Results for 'Monica Beltrametti'

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  1.  98
    AI4People—an Ethical Framework for a Good AI Society: Opportunities, Risks, Principles, and Recommendations.Luciano Floridi, Josh Cowls, Monica Beltrametti, Raja Chatila, Patrice Chazerand, Virginia Dignum, Christoph Luetge, Robert Madelin, Ugo Pagallo, Francesca Rossi, Burkhard Schafer, Peggy Valcke & Effy Vayena - 2018 - Minds and Machines 28 (4):689-707.
    This article reports the findings of AI4People, an Atomium—EISMD initiative designed to lay the foundations for a “Good AI Society”. We introduce the core opportunities and risks of AI for society; present a synthesis of five ethical principles that should undergird its development and adoption; and offer 20 concrete recommendations—to assess, to develop, to incentivise, and to support good AI—which in some cases may be undertaken directly by national or supranational policy makers, while in others may be led by other (...)
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  2.  13
    Institutional Dynamics and Organizations Affecting the Adoption of Sustainable Development in the United Kingdom and Brazil.Mônica Cavalcanti Sá de Abreu, Larissa Teixeira da Cunha & Claire Y. Barlow - 2015 - Business Ethics: A European Review 24 (1):73-90.
    This paper provides an exploratory comparative assessment of the institutional pressures influencing corporate social responsibility in a developed country, UK, vs. a developing country, Brazil, based on a survey of different actors. Information on sustainability concerns, organizational strategies and mechanisms of pressure was collected through interviews with environmental regulatory agencies, financial institutions, media and non-governmental organizations. Our results confirm that the more advanced awareness and CSR responsiveness in the UK is a consequence of a predominance of coercive and normative forces (...)
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  3.  28
    Strategies in Syllogistic Reasoning.Monica Bucciarelli & P. N. Johnson-Laird - 1999 - Cognitive Science 23 (3):247-303.
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  4.  72
    Do Perceptions of Ethical Conduct Matter During Organizational Change? Ethical Leadership and Employee Involvement.Monica M. Sharif & Terri A. Scandura - 2014 - Journal of Business Ethics 124 (2):1-12.
    Ethical leadership matters in the context of organizational change due to the need for followers to trust the integrity of their leaders. Yet, there have been no studies investigating ethical leadership and organizational change. To fill this gap, we introduce a model of the moderating role of involvement in change. Organizational change and involvement in change are proposed as context-level moderators in the relationships of ethical leadership and work-related attitudes and performance. We employ a sample of 199 supervisor–subordinate pairs from (...)
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  5.  21
    Culture: Copying, Compression, and Conventionality.Mónica Tamariz & Simon Kirby - 2015 - Cognitive Science 39 (1):171-183.
    Through cultural transmission, repeated learning by new individuals transforms cultural information, which tends to become increasingly compressible . Existing diffusion chain studies include in their design two processes that could be responsible for this tendency: learning and reproducing . This paper manipulates the presence of learning in a simple iterated drawing design experiment. We find that learning seems to be the causal factor behind the increase in compressibility observed in the transmitted information, while reproducing is a source of random heritable (...)
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  6.  15
    Deciding When a Life is Not Worth Living: An Imperative to Measure What Matters.Monica E. Lemmon - 2020 - Journal of Medical Ethics 46 (1):18-19.
    As a neonatal neurologist, I serve families facing tragic decisions in which they must balance trade-offs between death and life with profound disability. I often find myself in complex discussions about future outcome, in which families sort through in real-time what information they value most in making such a choice. Will he laugh? Will he be in pain? Will he know how much he’s loved? In this month’s feature article, Brick et al share the results of an online survey aimed (...)
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  7.  27
    The Interactive Origin of Iconicity.Mónica Tamariz, Seán G. Roberts, J. Isidro Martínez & Julio Santiago - 2018 - Cognitive Science 42 (1):334-349.
    We investigate the emergence of iconicity, specifically a bouba-kiki effect in miniature artificial languages under different functional constraints: when the languages are reproduced and when they are used communicatively. We ran transmission chains of participant dyads who played an interactive communicative game and individual participants who played a matched learning game. An analysis of the languages over six generations in an iterated learning experiment revealed that in the Communication condition, but not in the Reproduction condition, words for spiky shapes tend (...)
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  8.  33
    Green Companies or Green Con‐Panies: Are Companies Really Green, or Are They Pretending to Be?Monica Saha & Geoffrey Darnton - 2005 - Business and Society Review 110 (2):117-157.
  9.  29
    On the Vitality of Vitalism.Monica Greco - 2005 - Theory, Culture and Society 22 (1):15-27.
