Results for 'Rachel Mason Dentinger'

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  1.  12
    Patterns of Infection and Patterns of Evolution: How a Malaria Parasite Brought “Monkeys and Man” Closer Together in the 1960s.Rachel Mason Dentinger - 2016 - Journal of the History of Biology 49 (2):359-395.
    In 1960, American parasitologist Don Eyles was unexpectedly infected with a malariaparasite isolated from a macaque. He and his supervisor, G. Robert Coatney of the National Institutes of Health, had started this series of experiments with the assumption that humans were not susceptible to “monkey malaria.” The revelation that a mosquito carrying a macaque parasite could infect a human raised a whole range of public health and biological questions. This paper follows Coatney’s team of parasitologists and their subjects: from the (...)
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  2.  30
    Introduction to “Working Across Species”.Rachel Mason Dentinger & Abigail Woods - 2018 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 40 (2):30.
    Comparison between different animal species is omnipresent in the history of science and medicine but rarely subject to focussed historical analysis. The articles in the “Working Across Species” topical collection address this deficit by looking directly at the practical and epistemic work of cross-species comparison. Drawn from papers presented at a Wellcome-Trust-funded workshop in 2016, these papers investigate various ways that comparison has been made persuasive and successful, in multiple locations, by diverse disciplines, over the course of two centuries. They (...)
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  3.  14
    Ecology and Infection: Studying Host-Parasite Interactions at the Interface of Biology and Medicine.Rachel Mason Dentinger & Pierre-Olivier Méthot - 2016 - Journal of the History of Biology 49 (2):231-240.
  4.  20
    Abigail Woods, Michael Bresalier, Angela Cassidy, and Rachel Mason Dentinger, Animals and the Shaping of Modern Medicine: One Heath and Its Histories , 288 pp., $40.00 Hardcover, ISBN 978-3319643366. [REVIEW]Georgina Montgomery - 2018 - Journal of the History of Biology 51 (3):605-607.
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  5.  3
    Abigail Woods; Michael Bresalier; Angela Cassidy; Rachel Mason Dentinger. Animals and the Shaping of Modern Medicine: One Health and Its Histories. (Medicine and Biomedical Sciences in Modern History.) Xvii + 280 Pp., Figs., Tables, Bibl., Index. Cham, Switzerland: Palgrave Macmillan, 2018. €30 (Cloth). ISBN 9783319643366. [REVIEW]Etienne S. Benson - 2020 - Isis 111 (2):410-411.
  6.  11
    Bimanual Reach to Grasp Movements in Youth With and Without Autism Spectrum Disorder.Rachel A. Rodgers, Brittany G. Travers & Andrea H. Mason - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  7. Reducing Implicit Racial Preferences: II. Intervention Effectiveness Across Time.Calvin K. Lai, Allison L. Skinner, Erin Cooley, Sohad Murrar, Markus Brauer, Thierry Devos, Jimmy Calanchini, Y. Jenny Xiao, Christina Pedram, Christopher K. Marshburn, Stefanie Simon, John C. Blanchar, Jennifer A. Joy-Gaba, John Conway, Liz Redford, Rick A. Klein, Gina Roussos, Fabian M. H. Schellhaas, Mason Burns, Xiaoqing Hu, Meghan C. McLean, Jordan R. Axt, Shaki Asgari, Kathleen Schmidt, Rachel Rubinstein, Maddalena Marini, Sandro Rubichi, Jiyun-Elizabeth L. Shin & Brian A. Nosek - 2016 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 145 (8):1001-1016.
  8. Governing AI-Driven Health Research: Are IRBs Up to the Task?Phoebe Friesen, Rachel Douglas-Jones, Mason Marks, Robin Pierce, Katherine Fletcher, Abhishek Mishra, Jessica Lorimer, Carissa Véliz, Nina Hallowell, Mackenzie Graham, Mei Sum Chan, Huw Davies & Taj Sallamuddin - 2021 - Ethics and Human Research 2 (43):35-42.
