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  1. Interpretation and Understanding.Marcelo Dascal - 2006 - Critica 38 (114):93-98.
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  2.  37
    Pragmatics and the philosophy of mind.Marcelo Dascal - 1983 - Philadelphia: John Benjamins.
    This volume deals with the relation between pragmatics and the philosophy of mind.
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  3.  48
    The Study of Controversies and the Theory and History of Science.Marcelo Dascal - 1998 - Science in Context 11 (2):147-154.
    These introductory remarks are unorthodox in many respects. The deviance from usual practice is justified by the extreme importance I attach to the subject matter of this special issue. I want to convey to the reader a sense of why I think controversies, particularly in science, are so crucial, and to propose a different way of thinking about them. This mandates, in the limited space available, a compact presentation, omitting supporting arguments and necessary elaboration — for which the reader is (...)
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  4.  5
    La sémiologie de Leibniz.Marcelo Dascal - 1978 - Editions Aubier.
  5. Nihil sine ratione à blandior ratio.Marcelo Dascal - unknown
    blandior ratio : C, 34). I will first survey how extensive, albeit usually overlooked, is Leibniz’s concern with these “weaker” forms of reasoning, and how crucial they are for many of his practical and theoretical endeavors. I will then trace back this acute need of Leibniz´s brand of rationalism to the peculiar nature of the Principle of Sufficient Reason (PSR), as opposed to the other basic principle of his philosophy, the Principle of Contradiction (PC). I will present here only the (...)
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  6. Dichotomies and types of debate.Marcelo Dascal - unknown
    Dichotomies are ubiquitous in deliberative thinking, in decision making and in arguing in all spheres of life.[i] Sticking uncompromisingly to a dichotomy may lead to sharp disagreement and paradox, but it can also sharpen the issues at stake and help to find a solution. Dichotomies are particularly in evidence in debates, i.e., in argumentative dialogical exchanges characterized by their agonistic nature. The protagonists in a debate worth its name hold positions that are or that they take to be opposed; they (...)
     
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  7. Malthus and Ricardo on Economic Methodology.Sergio Volodia Marcello Cremaschi & Marcelo Dascal - 1996 - History of Political Economy 28 (3):475-511.
    The paper is a comparative study of the methodologies of Malthus and Ricardo. Its claims are: (i) economic laws almost always admit of exceptions for Malthus; for Ricardo even contingent predictions allow no exception apart from random temporary variations; (ii) both rely on the prestigious Newtonian paradigm, while interpreting it according to two distinct methodological traditions (the one deriving from MacLaurin, the other from Priestley); (iii) the choice of stressing what happens during intervals or in permanent states leads to opposing (...)
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  8.  38
    Epistemología, controversias y pragmática.Marcelo Dascal - 1995 - Isegoría 12:8-43.
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  9. Types of polemics and types of polemical moves.Marcelo Dascal - unknown
    The man who is seeking to convert another in the proper manner should do so in a dialectical and not in a contentious way ... he who asks questions in a contentious spirit and he who in replying refuses to admit what is apparent ... are both of them bad dialecticians.
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  10. Malthus and Ricardo: Two styles for Economic Theory.Sergio Cremaschi & Marcelo Dascal - 1998 - Science in Context 11 (2):229-254.
    We examine the most famous controversy between economists as a means of shedding fresh light on the current debate about economic methodology. By focusing on the controversy as the primary unit of analysis, we show how methodological considerations are but one of a whole set of stratagems strategically employed by each opponent. We argue that each opponent's preference for a particular kind of stratagems expresses his own specific scientific style (within the general scientific and cultural style of an age). We (...)
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  11. Science Communication.Annette Leßmöllmann, Marcelo Dascal & Thomas Gloning (eds.) - 2020
    For this handbook, we decided to combine a first strategy that looks at different research approaches and asks for their specific contribution to the study of science communication. This is the aim of section I. A second and third strategy is to describe main topics and central aspects of internal and external science communication. This is the aim of sections II and III, respectively: In section II the authors deal with text types, media, and practices of internal science communication. Section (...)
     
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  12. The balance of reason.Marcelo Dascal - unknown
    If we had a balance of reasons, where the arguments presented in favor and against the case were weighed precisely and the verdict could be pronounced in favor of the most inclined scale ... [we would have] a more valuable art than that miraculous science of producing gold.
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  13. The Malthus-Ricardo Correspondence: Sequential structure, argumentative patterns, and rationality.Marcelo Dascal & Sergio Volodia Marcello Cremaschi - 1999 - Journal of Pragmatics 31 (9):1129-1172.
