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  1. Decoding Liberation: The Promise of Free and Open Source Software.Samir Chopra & Scott Dexter - manuscript
    Routledge (New Media and Cyberculture Series), July 2007.
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  2. The Penn Lambda Calculator: Pedagogical Software for Natural Language Semantics.Maribel Romero - manuscript
    This paper describes a novel pedagogical software program that can be seen as an online companion to one of the standard textbooks of formal natural language semantics, Heim and Kratzer (1998). The Penn Lambda Calculator is a multifunctional application designed for use in standard graduate and undergraduate introductions to formal semantics: Teachers can use the application to demonstrate complex semantic derivations in the classroom and modify them interactively, and students can use it to work on problem sets provided by the (...)
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  3. Why Mental Disorders Are Not Like Software Bugs.Harriet Fagerberg - forthcoming - Philosophy of Science.
    According to the Argument for Autonomous Mental Disorder (AAMD), mental disorder can occur in the absence of brain disorder, just as software problems can occur in the absence of hardware problems in a computer. This paper argues that the AAMD is unsound. I begin by introducing the ‘natural dysfunction analysis’ of disorder, before outlining the AAMD. I then analyse the necessary conditions for realiser autonomous dysfunction. Building on this, I show that software functions disassociate from hardware functions in a way (...)
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  4. 622 Reviews of Books.Diane Owen Hughes - forthcoming - Medioevo.
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  5. An Enlightened Way to Curb Piracy of Digitalized Intellectual Property.M. R. Hyman & K. J. Shanahan - forthcoming - B> Quest.
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  6. Justice, Ethics and Piracy: On Doing the Right Thing.Lucas Introna - forthcoming - Levinas, Business Ethics.
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  7. The Matrix-Graph Method Of Choice And Verification Of Software Reliability Models.V. S. Kharchenko, O. M. Tarasyuk & V. V. Sklyar - forthcoming - Philosophy of Science.
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  8. The Challenges of Open Source Software in IT Adoption: Enterprise Architecture Versus Total Cost of Ownership.Michael Holm Larsen, Jesper Holck & Mogens Kühn Pedersen - forthcoming - Iris’27.
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  9. Operationalizing Software Reuse as a Problem in Machine Learning.R. G. Reynolds, J. I. Maletic & E. Zannoni - forthcoming - Proceedings of the Fourth Florida Artificial Intelligence Research Symposium, Florida Ai Research Society.
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  10. The Ethics of Software Project Management.Simon Rogerson & Donald Gotterbarn - forthcoming - Ethics and Information Technology. New Academic Publishers, Delhi.
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  11. Ethical Issues in Empirical Studies of Software Engineering.Janice A. Singer & Norman G. Vinson - forthcoming - Philosophical Explorations.
    The popularity of empirical methods in software engineering research is on the rise. Surveys, experiments, metrics, case studies, and field studies are examples of empirical methods used to investigate both software engineering processes and products. The increased application of empirical methods has also brought about an increase in discussions about adapting these methods to the peculiarities of software engineering. In contrast, the ethical issues raised by empirical methods have received little, if any, attention in the software engineering literature. This article (...)
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  12. Estudio y Análisis de Estrategias de Ahorro de Energía Usando El Software EES (Engineering Equation Solver) Para la Empresa Frigorífico de Pereira SA.Restrepo Victoria, Alvaro Hernán, Álvaro León Fernández & Víctor Darío Grajales - forthcoming - Scientia.
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  13. Game Technologies to Assist Learning of Communication Skills in Dialogic Settings for Persons with Aphasia.Ylva Backman, Viktor Gardelli & Peter Parnes - 2021 - International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Learning 16 (3):190-205.
    Persons with aphasia suffer from a loss of communication ability as a consequence of a brain injury. A small strand of research indicates effec- tiveness of dialogic interventions for communication development for persons with aphasia, but a vast amount of research studies shows its effectiveness for other target groups. In this paper, we describe the main parts of the hitherto technological development of an application named Dialogica that is (i) aimed at facilitating increased communicative participation in dialogic settings for persons (...)
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  14. Epistemic Issues in Computational Reproducibility: Software as the Elephant in the Room.Alexandre Hocquet & Frédéric Wieber - 2021 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 11 (2):1-20.
    Computational reproducibility possesses its own dynamics and narratives of crisis. Alongside the difficulties of computing as an ubiquitous yet complex scientific activity, computational reproducibility suffers from a naive expectancy of total reproducibility and a moral imperative to embrace the principles of free software as a non-negotiable epistemic virtue. We argue that the epistemic issues at stake in actual practices of computational reproducibility are best unveiled by focusing on software as a pivotal concept, one that is surprisingly often overlooked in accounts (...)
