Results for 'Matti Wilks'

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  1. Children prioritize humans over animals less than adults do.Matti Wilks, Lucius Caviola, Guy Kahane & Paul Bloom - 2021 - Psychological Science 1 (32):27-38.
    Is the tendency to morally prioritize humans over animals weaker in children than adults? In two pre-registered studies (N = 622), 5- to 9-year-old children and adults were presented with moral dilemmas pitting varying numbers of humans against varying numbers of either dogs or pigs and were asked who should be saved. In both studies, children had a weaker tendency to prioritize humans over animals than adults. They often chose to save multiple dogs over one human, and many valued the (...)
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  2.  33
    Matti Sintonen, Review of Error and the Growth of Experimental Knowledge by Deborah Mayo. [REVIEW]Matti Sintonen - 1998 - Philosophy of Science 65 (2):370-372.
  3.  51
    More Brain Lesions: Kathleen V. Wilkes.Kathleen V. Wilkes - 1980 - Philosophy 55 (214):455 - 470.
    As philosophers of mind we seem to hold in common no very clear view about the relevance that work in psychology or the neurosciences may or may not have to our own favourite questions—even if we call the subject ‘philosophical psychology’. For example, in the literature we find articles on pain some of which do, some of which don't, rely more or less heavily on, for example, the work of Melzack and Wall; the puzzle cases used so extensively in discussions (...)
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  4. Scary God: introducing the fear of the Lord to the postmodern church.Mattie Montgomery - 2018 - Nashville: Emanate Books.
    Discover the great wonder and wild freedom the fear of the Lord can bring. What does the Bible mean when it says we are to fear God' Is it difficult for you to reconcile the two sides of God's nature'His wrath and His love' Mattie Montgomery teaches that a right pursuit of the fear, fire, and fullness of God can lead you into the knowledge of a side of God you may never have imagined before. He notes that the fear (...)
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  5.  47
    Matti Eklund, Choosing Normative Concepts.Krister Bykvist & Jonas Olson - 2019 - Utilitas 31 (3):343-347.
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  6.  56
    Liberal Utilitarianism and Applied Ethics.Matti Hayry - 1994 - Routledge.
    _Liberal Utilitarianism and Applied Ethics_ explores the foundations of early utilitarianism and, at the same time, the theoretical bases of social ethics and policy in modern Western welfare states. Matti Hayry sees the main reason for utilitarianism's growing disrepute among moral philosophers is that its principles cannot legitimately be extended to situations where the basic needs of the individuals involved are in conflict. He is able to formulate a solution to this fundamental problem by arguing convincingly that by combining (...)
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  7. Wilkes, Kathleen V., "Real People: Personal Idenity without Thought Experiments". [REVIEW]Brennan Andrew - 1990 - Mind 99:305.
     
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  8.  9
    The relation between the sense of agency and the experience of flow.Matti Vuorre & Janet Metcalfe - 2016 - Consciousness and Cognition 43:133-142.
  9.  2
    Liberal Utilitarianism and Applied Ethics.Matti Hayry - 1994 - Routledge.
    _Liberal Utilitarianism and Applied Ethics_ explores the foundations of early utilitarianism and, at the same time, the theoretical bases of social ethics and policy in modern Western welfare states. Matti Hayry sees the main reason for utilitarianism's growing disrepute among moral philosophers is that its principles cannot legitimately be extended to situations where the basic needs of the individuals involved are in conflict. He is able to formulate a solution to this fundamental problem by arguing convincingly that by combining (...)
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  10. Liberal Utilitarianism and Applied Ethics.Matti Hayry - 1994 - Routledge.
    _Liberal Utilitarianism and Applied Ethics_ explores the foundations of early utilitarianism and, at the same time, the theoretical bases of social ethics and policy in modern Western welfare states. Matti Hayry sees the main reason for utilitarianism's growing disrepute among moral philosophers is that its principles cannot legitimately be extended to situations where the basic needs of the individuals involved are in conflict. He is able to formulate a solution to this fundamental problem by arguing convincingly that by combining (...)
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  11.  4
    Ultimate Relativism.Matti Kamppinen & Antti Revonsuo - 1993 - In Consciousness, Cognitive Schemata, and Relativism. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 229--242.
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  12.  9
    Computational Semantics: An Introduction to Artificial Intelligence and Natural Language Comprehension.Eugene Charniak & Yorick Wilks (eds.) - 1976 - Distributors for the U.S.A. And Canada, Elsevier/North Holland.
