectivist sentiment, the foundations of capitalist democracy were grounded in the hyper individualist theory of non-cooperative games.
  9.  50
    Hesiod's Pandora.S. M. Adams - 1932 - The Classical Review 46 (05):193-196.
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  10. James M. Buchanan, John Rawls, and Democratic Governance.S. M. Amadae - 2011 - In Robert Cavelier (ed.), Approaching Deliberative Democracy. Pittsburgh, PA, USA: pp. 31-52.
    This article compares James M. Buchanan's and John Rawls's theories of democratic governance. In particular it compares their positions on the characteristics of a legitimate social contract. Where Buchanan argues that additional police force can be used to quell political demonstrations, Rawls argues for a social contract that meets the difference principle.
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  11. Prisoners of Reason: Game Theory and Neoliberal Political Economy.S. M. Amadae (ed.) - 2015 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    Is capitalism inherently predatory? Must there be winners and losers? Is public interest outdated and free-riding rational? Is consumer choice the same as self-determination? Must bargainers abandon the no-harm principle? Prisoners of Reason recalls that classical liberal capitalism exalted the no-harm principle. Although imperfect and exclusionary, modern liberalism recognized individual human dignity alongside individuals' responsibility to respect others. Neoliberalism, by contrast, views life as ceaseless struggle. Agents vie for scarce resources in antagonistic competition in which every individual seeks dominance. This (...)
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  12. Prisoner's Dilemma.S. M. Amadae - 2015 - In Prisoners of Reason: Game Theory and Neoliberal Political Economy. New York: Cambridge University Press. pp. 24-61.
    As these opening quotes acknowledge, the Prisoner’s Dilemma (PD) represents a core puzzle within the formal mathematics of game theory.3 Its rise in conspicuity is evident figure 2.1 above demonstrating a relatively steady rise in incidences of the phrase’s usage between 1960 to 1995, with a stable presence persisting into the twenty first century. This famous two-person “game,” with a stock narrative cast in terms of two prisoners who each independently must choose whether to remain silent or speak, each advancing (...)
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  13. "Deterrence,".S. M. Amadae - 2015 - In Prisoners of Reason: Game Theory and Neoliberal Political Economy. New York: Cambridge University Press. pp. 99-140.
  14.  25
    Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of University Teachers Regarding Plagiarism in Bangladesh.S. M. Zabed Ahmed, Md Roknuzzaman & Mohammad Sharif Ul Islam - 2024 - Journal of Academic Ethics 22 (2):231-250.
    The main aim of this paper is to assess the level of knowledge, attitude and practice of university teachers regarding plagiarism in Bangladesh. An online questionnaire consisted of 20 knowledge questions, 23 attitude items, and 18 practice questions was created using Google Forms. The link to the questionnaire was sent via email to university teachers. The total correct answers for knowledge and practice questions, and the total attitude score were converted to percentile scores and categorized accordingly as poor ( mean (...)
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  15. Truth and essence of truth in Heidegger's thought,'.M. A. Wrathall - 1993 - In Charles B. Guignon (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Heidegger. New York: Cambridge University Press. pp. 241--267.
     
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  16.  15
    Editorial Board Member: brief biography.S. S. M. Walsh, S. N. Jarvis, E. M. L. Towner & A. Aynsley-Green - 1988 - Philosophy 14:118-24.
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  17. Computable Rationality, NUTS, and the Nuclear Leviathan.S. M. Amadae - 2018 - In Daniel Bessner & Nicolas Guilhot (eds.), The Decisionist Imagination: Democracy, Sovereignty and Social Science in the 20th Century. New York, NY, USA:
    This paper explores how the Leviathan that projects power through nuclear arms exercises a unique nuclearized sovereignty. In the case of nuclear superpowers, this sovereignty extends to wielding the power to destroy human civilization as we know it across the globe. Nuclearized sovereignty depends on a hybrid form of power encompassing human decision-makers in a hierarchical chain of command, and all of the technical and computerized functions necessary to maintain command and control at every moment of the sovereign's existence: this (...)
