149 found
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  1. Some Animals Are More Equal than Others.Leslie Pickering Francis & Richard Norman - 1978 - Philosophy 53 (206):507 - 527.
    It is a welcome development when academic philosophy starts to concern itself with practical issues, in such a way as to influence people's lives. Recently this has happened with one moral issue in particular—but infortunately it is the wrong issue, and people's actions have been influenced in the wrong way. The issue is that of the moral status and treatment of animals. A number of philosophers have argued for what they call ‘animal liberation’, comparing it directly with egalitarian causes such (...)
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  2. Ethics, pandemics, and the duty to treat.Heidi Malm, Thomas May, Leslie P. Francis, Saad B. Omer, Daniel A. Salmon & Robert Hood - 2008 - American Journal of Bioethics 8 (8):4 – 19.
    Numerous grounds have been offered for the view that healthcare workers have a duty to treat, including expressed consent, implied consent, special training, reciprocity (also called the social contract view), and professional oaths and codes. Quite often, however, these grounds are simply asserted without being adequately defended or without the defenses being critically evaluated. This essay aims to help remedy that problem by providing a critical examination of the strengths and weaknesses of each of these five grounds for asserting that (...)
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  3.  81
    Thinking about the good: Reconfiguring liberal metaphysics (or not) for people with cognitive disabilities.Anita Silvers & Leslie Pickering Francis - 2009 - Metaphilosophy 40 (3-4):475-498.
    Liberalism welcomes diversity in substantive ideas of the good but not in the process whereby these ideas are formed. Ideas of the good acquire weight on the presumption that each is a person's own, formed independently. But people differ in their capacities to conceptualize. Some, appropriately characterized as cerebral, are proficient in and profoundly involved with conceptualizing. Others, labeled cognitively disabled, range from individuals with mild limitations to those so unable to express themselves that we cannot be sure whether their (...)
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  4. Justice through trust: Disability and the “outlier problem” in social contract theory.Anita Silvers & Leslie Pickering Francis - 2005 - Ethics 116 (1):40-76.
  5.  9
    Learning relationships: Church of England curates and training incumbents applying the SIFT approach to the Road to Emmaus.Leslie J. Francis & Greg Smith - 2017 - HTS Theological Studies 73 (4):1-11.
    This study invited curates and training incumbents attending a 3-day residential programme to function as a hermeneutical community engaging conversation between the Lucan post-resurrection narrative concerning the Road to Emmaus and the learning relationship in which they were engaged. Building on the SIFT approach to biblical hermeneutics the participants were invited to work in type-alike groups, structured first on the basis of the perceiving process and second on the basis of the judging process. This approach facilitated rich and varied insights (...)
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  6.  10
    Psychologically informed engagement with the Matthean pericopes on Pilate and Judas through Jungian lenses: The sensing, intuition, feeling and thinking approach.Leslie J. Francis & Christopher F. Ross - 2018 - HTS Theological Studies 74 (1).
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  7.  41
    How Infectious Diseases Got Left Out – and What This Omission Might Have Meant for Bioethics.Leslie P. Francis, Margaret P. Battin, Jay A. Jacobson, Charles B. Smith & Jeffrey Botkin - 2005 - Bioethics 19 (4):307-322.
    ABSTRACT In this article, we first document the virtually complete absence of infectious disease examples and concerns at the time bioethics emerged as a field. We then argue that this oversight was not benign by considering two central issues in the field, informed consent and distributive justice, and showing how they might have been framed differently had infectiousness been at the forefront of concern. The solution to this omission might be to apply standard approaches in liberal bioethics, such as autonomy (...)
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  8.  12
    The missionary journey of Mark 6 and the experience of ministry in today’s world: An empirical study in biblical hermeneutics among Anglican clergy.Leslie J. Francis, Greg Smith & Guli Francis-Dehqani - 2017 - HTS Theological Studies 73 (3).
    This study explores the connection between dominant psychological type preferences and reader interpretations of biblical texts. Working in type-alike groups, a group of 40 Anglican clergy were invited to employ their strongest function to engage conversation between Mark’s account of Jesus sending out the disciples and the experience of ministry in today’s world. The data supported the hermeneutical theory proposed by the SIFT approach to biblical interpretation and liturgical preaching by demonstrating the four clear and distinctive voices of sensing, intuition, (...)
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  9.  9
    Reading and proclaiming the Advent call of John the Baptist: An empirical enquiry employing the SIFT method.Leslie J. Francis & Greg Smith - 2014 - HTS Theological Studies 70 (1).