    Linguistics. Artificial intelligence. Related fields. Computation.
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  13. Music and the living brain.Matti Bergström - forthcoming - Acta Philosophica Fennica.
     
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  14. Wilkes: Physicalism. [REVIEW]Jean Grimshaw - 1979 - Radical Philosophy 23:35.
     
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  15. Ethnocomputing: ICT in cultural and social context.Matti Tedre, Erkki Sutinen, Esko Kähkönen & Piet Kommers - 2006 - Communications of the Acm 49 (1):126--130.
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  16.  11
    Modeling intentional agency: a neo-Gricean framework.Matti Sarkia - 2021 - Synthese 199 (3-4):7003-7030.
    This paper analyzes three contrasting strategies for modeling intentional agency in contemporary analytic philosophy of mind and action, and draws parallels between them and similar strategies of scientific model-construction. Gricean modeling involves identifying primitive building blocks of intentional agency, and building up from such building blocks to prototypically agential behaviors. Analogical modeling is based on picking out an exemplary type of intentional agency, which is used as a model for other agential types. Theoretical modeling involves reasoning about intentional agency in (...)
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  17. Matti Itkonen.Once I. Was & A. Philosophical Excursion - 2009 - In Anna-Teresa Tymieniecka (ed.), Existence, Historical Fabulation, Destiny. Springer Verlag. pp. 99--155.
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  18. Normitulva: määrällisiä näkökohtia.Matti Wiberg - 2010 - In Kristian Klockars, Ilkka Niiniluoto & Kristina Rolin (eds.), Oikeus. University of Helsinki. pp. 2--177.
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  19.  14
    Attitudes towards unethical behaviours in organizational settings: an empirical study.Daniela Carvalho Wilks - 2011 - Ethics.
    Employee misconduct is prevalent in organizations and may be counterproductive in social and material terms. It is thus important to better understand how misconduct is construed by employees and the factors that determine its ethical acceptability in specific cases. This study explores attitudes towards unethical and minor deviant behaviours by examining the degree of acquiescence towards them in a sample of employees. Based on previous studies it was hypothesized that both organizational commitment and job satisfaction would be negatively related to (...)
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  20.  79
    Choosing Normative Concepts.Matti Eklund - 2017 - Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    The concepts we use to value and prescribe are historically contingent, and we could have found ourselves with others. But what does it mean to say that some concepts are better than others for purposes of action-guiding and deliberation? What is it to choose between different normative conceptual frameworks?
  21.  13
    Divine dna? “Secular” and “religious” representations of science in nonfiction science television programs.Will Mason-Wilkes - 2020 - Zygon 55 (1):6-26.
  22. Metaontology.Matti Eklund - 2006 - Philosophy Compass 1 (3):317-334.
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  23.  16
    Trust, Business Ethics and Crime Prevention – Corporate Criminal Liability in Finland.Matti Tolvanen - 2009 - Jurisprudencija: Mokslo darbu žurnalas 115 (1):335-358.
    According to the Finnish Penal Code a corporation may be sentenced to a corporate fine if a person who is part of its statutory organ or other management or who exercises actual decision-making authority therein 1) has been an accomplice in an offence or allowed the commission of the offence, or 2) if the care and diligence necessary for the prevention of the offence has not been observed in the operations of the corporation. Criminal liability of legal persons is based (...)
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  24.  54
    Rationality and the Genetic Challenge: Making People Better?Matti Häyry - 2010 - Cambridge University Press.
    Machine generated contents note: 1. Seven ways of making people better; 2. Rational approaches to the genetic challenge; 3. The best babies and parental responsibility; 4. Deaf embryos, morality, and the law; 5. Saviour siblings and treating people as a means; 6. Reproductive cloning and designing human beings; 7. Embryonic stem cells, vulnerability, and sanctity; 8. Gene therapies, hopes, and fears; 9. Considerable life extension and the meaning of life; 10. Taking the genetic challenge rationally.
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  25.  29
    Knowledge and Inquiry: Essays on Jaakko Hintikka’s Epistemology and Philosophy of Science.Matti Sintonen (ed.) - 1997 - Brill | Rodopi.
