Results for 'Nathan Schradle'

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  1.  59
    In Algorithms We Trust: Magical Thinking, Superintelligent Ai and Quantum Computing.Nathan Schradle - 2020 - Zygon 55 (3):733-747.
    This article analyzes current attitudes toward artificial intelligence (AI) and quantum computing and argues that they represent a modern‐day form of magical thinking. It proposes that AI and quantum computing are thus excellent examples of the ways that traditional distinctions between religion, science, and magic fail to account for the vibrancy and energy that surround modern technologies.
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  2. Frege’s Puzzle (2nd edition).Nathan U. Salmon - 1986 - Atascadero, CA: Ridgeview Publishing Company.
    This is the 1991 (2nd) edition of the 1986 book (MIT Press), considered to be the classic defense of Millianism. The nature of the information content of declarative sentences is a central topic in the philosophy of language. The natural view that a sentence like "John loves Mary" contains information in which two individuals occur as constituents is termed the naive theory, and is one that has been abandoned by most contemporary scholars. This theory was refuted originally by philosopher Gottlob (...)
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  3. Nonexistence.Nathan Salmon - 1998 - Noûs 32 (3):277-319.
  4. Modal Paradox: Parts and Counterparts, Points and Counterpoints.Nathan Salmon - 1986 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 11 (1):75-120.
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  5. Against Phenomenal Conservatism.Nathan Hanna - 2011 - Acta Analytica 26 (3):213-221.
    Recently, Michael Huemer has defended the Principle of Phenomenal Conservatism: If it seems to S that p, then, in the absence of defeaters, S thereby has at least some degree of justification for believing that p. This principle has potentially far-reaching implications. Huemer uses it to argue against skepticism and to defend a version of ethical intuitionism. I employ a reductio to show that PC is false. If PC is true, beliefs can yield justification for believing their contents in cases (...)
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  6. Fictitious Existence versus Nonexistence.Nathan Salmon - forthcoming - Grazer Philosophische Studien.
    A correct observation to the effect that a does not exist, where ‘a’ is a singular term, could be true on any of a variety of grounds. Typically, a true, singular negative existential is true on the unproblematic ground that the subject term ‘a’ designates something that does not presently exist. More interesting philosophically is a singular, negative existential statement in which the subject term ‘a’ designates nothing at all. Both of these contrast sharply with a singular, negative existential in (...)
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  7.  5
    Reassessing the VaxTax.Nathan Petrovic - 2024 - Journal of Medical Ethics 50 (4):222-225.
    To counter the imbalance in vaccine distribution during the COVID-19 pandemic, Albertsen and more recently Germani _et al_ have suggested a new system of taxation coined as ‘VaxTax’ that would force higher-income countries to fund the access of low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs) to new vaccines in times of pandemic. I will argue that this idea faces numerous challenges of ethical, sociopolitical and economical nature that may hinder any effort to solve the numerous health challenges that LMICs face. I argue (...)
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  8.  51
    Two (Failed) Versions of Hume's Argument Against Miracles.Nathan Rockwood - forthcoming - Faith and Philosophy.
    Hume’s argument against believing the testimony of miracles is the most influential treatment of the topic, but there is not yet a consensus on how to interpret his argument. Two arguments are attributed to him. First, Hume seems to start with the infrequency of miracles and uses this to infer that the testimony of a miracle is exceedingly unlikely, and this then creates strong but defeasible evidence against the testimony of any miracle. Second, perhaps Hume takes the constancy of our (...)
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  9. Conciliationism and Uniqueness.Nathan Ballantyne & E. J. Coffman - 2012 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 90 (4):657-670.
    Two theses are central to recent work on the epistemology of disagreement: Conciliationism:?In a revealed peer disagreement over P, each thinker should give at least some weight to her peer's attitude. Uniqueness:?For any given proposition and total body of evidence, the evidence fully justifies exactly one level of confidence in the proposition. 1This paper is the product of full and equal collaboration between its authors. Does Conciliationism commit one to Uniqueness? Thomas Kelly 2010 has argued that it does. After some (...)
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  10.  10
    Hume and the Demands of Philosophy: Science, Skepticism, and Moderation.Nathan I. Sasser - 2022 - Lanham: Lexington Books.
    This book argues that Hume is a radical epistemic skeptic who gives only practical reasons for retaining belief in sensory beliefs and the deliverances of reason. He advises us to take a moderate approach to the demands of philosophy, since they sometimes diverge from the demands of life.
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  11. Disagreement: What’s the Problem? or A Good Peer is Hard to Find.Nathan L. King - 2012 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 85 (2):249-272.
  12.  93