    Although the controversy between Malthus and Ricardo has long been considered to be an important source for the history of economic thought, it has hardly been the object of a careful study qua controversy, i.e. as a polemical dialogical exchange. We have undertaken to fill this gap, within the framework of a more ambitious project that places controversies at the center of an account of the history of ideas, in science and elsewhere. It is our contention that the dialogical co-text (...)
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  14.  39
    Defending Literal Meaning.Marcelo Dascal - 1987 - Cognitive Science 11 (3):259-281.
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  15. Language as a cognitive technology.Marcelo Dascal - 2002 - International Journal of Cognition and Technology 1 (1):35-61.
    _Ever since Descartes singled out the ability to use natural language appropriately in any given circumstance as the proof_ _that humans – unlike animals and machines – have minds, an idea that Turing transformed into his well-known test to_ _determine whether machines have intelligence, the close connection between language and cognition has been widely_ _acknowledged, although it was accounted for in quite different ways. Recent advances in natural language processing, as_ _well as attempts to create “embodied conversational agents” which couple (...))
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  16. Persuasion and Argument in the Malthus-Ricardo Correspondence.Sergio Volodia Marcello Cremaschi & Marcelo Dascal - 1998 - In Warren J. Samuels & Jeff E. Biddle (eds.), Research in the History of Economic Thought and Methodology. Volume 16. pp. 1-63.
    We reconstruct the text, that is, we analyse the development of the discussion between Malthus and Ricardo both in the correspondence and in published works, paying special attention to (a) the use of methodological statements, (b) some pragmatic features of the controversy, (c) considerations pertaining to the meta-level of the controversy (assessments of the status of the controversy, of ways of solving it, etc.); then, we reconstruct the co-text, that is, unpublished papers by each opponent that were not made available (...)
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  17. La sémiologie de Leibniz.Marcelo Dascal - 1979 - Studia Leibnitiana 11 (1):146-150.
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  18.  56
    Leibniz's two-pronged dialectic.Marcelo Dascal - 2008 - In Leibniz: What Kind of Rationalist? Springer. pp. 37--72.
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  19.  84
    Transparency and Doubt: Understanding and Interpretation in Pragmatics and in Law.Marcelo Dascal & Jerzy Wroblewski - 1989 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 4 (2):427-450.
  20.  37
    Leibniz: What Kind of Rationalist?Marcelo Dascal (ed.) - 2008 - Springer.
    Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz was an outstanding contributor to many fields of human knowledge. The historiography of philosophy has tagged him as a “rationalist”. But what does this exactly mean? Is he a “rationalist” in the same sense in Mathematics and Politics, in Physics and Jurisprudence, in Metaphysics and Theology, in Logic and Linguistics, in Technology and Medicine, in Epistemology and Ethics? What are the most significant features of his “rationalism”, whatever it is? For the first time an outstanding group of (...)
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  21.  66
    The marriage of pragmatics and rhetoric.Marcelo Dascal & Alan G. Gross - 1999 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 32 (2):107-130.
  22.  78
    Why does language matter to artificial intelligence?Marcelo Dascal - 1992 - Minds and Machines 2 (2):145-174.
    Artificial intelligence, conceived either as an attempt to provide models of human cognition or as the development of programs able to perform intelligent tasks, is primarily interested in theuses of language. It should be concerned, therefore, withpragmatics. But its concern with pragmatics should not be restricted to the narrow, traditional conception of pragmatics as the theory of communication (or of the social uses of language). In addition to that, AI should take into account also the mental uses of language (in (...)
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  23. Leibniz and epistemological diversity.Marcelo Dascal - unknown
    It was a tie; the heavenly vote was split right down the middle -- two in favor; two against. At issue -- "Should man be created?" The ministering angels formed parties: Love said, "Yes, let him be created, because he will dispense acts of love"; while Truth argued, "No, let him not be created, for he is a complete fake". Righteousness countered, "Yes, let him be created, because he will do righteous deeds; and Peace demurred, "Let him not be created, (...)
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  24.  76
    How rational can a polemic across the analytic -continental 'divide' be?Marcelo Dascal - 2001 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 9 (3):313 – 339.
    In spite of the widespread belief that there is (or at least there was) a clearcut and deep opposition between two forms of philosophizing vaguely characterized as 'continental' and 'analytic', it is not easy to find actual examples of debates between philosophers that clearly belong to the opposed camps. Perhaps the reason is that, on the assumption that the alleged 'divide' is so deep, each side feels that there is no point in arguing against the other, for argumentation would quickly (...)
