Results for 'Varela Francisco'

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  1. Peer commentary and responses 307.Francisco Varela & Jonathan Shear - 1999 - In Jonathan Shear & Francisco J. Varela (eds.), The view from within: first-person approaches to the study of consciousness. Bowling Green, OH: Imprint Academic. pp. 6--2.
     
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  2. The Embodied Mind: Cognitive Science and Human Experience.Francisco J. Varela, Evan Thompson & Eleanor Rosch - 1991 - MIT Press.
    The Embodied Mind provides a unique, sophisticated treatment of the spontaneous and reflective dimension of human experience.
  3.  35
    The view from within: first-person approaches to the study of consciousness.Jonathan Shear & Francisco J. Varela (eds.) - 1999 - Bowling Green, OH: Imprint Academic.
    The study of conscious experience per se has not kept pace with the dramatic advances in PET, fMRI and other brain-scanning technologies. If anything, the standard approaches to examining the 'view from within' involve little more than cataloguing its readily accessible components. Thus the study of lived subjective experience is still at the level of Aristotelian science, leading to a widespread scepticism over the possibility of a truly scientific study of conscious experience. Drawing on a wide range of approaches -- (...)
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  4. Is There an Unconscious in Buddhist Teaching? A Conversation between Joyce McDougall and His Holiness the Dalai Lama.Francisco Varela - 1998 - In Anthony Molino (ed.), The couch and the tree: dialogues in psychoanalysis and Buddhism. New York: North Point Press.
     
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  5.  89
    Principles of Biological Autonomy.Francisco J. Varela - 1979 - North-Holland.
  6.  45
    Ethical know-how: action, wisdom, and cognition.Francisco J. Varela - 1999 - Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press.
    How can science be brought to connect with experience? This book addresses two of the most challenging problems facing contemporary neurobiology and cognitive science. Firstly, understanding how we unconsciously execute habitual actions as a result of neurological and cognitive processes that are not formal actions of conscious judgment but part of a habitual nexus of systematic self-organization. Secondly, attempting to create an ethics adequate to our present awareness that there is no such thing as a transcendental self, a stable subject (...)
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  7. The specious present: A neurophenomenology of time consciousness.Francisco Varela - 1999 - In Jean Petitot, Francisco J. Varela, Bernard Pachoud & Jean-Michel Roy (eds.), Naturalizing Phenomenology: Issues in Contemporary Phenomenology and Cognitive Science. Stanford University Press. pp. 266--314.
  8. Radical embodiment: Neural dynamics and consciousness.Evan Thompson & Francisco J. Varela - 2001 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 5 (10):418-425.
  9. The tree of knowledge:The biological roots of human understanding.Humberto R. Maturana & Francisco J. Varela - 1992 - Cognition.
    "Knowing how we know" is the subject of this book. Its authors present a new view of cognition that has important social and ethical implications, for, they assert, the only world we humans can have is the one we create together through the actions of our coexistence. Written for a general audience as well as for students, scholars, and scientists and abundantly illustrated with examples from biology, linguistics, and new social and cultural phenomena, this revised edition includes a new afterword (...)
     
