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Stuart Brown [76]Stuart M. Brown [43]Stephen F. Brown [41]Stuart C. Brown [40]
Stephen Brown [22]Stuart Gerry Brown [21]S. C. Brown [18]Scott D. Brown [16]

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Stephen Brown
Briar Cliff College
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Southern Cross University
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  1.  27
    The Concept of Law.Stuart M. Brown - 1963 - Philosophical Review 72 (2):250.
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  2. The Algorithm Audit: Scoring the Algorithms That Score Us.Jovana Davidovic, Shea Brown & Ali Hasan - 2021 - Big Data and Society 8 (1).
    In recent years, the ethical impact of AI has been increasingly scrutinized, with public scandals emerging over biased outcomes, lack of transparency, and the misuse of data. This has led to a growing mistrust of AI and increased calls for mandated ethical audits of algorithms. Current proposals for ethical assessment of algorithms are either too high level to be put into practice without further guidance, or they focus on very specific and technical notions of fairness or transparency that do not (...)
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  3.  72
    Empathy: A Review of the Concept. [REVIEW]Benjamin M. P. Cuff, Sarah J. Brown, Laura Taylor & Douglas J. Howat - 2016 - Emotion Review 8 (2):144-153.
    The inconsistent definition of empathy has had a negative impact on both research and practice. The aim of this article is to review and critically appraise a range of definitions of empathy and, through considered analysis, to develop a new conceptualisation. From the examination of 43 discrete definitions, 8 themes relating to the nature of empathy emerged: “distinguishing empathy from other concepts”; “cognitive or affective?”; “congruent or incongruent?”; “subject to other stimuli?”; “self/other distinction or merging?”; “trait or state influences?”; “has (...)
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  4.  20
    Diffusion Decision Model: Current Issues and History.Roger Ratcliff, Philip L. Smith, Scott D. Brown & Gail McKoon - 2016 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 20 (4):260-281.
  5. The Categorical Imperative.Stuart M. Brown & H. J. Paton - 1949 - Philosophical Review 58 (6):599 - 611.
  6.  95
    Reinterpreting the Empathy-Altruism Relationship: When One Into One Equals Oneness.Robert B. Cialdini, Stephanie L. Brown, Brian P. Lewis, Carol Luce & Steven L. Neuberg - 1997 - Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 73 (3):481-494.
    Important features of the self-concept can be located outside of the individual and inside close or related others. The authors use this insight to reinterpret data previously said to support the empathy-altruism model of helping, which asserts that empathic concern for another results in selflessness and true altruism. That is, they argue that the conditions that lead to empathic concern also lead to a greater sense of self-other overlap, raising the possibility that helping under these conditions is not selfless but (...)
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  7.  44
    The Social Psychology of Experience: Studies in Remembering and Forgetting.David Middleton & Steven Brown - 2005 - Sage Publications.
    It is very much connected to the social psychology of experience. This book is written for advanced undergraduate, masters and doctoral students in social psychology.
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  8.  19
    Microethics: The Ethics of Everyday Clinical Practice.Robert D. Truog, Stephen D. Brown, David Browning, Edward M. Hundert, Elizabeth A. Rider, Sigall K. Bell & Elaine C. Meyer - 2015 - Hastings Center Report 45 (1):11-17.
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  9. Psychology Without Foundations: History, Philosophy and Psychosocial Theory.Steven D. Brown - 2009 - Sage Publications.
    This new book proposes a way out of the crisis by letting go of the idea that psychology needs ‘new’ foundations or a new identity, whether biological, discursive, or cognitive. The psychological is not narrowly confined to any one aspect of human experience; it is quite literally ‘everywhere’. Drawing on a range of influential thinkers including Michel Serres, Michel Foucault, AN Whitehead, and Gilles Deleuze, the book proposes a strong process-oriented approach to the psychological, which studies ‘events’ or ‘occasions.’.
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  10.  40
    Effects of Training in the Responsible Conduct of Research: A Survey of Graduate Students in Experimental Sciences. [REVIEW]Michael Kalichman & Sarah Brown - 1998 - Science and Engineering Ethics 4 (4):487-498.
    In recent years, programs for training in research ethics have become widespread, but very little has been done to assess the effectiveness of this training. Because initial studies have failed to demonstrate a positive impact of research ethics training, this project defined two new outcome variables to be tested in a sample of graduate students at the University of California, San Diego. Trainees were surveyed to assess the role of ethics training in altering their perceptions about their own standards, or (...)
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  11.  28
    Withdrawal of Nonfutile Life Support After Attempted Suicide.Samuel M. Brown, C. Gregory Elliott & Robert Paine - 2013 - American Journal of Bioethics 13 (3):3-12.