    Many are calling for concrete mechanisms of oversight for health research involving artificial intelligence (AI). In response, institutional review boards (IRBs) are being turned to as a familiar model of governance. Here, we examine the IRB model as a form of ethics oversight for health research that uses AI. We consider the model's origins, analyze the challenges IRBs are facing in the contexts of both industry and academia, and offer concrete recommendations for how these committees might be adapted in order (...)
     
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  9.  5
    Art Education: An International Perspective. [REVIEW]Rachel Mason - 1987 - Journal of Aesthetic Education 21 (1):119.
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  10.  7
    Art Education and Multiculturalism.Robyn F. Wasson & Rachel Mason - 1990 - Journal of Aesthetic Education 24 (4):113.
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  11.  51
    Extending Life for People with a Terminal Illness: A Moral Right and an Expensive Death? Exploring Societal Perspectives.Neil McHugh, Rachel M. Baker, Helen Mason, Laura Williamson, Job van Exel, Rohan Deogaonkar, Marissa Collins & Cam Donaldson - 2015 - BMC Medical Ethics 16 (1):14.
    Many publicly-funded health systems apply cost-benefit frameworks in response to the moral dilemma of how best to allocate scarce healthcare resources. However, implementation of recommendations based on costs and benefit calculations and subsequent challenges have led to ‘special cases’ with certain types of health benefits considered more valuable than others. Recent debate and research has focused on the relative value of life extensions for people with terminal illnesses. This research investigates societal perspectives in relation to this issue, in the UK.
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  12.  35
    Routledge Handbook of Social and Political Philosophy of Language.Justin Khoo & Rachel Sterken (eds.) - 2021 - Routledge.
    Part 1. Social and political language: methodological and foundational Issues 1. Conceptual engineering in philosophy (Matti Eklund) 2. Social ontology (Mari Mikkola) 3. An invitation to social and political metasemantics (Derek Ball) 4. Linguistic prescriptivism (Alex Barber) 5. Speech acts (Rachel McKinney and Dan Harris) 6. On the Uselessness of the Distinction between Ideal and Non-Ideal Theory (at least in the Philosophy of Language) (Herman Cappelen and Josh Dever) Part 2. Non-ideal semantics and pragmatics 7. Lying, Deception, and Epistemic (...)
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  13.  22
    Ways to Be Blameworthy: Rightness, Wrongness, and Responsibility.Elinor Mason - 2019 - Oxford University Press.
    Elinor Mason draws on ethics and responsibility theory to present a pluralistic view of both wrongness and blameworthiness. Mason argues that our moral concepts, rightness and wrongness, must be connected to our responsibility concepts. But the connection is not simple. She identifies three different ways to be blameworthy, corresponding to different ways of acting wrongly. The paradigmatic way to be blameworthy is to act subjectively wrongly. Mason argues for an account of subjective obligation that is connected to (...)
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  14.  44
    Rachel Laudan. Reviewed Work: The Rejection of Continental Drift Theory and Method in American Earth Science by Naomi Oreskes. [REVIEW]Rachel Laudan - 2000 - Philosophy of Science 67 (2):343-345.
  15. On Our Mind: Salience, Context, and Figurative Language.Rachel Giora - 2003 - Oxford University Press.
    In this volume, Rachel Giora explores how the salient meanings of words - the meanings that stand out as most prominent and accessible in our minds - shape how we think and how we speak. For Giora, salient meanings display interesting effects in both figurative and literal language. In both domains, speakers and writers creatively exploit the possibilities inherent in the fact that, while words have multiple meanings, some meanings are more accessible than others. Of the various meanings weencode (...)
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  16.  56
    Folk Psychology and Tacit Theories : A Correspondence Between Frank Jackson and Steve Stich and Kelby Mason.Frank Jackson, Kelby Mason & Steve Stich - 2009 - In David Braddon-Mitchell & Robert Nola (eds.), Conceptual Analysis and Philosophical Naturalism. MIT Press. pp. 99--112.