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  18. Attitudes of the Lebanese public regarding disclosure of serious illness.S. M. Adib & G. N. Hamadeh - 1999 - Journal of Medical Ethics 25 (5):399-403.
    OBJECTIVES: To measure the preference regarding disclosure of a serious diagnosis, and its determinants, of the Lebanese public. DESIGN AND SETTING: Non-random sample survey of 400 persons interviewed in health care facilities in Beirut in 1995. RESULTS: Forty-two per cent of respondents generally preferred truth not to be disclosed directly to patients. Preference for disclosure was associated with younger age, better education and tendency to rapport-building with physicians. There were no meaningful associations between place of residence (urban/rural), level of religious (...)
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  19.  3
    Pembimbing ke ilmu politik.S. M. Abidin - 1960 - Djakarta,: Menara Pengetahuan.
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  20.  22
    The Burial of Polyneices.S. M. Adams - 1931 - The Classical Review 45 (03):110-111.
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  21. Life without Virtue: Economists Rule; Review Essay of Dani Rodrik's Economics Rules.S. M. Amadae - 2020 - Economic Issues 25 (2):51-70.
    This review essay of Economics Rules situates Dani Rodrik’s contribution with respect to the 2007–2008 global economic crisis. This financial meltdown, which the eurozone did not fully recover from before the Covid-19 pandemic, led to soul- searching among economists as well as a call for heterodox economic approaches. Yet, over the past decade, instead the economics profession has maintained its orthodoxy. Rodrik’s Economics Rules offers a critique of the economics profession that is castigating but mild. It calls for economists to (...)
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  22. Scientific Competition: Theory and Policy, Conferences on New Political Economy.M. Albert, D. Schmidtchen & S. Voigt (eds.) - 2003 - Mohr Siebeck.
  23. Binocular rivalry and the cerebral hemispheres, with a note on the correlates and constitution of visual consciousness.S. M. Miller - 2001 - Brain and Mind 2 (1):119-49.
    In addressing thescientific study of consciousness, Crick and Koch state, It is probable that at any moment some active neuronal processes in your head correlate with consciousness, while others do not: what is the difference between them? (1998, p. 97). Evidence from electrophysiological and brain-imaging studies of binocular rivalry supports the premise of this statement and answers to some extent, the question posed. I discuss these recent developments and outline the rationale and experimental evidence for the interhemispheric switch hypothesis of (...)
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  24. National Populist Challenges to Europe’s Center Right: Three Questions for Europe.S. M. Amadae & Henri Aaltonen - 2019 - In Antti Ronkainen & Juri Mykkänen (eds.), Vapiseva Eurooppa. Tampere, Finland: pp. 225-240.
    This paper analyses the National Populist Challenges to Europe’s Center Right. It assesses the cases of the UK, Germany and France. It poses three questions for Europe: How will political integration be achieved and maintained? What policies will foster economic inclusion in the Eurozone? And, third, what are the best means to achieve economic solvency and growth. The paper make a case that neoliberal economic policies over the past decades have undermined some nations' public sector and have also contributed to (...)
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  25. Utility, Universality, and Impartiality in Adam Smith’s Jurisprudence.S. M. Amadae - 2008 - The Adam Smith Review 4:238-246.
    This paper examines how the concepts of utility, impartiality, and universality worked together to form the foundation of Adam Smith's jurisprudence. It argues that the theory of utility consistent with contemporary rational choice theory is insufficient to account for Smith's use of utility. Smith's jurisprudence relies on the impartial spectator's sympathetic judgment over whether third parties are injured, and not individuals' expected utility associated with individuals' expected gains from rendering judgments over innocence or guilt.
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  26.  87
    Unawareness of deficits in neuropsychological syndromes.S. M. McGlynn & Daniel L. Schacter - 1989 - Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology 11:143-205.
  27.  40
    Aeschylus, Agamemnon, 50.S. M. Adams - 1930 - The Classical Review 44 (05):162-163.
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  28.  40
    Notes on Aeschylus, Agamemnon_ and Sophocles, _Antigone.S. M. Adams - 1955 - The Classical Review 5 (02):132-134.
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  29.  18
    Two Plays of Euripides.S. M. Adams - 1935 - The Classical Review 49 (04):118-122.
