About this topic
Summary This category addresses the philosophy of Thomas Hobbes (1588–1679). The most famous aspect of Hobbes's work is his political philosophy, which is explained in Leviathan and elsewhere. But Hobbes, like many philosophers of his day, also worked on a wide variety of other issues. Thus this section includes works that address Hobbes's views on many topics outside political philosophy, including mind, language, and religion.
Key works Hobbes's most famous book, Leviathan, is available in a variety of editions, including MacPherson's Penguin edition, Curley's Hackett edition, which includes translations of variants in the Latin edition, and a new edition of both the English and Latin texts, edited by Malcolm as part of the Clarendon Edition of the works of Hobbes. Other works include (in recent editions and translations) Hobbes 1994, Hobbes 1998, Hobbes 1994, Hobbes 1994, and Hobbes 1981
Introductions Lloyd & Sreedhar 2008 is an introduction to Hobbes's moral and political philosophy.  Duncan 2009 is an introduction to other aspects of Hobbes's philosophy.
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  1. Hobbes's Peace Dividend.Tom Sorell - forthcoming - History of Philosophy Quarterly.
    Hobbes thinks that people who submit to government can not only hope for, but actually experience, something they recognise as a good life. The good life involves the exercise of harmless liberty –activity that the sovereign should not prohibit. The exchange of harmless liberty in the commonwealth for ruthless self-protection in the state of nature is what might be called Hobbes’s peace dividend. It is the liberty of ordinary citizens to buy, sell, choose and practice a trade as a source (...)
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  2. Domesticating Political Resistance: Rhetoric, Time, and (the Limits of) Settler Sovereignty in Thomas Hobbes' Leviathan.Janice Feng - 2022 - Theory and Event 25 (1):4-24.
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  3. Catharine Macaulay and the Reception of Hobbes in the Eighteenth Century.Karen Green - 2021 - In A Companion to Hobbes. Hoboken, NJ, USA: pp. 492–504.
    There is a disconnect between the central place that Hobbes now occupies in the presumed history of democratic republicanism, and the fortunes of his political philosophy during the period leading up to the American and French revolutions. Given the central place that Hobbes’s political ideas are now accorded in the history of liberal democracy, this is a surprising fact. One of the few eighteenth-century works to engage with Hobbes was Catharine Macaulay’s critical, Loose Remarks on certain positions to be found (...)
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  4. Medea en Thomas Hobbes.Camila Arbuet Osuna - 2021 - Cuadernos Filosóficos / Segunda Época 18.
    The present article inquires into the uses of Medea’s tragedy as a representation of political sedition in the XVII century, especially in Hobbes’ works who introduces the myth with few variations three times in his work. We are interested in the semantic shifts in the use of a tragedy that, for multiple reasons –to which we will later return– works as an epochal catalyzer of the political and moral dangers with which regicide is symbolically burdened. This constant role, identifiable in (...)
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  5. Hobbes: uma tensão entre a mecânica e a linguagem.Mariana Dias Pinheiro Santos - 2021 - Filogenese 16:85-102.
    Em Hobbes, a natureza é colocada em uma perspectiva mecanicista, e o homem, antes de ser apresentado na vida política, é apresentado em sua condição natural para ser entendido; a física dos movimentos ganha força como um modo de entender a natureza e, por conseguinte, a natureza humana. A linguagem registrando os eventos ocorridos na natureza e sendo condição de possibilidade para a ciência, parece relacionar-se com a força que a física dos movimentos ganha na obra do filosofo de Malmesbury. (...)
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  6. A linguagem em Hobbes: 1656, 1651 e 1650.Mariana Dias Pinheiro Santos - 2021 - Cadernos Espinosanos 45:221-256.
    O objetivo deste trabalho consiste em apresentar algumas mudanças promovidas por Hobbes entre Elementos da Lei e as edições inglesas de Leviatã e De Corpore no que diz respeito à sua teoria da linguagem. Sustenta-se que não é possível conceber uma unidade entre todas as obras supracitadas e que De Corpore contém a versão final da teoria da linguagem hobbesiana; e sugere-se que as alterações promovidas se devem, ao menos em parte, às críticas que Descartes promove nas respostas às Terceiras (...)
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  7. Taming Human Nature? Reflections on Xunzi and Hobbes.Kok-Chor Tan - 2017 - Journal of East-West Thought 17 (4):19-39.
