Results for 'Marek Kohn'

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  1.  88
    Trust: self-interest and the common good.Marek Kohn - 2008 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    The book discusses trust in gods and how people have sought to reinvest this trust as religious faith has diminished; the effect of low social trust on economic ...
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  2.  5
    What Scientists Think.Jeremy Stangroom (ed.) - 2005 - Routledge.
    What are scientists working on today? What do they worry about? What do they think about the working of the brain, climate change, animal experimentation, cancer, and mental illness? Is science progressing or in retreat? Is this century humankind's last? These are just some of the compelling and provocative questions tackled here by twelve of the world's leading scientists and scientific thinkers. In engaging and lucid discussion, they clarify many of the most urgent scientific challenges and dilemmas facing science today. (...)
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  3.  11
    Generalization of a result of Halldén.Robert V. Kohn - 1975 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 16 (4):605-606.
  4.  6
    Wspomnienie - Marek Czyżewski.Marek Czyżewski - 2011 - Etyka 44:118-120.
    Artykuł podejmuje polemikę z obiegowym rozumieniem tolerancji. Autor podkreśla znaczenie podziału na tolerancję jako postawę i na dyskursy o tolerancji. Następnie, w nawiązaniu i częściowo w dyskusji z koncepcją tolerancji zaproponowaną przez Iję Lazari Pawłowską, przedstawione jest rozróżnienie trzech odmian tolerancji, a także rozróżnienie odpowiednich trzech odmian nietolerancji. Rozważane są również niektóre paradoksy związane z tolerancją oraz ze zwalczaniem nietolerancji.
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  5. Appeal to All the Leaders of Palestinian Military, Paramilitary and Guerilla Organisations-to All the Soldiers of Palestinian Militant Groups A Note on Marek Edelman.Marek Edelman - 2003 - Dialogue and Universalism 13 (3-4).
     
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  6.  9
    New Visions of the Zhuangzi.Livia Kohn (ed.) - 2015 - Three Pines Press.
    New Visions of the Zhuangzi is a collection of thirteen essays on the ancient Daoist philosophical work, presenting new angles and approaches. It overcomes the traditional division of schools in favor of topics, sheds new light on key philosophical notions, examines Zhuangzi's use of language, and explores issues of his use of language. In addition, it also applies modern neuroscience to its instructions, explores its vision of the ideal mind, and connects Zhuangzi's teachings to issues of education and community relevant (...)
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  7.  11
    Relation Between Mathematical Performance, Math Anxiety, and Affective Priming in Children With and Without Developmental Dyscalculia.Karin Kucian, Isabelle Zuber, Juliane Kohn, Nadine Poltz, Anne Wyschkon, Günter Esser & Michael von Aster - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  8.  28
    Taoist visions of the body.Livia Kohn - 1991 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 18 (2):227-252.
  9.  29
    The Concepts of Progress and Regress in Relation to Civilizations.Marek J. Celiński - 2011 - Dialogue and Universalism 21 (1):135-143.
    History provides us with instances of various societal and economic changes that with a hindsight are interpreted as either indicating progressive or regressive trends. The present paper attempts to define what represents progress and regress by applying psychological constructs to evaluation of the psychosocial changes. Seven principles of progress are applied as criteria for interpreting various historic events. The primary condition for progress is courage to face adversity or, in the cognitive domain, ambiguity, controversy and “unknown”. An overall model of (...)
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  10. Filozofia zbawienia Philippa Mainlandera.Marek Chamot - 1985 - Colloquia Communia 20 (3-6):22-28.
     
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  11.  11
    The passion of liberalism.Kohn Margaret - 2006 - Political Theory 34 (4):499-505.
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  12.  27
    [recenzja] W.A. Ugarow, Szczególna teoria względności, 1985.Marek Samborski - 1986 - Zagadnienia Filozoficzne W Nauce 8.
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  13.  4
    A Discussion on Instinct, Paris, 1954.Gregory M. Kohn - forthcoming - Biological Theory:1-13.