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  25. The Art of Controversies.G. W. Leibniz, Marcelo Dascal, Quintin Racionero & Adelino Cardoso - 2006 - Studia Leibnitiana 38 (2):242-244.
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  26.  20
    The Institution of philosophy: a discipline in crisis?Avner Cohen & Marcelo Dascal (eds.) - 1989 - La Salle, Ill.: Open Court.
    Book jacket: From postmodernist and post-philosophical quarters we now hear that philosophy is at the end of its rope, that modern philosophy is just another modernist product which has outlived its usefulness. Whatever the precise merits of the various postmodernist critiques, they have certainly compelled many philosophers to take notice, and to concede that their enterprise has reached an impasse. The essays in this volume mark a new stage in the debate. Though divergent in their philosophical -- or post-philosophical -- (...)
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  27. Colonizing and decolonizing minds.Marcelo Dascal - unknown
    Whereas the most visible forms of political colonialism have for the most part disappeared from the planet by the end of the millennium, several of its consequences remain with us. Criticism of colonialism, accordingly, has shifted its focus to its more subtle and lasting manifestations. Prominent among these are the varieties of what came to be known as the ‘colonization of the mind’. This is one of the forms of ‘epistemic violence’ that it is certainly the task of philosophers to (...)
     
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  28. Leibniz's conciliatory approaches in scientific controversies.Marcelo Dascal & Erez Firt - 2010 - In The Practice of Reason: Leibniz and His Controversies. John Benjamins. pp. 7--137.
  29. Epistemology, controversies, and pragmatics.Marcelo Dascal - unknown
    In this paper, I wish to present and defend the thesis that the impasse at which the philosophy and history of science find themselves in the last couple of decades is due, to a large extent, either to the complete neglect or to a misguided treatment of t he role of scientific controversies in the evolution of science.
     
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  30.  33
    Hermeneutic Interpretation and Pragmatic Interpretation.Marcelo Dascal - 1989 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 22 (4):239 - 259.
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  31.  32
    On the Roles of Context and Literal Meaning in Understanding.Marcelo Dascal - 1989 - Cognitive Science 13 (2):253-257.
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  32.  13
    Non alter, sed etiam Leibnitius.Marcelo Dascal - 2004 - The Leibniz Review 14:117-135.
    I am grateful to my friend, Professor Heinrich Schepers, editor of volume VI.4 of Leibniz’s Sämtliche Schriften und Briefe, for the time and critical attention he devotes to my lengthy review of this volume, in a detailed reply included in the present issue of this journal. Since I believe that criticism and discussion are the master key to intellectual progress, I consider myself to be extremely lucky that my painstaking work has been the object of criticism by the scholar who (...)
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  33. La razón y los misterios de la fe según Leibniz.Marcelo Dascal - 1975 - Revista Latinoamericana de Filosofia 1 (3):193.
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  34. The ecology of cultural space.Marcelo Dascal - 1991 - In Cultural Relativism and Philosophy: North and Latin American Perspectives. E.J. Brill. pp. 279--295.
     
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  35. Cultural Relativism and Philosophy: North and Latin American Perspectives.Marcelo Dascal (ed.) - 1991 - E.J. Brill.
    To what extent does cultural diversity affect the activity and the products of philosophizing?
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  36. Knowledge and Politics: Case Studies in the Relationship Between Epistemology and Political Philosophy. Edited by Marcelo Dascal & Ora Gruengardand.Marcelo Dascal, Ora Gruengard, Jean-Louis Labarrière, Jean Hampton, Don Herzog, Sergio Cremaschi, Richard H. Popkin, Stephen Holmes, Myriam Bienenstock, Robert Paul Wolff, John Elster, Gideon Freudenthal, Alastair Hannay, James E. Bohman, Harry Redner & Istvàn M. Fehér - 1989 - Boulder, CO: Westview Press.
  37. Strategies of understanding.Marcelo Dascal - 1981 - In Herman Parret & Jacques Bouveresse (eds.), Meaning and Understanding. W. De Gruyter. pp. 327--352.
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  38. The Unitarian Connection and Ricardo's Scientific Style.Sergio Volodia Marcello Cremaschi & Marcelo Dascal - 2002 - History of Political Economy 34 (2):505-508.
    We reply to Philippe Depoortère’s paper “On Ricardo’s method: The Unitarian influence examined. Some comments on Cremaschi and Dascal’s article ‘Malthus and Ricardo on Economic Methodology’”. Depoortère asks two questions: (1) was Ricardo’s ‘conversion’ to Unitarianism sincere? (2) did Ricardo follow the methodologies of Priestley and Belsham? His answers are that he was a ‘religious skeptic’ and he was not an ‘empiricist’ like Priestley and Belsham. We reply that the sincerity of Ricardo’s religious beliefs is irrelevant since we start with (...)
