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Horton Davies [13]Hugh Davies [12]Henry Davies [9]H. Davies [7]
Huw T. O. Davies [7]Howard Davies [5]Huw Talfryn Oakley Davies [4]Hugh Sykes Davies [3]

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Hannah Davies
University of Liverpool
  1.  4
    UK Research Ethics Committee’s review of the global first SARS-CoV-2 human infection challenge studies.Hugh Davies - 2023 - Journal of Medical Ethics 49 (5):322-324.
    This paper describes the UK Research Ethics Committee’s (REC) preparations and review of the global first SARS-CoV-2 human infection challenge studies. To frame our review, we used the WHO guidance and our UK Health Research Authority ethical review framework. The WHO criteria covered most issues we were concerned about, but we would recommend one further criterion directing RECs to consider alternative research designs. Could research questions be equally well answered by less intrusive studies? The committee met virtually, ensuring broad representation (...)
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  2.  4
    Reshaping the review of consent so we might improve participant choice.Hugh Davies - 2021 - Sage Publications Ltd: Research Ethics 18 (1):3-12.
    Research Ethics, Volume 18, Issue 1, Page 3-12, January 2022. Consent is one necessary foundation for ethical research and it’s one of the research ethics committee’s major roles to ensure that the consent process meets acceptable standards. Although on Oxford ‘A’ REC we’ve been impressed by the thought and work put into this aspect of research ethics, we’ve continued to have concerns about the suitability and effectiveness of consent processes in supporting decision making, particularly for clinical trials. There’s poor understanding (...)
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  3.  33
    How can we provide effective training for research ethics committee members? A European assessment.H. Davies, F. Wells & C. Druml - 2008 - Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (4):301-302.
    Training for members of research ethics committees varies from state to state in Europe. To follow this up, the European Forum for Good Clinical Practice organised a workshop in March 2007 to explore these issues and look for solutions. This article summarises the discussion, providing ways forward to develop REC training.
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  4.  27
    Forthcoming practical framework for ethics committees and researchers on post-trial access to the trial intervention and healthcare.Neema Sofaer, Penney Lewis & Hugh Davies - 2014 - Journal of Medical Ethics 40 (4):217-218.
    When research concludes, post-trial access to the trial intervention or standard healthcare can be crucial for participants who are ill such as those in resource-poor countries with inadequate healthcare, British participants testing ‘last-chance drugs’ unavailable on the National Health Service and underinsured US participants. Yet, many researchers are unclear about their obligations regarding the post-trial period, and many research ethics committees do not know what to require of researchers. Consequences include participants who reasonably expect but lack PTA to the trial (...)
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  5.  4
    Reshaping consent so we might improve participant choice (II) – helping people decide.Hugh Davies, Rosie Munday, Maeve O’Reilly, Catriona Gilmour Hamilton, Arzhang Ardahan, Simon E. Kolstoe & Katie Gillies - 2023 - Research Ethics 19 (4):466-473.
    Research consent processes must provide potential participants with the necessary information to help them decide if they wish to join a study. On the Oxford ‘A’ Research Ethics Committee we’ve found that current research proposals mostly provide adequate detail (even if not in an easily comprehensible format), but often fail to support decision making, a view supported by published evidence. In a previous paper, we described how consent might be structured, and here we develop the concept of an Information and (...)
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  6. Standards for research ethics committees: purpose, problems and the possibilities of other approaches.H. Davies, F. Wells & M. Czarkowski - 2009 - Journal of Medical Ethics 35 (6):382-383.
    Criticism of ethical review of research continues and research ethics committees (RECs) need to demonstrate that they are “fit for purpose” by meeting acknowledged standards of process, debate and outcome. This paper reports a workshop in Warsaw in April 2008, organised by the European Forum for Good Clinical Practice, on the problems of setting standards for RECs in the European Union. Representatives from 27 countries were invited; 16 were represented. Problems identified were the limited and variable resources, difficulties of setting (...)