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  10. First-person methodologies: What, why, how?Francisco Varela & Jonathan Shear - 1999 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 6 (2-3):1-14.
  11. The naturalization of phenomenology as the transcendence of nature: Searching for generative mutual constraints.Francisco J. Varela - 1997 - Alter: revue de phénoménologie 5:355-385.
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  12. Naturalizing Phenomenology: Issues in Contemporary Phenomenology and Cognitive Science.Jean Petitot, Francisco J. Varela, Bernard Pachoud & Jean-Michel Roy (eds.) - 1999 - Stanford University Press.
    This ambitious work aims to shed new light on the relations between Husserlian phenomenology and the present-day efforts toward a scientific theory of cognition—with its complex structure of disciplines, levels of explanation, and ...
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  13. Phenomenology In Consciousness Research.Francisco Varela - 1996 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 3 (4):330-349.
  14. Present-time consciousness.Francisco J. Varela - 1999 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 6 (2-3):111-140.
    My purpose in this article is to propose an explicitly naturalized account of the experience of present nowness on the basis of two complementary sources: phenomenological analysis and cognitive neuroscience. What I mean by naturalization, and the role cognitive neuroscience plays will become clear as the paper unfolds, but the main intention is to use the consciousness of present time as a study case for the phenomenological framework presented by Depraz in this Special Issue.
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  15.  50
    Ways of coloring: Comparative color vision as a case study for cognitive science.Evan Thompson, Adrian Palacios & Francisco J. Varela - 1992 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 15 (1):1-26.
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  16. Mechanism and biological explanation.Francisco Varela & Humberto Maturana - 1972 - Philosophy of Science 39 (3):378-382.
    Machines and Biology have been, since antiquity, closely related. From the zoological figures present in astronomical simulacra, through renaissance mechanical imitations of animals, through Decartes' wind pipe nerves, to present day discussions on the computer and the brain, runs a continuous thread. In fact, the very name of mechanism for an attitude of inquiry throughout the history of Biology reveals this at a philosophical level. More often than not, mechanism is mentioned in opposition to vitalism, as an assertion of the (...)
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  17. At the source of time: Valence and the constitutional dynamics of affect: The question, the background: How affect originarily shapes time.Francisco J. Varela - 2005 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 12 (8-10):8-10.
    This paper represents a step in the analysis of the key, but much-neglected role of affect and emotions as the originary source of the living present, as a foundational dimension of the moment-to-moment emergence of consciousness. In a more general sense, we may express the question in the following terms: there seems to be a growing consensus from various sources -- philosophical, empirical and clinical -- that emotions cannot be seen as a mere 'coloration' of the cognitive agent, understood as (...)
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  18.  32
    Color vision: A case study in the Foundations of Cognitive Science.Francisco J. Varela & Evan Thompson - 1990 - Revue de Synthèse 111 (1-2):129-138.
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  19. Truth is what works : Francisco J. Varela on cognitive science, buddhism, the inseparability of subject and object, and the exaggerations of constructivism--a conversation.Francisco J. Varela & Bernhard Poerksen - 2006 - Journal of Aesthetic Education 40 (1):35-53.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:The Journal of Aesthetic Education 40.1 (2006) 35-53 [Access article in PDF] "Truth Is What Works": Francisco J. Varela on Cognitive Science, Buddhism, the Inseparability of Subject and Object, and the Exaggerations of Constructivism—A Conversation Francisco J. Varela Bernhard Poerksen Institut für Journalistik und Kommunikationswissenschaft Universität Hamburg Francisco J. Varela (1946-2001) studied biology in Santiago de Chile, obtained his doctorate 1970 at Harvard (...)
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  20. On Becoming Aware: A Pragmatics of Experiencing.Natalie Depraz, Francisco J. Varela & Pierre Vermersch - 2003 - John Benjamins.
    Searches for the sources and means for a disciplined practical approach to exploring human experience.
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  21.  46
    Neurofenomenologia: metodologiczne lekarstwo na trudny problem.Francisco Varela - 2010 - Avant: Trends in Interdisciplinary Studies 1 (1):31-73.
    This paper responds to the issues raised by D. Chalmers by offering a research direction which is quite radical because of the way in which methodological principles are linked to scientific studies of consciousness. Neuro-phenomenology is the name I use here to designate a quest to marry modern cognitive science and a disciplined approach to human experience, thereby placing myself in the lineage of the continental tradition of Phenomenology. My claim is that the so-called hard problem that animates these Special (...)
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  22.  49
    The extended calculus of indications interpreted as a three-valued logic.Francisco J. Varela - 1979 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 20 (1):141-146.
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  23. Life after Kant: Natural purposes and the autopoietic foundations of biological individuality. [REVIEW]Andreas Weber & Francisco J. Varela - 2002 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 1 (2):97-125.
    This paper proposes a basic revision of the understanding of teleology in biological sciences. Since Kant, it has become customary to view purposiveness in organisms as a bias added by the observer; the recent notion of teleonomy expresses well this as-if character of natural purposes. In recent developments in science, however, notions such as self-organization (or complex systems) and the autopoiesis viewpoint, have displaced emergence and circular self-production as central features of life. Contrary to an often superficial reading, Kant gives (...)
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  24. A Cognitive view of the immune system.Francisco Varela - 1994 - World Futures 42 (1):31-40.
  25. Experimental Epistemology: Background and Future.Francisco Varela - unknown - Eidos: The Canadian Graduate Journal of Philosophy 5.
  26.  8
    El arbol del conocimiento: las bases biológicas del conocimiento humano.Humberto R. Maturana & Francisco J. Varela - 1990 - Madrid: Editorial Debate. Edited by Francisco J. Varela.
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  27.  60
    La réduction a l’épreuve de l’expérience.Natalie Depraz, Francisco J. Varela & Pierre Vermersch - 2000 - Études Phénoménologiques 16 (31-32):165-184.
  28. The basic cycle.Natalie Depraz, Francisco Varela & Pierre Vermersch - 2003 - In Natalie Depraz, Francisco J. Varela & Pierre Vermersch (eds.), On Becoming Aware: A Pragmatics of Experiencing. John Benjamins. pp. 15-63.
  29. Redrawing the map and resetting the time: Phenomenology and the cognitive sciences.Shaun Gallagher & Francisco Varela - 2001 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy.
  30. Understanding Origins: Contemporary Views on the Origin of Life, Mind and Society.Francisco J. Varela, Jean-Pierre Dupuy & Elias L. Khalil - 1994 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 16 (2):355.
     
