Results for 'Iain Martel'

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  1.  94
    The Principle of the Common Cause, the Causal Markov Condition, and Quantum Mechanics: Comments on Cartwright.Iain Martel - 2008 - In Luc Bovens, Carl Hoefer & Stephan Hartmann (eds.), Nancy Cartwright’s Philosophy of Science. Routledge. pp. 242-262.
    Nancy Cartwright believes that we live in a Dappled World– a world in which theories, principles, and methods applicable in one domain may be inapplicable in others; in which there are no universal principles. One of the targets of Cartwright’s arguments for this conclusion is the Causal Markov condition, a condition which has been proposed as a universal condition on causal structures.1 The Causal Markov condition, Cartwright argues, is applicable only in a limited domain of special cases, and thus cannot (...)
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  2. Probabilistic Empiricism: In Defence of a Reichenbachian Theory of Causation and the Direction of Time.Iain Thomas Martel - 2000 - Dissertation, University of Colorado at Boulder
    A probabilistic theory of causation is a theory which holds that the central feature of causation is that causes raise the probability of their effects. In this dissertation, I defend Hans Reichenbach's original version of the probabilistic theory of causation, which analyses causal relations in terms of a three place statistical betweenness relation. Unlike most discussions of this theory, I hold that the statistical relation should be taken as a sufficient, but not as a necessary , condition for causal betweenness. (...)
     
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  3. Reichenbach on Indeterminism and Becoming.Iain Martel - manuscript
    In this paper, I criticize a common misinterpretation of Hans Reichenbach’s argument that indeterminism is both necessary and sufficient for temporal becoming. I show that Reichenbach’s argument rests on the assumption of a particular variety of verificationism (which I call ‘Weak Probabilistic Verificationism’) and that Reichenbach’s critics have failed to notice this premise. The purpose of the paper is not to defend Reichenbach’s thesis—I offer no argument in support of this verificationist premise. My aim is simply to set the historical (...)
     
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  4.  65
    The Importance of Time (Philosophical Studies Series).L. Nathan Oaklander - 2001
    The Importance of Time is a unique work that reveals the central role of the philosophy of time in major areas of philosophy. The first part of the book consists of symposia on two of the most important works in the philosophy of time over the past decade: Michael Tooley's Time, Tense, and Causation and D.H. Mellor's Real Time II. What characterizes these essays, and those that follow, are the interchanges between original papers, with original responses to them by commentators. (...)
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  5.  4
    Nonviolence in Political Theory.Iain Atack - 2012 - Edinburgh University Press.
    Iain Atack identifies the contribution of nonviolence to political theory through connecting central characteristics of nonviolent action to fundamental debates about the role of power and violence in politics. This in turn provides a platform for going beyond historical and strategic accounts of nonviolence to a deeper understanding of its transformative potential. From Mahatma Gandhi and Martin Luther King to toppled communist regimes in Eastern Europe and pro-democracy movements in Serbia, Georgia and Ukraine, nonviolent action has played a significant (...)
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  6.  7
    What Would Be Different: Figures of Possibility in Adorno.Iain Macdonald - 2019 - Stanford University Press.
    At the intersection of metaphysics and social theory, this book presents and examines Adorno's unusual concept of possibility and aims to answer how we are to articulate the possibility of a redeemed life without lapsing into a vague and naïve utopianism.
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  7.  15
    What Passive Euthanasia Is.Iain Brassington - 2020 - BMC Medical Ethics 21 (1):1-13.
    Background Euthanasia can be thought of as being either active or passive; but the precise definition of “passive euthanasia” is not always clear. Though all passive euthanasia involves the withholding of life-sustaining treatment, there would appear to be some disagreement about whether all such withholding should be seen as passive euthanasia. Main text At the core of the disagreement is the question of the importance of an intention to bring about death: must one intend to bring about the death of (...)
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  8.  1
    Raymond Aron and Liberal Thought in the Twentieth Century.Iain Stewart - 2019 - Cambridge University Press.