    The publication of Daniel Lehrman’s 1953 paper, “A Critique of Konrad Lorenz’s Theory of Instinctive Behavior,” (_The Quarterly Review of Biology_ 28(4):337–363) exposed a gulf between comparative psychologists and ethologists regarding the concept of instincts. At the center of this debate was a rivalry between T. C. Schneirla—Lehrman’s doctoral advisor—and Konrad Lorenz. While Schneirla maintained that the concept of innate instincts mischaracterized developmental processes, Lorenz maintained that innateness was essential to understand the evolution of behavior. A year after the publication (...)
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  14.  16
    Marek, Siesfrled. Die platonische Ideen lehre in ihren Motiven.Siegfried Marek - 1911 - Kant Studien 16 (1-3).
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  15.  93
    Do infants detect indirect reciprocity?Marek Meristo & Luca Surian - 2013 - Cognition 129 (1):102-113.
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  16. How not to think about rules and rule following: A response to Stueber.Lorenzo Bernasconi-Kohn - 2006 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 36 (1):86-94.
    This article offers a critique of Karsten Stueber’s account of rule following as presented in his article "How to Think about Rules and Rule Following." The task Stueber sets himself is of defending the idea that human practices are bound and guided by rules (both causally and normatively) while avoiding the discredited "cognitive model of rule following." This article argues that Stueber’s proposal is unconvincing because it falls foul of the very problems it sets out to avoid. Stueber’s defense of (...)
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  17. Wittgenstein and the ontology of the social : some Kripkean reflections on Bourdieu's "theory of practice".Lorenzo Bernasconi-Kohn - 2007 - In Clive Lawson, John Latsis & Nuno Martins (eds.), Contributions to Social Ontology. Routledge.
  18.  28
    Editorial: Enaction and Ecological Psychology: Convergences and Complementarities.Marek McGann, Ezequiel A. Di Paolo, Manuel Heras-Escribano & Anthony Chemero - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11:617898.
  19.  91
    Self–other contingencies: Enacting social perception.Marek McGann & Hanne De Jaegher - 2009 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 8 (4):417-437.
    Can we see the expressiveness of other people's gestures, hear the intentions in their voice, see the emotions in their posture? Traditional theories of social cognition still say we cannot because intentions and emotions for them are hidden away inside and we do not have direct access to them. Enactive theories still have no idea because they have so far mainly focused on perception of our physical world. We surmise, however, that the latter hold promise since, in trying to understand (...)
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  20.  3
    Revisiting T. C. Schneirla’s “Interrelationships of the ‘Innate’ and the ‘Acquired’ in Instinctive Behavior” (1956).Gregory M. Kohn - forthcoming - Biological Theory:1-10.
    During the postwar period, the concept of instinct came to encapsulate the debate around the importance of nature versus nurture. The fact that animals show highly organized behavior early in development suggested the presence of an underlying fixity where behavior was “inbuilt” into an animal’s biology despite an individual’s experiences. This placed a discrete and exhaustive line between the innate and acquired that became a foundation for the European-dominated field of ethology. Across the Atlantic, a group of comparative psychologists led (...)
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  21.  28
    Enacting a social ecology: radically embodied intersubjectivity.Marek McGann - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
  22. Facing Life: The messy bodies of enactive cognitive science.Marek McGann - forthcoming - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences:1-18.
    Descriptions of bodies within the literature of the enactive approach to cognitive science exhibit an interesting dialectical tension. On the one hand, a body is considered to be a unity which instantiates an identity, forming an intrinsic basis for value. On the other, a living body is in a reciprocally defining relationship with the environment, and is therefore immersed and entangled with, rather than distinct from, its environment. In this paper I examine this tension, and its implications for the enactive (...)
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  23.  10
    Economic, Environmental and Moral Acceptance of Renewable Energy: A Case Study—The Agricultural Biogas Plant at Pěčín.Marek Vochozka, Anna Maroušková & Petr Šuleř - 2018 - Science and Engineering Ethics 24 (1):299-305.
    The production of renewable energy in agricultural biogas plants is being widely criticized because—among other things—most of the feedstock comes from purpose-grown crops like maize. These activities generate competitive pressure to other crops that are used for feeding or food production, worsening their affordability. Unique pretreatment technology that allows substitution of the purpose-grown crops by farming residues was built 6 years ago on a commercial basis in Pěčín under modest funding and without publicity. The design of the concept; financial assessment (...)
