About this topic
Summary This category addresses the philosophy of Thomas Hobbes (1588–1679). The most famous aspect of Hobbes's work is his political philosophy, which is explained in Leviathan and elsewhere. But Hobbes, like many philosophers of his day, also worked on a wide variety of other issues. Thus this section includes works that address Hobbes's views on many topics outside political philosophy, including mind, language, and religion.
Key works Hobbes's most famous book, Leviathan, is available in a variety of editions, including MacPherson's Penguin edition, Curley's Hackett edition, which includes translations of variants in the Latin edition, and a new edition of both the English and Latin texts, edited by Malcolm as part of the Clarendon Edition of the works of Hobbes. Other works include (in recent editions and translations) Hobbes 1994, Hobbes 1998, Hobbes 1994, Hobbes 1994, and Hobbes 1981
Introductions Lloyd & Sreedhar 2008 is an introduction to Hobbes's moral and political philosophy.  Duncan 2009 is an introduction to other aspects of Hobbes's philosophy.
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  1. On Equity and Inequity in Thomas Hobbes's Dialogue.Thomas A. Corbin - 2023 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 60 (4):518-539.
    The concept of equity is clearly important in Thomas Hobbes's philosophy. In his writings he repeatedly employs it in significant load bearing ways, particularly in the areas of civil law and governance. Equity is, however, not directly addressed in a sustained way in his core works and—perhaps even more frustratingly—it is often applied in ways which ask more questions about the concept than they answer. This presents an impediment to accurately understanding what equity really means to Hobbes. His late Dialogue (...)
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  2. Johnston, David, ed., Leviathan by Thomas Hobbes. Second Norton Critical Edition Johnston, David, ed., Leviathan by Thomas Hobbes. Introduction by Kinch Hoekstra and David Johnston. Norton Library edition. [REVIEW]Luc Foisneau - 2022 - Hobbes Studies 35 (2):201-205.
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  3. Arash Abizadeh, "Hobbes and the Two Faces of Ethics.".Mary Peterson - 2022 - Philosophy in Review 42 (4):1-3.
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  4. Liberating Ayatollahs and Tyrannical Priests: A Study of the Crisis of Power and Reason in Hobbes and Foucault.Mohammad Javad Alipour - 2022 - Dissertation, Boston College
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  5. La ética de la autoconservación y la teoría de los deberes políticos en el Leviatán de Hobbes.Francisco Cortéz Rodas - 2002 - Areté. Revista de Filosofía 14 (1):5-40.
    Para exponer el argumento político del Leviatán de Thomas Hobbes, se presenta una interpretación de su doctrina –desarrollada por Alfred Taylor, Howard Warrender y Michael Oakeshott. Según esta interpretación, la ética hobbesiana -desarrollada en la teoría de las leyes de naturaleza-, una vezseparada de su psicología egoísta, se manifiesta como una ética deontológica muy estricta, que se puede pensar muy cercana a la de Kant. En la segunda parte, se expone una interpretación de Hobbes con la que se busca señalar (...)
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  6. Myth and Rationality in Politics: Carl Schmitt, Thomas Hobbes, and Liberalism's Materialist Quandary.David Pan - 2018 - Telos: Critical Theory of the Contemporary 2018 (183):95-112.
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  7. Hobbes’ Philosophy of Education: Finding Model for Civic Education.Yong-Hwan Kim - 2019 - Modern Philosophy 14:27-58.
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  8. Human Rights and Rights of War – Hobbes’ De Cive and De Homine.Jun-ho Lee - 2018 - Modern Philosophy 12:5-33.
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  9. The problem of covenant in Hobbes’s theory of natural law.Sam-Sog Yun - 2017 - Journal of the Society of Philosophical Studies 56:99-137.
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  10. Hobbes on treason and fundamental law.Laurens van Apeldoorn - forthcoming - Intellectual History Review.
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  11. NEGRI, L., Persona e stato nel pensiero di Hobbes, Edizioni Universitarie Jaca, Milano, 1988.Javier Fernández Aguado - 1988 - Anuario Filosófico 21 (2):187-188.