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  8. Balzi, Carlos (2019). “Introducción”. Hobbes, Thomas, Leviatán.Juan Cruz Apcarián - 2021 - Páginas de Filosofía 22 (25):145-150.
    Se trata de la reseña del libro de Carlos Balzi, “Introducción”, en Hobbes, Thomas, Leviatán. Buenos Aires: Colihue, 208 páginas.
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  9. A soberania entre a renúncia dos direitos ilimitados do contrato hobbesiano e a “alienação verdadeira” do pacto rousseauniano.Luiz Carlos Mariano da Rosa - 2016 - Akrópolis – Revista de Ciências Humanas da UNIPAR 24 (1):71-84.
    Detendo-se na transição do estado de natureza para a sociedade civil, o artigo contrapõe o caráter contingente e voluntário do contrato hobbesiano e a necessidade que implica o processo de constituição do social que determina o pacto rousseauniano, convergindo para a antinomia da relação envolvendo liberdade e autoridade. Essa, de acordo com a perspectiva de Hobbes demanda a renúncia dos direitos ilimitados dos sujeitos em função da soberania estatal e acarreta a instituição do soberano como representante, detentor de todo o (...)
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  10. Do bem comum da visão platônico-aristotélica à lógica hobbesiana do contrato social (da ordem mecânica da matéria à ordem final da vontade).Luiz Carlos Mariano da Rosa - 2014 - Revista Filosofia Capital 9 (16):58-75.
    Detendo-se na investigação dos dois grandes modelos que caracterizam o pensamento polí­tico, a saber, o modelo clássico (grego ou aristotélico) e o modelo jusnaturalista (hobbesiano), o artigo em questão, distinguindo no âmbito daquele as teorias idealistas e realistas, empreende uma abordagem que nas fronteiras deste último sublinha desde a questão que envolve "Como nasceu o Estado?", proposta pela perspectiva historicista (paradigma aristotélico), que traz como fundamento o homem como "animal polí­tico", até a leitura racionalista (parãmetro hobbesiano), que acena com o (...)
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  11. Hobbes' Biological Rhetoric and the Covenant.Gonzalo Bustamante Kuschel - 2021 - Journal of Speculative Philosophy 35 (3):289-312.
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  12. Secularization in Thomas Hobbes' Anthropology in Thomas Hobbes, His View of Man: Proceedings of the Hobbes Symposium at the International School of Philosophy in the Netherlands (Leusden, September 1979).Angelo Campodonico (ed.) - 1979 - Amsterdam: Rodopi.
    Thomas Hobbes, His View of Man: Proceedings of the Hobbes Symposium at the International School of Philosophy in the Netherlands (Leusden, September 1979).
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  13. Homo Homini Tigris: Thomas Hobbes and the Global Images of Sovereignty.Sandro Chignola - forthcoming - Philosophy and Social Criticism.
    This article addresses the modern concept of sovereignty as a multivocal and conflictual semantic field, arguing for the necessity to trace its genealogy based on the structural tensions that haunt...
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  14. Motion as an Accident of Matter: Margaret Cavendish and Thomas Hobbes on Motion and Rest.Marcus P. Adams - forthcoming - Wiley: The Southern Journal of Philosophy.
    The Southern Journal of Philosophy, EarlyView.
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  15. God, Laws, and the Order of Nature: Descartes and Leibniz, Hobbes, and Spinoza.Daniel Garber - 2013 - In Eric Watkins (ed.), The Divine Order, The Human Order, and the Order of Nature. Oxford University Press. pp. 45-66.
  16. Colloque International de l'Association Internationale des Amis de Hobbes.par Liang Pang - 2021 - Rivista di Storia Della Filosofia 3:579-584.
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  17. Mere Civility: Disagreement and the Limits of Toleration.Edward Andrew - forthcoming - The European Legacy:1-3.
    Teresa Bejan’s Mere Civility is a scholarly, thoughtful, provocative, witty and well-written book with intellectual biographies of Roger Williams, Thomas Hobbes, and John Locke to illustrate differ...
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  18. Sobre as paixões humanas em Thomas Hobbes.Lara Rocha & Raphaela Cândido - 2021 - Griot : Revista de Filosofia 21 (3):1-14.
    The article aims to identify as the main passions that run through the Hobbesian theoretical corpus. To this end, the exhibition will begin by analyzing the mechanism of the passions founded by the author. Next, it will be highlighted how unbridled passions make peaceful coexistence between individuals unfeasible, establishing a scenario in which conflicts are inevitable. Two passions will be analyzed in more detail: vainglory and fear. After emphasizing that the Hobbesian man tends naturally to his own benefit, to competition (...)
