Results for 'Fred Shaffer'

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  1.  25
    A healthy heart is not a metronome: an integrative review of the heart's anatomy and heart rate variability.Fred Shaffer, Rollin McCraty & Christopher L. Zerr - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  2. Unification and the Myth of Purely Reductive Understanding.Michael J. Shaffer - 2020 - Organon F: Medzinárodný Časopis Pre Analytickú Filozofiu 27:142-168.
    In this paper significant challenges are raised with respect to the view that explanation essentially involves unification. These objections are raised specifically with respect to the well-known versions of unificationism developed and defended by Michael Friedman and Philip Kitcher. The objections involve the explanatory regress argument and the concepts of reduction and scientific understanding. Essentially, the contention made here is that these versions of unificationism wrongly assume that reduction secures understanding.
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  3.  21
    Equitable treatment for HIV/AIDS clinical trial participants: a focus group study of patients, clinician researchers, and administrators in western Kenya.D. N. Shaffer - 2006 - Journal of Medical Ethics 32 (1):55-60.
    Objectives: To describe the concerns and priorities of key stakeholders in a developing country regarding ethical obligations held by researchers and perceptions of equity or “what is fair” for study participants in an HIV/AIDS clinical drug trial. Design: Qualitative study with focus groups. Setting: Teaching and referral hospital and rural health centre in western Kenya. Participants: Potential HIV/AIDS clinical trial participants, clinician researchers, and administrators. Results: Eighty nine individuals participated in a total of 11 focus groups over a four month (...)
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  4. Max Plank’s Philosophy and Physics: An Introduction to The Philosophy of Physics.Michael J. Shaffer - 2019 - In Michael Shaffer (ed.), The Philosophy of Physics. Minkowski Press. pp. 1-5.
  5. Return to Twin Peaks: On the Intrinsic Moral Significance of Equality.Fred Feldman - 2003 - In Serena Olsaretti (ed.), Desert and justice. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 145--68.
     
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  6. Conceptual foundations of early Critical Theory.Fred Rush - 2004 - In The Cambridge companion to critical theory. New York: Cambridge University Press. pp. 6--39.
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  7. Aristotle and the Origins of Natural Rights.Jr: Fred D. Miller - 1996 - Review of Metaphysics 49 (4):873-908.
    The disagreement over whether Aristotle recognized rights in some form unavoidably involves disagreement over what rights are, and the theory of rights itself is still highly contested. There is no consensus concerning how " right'? is to be defined, how rights are to be theoretically grounded, or how rights theory is to be applied in particular circumstances. This is not, however, a good reason to dismiss the issue of whether there are rights in Aristotle: for Aristotle, like modern rights theorists, (...)
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  8.  5
    Lévinas, chemin ou obstacle pour la théologie chrétienne: L'hospitalité des intelligences.Fred Poché - 2005 - Paris: Cerf.
    L'auteur décrit l'ambivalence du rapport qu'entretient E. Levinas avec la théologie, montre que la pensée de ce philosophe ne se réduit pas à une philosophie de l'autre, de l'extériorité mais qu'elle se pose comme une véritable défense de la subjectivité, et s'interroge sur l'utilisation de cette pensée dans le cadre d'une théologie chrétienne.
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  9.  15
    Leibniz's program for the development of logic.Fred Sommers - 1976 - In R. S. Cohen, P. K. Feyerabend & M. Wartofsky (eds.), Essays in Memory of Imre Lakatos. Reidel. pp. 589--615.
  10.  16
    Was Frege a Realist? And, if so, in What Sense?Fred Wilson - 2014 - In Guido Bonino, Greg Jesson & Javier Cumpa (eds.), Defending Realism: Ontological and Epistemological Investigations. Boston: De Gruyter. pp. 141-196.
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  11. Integrating Abduction and Inference to the Best Explanation.Michael J. Shaffer - 2022 - European Journal of Pragmatism and American Philosophy 14 (2):1-18.
    Tomis Kapitan’s work on Peirce’s conception of abduction was instrumental for our coming to see how Peircean abduction both relates to and is importantly different from inference to the best explanation (IBE). However, he ultimately concluded that Peirce’s conception of abduction was a muddle. Despite the deeply problematic nature of Peirce’s theory of abduction in these respects, Kapitan’s work on Peircean abduction offers insight into the nature of abductive inquiry that is importantly relevant to the task of making sense of (...)