    The term ‘vitalism’ is most readily associated with a series of debates among 18th- and 19th-century biologists, and broadly with the claim that the explanation of living phenomena is not compatible with, or is not exhausted by, the principles of basic sciences like physics and chemistry. Scientists and philosophers have continued to address vitalism - mostly in order to reject it - well into the second half of the 20th century, in connection with classic concepts such as mechanism, reductionism, emergence, (...)
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  10. Climate Change and Structural Emissions: Moral Obligations at the Individual Level.Monica Aufrecht - 2011 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 25 (2):201-213.
    Given that mitigating climate change is a large-scale global issue, what obligations do individuals have to lower their personal carbon emissions? I survey recent suggestions by Walter Sinnott-Armstrong and Dale Jamieson and offer models for thinking about their respective approaches. I then present a third model based on the notion of structural violence. While the three models are not mutually incompatible, each one suggests a different focus for mitigating climate change. In the end, I agree with Sinnott-Armstrong that people have (...)
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  11.  31
    Compression and Communication in the Cultural Evolution of Linguistic Structure.Simon Kirby, Monica Tamariz, Hannah Cornish & Kenny Smith - 2015 - Cognition 141:87-102.
  12.  41
    Gadamer's Ethics of Play: Hermeneutics and the Other.Monica Vilhauer - 2010 - Lexington Books.
    Gadamer's Ethics of Play examines the ethical dimensions of understanding by focusing on the concept of dialogical "play" in Hans-Georg Gadamer's Truth and Method. The book is accessible to an undergraduate audience, while also being relevant to ongoing debates among Gadamer scholars.
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  13.  5
    Modeling Discrete and Continuous Entities with Fractions and Decimals.Monica Rapp, Miriam Bassok, Melissa DeWolf & Keith J. Holyoak - 2015 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 21 (1):47-56.
  14.  8
    Folk Theories of Algorithmic Recommendations on Spotify: Enacting Data Assemblages in the Global South.Mónica Sancho, Ricardo Solís, Andrés Segura-Castillo & Ignacio Siles - 2020 - Big Data and Society 7 (1).
    This paper examines folk theories of algorithmic recommendations on Spotify in order to make visible the cultural specificities of data assemblages in the global South. The study was conducted in Costa Rica and draws on triangulated data from 30 interviews, 4 focus groups with 22 users, and the study of “rich pictures” made by individuals to graphically represent their understanding of algorithmic recommendations. We found two main folk theories: one that personifies Spotify and another one that envisions it as a (...)
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  15.  12
    Superstability and Symmetry.Monica M. VanDieren - 2016 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 167 (12):1171-1183.
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  16.  22
    Gratitude: Prompting Behaviours That Build Relationships.Monica Y. Bartlett, Paul Condon, Jourdan Cruz, Jolie Baumann & David Desteno - 2012 - Cognition and Emotion 26 (1):2-13.
  17.  15
    Identity, Family, Relationships Among Groups and Socioeducational Disadvantage as Factors of School Failure: A Cross-Sectional Study in A Group of Junior High School Students of The Sicilian Hinterland.Monica Pellerone, Tiziana Ramaci & Sandra MiccichÈ - 2018 - World Futures 74 (5):321-342.
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  18.  5
    Categoricity in Abstract Elementary Classes with No Maximal Models.Monica VanDieren - 2006 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 141 (1):108-147.
    The results in this paper are in a context of abstract elementary classes identified by Shelah and Villaveces in which the amalgamation property is not assumed. The long-term goal is to solve Shelah’s Categoricity Conjecture in this context. Here we tackle a problem of Shelah and Villaveces by proving that in their context, the uniqueness of limit models follows from categoricity under the assumption that the subclass of amalgamation bases is closed under unions of bounded, -increasing chains.
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  19.  20
    The Nature of Silence and Its Democratic Possibilities.Mónica Brito Vieira, Theo Jung, Sean W. D. Gray & Toby Rollo - 2019 - Contemporary Political Theory 18 (3):424-447.
  20.  8
    Emerging Diseases, Re‐Emerging Histories.Monica H. Green - 2020 - Centaurus 62 (2):234-247.
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  21.  17
    In Defense of Nudging When the Stakes Are High.Monica E. Lemmon & Peter A. Ubel - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (5):62-63.
    Volume 19, Issue 5, May 2019, Page 62-63.
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  22.  56
    Fairly Prioritizing Groups for Access to COVID-19 Vaccines.Govind Persad, Monica E. Peek & Ezekiel J. Emanuel - 2020 - JAMA 1.
    Initial vaccine allocations for the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) will be limited. It is crucial to assess the ethical values associated with different methods of allocation, as well as important scientific and practical questions. This Viewpoint identifies three ethical values, benefiting people and limiting harm; prioritizing disadvantaged populations; and equal concern for all. It then explains why these values support prioritizing three groups: health care workers; other essential workers and people in high-transmission settings; and people with medical vulnerabilities associated with (...)