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  15. Models, Parameterization, and Software: Epistemic Opacity in Computational Chemistry.Frédéric Wieber & Alexandre Hocquet - 2020 - Perspectives on Science 28 (5):610-629.
    Computational chemistry grew in a new era of “desktop modeling,” which coincided with a growing demand for modeling software, especially from the pharmaceutical industry. Parameterization of models in computational chemistry is an arduous enterprise, and we argue that this activity leads, in this specific context, to tensions among scientists regarding the epistemic opacity transparency of parameterized methods and the software implementing them. We relate one flame war from the Computational Chemistry mailing List in order to assess in detail the relationships (...)
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  16. Trust ManagementTrust Management for Software-Defined Heterogeneous Vehicular Ad Hoc NetworksVehicular Ad Hoc Networks.Adnan Mahmood, Wei Emma Zhang, Quan Z. Sheng, Sarah Ali Siddiqui & Abdulwahab Aljubairy - 2019 - In Zaigham Mahmood (ed.), Security, Privacy and Trust in the Iot Environment. Springer Verlag. pp. 203-226.
    Over the past few decades, a considerable amount of interest has been observed for improving the overall road transportation across the globe, primarily to enhance the safety of vehicular passengers and vulnerable road pedestrians. Vehicular Ad hoc NetworksVehicular Ad hoc Networks are anticipated to play a critical role in smart cities and Internet of Things domain. Instead, it is expected that a new paradigm of Internet of VehiclesInternet of Vehicles will soon become an important component of the IoT. Also, since (...)
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  17. A Theory of Change for Prioritised Resilient and Evolvable Software Systems.Giuseppe Primiero, Franco Raimondi & Taolue Chen - 2019 - Synthese 198 (S23):5719-5744.
    The process of completing, correcting and prioritising specifications is an essential but very complex task for the maintenance and improvement of software systems. The preservation of functionalities and the ability to accommodate changes are main objectives of the software development cycle to guarantee system reliability. Logical theories able to fully model such processes are still insufficient. In this paper we propose a full formalisation of such operations on software systems inspired by the Alchourrón–Gärdenfors–Makinson paradigm for belief revision of human epistemic (...)
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  18. Ciencia de la computación y filosofía: unidades de análisis del software.Juan Manuel Durán - 2018 - Principia 22 (2):203-227.
    Una imagen muy generalizada a la hora de entender el software de computador es la que lo representa como una “caja negra”: no importa realmente saber qué partes lo componen internamente, sino qué resultados se obtienen de él según ciertos valores de entrada. Al hacer esto, muchos problemas filosóficos son ocultados, negados o simplemente mal entendidos. Este artículo discute tres unidades de análisis del software de computador, esto es, las especificaciones, los algoritmos y los procesos computacionales. El objetivo central es (...)
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  19. Formalizing the Software Engineering Process Using a Graphical Software Process Modelling Formalism.Hisham Khdair - 2018 - In Modern Education and Computer Science Press(MECS Press).
    Software process modelling has recently become an area of interest within both academia and industry. It aims at defining and formalizing the software process in the form of formal rigorous models. A software process modelling formalism presents the language or notation in which the software process is defined and formalized. Several software process modelling formalisms have been introduced lately, however, they have failed to gain the attention of the industry. One major objective of formalizing the software process that has ever (...)
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  20. Coordination Technology for Active Support Networks: Context, Needfinding, and Design.Stanley J. Rosenschein & Todd Davies - 2018 - AI and Society 33 (1):113-123.
    Coordination is a key problem for addressing goal–action gaps in many human endeavors. We define interpersonal coordination as a type of communicative action characterized by low interpersonal belief and goal conflict. Such situations are particularly well described as having collectively “intelligent”, “common good” solutions, viz., ones that almost everyone would agree constitute social improvements. Coordination is useful across the spectrum of interpersonal communication—from isolated individuals to organizational teams. Much attention has been paid to coordination in teams and organizations. In this (...)
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  21. Computer Science and Philosophy: Did Plato Foresee Object-Oriented Programming?Wojciech Tylman - 2018 - Foundations of Science 23 (1):159-172.
    This paper contains a discussion of striking similarities between influential philosophical concepts of the past and the approaches currently employed in selected areas of computer science. In particular, works of the Pythagoreans, Plato, Abelard, Ash’arites, Malebranche and Berkeley are presented and contrasted with such computer science ideas as digital computers, object-oriented programming, the modelling of an object’s actions and causality in virtual environments, and 3D graphics rendering. The intention of this paper is to provoke the computer science community to go (...)
