Results for 'Matti Kummu'

594 found
Order:
  1. Towards Best Practice Framing of Uncertainty in Scientific Publications: A Review of Water Resources Research Abstracts.Joseph Guillaume, Casey Helgeson, Sondoss Elsawah, Anthony Jakeman & Matti Kummu - 2017 - Water Resources Research 53 (8).
    Uncertainty is recognized as a key issue in water resources research, amongst other sciences. Discussions of uncertainty typically focus on tools and techniques applied within an analysis, e.g. uncertainty quantification and model validation. But uncertainty is also addressed outside the analysis, in writing scientific publications. The language that authors use conveys their perspective of the role of uncertainty when interpreting a claim —what we call here “framing” the uncertainty. This article promotes awareness of uncertainty framing in four ways. 1) It (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  2. Carnapian Frameworks Revisited.Matti Eklund - 2023 - In Panu Raatikainen (ed.), _Essays in the Philosophy of Language._ Acta Philosophica Fennica Vol. 100. Helsinki: Societas Philosophica Fennica. pp. 91–113.
    In his recent article "Carnapian Frameworks" (Synthese, 2021), Gabriel Broughton criticizes my discussions of Carnap on ontology and puts forward his own interpretation of what Carnap’s external/internal distinction amounts to. I here first argue that Broughton’s main claims about me are based on a misinterpretation. Then I turn to some issues of broader interest. I argue that Broughton’s own, potentially interesting interpretation of Carnap’s external/internal distinction does not work. And in light of Broughton’s discussion I present a sharpened version of (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  3. Intuitions, Conceptual Engineering, and Conceptual Fixed Points.Matti Eklund - 2015 - In Christopher Daly (ed.), Palgrave Handbook on Philosophical Methods. Palgrave Macmillan.
  4. Children prioritize humans over animals less than adults do.Matti Wilks, Lucius Caviola, Guy Kahane & Paul Bloom - 2021 - Psychological Science 1 (32):27-38.
    Is the tendency to morally prioritize humans over animals weaker in children than adults? In two pre-registered studies (N = 622), 5- to 9-year-old children and adults were presented with moral dilemmas pitting varying numbers of humans against varying numbers of either dogs or pigs and were asked who should be saved. In both studies, children had a weaker tendency to prioritize humans over animals than adults. They often chose to save multiple dogs over one human, and many valued the (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  5.  73
    Imposing a Lifestyle: A New Argument for Antinatalism.Matti Häyry & Amanda Sukenick - 2024 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 33 (2):238-259.
    Antinatalism is an emerging philosophy and practice that challenges pronatalism, the prevailing philosophy and practice in reproductive matters. We explore justifications of antinatalism—the arguments from the quality of life, the risk of an intolerable life, the lack of consent, and the asymmetry of good and bad—and argue that none of them supports a concrete, understandable, and convincing moral case for not having children. We identify concentration on possible future individuals who may or may not come to be as the main (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  6. Conceptual Engineering in Philosophy.Matti Eklund - 2021 - In Rebecca Mason (ed.), Hermeneutical Injustice. Routledge.
  7.  37
    Creative tensions: mutual responsiveness adapted to private sector research and development.Matti Sonck, Lotte Asveld, Laurens Landeweerd & Patricia Osseweijer - 2017 - Life Sciences, Society and Policy 13 (1):1-24.
    The concept of mutual responsiveness is currently based on little empirical data in the literature of Responsible Research and Innovation. This paper explores RRI’s idea of mutual responsiveness in the light of recent RRI case studies on private sector research and development. In RRI, responsible innovation is understood as a joint endeavour of innovators and societal stakeholders, who become mutually responsive to each other in defining the ‘right impacts’ of the innovation in society, and in steering the innovation towards realising (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  8. Collapse and the Varieties of Quantifier Variance.Matti Eklund - 2021 - In James Miller (ed.), The Language of Ontology.