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  24.  15
    On the paradoxical book of Bell.Marek Żukowski - 2005 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 36 (3):566-575.
  25.  9
    Some Post-complete extensions of S2 and S3.Robert V. Kohn - 1977 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 18:467.
  26.  17
    Kuala Lumpur: Community, Infrastructure and Urban Inclusivity.Marek Kozlowski, Asma Mehan & Krzysztof Nawratek - 2020 - Routledge.
    Kuala Lumpur is a diverse city representing many different religions and nationalities. Recent government policy has actively promoted unity and cohesion throughout the city; and the country of Malaysia, with the implementation of a programme called 1Malaysia. In this book, the authors investigate the aims of this programme – predominantly to unify the Malaysian society – and how these objectives resonate in the daily spatial practices of the city’s residents. -/- This book argues that elements of urban infrastructure could work (...)
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  27.  3
    Engaging Students to Use Their Minds Well.Lawrence Y. Kohn - 2013 - Inquiry: Critical Thinking Across the Disciplines 28 (1):36-45.
    This paper explores the relationship between critical thinking and formative assessment. In this paper Popham’s (2008) conception of formative assessment as “a planned process in which assessment-elicited evidence of students’ status is used by teachers to adjust their ongoing instructional procedures or by students to adjust their current learning tactics” is highlighted as well as a framework from Stiggins and associates (2006). Despite vast research that indicates bothpositively impact student achievement, they are “errors of omission” and vastly underutilized in teacher (...)
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  28.  70
    The theory and politics of solidarity and public goods.Avigail Ferdman & Margaret Kohn - 2017 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy:1-8.
    For over forty years, economic inequality and distributive justice have been two of the primary concerns of political philosophers. This volume addresses these issues in a novel way, by focusing on the concepts of solidarity and public goods as both descriptive and normative frameworks. Solidarity links the social, political and moral together, in a distinctively political approach that recognizes the social sources of power on the one hand and sources of moral motivation on the other. Public goods such as education, (...)
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  29.  22
    Erik J. Wielenberg, Value and Virtue in a Godless Universe by Marek Pepliński.Marek Pepliński - 2007 - Forum Philosophicum: International Journal for Philosophy 12 (1):196-201.
    The article reviews the book Value and Virtue in a Godless Universe, by Erik J. Wielenberg.
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  30.  11
    Convergently Emergent: Ecological and Enactive Approaches to the Texture of Agency.Marek McGann - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
    Enactive and ecological approaches to cognitive science both claim a “mutuality” between agents and their environments – that they have a complementary nature and should be addressed as a single whole system. Despite this apparent agreement, each offers criticisms of the other on precisely this point – enactivists claiming that ecological psychologists over-emphasise the environment, while the complementary criticism, of agent-centred constructivism, is levelled by ecological psychologists at enactivists. In this paper I suggest that underlying the confusion between the two (...)
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  31. Clinical Ethics Consultations in the Opinion of Polish Physicians.Marek Czarkowski, Joanna Różyńska, Bartosz Maćkiewicz & Jakub Zawiła-Niedźwiecki - 2021 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 18 (3):499-509.
    Clinical Ethics Consultations are an important tool for physicians in solving difficult cases. They are extremely common in North America and to a lesser extent also present in Europe. However, there is little data on this practice in Poland. We present results of a survey of 521 physicians practising in Poland concerning their opinion on CECs and related practices. We analysed the data looking at such issues as CECs’ perceived availability, use of CECs, and perceived usefulness of such support. Physicians (...)
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  32.  22
    The levels of perceptual processing and the neural correlates of increasing subjective visibility.Marek Binder, Krzysztof Gociewicz, Bert Windey, Marcin Koculak, Karolina Finc, Jan Nikadon, Monika Derda & Axel Cleeremans - 2017 - Consciousness and Cognition 55:106-125.
  33.  13
    A Loophole of All ‘Loophole-Free’ Bell-Type Theorems.Marek Czachor - 2020 - Foundations of Science 25 (4):971-985.