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  31. Understanding Origins. Contemporary Views on the Origin of Life.Francisco J. Varela & Jean-Pierre Dupuy - forthcoming - Mind and Society. Dordrecht, Boston, London.
     
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  32.  15
    Approches de l'intentionnalité : de l'individu aux groupes sociaux.Francisco Varela - forthcoming - Rhuthmos.
    Dans cette conférence de 1996, Francisco Varela tente d'établir une homologie formelle entre l'émergence cognitive dans le monde du vivant et celle propre au monde social. Texte retranscrit par Christiane Peyron-Bonjan, soumis au conférencier et corrigé par ses soins. 1. Introduction Je vous remercie de votre invitation à faire une communication ici. Il y a une semaine, à Londres, j'ai participé à un colloque homologue, intitulé « Complexity and Strategy » organisé par le Santa Fe Institute for the (...)
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  33.  46
    Redrawing the Map and Resetting the Time: Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences.Shaun Gallagher & Francisco J. Varela - 2003 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 33 (sup1):93-132.
    In recent years there has been some hard-won but still limited agreement that phenomenology can be of central and positive importance to the cognitive sciences. This realization comes in the wake of dismissive gestures made by philosophers of mind who mistakenly associate phenomenological method with untrained psychological introspection (e.g., Dennett 1991). For very different reasons, resistance is also found on the phenomenological side of this issue. There are many thinkers well versed in the Husserlian tradition who are not willing to (...)
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  34.  69
    Between Turing and quantum mechanics there is body to be found.Francisco J. Varela - 1990 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 13 (4):687-688.
  35.  62
    Fully embodying the personal level.Francisco J. Varela & Pierre Vermersch - 1998 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (6):777-778.
    The target article concludes that it is essential to introduce the personal level in cognitive science. We propose to take this conclusion one step further. The personal level should consist of first-person accounts of specific, contextualized experiences, not abstract or imagined cases. Exploring first-person accounts at their own level of detail calls for the refinements of method that can link up with neural accounts.
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  36.  33
    On observing emergent properties and their compositions.Francisco T. Varela & Vicente Sanchez-Leighton - 1990 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 13 (2):401-402.
  37. Self-consciousness: Adaptation or epiphenomenon?Francisco G. Varela - 1971 - Stud Gen 24:426-39.
  38.  15
    La réduction a l’épreuve de l’expérience.Natalie Depraz, Francisco J. Varela & Pierre Vermersch - 2000 - Études Phénoménologiques 16 (31-32):165-184.
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  39.  28
    Redrawing the Map and Resetting the Time: Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences.Shaun Gallagher & Francisco J. Varela - 2003 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 33 (Supplement):93-132.
    e argue that phenomenology can be of central and positive importance to the cognitive sciences, and that it can also learn from the empirical research conducted in those sciences. We discuss the project of naturalizing phenomenology and how this can be best accomplished. We provide several examples of how phenomenology and the cognitive sciences can integrate their research. Specifically, we consider issues related to embodied cognition and intersubjectivity. We provide a detailed analysis of issues related to time-consciousness, with reference to (...)
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  40.  8
    Naturalizing Teleology: Towards a Theory of Biological Subjects.Andreas Weber & Francisco J. Varela - 2008 - In Luca Illetterati (ed.), Purposiveness: Teleology Between Nature and Mind. Ontos Verlag. pp. 201-220.
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  41.  82
    On the ways to color.Evan Thompson, Adrian Palacios & Francisco J. Varela - 1992 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 15 (1):56-74.
  42.  95
    Autopoiesis and lifelines: The importance of origins.Evan Thompson & Francisco J. Varela - 1999 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (5):909-910.
