Results for 'Matthew William Mckeon'

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  1. Logic, Semantics, and Possible Worlds.Matthew William Mckeon - 1994 - Dissertation, The University of Connecticut
    The general issue addressed in this dissertation is: what do the models of formal model-theoretic semantics represent? In chapter 2, I argue that those of first-order classical logic represent meaning assignments in possible worlds. This motivates an inquiry into what the interpretations of first-order quantified model logic represent, and in Chapter 3 I argue that they represent meaning assignments in possible universes of possible worlds. A possible universe is unpacked as one way model reality might be. The problem arises here (...)
     
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  2.  62
    A Plea for Logical Objects.Matthew William McKeon - 2009 - Synthese 167 (1):163-182.
    An account of validity that makes what is invalid conditional on how many individuals there are is what I call a conditional account of validity. Here I defend conditional accounts against a criticism derived from Etchemendy’s well-known criticism of the model-theoretic analysis of validity. The criticism is essentially that knowledge of the size of the universe is non-logical and so by making knowledge of the extension of validity depend on knowledge of how many individuals there are, conditional accounts fail to (...)
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  3.  49
    Inference, Circularity, and Begging the Question.Mckeon Matthew William - 2015 - Informal Logic 35 (3):312-341.
    I develop a syntactic concept of circularity, which I call propositional circularity. With respect to a given use of an argument advanced as a statement of inference for the benefit of a reasoner R, if the direct and indirect premises R would have to accept in order to accept the conclusion includes the conclusion, then the collection of premises is propositionally circular. The argument fails to display a type of inference that R can perform. Appealing to propositional circularity, I articulate (...)
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  4.  13
    Argument, Inference, and Persuasion.Matthew William McKeon - 2021 - Argumentation 35 (2):339-356.
    This paper distinguishes between two types of persuasive force arguments can have in terms of two different connections between arguments and inferences. First, borrowing from Pinto, an arguer's invitation to inference directly persuades an addressee if the addressee performs an inference that the arguer invites. This raises the question of how invited inferences are determined by an invitation to inference. Second, borrowing from Sorenson, an arguer's invitation to inference indirectly persuades an addressee if the addressee performs an inference guided by (...)
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  5.  3
    Inference Claims as Assertions.Matthew William Mckeon - 2021 - Informal Logic 42 (3):359-390.
    When a speaker states an argument in arguing—in its core sense—for the conclusion, the speaker asserts, as opposed to merely implies or implicates, the associated inference claim to the effect that the conclusion follows from the premises. In defense of this, I argue that how an inference claim is conveyed when stating an argument is constrained by constitutive and normative conditions for core cases of the speech of arguing for a conclusion. The speech act of assertion better reflects such conditions (...)
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  6. Logical Truth in Modal Logic.Matthew McKeon - 1996 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 77 (4):351-361.
    In this paper, I consider the criticism due to Hartry Field, John Pollack, William Hanson and James Hawthorne that the Kripkean requirement that a logical truth in modal logic be true at all possible worlds in _all quantified model structures is unmotivated and misses some logical truths. These authors do not see the basis for making the logical truth of a modal sentence turn on more than the model structure given by one reading of the modal operator(s) which occur (...)
     
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  7. Cosmic Coherence: A Cognitive Anthropology Through Chinese Divination.William Matthews - 2022 - New York: Berghahn.
    Humans are unique in their ability to create systematic accounts of the world - theories based on guiding cosmological principles. This book is about the role of cognition in creating cosmologies, and explores this through the ethnography and history of Yijing divination in China. Diviners explain the cosmos in terms of a single substance, qi, unfolding across scales of increasing complexity to create natural phenomena and human experience. Combined with an understanding of human cognition, it shows how this conception of (...)
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  8.  32
    The Ideal of Equality.Matthew Clayton & Andrew Williams (eds.) - 2000 - Macmillan.