    Raymond Aron is widely regarded as the most important figure in the history of twentieth-century French liberalism. Yet his status within the history of liberal thought has been more often proclaimed than explained. Though he is frequently lauded as the inheritor of France's liberal tradition, Aron's formative influences were mostly non-French and often radically anti-liberal thinkers. This book explains how, why, and with what consequences he belatedly defined and aligned himself with a French liberal tradition. It also situates Aron within (...)
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  9. Heidegger, Art, and Postmodernity.Iain D. Thomson - 2011 - Cambridge University Press.
    Heidegger, Art, and Postmodernity offers a radical new interpretation of Heidegger's later philosophy, developing his argument that art can help lead humanity beyond the nihilistic ontotheology of the modern age. Providing pathbreaking readings of Heidegger's 'The Origin of the Work of Art' and his notoriously difficult Contributions to Philosophy, this book explains precisely what postmodernity meant for Heidegger, the greatest philosophical critic of modernity, and what it could still mean for us today. Exploring these issues, Iain D. Thomson examines (...)
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  10.  37
    Heidegger on Ontotheology: Technology and the Politics of Education.Iain Thomson - 2005 - Cambridge University Press.
    Heidegger is now widely recognized as one of the most influential and controversial philosophers of the twentieth century, yet much of his later philosophy remains shrouded in confusion and controversy. Restoring Heidegger's understanding of metaphysics as 'ontotheology' to its rightful place at the center of his later thought, this book demonstrates the depth and significance of his controversial critique of technology, his appalling misadventure with Nazism, his prescient critique of the university, and his important philosophical suggestions for the future of (...)
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  11.  1
    The Misinterpellated Subject.James R. Martel - 2017 - Duke University Press.
    Although Haitian revolutionaries were not the intended audience for the Declaration of the Rights of Man, they heeded its call, demanding rights that were not meant for them. This failure of the French state to address only its desired subjects is an example of the phenomenon James R. Martel labels "misinterpellation." Complicating Althusser's famous theory, Martel explores the ways that such failures hold the potential for radical and anarchist action. In addition to the Haitian Revolution, Martel shows (...)
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  12.  37
    Nietzsche on Guilt: Dependency, Debt, and Imperfection.Iain Morrisson - 2018 - European Journal of Philosophy 26 (3):974-990.
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  13.  22
    Philosophies of Nature After Schelling.Iain Hamilton Grant - 2006 - Continuum.
    Preface to paperback edition -- Why Schelling? why naturephilosophy? -- The powers due to becoming: the reemergence of platonic physics in the genetic philosophy -- Antiphysics and neo-Fichteanism -- The natural history of the unthinged -- "What thinks in me is what is outside me". phenomenality, physics and the idea -- Dynamic philosophy, transcendental physics -- Conclusion: transcendental geology.
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  14. Neuromechanics of Dynamic Balance Tasks in the Presence of Perturbations.Victor Munoz-Martel, Alessandro Santuz, Sebastian Bohm & Adamantios Arampatzis - 2021 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 14.
    Understanding the neuromechanical responses to perturbations in humans may help to explain the reported improvements in stability performance and muscle strength after perturbation-based training. In this study, we investigated the effects of perturbations, induced by unstable surfaces, on the mechanical loading and the modular organization of motor control in the lower limb muscles during lunging forward and backward. Fifteen healthy adults performed 50 forward and 50 backward lunges on stable and unstable ground. Ground reaction forces, joint kinematics, and the electromyogram (...)
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  15.  18
    On Rights of Inheritance and Bequest.Iain Brassington - 2019 - The Journal of Ethics 23 (2):119-142.
    What attitude would a just state take to the inheritance of property? Would confiscatory taxes on the estate of the deceased be morally acceptable, or would they represent some kind of wrong? While there is a good amount of political philosophical scholarship that considers the desirability of inheritance tax, there appears to be little that has considered it from the perspective of rights theory, asking what kind of thing a right to bequeath or to inherit would be, and whether those (...)
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  16.  16
    Balancing a Hybrid Business Model: The Search for Equilibrium at Cafédirect.Iain A. Davies & Bob Doherty - 2019 - Journal of Business Ethics 157 (4):1043-1066.
