Results for 'Masking'

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  1. Black Skin, White Masks [1952] Frantz Fanon.White Masks - 2007 - In Craig J. Calhoun (ed.), Contemporary Sociological Theory. Blackwell. pp. 2--337.
  2. Frantz Fanon, World Revolutionary.White Masks - 1999 - In Nigel C. Gibson (ed.), Rethinking Fanon: the continuing dialogue. Amherst, N.Y.: Humanity Books. pp. 103.
  3.  11
    „Umma – Be part of it!“: Vergemeinschaftung und soziale Grenzziehungen in der pop-islamischen Jugendkultur in Deutschland.Verena Maske - 2019 - Zeitschrift für Religionswissenschaft 27 (1):103-124.
    Zusammenfassung Der vorliegende Beitrag analysiert die Bedeutung der Idee der umma in der „Muslimischen Jugend in Deutschland e. V.“ und der sie umgebenden pop-islamischen Szene entlang der Frage sozialer Grenzziehungsprozesse. Es soll gezeigt werden, dass soziale Grenzen nicht nur durch Zuschreibungs- und Exklusionsprozesse von außen konstruiert, sondern auch entlang von gemeinschaftsbildenden Identifikationsprozessen junger Musliminnen und Muslime hergestellt werden. Indem individuelle und kollektive Bedeutungen der Umma im Kontext des Untersuchungsfeldes erfasst werden, werden Prozesse der Vergemeinschaftung ebenso in den Blick genommen wie (...)
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  4. The True Gods of Sound and Stone.John Giordano, Phra Phirap Mask Made by Phra & Siriphong Kharuphankit - 2009 - Budhi: A Journal of Ideas and Culture 13 (1-3).
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  5. The fact of blackness Frantz Fanon.White Masks Skin - 1999 - In Jessica Evans & Stuart Hall (eds.), Visual Culture: The Reader. Sage Publications in Association with the Open University.
     
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  6.  4
    MediaanaRiten: Maske und Modell.Hans Peter Weber - 2002 - Marburg: Tectum. Edited by Bernd Ternes & Herbert Neidhöfer.
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  7.  12
    Masking Emotions: Face Masks Impair How We Read Emotions.Monica Gori, Lucia Schiatti & Maria Bianca Amadeo - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12:669432.
    To date, COVID-19 has spread across the world, changing our way of life and forcing us to wear face masks. This report demonstrates that face masks influence the human ability to infer emotions by observing facial configurations. Specifically, a mask obstructing a face limits the ability of people of all ages to infer emotions expressed by facial features, but the difficulties associated with the mask’s use are significantly pronounced in children aged between 3 and 5 years old. These findings are (...)
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  8.  61
    Masks, Interferers, Finks, and Mimickers: A Novel Approach.Michele Paolini Paoletti - 2021 - Theoria 87 (3):813-836.
    Masks, interferers, finks, reverse finks, and mimickers are troublesome for powers metaphysics insofar as the latter concedes that there are powers with essential stimuli/activation conditions. In this article, I aim at offering a novel approach for solving this problem. In Section 1, I shall present the problem; and in Section 2, I shall briefly show how it also arises within non‐reductive views of powers. Subsequently, in Section 3, I shall examine the failure of the ceteris paribus solution. The pars construens (...)
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  9.  48
    On masks and masking: epistemic harms and science communication.Kristen Intemann & Inmaculada de Melo-Martín - 2023 - Synthese 202 (3):1-17.
    During emerging public health crises, both policymakers and members of the public are looking to scientific experts to provide guidance. Even in cases where there are significant uncertainties, there is pressure for experts to “speak with one voice” to avoid confusion, allow officials to make evidence-based decisions rapidly, and encourage public support for such decisions. This can lead experts to engage in masking of information about the state of the science or regarding assumptions involved in policy recommendations. Although experts (...)
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  10. Masked Abilities and Compatibilism.M. Fara - 2008 - Mind 117 (468):843-865.
    An object's disposition to A in circumstances C is masked if circumstances C obtain without the object Aing. This paper explores an analogous sense in which abilities can be masked, and it uses the results of this exploration to motivate an analysis of agents' abilities in terms of dispositions. This analysis is then shown to provide the resources to defend a version of the Principle of Alternate Possibilities against Frankfurt-style counterexamples. Although this principle is often taken to be congenial to (...)