    One of the central debates within contemporary Anglo-American political philosophy concerns how to formulate an egalitarian theory of distributive justice which gives coherent expression to egalitarian convictions and withstands the most powerful anti-egalitarian objections. This book brings together many of the key contributions to that debate by some of the world’s leading political philosophers: Richard Arneson, G.A. Cohen, Ronald Dworkin, Thomas Nagel, Derek Parfit, John Rawls, T.M. Scanlon, and Larry Temkin.
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  9. Social Justice.Matthew Clayton & Andrew Williams (eds.) - 2004 - Wiley-Blackwell.
    This reader brings together classic and contemporary contributions to debates about social justice. A collection of classic and contemporary contributions to debates about social justice. Includes classic discussions of justice by Locke and Hume. Provides broad coverage of contemporary discussions, including theoretical pieces by John Rawls, Robert Nozick and Ronald Dworkin. Contains papers that apply theories of justice to concrete issues, such as gender and the family, the market, world poverty, cultural rights, and future generations. Philosophically challenging yet accessible to (...)
     
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  10.  42
    The Conversion of Imagination: From Pascal Through Rousseau to Tocqueville.Matthew William Maguire - 1896 - Harvard University Press.
    Pascal, turning Augustinianism inside out, radically expanded the powers of imagination implicit in the work of Montaigne and Descartes, and made imagination ...
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  11.  15
    The Affiliation of Methodology with Ontology in a Scientific Psychology.Matthew Spackman & Richard Williams - 2001 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 22 (4):389-406.
    The misconception that the application of statistical methods makes psychology a science is examined. Criticisms of statistical methods involving issues related to the generalization of aggregate-level findings to individuals, the impoverished language of numbers, the application of questions to methods, and the logic of statistical hypothesis testing are reviewed. It is not suggested, however, that statistical methods be abandoned. Instead, it is suggested that shortcomings of statistical methods indicate the importance of making ontological considerations a primary concern. Methodological considerations in (...)
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  12.  11
    Off the Charts: Medical Documentation and Selective Redaction in the Age of Transparency.Matthew William McCarthy, Diego Real de Asua, Ezra Gabbay & Joseph J. Fins - 2018 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 61 (1):118-129.
    A 47-year-old woman with a history of anxiety disorder is admitted to the hospital for shortness of breath. On the third day of hospitalization, she asks her physician for a copy of all documents pertaining to her care. What expectation should she have for full disclosure? Are there limits on her access to her medical records and do her physician's concerns about professional privilege matter?The virtues of transparency in medicine have been well described. As proponents of transparency, we favor patient (...)
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  13.  22
    Realist Literary History: Mckeon's New Origins of the NovelThe Origins of the English Novel: 1600-1740. [REVIEW]William B. Warner & Michael McKeon - 1989 - Diacritics 19 (1):62.
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  14.  8
    Sign Language Experience Redistributes Attentional Resources to the Inferior Visual Field.Chloé Stoll & Matthew William Geoffrey Dye - 2019 - Cognition 191:103957.
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  15. Hu, Baozhu: Believing in Ghosts and Spirits. The Concept of Gui in Ancient China. Abington: Routledge, 2020. 306 Pp. ISBN 978-1-003-11004-0. (Monumenta Serica Monograph, 71) Price: € 149,72. [REVIEW]William Matthews - 2022 - Anthropos 117 (2):559-560.
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  16.  14
    More Science Not Less Clarity: A Rejoinder to Richardson.William J. Matthews - 1998 - Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 18 (1):46-51.
    Responds to comments by F. C. Richardson regarding the present author's rejection of the indeterminate textuality of postmodern thought as self-contradictory . The present author considers the possibility of a rational-empiricist explanation of human behavior. 2012 APA, all rights reserved).
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  17.  19
    Let's Get Real: The Fallacy of Post-Modernism.William J. Matthews - 1998 - Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 18 (1):16-32.
    The anti-realist nihilism of post-modernist thought provides a constant challenge for science and scientists not only to refute this view but to make clear what constitutes science and the scientific method. The author reviews the major arguments of post-modern thought and its criticism of science and then provides a point by point refutation. The Popperian notion of refutability and empiricality provide the cornerstone of this discussion. 2012 APA, all rights reserved).