    Contents: Matti SINTONEN: From the Science of Logic to the Logic of Science. I: HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVES. Zev BECHLER: Hintikka on Plenitude in Aristotle. Marja-Liisa KAKKURI-KNUUTTILA: What Can the Sciences of Man Learn from Aristotle? Martin KUSCH: Theories of Questions in German-Speaking Philosophy Around the Turn of the Century. Nils-Eric SAHLIN: 'HE IS NO GOOD FOR MY WORK': On the Philosophical Relations between Ramsey and Wittgenstein. II: FORMAL TOOLS: INDUCTION, OBSERVATION AND IDENTIFIABILITY. Theo A.F. KUIPERS: The Carnap-Hintikka Programme in Inductive (...)
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  26. The Set of Schemata of C-Valid Equations Between Regular Expressions is Independent of the Basic Alphabet.Matti Linna - 1970 - Turku [Finland]Turun Yliopisto.
  27. Proceedings of COLING 94.Yorick Wilks (ed.) - 1994 - Kyoto:
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  28. WILKES, K. V., "Physicalism". [REVIEW]E. W. Prior - 1980 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 58:423.
     
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  29.  5
    Matti Häyry, Tuija Takala, Peter Herissone-Kelly and Gardar Árnason, eds. , Arguments and Analysis in Bioethics . Reviewed by.Christopher A. Pynes - 2011 - Philosophy in Review 31 (3):209-212.
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  30.  3
    Consciousness in Philosophy and Cognitive Neuroscience.Antti Revonsuo & Matti Kamppinen (eds.) - 1994 - Lawrence Erlbaum.
    Consciousness seems to be an enigmatic phenomenon: it is difficult to imagine how our perceptions of the world and our inner thoughts, sensations and feelings could be related to the immensely complicated biological organ we call the brain. This volume presents the thoughts of some of the leading philosophers and cognitive scientists who have recently participated in the discussion of the status of consciousness in science. The focus of inquiry is the question: "Is it possible to incorporate consciousness into science?" (...)
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  31.  8
    The Pragmatics of Scientific Explanation.Matti Sintonen - 1984 - Academic Bookstore [Distributor].
  32. Computing as a Science: A Survey of Competing Viewpoints. [REVIEW]Matti Tedre - 2011 - Minds and Machines 21 (3):361-387.
    Since the birth of computing as an academic discipline, the disciplinary identity of computing has been debated fiercely. The most heated question has concerned the scientific status of computing. Some consider computing to be a natural science and some consider it to be an experimental science. Others argue that computing is bad science, whereas some say that computing is not a science at all. This survey article presents viewpoints for and against computing as a science. Those viewpoints are analyzed against (...)
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  33.  1
    Kathy Wilkes at the Inter-University Centre Dubrovnik.Nada Bruer Ljubišić - 2022 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 22 (66):293-302.
    The text presents the activities of Dr. Kathleen Vaughan Wilkes, a philosopher from the University of Oxford in the Inter-University Centre Dubrovnik (IUC) from the beginning of the 1980s to the end of the millennium. Dr. Wilkes was co-directing the longest standing IUC course Philosophy of Science, but she also initiated other IUC academic programmes. As a member of the IUC governing bodies, she was highly engaged in securing scholarships for participants from Central and East Europe in IUC programmes, mostly (...)
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  34.  14
    Scratching the Surface of Bioethics.Matti Häyry & Tuija Takala (eds.) - 2003 - Rodopi.
    WHAT IS BIOETHICS ALL ABOUT? A START Matti Hayry and Tuija Takala. A Start What is bioethics all about? Is it only about medicine, nursing, and healthcare? ...
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  35. Consciousness, Cognitive Schemata, and Relativism.Matti Kamppinen (ed.) - 1993 - Kluwer Academic Publishers.
    The purpose of this book is to illustrate how empirical and conceptual problems interact in modern cognitive science. A multidisciplinary approach encourages us to redraw the boundaries between conceptual and empirical research. The pervading theme is the distinction between ontology and phenomenology. Part I, Cognitive models of consciousness, reviews and evaluates the contemporary discussion concerning consciousness. We suggest that the first-person, phenomenological point of view should be preserved in theories of consciousness. Part II, Cognitive schemata, deals with methodological issues, especially (...)
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  36. Stable perception of visually ambiguous patterns.David A. Leopold, Melanie Wilke, Alexander Maier & Nikos K. Logothetis - 2002 - Nature Neuroscience 5 (6):605-609.
    Correspondence should be addressed to David A. Leopold [email protected] the viewing of certain patterns, widely known as ambiguous or puzzle figures, perception lapses into a sequence of spontaneous alternations, switching every few seconds between two or more visual interpretations of the stimulus. Although their nature and origin remain topics of debate, these stochastic switches are generally thought to be the automatic and inevitable consequence of viewing a pattern without a unique solution. We report here that in humans such perceptual alternations (...)
