Results for 'Marissa Collins'

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  1.  51
    Extending Life for People with a Terminal Illness: A Moral Right and an Expensive Death? Exploring Societal Perspectives.Neil McHugh, Rachel M. Baker, Helen Mason, Laura Williamson, Job van Exel, Rohan Deogaonkar, Marissa Collins & Cam Donaldson - 2015 - BMC Medical Ethics 16 (1):14.
    Many publicly-funded health systems apply cost-benefit frameworks in response to the moral dilemma of how best to allocate scarce healthcare resources. However, implementation of recommendations based on costs and benefit calculations and subsequent challenges have led to ‘special cases’ with certain types of health benefits considered more valuable than others. Recent debate and research has focused on the relative value of life extensions for people with terminal illnesses. This research investigates societal perspectives in relation to this issue, in the UK.
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  2.  30
    Quentin Skinner's Hobbes and the Neo-Republican Project*: Jeffrey R. Collins.Jeffrey R. Collins - 2009 - Modern Intellectual History 6 (2):343-367.
    For nearly half a century, Quentin Skinner has been the world's foremost interpreter of Thomas Hobbes. When the contextualist mode of intellectual history now known as the “Cambridge School” was first asserting itself in the 1960s, the life and writings of John Locke were the primary topic for pioneers such as Peter Laslett and John Dunn. At that time, Hobbes was still the plaything of philosophers and political scientists, virtually all of whom wrote in an ahistorical, textual-analytic manner. Hobbes had (...)
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  3. Epistemological Chicken HM Collins and Steven Yearley.H. M. Collins - 1992 - In Andrew Pickering (ed.), Science as Practice and Culture. University of Chicago Press. pp. 301.
  4.  5
    Sense-Making, Meaningfulness, and Instrumental Music Education.Marissa Silverman - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  5.  37
    Choose Your Own Adventure: Examining the Fictional Content of Video Games as Interactive Fictions.Marissa D. Willis - 2019 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 77 (1):43-53.
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  6.  8
    The Influence of Time on Task on Mind Wandering and Visual Working Memory.Marissa Krimsky, Daniel E. Forster, Maria M. Llabre & Amishi P. Jha - 2017 - Cognition 169:84-90.
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  7. Moving Beyond Causes: Optimality Models and Scientific Explanation.Collin Rice - 2015 - Noûs 49 (3):589-615.
    A prominent approach to scientific explanation and modeling claims that for a model to provide an explanation it must accurately represent at least some of the actual causes in the event's causal history. In this paper, I argue that many optimality explanations present a serious challenge to this causal approach. I contend that many optimality models provide highly idealized equilibrium explanations that do not accurately represent the causes of their target system. Furthermore, in many contexts, it is in virtue of (...)
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  8.  19
    Social Incentives Improve Deliberative but Not Procedural Learning in Older Adults.Marissa A. Gorlick & W. Todd Maddox - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  9.  27
    Intersectionality as Critical Social Theory.Patricia Hill Collins, Elaini Cristina Gonzaga da Silva, Emek Ergun, Inger Furseth, Kanisha D. Bond & Jone Martínez-Palacios - 2021 - Contemporary Political Theory 20 (3):690-725.
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  10.  10
    PAeDS-MoRe: A Framework for the Development and Review of Research Assent Protocols Involving Children and Adolescents.Marissa Constand, Nadia Tanel & Stephen E. Ryan - 2015 - Research Ethics 11 (1):15-38.
    We systematically reviewed contemporary literature to create an evidence-informed framework for research studies involving children and adolescents who can assent to participate. We searched seven citation indices to locate peer-reviewed research published in English language journals between 2000 and 2012. After screening 1,231 titles and abstracts for relevance, we assessed levels of evidence, extracted information, and analysed content from 87 articles. Most articles narrowly focused on paediatric assent barriers and facilitators for decision-making about research participation. No articles provided a single, (...)
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  11.  69
    Models Don’T Decompose That Way: A Holistic View of Idealized Models.Collin Rice - 2019 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 70 (1):179-208.
    Many accounts of scientific modelling assume that models can be decomposed into the contributions made by their accurate and inaccurate parts. These accounts then argue that the inaccurate parts of the model can be justified by distorting only what is irrelevant. In this paper, I argue that this decompositional strategy requires three assumptions that are not typically met by our best scientific models. In response, I propose an alternative view in which idealized models are characterized as holistically distorted representations that (...)