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  12.  31
    The Cambridge companion to critical theory.Fred Rush (ed.) - 2004 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    Critical Theory constitutes one of the major intellectual traditions of the twentieth century, and is centrally important for philosophy, political theory, aesthetics and theory of art, the study of modern European literatures and music, the history of ideas, sociology, psychology, and cultural studies. In this volume an international team of distinguished contributors examines the major figures in Critical Theory, including Horkheimer, Adorno, Marcuse, Benjamin, and Habermas, as well as lesser known but important thinkers such as Pollock and Neumann. The volume (...)
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  13. Grounding Reichenbach’s Pragmatic Vindication of Induction.Michael J. Shaffer - 2017 - Polish Journal of Philosophy 11 (1):43-55.
    This paper has three interdependent aims. The first is to make Reichenbach’s views on induction and probabilities clearer, especially as they pertain to his pragmatic justification of induction. The second aim is to show how his view of pragmatic justification arises out of his commitment to extensional empiricism and moots the possibility of a non-pragmatic justification of induction. Finally, and most importantly, a formal decision-theoretic account of Reichenbach’s pragmatic justification is offered in terms both of the minimax principle and the (...)
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  14.  8
    I Am Because We Are: Readings in Black Philosophy.Fred L. Hord & Jonathan Scott Lee (eds.) - 1995 - University of Massachusetts Press.
    "This anthology of writings by prominent black thinkers from antiquity to the present makes the case for a central tradition of black philosophy, rooted in Africa and distinct from the intellectual heritage of the West."--From publisher description.
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  15. Necessary and Sufficient Conditions.Michael Shaffer - 2020 - In Introduction to Logic. Rebus.
  16. Rescuing the Assertability of Measurement Reports.Michael J. Shaffer - 2019 - Acta Analytica 34 (1):39-51.
    It is wholly uncontroversial that measurements-or, more properly, propositions that are measurement reports-are often paradigmatically good cases of propositions that serve the function of evidence. In normal cases it is also obvious that stating such a report is an utterly pedestrian case of successful assertion. So, for example, there is nothing controversial about the following claims: (1) that a proposition to the effect that a particular thermometer reads 104C when properly used to determine the temperature of a particular patient is (...)
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  17. Deontic Logic, Weakening and Decisions Concerning Disjunctive Obligations.Michael J. Shaffer - 2022 - Logos and Episteme 13 (1):93-102.
    This paper introduces two new paradoxes for standard deontic logic (SDL). They are importantly related to, but distinct from Ross' paradox. These two new paradoxes for SDL are the simple weakening paradox and the complex weakening paradox. Both of these paradoxes arise in virtue of the underlaying logic of SDL and are consequences of the fact that SDL incorporates the principle known as weakening. These two paradoxes then show that SDL has counter-intuitive implications related to disjunctive obligations that arise in (...)
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  18. Introduction to Logic.Michael Shaffer (ed.) - 2020 - Rebus.
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  19. The Philosophy of Physics.Michael Shaffer (ed.) - forthcoming - Minkowski Press.
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  20. Internalism, Evidentialism and Appeals to Expert Knowledge.Michael J. Shaffer - 2017 - Logos and Episteme 8 (3):291-305.
    Given the sheer vastness of the totality of contemporary human knowledge and our individual epistemic finitude it is commonplace for those of us who lack knowledge with respect to some proposition(s) to appeal to experts (those who do have knowledge with respect to that proposition(s)) as an epistemic resource. Of course, much ink has been spilled on this issue and so concern here will be very narrowly focused on testimony in the context of epistemological views that incorporate evidentialism and internalism, (...)
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  21.  97
    Leibniz and "Leibniz' law".Fred Feldman - 1970 - Philosophical Review 79 (4):510-522.
    Passages in Leibniz which have been understood to contain his statement of Leibniz law do not in fact contain any statement of that principle. Some of these passages contain a statement of the principle of the identity of indiscernibles, While others contain a statement of a principle about concept identity. The latter principle states that a concept, A, Is identical with a concept, B, If and only if a can be substituted for b in any proposition without change of truth (...)
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  22.  10
    The Multivoiced Body: Society and Communication in the Age of Diversity.Fred Evans - 2009 - Columbia University Press.