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  7. Governing AI-Driven Health Research: Are IRBs Up to the Task?Phoebe Friesen, Rachel Douglas-Jones, Mason Marks, Robin Pierce, Katherine Fletcher, Abhishek Mishra, Jessica Lorimer, Carissa Véliz, Nina Hallowell, Mackenzie Graham, Mei Sum Chan, Huw Davies & Taj Sallamuddin - 2021 - Ethics and Human Research 2 (43):35-42.
    Many are calling for concrete mechanisms of oversight for health research involving artificial intelligence (AI). In response, institutional review boards (IRBs) are being turned to as a familiar model of governance. Here, we examine the IRB model as a form of ethics oversight for health research that uses AI. We consider the model's origins, analyze the challenges IRBs are facing in the contexts of both industry and academia, and offer concrete recommendations for how these committees might be adapted in order (...)
     
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  8.  58
    Introducing the Learning Practice – I. The characteristics of Learning Organizations in Primary Care.Rosemary Rushmer, Diane Kelly, Murray Lough, Joyce E. Wilkinson & Huw T. O. Davies - 2004 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 10 (3):375-386.
  9.  56
    Introducing the Learning Practice – II. Becoming a Learning Practice.Rosemary Rushmer, Diane Kelly, Murray Lough, Joyce E. Wilkinson & Huw T. O. Davies - 2004 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 10 (3):387-398.
  10. Care after research: a framework for NHS RECs.Neema Sofaer, Penney Lewis & Hugh Davies - 2012 - Health Research Authority.
    Care after research is for participants after they have finished the study. Often it is NHS-provided healthcare for the medical condition that the study addresses. Sometimes it includes the study intervention, whether funded and supplied by the study sponsor, NHS or other party. The NHS has the primary responsibility for care after research. However, researchers are responsible at least for explaining and justifying what will happen to participants once they have finished. RECs are responsible for considering the arrangements. There are (...)
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  11.  67
    Introducing the Learning Practice – III. Leadership, empowerment, protected time and reflective practice as core contextual conditions.Rosemary Rushmer, Diane Kelly, Murray Lough, Joyce E. Wilkinson & Huw T. O. Davies - 2004 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 10 (3):399-405.
  12.  32
    A syllabus for research ethics committees: training needs and resources in different European countries.Ester Cairoli, Hugh T. Davies, Jürgen Helm, Georg Hook, Petra Knupfer & Frank Wells - 2012 - Journal of Medical Ethics 38 (3):184-186.
    This paper reports a European Forum for Good Clinical Practice workshop held in 2011 to consider a research ethics committee training syllabus, subsequent training needs and resources. The syllabus that was developed was divided into four competencies: committee working; scientific method; ethical analysis and the regulatory framework. Appropriate training needs for each, with possible resources, were discussed. Lack of funding for training was reported as a major problem but affordable alternatives were debated. Strengths and weaknesses of this approach were discussed (...)
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  13.  19
    Interpreting health outcomes.Huw Talfryn Oakley Davies & Iain Kinloch Crombie - 1997 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 3 (3):187-199.
  14.  22
    Reporting health care performance: learning from the past, prospects for the future.Russell Mannion & Huw T. O. Davies - 2002 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 8 (2):215-228.
  15.  11
    Performance management using health outcomes: in search of instrumentality.H. T. Davies - 1998 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 4 (4):359-362.
  16.  20
    Decision analysis in evidence‐based decision making.Manouche Tavakoli, Huw Talfryn Oakley Davies & Richard Thomson - 2000 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 6 (2):111-120.
  17. Helping Research Ethics Committees Share Their Experience, Learn from Review and Develop Consensus: An Observational Study of the UK Shared Ethical Debate.Peter Heasman, Alain Gregoire & Hugh Davies - 2011 - Research Ethics 7 (1):13-18.
    This project is based on the unique ‘Shared ethical debate’ between NHS RECs in the UK in which one research application is reviewed by several research ethics committees. This programme is now in its 6th cycle. In the fifth cycle a prison- based research project was reviewed by each of three NHS RECs that are ‘ flagged’ for such research and their debate and discussions were observed directly by one researcher who recorded the committee processes and the issues raised in (...)