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  17.  2
    Mason & Mccall Smith's Law and Medical Ethics.J. K. Mason - 2005 - Oxford University Press.
    Mason and McCall Smith's classic textbook discusses the relationship of medical practice and ethics with the operation of the law. The subjects covered include natural and assisted reproduction, the impact of modern genetics on medicine, medical confidentiality, consent to medical treatment, the use of resources and problems surrounding death in the new medical era. It is of significance to anyone with an interest in the ethical and legal practice of medicine.
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  18.  4
    Model Organisms.Rachel Ankeny & Sabina Leonelli - 2021 - Cambridge University Press.
    This Element presents a philosophical exploration of the concept of the 'model organism' in contemporary biology. Thinking about model organisms enables us to examine how living organisms have been brought into the laboratory and used to gain a better understanding of biology, and to explore the research practices, commitments, and norms underlying this understanding. We contend that model organisms are key components of a distinctive way of doing research. We focus on what makes model organisms an important type of model, (...)
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  19.  44
    God and Human Attitudes: James Rachels.James Rachels - 1971 - Religious Studies 7 (4):325-337.
    Kneeling down or grovelling on the ground, even to express your reverence for heavenly things, is contrary to human dignity.
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  20.  11
    Herder's Naturalist Aesthetics.Rachel Zuckert - 2019 - Cambridge University Press.
    In this book, Rachel Zuckert provides the first overarching account of Johann Gottfried Herder's complex aesthetic theory. She guides the reader through Herder's texts, showing how they relate to eighteenth- and nineteenth-century European philosophy of art, and focusing on two main concepts: aesthetic naturalism, the view that art is natural to and naturally valuable for human beings as organic, embodied beings, and - unusually for Herder's time - aesthetic pluralism, the view that aesthetic value takes many diverse and culturally (...)
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  21. Created From Animals: The Moral Implications of Darwinism.James Rachels - 1990 - Oxford University Press.
    From Bishop Wilberforce in the 1860s to the advocates of "creation science" today, defenders of traditional mores have condemned Darwin's theory of evolution as a threat to society's values. Darwin's defenders, like Stephen Jay Gould, have usually replied that there is no conflict between science and religion--that values and biological facts occupy separate realms. But as James Rachels points out in this thought-provoking study, Darwin himself would disagree with Gould. Darwin, who had once planned on being a clergyman, was convinced (...)
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  22. Mental Filing.Rachel Goodman & Aidan Gray - 2022 - Noûs 56 (1):204-226.
    We offer an interpretation of the mental files framework that eliminates the metaphor of files, information being contained in files, etc. The guiding question is whether, once we move beyond the metaphors, there is any theoretical role for files. We claim not. We replace the file-metaphor with two theses: the semantic thesis that there are irreducibly relational representational facts (viz. facts about the coordination of representations); and the metasemantic thesis that processes tied to information-relations ground those facts. In its canonical (...)
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  23. The End of Life: Euthanasia and Morality.James Rachels - 1986 - Oxford University Press.
    In this provocative book, a professor of philosophy examines the arguments for and against euthanasia, analyzes specific case studies, including those of Baby Jane Doe and Barney Clark, and offers an alternate theory on the morality of euthanasia. Various traditional distinctions--between "human" and "non-human," intentional and nonintentional, killing and "letting die"--are taken into account to determine whether euthanasia is permissible or not. Rachels presents a systematic argument against the traditional view, defending an alternative position based on the belief that there (...)
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  24.  27
    The Intelligibility of Religious Language: Two Standpoints: Rachel Shihor.Rachel Shihor - 1983 - Religious Studies 19 (2):215-221.
    ‘An honest religious thinker’, Wittgenstein remarked, ‘is like a tightrope walker. He almost looks as though he were walking on nothing but air. His support is the slenderest imaginable. And yet it really is possible to walk on it’.