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  10.  73
    Liberalism and Individually Scripted Ideas of the Good.Leslie Pickering Francis & Anita Silvers - 2007 - Social Theory and Practice 33 (2):311-334.
  11.  9
    Five loaves and two fishes: An empirical study in psychological type and biblical hermeneutics among Anglican preachers.Leslie J. Francis - 2010 - HTS Theological Studies 66 (1).
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  12.  8
    Interpreting and responding to the Johannine feeding narrative: An empirical study in the SIFT hermeneutical method amongst Anglican ministry training candidates.Leslie J. Francis - 2012 - HTS Theological Studies 68 (1).
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  13.  7
    Is God really good to the upright? Theological educators exploring Psalm 73 through the Jungian lenses of sensing, intuition, feeling and thinking.Leslie J. Francis, Susan H. Jones & Christopher F. Ross - 2020 - HTS Theological Studies 76 (1).
    Psalm 73 is a challenging Psalm in which the Psalmist draws on rich imagery to juxtapose doctrine and experience and to juxtapose the goodness of God with divine retribution. Drawing on data provided by 15 theological educators within the Anglican Diocese of Cyprus and the Gulf, this study tests the thesis that the imagery of Psalm 73 will be perceived differently by sensing types and by intuitive types and that the issue ‘Is God really good to the upright?’ will be (...)
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  14.  12
    Looking at the birds, considering the lilies, and perceiving God’s grace in the countryside : an empirical investigation in hermeneutical theory.Leslie J. Francis, Greg Smith & Jeff Astley - 2022 - Rural Theology: International, Ecumenical and Interdisciplinary Perspectives 20 (1):38-51.
    This study is situated within the newly emerging interest in the concept of grace as a legitimate topic for empirical enquiry, and draws on the theoretical framework provided by the SIFT approach to biblical hermeneutics, an approach rooted in reader-perspective hermeneutical theory and in Jungian psychological type theory. Data were draw from two one-day workshops with Anglican Readers (lay ministers). On each occasion the participants were invited to divide into three separate groups according to their preferences for sensing or intuition (...)
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  15.  7
    Preaching on the revised common lectionary for the feast of Christ the King: Joy for intuitive thinking types, nightmare for sensing feeling types?Leslie J. Francis, Greg Smith & Jonathan Evans - 2021 - HTS Theological Studies 77 (4):1-11.
    This qualitative study was positioned within an emerging scientific field concerned with the interaction between biblical text and the psychological profile of the preacher. The theoretical framework was provided by the sensing, intuition, feeling and thinking approach to biblical hermeneutics, an approach rooted in reader-perspective hermeneutical theory and in Jungian psychological type theory that explores the distinctive readings of sensing perception and intuitive perception, and the distinctive readings of thinking evaluation and feeling evaluation. The empirical methodology was provided by developing (...)
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  16.  36
    How infectious diseases got left out – and what this omission might have meant for bioethics.Leslie P. Francis, Margaret P. Battin, Jay A. Jacobson, Charles B. Smith & And Jeffrey Botkin - 2005 - Bioethics 19 (4):307–322.
    ABSTRACT In this article, we first document the virtually complete absence of infectious disease examples and concerns at the time bioethics emerged as a field. We then argue that this oversight was not benign by considering two central issues in the field, informed consent and distributive justice, and showing how they might have been framed differently had infectiousness been at the forefront of concern. The solution to this omission might be to apply standard approaches in liberal bioethics, such as autonomy (...)
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  17. Understanding Autonomy in Light of Intellectual Disability.Leslie P. Francis - 2009 - In Kimberley Brownlee & Adam Cureton (eds.), Disability and Disadvantage. Oxford University Press.
     
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  18.  28
    Reading and proclaiming the Birth Narratives from Luke and Matthew: A study in empirical theology amongst curates and their training incumbents employing the SIFT method.Leslie J. Francis & Greg Smith - 2013 - HTS Theological Studies 69 (1):01-13.
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  19.  75
    Understanding disability civil rights non-categorically: The Minority Body and the Americans with disabilities act.Leslie Francis - 2018 - Philosophical Studies 175 (5):1135-1149.
    A persistent paradox apparently infects disability civil rights claims. On the one hand, these rights claims are often understood to apply only to those who are sufficiently impaired in body or in mind to qualify for them because of the disadvantage they endure. On the other hand, asserting significant impairments threatens to undermine the plausibility of these claims as civil rights rather than as welfare for those who are dependent and in need of extra help. Behind this paradox lies a (...)