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  18.  19
    Beyond health outcomes: the advantages of measuring process.I. K. Crombie & H. T. O. Davies - 1998 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 4 (1):31-38.
  19.  17
    Ethics in regulation.Howard Davies - 2001 - Business Ethics, the Environment and Responsibility 10 (4):280–287.
    This paper was given as the opening address at the 13th Annual European Business Ethics Network Conference' held in Cambridge 12–14 September 2000. The Chairman of the Financial Services Authority, Howard Davies, first outlined the background to the present approach to financial regulation in the UK. He described the principle‐based regulatory regime which is now in the process of being implemented, and the role of rules, regulations and guidelines in making this effective. However, compliance is not sufficient; for the system (...)
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  20. Atención después de la investigación: un marco para los comités de ética de investigación del National Health Service (NHS) (borrador versión 8.0).Neema Sofaer, Penny Lewis & Hugh Davies - 2012 - Perspectivas Bioéticas 17 (33):47-70.
    Resumen Ésta es la primera traducción al español de las guías “Atención después de la investigación: un marco para los comités de ética de investigación del National Health Service (NHS) (borrador versión 8.0)”. El documento afirma que existe una fuerte obligación moral de garantizar que los participantes enfermos de un estudio clínico hagan una transición después del estudio hacia una atención de la salud apropiada. Con “atención de la salud apropiada” se hace referencia al acceso para los participantes a la (...)
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  21.  5
    Reshaping consent so we might improve participant choice (III) – How is the research participant’s understanding currently checked and how might we improve this process?Hugh Davies, Simon E. Kolstoe & Anthony Lockett - forthcoming - Research Ethics.
    Valid consent requires the potential research participant understands the information provided. We examined current practice in 50 proposed Clinical Trials of Investigational Medicinal Products to determine how this understanding is checked. The majority of the proposals ( n = 44) indicated confirmation of understanding would take place during an interactive conversation between the researcher and potential participant, containing questions to assess and establish understanding. Yet up until now, research design and review have not focussed upon this, concentrating more on written (...)
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  22.  19
    Standards for Research Ethics Committees: Purpose, Problems and Possibilities.Hugh Davies - 2008 - Research Ethics 4 (4):152-157.
    This paper reports an initiative from the National Research Ethics Service and research ethics committees in the UK to develop a shared ethical debate between committees and to promote standards of ethical review, exploring the problems and practicalities of such an approach.
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  23.  16
    The Importance of Both Research and its Proper Review: A Historical Perspective.Hugh Davies - 2006 - Research Ethics 2 (2):40-46.
    It is self-evident that medical treatments have improved in recent centuries. Through a historical analysis this article demonstrates that experimental research has underpinned the success of modern medical therapy, but it also shows that there have been examples of unethical research and that these can still be found, even today. Whilst it is crucial that research continues, it is equally important that there is appropriate review. Although the health of research itself is central to our well-being, the community needs to (...)
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  24.  21
    Discussion paper: Public trust and accountability for clinical performance: Lessons from the national press reportage of the bristol hearing.Huw Talfryn Oakley Davies & Adam Valentine Shields - 1999 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 5 (3):335-342.
  25. Understanding culture and culture management in the English NHS: a comparison of professional and patient perspectives.Frederick H. Konteh, Russell Mannion & Huw T. O. Davies - 2011 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 17 (1):111-117.
  26.  97
    Unproven treatment in childhood oncology--how far should paediatricians co-operate?C. Yeoh, E. Kiely & H. Davies - 1994 - Journal of Medical Ethics 20 (2):75-76.
    Parents of children with terminal illness may try many different types of alternative and unproven treatment, not all recognised by the medical establishment. When active participation is requested difficult ethical dilemmas may arise. We present one such case, a child of five years with an inoperable posterior fossa brain tumour.
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  27.  29
    Prisoners as research participants: current practice and attitudes in the UK.Anna Charles, Annette Rid, Hugh Davies & Heather Draper - 2016 - Journal of Medical Ethics 42 (4):246-252.