    Propositions and Attitudes.Nathan Salmon & Scott Soames (eds.) - 1988 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    The concept of a proposition is important in several areas of philosophy and central to the philosophy of language. This collection of readings investigates many different philosophical issues concerning the nature of propositions and the ways they have been regarded through the years. Reflecting both the history of the topic and the range of contemporary views, the book includes articles from Bertrand Russell, Gottlob Frege, the Russell-Frege Correspondence, Alonzo Church, David Kaplan, John Perry, Saul Kripke, Hilary Putnam, Mark Richard, Scott (...)
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  13. Tom Regan on Kind Arguments against Animal Rights and for Human Rights.Nathan Nobis - 2016 - In Mylan Engel & Gary Lynn Comstock (eds.), The Moral Rights of Animals. Lanham, MD: Lexington. pp. 65-80.
    Tom Regan argues that human beings and some non-human animals have moral rights because they are “subjects of lives,” that is, roughly, conscious, sentient beings with an experiential welfare. A prominent critic, Carl Cohen, objects: he argues that only moral agents have rights and so animals, since they are not moral agents, lack rights. An objection to Cohen’s argument is that his theory of rights seems to imply that human beings who are not moral agents have no moral rights, but (...)
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  14. Impossible Odds.Nathan Salmón - 2019 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 99 (3):644-662.
    A thesis (“weak BCP”) nearly universally held among philosophers of probability connects the concepts of objective chance and metaphysical modality: Any prospect (outcome) that has a positive chance of obtaining is metaphysically possible—(nearly) equivalently, any metaphysically impossible prospect has zero chance. Particular counterexamples are provided utilizing the monotonicity of chance, one of them related to the four world paradox. Explanations are offered for the persistent feeling that there cannot be chancy metaphysical necessities or chancy metaphysical impossibilities. Chance is objective but (...)
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  15. Sleeping Beauty: Awakenings, Chance, Secrets, and Video.Nathan Salmón - 2024 - In Alessandro Capone, Pietro Perconti & Roberto Graci (eds.), Philosophy, Cognition and Pragmatics. Springer Nature Switzerland. pp. 53-65.
    A new philosophical analysis is provided of the notorious Sleeping Beauty Problem. It is argued that the correct solution is one-third, but not in the way previous philosophers have typically meant this. A modified version of the Problem demonstrates that neither self-locating information nor amnesia is relevant to the core Problem, which is simply to evaluate the conditional chance of heads given an undated Monday-or-Tuesday awakening. Previous commentators have failed to appreciate the significance of the information that Beauty gains upon (...)
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  16.  7
    Working memory capacity for continuous events: The root of temporal compression in episodic memory?Nathan Leroy, Steve Majerus & Arnaud D'Argembeau - 2024 - Cognition 247 (C):105789.
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  17.  5
    Principle and Prudence.Nathan Tarcov - 2016 - In Christopher Lynch & Jonathan Marks (eds.), Principle and prudence in Western political thought. Albany: State University of New York Press. pp. 237-255.
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  18.  22
    The excellent mind: intellectual virtues for everyday life.Nathan L. King - 2021 - New York, NY, United States of America: Oxford University Press.
    What makes for a good education? What does one need to count as well-educated? Knowledge, to be sure. But knowledge is easily forgotten, and today's knowledge may be obsolete tomorrow. Skills, particularly in critical thinking, are crucial as well. But absent the right motivation, graduates may fail to put their skills to good use. In this book, Nathan King argues that intellectual virtues-traits like curiosity, intellectual humility, honesty, intellectual courage, and open-mindedness-are central to any education worthy of the name. (...)
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  19. Synonymy.Nathan Salmón - 2024 - In Alessandro Capone, Pietro Perconti & Roberto Graci (eds.), Philosophy, Cognition and Pragmatics. Springer Nature Switzerland. pp. 45-52.
    Alonzo Church famously provided three principal competing criteria for “strict synonymy,” i.e., sameness of semantic content. These are his Alternatives (0), (1), and (2)—numbered in order of increasing course-grainedness of content. On Alternative (2), expressions are deemed strictly synonymous iff they are logically equivalent. This criterion seems hopeless as an account of the objects of propositional attitude. On Alternative (1), expressions are deemed synonymous iff they are λ-convertible. Alternative (1) also evidently conflicts with discourse about the attitudes. On Alternative (0), (...)
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  20.  3
    The keys of power: the rhetoric and politics of transcendentalism.Nathan Crick - 2017 - [Columbia, South Carolina]: The University of South Carolina Press.
    Examines transcendentalism as a distinct rhetorical genre concerned primarily and self-consciously with questions of power.
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  21. Non-Domination, Governmentality and the Care of the Self.Nathan Eisenstadt - 2016 - In Marcelo José Lopes Souza, Richard John White & Simon Springer (eds.), Theories of resistance: anarchism, geography, and the spirit of revolt. Lanham, Maryland: Rowman & Littlefield International.
     