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  25. Alfred North Whitehead an Anthology. Selected by F.S.C. Northrop and Mason W. Gross; Introductions and a Note on Whitehead's Terminology.Alfred North Whitehead, Mason Welch Gross & F. S. C. Northrop - 1953 - At the University Press.
     
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  26.  30
    Bibliography of James Rachels.David Rachels - 2005 - The Journal of Ethics 9 (3-4):573-578.
  27.  18
    Essays by Stuart Rachels.Stuart Rachels - unknown
    Over the last fifty years, traditional farming has been replaced by industrial farming. Unlike traditional farming, industrial farming is abhorrently cruel to animals, environmentally destructive, awful for rural America, and wretched for human health. In this essay, I document those facts, explain why the industrial system has become dominant, and argue that we should boycott industrially produced meat. Also, I argue that we should not even kill animals humanely for food, given our uncertainty about which creatures possess a right to (...)
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  28. Community, Solidarity and Belonging: Levels of Community and Their Normative Significance.Andrew Mason - 2000 - Cambridge University Press.
    Despite the frequency with which the term 'community' is used, it is hard to find any comprehensive exploration of the nature and value of community. This book tries to remedy this omission whilst taking seriously the idea that community can be of different kinds and can exist at different levels, and that these levels and kinds may come into conflict with one another. It focuses on the question of what kind of community is valuable at the level of the state. (...)
     
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  29. The Meaning of Generics.Rachel Katharine Sterken - 2017 - Philosophy Compass 12 (8):e12431.
    This article discusses recent theories of the meaning of generics. The discussion is centred on how the theories differ in their approach to addressing the primary difficulty in providing a theory of generic meaning: The notoriously complex ways in which the truth conditions of generics seem to vary. In addition, the article summarizes considerations for and against each theory.
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  30. Mason on Self-Knowledge. Melmoth's Great Importance of a Religious Life Considered. Dodsley's Economy of Human Life.John Mason & William Melmoth - 1824
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  31.  24
    Critical Thinking and Learning.Mark Mason (ed.) - 2008 - Wiley-Blackwell.
    By introducing current debates in the field of critical thinking and posing new questions from contributing scholars, _Critical Thinking and Learning_ examines the received wisdom in the field of critical thinking and learning. Examines the different perspectives in the field of critical thinking and learning Provides insights into critical thinking by posing new questions from contributing authors Introduces cross-cultural viewpoints into the dominant 'western'-based educational viewpoint Highlights differences among a variety of thinkers in the field.
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  32. Names and Nature in Plato's Cratylus.Rachel Barney - 2001 - Routledge.
    This study offers a ckomprehensive new interpretation of one of Plato's dialogues, the _Cratylus_. Throughout, the book combines analysis of Plato's arguments with attentiveness to his philosophical method.
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  33.  4
    Similarities Between Cognitive Models of Language Production and Everyday Functioning: Implications for Development of Interventions for Functional Difficulties.Rachel Mis & Tania Giovannetti - 2022 - Wiley: Topics in Cognitive Science 14 (2):295-310.
    Topics in Cognitive Science, Volume 14, Issue 2, Page 295-310, April 2022.
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  34. Moral Dilemmas and Moral Theory.H. E. Mason (ed.) - 1996 - Oxford University Press.
    This collection of previously unpublished essays addresses a number of issues arising out of philosophical controversies over the possibility of genuine moral dilemmas. Issues addressed include the form of a moral dilemma; the paradoxes a moral dilemma is said to entail; the question of whether a moral dilemma must exhibit inconsistency; the role of intractable circumstances in occasioning moral dilemmas; and the plausibility of supposing that there might be rational ways of addressing moral dilemmas in practice. The contributors, writing from (...)
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  35. Perceiving Agency.Mason Westfall - forthcoming - Mind and Language.