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  23.  13
    Models Based on Value and Probability in Health Improve Shared Decision Making.Monica Ortendahl - 2008 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 14 (5):714-717.
  24.  14
    Neural Correlates of Verbal Working Memory: An fMRI Meta-Analysis.Mónica Emch, Claudia C. von Bastian & Kathrin Koch - 2019 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 13.
  25.  14
    Green Companies or Green Con-Panies: Are Companies Really Green, or Are They Pretending to Be?Monica Saha & Geoffrey Darnton - 2005 - Business and Society Review 110 (2):117-157.
  26.  48
    Reasoning in Moral Conflicts.Monica Bucciarelli & Margherita Daniele - 2015 - Thinking and Reasoning 21 (3):265-294.
    Following the assumptions of the mental model theory and its account of moral judgements, we argue for a main role of reasoning in moral judgements, especially in dealing with moral conflicts. In four experiments, we invited adult participants to evaluate scenarios describing moral or immoral actions. Our results confirm the predictions deriving from our assumptions: Given a moral or immoral scenario, the manipulation of the propositions which refer to norms and values results in a scenario eliciting a moral conflict ; (...)
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  27.  28
    Moral Dilemmas in Females: Children Are More Utilitarian Than Adults.Monica Bucciarelli - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  28. On Bell-Type Inequalities.Enrico G. Beltrametti & Maciej J. Maczynski - 1994 - Foundations of Physics 24 (8):1153-1159.
    A Bell-type inequality is defined as an inequality of the type 0⩽L⩽1,where L is a linear combination with real coefficients of probabilities p i and joint probabilities p ij ,p ijk ,...,p l ,...,n corresponding to n events. A general theorem on the validity of such inequalities in correspondence to physical assumptions about commutativity or noncommutativity is given. Examples and possible physical applications are discussed.
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  29.  14
    Simmel’s Law of the Individual and the Ethics of the Relational Self.Monica Lee & Daniel Silver - 2012 - Theory, Culture and Society 29 (7-8):124-145.
    Georg Simmel’s final work, The View of Life, concludes his lifelong engagement with Immanuel Kant by ‘inverting’ Kant’s Categorical Imperative to produce an ethics of authentic individuality. While Kant’s moral imperative is universal to all individuals but particular to their discrete acts, Simmel’s Law of the Individual is particular to each individual but universal to all the individual’s acts. We assess the significance of Simmel’s formulation of the Law of the Individual in three steps: First, as an articulation of an (...)
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  30.  9
    Populism as a Logic of Political Action.Mónica Brito Vieira & Filipe Carreira da Silva - 2019 - European Journal of Social Theory 22 (4):497-512.
    This article offers a new understanding of populism. The argument unfolds as follows: first, the populist literature is reviewed and two main approaches are identified: ontic and logic-oriented, the more important of which is the Schmitt-Laclau logic of enmity. While the authors broadly agree with Laclau’s criticism of ontic approaches, they endorse neither his ontological understanding of enmity, nor his claim that populism is politics, and enmity is the logic of populism. Next, the origins of populism are located in a (...)
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  31.  17
    Improving the Modeling of Dog-Owner Interactions for the Design of Social Robots.Monica Nicolescu - 2014 - Interaction Studies 15 (2):180-183.
  32.  12
    Onset of Sexual Activity Among Adolescents in Hiv/Aids-Affected Households in Sub-Saharan Africa.Monica A. Magadi & Joseph Uchudi - 2015 - Journal of Biosocial Science 47 (2):238-257.
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  33.  6
    Gender Transition: Is There a Right to Be Forgotten?Mónica Correia, Guilhermina Rêgo & Rui Nunes - 2021 - Health Care Analysis 29 (4):283-300.
    The European Union faced high risks from personal data proliferation to individuals’ privacy. Legislation has emerged that seeks to articulate all interests at stake, balancing the need for data flow from EU countries with protecting personal data: the General Data Protection Regulation. One of the mechanisms established by this new law to strengthen the individual’s control over their data is the so-called “right to be forgotten”, the right to obtain from the controller the erasure of records. In gender transition, this (...)
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  34.  3
    Cohort Increases in Sex with Same-Sex Partners: Do Trends Vary by Gender, Race, and Class?Mónica L. Caudillo, Jessie Ford, Paula England & Emma Mishel - 2020 - Gender and Society 34 (2):178-209.
    We examine change across U.S. cohorts born between 1920 and 2000 in their probability of having had sex with same-sex partners in the last year and since age 18. Using data from the 1988–2018 General Social Surveys, we explore how trends differ by gender, race, and class background. We find steep increases across birth cohorts in the proportion of women who have had sex with both men and women since age 18, whereas increases for men are less steep. We suggest (...)