    Bell’s theorem cannot be proved if complementary measurements have to be represented by random variables which cannot be added or multiplied. One such case occurs if their domains are not identical. The case more directly related to the Einstein–Rosen–Podolsky argument occurs if there exists an ‘element of reality’ but nevertheless addition of complementary results is impossible because they are represented by elements from different arithmetics. A naive mixing of arithmetics leads to contradictions at a much more elementary level than the (...)
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  34.  18
    Non-Newtonian Mathematics Instead of Non-Newtonian Physics: Dark Matter and Dark Energy from a Mismatch of Arithmetics.Marek Czachor - 2020 - Foundations of Science 26 (1):75-95.
    Newtonian physics is based on Newtonian calculus applied to Newtonian dynamics. New paradigms such as ‘modified Newtonian dynamics’ change the dynamics, but do not alter the calculus. However, calculus is dependent on arithmetic, that is the ways we add and multiply numbers. For example, in special relativity we add and subtract velocities by means of addition β1⊕β2=tanh+tanh-1)\documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document}$$\beta _1\oplus \beta _2=\tanh \big +\tanh ^{-1}\big )$$\end{document}, although multiplication β1⊙β2=tanh·tanh-1)\documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} (...)
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  35.  5
    Moral Polemics of Far-Reaching Economic Consequences of Antibiotics Overuse.Marek Vochozka, Anna Maroušková & Petr Šuleř - 2017 - Science and Engineering Ethics 23 (4):1035-1040.
    The unethical overuse of antibiotics to seek to achieve a shortening of the treatment period raises the cost of health services and poses a threat to humanity due to the gradual development of antibiotic resistance. Other consequences of our modern passion for antibiotics have appeared. Small concentrations of antibiotic residues in sewage waters slow down the metabolism of anaerobic microorganism thereby reducing the overall performance of the anaerobic fermentation used to detoxify and digest sewage and other collected organic wastes. Reduced (...)
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  36.  20
    Obsolete Laws: Economic and Moral Aspects, Case Study—Composting Standards.Marek Vochozka, Anna Maroušková & Petr Šuleř - 2017 - Science and Engineering Ethics 23 (6):1667-1672.
    From the early days of philosophy, ethics and justice, there is wide consensus that the constancy of the laws establishes the legal system. On the other hand, the rate at which we accumulate knowledge is gaining speed like never before. Due to the recently increased attention of academics to climate change and other environmental issues, a lot of new knowledge has been obtained about carbon management, its role in nature and mechanisms regarding the formation and degradation of organic matter. A (...)
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  37.  16
    Uncovering a New Moral Dilemma of Economic Optimization in Biotechnological Processing.Marek Vochozka, Vojtěch Stehel & Anna Maroušková - 2018 - Science and Engineering Ethics 24 (4):1331-1338.
    The trend of emerging biorefineries is to process the harvest as efficiently as possible and without any waste. From the most valuable phytomass, refined medicines, enzymes, dyes and other special reactants are created. Functional foods, food ingredients, oils, alcohol, solvents, plastics, fillers and a wide variety of other chemical products follow. After being treated with nutrient recovery techniques, biofuels or soil improvers are produced from the leftovers. Economic optimization algorithms have confirmed that such complex biorefineries can be financially viable only (...)
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  38.  4
    The Selected Aspects of Application of Monetary Policy in the Economic and Monetary Union Pre-and-Post 2008: A. The Framework Existing Pre-Crisis.Marek Vojtaššák - 2014 - Creative and Knowledge Society 4 (2).
    Purpose of the article is to present in two parts the selected aspects of application of monetary policy in the euro area pre and post 2008 as well as insitutional adaptations brought by the EU legislator. Methodology/methods In order to better explain these points, the article relies partially on a comparison with the framework and application of the monetary policy by the Federal Reserve as well as on a historic method when outlining the influence of definition of financial stability from (...)
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  39.  5
    The Selected Aspects of Application of Monetary Policy in the Economic and Monetary Union Pre-And-Post 2008: B. The Framework Developing Post-Crisis.Marek Vojtaššák - 2015 - Creative and Knowledge Society 5 (1):36-46.
    Purpose of the article is to present in two parts the selected aspects of application of monetary policy in the euro area pre and post 2008 as well as insitutional adaptations brought by the EU legislator. Methodology/methods In order to better explain these points, the article relies partially on a comparison with the framework and application of the monetary policy by the Federal Reserve as well as on a historic method when outlining the influence of definition of financial stability from (...)