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  12. SKINNER, Q., Hobbes and Republican Liberty. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2008, 270 pp. [REVIEW]Miguel Saralegui - 2008 - Anuario Filosófico 41 (3):712-716.
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  13. Hobbes and the Democratic Imaginary.Christopher Holman - 2022 - Albany: State University of New York Press.
    A critical interrogation of elements of Hobbes's political and natural philosophy and its capacity to enrich our understanding of the natural of democratic life.
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  14. Um Legado Político da Modernidade Científica: Do Animal Racional Aristotélico Ao Homem-Máquina Hobbesiano.Luiz Carlos Santos da Silva - 2021 - REVISTA APOENA - Periódico dos Discentes de Filosofia da UFPA 2 (4):98.
    O presente artigo tem por finalidade apresentar como a filosofia natural e política de Thomas Hobbes entende o homem e o cidadão no registro do mecanicismo moderno. Partindo de considerações gerais sobre o pensamento científico na modernidade, o trabalho busca mostrar também como Hobbes criticou a tradição aristotélica da filosofia medieval defendendo um caráter convencional das ciências e da política. No registro de uma modernidade heliocêntrica que racionaliza os mitos e as fábulas da antiguidade clássica para fundamentar o pensamento científico (...)
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  15. Leviatán: Derecho, identidad y "no-reconocimiento". Hobbes entre Schmitt y Taubes.Elettra Stimilli - 2020 - Anales de la Cátedra Francisco Suárez 54.
    El artículo desentraña la relación entre Carl Schmitt y Jacob Taubes en sus interpretaciones sobre el Leviathan de Thomas Hobbes y la teología política. El jurista del nazismo y el rabino mantienen posiciones opuestas sobre el filósofo inglés hasta el punto de encontrar Taubes en Spinoza una alternativa aún por desarrollar. Frente a la interpretación de Schmitt que situaba a Spinoza como origen de la enfermedad que condujo a la muerte del Leviatán, Taubes lo sitúa en Pablo de Tarso y (...)
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  16. Democracia versus absolutismo. Contraste teológico-político entre Baruch de Spinoza y Thomas Hobbes.Pedro Cerezo Galán - 2018 - Anales de la Cátedra Francisco Suárez 53.
    Entre las teorías de Thomas Hobbes y Baruch de Spinoza hay destacadas coincidencias y también importantes diferencias. Inician y revelan cambios en la teoría y la práctica políticas que ocurren en corto espacio de tiempo pero que son decisivos. Antecesores del positivismo, ambos compartieron bases ontológicas y metodológicas, lo que suele interpretarse, por razones cronológicas, como una influencia de Hobbes en Spinoza. Las diferencias entre ambos versan sobre el sentido de la religión en relación con su papel en la política; (...)
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  17. Soberanía y obediencia, o sobre el ejercicio de la violencia en Hobbes y Harrington.Cintia Caram & Dolores Marcos - 2022 - Tópicos 43:152-170.
    Soberanía y obediencia fueron dos nociones clave en las discusiones que se dieron en los albores de la modernidad. Parte de los debates se centró en la cuestión de la legitimidad del poder político y, en consecuencia, en por qué debemos obedecer, qué beneficios trae la obediencia y cuáles son sus límites. En todos estos casos, la noción de violencia aparece con diferentes rostros, y principalmente con la fisonomía de la guerra —punto de máxima expresión de la violencia explícita—, problema (...)
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  18. Shakespeare y Hobbes.Margarita Costa - 2001 - Tópicos 8:163-173.
    El objetivo de este artículo es sacar a luz las semejanzas entre un dramaturgo y un filósofo político, respecto de su uso del lenguaje y del fundamento antropológico de sus ideas políticas. Las metáforas se consideran inevitables en un poeta como Shakespeare, pero ellas son condenadas por Hobbes como un abuso retórico que el discurso político debe evitar. Se comparan sus enfoques pesimistas de la naturaleza humana y finalmente se pone acento en el contexto histórico, que marca el comienzo de (...)
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  19. Teoría y poiesis en Tomas Hobbes.Diana María López - 1993 - Tópicos 1:72-89.