    Lifelines provides a useful corrective to “ultra-Darwinism” but it is marred by its failure to cite its scientific predecessors. Rose's argument could have been strengthened by taking greater account of the theory of autopoiesis in biology and of enactive cognitive science.
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  43. Der Baum der Erkenntnis. Die biologischen Wurzeln des menschlichen Erkennens.Humberto R. Maturana & Francisco J. Varela - 1989 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 20 (1):166-169.
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  44.  11
    Przerysować mapę i przestawić czas: fenomenologia i nauki kognitywne.Shaun Gallagher & Francisco Varela - 2010 - Avant: Trends in Interdisciplinary Studies 1 (1):77-122.
    We argue that phenomenology can be of central and positive importance to the cognitive sciences, and that it can also learn from the empirical research conducted in those sciences. We discuss the project of naturalizing phenomenology and how this can be best accomplished. We provide several examples of how phenomenology and the cognitive sciences can integrate their research. Specifically, we consider issues related to embodied cognition and intersubjectivity. We provide a detailed analysis of issues related to time-consciousness, with reference to (...)
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  45.  5
    On Becoming Aware: A Pragmatics of Experiencing. Advances in Consciousness Research.Natalie Depraz, Francisco J. Varela & Pierre Vermersch (eds.) - 2003 - John Benjamins Publishing.
    This book searches for the sources and means for a disciplined practical approach to exploring human experience. The spirit of this book is "pragmatic" and relies on a Husserlian phenomenology primarily understood as a "method" of exploring our experience. The authors do not aim at a neo-Kantian "a priori" new theory of experience but instead they describe a concrete activity: how we examine what we live through, how we "become aware" of our own mental life. The range of experiences of (...)
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  46.  69
    Przerysować mapę i przestawić czas: fenomenologia i nauki kognitywne.Shaun Gallagher & Francisco Varela - 2010 - Avant: Trends in Interdisciplinary Studies 1 (1):77-122.
    We argue that phenomenology can be of central and positive importance to the cognitive sciences, and that it can also learn from the empirical research conducted in those sciences. We discuss the project of naturalizing phenomenology and how this can be best accomplished. We provide several examples of how phenomenology and the cognitive sciences can integrate their research. Specifically, we consider issues related to embodied cognition and intersubjectivity. We provide a detailed analysis of issues related to time-consciousness, with reference to (...)
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  47. Guiding the study of brain dynamics by using first- person data: Synchrony patterns correlate with ongoing conscious states during a simple visual task.Antoine Lutz, Jacques Martinerie, Jean-Philippe Lachaux & Francisco J. Varela - 2002 - Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the Usa 99 (3):1586-1591.
    Laboratoire de Neurosciences Cognitives et Imagerie Ce´re´brale (LENA), Hoˆpital de La Salpeˆtrie`re, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS).
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  48. Beyond the gap: An introduction to naturalizing phenomenology.Jean-Michel Roy, Jean Petitot, Bernard Pachoud & Francisco J. Varela - 1999 - In Jean Petitot, Francisco J. Varela, Bernard Pachoud & Jean-Michel Roy (eds.), Naturalizing Phenomenology: Issues in Contemporary Phenomenology and Cognitive Science. Stanford University Press.
     
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  49.  49
    Size constancy and the problem of perceptual spaces.Humberto R. Maturana, Samy G. Frenk & Francisco G. Varela - 1972 - Cognition 1 (1):97-104.
    The phenomenon of size constancy is defined as the apparent perceptual invariance of the linear dimensions of a seen object as this approaches the eye or recedes from it. It has been interpreted as resulting from the application by the brain of a size correction, made possible by the subject's apprehension of distance cues present in the image. We present several observations which, by dissociating accommodation from distance of the seen object and by suppressing the optic effects of accommodation on (...)
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  50.  41
    First-person Methodologies.Varela Francisco & Shaer Jonathan - 1999 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 6 (2-3):1-14.
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