    This paper investigates the difficulties of creating economic, social, and environmental values when operating as a hybrid venture. Drawing on hybrid organizing and sustainable business model research, it explores the implications of alternative forms of business model experimented with by farmer owned, fairtrade social enterprise Cafédirect. Responding to changes and challenges in the market and societal environment, Cafédirect has tried multiple business model innovations to deliver on all three forms of value capture, with differing levels of success. This longitudinal case (...)
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  17. .Iain McLean - 2006
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  18.  84
    Iain McGilchrist, The Master and His Emissary: The Divided Brain and the Making of the Western World (New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 2010). [REVIEW]Rupert Read - 2012 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 11 (1):119-124.
    Iain McGilchrist, The master and his emissary: the divided brain and the making of the Western world (New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 2010) Content Type Journal Article Category Book Review Pages 119-124 DOI 10.1007/s11097-011-9235-x Authors Rupert Read, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK Journal Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences Online ISSN 1572-8676 Print ISSN 1568-7759 Journal Volume Volume 11 Journal Issue Volume 11, Number 1.
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  19.  49
    Corporate Social Responsibility in Small-and Medium-Size Enterprises: Investigating Employee Engagement in Fair Trade Companies.Iain A. Davies & Andrew Crane - 2010 - Business Ethics, the Environment and Responsibility 19 (2):126-139.
    Employee buy-in is a key factor in ensuring small- and medium-size enterprise (SME) engagement with corporate social responsibility (CSR). In this exploratory study, we use participant observation and semi-structured interviews to investigate the way in which three fair trade SMEs utilise human resource management (and selection and socialisation in particular) to create employee engagement in a strong triple bottomline philosophy, while simultaneously coping with resource and size constraints. The conclusions suggest that there is a strong desire for, but tradeoff within (...)
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  20.  38
    Alliances and Networks: Creating Success in the UK Fair Trade Market.Iain A. Davies - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 86 (S1):109 - 126.
    Data from a longitudinal study into the key management success factors in the fair trade industry provide insights into the essential nature of inter-organizational alliances and networks in creating the profitable and growing fair trade market in the UK. Drawing on three case studies and extensive industry interviews, we provide an interpretive perspective on the organizational relationships and business networks and the way in which these have engendered success for UK fair trade companies. Three types of benefit are derived from (...)
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  21.  98
    Collective Cognition in Animal Groups.Iain D. Couzin - 2009 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 13 (1):36-43.
  22. Do Consumers Care About Ethical-Luxury?Iain A. Davies, Zoe Lee & Ine Ahonkhai - 2012 - Journal of Business Ethics 106 (1):37-51.
    This article explores the extent to which consumers consider ethics in luxury goods consumption. In particular, it explores whether there is a significant difference between consumers’ propensity to consider ethics in luxury versus commodity purchase and whether consumers are ready to purchase ethical-luxury. Prior research in ethical consumption focuses on low value, commoditized product categories such as food, cosmetics and high street apparel. It is debatable if consumers follow similar ethical consumption patterns in luxury purchases. Findings indicate that consumers’ propensity (...)
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  23.  79
    Ethical Decision Making in Fair Trade Companies.Iain A. Davies & Andrew Crane - 2003 - Journal of Business Ethics 45 (1-2):79 - 92.
    This paper reports on a study of ethical decision-making in a fair trade company. This can be seen to be a crucial arena for investigation since fair trade firms not only have a specific ethical mission in terms of helping growers out of poverty, but they tend to be perceived as (and are often marketed on the basis of) having an "ethical" image. Eschewing a straightforward test of extant ethical decision models, we adopt Thompson''s proposal for a more contextualist understanding (...)
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  24. MARTEL J., "Des hommes, des idées et des dieux".G. A. G. A. - 1965 - Rivista di Filosofia Neo-Scolastica 57:387.
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  25. La formación de la mujer en Gabriela Mistral: un breve análisis en torno a tres textos publicados entre 1903 y 1923.Alfredo Gorrochotegui Martell - 2022 - Escritos 30 (65):164-182.
    This work aims at showing Gabriela Mistral’s concerns for the human personal development of women of her times. We will deal with three works linked to three different moments of Mistral’s lifetime. The first work, a text published by La voz del Elqui: “The instruction of women”, when she was only 17 years old. During this time she lived in Coquimbo and worked as a school teacher. The second work was published in El Magallanes newspaper: “Popular Education”, she was 29 (...)