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  28.  37
    A Duty of Care—Conflicting Rights: The Importance of Demonstrating Integrity and Accountability when Things go Wrong.Hazel Davies - 2011 - Ethics and Social Welfare 5 (4):402-407.
  29. Alan Paton: Literary Artist and Anglican.Horton Davies - 1952 - Hibbert Journal 50 (263):21.
     
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  30.  41
    Anagogical Signals in Flannery O'Connor's Fiction.Horton Davies - 1980 - Thought: Fordham University Quarterly 55 (4):428-438.
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  31.  20
    Bishop Godwin's 'lunatique language'.H. Neville Davies - 1967 - Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 30 (1):296-316.
  32.  1
    Culture and the Grammar School.Harry Davies - 1965 - British Journal of Educational Studies 14 (1):131-132.
  33.  17
    Dryden and vossius: A reconsideration.H. Neville Davies - 1966 - Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 29 (1):282-295.
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  34.  37
    Ethics and Practice in Child Protection.Hazel Davies - 2009 - Ethics and Social Welfare 3 (3):322-328.
    The author uses a case history to compare the approaches taken by social care teams in engaging with parents whose care of their children has been called into question. As organising secretary for Parent Aid, a voluntary support service for Essex families who had or were likely to become clients of Social Services, she drew up a list of five keys points that would improve working relations with parents in child protection and court situations and relates them to the ethical (...)
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  35.  19
    Exploring the pathology of quality failings: measuring quality is not the problem – changing it is†.Huw Talfryn Oakley Davies - 2001 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 7 (2):243-251.
  36.  7
    Electronic transport properties of liquid mercury-sodium alloys.H. A. Davies, J. S. Llewelyn Leach & P. H. Draper - 1971 - Philosophical Magazine 23 (185):1163-1167.
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  37.  15
    How Should We Teach Research Ethics?Hugh Davies - 2010 - Research Ethics 6 (2):43-47.
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  38.  11
    Hochsprache und Dialekt im Arabischen.H. T. Davies & Werner Diem - 1978 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 98 (2):160.
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  39.  34
    Jurisprudence: Texts and Commentary.Howard Davies & David Holdcroft - 1991 - Lexis Law Publishing (Va).
    Features collected extracts from key texts in jurisprudence, with commentary. These discuss the nature of law, and modern attempts to find an acceptable theory of justice. The book is intended for students of law.
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  40.  1
    Modern medicine: a doctor's dissent.Hywel Davies - 1977 - London: Abelard-Schuman.
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  41.  10
    Method of aesthetics: A note.Henry Davies - 1901 - Philosophical Review 10 (1):28-35.
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  42. Origen's Theory of Knowledge.H. H. Davies - 1899 - Philosophical Review 8:198.
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  43.  10
    Psychological experiences implicating the concept of substance.Henry Davies - 1899 - Philosophical Review 8 (6):604-621.
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  44. Religion, Truth and Justice.Harry Davies - 2005 - Philosophy Pathways 101.
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  45.  10
    Psychological Experiences Implicating the Concept of Substance.Henry Davies - 1899 - Philosophical Review 8 (6):604-621.
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  46. The English Free Churches.Horton Davies - 1952
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  47.  4
    The English mind.Hugh Sykes Davies - 1964 - Cambridge [Eng.]: University Press. Edited by Basil Willey & George Watson.
    This is not a random collection of essays, but a book on a single theme. Written by separate hands, mainly by literary critics at Cambridge, it was planned as a whole and executed with a common purpose: to produce the first literary study of the English moralists of the seventeenth century to the beginning of the twentieth. The authors share two convictions: they believe that the study of literature demands an understanding of whatever moral philosophy is embodied in it; and (...)
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  48. The English Mind Studies in the English Moralists Presented to Basil Willey.Hugh Sykes Davies, Basil Willey & George Grimes Watson - 1964 - University Press.
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  49.  7
    The electrical resistivity of liquid tin-gold alloys.H. A. Davies & J. S. Llewelyn Leach - 1969 - Philosophical Magazine 19 (162):1271-1283.
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  50.  13
    The growth of voluntary control.Henry Davies - 1899 - Psychological Review 6 (6):639-648.
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