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  40.  37
    Perceptual Modalities: Modes of Presentation or Modes of Interaction?Marek McGann - 2010 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 17 (1-2):1-2.
    Perceptual modalities have been traditionally considered the product of dedicated biological systems producing information for higher cognitive processing. Psychological and neuropsychological evidence is offered which undermines this point of view and an alternative account of modality from the enactive approach to understanding cognition is suggested. Under this view, a perceptual modality is a stable form of perception which is structured not just by the biological sensitivities of the agent, but by their goals and the set of skills or expertise which (...)
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  41.  6
    Sartrův ateismus =.Marek Feigl - 2018 - Praha: Filosofia.
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  42.  22
    Hospital Ethics Committees in Poland.Marek Czarkowski, Katarzyna Kaczmarczyk & Beata Szymańska - 2015 - Science and Engineering Ethics 21 (6):1525-1535.
    According to UNESCO guidelines, one of the four forms of bioethics committees in medicine are the Hospital Ethics Committees. The purpose of this study was to evaluate how the above guidelines are implemented in real practice. There were 111 hospitals selected out of 176 Polish clinical hospitals and hospitals accredited by Center of Monitoring Quality in Health System. The study was conducted by the survey method. There were 56 hospitals that responded to the survey. The number of HECs members fluctuated (...)
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  43.  95
    Hannah Arendt: Twenty Years Later.Larry May & Jerome Kohn (eds.) - 1996 - MIT Press.
    Now, twenty years later, this collection of fifteenessays brings her work into dialogue with those philosophical views that are at center stage today-- in critical theory, communitarianism, virtue theory, and feminism.
  44.  21
    Early conversational environment enables spontaneous belief attribution in deaf children.Marek Meristo, Karin Strid & Erland Hjelmquist - 2016 - Cognition 157 (C):139-145.
  45.  28
    Reflexivity of Actors Versus Reflexivity of Accounts.Marek Czyzewski - 1994 - Theory, Culture and Society 11 (4):161-168.
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  46.  13
    The ethical academy? The university as an ethical system.Marek Tesar, Michael Peters & Liz Jackson - 2021 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 53 (5):419-425.
  47. Is the fact that other people believe in God a reason to believe? Remarks on the consensus gentium argument.Marek Dobrzeniecki - 2018 - European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 10 (3):133-153.
    According to The Consensus Gentium Argument from the premise: “Everyone believes that God exists” one can conclude that God does exist. In my paper I analyze two ways of defending the claim that somebody’s belief in God is a prima facie reason to believe. Kelly takes the fact of the commonness of the belief in God as a datum to explain and argues that the best explanation has to indicate the truthfulness of the theistic belief. Trinkaus Zagzebski grounds her defence (...)
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  48.  11
    La Francophonie en Pologne.Marek Ziolkowski - 2004 - Hermes 40:59.
    Paradoxe polonais : si l'apprentissage de l'anglais fait partie de la formation professionnelle, le français est plutôt le résultat d'un choix motivé et volontaire, signe qualificatif de distinction. Les Polonais sont de plus en plus conscients de la valeur de la notion de « francophonie », à ne pas confondre ave le « caractère français »Somewhat paradoxically, learning English is seen in Poland as a standard requirement of vocational training, while learning French is seen as a matter of personal choice (...)
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  49.  6
    The Functional Theory of Culture and Sociology.Marek Ziolkowski - 1996 - Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 47:325-338.
  50.  9
    Imitating Quantum Probabilities: Beyond Bell’s Theorem and Tsirelson Bounds.Marek Czachor & Kamil Nalikowski - forthcoming - Foundations of Science:1-25.
    Local hidden-variable model of singlet-state correlations discussed in Czachor is shown to be a particular case of an infinite hierarchy of local hidden-variable models based on an infinite hierarchy of calculi. Violation of Bell-type inequalities can be interpreted as a ‘confusion of languages’ problem, a result of mixing different but neighboring levels of the hierarchy. Mixing of non-neighboring levels results in violations beyond the Tsirelson bounds.
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