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  12.  68
    Anthony Collins on the Status of Consciousness.Vili Lähteenmäki - 2014 - Vivarium 52 (3-4):315-332.
    Anthony Collins (1676-1729) maintains that consciousness might be a material process or result from material processes. On the one hand, Collins accepts Locke’s view that from consciousness, i.e., the activity of thinking, we acquire no knowledge about the nature of the thinking substance. On the other, he takes seriously Samuel Clarke’s challenge that the thinking substance must be suitably unified because consciousness is unified. In this paper, I argue that, throughout his correspondence with Clarke, Collins maintains that (...)
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  13.  51
    Idealized Models, Holistic Distortions, and Universality.Collin Rice - 2018 - Synthese 195 (6):2795-2819.
    In this paper, I first argue against various attempts to justify idealizations in scientific models that explain by showing that they are harmless and isolable distortions of irrelevant features. In response, I propose a view in which idealized models are characterized as providing holistically distorted representations of their target system. I then suggest an alternative way that idealized modeling can be justified by appealing to universality.
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  14.  6
    Cultural Embeddedness and the Mestiza Ethics of Care: a Neo-Humean Response to the Problem of Moral Inclusion.Marissa Espinoza & Rico Vitz - 2021 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 24 (5):1091-1107.
    In this paper, we develop a neo-Humean response to the problem of moral inclusion by bringing Humean moral philosophy into deep and serious dialogue with Latin American philosophy. Our argument for achieving this two-fold aim unfolds as follows. In section one, we elucidate Mia Sosa-Provencio’s conception of a mestiza ethics of care. We begin by highlighting its fundamental elements, especially its concern with what we refer to as the cultural embeddedness both of moral agents and of moral patients. We then (...)
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  15.  5
    Understanding Realism.Collin Rice - 2019 - Synthese 198 (5):4097-4121.
    Catherine Elgin has recently argued that a nonfactive conception of understanding is required to accommodate the epistemic successes of science that make essential use of idealizations and models. In this paper, I argue that the fact that our best scientific models and theories are pervasively inaccurate representations can be made compatible with a more nuanced form of scientific realism that I call Understanding Realism. According to this view, science aims at factive scientific understanding of natural phenomena. I contend that this (...)
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  16.  29
    Journey Into Space HM Collins and Steven Yearley.H. M. Collins - 1992 - In Andrew Pickering (ed.), Science as Practice and Culture. University of Chicago Press. pp. 369.
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  17.  13
    Intentionally Designing Communities for Health and Well-Being: A Vision for Today.Marissa Levine - 2018 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 46 (3):685-690.
    Efforts in Virginia highlight an emerging approach to improving health and well-being for the population — human-centered design intentionally focused on protecting health and improving well-being. This keynote emphasized a data-informed approach facilitated by multi-sectoral leadership that promotes alignment of community assets focused to result in system changes more likely to sustainably improve health and well-being.
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  18.  5
    Intermodal Emotion Matching at 15 Months, but Not 9 or 21 Months, Predicts Early Childhood Emotion Understanding: A Longitudinal Investigation. [REVIEW]Marissa Ogren & Scott P. Johnson - 2020 - Cognition and Emotion 34 (7):1343-1356.
    Emotion understanding is a crucial skill for early social development, yet little is known regarding longitudinal development of this skill from infancy to early childhood. To address this issue, t...
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  19.  74
    Optimality Explanations: A Plea for an Alternative Approach.Collin C. Rice - 2012 - Biology and Philosophy 27 (5):685-703.
    Recently philosophers of science have begun to pay more attention to the use of highly idealized mathematical models in scientific theorizing. An important example of this kind of highly idealized modeling is the widespread use of optimality models within evolutionary biology. One way to understand the explanations provided by these models is as a censored causal explanation: an explanation that omits certain causal factors in order to focus on a modular subset of the causal processes that led to the explanandum. (...)
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  20. Factive Scientific Understanding Without Accurate Representation.Collin C. Rice - 2016 - Biology and Philosophy 31 (1):81-102.
    This paper analyzes two ways idealized biological models produce factive scientific understanding. I then argue that models can provide factive scientific understanding of a phenomenon without providing an accurate representation of the features of their real-world target system. My analysis of these cases also suggests that the debate over scientific realism needs to investigate the factive scientific understanding produced by scientists’ use of idealized models rather than the accuracy of scientific models themselves.