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  18. Selected Writings of Richard Mckeon, Volume Two: Culture, Education, and the Arts.Zahava K. McKeon & William G. Swenson (eds.) - 1998 - University of Chicago Press.
    Richard McKeon was a philosopher of extraordinary creativity who brought profoundly original ideas to bear on more standard ways of thinking and learning. A classicist, medievalist, and revolutionary intellectual, he fashioned an approach to philosophy as a plural conversation among varied traditions of thought, epochs, and civilizations. This second volume of McKeon's selected works demonstrates his approach to inquiry and practice in culture, education, and the arts. Together, the writings in this book show how McKeon reinvented the (...)
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  19. Selected Writings of Richard Mckeon: Volume One: Philosophy, Science, and Culture.Zahava K. McKeon & William G. Swenson (eds.) - 1998 - University of Chicago Press.
    Richard McKeon enjoys an enviable reputation as an erudite historian of ideas and exegete of philosophic texts. However, the originality and scope of his achievement as a systematic philosopher are less widely known. In this ambitious three-volume edition, of which _Philosophy, Science, and Culture_ is the first, a selection of McKeon's writings will be collected to showcase his distinctive approach to the analysis of discourse. Volume I covers philosophic theory through his writings on first philosophy and the methods (...)
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  20.  39
    Health Care Professionals and Bedbugs: An Ethical Analysis of a Resurgent Scourge. [REVIEW]Maude Laliberté, Matthew Hunt, Bryn Williams-Jones & Debbie Ehrmann Feldman - 2013 - HEC Forum 25 (3):245-255.
    Many health care professionals (HCPs) are understandably reluctant to treat patients in environments infested with bedbugs, in part due to the risk of themselves becoming bedbug vectors to their own homes and workplaces. However, bedbugs are increasingly widespread in care settings, such as nursing homes, as well as in private homes visited by HCPs, leading to increased questions of how health care organizations and their staff ought to respond. This situation is associated with a range of ethical considerations including the (...)
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  21.  4
    Findings From a Mixed‐Methods Pragmatic Cluster Trial Evaluating the Impact of Ethics Education Interventions on Residential Care‐Givers.Ann Gallagher, Matthew Peacock, Emily Williams, Magdalena Zasada & Anna Cox - 2021 - Nursing Inquiry 28 (2).
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  22. The Concept of Logical Consequence: An Introduction to Philosophical Logic.Matthew W. McKeon - 2010 - Peter Lang.
    Introduction -- The concept of logical consequence -- Tarski's characterization of the common concept of logical consequence -- The logical consequence relation has a modal element -- The logical consequence relation is formal -- The logical consequence relation is A priori -- Logical and non-logical terminology -- The meanings of logical terms explained in terms of their semantic properties -- The meanings of logical terms explained in terms of their inferential properties -- Model-theoretic and deductive-theoretic conceptions of logic -- Linguistic (...)
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  23.  39
    On the Substitutional Characterization of First-Order Logical Truth.Matthew McKeon - 2004 - History and Philosophy of Logic 25 (3):205-224.
    I consider the well-known criticism of Quine's characterization of first-order logical truth that it expands the class of logical truths beyond what is sanctioned by the model-theoretic account. Briefly, I argue that at best the criticism is shallow and can be answered with slight alterations in Quine's account. At worse the criticism is defective because, in part, it is based on a misrepresentation of Quine. This serves not only to clarify Quine's position, but also to crystallize what is and what (...)
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  24.  10
    Predicting Self-Rated Mental and Physical Health: The Contributions of Subjective Socioeconomic Status and Personal Relative Deprivation.Mitchell J. Callan, Hyunji Kim & William J. Matthews - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  25. Logic and Existential Commitment.Matthew Mckeon - 2004 - Logique Et Analyse 47:195-214.