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  19. The Opinion of Mankind: Sociability and the Theory of the State From Hobbes to Smith.Karl W. Schweizer - forthcoming - The European Legacy:1-3.
    An impressive scholarly achievement, The Opinion of Mankind aims to highlight the depth and originality of David Hume and Adam Smith as political theorists by demonstrating how their respective wri...
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  20. La recepción de Hobbes por Leibniz.Cabañas Leticia - manuscript
    En muchos aspectos ejerció Hobbes, con su pensamiento en las antípodas del cartesianismo, una duradera influencia en Leibniz. Pero aunque Leibniz, como Hobbes, pretende mecanizar la mente, no admite la negación hobbesiana de la sustancia inmaterial, su disolución en el cuerpo. Por el contrario, quiere salvar el concepto de mente. Para lograrlo le da la vuelta al argumento de Hobbes. Si este último define la mente en términos de cuerpo, Leibniz va a considerar el cuerpo a partir de la mente.
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  21. Hobbes' Biological Rhetoric and the Covenant.Gonzalo Bustamante Kuschel - 2021 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 54 (3):289.
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  22. A Crítica de Kant a Hobbes em Teoria e Prática.Aguinaldo Pavão - 2008 - Philosophica: International Journal for the History of Philosophy 16 (31):91-101.
    Na segunda parte de TP, intitulada “Da relação da teoria à prática no direito político ”, Kant faz referência ao capítulo VII, § 14 de Do Cidadão. De acordo com Kant, Hobbes somente estaria certo se reconhecesse que a injustiça implica o reconhecimento ao lesado de um direito de constrangimento. Mas Kant entende que Hobbes toma a noção de injúria, ou injustiça, na sua generalidade, quer dizer, ele não procederia, segundo Kant, a nenhuma restrição conceituai capaz de acomodar esses conceitos (...)
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  23. The Tragedy of Honor in Early Modern Political Thought: Hobbes, Mandeville, Montesquieu, and Rousseau.Antong Liu - 2021 - History of European Ideas 47 (8):1243-1261.
    ABSTRACT The academic defense of honor for its positive political and moral effects has surged recently among moral philosophers and political theorists. Challenging the narrative that the feudal legacy of honor has become outdated but acknowledging the reasonable points that opponents of honor have made, contemporary defenders aim to render honor compatible with society and politics today. This defense is reminiscent of that in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, especially four modes of honor developed respectively by Hobbes, Mandeville, Montesquieu, and (...)
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  24. Thomas Hobbes and ‘Gently Instilled’ Conscience.Amy Gais - 2021 - History of European Ideas 47 (8):1211-1227.
    ABSTRACT This article engages with a key interpretive puzzle in Hobbes’s political thought – his seemingly contradictory view of liberty of conscience – and argues that Hobbes theorizes civic education as a powerful tool to confront and refashion prevailing views of conscience in early modernity. While influential accounts have recovered more ‘tolerant’ arguments in Hobbes’s political thought, recent revisionist accounts have argued that Hobbes does not merely advocate for the compulsion of outward conformity but also subjects’ inward persuasion. Yet this (...)
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  25. The Tragedy of the Commons and Leviathan.Sofia Guedes Vaz - 2003 - Philosophica: International Journal for the History of Philosophy 11 (22):65-82.
    The type of authority needed for a good environmental public policy is discussed. We looked at some authors who saw in Leviathan, a type of authority possibly compatible with a model for environmental policy and to some others who refuted it. The need for a Leviathan, what type of Leviathan and could Hobbes’s arguments be used in environmental policy is then discussed. The tragedy of the commons, a rich metaphor for environmental policy is used as the main drive. This small (...)
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  26. Homo Homini Tigris: Thomas Hobbes and the Global Images of Sovereignty.Sandro Chignola - forthcoming - Philosophy and Social Criticism.
    This article addresses the modern concept of sovereignty as a multivocal and conflictual semantic field, arguing for the necessity to trace its genealogy based on the structural tensions that haunt...
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  27. Foucault’s Analytics of Sovereignty.Eli B. Lichtenstein - 2021 - Critical Horizons 22 (3):287-305.
    The classical theory of sovereignty describes sovereignty as absolute and undivided yet no early modern state could claim such features. Historical record instead suggests that sovereignty was always divided and contested. In this article I argue that Foucault offers a competing account of sovereignty that underlines such features and is thus more historically apt. While commentators typically assume that Foucault’s understanding of sovereignty is borrowed from the classical theory, I demonstrate instead that he offers a sui generis interpretation, which results (...)