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  21.  57
    The Illusion of Intimacy: A Levinasian Critique of Evolutionary Psychology.Marissa S. Beyers & Jeffrey S. Reber - 1998 - Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 18 (2):176-192.
    While acknowledging the psychological experience of intimacy, evolutionary theory postulates proliferation as the underlying grounds for human relationships. Intimacy, according to evolutionary theory, is merely a psychological mechanism whereby sexual selection and parental investment are facilitated. Unfortunately, the assumption of an underlying evolutionary mechanism which governs human relationships including romantic love, jealousy, and parent–child bonds is fraught with problematic consequences. Unlike the evolutionary understanding of intimacy, the philosophy of E. Levinas offers an alternative conceptualization in which human relationships themselves constitute (...)
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  22. Scheduling Math Practice: Students’ Underappreciation of Spacing and Interleaving.Marissa K. Hartwig, Doug Rohrer & Robert F. Dedrick - 2022 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 28 (1):100-113.
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  23.  16
    The Relationship Between the Use of a Worksite Medical Home and ED Visits or Hospitalizations.Marissa Stroo, Christopher Conover, Gale Adcock, Radhikha Myneni, David Olaleye & Truls Østbye - 2015 - Inquiry: The Journal of Health Care Organization, Provision, and Financing 52:004695801560960.
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  24.  50
    Concepts as Pluralistic Hybrids.Collin Rice - 2016 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 92 (3):597-619.
    In contrast to earlier views that argued for a particular kind of concept, several recent accounts have proposed that there are multiple distinct kinds of concepts, or that there is a plurality of concepts for each category. In this paper, I argue for a novel account of concepts as pluralistic hybrids. According to this view, concepts are pluralistic because there are several concepts for the same category whose use is heavily determined by context. In addition, concepts are hybrids because they (...)
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  25.  6
    Epic's Bastard Son: The Importance of Being Nothos in the Dionysiaca of Nonnus.Marissa Henry - 2020 - American Journal of Philology 141 (3):421-455.
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  26. It's All in the Family: Intersections of Gender, Race, and Nation.Patricia Hill Collins - 1998 - Hypatia 13 (3):62 - 82.
    Intersectionality has attracted substantial scholarly attention in the 1990s. Rather than examining gender, race, class, and nation as distinctive social hierarchies, intersectionality examines how they mutually construct one another. I explore how the traditional family ideal functions as a privileged exemplar of intersectionality in the United States. Each of its six dimensions demonstrates specific connections between family as a gendered system of social organization, racial ideas and practices, and constructions of U.S. national identity.
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  27.  12
    Apes, Skulls and Drums: Using Images to Make Ethnographic Knowledge in Imperial Germany.Marissa H. Petrou - 2018 - British Journal for the History of Science 51 (1):69-98.
    In this paper, I discuss the development and use of images employed by the Dresden Royal Museum for Zoology, Anthropology and Ethnography to resolve debates about how to use visual representation as a means of making ethnographic knowledge. Through experimentation with techniques of visual representation, the founding director, A.B. Meyer, proposed a historical, non-essentialist approach to understanding racial and cultural difference. Director Meyer's approach was inspired by the new knowledge he had gained through field research in Asia-Pacific as well as (...)
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  28.  26
    Do the ‘Brain Dead’ Merely Appear to Be Alive?Michael Nair-Collins & Franklin G. Miller - 2017 - Journal of Medical Ethics 43 (11):747-753.
    The established view regarding ‘brain death’ in medicine and medical ethics is that patients determined to be dead by neurological criteria are dead in terms of a biological conception of death, not a philosophical conception of personhood, a social construction or a legal fiction. Although such individuals show apparent signs of being alive, in reality they are dead, though this reality is masked by the intervention of medical technology. In this article, we argue that an appeal to the distinction between (...)
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  29.  21
    Abandoning the Dead Donor Rule? A National Survey of Public Views on Death and Organ Donation.Michael Nair-Collins, Sydney R. Green & Angelina R. Sutin - 2015 - Journal of Medical Ethics 41 (4):297-302.