  26. Logical Consequence, Philosophical Considerations.Matthew McKeon - 2004 - Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  27. Logic and Necessary Being.Matthew Mckeon - 1996 - Sorites 4:21-35.
    Yuval Steinitz has argued that, since it is logically possible that there are logically necessary beings, it follows that there is at least one logically necessary being. Steinitz switches the Leibnitzean ontological argument's concern from perfect beings to logically necessary beings. My paper has two primary aims. First, I argue that Steinitz's quick treatment is insufficient to establish the validity of his argument. Secondly, I argue that the correct approach to logical necessity must account for those possible situations in which (...)
     
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  28.  76
    On the Rationale for Distinguishing Arguments From Explanations.Matthew W. McKeon - 2013 - Argumentation 27 (3):283-303.
    Even with the lack of consensus on the nature of an argument, the thesis that explanations and arguments are distinct is near orthodoxy in well-known critical thinking texts and in the more advanced argumentation literature. In this paper, I reconstruct two rationales for distinguishing arguments from explanations. According to one, arguments and explanations are essentially different things because they have different structures. According to the other, while some explanations and arguments may have the same structure, they are different things because (...)
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  29. Logical Consequence, Deductive-Theoretic Conceptions.Matthew McKeon - 2004 - Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  30. Review of “Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus”. [REVIEW]Matthew McKeon - 2004 - Essays in Philosophy 5 (2):24.
     
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  31.  10
    Forall X: An Introduction to Formal Logic, Version 1.11. [REVIEW]Matthew McKeon - 2006 - Teaching Philosophy 29 (4):387-390.
  32. William James and His Darwinian Defense of Freewill.Matthew Crippen - 2011 - In Mark Wheeler (ed.), 150 Years of Evolution: Darwin’s Impact on Contemporary Thought and Culture. pp. 68-89.
    Abstract If asked about the Darwinian influence on William James, some might mention his pragmatic position that ideas are “mental modes of adaptation,” and that our stock of ideas evolves to meet our changing needs. However, while this is not obviously wrong, it fails to capture what James deems most important about Darwinian theory: the notion that there are independent cycles of causation in nature. Versions of this idea undergird everything from his campaign against empiricist psychologies to his theories (...)
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  33.  27
    Logical Properties: Identity, Existence, Predication, Necessity, Truth.Matthew McKeon - 2000 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 9 (1):39-42.
    Identity, existence, predication, necessity, and truth are fundamental philosophical concerns. Colin McGinn treats them both philosophically and logically, aiming for maximum clarity and minimum pointless formalism. He contends that there are real logical properties that challenge naturalistic metaphysical outlooks. These concepts are not definable, though we can say a good deal about how they work. The aim of Logical Properties is to bring philosophy back to philosophical logic.
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  34. William James on Emotion and Intentionality.Matthew Ratcliffe - 2005 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 13 (2):179-202.
    William James's theory of emotion is often criticized for placing too much emphasis on bodily feelings and neglecting the cognitive aspects of emotion. This paper suggests that such criticisms are misplaced. Interpreting James's account of emotion in the light of his later philosophical writings, I argue that James does not emphasize bodily feelings at the expense of cognition. Rather, his view is that bodily feelings are part of the structure of intentionality. In reconceptualizing the relationship between cognition and affect, (...)
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  35.  48
    Statements of Inference and Begging the Question.Matthew McKeon - 2017 - Synthese 194 (6):1919-1943.
    I advance a pragmatic account of begging the question according to which a use of an argument begs the question just in case it is used as a statement of inference and it fails to state an inference the arguer or an addressee can perform given what they explicitly believe. Accordingly, what begs questions are uses of arguments as statements of inference, and the root cause of begging the question is an argument’s failure to state an inference performable by the (...)
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  36.  1
    Crossing the Finish Line: Completing College at America's Public Universities.William G. Bowen, Matthew M. Chingos & Michael S. McPherson - 2011 - Princeton University Press.