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  11.  15
    Masked Covid life: a socio-semiotic investigation.Sarah Marusek, Anne Wagner & Aleksandra Matulewska - 2022 - Semiotica 2022 (247):55-85.
    The necessity of wearing masks in response to the spread of the Covid-19 took Europe and the USA by surprise. Legislation needed to be enacted to enforce the obligation on citizens not used to such practices. The authors investigate the semiotic function of masks, legislations enacted to enforce their usage in public places, and the mask-related discourse with a view to seeing how societies reacted to this imposition. A broad semiotic perspective is provided to analyze different attitudes and types of (...)
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  12.  4
    Visual Masking: Time Slices Through Conscious and Unconscious Vision.Bruno Breitmeyer & Haluk Öğmen - 2006 - Oxford University Press UK.
    Our visual system can process information at both conscious and unconscious levels. Understanding the factors that control whether a stimulus reaches our awareness, and the fate of those stimuli that remain at an unconscious level, are the major challenges of brain science in the new millennium. Since its publication in 1984, Visual Masking has established itself as a classic text in the field of cognitive psychology. In the years since, there have been considerable advances in the cognitive neurosciences, and (...)
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  13.  87
    Visual Masking: Time Slices Through Conscious and Unconscious Vision (2nd Ed.).Bruno G. Breitmeyer & Haluk Ögmen - 2006 - Oxford University Press.
    This new edition uses the technique of visual masking to explore temporal aspects of conscious and unconscious processes down to a resolution in the...
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  14. Relaxing Mask Mandates in New Jersey: A Tale of Two Universities.Wesley J. Park - 2022 - Voices in Bioethics 8.
    The ethical question is whether university mask mandates should be relaxed. I argue that the use of face masks by healthy individuals has uncertain benefits, which potential harms may outweigh, and should therefore be voluntary. Systematic reviews by the World Health Organization (WHO) and Cochrane Acute Respiratory Infections concluded that the use of face masks by healthy individuals in the community lacks effectiveness in reducing viral transmission based on moderate-quality evidence. The only two randomized controlled trials of face masks published (...)
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  15.  22
    Backward masking and interference with the processing of brief visual displays.Vincent Di Lollo, D. G. Lowe & J. P. Scott - 1974 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 103 (5):934.
  16. Masks, Finks, and Gender.Gus Turyn - forthcoming - Erkenntnis:1-34.
    According to the dispositional account of gender, to have a gender is to have some set of behavioral dispositions. Robin Dembroff (2020) levels a strong objection to Jennifer McKitrick’s (2015) dispositional view of gender, arguing that it can neither capture the extension of genderqueer identities nor treat them with the respect that they warrant. In this paper, I offer a defense of the dispositional view against these charges. I argue that accounts of dispositions tailored to deal with masks and finks—phenomena (...)
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  17. Masking disagreement among experts.John Beatty - 2006 - Episteme 3 (1-2):52-67.
    There are many reasons why scientific experts may mask disagreement and endorse a position publicly as “jointly accepted.” In this paper I consider the inner workings of a group of scientists charged with deciding not only a technically difficult issue, but also a matter of social and political importance: the maximum acceptable dose of radiation. I focus on how, in this real world situation, concerns with credibility, authority, and expertise shaped the process by which this group negotiated the competing virtues (...)
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  18.  17
    The mask of enlightenment: Nietzsche's Zarathustra.Stanley Rosen - 1995 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    The Mask of Enlightenment is the most detailed textual and thematic study of Nietzsche's most important but least understood works: Thus Spake Zarathustra. In this book Nietzsche was laying the groundwork for a fundamental philosophical and political revolution on a global scale. One of the difficulties that the text poses is Nietzsche's prophetic style; Stanley Rosen unweaves the complex threads that form the rhetorical voices of the work, and so explains the style in an accessible manner. He rejects recent sceptical, (...)
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  19. To Mask or Not to Mask.Hsiang-Yun Chen, Li-an Yu & Linus Ta-Lun Huang - 2021 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 25 (3):503-512.
    Reluctance to adopt mask-wearing as a preventive measure is widely observed in many Western societies since the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemics. This reluctance toward mask adoption, like any other complex social phenomena, will have multiple causes. Plausible explanations have been identified, including political polarization, skepticism about media reports and the authority of public health agencies, and concerns over liberty, amongst others. In this paper, we propose potential explanations hitherto unnoticed, based on the framework of epistemic injustice. We show how (...)