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  28. The Hopefull Leviathan: Hope, Deliberation and the Commonwealth.Christopher Bobier - 2021 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 103 (3):455-480.
    According to a common reading of Thomas Hobbes, fear is the most philosophically important passion, responsible for the founding and sustaining of the commonwealth. I argue that this common reading is incorrect by focusing on the necessary and important role of hope in human action as well as in the founding and sustaining of the commonwealth. Life in the Hobbesian commonwealth, on the reading defended in this paper, is less fearful and more hopeful than scholars have noticed.
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  29. Homo Homini Tigris: Thomas Hobbes and the Global Images of Sovereignty.Sandro Chignola - forthcoming - Sage Publications Ltd: Philosophy and Social Criticism.
    Philosophy & Social Criticism, Ahead of Print. This article addresses the modern concept of sovereignty as a multivocal and conflictual semantic field, arguing for the necessity to trace its genealogy based on the structural tensions that haunt its logical framework – as well as its representations – rather than on a linear historiographic reconstruction. In particular, the scrutiny I propose aims to examine a series of exchanges that have been characterizing this concept since the beginning: the global and the European, (...)
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  30. Interpreting Hobbes’s Moral Theory: Rightness, Goodness, Virtue, and Responsibility.S. A. Lloyd - 2021 - Journal of Ethical Reflections 1 (4):69-90.
    The paper argues that the moral philosophy of Thomas Hobbes is unified by a complex conception of reason that imposes consistency norms of both rationality and reasonableness. Hobbes’s conceptions of rightness as reciprocity, and moral goodness as sociability belong to an original and attractive moral theory that is neither teleological nor classically deontological, nor as interpreters have variously argued, subjectivist, contractarian, egoist, or dependent on divine command.
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  31. Philosophy and Theological Rationalism.Gabriela Tănăsescu - 2021 - Dialogue and Universalism 31 (2):123-144.
    The paper aims to circumscribe, through a specific history of ideas approach, the relevance of Benedict Spinoza’s theological rationalism to the major debate which generated the Early Enlightenment, the radical conception on the new status of philosophy in relation to theology, on libertas philosophandi and rational philosophizing. The main lines of Spinoza’s theological rationalism are sustained as being inspired and encouraged by Hobbes’ “negative theology,” the only theology considered consonant with the “true philosophy.” The paper also indicates the originality of (...)
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  32. Luck Egalitarianism and the History of Political Thought.Carl Knight - 2016 - In Camilla Boisen & Matthew C. Murray (eds.), Distributive Justice Debates in Political and Social Thought. Abingdon, UK: pp. 26-38.
    Luck egalitarianism is a family of egalitarian theories of distributive justice that give a special place to luck, choice, and responsibility. These theories can be understood as responding to perceived weaknesses in influential earlier theories of both the left – in particular Rawls’ liberal egalitarianism (1971) – and the right – Nozick’s libertarianism (1974) stands out here. Rawls put great emphasis on the continuity of his theory with the great social contract theories of modern political thought, particularly emphasising its Kantian (...)
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  33. Hobbes e as paixões da revolta.Fran de Oliveira Alavina - 2021 - Cadernos Espinosanos 44:95-108.
    As a continuation of our studies regarding the use of rhetoric in the thought of Thomas Hobbes, the present study deals with the relation between eloquence, passions and rebellion in The Elements of Law, Natural and Politic. Thus, it is explained how the leaders of sedition and rebellion are necessarily, according to Hobbes, “eloquent men”. The aim is not only to separate the rhetorical tradition from the foundation of political sciences, but also to point out the supposed damages caused by (...)
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  34. A estrutura afetiva dos tipos de governo em Hobbes. I Pressupostos.Fernando Dias Andrade - 2021 - Cadernos Espinosanos 44:61-94.
    Os pressupostos da estrutura afetiva dos tipos de governo em Hobbes dizem respeito aos afetos fundamentais que determinam as ações humanas desde o estado de natureza, em especial o medo, o egoísmo e a glória. O medo, para Hobbes, talvez seja o afeto mais restritivo da liberdade natural no estado de natureza e, ao contrário, a principal condição para a obtenção da paz no estado civil, mas a esperança de glória é tão relevante quanto o medo para a transformação do (...)