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  20.  3
    Thinking about the Good: Reconfiguring Liberal Metaphysics (or Not) for People with Cognitive Disabilities.Leslie P. Francis & Anita Silvers - 2010 - In Armen T. Marsoobian, Brian J. Huschle, Eric Cavallero, Eva Feder Kittay & Licia Carlson (eds.), Cognitive Disability and Its Challenge to Moral Philosophy. Oxford, UK: Wiley‐Blackwell. pp. 237–259.
    This chapter contains sections titled: Introduction: Liberalism and Inclusiveness Liberalism: Political and Metaphysical Collaborating on Ideas of the Good Powers of Self‐Control Conclusion References.
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  21.  5
    Supported Decisions as the Patient’s Own?Leslie Pickering Francis - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (11):24-26.
    Peterson, Karlawish and Largent offer a defense of supported decision making in health care for people with dynamic and diminishing capacity. They are to be warmly commended for bringing sup...
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  22.  10
    Supported Decision-making: The CRPD, Non-Discrimination, and Strategies for Recognizing Persons’ Choices About their Good.Leslie Francis - 2021 - Journal of Philosophy of Disability 1:57-77.
    People with cognitive impairments often have difficulties formulating, understanding, or articulating decisions that others judge reasonable. The frequent response shifts decision-making authority to substitutes through advance directives of the person or guardianship orders from a court. The Convention on the Rights of People with Disabilities defends supported decision-making as an alternative to such forms of supplanted decision-making. But supported decision-making raises both metaphysical questions—what is required for a decision to be the person’s own?—and epistemological questions: how do we know what (...)
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  23.  8
    The mysterious case of the Ethiopian eunuch : an empirical and psychological examination in biblical hermeneutics.Leslie J. Francis & S. H. Jones - forthcoming - Mental Health, Religion and Culture.
    During the Easter Season Year B of the Revised Common Lectionary invites participating churches to draw on early chapters of the Acts of the Apostles as the guiding reading for the principal Sunday service. This study employs the SIFT approach to biblical hermeneutics to engage a group of 24 Anglican clergy serving in Eastern Newfoundland to reflect on the Easter message within the mysterious case of the Ethiopian eunuch in Acts 8: 26-40. By inviting these clergy to work in type-alike (...)
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  24.  17
    The Significance of Injustice for Bioethics.Leslie Francis - 2017 - Teaching Ethics 17 (1):1-8.
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  25.  9
    The Oxford Handbook of Reproductive Ethics.Leslie Francis (ed.) - 2016 - Oxford University Press.
    Intimate and medicalized, natural and technological, reproduction poses some of the most challenging ethical dilemmas of our time. This volume brings together scholars from multiple perspectives to address both traditional and novel questions about the rights and responsibilities of human reproducers, their caregivers, and the societies in which they live.
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  26.  6
    Commentary: Beyond Common or Uncommon Morality.Leslie Francis - 2020 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 29 (3):426-428.
    In “Medical Ethics: Common or Uncommon Morality,”1 Rosamond Rhodes defends a specialist view of medical ethics, specifically the ethics of physicians. Rhodes’s account is specifically about the ethics of medical professionals, rooted in what these professionals do. It would seem to follow that other healthcare professions might be subject to ethical standards that differ from those applicable to physicians, rooted in what these other professions do, but I leave this point aside for purposes of this commentary. Rhodes’s view includes both (...)
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  27.  7
    Exploring Psalm 73:1–10 through sensing and intuition: The SIFT approach among Muslim educators.Leslie J. Francis, Ursula McKenna & Abdullah Sahin - 2020 - HTS Theological Studies 76 (3).
    A group of 20 Muslim educators participating in an M-level module on Islamic Education were invited to explore their preferences for sensing and intuition. They were then invited to work in three groups to discuss Psalm 73:1–10, specifically addressing two distinctive perceiving questions: What do you see in this description and what ideas does this passage set running in your mind? Clear differences emerged between the ways in which sensing types and intuitive types handled these two questions. The intuitive types (...)
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  28.  8
    Immunization and participation in amateur youth sports.John Francis & Leslie Francis - 2020 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 47 (2):151-167.
    Although inadequate immunization is a significant public health problem, as covid-19 is an urgent reminder, it has been largely ignored in amateur youth sports. By comparison, safety issues such as...
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  29.  58
    Are there characteristics of infectious diseases that raise special ethical issues?Charles B. Smith, Margaret P. Battin, Jay A. Jacobson, Leslie P. Francis, Jeffrey R. Botkin, Emily P. Asplund, Gretchen J. Domek & Beverly Hawkins - 2004 - Developing World Bioethics 4 (1):1–16.