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  22.  2
    Faith physics: a new theory of everything.Nathan V. Hoffman - 2020 - Irvine: Universal-Publishers.
    Faith Physics maintains a sublime timeless 'Supreme Consciousness' is the catalyst of all material creation as a 'great thought' via pure white 'light' in zero-point quantum fields. In the quantum wave/particle mass duality paradigm, energy itself traveling below the speed of light becomes particulate physical matter in accord with Einstein's famous equation of E=mc2. Using the natural laws of classical physics, quantum mechanics, and the dark matter/energy that composes 95% of our known universe, a Supreme Consciousness or Godhead manifests physical (...)
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  23.  4
    Reference and Essence.Nathan U. Salmon - 1981 - Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
    Considered a classic in the philosophy of language movement known variously as the New Theory of Reference or the Direct-Reference Theory, as well as in the metaphysics of modal essentialism that is related to this philosophy of language. This award-winning book is based on the author’s doctoral dissertation.
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  24.  11
    Raymond Aron and his dialogues in an age of ideologies.Nathan M. Orlando - 2022 - New York: Peter Lang.
    Raymond Aron and his Dialogues in an Age of Ideologies examines the thought and rhetoric of the most interesting thinker of the twentieth century of whom no one has heard. This book investigates Raymond Aron's conversations on politics during the Cold War with several of his more well-known interlocutors including Jean-Paul Sartre, Friedrich Hayek, and Charles de Gaulle. Through exploring these dialogues on the subjects of Marxism, freedom, and nationalism, we see the prudence of Aron's politics of understanding as well (...)
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  25. Metaphysics, Mathematics, and Meaning: Philosophical Papers I.Nathan Salmon (ed.) - 2005 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    Metaphysics, Mathematics, and Meaning brings together Nathan Salmon's influential papers on topics in the metaphysics of existence, non-existence, and fiction; modality and its logic; strict identity, including personal identity; numbers and numerical quantifiers; the philosophical significance of Godel's Incompleteness theorems; and semantic content and designation. Including a previously unpublished essay and a helpful new introduction to orient the reader, the volume offers rich and varied sustenance for philosophers and logicians.
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  26. Dis-)continuities from "within" the West. "A double set of glasses": Stanley Kubrick and the midrashic mode of interpretation.Nathan Abrams - 2012 - In Saër Maty Bâ & Will Higbee (eds.), De-westernizing film studies. New York: Routledge.
     