    Ethnic cleansing and other methods of political and social exclusion continue to thrive in our globalized world, complicating the idea that unity and diversity can exist in the same society. When we emphasize unity, we sacrifice heterogeneity, yet when we stress diversity, we create a plurality of individuals connected only by tenuous circumstance. As long as we remain tethered to these binaries, as long as we are unable to imagine the sort of society we want in an age of diversity, (...)
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  23.  5
    Of men and galaxies.Fred Hoyle - 2005 - Amherst, N.Y.: Prometheus Books.
    In this compilation of popular lectures delivered in 1964, Hoyle comments on the nature of the scientific enterprise, gives his view of life on Earth from the perspective of astronomy, and speculates about the future.
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  24.  6
    Aristotle on Freedom, Nature, and Law.Fred D. Miller & David Keyt - 2021 - In Peter Adamson & Christof Rapp (eds.), State and Nature: Studies in Ancient and Medieval Philosophy. Boston: De Gruyter. pp. 119-134.
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  25. Literature and Politics.Fred Rush - 2009 - In Richard Eldridge (ed.), The Oxford handbook of philosophy and literature. Oxford University Press USA.
     
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  26. On the quantum mechanics of dreams and the emergence of self-awareness.Fred Alan Wolf - 1996 - In Stuart R. Hameroff, Alfred W. Kaszniak & Alwyn Scott (eds.), Toward a Science of Consciousness: The First Tucson Discussions and Debates. MIT Press.
  27. Matching Popperian theory to practice.Fred Eidlin - 1999 - In Ian Charles Jarvie & Sandra Pralong (eds.), Popper's Open society after fifty years: the continuing relevance of Karl Popper. New York: Routledge.
  28.  6
    The Multivoiced Body: Society and Communication in the Age of Diversity.Fred Evans - 2009 - Cambridge University Press.
    Ethnic cleansing and other methods of political and social exclusion continue to thrive in our globalized world, complicating the idea that unity and diversity can exist in the same society. When we emphasize unity, we sacrifice heterogeneity, yet when we stress diversity, we create a plurality of individuals connected only by tenuous circumstance. As long as we remain tethered to these binaries, as long as we are unable to imagine the sort of society we want in an age of diversity, (...)
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  29.  30
    Mind and brain an examination ofa materialist theory of the mind∗.Jerome A. Shaffer - 1971 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 14 (1-4):164-174.
  30. Human Dignity and Excellence in Education Guidelines for Curriculum Policy.Fred M. Newmann & Thomas E. Kelly - 1983 - Wisconsin Center for Education Research.
     
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  31.  59
    Quantum enigma: physics encounters consciousness.Bruce Rosenblum & Fred Kuttner - 2008 - New York: Oxford University Press. Edited by Fred Kuttner.
    The most successful theory in all of science--and the basis of one third of our economy--says the strangest things about the world and about us. Can you believe that physical reality is created by our observation of it? Physicists were forced to this conclusion, the quantum enigma, by what they observed in their laboratories. Trying to understand the atom, physicists built quantum mechanics and found, to their embarrassment, that their theory intimately connects consciousness with the physical world. Quantum Enigma explores (...)
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  32. To practice.Fred Eidlin - 1999 - In Ian Charles Jarvie & Sandra Pralong (eds.), Popper's Open society after fifty years: the continuing relevance of Karl Popper. New York: Routledge. pp. 203.
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  33.  12
    The logical and the extra-logical.Fred Sommers - 1974 - In R. S. Cohen & Marx W. Wartofsky (eds.), Methodological and historical essays in the natural and social sciences. Boston,: Reidel. pp. 235--252.
  34. A Generative Theory of Tonal Music.Fred Lerdahl & Ray Jackendoff - 1987 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 46 (1):94-98.
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  35.  6
    Yleinen kielitiede Suomessa kautta aikojen.Fred Karlsson - 1997 - [Helsinki]: Yleisen kielitieteen laitos, Helsingin yliopisto.
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  36. The social responsibility of corporations.Fred D. Miller, Jr & John Ahrens - 1988 - In Tibor R. Machan (ed.), Commerce and morality. Totowa, N.J.: Rowman & Littlefield.
     
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  37.  13
    Unscientific psychology: a cultural-performatory approach to understanding human life.Fred Newman - 1996 - Westport, Conn.: Praeger. Edited by Lois Holzman.
    They tell the story of how these myths were constructed out of age-old philosophical abstractions to create a world and a discourse of psychological objects.