    The aim of the paper is to bring clarity regarding the doctrine of quantifier variance (due to Eli Hirsch), and two prominent arguments against this doctrine, the collapse argument and the Eklund-Hawthorne argument. Different versions of the doctrine of quantifier variance are distinguished, and it is shown that the effectiveness of the arguments against it depends on what version of the doctrine is at issue. The metaontological significance of the different versions of the doctrine are also assessed. Roughly, quantifier variance (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  9. Being Metaphysically Unsettled: Barnes and Williams on Metaphysical Indeterminacy and Vagueness.Matti Eklund - 2011 - In Karen Bennett & Dean W. Zimmerman (eds.), Oxford Studies in Metaphysics Volume 6. Oxford University Press UK.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   11 citations  
  10. Music and the living brain.Matti Bergström - forthcoming - Acta Philosophica Fennica.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  11. Structuralism and the Interrogative Model of Inquiry.Matti Sintonen - 1996 - In Wolfgang Balzer & Carles Ulises Moulines (eds.), Structuralist theory of science: focal issues, new results. New York: Walter de Gruyter. pp. 45--47.
  12. The Role of Philosophers in Bioethics.Joona Räsänen & Matti Häyry - 2022 - American Journal of Bioethics 22 (12):58-60.
    Blumenthal-Barby et al. (2022) present a nuanced and convincing case for the continued presence of moral and political philosophers in bioethics. We agree with the authors that philosophers should have a role in bioethical inquiry. However, we partly disagree on what that role should be. We assess the case taking our clues from a concern the authors mention – and another one that they do not directly address.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  13.  29
    Theories or No Theories—Is Anything Evolving?Matti Häyry & Tuija Takala - 2024 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 33 (2):151-157.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  14.  10
    Exit Duty Generator.Matti Häyry - 2024 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 33 (2):217-231.
    This article presents a revised version of negative utilitarianism. Previous versions have relied on a hedonistic theory of value and stated that suffering should be minimized. The traditional rebuttal is that the doctrine in this form morally requires us to end all sentient life. To avoid this, a need-based theory of value is introduced. The frustration of the needs not to suffer and not to have one’s autonomy dwarfed should, prima facie, be decreased. When decreasing the need frustration of some (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  15.  47
    Another Look at Dignity.Matti Häyry - 2004 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 13 (1):7-14.
    With the considerable attention given to UNESCO's Universal Declaration on the Human Genome and Human Rights, the time has come to take another look at the concept of dignity, on which this document is morally founded. The term “dignity” now appears in many national constitutions and international bioethical statements. It has also become popular among Continental European ethicists, many of whom wish to challenge the particularly American and overtly individualistic principles of “autonomy,” “justice,” “beneficence,” and “nonmaleficence.” a.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   15 citations  
  16.  22
    Scratching the surface of bioethics.Matti Häyry & Tuija Takala (eds.) - 2003 - New York: Rodopi.
    WHAT IS BIOETHICS ALL ABOUT? A START Matti Hayry and Tuija Takala. A Start What is bioethics all about? Is it only about medicine, nursing, and healthcare? ...
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  17. Short literature notices.Matti Hayry Chadwick & Walter Glannon - 2004 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 7:347-357.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  18.  9
    The milieu: A chart of our margin of play.Matti Itkonen - 2002 - In Anna-Teresa Tymieniecka (ed.), The visible and the invisible in the interplay between philosophy, literature, and reality. Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 139--155.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  19.  12
    Postnarrativist philosophy of historiography.Jouni-Matti Kuukkanen - 2015 - New York: Palgrave-Macmillan.
    The narrativist insight -- From analytic philosophy of history to narrativism -- Three tenets of narrativist philosophy of historiography -- Representationalism and non-representationalism -- Reasoning in historiography -- Colligation -- Underdetermination and epistemic values -- From truth to warranted assertion -- The tri-partite theory of justification in historiography -- Historiography between objectivism and subjectivism -- Postnarrativist philosophy of historiography.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  20.  24
    The relation between the sense of agency and the experience of flow.Matti Vuorre & Janet Metcalfe - 2016 - Consciousness and Cognition 43:133-142.