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  27.  43
    Philosophy and the return of violence: studies from this widening gyre.Nathan Eckstrand & Christopher S. Yates (eds.) - 2011 - London: Continuum International Publishing Group.
    A range of leading philosophers set the best resources of the philosophical tradition to the task of interpreting violence in its diverse expressions. >.
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  28. Epistemic Trespassing.Nathan Ballantyne - 2019 - Mind 128 (510):367-395.
    Epistemic trespassers judge matters outside their field of expertise. Trespassing is ubiquitous in this age of interdisciplinary research and recognizing this will require us to be more intellectually modest.
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  29.  79
    À Propos de Pierre, Does He…or Doesn’t He?Nathan Salmon - 2023 - In Ernest Lepore & David Sosa (eds.), Oxford Studies in Philosophy of Language, 3. Oxford University Press. pp. 176-181.
    In Frege’s Puzzle (1986), Salmon analyzed ‘a withholds believing p’ in terms of a ternary relation BEL of x believing a proposition p under a guise g. The proposed analysis is the following: There is a proposition guise g such that a grasps p by means of g but a does not stand in BEL to p and g. Sean Crawford has made a proposal for Millians to evade propositional guises through second-order belief. Specifically, in effect, Crawford’s proposes to analyze (...)
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  30. Why Sex Is Special: Psychoanalysis against New Materialism.Nathan Gorelick - 2020 - In Russell Sbriglia & Slavoj Žižek (eds.), Subject lessons: Hegel, Lacan, and the future of materialism. Evanston, Illinois: Northwestern University Press.
     
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  31. Sefer Likute etsot.Nathan ben Kaphtali Herz - 1975 - [Brooklyn?]:
     
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  32. Kuntres Nidhe Yiśrael yekhanes.Nathan Sternharz - 1975
     