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  22. An Architecture of Thin Client in Internet of Things and Efficient Resource Allocation in Cloud for Data Distribution.Aymen Abdullah, Phamhung Phuoc & Eui Namhuh - 2017 - International Arab Journal of Information Technology 14 (6).
    These days, Thin-client devices are continuously accessing the Internet to perform/receive diversity of services in the cloud. However these devices might either has lack in their capacity (e.g., processing, CPU, memory, storage, battery, resource allocation, etc) or in their network resources which is not sufficient to meet users satisfaction in using Thin-client services. Furthermore, transferring big size of Big Data over the network to centralized server might burden the network, cause poor quality of services, cause long respond delay, and inefficient (...)
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  23. Selective Software Project Management Methodology.Hisham Khdair - 2017 - IJournals: International Journal of Software and Hardware Research in Engineering 5.
    The selection of a proper management methodology plays a central role in releasing a successful software project. Selective Software Project Management Methodology (SSPMM) is a framework that enables software personnel to select the methodology that suits their software project. It fills the gap of controlling and progress tracking related to software projects according to the chosen development methodology. Furthermore, it allows a software project manager to schedule tasks in each software development phase. In addition, it monitors how a certain task (...)
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  24. Discovering Empirical Theories of Modular Software Systems. An Algebraic Approach.Nicola Angius & Petros Stefaneas - 2016 - In Vincent Müller (ed.), Computing and Philosophy: Selected Papers from IACAP 2014 (Synthese Library). Springer. pp. 99-115.
    This paper is concerned with the construction of theories of software systems yielding adequate predictions of their target systems’ computations. It is first argued that mathematical theories of programs are not able to provide predictions that are consistent with observed executions. Empirical theories of software systems are here introduced semantically, in terms of a hierarchy of computational models that are supplied by formal methods and testing techniques in computer science. Both deductive top-down and inductive bottom-up approaches in the discovery of (...)
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  25. Three Steps Multiobjective Decision Process for Software Release Planning.Isabel M. Del Águila & José Del Sagrado - 2016 - Complexity 21 (S1):250-262.
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  26. An Ontology of Suspicious Software Behavior.André Grégio, Rodrigo Bonacin, Antonio Carlos de Marchi, Olga Fernanda Nabuco & Paulo Lício de Geus - 2016 - Applied Ontology 11 (1):29-49.
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  27. Software Implementation of the SNOW 3G Generator on iOS and Android Platforms.J. Molina-Gil, P. Caballero-Gil, C. Caballero-Gil & A. Fúster-Sabater - 2016 - Logic Journal of the IGPL 24 (1).
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  28. Epistemic Opacity, Confirmation Holism and Technical Debt: Computer Simulation in the Light of Empirical Software Engineering.Julian Newman - 2016 - In History and Philosophy of Computing (IFIP AICT 487). Cham, Switzerland: Springer. pp. 256-272.
    Epistemic opacity vis a vis human agents has been presented as an essential, ineliminable characteristic of computer simulation models resulting from the characteristics of the human cognitive agent. This paper argues, on the contrary, that such epistemic opacity as does occur in computer simulations is not a consequence of human limitations but of a failure on the part of model developers to adopt good software engineering practice for managing human error and ensuring the software artefact is maintainable. One consequence of (...)
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  29. Rating Prediction for Software Developers by Integrating OSS Community and Crowd Sourcing.Shohei Ohsawa & Yutaka Matsuo - 2016 - Transactions of the Japanese Society for Artificial Intelligence 31 (2):A-F24_1-10.
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  30. A Shift From Cloud Computing Model to Fog Computing.C. Sailesh & S. Svermani - 2016 - Journal of Applied Computing 1 (1).
    Cloud computing has provided many opportunities to businesses and individuals. It enables global and on demand network access to a shared pool of resources with minimal management effort. However, this bliss has become a problem for latency-sensitive applications. To improve efficiency of cloud and to reduce the amount of data that needs to be transported to the cloud for data processing, analysis and storage, a new network architect technology 'Fog Computing' has been introduced. In fog computing, small applications and resources (...)
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  31. Crossbows, von Clauswitz, and the Eternality of Software Shrouds: Reply to Christianson.Selmer Bringsjord & John Licato - 2015 - Philosophy and Technology 28 (3):365-367.
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  32. Software Implementation of Cryptographic Sequence Generators Over Extended Fields.O. Delgado-Mohatar & A. Fuster-Sabater - 2015 - Logic Journal of the IGPL 23 (1):73-87.