  21. Metaontology.Matti Eklund - 2006 - Philosophy Compass 1 (3):317-334.
    Metaontology – the study of the nature of ontological issues – has flourished in recent years. The focus of this summary will be on some views and arguments that are central to today’s debate. One theme will be that of how seriously to take ontology: whether there is reason to take a skeptical or deflationary attitude toward ontological claims, as theorists like Rudolf Carnap, Hilary Putnam, and Eli Hirsch in different ways have urged. The other theme will be that of (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   32 citations  
  22. A Defense of Ethical Relativism.Matti Häyry - 2005 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 14 (1):7-12.
    Relativism is usually a derogatory word in philosophical bioethics in the West. If people make the mistake of trying to understand radically “different” points of view, an accusation of relativism is quickly forthcoming. But why should this be an accusation? My aim in this paper is to demonstrate that it should not.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  23. The Metametaphysics of Neo-Fregeanism.Matti Eklund - 2020 - In Ricki Bliss & James Miller (eds.), The Routledge Handbook of Metametaphysics. New York, NY: Routledge.
  24. Introduction: controversial arguments in bioethics.Joona Räsänen, Matti Häyry & Tuija Takala - 2023 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 44 (2):109-112.
  25. Normitulva: määrällisiä näkökohtia.Matti Wiberg - 2010 - In Kristian Klockars, Ilkka Niiniluoto & Kristina Rolin (eds.), Oikeus. University of Helsinki. pp. 2--177.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  26.  36
    “What’s that?” “What Went Wrong?” Positive and Negative Surprise and the Rostral–Ventral to Caudal–Dorsal Functional Gradient in the Brain.Mattie Tops & Maarten A. S. Boksem - 2012 - Frontiers in Psychology 3.
    Direct download (10 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  27.  14
    Ultimate Relativism.Matti Kamppinen & Antti Revonsuo - 1993 - In Consciousness, Cognitive Schemata, and Relativism. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 229--242.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   33 citations  
  28.  31
    What about investors? ESG analyses as tools for ethics-based AI auditing.Matti Minkkinen, Anniina Niukkanen & Matti Mäntymäki - 2024 - AI and Society 39 (1):329-343.
    Artificial intelligence (AI) governance and auditing promise to bridge the gap between AI ethics principles and the responsible use of AI systems, but they require assessment mechanisms and metrics. Effective AI governance is not only about legal compliance; organizations can strive to go beyond legal requirements by proactively considering the risks inherent in their AI systems. In the past decade, investors have become increasingly active in advancing corporate social responsibility and sustainability practices. Including nonfinancial information related to environmental, social, and (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  29. Les réformes socioreligieuses intervenues après la déposition de Rabban Gamaliel de la présidence de l'Académie de Yabneh.Matty Cohen - 1996 - Revue D'Histoire Et de Philosophie Religieuses 76 (4):397-414.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  30. Ségrégationnisme et intégrationisme comme mobiles sous-jacents à l'antinomie de Dt 14, 21 et Lv 17, 15-16.Matty Cohen - 1993 - Revue D'Histoire Et de Philosophie Religieuses 73 (2):113-129.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  31.  10
    Tieteellinen toiminta filosofisena ongelmana: tietoteoreettinen tarkastelu.Matti Vaittinen - 1984 - Jyväskylä: Terveystieteen laitos, Jyväskylän yliopisto.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  32. Philosophical Arguments for and Against Human Reproductive Cloning.Matti Häyry - 2003 - Bioethics 17 (5-6):447-460.
    ABSTRACT Can philosophers come up with persuasive reasons to allow or to ban human reproductive cloning? Yes. Can philosophers agree, locally and temporarily, which practices related to cloning should be condoned and which should be rejected? Some of them can. Can philosophers produce universally convincing arguments for or against different kinds of human cloning? No. This paper analyses some of the main arguments presented by philosophers in the cloning debate, and some of the most important objections against them. The clashes (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   12 citations  
  33.  24
    A model-based approach to social ontology.Matti Sarkia - 2021 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 52 (3):175-203.