    El espíritu científico del siglo XVII, inclinado a demostrar la verdadmore geométrico y a sostener el ideal de un conocimiento seguro que dé cuenta de la totalidad de lo real partiendo de principios evidentes, influye de manera deteminante sobre la justificación racional de las condiciones más adecuadas para la ordenación de la vida en sociedad. En esta línea se inscribe el ambicioso proyecto de Tomas Hobbes, al postular una filosofía práctica demostrativa capaz de articular definitivamente la naturaleza humana el "estado (...)
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  20. Le machiavélisme de Hobbes.Josep Olesti Vila - 2011 - Archiv für Rechts- und Sozialphilosophie 97 (4):441-465.
    This article argues that Hobbes can be considered Machiavellian, although not in the usual meaning of the term (a meaning to which Machiavelli himself did not adhere), that is the reduction of politics to the recourse to force and deceit. Hobbes’ Machiavellism is not to be found only where it would be expected (political realism, the need to use force and trickery) but also where it is not usually sought: in recognizing that the sovereign has to take his people into (...)
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  21. Die Totalität des Staates bei Hobbes (Abdruck aus: ARSP 31 (1937), S. 176–193).Helmut Schelsky - 2007 - Archiv für Rechts- und Sozialphilosophie 93 (3):303-320.
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  22. Ockham, Hobbes und die Geburt der säkularen Normativität.Felix Ekardt & Cornelia Richter - 2006 - Archiv für Rechts- und Sozialphilosophie 92 (4):552-567.
    This article examines the rise of modern secular, individualistic and rational legal thought from a historical point of view. It will be argued that the well known assumption needs to be critized, that the philosophical background of this development can only be traced back to Hobbes, Locke and Kant. Instead, the two authors of this article will point out that it was rather Ockham who first mentioned notions of modern liberal democracy in his philosophical opus. Furthermore, it will be shown (...)
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  23. Das Recht eines jeden auf alles.Moritz Heepe - 2006 - Archiv für Rechts- und Sozialphilosophie 92 (4):534-551.
    This study investigates Hobbe’s theory of natural rights. Hobbes conceived a natural right of every man to every thing that is necessary for his survival. This prima facie curious theory was consecutively attacked with conceptually illuminating arguments from the two main representatives of the next generation of natural lawyers, Pufendorf and Cumberland. Their objections and possible defences of Hobbe’s theory are reconstructed. Especially Pufendorf’s arguments help to understand Hobbe’s position in ascribing him a special concept of rights, namely non-obligatory rights. (...)
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  24. The Name ‘Leviathan’ – or the Shadow that Fell on a Work.Lothar R. Waas - 2022 - Archiv für Rechts- und Sozialphilosophie 108 (2):191-208.
    Is the reference to the Book of Job sufficient to explain why Hobbes gave the name ‘Leviathan’ to the state he advocated? Had he not been aware of how maligned this name had been for centuries: that it not only referred to a monster, but soon became synonymous with the devil himself? - The “long shadow” that, according to Carl Schmitt, the name ‘Leviathan’ alone had cast on Hobbes’s work from the very beginning was first cleared somewhat in 2007 by (...)
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  25. On a Hobbesian Defense of the Minimal State.Joachim Wündisch - 2021 - Archiv für Rechts- und Sozialphilosophie 107 (1):128-144.
    Michael Levin challenges the methodological soundness of Robert Nozick’s argument for the minimal state, but supports his final result: The exclusive aims of the state must be the “protection against force, theft, fraud, [and the] enforcement of contracts”. To replace Nozick’s, Levin builds a Hobbesian defense of the minimal state. He claims that the hypothetical rational choice of the less extensive bargain by the individuals in the state of nature morally justifies a minimal, but no other state. I analyze and (...)
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  26. Hobbes y la tolerancia religiosa: una lectura de Leviatán desde el concepto de “religión”.Álvaro A. Pezoa Gutiérrez - 2021 - Tópicos: Revista de Filosofía 61:39-67.