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  33. Classification of Software Risks with Discriminant Analysis Techniques in Software Planning Development Process.Abdelrafe Elzamly, Burairah Hussin, Samy Naser, Doheir S. Abu & Mohamed - 2015 - International Journal of Advanced Science and Technology 81:35--48.
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  34. Biosecurity and Open-Source Biology: The Promise and Peril of Distributed Synthetic Biological Technologies.Nicholas G. Evans & Michael J. Selgelid - 2015 - Science and Engineering Ethics 21 (4):1065-1083.
    In this article, we raise ethical concerns about the potential misuse of open-source biology : biological research and development that progresses through an organisational model of radical openness, deskilling, and innovation. We compare this organisational structure to that of the open-source software model, and detail salient ethical implications of this model. We demonstrate that OSB, in virtue of its commitment to openness, may be resistant to governance attempts.
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  35. SP2MN: A Software Process Meta-Modeling Language.Hisham Khdair - 2015 - International Review on Computers and Software 10 (7):726-734.
    In the last two decades, software process modeling has been an area of interest within both academia and industry. Software process modeling aims at defining and representing software processes in the form of models. A software process model represents the medium that allows better understanding, management and control of the software process. Software process metamodeling rather, provides standard metamodels which enable the defining of customized software process models for a specific project in hand by instantiation. Several software process modeling/meta-modeling languages (...)
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  36. CCP4 Software Suite: History, Evolution, Content, Challenges and Future Developments.Eugene Krissinel - 2015 - Arbor 191 (772):a220.
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  37. An Ontology of Online User Feedback in Software Engineering.Itzel Morales-Ramirez, Anna Perini & Renata S. S. Guizzardi - 2015 - Applied Ontology 10 (3-4):297-330.
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  38. Sieć, Software Czy Obliczenia Naturalne? Jakie Techniki definiujÄ myśLenie Filozoficzne Homo Informaticus?Paweł Polak - 2015 - Studia Metodologiczne 34:143--170.
    30 years ago J.D. Bolter coined the term ’defining technology’. It is the technology which shapes culture and the mentality of human beings. Defining technology describes the role of technology as a source of cognitive metaphors. We are interesting in the metaphors which have an influence on the philosophical thinking. Bolter argued that digital computer was a defining technology of the late 20th century. He created also the the concept of ’Turing’s Man’. It is a man shaped by interactions with (...)
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  39. Using Humanitarian Free and Open Source Software (HFOSS) to Introduce Computing for the Social Good.Lori Postner, Darci Burdge, Stoney Jackson, Heidi Ellis, George Hislop & Sean Goggins - 2015 - Acm Sigcas Computers and Society 45 (2):35-35.
    Humanitarian Free and Open Source Software is a category of free and open source software that improves the human condition. HFOSS projects focus on a range of societal needs including microfinance, healthcare, education, and disaster relief. Many HFOSS projects are developed by international teams whose goal is to make the world a better place. These projects are often primarily used in developing nations, but many have been adopted across the world because of the robustness of the software and the ability (...)
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  40. On Malfunctioning Software.Giuseppe Primiero, Nir Fresco & Luciano Floridi - 2015 - Synthese 192 (4):1199-1220.
    Artefacts do not always do what they are supposed to, due to a variety of reasons, including manufacturing problems, poor maintenance, and normal wear-and-tear. Since software is an artefact, it should be subject to malfunctioning in the same sense in which other artefacts can malfunction. Yet, whether software is on a par with other artefacts when it comes to malfunctioning crucially depends on the abstraction used in the analysis. We distinguish between “negative” and “positive” notions of malfunction. A negative malfunction, (...)
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  41. Software Piracy in Research: A Moral Analysis.Gary Santillanes & Ryan Marshall Felder - 2015 - Science and Engineering Ethics 21 (4):967-977.
    Researchers in virtually every discipline rely on sophisticated proprietary software for their work. However, some researchers are unable to afford the licenses and instead procure the software illegally. We discuss the prohibition of software piracy by intellectual property laws, and argue that the moral basis for the copyright law offers the possibility of cases where software piracy may be morally justified. The ethics codes that scientific institutions abide by are informed by a rule-consequentialist logic: by preserving personal rights to authored (...)
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  42. Brittleness and Bureaucracy: Software as a Material for Science.Matt Spencer - 2015 - Perspectives on Science 23 (4):466-484.
    Computer simulations play a key role in many domains of contemporary science. The question of how they transform science has received a lot of scholarly attention. Many have concentrated on outlining the epistemological similarities and differences between simulation and experiment and theory and on the diversity of kinds of modelling and representing found across domains of science. A third direction, which I explore here, looks instead at how working with computers, and working in software environments in particular, gives this kind (...)