    The United States has long been a model for accessible, affordable education, as exemplified by the country's public universities. And yet less than 60 percent of the students entering American universities today are graduating. Why is this happening, and what can be done? Crossing the Finish Line provides the most detailed exploration ever of college completion at America's public universities. This groundbreaking book sheds light on such serious issues as dropout rates linked to race, gender, and socioeconomic status. Probing graduation (...)
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  37.  2
    What Does Formal Logic Have to Do with Arguments?Matthew W. McKeon - 2022 - Metaphilosophy 53 (5):696-708.
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  38.  1
    The Evolution of Multicellularity.Matthew Herron, Peter L. Conlin & William Ratcliff (eds.) - 2022 - CRC Press.
    This book examines the origins and subsequent evolution of multicellularity. The transition from unicellular to multicellular life was one of a few major events in the history of life that created new opportunities for more complex biological systems to evolve.
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  39. "Matthew Arnold": William A. Madden. [REVIEW]Roy Park - 1969 - British Journal of Aesthetics 9 (1):97.
     
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  40. Review of Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus, by Ludwig Wittgenstein, Trans. C. K. Ogden. [REVIEW]Matthew McKeon - 2004 - Essays in Philosophy 5 (2):535-537.
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  41.  36
    Forall X.Matthew McKeon - 2006 - Teaching Philosophy 29 (4):387-390.
  42.  4
    Arguments and Reason-Giving.Matthew W. McKeon - 2022 - Argumentation 36 (2):229-247.
    Arguments figure prominently in our practices of reason-giving. For example, we use them to advance reasons for their conclusions in order to justify believing something, to explain why we believe something, and to persuade others to believe something. Intuitively, using arguments in these ways requires a certain degree of self-reflection. In this paper, I ask: what cognitive requirements are there for using an argument to advance reasons for its conclusion? Towards a partial response, the paper’s central thesis is that in (...)
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  43.  26
    Review of "The Tarskian Turn: Deflationism and Axiomatic Truth". [REVIEW]Matthew McKeon - 2012 - Essays in Philosophy 13 (2):19.
  44. Matthew Arnold: Culture's Unpopular Apostle.William D. Templeman - 1947 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 28 (4):405.
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  45. Matthew's Advice to a Divided Community: Mt. 17, 22–18, 35.William G. Thompson - 1970
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  46.  17
    Forall X: An Introduction to Formal Logic, Version 1.11.Matthew McKeon - 2006 - Teaching Philosophy 4 (4):387-390.
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  47.  13
    McGinn Colin. Logical Properties: Identity, Existence, Predication, Necessity, Truth. Clarendon Press, Oxford 2000, Vi+ 114 Pp. [REVIEW]Matthew McKeon - 2003 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 9 (1):39-42.
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  48.  22
    The Environment: Philosophy, Science, and Ethics.William P. Kabasenche, Michael O'Rourke & Matthew H. Slater (eds.) - 2012 - MIT Press.
    Philosophical reflections on the environment began with early philosophers' invocation of a cosmology that mixed natural and supernatural phenomena. Today, the central philosophical problem posed by the environment involves not what it can teach us about ourselves and our place in the cosmic order but rather how we can understand its workings in order to make better decisions about our own conduct regarding it. The resulting inquiry spans different areas of contemporary philosophy, many of which are represented by the fifteen (...)
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  49.  56
    Bertrand Russell and Logical Truth.Matthew Mckeon - 1999 - Philosophia 27 (3-4):541-553.
    I expose a tension in Bertrand Russell's, _Introduction to Mathematical Philosophy, between his account of logical truth and his view that logical truth is knowable without taking into account what the world is like. Russell makes the logical truth of a sentence turn on the actual truth of its second-order universal closure. But this results in making logical truth relative to the number of worldly individuals. I aim to use the tension in _Introduction to Mathematical Philosophy to classify the status (...)
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  50.  2
    Review of The Tarskian Turn: Deflationism and Axiomatic Truth, by Leon Horsten. [REVIEW]Matthew McKeon - 2012 - Essays in Philosophy 13 (2):623-631.
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