    This paper argues for theoretical modeling and model-construction as central types of activities that philosophers of social ontology engage in. This claim is defended through a detailed case study and revisionary interpretation of Raimo Tuomela’s account of the we-perspective. My interpretation is grounded in Ronald Giere’s account of scientific models, and argued to be compatible with, but less demanding than Tuomela’s own description of his account as a philosophical theory of the social world. My approach is also suggested to be (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  34.  30
    Modeling intentional agency: a neo-Gricean framework.Matti Sarkia - 2021 - Synthese 199 (3-4):7003-7030.
    This paper analyzes three contrasting strategies for modeling intentional agency in contemporary analytic philosophy of mind and action, and draws parallels between them and similar strategies of scientific model-construction. Gricean modeling involves identifying primitive building blocks of intentional agency, and building up from such building blocks to prototypically agential behaviors. Analogical modeling is based on picking out an exemplary type of intentional agency, which is used as a model for other agential types. Theoretical modeling involves reasoning about intentional agency in (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  35.  8
    Durch den Glauben? Die Korrekturen Johann Arndts am Rechtfertigungsverständnis der frühesten Auflagen seines Wahren Christentums.Matti Repo - 2005 - In Udo Sträter (ed.), Interdisziplinäre Pietismusforschungen: Beiträge Zum Ersten Internationalen Kongress Für Pietismusforschung 2001. De Gruyter. pp. 109-120.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  36. Choosing Normative Concepts.Matti Eklund - 2017 - Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    The concepts we use to value and prescribe are historically contingent, and we could have found ourselves with others. But what does it mean to say that some concepts are better than others for purposes of action-guiding and deliberation? What is it to choose between different normative conceptual frameworks?
  37.  16
    Consciousness in Philosophy and Cognitive Neuroscience.Antti Revonsuo & Matti Kamppinen (eds.) - 1994 - Hillsdale, N.J.: Lawrence Erlbaum.
    Consciousness seems to be an enigmatic phenomenon: it is difficult to imagine how our perceptions of the world and our inner thoughts, sensations and feelings could be related to the immensely complicated biological organ we call the brain. This volume presents the thoughts of some of the leading philosophers and cognitive scientists who have recently participated in the discussion of the status of consciousness in science. The focus of inquiry is the question: "Is it possible to incorporate consciousness into science?" (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   69 citations  
  38.  25
    Phonotactic cues for segmentation of fluent speech by infants.Sven L. Mattys & Peter W. Jusczyk - 2001 - Cognition 78 (2):91-121.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   24 citations  
  39.  16
    Mechanistic Explanation, Interdisciplinary Integration and Interpersonal Social Coordination.Matti Sarkia - 2024 - Social Epistemology 38 (2):173-193.
    Prominent research programs dealing with the nature and mechanisms of interpersonal social coordination have emerged in cognitive science, developmental psychology and evolutionary anthropology. I argue that the mechanistic approach to explanation in contemporary philosophy of science can facilitate interdisciplinary integration and division of labor between these different disciplinary research programs. By distinguishing phenomenal models from mechanistic models and structural decomposition from functional decomposition in the process of mechanism discovery, I argue that behavioral and cognitive scientists can make interlocking contributions to (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  40.  53
    Minimalism and Maximalism in the Study of Shared Intentional Action.Matti Heinonen - 2016 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 46 (2):168-188.
    I distinguish two kinds of contribution that have been made by recent minimalist accounts of joint action in philosophy and cognitive science relative to established philosophical accounts of shared intentional action. The “complementarists” seek to analyze a functionally different kind of joint action from the kind of joint action that is analyzed by established philosophical accounts of shared intentional action. The “constitutionalists” seek to expose mechanisms that make performing joint actions possible, without taking a definite stance on which functional characterization (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  41.  17
    Liberal Utilitarianism and Applied Ethics.Matti Hayry - 1994 - New York: Routledge.