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  38.  11
    Modern medicine and Jewish ethics.Fred Rosner - 1986 - New York: Yeshiva University Press.
  39. David Hume, Treatise of human nature (1740): A genial skepticism, an ethical naturalism.Fred Wilson - 2003 - In Jorge J. E. Gracia, Gregory M. Reichberg & Bernard N. Schumacher (eds.), The Classics of Western Philosophy: A Reader's Guide. Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 291--308.
  40. Idealism and naturalism : a really old story re-told with variations.Fred Wilson - 2019 - In Philip MacEwen (ed.), Idealist Alternatives to Materialist Philosophies of Science. Leiden: BRILL.
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  41.  13
    Remembering: A Philosophical Problem. [REVIEW]Jerome Shaffer - 1963 - Journal of Philosophy 60 (16):478-480.
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  42. Focused attention, open monitoring and automatic self-transcending: Categories to organize meditations from Vedic, Buddhist and Chinese traditions.Fred Travis & Jonathan Shear - 2010 - Consciousness and Cognition 19 (4):1110--1118.
    This paper proposes a third meditation-category—automatic self-transcending— to extend the dichotomy of focused attention and open monitoring proposed by Lutz. Automaticself-transcending includes techniques designed to transcend their own activity. This contrasts with focused attention, which keeps attention focused on an object; and open monitoring, which keeps attention involved in the monitoring process. Each category was assigned EEG bands, based on reported brain patterns during mental tasks, and meditations were categorized based on their reported EEG. Focused attention, characterized by beta/gamma activity, (...)
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  43. Dialectic, Objectivity, and the Unity of Reason.Fred Rush - 2007 - In Brian Leiter & Michael Rosen (eds.), The Oxford handbook of continental philosophy. New York: Oxford University Press.
  44. Beyond Morality: No Dogs or Philosophers Allowed.Ken Knisely, Russ Shaffer-Landau, Bryan Van Norden & Richard Garner - forthcoming - DVD.
    Are moral systems actually impediments to leading a truly good human life? What is good and what is not good? Do we need anyone to tell us these things? With Russ Shaffer-Landau, Bryan Van Norden, and Richard Garner.
     
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  45.  6
    Resolving Moral Dilemmas in Business: A Multicountry Study.Richard L. Priem & Margaret Shaffer - 2001 - Business and Society 40 (2):197-219.
    This comparative field study evaluated the choices made by U.S., Portuguese, and Hong Kong Chinese evening MBA and graduating university business students when resolving business-related moral dilemmas. The authors developed hypotheses at the country level based on Hofstede’s ratings of each country’s national culture dimensions of power distance, uncertainty avoidance, individualism, and masculinity. The more individualistic U.S. respondents resolved the dilemmas with choices indicating less self-interest and more concern for unidentified others than did their Portuguese and Hong Kong Chinese counterparts, (...)
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  46. Conclusive reasons.Fred I. Dretske - 1971 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 49 (1):1-22.
  47.  14
    Comparative Criticism: A Yearbook, Volume 4.Charles Sanders & E. S. Shaffer - 1983 - Journal of Aesthetic Education 17 (3):117.
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  48.  42
    The defense motivation system: A theory of avoidance behavior.Fred A. Masterson & Mary Crawford - 1982 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 5 (4):661-675.
    A motivational system approach to avoidance behavior is presented. According to this approach, a motivational state increases the probability of relevant response patterns and establishes the appropriate or “ideal” consummatory stimuli as positive reinforcers. In the case of feeding motivation, for example, hungry rats are likely to explore and gnaw, and to learn to persist in activities correlated with the reception of consummatory stimuli produced by ingestion of palatable substances. In the case of defense motivation, fearful rats are likely to (...)
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  49.  67
    Reconstructing the Past: Parsimony, Evolution, and Inference. [REVIEW]James R. Griesemer & H. Bradley Shaffer - 1992 - Philosophical Review 101 (3):725-729.
  50.  21
    Nature, Justice, and Rights in Aristotle's Politics.Fred Dycus Miller - 1995 - Oxford, GB: Oxford University Press UK.
    Fred Miller offers a controversial reappraisal of the Politics, suggesting that nature, justice, and rights are central to Aristotle's political thought. He sheds new light on Aristotle's relation to modern natural rights theorists, and to the current liberalism-communitarianism debate.
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