  30.  54
    Explanatory Schema and the Process of Model Building.Collin Rice, Yasha Rohwer & André Ariew - 2019 - Synthese 196 (11):4735-4757.
    In this paper, we argue that rather than exclusively focusing on trying to determine if an idealized model fits a particular account of scientific explanation, philosophers of science should also work on directly analyzing various explanatory schemas that reveal the steps and justification involved in scientists’ use of highly idealized models to formulate explanations. We develop our alternative methodology by analyzing historically important cases of idealized statistical modeling that use a three-step explanatory schema involving idealization, mathematical operation, and explanatory interpretation.
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  31. Maternal Thinking: Toward a Politics of Peace.Sara Ruddick & Patricia Hill Collins - 1994 - Hypatia 9 (2):188-198.
    The most popular uniting theme in feminist peace literature grounds women's peace work in mothering. I argue if maternal arguments do not address the variety of relationships different races and classes of mothers have to institutional violence and/or the military, then the resulting peace politics can only draw incomplete conclusions about the relationships between maternal work/thinking and peace. To illustrate this I compare two models of mothering: Sara Ruddick's decription of "maternal practice" and Patricia Hill Collins's account of racial-ethnic (...)
     
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  32.  22
    Rationality: An Essay Towards an Analysis.Arthur W. Collins - 1966 - Journal of Philosophy 63 (10):253-261.
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  33.  4
    The Correspondence of Samuel Clarke and Anthony Collins, 1707-08.Samuel Clarke & Anthony Collins (eds.) - 2011 - Broadview Press.
    An important work in the debate between materialists and dualists, the public correspondence between Anthony Collins and Samuel Clarke provided the framework for arguments over consciousness and personal identity in eighteenth-century Britain. In Clarke's view, mind and consciousness are so unified that they cannot be compounded into wholes or divided into parts, so mind and consciousness must be distinct from matter. Collins, by contrast, was a perceptive advocate of a materialist account of mind, who defended the possibility that (...)
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  34. Modeling Gender as a Multidimensional Sorites Paradox.Rory W. Collins - 2021 - Hypatia 36 (2):302–320.
    Gender is both indeterminate and multifaceted: many individuals do not fit neatly into accepted gender categories, and a vast number of characteristics are relevant to determining a person's gender. This article demonstrates how these two features, taken together, enable gender to be modeled as a multidimensional sorites paradox. After discussing the diverse terminology used to describe gender, I extend Helen Daly's research into sex classifications in the Olympics and show how varying testosterone levels can be represented using a sorites argument. (...)
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  35.  5
    The Evolution and Maturation of Teams in Organizations: Convergent Trends in the New Dynamic Science of Teams.Marissa L. Shuffler, Eduardo Salas & Michael A. Rosen - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  36. Death, Brain Death, and the Limits of Science: Why the Whole-Brain Concept of Death Is a Flawed Public Policy.Mike Nair-Collins - 2010 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 38 (3):667-683.
    Legally defining “death” in terms of brain death unacceptably obscures a value judgment that not all reasonable people would accept. This is disingenuous, and it results in serious moral flaws in the medical practices surrounding organ donation. Public policy that relies on the whole-brain concept of death is therefore morally flawed and in need of revision.
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  37. Minimal Model Explanations.Robert W. Batterman & Collin C. Rice - 2014 - Philosophy of Science 81 (3):349-376.
    This article discusses minimal model explanations, which we argue are distinct from various causal, mechanical, difference-making, and so on, strategies prominent in the philosophical literature. We contend that what accounts for the explanatory power of these models is not that they have certain features in common with real systems. Rather, the models are explanatory because of a story about why a class of systems will all display the same large-scale behavior because the details that distinguish them are irrelevant. This story (...)
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  38.  84
    Brain Death, Paternalism, and the Language of “Death”.Michael Nair-Collins - 2013 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 23 (1):53-104.
    The controversy over brain death and the dead donor rule continues unabated, with some of the same key points and positions starting to see repetition in the literature. One might wonder whether some of the participants are talking past each other, not all debating the same issue, even though they are using the same words (e.g., “death”). One reason for this is the complexity of the debate: It’s not merely about the nature of human life and death. Interwoven into this (...)
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  39. Collins' Core Fine-Tuning Argument.Mark Douglas Saward - 2014 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 76 (2):209-222.