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  43. Software Bugs and Star Wars: Rebecca Slayton: Arguments That Count: Physics, Computing, and Missile Defense, 1949–2012. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 2013, Xi+325pp, $35.00 HB.Peter J. Westwick - 2015 - Metascience 24 (3):437-439.
    For over 50 years, since the development of nuclear-armed ICBMs, the USA has sought a way to defend against them. These efforts evolved through various strategies and technologies: from nuclear-tipped rockets through space-based laser weapons to today’s system of ground-based kinetic-kill interceptors. Public debate around these issues reached a peak in the 1980s with President Reagan’s Strategic Defense Initiative, popularly known as Star Wars.Rebecca Slayton examines this history in Arguments that Count, a valuable and well-told account of a particular aspect (...)
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  44. CLEAR: Class Level Software Refactoring Using Evolutionary Algorithms.Chenxiang Yuan, Bo Jiang, Weifeng Pan & Muchou Wang - 2015 - Journal of Intelligent Systems 24 (1):85-97.
    The original design of a software system is rarely prepared for every new requirement. Software systems should be updated frequently, which is usually accompanied by the decline in software modularity and quality. Although many approaches have been proposed to improve the quality of software, a majority of them are guided by metrics defined on the local properties of software. In this article, we propose to use a global metric borrowed from the network science to detect the moving method refactoring. First, (...)
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  45. Computational Idealizations in Software Intensive Science: A Comment on Symons’ and Horner’s Paper.Nicola Angius - 2014 - Philosophy and Technology 27 (3):479-484.
    This commentary on John Symons’ and Jack Horner’s paper, besides sharing its main argument, challenges the authors’ statement that there is no effective method to evaluate software-intensive systems as a distinguishing feature of software intensive science. It is underlined here how analogous methodological limitations characterise the evaluations of empirical systems in non-software intensive sciences. The authors’ claim that formal methods establish the correctness of computational models rather than of the represented programme is here compared with the empirical adequacy problem typifying (...)
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  46. The Problem of Justification of Empirical Hypotheses in Software Testing.Nicola Angius - 2014 - Philosophy and Technology 27 (3):423-439.
    This paper takes part in the methodological debate concerning the nature and the justification of hypotheses about computational systems in software engineering by providing an epistemological analysis of Software Testing, the practice of observing the programs’ executions to examine whether they fulfil software requirements. Property specifications articulating such requirements are shown to involve falsifiable hypotheses about software systems that are evaluated by means of tests which are likely to falsify those hypotheses. Software Reliability metrics, used to measure the growth of (...)
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  47. Without Copyrights: Piracy, Publishing, and the Public Domain.W. M. Chace - 2014 - Common Knowledge 20 (3):503-504.
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  48. Smart Objects: Come Il Digitale Organizza la Nostra Vita.Emanuele Crescimanno - 2014 - Aisthesis: Pratiche, Linguaggi E Saperi Dell’Estetico 7 (1):73-91.
    Computer, tablet, smartphone are the most important everyday objects in our life because we made experiences by them; they run due to their software: so it is necessary to understand it, his form, his design and his tradeoffs to understand the role of these objects and the possibilities of a conscious use of them.
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  49. Digital Rights and Freedoms: A Framework for Surveying Users and Analyzing Policies.Todd Davies - 2014 - In Luca Maria Aiello & Daniel McFarland (eds.), Social Informatics: Proceedings of the 6th International Conference (SocInfo 2014). Springer Lecture Notes in Computer Science Vol. 8851. pp. 428-443.
    Interest has been revived in the creation of a "bill of rights" for Internet users. This paper analyzes users' rights into ten broad principles, as a basis for assessing what users regard as important and for comparing different multi-issue Internet policy proposals. Stability of the principles is demonstrated in an experimental survey, which also shows that freedoms of users to participate in the design and coding of platforms appear to be viewed as inessential relative to other rights. An analysis of (...)
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  50. Open Genetic Code: On Open Source in the Life Sciences.Eric Deibel - 2014 - Life Sciences, Society and Policy 10 (1):1-23.
    The introduction of open source in the life sciences is increasingly being suggested as an alternative to patenting. This is an alternative, however, that takes its shape at the intersection of the life sciences and informatics. Numerous examples can be identified wherein open source in the life sciences refers to access, sharing and collaboration as informatic practices. This includes open source as an experimental model and as a more sophisticated approach of genetic engineering. The first section discusses the greater flexibly (...)
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