    _Liberal Utilitarianism and Applied Ethics_ explores the foundations of early utilitarianism and, at the same time, the theoretical bases of social ethics and policy in modern Western welfare states. Matti Hayry sees the main reason for utilitarianism's growing disrepute among moral philosophers is that its principles cannot legitimately be extended to situations where the basic needs of the individuals involved are in conflict. He is able to formulate a solution to this fundamental problem by arguing convincingly that by combining (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  42.  5
    Revolutionary Struggle for Existence: Introduction to Four Intriguing Puzzles in Virus Research.Matti Jalasvuori - 2012 - In Witzany (ed.), Viruses: Essential Agents of Life. Springer. pp. 1--19.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  43.  25
    Subjective effort derives from a neurological monitor of performance costs and physiological resources.Mattie Tops, Maarten As Boksem & Sander L. Koole - 2013 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (6):703-704.
  44.  90
    Commentary: Intranasal Oxytocin Treatment Increases Eye-Gaze Behavior toward the Owner in Ancient Japanese Dog Breeds.Mattie Tops, Stephan C. J. Huijbregts & Femke T. A. Buisman-Pijlman - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  45.  13
    The “g” in Faking: Doublethink the Validity of Personality Self-Report Measures for Applicant Selection.Mattis Geiger, Sally Olderbak, Ramona Sauter & Oliver Wilhelm - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  46.  1
    Arguments and Analysis in Bioethics.Matti Häyry, Tuija Takala, Peter Herissone-Kelly & Gardar Árnason (eds.) - 2010 - Brill | Rodopi.
    Is there any justification for the common practice of allocating expensive medical resources to rescue a few from rare diseases, when those resources could be used to treat devastating diseases that affect the many? Does the use of Prozac and other anti-depressants make us inauthentic beings? Is it immoral and irrational to have children? What is the force of examples and counterexamples in bioethics? What are the relevance of moral intuition and the role of empirical evidence in bioethical argument? What (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  47.  41
    Dissecting Bioethics.Matti Häyry & Tuija Takala - 2004 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 13 (1):3-5.
    Many bioethical disputes are conceptual. This means that people quarrel about the use of words that they see as important. The underlying idea is that whoever wins the verbal argument will also be ethically right.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  48.  53
    Precaution and solidarity.Matti Häyry - 2005 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 14 (2):199-206.
    Health care services are constantly assessed by their ability to accommodate values popular in contemporary societies. Autonomy, justice, and human dignity have for some time been among such values in the affluent West. Relative newcomers in the field are the notions of and which seem to attract, in particular, Continental European ethicists. a.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   14 citations  
  49.  42
    Two approaches to naturalistic social ontology.Matti Sarkia & Tuukka Kaidesoja - 2023 - Synthese 201 (3):1-28.
    Social ontological inquiry has been pursued in analytic philosophy as well as in the social scientific tradition of critical realism. These traditions have remained largely separate despite partly overlapping concerns and similar underlying strategies of argumentation. They have also both been the subject of similar criticisms based on naturalistic approaches to the philosophy of science, which have addressed their apparent reliance on a transcendental mode of reasoning, their seeming distance from social scientific practice, and their (erroneous?) tendency to advocate global (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  50.  10
    Liberal Utilitarianism and Applied Ethics.Matti Hayry - 1994 - New York: Routledge.
    _Liberal Utilitarianism and Applied Ethics_ explores the foundations of early utilitarianism and, at the same time, the theoretical bases of social ethics and policy in modern Western welfare states. Matti Hayry sees the main reason for utilitarianism's growing disrepute among moral philosophers is that its principles cannot legitimately be extended to situations where the basic needs of the individuals involved are in conflict. He is able to formulate a solution to this fundamental problem by arguing convincingly that by combining (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
1 — 50 / 594