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  33. In defense of content-independence.Nathan Adams - 2017 - Legal Theory 23 (3):143-167.
    Discussions of political obligation and political authority have long focused on the idea that the commands of genuine authorities constitute content-independent reasons. Despite its centrality in these debates, the notion of content-independence is unclear and controversial, with some claiming that it is incoherent, useless, or increasingly irrelevant. I clarify content-independence by focusing on how reasons can depend on features of their source or container. I then solve the long-standing puzzle of whether the fact that laws can constitute content-independent reasons is (...)
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  34. Salience, Imagination, and Moral Luck.Nathan Stout - 2017 - Philosophical Papers 46 (2):297-313.
    One key desideratum of a theory of blame is that it be able to explain why we typically have differing blaming responses in cases involving significant degrees of luck. T.M. Scanlon has proposed a relational account of blame, and he has argued that his account succeeds in this regard and that this success makes his view preferable to reactive attitude accounts of blame. In this paper, I aim to show that Scanlon's view is open to a different kind of luck-based (...)
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  35. Relational Belief.Nathan Salmón - 1995 - In Paolo Leonardi & Marco Santambrogio (eds.), Metaphysics, Mathemeatics, and Meaning. Cambridge University Press. pp. 206-228.
  36.  62
    Introduction to Propositions and Attitudes.Nathan Salmon & Scott Soames - 1988 - In Nathan Salmon & Scott Soames (eds.), _Propositions and Attitudes_. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 1-15.
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  37.  9
    Breaking the Spell.Nathan Mueller & Leilani Mueller - 2019-10-03 - In Richard B. Davis (ed.), Disney and Philosophy. Wiley. pp. 177–183.
    To be a prisoner either in Plato's cave or in the Beast's castle is a form of existence no one would desire. And yet the story of Disney's Beauty and the Beast – in particular, the spell that imprisoned the Beast and his servants – is a tale as old as time. It is one's common human experience: one's recognition that he/she is shackled by ignorance and unfulfilled potential, and his/her desperate desire to escape. Unfortunately, however, breaking the chains and (...)
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  38. Reference and Essence, expanded edition (2nd edition).Nathan U. Salmon - 2005 - Amherst, NY: Prometheus Books.
    This is the second edition of an award-winning 1981 book (Princeton University Press and Basil Blackwell, based on the author’s doctoral dissertation) considered to be a classic in the philosophy of language movement known variously as the New Theory of Reference or the Direct-Reference Theory, as well as in the metaphysics of modal essentialism that is related to this philosophy of language.
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  39. Martin Buber.Nathan Peter Levinson - 1966 - (Frankfurt a.: M.) Europäische Verlagsanstalt.
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  40.  28
    Stacking functions: identifying motivational frames guiding urban agriculture organizations and businesses in the United States and Canada.Nathan McClintock & Michael Simpson - 2018 - Agriculture and Human Values 35 (1):19-39.
    While a growing body of scholarship identifies urban agriculture’s broad suite of benefits and drivers, it remains unclear how motivations to engage in urban agriculture (UA) interrelate or how they differ across cities and types of organizations. In this paper, we draw on survey responses collected from more than 250 UA organizations and businesses from 84 cities across the United States and Canada. Synthesizing the results of our quantitative analysis of responses (including principal components analysis), qualitative analysis of textual data (...)
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  41.  58
    Content, Cognition, and Communication: Philosophical Papers II.Nathan U. Salmon (ed.) - 2007 - Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
    Nathan Salmon presents a selection of nineteen of his essays from the early 1980s to 2006, on a set of closely connected topics central to analytic philosophy. The book is divided into four thematic sections, on direct reference, apriority, belief, and the distinction between semantics and pragmatics. The volume concludes with four essays about the distinction between meaning and use, or more generally, the distinction between semantics and pragmatics.
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  42. Anarchism and Political Modernity.Nathan Jun - 2011 - New York: Bloomsbury.
    Anarchism and Political Modernity looks at the place of 'classical anarchism' in the postmodern political discourse, claiming that anarchism presents a vision of political postmodernity. The book seeks to foster a better understanding of why and how anarchism is growing in the present. To do so, it first looks at its origins and history, offering a different view from the two traditions that characterize modern political theory: socialism and liberalism. Such an examination leads to a better understanding of how anarchism (...)
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  43. Knowing Our Limits.Nathan Ballantyne - 2019 - New York, NY, USA: Oxford University Press.
    Changing our minds isn't easy. Even when we recognize our views are disputed by intelligent and informed people, we rarely doubt our rightness. Why is this so? How can we become more open-minded, putting ourselves in a better position to tolerate conflict, advance collective inquiry, and learn from differing perspectives in a complex world? -/- Nathan Ballantyne defends the indispensable role of epistemology in tackling these issues. For early modern philosophers, the point of reflecting on inquiry was to understand (...)
  44. Or ha-tsafun.Nathan Zevi Finkel - 1959
     
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  45. Foundational Issues in Molecular Medicine.Marco Nathan & Giovanni Boniolo (eds.) - 2016 - Routledge.
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  46. Epiḳoros, ha-ish u-mishnato.Nathan Spiegel - 1981 - Yerushalayim,:
     
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  47. Soḳraṭes, ḥayaṿ u-mishnato.Nathan Spiegel - 1979 - Yerushalayim: Ḥotsaʼat sefarim ʻa"sh Y.L. Magnes, Universiṭah ha-ʻivrit.
     
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  48.  35
    Aesthetic Creation.Daniel O. Nathan - 2008 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 66 (4):416-418.
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  49. Paideia for Praxis: Philosophy and Pedagogy as Practices of Liberation.Nathan Jun - 2012 - In Robert Haworth (ed.), Anarchist Pedagogies: Collective Actions, Theories, and Critical Reflections on Education. PM Press. pp. 283-302.
  50. On the Spiritual Exploitation of the Poor.Nathan Jun - 2017 - In Michael Truscello & Ajamu Nangwaya (eds.), Why Don't the Poor Rise Up? Organizing the Twenty-First Century Resistance. AK Press. pp. 133-144.
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