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  20.  89
    Masking Disagreement among Experts.John Beatty - 2006 - Episteme 3 (1-2):52-67.
    There are many reasons why scientific experts may mask disagreement and endorse a position publicly as “jointly accepted.” In this paper I consider the inner workings of a group of scientists charged with deciding not only a technically difficult issue, but also a matter of social and political importance: the maximum acceptable dose of radiation. I focus on how, in this real world situation, concerns with credibility, authority, and expertise shaped the process by which this group negotiated the competing virtues (...)
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  21.  33
    Masking the Abject: A Genealogy of Play.Mechthild Nagel - 2002 - Latham, MD, USA: Lexington Books.
    Masking the Abject traces the beginnings of the malediction of play in Western metaphysics to Aristotle. Mechthild Nagel's innovative study demonstrates how play has served as a 'castaway' in western philosophical thinking: It is considered to be repulsive and loathsome, yet also fascinating and desirable. The book illustrates how play 'succeeds' and proliferates after Hegel—despite its denunciation by classical philosophers—entering Marxist, phenomenological, postmodern, and feminist discourses. This work provides the reader with a superb analyisis of how the distinction between (...)
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  22.  6
    Masking: Response-ability, in Unsteady, Broken Breaths.Jack Wallace - 2020 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 53 (3):336-343.
    ABSTRACT A reflection on the “mask,” as a question of response and responsibility in the midst of the COVID-19 pandemic.
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  23.  34
    Masked Priming in a Semantic Selection Task Reveals 'Feeling of Knowing' Experiences but No Subliminal Perception.R. Dongart & S. Kyllingsbæk - 2019 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 26 (5-6):6-34.
    In a masked priming experimental paradigm, we studied a possible subliminal perception effect on a semantic selection task. To gauge the degree to which subjects solved the SST consciously, they subsequently reported their level of confidence of having made a correct response. This was done on each trial, and the subjects used individually constructed category rating scales to do so, in order to achieve a more sensitive measurement of which trials were influenced by conscious processes. During the construction of these (...)
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  24.  11
    Masks, mechanisms and Covid-19: the limitations of randomized trials in pandemic policymaking.Seán M. Muller - 2021 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 43 (2):1-5.
    Reluctance to endorse mask wearing to slow transmission of SARS-Cov-2 has been rationalized by the failure of randomized control trials (RCTs) to provide supportive evidence. In contrast, a mechanism-based approach suggests that mask wearing should be expected to reduce transmission: so that contrary evidence from RCTs likely reflects the need to focus policy attention on addressing interacting or mediating factors that offset the basic positive effect. The differing conclusions that result from these two approaches reflect the limitations of RCT-based approaches (...)
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  25.  61
    Names, Masks, and Double Vision.Michael Rieppel - 2017 - Ergo: An Open Access Journal of Philosophy 4.
    Cumming (2008) argues that his Masked Ball problem undermines Millianism, and that we must instead treat names as variables. However, although the Masked Ball does pose a problem for the Millian given a standard view about the meaning of `believes', that view faces difficulties for independent reasons. I develop a novel ``neo Kaplanian'' attitude semantics to address this problem, and go on to show that with this alternative semantics in hand, the Millian is quite capable of accounting for the Masked (...)
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  26.  3
    Activist masks in the Latin American social protest.Baal Delupi - 2023 - Semiotica 2023 (255):117-129.
    Masks, balaclavas, eye masks, and various accessories have been consistently used to hide the face, from Greek times through the grotesque of the Middle Ages to the Latin American theatre festivals of the 1980s. In the twenty-first century, technological advances such as facial recognition, which are being used for the biopolitical control of the face, caused activists to start developing different mechanisms to cover their faces in public spaces. In other words, the mask is not used solely as a device (...)
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  27.  6
    (Un)mask yourself! Effects of face masks on facial mimicry and emotion perception during the COVID-19 pandemic.Till Kastendieck, Stephan Zillmer & Ursula Hess - 2022 - Cognition and Emotion 36 (1):59-69.
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  28.  5
    Mask archetype in contemporary scenic image.Jozef Ovečka - 2013 - Human Affairs 23 (1):75-80.
    The author takes the contemporary theatre performance of Mátohy [The Spooks] and maps out the use of original folk theatre masks in a new theatrical context. He describes and characterizes the changes that occur as a consequence of transposing folk masks from their traditional environment to the contemporary stage.