    When we look around the world, some things are inert and others are ‘alive’. What is it to ‘look alive’? An account of animacy perception is crucial, both for a proper understanding of visual experience, and for downstream questions about the epistemology of social cognition. I argue that empirical work on animacy supports the view that animacy is genuinely perceptual. We should construe perception of animacy as perception of agents and perception of behavior. My proposal explains how static and dynamic (...)
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  36.  6
    The Moral Psychology of Contempt.Michelle Mason (ed.) - 2018 - Rowman & Littlefield International.
    This volume is the first to bring together original work by leading philosophers and psychologists in an examination of the moral psychology of contempt.
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  37. Modern Philosophers, Lectures Delivered During 1902, and Lectures on Bergson, Delivered in 1913, Tr. By A.C. Mason.Harald Høfding & Alfred C. Mason - 1915
     
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  38.  79
    Iris Murdoch, Privacy, and the Limits of Moral Testimony.Cathy Mason - forthcoming - European Journal of Philosophy.
    Recent discussions of moral testimony have focused on the acceptability of forming beliefs on the basis of moral testimony, but there has been little acknowledgement of the limits to testimony's capacity to convey moral knowledge. In this paper I outline one such limit, drawing on Iris Murdoch's conception of private moral concepts. Such concepts, I suggest, plausibly play an important role in moral thought, and yet moral knowledge expressed in them cannot be testimonially acquired.
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  39.  69
    Acquaintance and Evidence in Appearance Language.Rachel Etta Rudolph - forthcoming - Linguistics and Philosophy:1-29.
    Assertions about appearances license inferences about the speaker's perceptual experience. For instance, if I assert, 'Tom looks like he's cooking', you will infer both that I am visually acquainted with Tom (what I call the "individual acquaintance inference"), and that I am visually acquainted with evidence that Tom is cooking (what I call the "evidential acquaintance inference"). By contrast, if I assert, 'It looks like Tom is cooking', only the latter inference is licensed. I develop an account of the acquaintance (...)
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  40.  31
    Complexity Theory and the Philosophy of Education.Mark Mason (ed.) - 2009 - Wiley-Blackwell.
    A collection of scholarly essays, __Complexity Theory and the Philosophy of Education__ provides an accessible theoretical introduction to the topic of complexity theory while considering its broader implications for educational change. Explains the contributions of complexity theory to philosophy of education, curriculum, and educational research Brings together new research by an international team of contributors Debates issues ranging from the culture of curriculum, to the implications of work of key philosophers such as Foucault and John Dewey for educational change Demonstrates (...)
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  41.  53
    Hume's Morality: Feeling and Fabrication.Rachel Cohon - 2008 - Oxford University Press.
    Rachel Cohon offers an original interpretation of the moral philosophy of David Hume, focusing on two areas.
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  42. The Common Point of View in Hume’s Ethics.Rachel Cohon - 1997 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 57 (4):827-850.
    Hume's moral philosophy makes sentiment essential to moral judgment. But there is more individual consistency and interpersonal agreement in moral judgment than in private emotional reactions. Hume accounts for this by saying that our moral judgments do not manifest our approval or disapproval of character traits and persons "only as they appear from [our] peculiar point of view..." Rather, "we fix on some steady and general points of view; and always, in our thoughts, place ourselves in them, whatever may be (...)
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  43.  93
    Kant on Beauty and Biology: An Interpretation of the 'Critique of Judgment'.Rachel Zuckert - 2007 - Cambridge University Press.
    Kant's Critique of Judgment has often been interpreted by scholars as comprising separate treatments of three uneasily connected topics: beauty, biology, and empirical knowledge. Rachel Zuckert's book interprets the Critique as a unified argument concerning all three domains. She argues that on Kant's view, human beings demonstrate a distinctive cognitive ability in appreciating beauty and understanding organic life: an ability to anticipate a whole that we do not completely understand according to preconceived categories. This ability is necessary, moreover, for (...)