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  26. Le Waqf de la Mosquée des Omeyyades de Damas: Le Manuscrit Ottoman D’Un Inventaire Mamelouk Établi En 816/1413. Edited by Mathieu Eychenne, Astrid Meier, and Élodie Vigouroux. [REVIEW]Bernadette Martel-Thoumian - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (3).
    Le waqf de la mosquée des Omeyyades de Damas: Le manuscrit ottoman d’un inventaire mamelouk établi en 816/1413. Edited by Mathieu Eychenne, Astrid Meier, and Élodie Vigouroux. Beirut: Presses de l’ifpo, 2018. Pp. 741. €75.
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  27.  19
    Kant and the Role of Pleasure in Moral Action.Iain P. D. Morrisson - 2008 - Athens: Ohio University Press.
    In Kant and the Role of Pleasure in Moral Action, Iain Morrisson offers a new view on Kant’s theory of moral action.
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  28.  14
    States of Nature and States of Mind: A Generalized Theory of Decision-Making.Iain P. Embrey - 2020 - Theory and Decision 88 (1):5-35.
    Canonical economic agents act so as to maximize a single, representative, utility function. However, there is accumulating evidence that heterogeneity in thought processes may be an important determinant of individual behavior. This paper investigates the implications of a vector-valued generalization of the Expected Utility paradigm, which permits agents either to deliberate as per Homo economics, or to act impulsively. This generalized decision theory is applied to explain the crowding-out effect, irrational educational investment decisions, persistent social inequalities, the pervasive influence of (...)
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  29. John Cage, Gilles Deleuze, and the Idea of Sound.Iain Campbell - 2017 - Parallax 23 (3):361-378.
    In this essay we will take the American experimental composer John Cage’s understanding of sound as the starting point for an evaluation of that term in the field of sound studies. Drawing together two of the most influential figures in the field, Cage’s thought and work will serve as a lens through which to engage with recent debate concerning the uptake in sound studies of the philosophy of Gilles Deleuze. In so doing we will attempt to develop a path between (...)
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  30.  13
    Making Moral Imaginations. Research Ethics, Pedagogy, and Professional Human Geography.Iain Hay - 1998 - Ethics, Place and Environment 1 (1):55-75.
    This paper exhorts geographers to become more active in debate about ethical research practice. It also suggests that ethical theory, practical problems, and lessons learned from postmodern thought make the prospects of establishing prescriptive codes of ethics unlikely. Instead, flexible prompts for moral contemplation might be used to encourage careful thought on matters of ethics. Because the practical feasibility of moral prompts rests on the existence of moral imaginations, it is vital to consider ways in which those imaginations might be (...)
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  31.  66
    The Rise and Stall of a Fair Trade Pioneer: The Cafédirect Story.Iain A. Davies, Bob Doherty & Simon Knox - 2010 - Journal of Business Ethics 92 (1):127-147.
    This is a case study investigating the growth of fair trade pioneer, Cafédirect. We explore the growth of the company and develop strategic insights on how Cafédirect has attained its prominent position in the UK mainstream coffee industry based on its ethical positioning. We explore the marketing, networks and communications channels of the brand which have led to rapid growth from niche player to a mainstream brand. However, the company is experiencing a slow down in its meteoric rise and we (...)
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  32.  18
    The Ethics of Affective Leadership: Organizing Good Encounters Without Leaders.Iain Munro & Torkild Thanem - 2018 - Business Ethics Quarterly 28 (1):51-69.
    ABSTRACT:This article addresses the fundamental question of what is ethical leadership by rearticulating relations between leaders and followers in terms of “affective leadership.” The article develops a Spinozian conception of ethics which is underpinned by a deep suspicion of ethical systems that hold obedience as a primary virtue. We argue that the existing research into ethical leadership tends to underplay the ethical capacities of followers by presuming that they are in need of direction or care by morally superior leaders. In (...)
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  33.  16
    The Political Economy of Academic Publishing.Iain Pirie - 2009 - Historical Materialism 17 (3):31-60.