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  29.  28
    Masked stimuli modulate endogenous shifts of spatial attention.Simon Palmer & Uwe Mattler - 2013 - Consciousness and Cognition 22 (2):486-503.
    Unconscious stimuli can influence participants’ motor behavior but also more complex mental processes. Recent research has gradually extended the limits of effects of unconscious stimuli. One field of research where such limits have been proposed is spatial cueing, where exogenous automatic shifts of attention have been distinguished from endogenous controlled processes which govern voluntary shifts of attention. Previous evidence suggests unconscious effects on mechanisms of exogenous shifts of attention. Here, we applied a cue-priming paradigm to a spatial cueing task with (...)
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  30.  14
    Backward masking and models of perceptual processing.Naomi Weisstein - 1966 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 72 (2):232.
  31. Wearing Masks in COVID-19 Pandemic, the Precautionary Principle, and the Relationships between Individual Responsibility and Group Solidarity.Darryl Macer - 2020 - Eubios Journal of Asian and International Bioethics 30 (4):129-132.
    This paper argues that a number of medical professionals, medical authorities, governments and the World Health Organization, have acted unethically during the COVID-19 epidemic and pandemic by advising members of the public not to wear masks to protect their own health and the health of those around them. Although by April 2020 most authorities have changed their advice to recommend or even compel citizens to wear face coverings and masks when in public, we need to examine the question of failed (...)
     
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  32.  6
    Mask Mandates and Dilemmas of Disability Difference.Kevin Mintz & Leslie Francis - 2022 - Hastings Center Report 52 (4):4-5.
    A number of recent legal cases in the United States have considered both disability‐based exceptions to Covid‐19‐related mask mandates and disability‐based claims to stronger masking rules in states restricting the abilities of local governments to enforce mask mandates. We argue that a proper legal and ethical analysis of such cases requires understanding the distinction between disability accommodations and disability modifications. Disability accommodations are individualized adjustments that enable qualified individuals to perform jobs or achieve access on terms comparable to those (...)
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  33. The Logic of the Mask: Nietzsche's Depth as Surface.Amie Leigh Zimmer - 2018 - Agonist: A Nietzsche Circle Journal 12 (1).
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  34.  8
    A Masked Truth? Public Discussions about Face Masks on a French Health Forum.Madeleine Akrich & Franck Cochoy - 2023 - Minerva 61 (3):315-334.
    By analyzing the discussion on a health forum, we examine how wearing sanitary masks during the Covid-19 pandemic changed people’s lives and what adjustments were required. During our review, we encountered theories referred to by participants as “conspiracy theories” that led to heated exchanges on the forum. Surprisingly, these interactions promoted, rather than prevented, collective exploration and resulted in a rich discussion of the issues related to wearing masks. Using a combination of quantitative and qualitative methods, we first analyze the (...)
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  35.  22
    Masking Disagreement among Experts.John Beatty - 2006 - Episteme: A Journal of Social Epistemology 3 (1):52-67.
  36.  13
    Visual masking in multielement displays.Charles W. Eriksen & John Rohrbaugh - 1970 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 83 (1p1):147.
  37.  35
    Masks and the Space of Play.Pascal Massie - 2018 - Research in Phenomenology 48 (1):119-146.
    _ Source: _Volume 48, Issue 1, pp 119 - 146 Masks are devices and symbols. In the first instance, they are artifacts that allow opposite poles to take each other’s place. They split the world into appearance and reality, manifest and repressed, sacred and profane. In this sense, they are dualistic. But by so doing they invert these terms. In this sense, they are dialectical. In the second instance, they exemplify doubt about people’s identities and the veracity of their words; (...)
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  38.  36
    Backward masking of conditioned stimuli: Effects on differential and single-cue classical conditioning performance.Leonard E. Ross, M. Cecilia Ferreira & Susan M. Ross - 1974 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 103 (4):603.
  39.  20
    Masked emotional priming beyond global valence activations.Michaela Rohr, Juliane Degner & Dirk Wentura - 2012 - Cognition and Emotion 26 (2):224-244.
  40. Masks, Abilities, and Opportunities: Why the New Dispositionalism Cannot Succeed.Christopher Evan Franklin - 2011 - Modern Schoolman 88 (1/2):89-103.