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  39.  45
    The impact of cognitive technologies: Towards a pragmatic approach.Marcelo Dascal & Itiel E. Dror - 2005 - Pragmatics and Cognition 13 (3):451.
  40.  17
    Alter et etiam: Rejoinder to Schepers.Marcelo Dascal - 2004 - The Leibniz Review 14:137-151.
    I am grateful to my friend, Professor Heinrich Schepers, editor of volume VI.4 of Leibniz’s Sämtliche Schriften und Briefe, for the time and critical attention he devotes to my lengthy review of this volume, in a detailed reply included in the present issue of this journal. Since I believe that criticism and discussion are the master key to intellectual progress, I consider myself to be extremely lucky that my painstaking work has been the object of criticism by the scholar who (...)
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  41.  45
    Language and Money. A Simile and its Meaning in 17th Century Philosophy of Language.Marcelo Dascal - 1976 - Studia Leibnitiana 8 (2):187 - 218.
    Trois philosophes du 17ème siècle, à son début, vers sa moitié et près de sa fin, ont utilisé la comparaison entre mots et monnaie: Bacon, Hobbes et Leibniz, respectivement. Quoique leurs textes à cet égard soient très semblables, ils emploient cette comparaison pour expliquer des thèses assez différentes sur la nature et les fonctions du langage. Cet article essaye de dégager ces différences, en les rapportant aux différentes philosophies du langage de ces auteurs. Il est aussi suggéré que de telles (...)
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  42. The dispute on the primacy of thinking or speaking.Georg Meggle, Kuno Lorenz, Dietfried Gerhardus & Marcelo Dascal - 1995 - In Georg Meggle, Kuno Lorenz, Dietfried Gerhardus & Marcelo Dascal (eds.), Sprachphilosophie: Ein Internationales Handbuch Zeitgenössischer Forschung. Walter de Gruyter.
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  43. Argument, War and the Role of the Media in Conflict Management.Marcelo Dascal - unknown
    Even more precious perhaps is the tradition that works against Â… that misuse of language which consists in pseudo-arguments and propaganda. This is the tradition and discipline of clear speaking..
     
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  44.  5
    Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz: The Art of Controversies.Marcelo Dascal (ed.) - 1679 - Springer.
    Remembered mainly as a logician and mathematician, Leibniz also endeavored to resolve political and religious conflicts of his day by bringing opponents into negotiation. The dialectical Leibniz who emerges from the texts here translated, commented, and interpreted is certainly not the familiar one. The book sheds new light on the familiar, yet incomplete image of Leibniz, providing further reason for cherishing and cultivating the heritage of a truly great man.
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  45.  28
    The impact of cognitive technologies: Towards a pragmatic approach.Marcelo Dascal & Itiel E. Dror - 2005 - Pragmatics and Cognition 13 (3):451-457.
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  46. Controversies and Epistemology.Marcelo Dascal - 2001 - The Proceedings of the Twentieth World Congress of Philosophy 10:159-192.
    I present and defend the thesis that the impasse at which the philosophy and history of science find themselves in the last couple of decades is due, to a large extent, either to the complete neglect or to a misguided treatment of the role of scientific controversies in the evolution of science. In order to do so, I first provide a preliminary clarification of the impasse to which I refer. I go on to explain why I see the study of (...)
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  47.  15
    Cultural Relativism and Philosophy: North and Latin American Perspectives.Marcelo Dascal - 1994 - Philosophy East and West 44 (1):177-180.
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  48.  30
    Critique Without Critics?Marcelo Dascal - 1997 - Science in Context 10 (1):39-62.
    The ArgumentTwo dominant models of criticism are identified and analyzed. One is selfconsciously normative. It conceives of criticism as subject to strict logical rules. The other views itself as essentially descriptive and accounts for the critical activity in terms of social factors. In spite of their different origins and purposes, it is argued that both models share a reductionistic thrust, which minimizes the role of the critic qua agent. It is further agreed that neither provides an adequate account of critical (...)
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  49.  14
    La arrogancia de la Razón.Marcelo Dascal - 1990 - Isegoría 2:75-103.
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  50. Leibniz. Language, Signs and Thought. A Collection of Essays.Marcelo Dascal - 1990 - Studia Leibnitiana 22 (1):117-118.
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