  34.  9
    Raymond Martel, La face cachée de l'Armée de Marie. Montréal, Éditions Fides, 2010, 320 p. Raymond Martel, La face cachée de l'Armée de Marie. Montréal, Éditions Fides, 2010, 320 p. [REVIEW]Gilles Routhier - 2011 - Laval Théologique et Philosophique 67 (1):200-201.
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  35.  15
    What a Drag It is Getting Old: A Response to Räsänen.Iain Brassington - 2019 - Journal of Medical Ethics 45 (7):467-468.
    In this brief response to Joona Räsänen’s argument for the coherence and desirability of being able legally to change one’s age, I outline a couple of reasons for thinking that the case he makes is deeply flawed. As such, I contend that we have no reason to think that age should be the kind of thing that one should be able to change legally. Moreover, we have at least one good reason for thinking that legal age change would be positively (...)
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  36. Luke Martell, Ecology and Society.T. Hayward - forthcoming - Radical Philosophy.
     
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  37. Heidegger’s Perfectionist Philosophy of Educationin Being and Time.Iain Thomson - 2004 - Continental Philosophy Review 37 (4):439-467.
    In Heidegger on Ontotheology: Technology and the Politics of Education, I argue that Heidegger’s ontological thinking about education forms one of the deep thematic undercurrents of his entire career, but I focus mainly on Heidegger’s later work in order to make this case. The current essay extends this view to Heidegger’s early magnum opus, contending that Being and Time is profoundly informed – albeit at a subterranean level – by Heidegger’s perfectionist thinking about education. Explaining this perfectionism in terms of (...)
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  38. Avant-Gardes, Afrofuturism, and Philosophical Readings of Rhythm.Iain Campbell - 2019 - In Reynaldo Anderson & Clinton R. Fluker (eds.), The Black Speculative Arts Movement: Black Futurity, Art+Design. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books. pp. 27-49.
    Here I will put forward a claim about rhythm – that rhythm is relation. To develop this I will explore the entanglement of and antagonism between two notions of the musical avant-garde and its theorization. The first of these is derived from the European classical tradition, the second concerns Afrodiasporic musical practices. This essay comes in two parts. The first will consider some music-theoretical and philosophical ideas about rhythm in the post-classical avant-garde. Here I will explore how these ideas have (...)
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  39. A New Art From Emerging Markets.Iain Robertson - forthcoming - Ethics.
  40.  4
    Idealism: The History of a Philosophy.Jeremy Dunham, Iain Hamilton Grant & Sean Watson - 2010 - Mcgill-Queen's University Press.
    Contents Introduction: Why Idealism Matters Part 1: Ancient Idealism 1. Parmenides and the Birth of Ancient Idealism 2. Plato and Neoplatonism Part 2: Early Modern Idealism 3. Phenomenalism and Idealism I: Descartes and Malebranche 4. Phenomenalism and Idealism II: Leibniz and Berkeley Part 3: German Idealism 5. Immanuel Kant: Cognition, Freedom and Teleology 6. Fichte and the System of Freedom 7. Philosophy of Nature and the Birth of Absolute Idealism: Schelling 8. Hegel and Hegelianism: Mind, Nature and Logic Part 4: (...)
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  41.  9
    Corporate Social Responsibility in Small-and Medium-Size Enterprises: Investigating Employee Engagement in Fair Trade Companies.Iain A. Davies & Andrew Crane - 2010 - Business Ethics: A European Review 19 (2):126-139.
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  42.  49
    The Role of Social Capital in the Success of Fair Trade.Iain A. Davies & Lynette J. Ryals - 2010 - Journal of Business Ethics 96 (2):317-338.
    Fair Trade companies have pulled off an astonishing tour de force. Despite their relatively small size and lack of resources, they have managed to achieve considerable commercial success and, in so doing, have put the fair trade issue firmly onto industry agendas. We analyse the critical role played by social capital in this success and demonstrate the importance of values as an exploitable competitive asset. Our research raises some uncomfortable questions about whether fair trade has 'sold out' to the mainstream (...)
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  43. Qualitative Research Methods in Human Geography.Iain Hay (ed.) - 2000 - Oxford University Press.