    End-of-life decision making is fraught with ethical challenges. Withholding or withdrawing life support therapy is widely considered ethical in patients with high treatment burden, poor premorbid status, or significant projected disability even when such treatment is not “futile.” Whether such withdrawal of therapy in the aftermath of attempted suicide is ethical is not well established in the literature. We provide a clinical vignette and propose criteria under which such withdrawal would be ethical. We suggest that it is appropriate to withdraw (...)
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  12.  14
    The Multiattribute Linear Ballistic Accumulator Model of Context Effects in Multialternative Choice.Jennifer S. Trueblood, Scott D. Brown & Andrew Heathcote - 2014 - Psychological Review 121 (2):179-205.
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  13.  43
    Withdrawal of Nonfutile Life Support After Attempted Suicide.Samuel M. Brown, C. Gregory Elliott & Robert Paine - 2013 - American Journal of Bioethics: 13 (3):3 - 12.
    End-of-life decision making is fraught with ethical challenges. Withholding or withdrawing life support therapy is widely considered ethical in patients with high treatment burden, poor premorbid status, or significant projected disability even when such treatment is not ?futile.? Whether such withdrawal of therapy in the aftermath of attempted suicide is ethical is not well established in the literature. We provide a clinical vignette and propose criteria under which such withdrawal would be ethical. We suggest that it is appropriate to withdraw (...)
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  14.  60
    Reciprocal Relations Between Cognitive Neuroscience and Formal Cognitive Models: Opposites Attract?Birte U. Forstmann, Eric-Jan Wagenmakers, Tom Eichele, Scott Brown & John T. Serences - 2011 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 15 (6):272-279.
  15.  14
    A Joint Prosodic Origin of Language and Music.Steven Brown - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
  16.  58
    Algorithmic Bias and Risk Assessments: Lessons From Practice.Ali Hasan, Shea Brown, Jovana Davidovic, Benjamin Lange & Mitt Regan - 2022 - Digital Society 1 (1):1-15.
    In this paper, we distinguish between different sorts of assessments of algorithmic systems, describe our process of assessing such systems for ethical risk, and share some key challenges and lessons for future algorithm assessments and audits. Given the distinctive nature and function of a third-party audit, and the uncertain and shifting regulatory landscape, we suggest that second-party assessments are currently the primary mechanisms for analyzing the social impacts of systems that incorporate artificial intelligence. We then discuss two kinds of as-sessments: (...)
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  17.  59
    Against Instantiation as Identity.Scott Brown - 2017 - Philosophical Studies 174 (4):887-900.
    Some people object to realism about universals because they think that instantiation, the connection between something and the universals that characterize it, is too mysterious. Baxter and Armstrong try to make instantiation less mysterious by taking it to be a kind of partial identity. However, I argue that their accounts of instantiation, and any similar ones, fail.
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  18.  7
    On the Linear Relation Between the Mean and the Standard Deviation of a Response Time Distribution.Eric-Jan Wagenmakers & Scott Brown - 2007 - Psychological Review 114 (3):830-841.
  19.  2
    Philosophers Discuss Education.Stuart C. Brown (ed.) - 1975 - Macmillan Press.
  20.  17
    Michel Serres.Steven D. Brown - 2002 - Theory, Culture and Society 19 (3):1-27.
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  21.  30
    I Will Never Eat Another Strawberry Again: The Biopolitics of Consumer-Citizenship in the Fight Against Methyl Iodide in California.Julie Guthman & Sandy Brown - 2016 - Agriculture and Human Values 33 (3):575-585.
    In March of 2012, following a robust activist campaign, Arysta LifeScience withdrew the soil fumigant methyl iodide from the US market, just a little over a year after it had finally been registered for use in California. As a major part of the campaign against registration of the chemical, over 53,000 people, ostensibly acting as citizens rather than consumers, wrote public comments contesting the use of the chemical for its high toxicity. Although these comments had marginal impact on the outcome (...)
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  22.  8
    Leibniz.Stuart C. Brown - 1984 - Harvester Press.
  23.  14
    Nurses' Professional Values and Attitudes Toward Collaboration with Physicians.S. S. Brown, D. F. Lindell, M. A. Dolansky & J. S. Garber - 2015 - Nursing Ethics 22 (2):205-216.
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  24.  13
    A Ballistic Model of Choice Response Time.Scott Brown & Andrew Heathcote - 2005 - Psychological Review 112 (1):117-128.
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  25.  8
    Postmodern Marketing.Stephen Brown - 1995 - Thomson Learning.
  26. Tip-of-the-Tongue Phenomena: An Introductory Phenomenological Analysis.Steven Ravett Brown - 2000 - Consciousness and Cognition 9 (4):516-537.