    Collins (The Blackwell companion to natural theology, 2009) presents an argument he calls the ‘core fine-tuning argument’. In this paper, I show that Collins’ argument is flawed in at least two ways. First, the structure, depending on likelihoods, fails to establish anything about the posterior probability of God’s existence given fine-tuning. As an argument for God’s existence, this is a serious failing. Second, his analysis of what is appropriately restricted background knowledge, combined with the credences of a specially (...)
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  40.  10
    The Impact of Induced Anxiety on Response Inhibition.Oliver J. Robinson, Marissa Krimsky & Christian Grillon - 2013 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.
  41.  11
    Trials, Tribulations, and Triumphs: Research and Publishing From the Undergraduate Perspective.Sarah J. Matthews & Marissa N. Rosa - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  42.  68
    Clarke, Collins and Compounds.Robin Attfield - unknown
    Can room be found in between the matter and void of a Newtonian universe for an immaterial and immortal soul? Can followers of Locke with his agnosticism about the nature of substances claim to know that some of them are immaterial? Samuel Clarke, well versed in Locke's thought and a defender both of Newtonian science and Christian orthodoxy, believed he could do both and attempted to prove his case by means of some hard-boiled reductionism. Anthony Collins, a deist whose (...)
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  43.  17
    Taking Science Seriously in the Debate on Death and Organ Transplantation.Michael Nair-Collins - 2015 - Hastings Center Report 45 (6):38-48.
    The concept of death and its relationship to organ transplantation continue to be sources of debate and confusion among academics, clinicians, and the public. Recently, an international group of scholars and clinicians, in collaboration with the World Health Organization, met in the first phase of an effort to develop international guidelines for determination of death. The goal of this first phase was to focus on the biology of death and the dying process while bracketing legal, ethical, cultural, and religious perspectives. (...)
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  44.  10
    The Importance of the Playthrough: A Response to Ricksand.Marissa Willis - 2020 - Wiley: The Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 78 (1):105-108.
    The Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism, Volume 78, Issue 1, Page 105-108, Winter 2020.
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  45.  47
    A Biological Theory of Death: Characterization, Justification, and Implications.Michael Nair-Collins - 2018 - Diametros 55:27-43.
    John P. Lizza has long been a major figure in the scholarly literature on criteria for death. His searching and penetrating critiques of the dominant biological paradigm, and his defense of a theory of death of the person as a psychophysical entity, have both significantly advanced the literature. In this special issue, Lizza reinforces his critiques of a strictly biological approach. In my commentary, I take up Lizza’s challenge regarding a biological concept of death. He is certainly right to point (...)
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  46.  19
    The Puzzle of Experience.Arthur W. Collins - 1995 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 55 (1):246-248.
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  47. A World Apart: How Concepts of the Constructed World Are Different in Representation and in Development.Frank C. Keil, Marissa L. Greif & Rebekkah S. Kerner - 2007 - In Eric Margolis & Stephen Laurence (eds.), Creations of the Mind: Theories of Artifacts and Their Representaion. Oxford University Press. pp. 231--248.
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  48.  57
    Anthony Collins on the Emergence of Consciousness and Personal Identity.William Uzgalis - 2009 - Philosophy Compass 4 (2):363-379.
    The correspondence between Samuel Clarke and Anthony Collins of 1706–8, while not well known, is a spectacularly good debate between a dualist and a materialist over the possibility of giving a materialist account of consciousness and personal identity. This article puts the Clarke Collins Correspondence in a broader context in which it can be better appreciated, noting that it is really a debate between John Locke and Anthony Collins on one hand, and Samuel Clarke and Joseph Butler (...)
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  49. Review of I G Norance of Language} by Michael D Evitt. [REVIEW]John Collins - 2007 - Mind 116 (462):416-423.
  50.  52
    Can the Brain-Dead Be Harmed or Wronged?: On the Moral Status of Brain Death and its Implications for Organ Transplantation.Michael Nair-Collins - 2017 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 27 (4):525-559.
    The dead donor rule, which requires that organ donors not be killed by the process of organ procurement, is thought to protect vulnerable patients from exploitation and from being harmed through organ procurement. In current practice, the majority of transplantable organs are retrieved from patients who are declared dead by neurological criteria, or "brain-dead." Because brain death is considered to be sufficient for death, it is thought that brain-dead donors are neither harmed nor wronged by organ removal.In this essay I (...)
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