    This article analyzes the possibility of finding an approach favorable to religious tolerance in Thomas Hobbes’s Leviathan. With this aim, I will first establish a contrast between two interpretative groups that have guided the discussion on the subject, focusing mainly on Leviathan. On the one side, there are more “traditional” commentators of Hobbes’s works, to whom the idea of religious tolerance in Hobbes’s texts makes little or no sense; on the other hand, there are academics who defend a “revisionist” reading, (...)
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  27. Definiciones, significado y verdad: aporías de la teoría lingüística de Hobbes.Mauro Javier Saiz - 2019 - Tópicos: Revista de Filosofía 57:255-285.
    This essay aims to recover the conflictive nodes in T. Hobbes’ theory regarding language, science and truth. Revisiting the diverse and contradictory readings that have arisen around these areas of his work we intend to point out the tensions inherent to Hobbes’ scientific project. No definitive answer is given to close the discussion; instead we aim to offer hints to identify the author’s positions that are hard to reconcile. Thus we intend to contribute to a deeper understanding of the multiple (...)
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  28. Masculine Power? A Gendered Look at the Frontispiece of Hobbes's Leviathan.Joanne Boucher - 2021 - Hypatia 36 (4):636-656.
    The frontispiece of Hobbes's Leviathan is justly renowned as a powerful visual advertisement for his political philosophy. Consequently, its rich imagery has been the subject of extensive scholarly commentary. Surprisingly, then, its gendered dimensions have received relatively limited attention. This essay explores this neglected facet of the frontispiece. I argue that the image initially appears to present a hypermasculine sovereign. However, upon closer inspection, and considered alongside Hobbes's economic theory, it yields to a reading of the sovereign as an ambiguously (...)
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  29. Hobbes Meets the Modern Business Corporation.Rutger Claassen - 2021 - Polity 1 (53):101-131.
    Political theory today has expanded its scope to debate business corporations, conceiving of them as political actors, not (just) private actors in the market place. This article shows the continuing relevance of Thomas Hobbes’s work for this debate. Hobbes is commonly treated as a defender of the so-called concession theory, which traces the legitimacy of corporations to their being chartered by sovereign state authorities for public purposes. This theory is widely judged to be anachronistic for contemporary business corporations, because these (...)
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  30. The Opinion of Mankind: Sociability and the Theory of the State from Hobbes to Smith. [REVIEW]Karl W. Schweizer - 2022 - The European Legacy 27 (7-8):862-864.
    An impressive scholarly achievement, The Opinion of Mankind aims to highlight the depth and originality of David Hume and Adam Smith as political theorists by demonstrating how their respective wri...
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  31. Bramhall Versus Hobbes: The Rhetoric of Religion vs. the Rhetoric of Philosophy.Shai Fogel - 2022 - Argumentation 36 (4):481-491.
    The paper uses the controversy about liberty between the philosopher Thomas Hobbes and Archbishop John Bramhall to illustrate the conflict between the rhetoric of philosophy and the rhetoric of religion. The first part of the paper introduces initial definitions of these two types of rhetoric. The following three parts deal with three distinct parts of the controversy, as Hobbes and Bramhall define them: to the reader, arguments from scripture, and arguments from reason. The fact that Hobbes and Bramhall themselves divide (...)
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  32. Thomas Hobbes and the Natural Law by Kody Cooper.Geoffrey M. Vaughan - 2019 - Review of Metaphysics 72 (3):592-593.
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  33. Fernando Vallespín, Política y verdad en el Leviatán de Thomas Hobbes, Madrid: Tecnos, 2021.Camilo Soto Suárez - 2022 - Anales Del Seminario de Historia de la Filosofía 39 (3):763-764.
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  34. A letter on the principles of justness and decency: containing a defence of the treatise De cive of the learned Mr. Hobbes.Lambert van Velthuysen - 2013 - Boston: Brill.
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  35. Integration of Theism into Hobbes’s State of Nature.Asif Mahtab Utsha - forthcoming - Philosophy and Progress:77-118.
    Political philosophers often draw their conclusions on how political systems ought to be by first investigating human nature and then proposing recommendations extrapolating from those investigations. They attempt to do this by creating a hypothetical ‘state of nature’ where human beings would be unaffected by social, political, and cultural paradigms and can act freely in pursuit of their instincts, thereby revealing their true nature. English philosopher Thomas Hobbes followed this method of investigation and found that human beings are naturally violent, (...)