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  44.  25
    Psychiatry and Philosophy of Science.Rachel Cooper - 2007 - Routledge.
    "Psychiatry and Philosophy of Science" explores conceptual issues in psychiatry from the perspective of analytic philosophy of science. Through an examination of those features of psychiatry that distinguish it from other sciences - for example, its contested subject matter, its particular modes of explanation, its multiple different theoretical frameworks, and its research links with big business - Rachel Cooper explores some of the many conceptual, metaphysical and epistemological issues that arise in psychiatry. She shows how these pose interesting challenges (...)
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  45.  6
    Law and Medical Ethics.J. K. Mason - 1999 - Lexisnexis Uk.
    This new edition of Law and Medical Ethics continues to chart the ever-widening field that the topics cover. The interplay between the health caring professions and the public during the period intervening since the last edition has, perhaps, been mainly dominated by wide-ranging changes in the administration of the National Health Service and of the professions themselves but these have been paralleled by important developments in medical jurisprudence.
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  46. The Nature of Technological Knowledge Are Models of Scientific Change Relevant?Rachel Laudan - 1984
  47.  20
    Local is Not Fair: Indigenous Peasant Farmer Preference for Export Markets.Rachel Soper - 2016 - Agriculture and Human Values 33 (3):537-548.
    The food sovereignty movement calls for a reversal of the neoliberal globalization of food, toward an alternative development model that supports peasant production for local consumption. The movement holds an ambiguous stance on peasant production for export markets, and clearly prioritizes localized trade. Food sovereignty discourse often simplifies and romanticizes the peasantry—overlooking agrarian class categories and ignoring the interests of export-oriented peasants. Drawing on 8 months of participant observation in the Andean countryside and 85 interviews with indigenous peasant farmers, this (...)
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  48.  19
    Philosophical Métissage and the Decolonization of Difference: Luce Irigaray, Daniel Maximin, and the Elemental Sublime.Rachel Jones - 2018 - Journal of Aesthetics and Phenomenology 5 (2):139-156.
    ABSTRACTThis article draws on Daniel Maximin’s extended essay on Caribbean identity, Les fruits du cyclone, to open up the potential in Luce Irigaray’s work for a decolonizing, elemental sublime. In so doing, it hopes to produce the kind of generative crossing that Maximin invokes via the figure of métissage: a term that recalls the forced breeding of the transatlantic slave trade, even as Maximin deploys it to resist the violence of colonialism and to affirm the unmasterable effects of the crossings (...)
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  49. Linguistic Interventions and Transformative Communicative Disruption.Rachel Katharine Sterken - 2020 - In Herman Cappelen, David Plunkett & Alexis Burgess (eds.), Conceptual Engineering and Conceptual Ethics. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 417-434.
    What words we use, and what meanings they have, is important. We shouldn't use slurs; we should use 'rape' to include spousal rape (for centuries we didn’t); we should have a word which picks out the sexual harassment suffered by people in the workplace and elsewhere (for centuries we didn’t). Sometimes we need to change the word-meaning pairs in circulation, either by getting rid of the pair completely (slurs), changing the meaning (as we did with 'rape'), or adding brand new (...)
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  50.  12
    Indigenous Peoples, Consent and Benefit Sharing– Learning Lessons From the San-Hoodia Case.Rachel Wynberg, Doris Schroeder & Roger Chennells (eds.) - 2009 - Dordrecht, Netherlands: Springer.
    Indigenous Peoples, Consent and Benefit Sharing is the first in-depth account of the Hoodia bioprospecting case and use of San traditional knowledge, placing it in the global context of indigenous peoples’ rights, consent and benefit-sharing. It is unique as the first interdisciplinary analysis of consent and benefit sharing in which philosophers apply their minds to questions of justice in the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), lawyers interrogate the use of intellectual property rights to protect traditional knowledge, environmental scientists analyse implications (...)
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