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  30.  22
    The Sophoclean Orestes.S. M. Adams - 1933 - The Classical Review 47 (06):209-210.
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  31. Tradit︠s︡ii sot︠s︡ialʹno-filosofskoĭ mysli v dukhovnoĭ kulʹture kyrgyzskogo naroda.S. M. Mukasov - 1999 - Bishkek: "Ilim".
     
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  32. Cognitive development.M. S. Albert, Adele D. Diamond, R. H. Fitch, Helen J. Neville, Petere R. Rapp & Paula A. Tallal - 1999 - In M. J. Zigmond & F. E. Bloom (eds.), Fundamental Neuroscience.
  33.  24
    Pointing perception is precise.S. M. Cooney, N. Brady & A. McKinney - 2018 - Cognition 177:226-233.
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  34.  39
    Creative Thought: An Investigation of Conceptual Structures and Processes.T. B. Ward, S. M. Smith & J. Vaid (eds.) - 1997 - American Psychological Association.
  35. Autonomy and Machine Learning as Risk Factors at the Interface of Nuclear Weapons, Computers and People.S. M. Amadae & Shahar Avin - 2019 - In Vincent Boulanin (ed.), The Impact of Artificial Intelligence on Strategic Stability and Nuclear Risk: Euro-Atlantic Perspectives. Stockholm, Sweden: pp. 105-118.
    This article assesses how autonomy and machine learning impact the existential risk of nuclear war. It situates the problem of cyber security, which proceeds by stealth, within the larger context of nuclear deterrence, which is effective when it functions with transparency and credibility. Cyber vulnerabilities poses new weaknesses to the strategic stability provided by nuclear deterrence. This article offers best practices for the use of computer and information technologies integrated into nuclear weapons systems. Focusing on nuclear command and control, avoiding (...)
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  36. Chapter 7 Cryptocurrency, Distributed Ledger Technology and Blockchain Tokens.S. M. Amadae - 2023 - In Sustainable Consumption: Political Economy of Sustainable Food. Aalto University. pp. 199-241.
    This chapter discusses cryptocurrency, distributed ledger technology and blockchain tokens within the context of technological innovation, the history of money and accounting practices, and their multiple functionalities beyond those of standard currencies. This discussion is motivated by the design of cryptocurrencies for specific community needs, and to reflect anti-rival, positive sum value.
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  37. Legal personality of robots, corporations, idols and chimpanzees: a quest for legitimacy.S. M. Solaiman - 2017 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 25 (2):155-179.
    Robots are now associated with various aspects of our lives. These sophisticated machines have been increasingly used in different manufacturing industries and services sectors for decades. During this time, they have been a factor in causing significant harm to humans, prompting questions of liability. Industrial robots are presently regarded as products for liability purposes. In contrast, some commentators have proposed that robots be granted legal personality, with an overarching aim of exonerating the respective creators and users of these artefacts from (...)
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  38. The Logic of the Third Man.S. M. Cohen - 1999 - In Gail Fine (ed.), Plato, Volume 1: Metaphysics and Epistemology. Oxford University Press.
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  39.  49
    Visual enhancement of touch and the bodily self.M. Longo, S. Cardozo & P. Haggard - 2008 - Consciousness and Cognition 17 (4):1181-1191.
    We experience our own body through both touch and vision. We further see that others’ bodies are similar to our own body, but we have no direct experience of touch on others’ bodies. Therefore, relations between vision and touch are important for the sense of self and for mental representation of one’s own body. For example, seeing the hand improves tactile acuity on the hand, compared to seeing a non-hand object. While several studies have demonstrated this visual enhancement of touch (...)
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  40. Ontogeny, phylogeny, and scientific development.S. M. Downes - 1999 - In Valerie Gray Hardcastle (ed.), Where Biology Meets Psychology. MIT Press. pp. 273--285.
  41. Evoli︠u︡t︠s︡iĭna idei︠a︡ do Darvina.S. M. Gershenzon - 1974 - Kiev: "Naukova dumka," ;.
     
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  42.  31
    The development of Herbert Spencer's concept of evolution.Robert M. Young - 2000 - In John Offer (ed.), Herbert Spencer: critical assessments. New York: Routledge. pp. 2--378.