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  36. Indocili soggetti: la politica teologica di Thomas Hobbes.Mauro Farnesi Camellone - 2013 - Macerata: Quodlibet.
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  37. Kolloquium II : ästhetische Freiheit / Leitung, Andrew Norris. Ästhetische Freiheit / Andrew Norris. Zur ästhetischen Erkenntnis der Freiheit : Kant und Hegel / Andrea Kern. Hegel, Diderot, Hobbes : Überschneidungen zwischen Ästhetik, Politik, und Ökonomie / Dieter Thomä. Aktive Passivität : über die ästhetische Variante der Freiheit. [REVIEW]Martin Seel - 2013 - In Gunnar Hindrichs Axel Honneth (ed.), Freiheit: Stuttgarter Hegel-Kongress 2011. Vittorio Klostermann.
  38. Etica della lettura e scrittura filosofica in Thomas Hobbes.Raffaella Santi - 2013 - [Padova]: CEDAM.
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  39. A “Galilean Philosopher”? Thomas Hobbes between Aristotelianism and Galilean Science.Gregorio Baldin - 2022 - Philosophies 7 (5):116.
    The conventional portrait of Thomas Hobbes that emerged in twentieth century histories of philosophy is that of the quintessential mechanical philosopher, who openly broke with philosophical tradition (together with René Descartes). Hobbes’s scholars depicted a more correct and detailed panorama, by analyzing Hobbes’s debt towards Aristotelian and Renaissance traditions, as well as the problematic nature of the epistemological status that Hobbes attributes to natural philosophy. However, Hobbes’s connection to modern Galilean science remains problematic. How and in what way did Hobbes (...)
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  40. Il desiderio del Leviatano: immaginazione e potere in Thomas Hobbes.Giovanni Fiaschi - 2014 - Soveria Mannelli: Rubbettino.
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  41. Images of anarchy: the rhetoric and science in Hobbes's state of nature.Ioannis D. Evrigenis - 2014 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
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  42. Thomas Hobbes.John M. Meyer - 2014 - In Peter F. Cannavò & Joseph H. Lane (eds.), Engaging nature: environmentalism and the political theory canon. The MIT Press.
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  43. Hobbes.Benoît Spinosa - 2014 - Paris: Les Belles Lettres.
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  44. Hobbes on legal authority and political obligation.Luciano Venezia - 2015 - New York, NY: Palgrave-Macmillan.
    Introduction -- Coercion, rational self-interest, and obligation -- The authority of law -- Political obligation -- Contractarianism -- The Hobbesian analysis of contracts under coercion : a critique -- Final remarks.
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  45. Thomas Hobbes et l'idée de puissance.Aouichaoui Mohamed Karray - 2015 - Paris: L'Harmattan.
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  46. From the natural man to the political machine: sovereignty and power in the works of Thomas Hobbes.Gabriela Ratulea - 2015 - New York: Peter Lang.
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  47. Thomas Hobbes.Otfried Höffe - 2015 - Albany: SUNY/State University of New York Press.
  48. Hobbes and the science of metaphor.Victoria Kahn - 2015 - In Kyriakos N. Dēmētriou & Antis Loizides (eds.), Scientific statesmanship, governance and the history of political philosophy. Routledge.
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  49. Political order of the multitude: Hobbes, Spinoza and the Arab Spring.Pawel Marczewski - 2014 - In Nicole Falkenhayner (ed.), Rethinking Order: Idioms of Stability and de-Stabilization. Cambridge University Press.
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  50. Hobbes on Public Ministers.Jonah Miller - 2022 - Hobbes Studies 35 (2):135-154.
    Until recently, scholars paid relatively little attention to chapter 23 of Leviathan, in which Hobbes discussed “the public ministers of sovereign power.” In the past few years, however, political theorists have used chapter 23 extensively in discussions of Hobbes’ concept of the state. But what was the significance of the chapter in its own time? This article suggests it served two purposes. First, it allowed Hobbes to bolster and elaborate arguments made elsewhere in Leviathan. Second, it responded to 1640s debates (...)
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