    This paper examines the characteristics of infectious diseases that raise special medical and social ethical issues, and explores ways of integrating both current bioethical and classical public health ethics concerns. Many of the ethical issues raised by infectious diseases are related to these diseases' powerful ability to engender fear in individuals and panic in populations. We address the association of some infectious diseases with high morbidity and mortality rates, the sense that infectious diseases are caused by invasion or attack on (...)
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  30.  22
    Cloudy crystal balls do not “gray” babies make.Anita Silvers & Leslie Francis - 2011 - American Journal of Bioethics 11 (2):36 - 38.
  31.  12
    Are there Characteristics of Infectious Diseases that Raise Special Ethical Issues? 1.Charles B. Smith, Margaret P. Battin, Jay A. Jacobson, Leslie P. Francis, Jeffrey R. Botkin, Emily P. Asplund, Gretchen J. Domek & Beverly Hawkins - 2004 - Developing World Bioethics 4 (1):1-16.
    This paper examines the characteristics of infectious diseases that raise special medical and social ethical issues, and explores ways of integrating both current bioethical and classical public health ethics concerns. Many of the ethical issues raised by infectious diseases are related to these diseases’ powerful ability to engender fear in individuals and panic in populations. We address the association of some infectious diseases with high morbidity and mortality rates, the sense that infectious diseases are caused by invasion or attack on (...)
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  32.  17
    Exploring Psalm 139 through the Jungian lenses of sensing, intuition, feeling and thinking.Leslie J. Francis, Greg Smith & Alec S. Corio - 2018 - HTS Theological Studies 74 (1).
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  33.  17
    Privacy, Confidentiality, and Justice.John G. Francis & Leslie P. Francis - 2014 - Journal of Social Philosophy 45 (3):408-431.
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  34.  15
    Concerns About Justification for Fetal Genome Sequencing.Jeffrey R. Botkin, Leslie P. Francis & Nancy C. Rose - 2017 - American Journal of Bioethics 17 (1):23-25.
  35.  32
    Mystical orientation and psychological health : a study among university students in Turkey.Leslie J. Francis, U. Ok & Mandy Robbins - 2017 - Mental Health, Religion and Culture.
    This study examines the association between mystical experience, as captured by the Francis-Louden Mystical Orientation Scale, and psychological health, as captured by the Eysenckian three dimensional model of personality, among 329 students attending a state university in Turkey. The data reported no significant association between mystical orientation and psychoticism scores, and a small but significant positive association between mystical orientation and neuroticism scores, after controlling for sex differences. This finding suggests that there may be a small inverse association between mystical (...)
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  36.  26
    The Physician-Patient Relationship and a National Health Information Network.Leslie Pickering Francis - 2010 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 38 (1):36-49.
    The growing use of interoperable electronic health records is likely to have significant effects on the physician-patient relationship. This relationship involves two-way trust: of the physician in patients, and of the patients in their providers. Interoperable records opens up this relationship to further view, with consequences that may both enhance and undermine trust. On the one hand, physicians may learn that information from their patients is — or is not — to be trusted. On the other hand, patients may learn (...)
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  37.  6
    The Physician-Patient Relationship and a National Health Information Network.Leslie Pickering Francis - 2010 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 38 (1):36-49.
    The United States, like other countries facing rising health care costs, is pursuing a commitment to interoperable electronic health records. Electronic records, it is thought, have the potential to reduce the risks of error, improve care coordination, monitor care quality, enable patients to participate more fully in care management, and provide the data needed for research and surveillance. Interoperable electronic health records on a national scale — the ideal of a national health information network — seem likely to magnify these (...)
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  38.  17
    When Is Age Choosing Ageist Discrimination?Teneille R. Brown, Leslie P. Francis & James Tabery - 2020 - Hastings Center Report 51 (1):13-15.
    When the Covid‐19 pandemic reached the United States in spring 2020, many states and hospitals announced crisis standards of care plans that used age as a categorical exclusion criterion. Such age choosing was quickly flagged as discriminatory, and so some states and hospitals shifted to embedding age as a tiebreaker deeper in their plans. Different rationales were given for using age as a tiebreaker: that younger patients were more likely to survive than older patients, that saving younger patients would save (...)
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  39.  7
    Cathedrals as agents of psychological health and well-being within secular societies: Assessing the impact of the Holly Bough service in Liverpool Cathedral.Leslie J. Francis & Susan H. Jones - 2020 - HTS Theological Studies 76 (3):8.