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  35. Aspectos da ação voluntária em Hobbes.Celi Hirata - 2021 - Cadernos Espinosanos 44:39-59.
    Hobbes concede uma importância inédita à ação voluntária, na medida em que defende que a origem de toda obrigação é um ato voluntário daquele que se obriga, uma vez que todos são naturalmente livres e iguais e não há obrigações naturais. Por um lado, Hobbes desloca a discussão sobre a voluntariedade das ações e alarga a concepção do que pode ser considerado uma ação voluntária em relação à tradição que remonta a Aristóteles, sendo que, para ele, uma ação praticada por (...)
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  36. Thomas Hobbes and the Invented Tradition of Positivism: Reflections on Language, Power, and Essentialism.James Boyle - 1987 - University of Pennsylvania Law Review 135.
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  37. Response to Critics.Sandra Leonie Field - 2021 - European Hobbes Society Online Colloquium.
    The European Hobbes Society Online Colloquium featured my book, Potentia: Hobbes and Spinoza on Power and Popular Politics, with critical commentaries from Alissa MacMillan, Chris Holman, and Justin Steinberg. This is my response to their commentaries.
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  38. Précis of Potentia: Hobbes and Spinoza on Power and Popular Politics.Sandra Leonie Field - 2021 - European Hobbes Society Online Colloquium.
    The European Hobbes Society Online Colloquium featured my book, Potentia: Hobbes and Spinoza on Power and Popular Politics. This is a précis of the book.
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  39. Vernunft, Recht, Staat, Völkerrecht. Resultate des philosophischen Produktionsprozesses bei Hobbes, Kant, Hegel.Burkhard Tuschling - 2004 - In Udo Rameil (ed.), Metaphysik Und Kritik. Walter de Gruyter. pp. 299-332.
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  40. A Note From the Editor.Deborah Baumgold - 2021 - Hobbes Studies 34 (1):1.
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  41. Lechner, Silviya. Hobbesian Internationalism: Anarchy, Authority and the Fate of Political Philosophy.Theodore Christov - 2021 - Hobbes Studies 34 (1):113-118.
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  42. Stauffer, Devin. Hobbes’s Kingdom of Light: A Study of the Foundations of Modern Political Philosophy.Andrew Day - 2021 - Hobbes Studies 34 (1):108-112.
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  43. Fleming, Sean. Leviathan on a Leash: A Theory of State Responsibility.Robin Douglass - 2021 - Hobbes Studies 34 (1):103-107.
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  44. Progress Report on the Clarendon Edition of “De Corpore” and Related Manuscripts.Stephen Clucas & Timothy Raylor - 2021 - Hobbes Studies 34 (1):86-97.
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  45. Introduction to Research Symposium on Political Economy.Katherine M. Robiadek - 2021 - Hobbes Studies 34 (1):3-8.
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  46. Progress Report on Editing Hobbes’s Elements of Law for the Clarendon Series.Johann P. Sommerville - 2021 - Hobbes Studies 34 (1):81-85.
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  47. Progress Report on an English Translation of De Homine.Elaine Condouris Stroud - 2021 - Hobbes Studies 34 (1):98-102.
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  48. Hobbes on Property: Between Legal Certainty and Sovereign Discretion.Laurens van Apeldoorn - 2021 - Hobbes Studies 34 (1):58-79.
    Hobbes treats individual property as regulated by stable law, yet dependent on the arbitrary will of the sovereign. In this paper I catalogue the different definitions of property present in his main political and legal works – The Elements of Law, De Cive, Leviathan and A Dialogue between a philosopher and a student – with the aim of showing how he attempted to square those commitments. I record how the definitions of property affect his views about how sovereigns hold property, (...)
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  49. Hobbes on Wealth, Poverty, and Economic Inequality.David Lay Williams - 2021 - Hobbes Studies 34 (1):9-57.
    While Thomas Hobbes is not typically cited as a philosopher concerned with economic inequality, there is a great deal of evidence in his writings to suggest that he was aware of inequality and worried about its effects on the commonwealth. This essay first contextualizes Hobbes in the development of the 17th-century English political economy to understand the mercantilist milieu that might have shaped Hobbes’s thoughts. Second, it then explores Hobbes’s thoughts on wealth, poverty, and inequality, as outlined in his major (...)
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  50. Paul Sagar, The Opinion of Mankind: Sociability and the Theory of the State From Hobbes to Smith.Tim Stuart-Buttle - 2021 - Journal of Scottish Philosophy 19 (2):177-183.
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