    This volume provides concise and accessible guidance on how to conduct qualitative research in human geography. It gives particular emphasis to examples drawn from social/cultural geography, perhaps the most vibrant area of inquiry in human geography over the past decade.
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  44. Sonic Obstacles and Conceptual Nostalgia: Preliminary Considerations on Musical Conceptualism and Contemporary Art.Iain Campbell - 2021 - Philosophical Inquiries 9 (2):111-132.
    This paper is concerned with the aesthetic and discursive gap between music and contemporary art, and the recent attempts to remedy this in the field of New Music through a notion of “New Conceptualism.” It examines why, despite musical sources being central to the emergence of conceptual artistic strategies in the 1950s and ’60s, the worlds of an increasingly transmedial “generic art” and music have remained largely distinct. While it takes New Music’s New Conceptualism as its focus, it argues that (...)
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  45.  86
    What's Wrong with the Brain Drain (?).Iain Brassington - 2012 - Developing World Bioethics 12 (3):113-120.
    ABSTRACTOne of the characteristics of the relationship between the developed and developing worlds is the ‘brain drain’– the phenomenon by which expertise moves towards richer countries, thereby condemning poorer countries to continued comparative and absolute poverty. It is tempting to see the phenomenon as a moral problem in its own right, such that there is a moral imperative to end it, that is separate from any moral imperative to relieve the burden of poverty. However, it is not clear why this (...)
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  46.  23
    Making Moral Imaginations. Research Ethics, Pedagogy, and Professional Human Geography.Iain Hay - 1998 - Philosophy and Geography 1 (1):55 – 75.
    This paper exhorts geographers to become more active in debate about ethical research practice. It also suggests that ethical theory, practical problems, and lessons learned from postmodern thought make the prospects of establishing prescriptive codes of ethics unlikely. Instead, flexible prompts for moral contemplation might be used to encourage careful thought on matters of ethics. Because the practical feasibility of moral prompts rests on the existence of moral imaginations, it is vital to consider ways in which those imaginations might be (...)
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  47. “Things Begin to Speak by Themselves”: Pierre Schaeffer’s Myth of the Seashell and the Epistemology of Sound.Iain Campbell - 2021 - Sound Studies 7 (1):100-118.
    This paper considers the role of myth and phenomenology in Pierre Schaeffer’s research into music and sound, and argues that engagement with these themes allows us to rethink the legacy and contemporary value of Schaeffer’s thought in sound studies. In light of critique of Schaeffer’s project, in particular that developed by Brian Kane and Schaeffer’s own apparent self-disavowal, this paper returns to Schaeffer’s early remarks on the “myth of the seashell” in order to examine the conditions of this critique. While (...)
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  48. Technology, Ontotheology, Education.Iain Thomson - 2019 - In Aaron James Wendland, Christopher D. Merwin & Christos Hadjioannou (eds.), Heidegger on Technology. London: Routledge. pp. 174-193.
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  49. Conceptualising Health: Insights From the Capability Approach. [REVIEW]Iain Law & Heather Widdows - 2008 - Health Care Analysis 16 (4):303-314.
    This paper suggests the adoption of a ‘capability approach’ to key concepts in healthcare. Recent developments in theoretical approaches to concepts such as ‘health’ and ‘disease’ are discussed, and a trend identified of thinking of health as a matter of having the capability to cope with life’s demands. This approach is contrasted with the WHO definition of health and Boorse’s biostatistical account. We outline the ‘capability approach’, which has become standard in development ethics and economics, and show how existing work (...)
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  50.  92
    Heidegger's Aesthetics.Iain Thomson - 2010 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Heidegger is against the modern tradition of philosophical “aesthetics” because he is for the true “work of art” which, he argues, the aesthetic approach to art eclipses. Heidegger's critique of aesthetics and his advocacy of art thus form a complementary whole. Section 1 orients the reader by providing a brief overview of Heidegger's philosophical stand against aesthetics, for art. Section 2 explains Heidegger's philosophical critique of aesthetics, showing why he thinks aesthetics follows from modern “subjectivism” and leads to late-modern “enframing,” (...)
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