    The issue of meaningful yet unexpressed background - to language, to our experiences of the body - is one whose exploration is still in its infancy. There are various aspects of "invisible," implicit, or background experiences which have been investigated from the viewpoints of phenomenology, cognitive psychology, and linguistics. I will claim that James, as explicated by Gurwitsch and others, has analyzed the phenomenon of fringes in such a way as to provide a structural framework from which to investigate and (...)
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  27. The Human-Animal Bond and Self Psychology: Toward a New Understanding.Sue-Ellen Brown - 2004 - Society and Animals 12 (1):67-86.
    The purpose of this paper is to introduce and define self psychology and its concepts so that they can be applied toward a new understanding of the human-nonhuman animal bond. The paper utilizes selected literature from both self psychology and the human-animal bond fields. The paper contains four primary conclusions: 1. Self psychology provides a unique model for understanding the depth and meaning of human-animal relationships; 2. Companion animals and humans can be equally important in their selfobject roles; 3. Self (...)
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  28.  15
    An Integrated Model of Choices and Response Times in Absolute Identification.Scott D. Brown, A. A. J. Marley, Christopher Donkin & Andrew Heathcote - 2008 - Psychological Review 115 (2):396-425.
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  29.  15
    Modeling the Covariance Structure of Complex Datasets Using Cognitive Models: An Application to Individual Differences and the Heritability of Cognitive Ability.Nathan J. Evans, Mark Steyvers & Scott D. Brown - 2018 - Cognitive Science 42 (6):1925-1944.
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  30.  9
    Bayesian Parametric Estimation of Stop-Signal Reaction Time Distributions.Dora Matzke, Conor V. Dolan, Gordon D. Logan, Scott D. Brown & Eric-Jan Wagenmakers - 2013 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 142 (4):1047-1073.
  31.  53
    Supporting the Best Charities is Harder Than It Seems.Steven G. Brown - 2016 - Journal of Global Ethics 12 (2):240-244.
    Once upon a time, I attempted to create a web-based one-stop-shop for global poverty relief called the Maximin Project. Drawing on aspects of that experience, I show that although some existing ways of rating and recommending charities are significantly better than others, there remain certain challenges that need to be overcome. Specifically, I argue that the emerging Effective Altruism movement, with its emphasis on measurable effectiveness, runs the risk of neglecting a whole range of projects that are necessary for a (...)
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  32.  20
    Response to Open Peer Commentaries on “Withdrawal of Nonfutile Life Support After Attempted Suicide”.Samuel M. Brown, C. Gregory Elliott & Robert Paine - 2013 - American Journal of Bioethics: 13 (3):W3 - W5.
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  33. Philosophers Discuss Education.S. C. Brown - 1977 - Mind 86 (344):611-614.
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  34.  32
    Philosophy Of Psychology.Stuart C. Brown (ed.) - 1974 - London: : Macmillan.
  35.  22
    Integrating Cognitive Process and Descriptive Models of Attitudes and Preferences.Guy E. Hawkins, A. A. J. Marley, Andrew Heathcote, Terry N. Flynn, Jordan J. Louviere & Scott D. Brown - 2014 - Cognitive Science 38 (4):701-735.
    Discrete choice experiments—selecting the best and/or worst from a set of options—are increasingly used to provide more efficient and valid measurement of attitudes or preferences than conventional methods such as Likert scales. Discrete choice data have traditionally been analyzed with random utility models that have good measurement properties but provide limited insight into cognitive processes. We extend a well-established cognitive model, which has successfully explained both choices and response times for simple decision tasks, to complex, multi-attribute discrete choice data. The (...)
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  36.  26
    An Integrated Perspective on the Relation Between Response Speed and Intelligence.Don van Ravenzwaaij, Scott Brown & Eric-Jan Wagenmakers - 2011 - Cognition 119 (3):381-393.
  37.  8
    The Fragile Nature of Contextual Preference Reversals: Reply to Tsetsos, Chater, and Usher.Jennifer S. Trueblood, Scott D. Brown & Andrew Heathcote - 2015 - Psychological Review 122 (4):848-853.
  38.  7
    Response to Open Peer Commentaries on “Withdrawal of Nonfutile Life Support After Attempted Suicide”.Samuel M. Brown, C. Gregory Elliott & Robert Paine - 2013 - American Journal of Bioethics 13 (3):W3-W5.
    End-of-life decision making is fraught with ethical challenges. Withholding or withdrawing life support therapy is widely considered ethical in patients with high treatment burden, poor premorbid status, or significant projected disability even when such treatment is not “futile.” Whether such withdrawal of therapy in the aftermath of attempted suicide is ethical is not well established in the literature. We provide a clinical vignette and propose criteria under which such withdrawal would be ethical. We suggest that it is appropriate to withdraw (...)