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  37.  15
    Joachim Wilke, Jean-Marc Gabaude & Michel Vadee . Les chemins de a raison.The Editors - 1998 - Bulletin de la Société Américaine de Philosophie de Langue Française 10 (1):64b.
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  38. Intuitions, Conceptual Engineering, and Conceptual Fixed Points.Matti Eklund - 2015 - In Christopher Daly (ed.), The Palgrave Handbook of Philosophical Methods.
  39. The evolution of the psychosemiosis in the psychic development of the child.Matti Keinaè Nen - 2001 - Semiotica 135 (1/4):25-39.
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  40. Kathy Wilkes, Teleology, and the Explanation of Behaviour.Denis Noble - 2022 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 22 (66):313-325.
    Kathy Wilkes contributed to two books on Goal-directed Behaviour and Modelling the Mind based on interdisciplinary graduate classes at Oxford during the 1980s. In this article, I assess her contributions to those discussions. She championed the school of philosophers who prefer problem dissolution to problem-solution. She also addressed the problem of realism in psychology. But the contribution that has turned out to be most relevant to subsequent work was her idea that in modelling the mind, we might need to “use (...)
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  41. Les réformes socioreligieuses intervenues après la déposition de Rabban Gamaliel de la présidence de l'Académie de Yabneh.Matty Cohen - 1996 - Revue D'Histoire Et de Philosophie Religieuses 76 (4):397-414.
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  42. Ségrégationnisme et intégrationisme comme mobiles sous-jacents à l'antinomie de Dt 14, 21 et Lv 17, 15-16.Matty Cohen - 1993 - Revue D'Histoire Et de Philosophie Religieuses 73 (2):113-129.
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  43. Principles in Building a Research Model for Empirical Investigation of the Instructional Process.Matti Koskenniemi - 1972 - Paideia 2:107-113.
     
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  44.  11
    Cognitive schemata.Matti Kamppinen - 1993 - In Consciousness, Cognitive Schemata, and Relativism. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 133--168.
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  45.  8
    Phonotactic cues for segmentation of fluent speech by infants.Sven L. Mattys & Peter W. Jusczyk - 2001 - Cognition 78 (2):91-121.
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  46.  17
    Explanation: in search of the rationale.Matti Sintonen - 1989 - In Philip Kitcher & Wesley Salmon (eds.), Scientific Explanation. Univ of Minnesota Pr. pp. 13--253.
  47.  12
    How Implicit Assumptions on the Nature of Trust Shape the Understanding of the Blockchain Technology.Mattis Jacobs - 2021 - Philosophy and Technology 34 (3):573-587.
    The role that trust plays in blockchain-based systems is understood and portrayed in various manners. The blockchain technology is said to enable and establish trust as well as to redirect it, to substitute for it, and to make it obsolete. Furthermore, there is disagreement on whom or what users have to trust when using the blockchain technology: code, math, algorithms, and machines, or still human actors. This paper hypothesizes that the divergences of the depictions largely rest on implicitly adhering to (...)
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  48. Carnap and ontological pluralism.Matti Eklund - 2009 - In David Chalmers, David Manley & Ryan Wasserman (eds.), Metametaphysics: New Essays on the Foundations of Ontology. Oxford University Press. pp. 130--56.
    My focus here will be Rudolf Carnap’s views on ontology, as these are presented in the seminal “Empiricism, Semantics and Ontology” (1950). I will first describe how I think Carnap’s distinction between external and internal questions is best understood. Then I will turn to broader issues regarding Carnap’s views on ontology. With certain reservations, I will ascribe to Carnap an ontological pluralist position roughly similar to the positions of Eli Hirsch and the later Hilary Putnam. Then I turn to some (...)
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  49.  5
    Joachim Wilke, Jean-Marc Gabaude & Michel VaDéE Editeurs, Les chemins de la raison XXe siècle: La France à recherche de sa pensée.The Editors - 1999 - Bulletin de la Société Américaine de Philosophie de Langue Française 11 (2):92b.
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  50. Structuralism and the Interrogative Model of Inquiry.Matti Sintonen - 1996 - In Wolfgang Balzer & C. Ulises Moulines (eds.), Structuralist Theory of Science: Focal Issues, New Results. De Gruyter. pp. 45--47.
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