    Conditional analyses of ability have been nearly entirely abandoned by philosophers of action as woefully inadequate attempts of analyzing the concept of ability. Recently, however, Vihvelin (2004) and Fara (2008) have appealed to the similarity between dispositions and abilities, as well as recent advances in the metaphysics of dispositions, in order to construct putatively superior conditional analyses of ability. Vihvelin and Fara claim that their revised conditional analyses of ability enable them to show that Frankfurt-style cases fail to sever the (...)
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  41.  24
    The masked threshold of pure tones as a function of duration.W. R. Garner & G. A. Miller - 1947 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 37 (4):293.
  42.  4
    Masked Man.Charles Taliaferro - 2018-05-09 - In Robert Arp, Steven Barbone & Michael Bruce (eds.), Bad Arguments. Wiley. pp. 364–366.
    This chapter focuses on one of the common fallacies in Western philosophy, 'masked man'. MM occurs due to our finite, limited knowledge of reality. It involves drawing unjustified conclusions about what is true based on intentional attitudes. MM is based on a failure to apply fully the principle of the indiscernibility of identicals. While the case of the masked man seems to be a clear fallacy, the case can be redescribed to offer a non‐fallacious inference. MM may be avoided to (...)
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  43.  13
    Metacontrast masking is ineffective in the first 6 months of life.Yusuke Nakashima, So Kanazawa & Masami K. Yamaguchi - 2024 - Cognition 242 (C):105666.
  44.  21
    Masks of Fiction in Dream of the Red Chamber: Myth, Mimesis, and PersonaArchetype and Allegory in the Dream of the Red Chamber.John C. Y. Wang, Lucien Miller & Andrew H. Plaks - 1979 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 99 (1):128.
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  45.  23
    Masks on the Roman Stage.W. Beare - 1939 - Classical Quarterly 33 (3-4):139-.
    The statement that masks were not introduced on the Roman stage until after the time of Terence is still repeated by editors and has the support of Pauly Wissowa as well as Daremberg and Saglio ; it may, in fact, be regarded as generally accepted. Yet so long ago as 1912 A. S. F. Gow put forward strong arguments on the opposite side; his article, though mentioned with respect in Bursian and referred to by Schanz-Hosius , has not yet been (...)
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  46.  15
    Masking phenomena and time intensity reciprocity for form.Donald L. Schurman, Charles W. Eriksen & John Rohrbaugh - 1968 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 78 (2p1):310.
  47.  31
    Masked response priming in expert typists.Alexander Heinemann, Andrea Kiesel, Carsten Pohl & Wilfried Kunde - 2010 - Consciousness and Cognition 19 (1):399-407.
    In masked priming tasks responses are usually faster when prime and target require identical rather than different responses. Previous research has extensively manipulated the nature and number of response-affording stimuli. However, little is known about the constraints of masked priming regarding the nature and number of response alternatives. The present study explored the limits of masked priming in a six-choice reaction time task, where responses from different fingers of both hands were required. We studied participants that were either experts for (...)
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  48.  38
    Mask in an artistic world of Gogol, and the masks of Anatoli Kaplan.Ülle Pärli & Eleonora Rudakovskaja - 2002 - Sign Systems Studies 30 (2):695-704.
    Juri Lotman. Mask in an artistic world of Gogol, and the masks of Anatoli Kaplan. The paper deals with an intersemiotic problem — how it is possible to represent a verbal image by the means of sculpture. It was written as an afterword for a German edition of N. Gogol’s Dead Souls (illustrated by photos on mask-sculpures by Anatoli Kaplan) thus using a style meant for general reader. However, it includes a deep analysis and several important conclusions about the fancy (...)
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  49.  19
    Masking of stimulus control during generalization testing.David R. Thomas, Marilla D. Svinicki & John G. Svinicki - 1970 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 84 (3):479.
  50.  10
    Masks in Medicine: Metaphors and Morality.Lindsey Grubbs & Gail Geller - 2021 - Journal of Medical Humanities 42 (1):103-107.
    We have never been so aware of masks. They were in short supply in the early days of COVID-19, resulting in significant risk to health care workers. Now they are highly politicized with battles about mask-wearing protocols breaking out in public. Although masks have obtained a new urgency and ubiquity in the context of COVID-19, people have thought about both the literal and metaphorical role of masks in medicine for generations. In this paper, we discuss three such metaphors—the masks of (...)
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