    This study is designed to test the hypothesis that events like the Holly Bough service held in Liverpool Cathedral on the fourth Sunday of Advent that attracts a wide range of participants, including regular churchgoers and occasional (sometimes annual) visitors, contribute significantly to the psychological health and well-being of these participants. At the Holly Bough service held in 2019, a total of 383 participants (139 men, 229 women and 15 individuals who preferred anonymity) completed a recognised measure of psychological health (...)
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  40.  6
    Privacy and Confidentiality.Leslie Pickering Francis - 2008 - The Monist 91 (1):52-67.
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  41.  6
    The Holly Bough service at Liverpool Cathedral and psychological type theory: Fresh expressions or inherited church?Leslie J. Francis, Susan H. Jones & Ursula McKenna - 2020 - HTS Theological Studies 76 (3).
    One of the key intentions of fresh expressions of church is to reach the kind of people inherited church find it hard to reach. Psychological type profiling of church congregations has demonstrated that Anglican churches have particular difficulty in reaching those whose Jungian judging preference is for thinking rather than for feeling. Studies that have explored the psychological type profile of participants within fresh expressions suggest that they do not significantly differ from inherited congregations in terms of reaching thinking types. (...)
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  42.  3
    The Holly Bough service at Liverpool Cathedral and psychological type theory: Fresh expressions or inherited church?Leslie J. Francis, Susan H. Jones & Ursula McKenna - 2020 - HTS Theological Studies 77 (3).
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  43.  52
    Competitive Sports, Disability, and Problems of Justice in Sports.Leslie Pickering Francis - 2005 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 32 (2):127-132.
  44.  12
    Psychological type and the pulpit: An empirical enquiry concerning preachers and the SIFT method of biblical hermeneutics.Leslie J. Francis, Amanda Robbins & Andrew Village - 2009 - HTS Theological Studies 65 (1).
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  45.  43
    Syndromic Surveillance and Patients as Victims and Vectors.Leslie P. Francis, Margaret P. Battin, Jay Jacobson & Charles Smith - 2009 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 6 (2):187-195.
    Syndromic surveillance uses new ways of gathering data to identify possible disease outbreaks. Because syndromic surveillance can be implemented to detect patterns before diseases are even identified, it poses novel problems for informed consent, patient privacy and confidentiality, and risks of stigmatization. This paper analyzes these ethical issues from the viewpoint of the patient as victim and vector. It concludes by pointing out that the new International Health Regulations fail to take full account of the ethical challenges raised by syndromic (...)
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  46.  33
    Title IX: Equality for Women's Sports?Leslie P. Francis - 1993 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 20 (1):32-47.
  47.  12
    Federalism for Bioethics?Leslie Francis & John Francis - 2024 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 33 (1):112-120.
    In the wake of the Dobbs decision withdrawing federal constitutional protection for reproductive rights, the United States is in the throes of federalist conflicts. Some states are enacting draconian prohibitions of abortion or gender-affirming care, whereas other states are attempting to shield providers and their patients seeking care. This article explores standard arguments supporting federalism, including that it allows for cultural differences to remain along with a structure that provides for the advantages of common security and commerce, that it provides (...)
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  48.  46
    Infanticide, moral status and moral reasons: the importance of context.Leslie Francis & Anita Silvers - 2013 - Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (5):289-292.
    Giubilini and Minerva ask why birth should be a critical dividing line between acceptable and unacceptable reasons for terminating existence. Their argument is that birth does not change moral status in the sense that is relevant: the ability to be harmed by interruption of one's aims. Rather than question the plausibility of their position or the argument they give, we ask instead about the importance to scholarship or policy of publishing the article: does it to any extent make a novel (...)
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  49.  1
    The Values Debate: A Voice From the Pupils.Leslie J. Francis - 2001 - Routledge.
    Presents findings from a survey conducted among 30,000 13-15 year olds throughout England and Wales, giving particular attention to social, personal and moral issues.
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  50.  37
    Criminalizing Health-Related Behaviors Dangerous to Others? Disease Transmission, Transmission-Facilitation, and the Importance of Trust.Leslie Pickering Francis & John G. Francis - 2012 - Criminal Law and Philosophy 6 (1):47-63.
    Statutes criminalizing behavior that risks transmission of HIV/AIDS exemplify use of the criminal law against individuals who are victims of infectious disease. These statutes, despite their frequency, are misguided in terms of the goals of the criminal law and the public health aim of reducing overall burdens of disease, for at least three important reasons. First, they identify individual offenders for punishment, a paradigm that is misplaced in the most typical contexts of transmission of infectious disease and even for HIV/AIDS, (...)
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