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  39. Leibniz.Stuart Brown - 1984 - Philosophy 61 (236):278-279.
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  40. Pet Attachment and Dissociation.Sue-Ellen Brown & Aaron Katcher - 2001 - Society and Animals 9 (1):25-41.
    This study replicated the co-existence of dissociation and pet attachment in 113 female veterinary technician students based on a bivariate correlation analysis and chi-square analysis of their responses to the 28-question Dissociative Experiences Scale and an eight-question "pet" attachment questionnaire.The study replicated the positive correlation between pet attachment and dissociation first reported by Brown & Katcher. Also replicated was the finding that significantly more with the highest pet attachment had clinical levels of dissociation than did those with lower attachment. Results (...)
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  41.  29
    Ethnic Variations in Pet Attachment Among Students at an American School of Veterinary Medicine.Sue-Ellen Brown - 2002 - Society and Animals 10 (4):455-456.
    This study explores ethnic variations in animal companion attachment among 133 students enrolled in a school of veterinary medicine. The 57 White and 76 African American participants completed surveys that included background information, several questions about their animal companions, and a pet attachment questionnaire .White students had significantly higher PAQ scores than did African American students . White students also had significantly more pets and more kinds of pets and were more likely to allow pets to sleep on their beds (...)
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  42.  96
    Civil Disobedience.Stuart M. Brown - 1961 - Journal of Philosophy 58 (22):669-681.
  43.  13
    Feeling the Pain of Others is Associated with Self-Other Confusion and Prior Pain Experience.Stuart W. G. Derbyshire, Jody Osborn & Steven Brown - 2013 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.
  44.  35
    Introduction: Contexts for a Comparative Relativism.Casper Bruun Jensen, Barbara Herrnstein Smith, G. E. R. Lloyd, Martin Holbraad, Andreas Roepstorff, Isabelle Stengers, Helen Verran, Steven D. Brown, Brit Ross Winthereik, Marilyn Strathern, Bruce Kapferer, Annemarie Mol, Morten Axel Pedersen, Eduardo Viveiros de Castro, Matei Candea, Debbora Battaglia & Roy Wagner - 2011 - Common Knowledge 17 (1):1-12.
    This introduction to the Common Knowledge symposium titled “Comparative Relativism” outlines a variety of intellectual contexts where placing the unlikely companion terms comparison and relativism in conjunction offers analytical purchase. If comparison, in the most general sense, involves the investigation of discrete contexts in order to elucidate their similarities and differences, then relativism, as a tendency, stance, or working method, usually involves the assumption that contexts exhibit, or may exhibit, radically different, incomparable, or incommensurable traits. Comparative studies are required to (...)
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  45. Biographical Dictionary of Twentieth-Century Philosophers.Stuart C. Brown, Diané Collinson & Robert Wilkinson (eds.) - 1995 - Routledge.
    This _Biographical Dictionary_ provides detailed accounts of the lives, works, influence and reception of thinkers from all the major philosophical schools and traditions of the twentieth-century. This unique volume covers the lives and careers of thinkers from all areas of philosophy - from analytic philosophy to Zen and from formal logic to aesthetics. All the major figures of philosophy, such as Nietzsche, Wittgenstein and Russell are examined and analysed. The scope of the work is not merely restricted to the major (...)
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  46. Conceptions of Inquiry.Stuart Brown - 1981 - Routledge.
    First Published in 1981. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
     
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  47.  10
    Philosophical Disputes in the Social Sciences.Stuart C. Brown (ed.) - 1979 - Humanities Press.
  48.  5
    What We Know About Team Dynamics for Long-Distance Space Missions: A Systematic Review of Analog Research.Suzanne T. Bell, Shanique G. Brown & Tyree Mitchell - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  49.  19
    When Extremists Win: Cultural Transmission Via Iterated Learning When Populations Are Heterogeneous.Danielle J. Navarro, Amy Perfors, Arthur Kary, Scott D. Brown & Chris Donkin - 2018 - Cognitive Science 42 (7):2108-2149.
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  50.  16
    Feedback Influences Children's Reasoning About Math Equivalence: A Meta-Analytic Review.Emily R. Fyfe & Sarah A. Brown - 2018 - Thinking and Reasoning 24 (2):157-178.
    Decades of research have focused on children's reasoning about math equivalence problems for both practical and theoretical insights. Not only are math equivalence problems foundational in arithmetic and algebra, they also represent a class of problems on which children's thinking is resistant to change. Feedback is one instructional tool that can serve as a key trigger of cognitive change. In this paper, we review all experimental studies on the effects of feedback on children's understanding of math equivalence. Meta-analytic results indicate (...)
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