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  43. Economics Imperialism Reconsidered.S. M. Amadae - 2017 - In Uskali Mäki, Adrian Walsh & Manuela Fernández Pinto (eds.), Scientific Imperialism: Exploring the Boundaries of Interdisciplinarity. London, UK: pp. 140-160.
    This chapter uses Uskali Mäki’s (2009) concepts of “good” and “bad” imperialism to investigate the “economics imperialism” thesis. If science expands by offering (a) consilience, and (b) epistemological and ontological unity – that is, it explains more phenomena with greater parsimony – then this is good scientific expansion. Economics imperialism is only bad if the methodology of economics expands outside its domain without increasing understanding in the above manners.
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  44. Physicians' strikes--a rejoinder.S. M. Glick - 1985 - Journal of Medical Ethics 11 (4):196-197.
    The author, a physician, rejects a previous defence of a doctors' strike. There is little justification for strikes in general, still less for doctors' strikes, he claims. Should not doctors rather 'stand above the common herd' and set an example, he asks. Furthermore the whole idea of strikes in which a third and innocent party is deliberately punished in order to apply pressure on someone else is a 'a bizarre ethic indeed' and not to his knowledge justified under any ethical (...)
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  45.  53
    Armstrong’s Theory of Laws and Causation: Putting Things into their Proper Places.S. M. Hassan A. Shirazi - 2018 - Problemos 94:61.
    [full article, abstract in English; abstract in Lithuanian] Armstrong’s theory of laws and causation may be articulated as something like the following, which we may refer to as the received view: “Laws are intrinsic higher-order relations of ensuring between properties. The instantiation of laws is identical with singular causation. This identity is a posteriori.” Opponents and advocates of this view, believe that it may fairly and correctly be attributed to Armstrong. I do not deny it; instead I seek to reconsider (...)
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  46. Comment in favor of Susan Gubar's' What Ails Feminist Criticism?'.S. M. Gilbert - 1999 - Critical Inquiry 25 (2):400-401.
  47.  16
    An Approach for Demand Forecasting in Steel Industries Using Ensemble Learning.S. M. Taslim Uddin Raju, Amlan Sarker, Apurba Das, Md Milon Islam, Mabrook S. Al-Rakhami, Atif M. Al-Amri, Tasniah Mohiuddin & Fahad R. Albogamy - 2022 - Complexity 2022:1-19.
    This paper aims to introduce a robust framework for forecasting demand, including data preprocessing, data transformation and standardization, feature selection, cross-validation, and regression ensemble framework. Bagging ), boosting and extreme gradient boosting regression ), and stacking are employed as ensemble models. Different machine learning approaches, including support vector regression, extreme learning machine, and multilayer perceptron neural network, are adopted as reference models. In order to maximize the determination coefficient value and reduce the root mean square error, hyperparameters are set using (...)
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  48.  49
    Communal Ownership and Kant’s Theory of Right.S. M. Love - 2020 - Kantian Review 25 (3):415-440.
    The article argues that Kant’s argument for ownership entails a standard of meaningful use by which property regimes can be evaluated: a regime must make it possible for usable objects to be meaningfully used. A particular form of fully communal ownership can satisfy this standard. Further, this form of communal ownership is compatible with Kantian freedom more broadly. I conclude that, if this is so, there is a great deal of space for further consideration of the rightfulness of diverse regimes (...)
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  49. Perpetual anarchy : From economic security to financial insecurity.S. M. Amadae - 2017 - Finance and Society 2 (3):188-96.
    This forum contribution addresses two major themes in de Goede’s original essay on ‘Financial security’: (1) the relationship between stable markets and the proverbial ‘security dilemma’; and (2) the development of new decision-technologies to address risk in the post-World War II period. Its argument is that the confluence of these two themes through rational choice theory represents a fundamental re-evaluation of the security dilemma and its relationship to the rule of law governing market relations, ushering in an era of perpetual (...)
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  50. Wittgenstein's Grammar.S. M. Halloran - 1970 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 51 (2):212.
     
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