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  35.  4
    Editorial: Human and Social Competition: An Interdisciplinary and Transdisciplinary Perspective.Monica Thiel, Julia Levashina, Gabriele Giorgi, Aaron Williamon, Darren C. Treadway, Kai Wen & Qing Wang - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  36.  90
    Quantum Mechanics and Operational Probability Theory.E. G. Beltrametti & S. Bugajski - 2002 - Foundations of Science 7 (1-2):197-212.
    We discuss a generalization of the standard notion of probability space and show that the emerging framework, to be called operational probability theory, can be considered as underlying quantal theories. The proposed framework makes special reference to the convex structure of states and to a family of observables which is wider than the familiar set of random variables: it appears as an alternative to the known algebraic approach to quantum probability.
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  37. Leave Only Footprints? Reframing Climate Change, Environmental Stewardship, and Human Impact.Monica Aufrecht - 2017 - Ethics, Policy and Environment 20 (1):84-102.
    Cheryl Hall has argued that framing of climate change must acknowledge the sacrifices needed to reach a sustainable future. This paper builds on that argument. Although it is important to acknowledge the value of what must be sacrificed, this paper argues that current frames about the environment falsely portray humans and the environment as in a zero-sum game, and in doing so ask people to give up the wrong things. This could undermine the public’s trust in environmentalism, and might even (...)
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  38.  9
    The Changing Educators’ Work Environment in Contemporary Society.Monica Pedrazza, Sabrina Berlanda, Federica De Cordova & Marta Fraizzoli - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  39. Self-Consciousness and the Body.Monica Meijsing - 2000 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 7 (6):34-50.
    Traditionally, what we are conscious of in self-consciousness is something non-corporeal. But anti-Cartesian philosophers argue that the self is as much corporeal as it is mental. Because we have the sense of proprioception, a kind of body awareness, we are immediately aware of ourselves as bodies in physical space. In this debate the case histories of patients who have lost their sense of proprioception are clearly relevant. These patients do retain an awareness of themselves as corporeal beings, although they hardly (...)
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  40. Beyond the “Fusion Of Horizons”: Gadamer’s Notion of Understanding as “Play”.Monica Vilhauer - 2009 - Philosophy Today 53 (4):359-364.
    By moving beyond the overly emphasized image of a “fusion of horizons” and focusing on Gadamer’s concept of “play,” this paper aims to rehabilitate the dynamic and multi-vocal character of understanding as Gadamer conceives it, and to argue that “difference” is the life-blood of understanding against the recurring charge that Gadamer’s hermeneutics is fundamentally antagonistic to otherness.
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  41.  7
    Crítica a Las Genealogías Reales E Imaginarias.Mónica Humeres - 2018 - Cinta de Moebio 63:314-322.
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  42.  18
    Temperament, Executive Functioning, and Anxiety in School-Age Children Who Stutter.Mónica Soares Rocha, J. Scott Yaruss & Joana R. Rato - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  43.  30
    Quantum Mechanics Andp-Adic Numbers.E. G. Beltrametti & G. Cassinelli - 1972 - Foundations of Physics 2 (1):1-7.
    We study the possibility of representing the proposition lattice associated with a quantum system by a linear vector space with coefficients from ap-adic field. We find inconsistencies if the lattice is assumed, as usual, to be irreducible, complete, orthocomplemented, atomic, and weakly modular.
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  44.  9
    Symbolic Production in the Art Biennial: Making Worlds.Monica Sassatelli - 2017 - Theory, Culture and Society 34 (4):89-113.
    Biennials – periodic, independent and international exhibitions surveying trends in visual art – have with startling speed become key nodes in linking production, distribution and consumption of contemporary art. Cultural production and consumption have been typically separated in research, neglecting phenomena, like biennials, sitting in between. Biennials have become, however, key sites of both the production of art’s discourse and where that discourse translates into practices of display and contexts of appreciation. They are, this article argues, key sites of art’s (...)
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  45.  42
    On State Transformations Induced by Yes-No Experiments, in the Context of Quantum Logic.E. G. Beltrametti & G. Cassinelli - 1977 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 6 (1):369 - 379.
  46.  24
    Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and an Illness-Focused Approach to Care: Controversy, Morality and Paradox.Michael Sharpe & Monica Greco - 2019 - Medical Humanities 45 (2):183-187.
    Contemporary medicine distinguishes between illness and disease. Illness refers to a person’s subjective experience of symptoms; disease refers to objective bodily pathology. For many illnesses, medicine has made great progress in finding and treating associated disease. However, not all illnesses are successfully relieved by treating the disease. In some such cases, the patient’s suffering can only be reduced by treatment that is focused on the illness itself. Chronic disabling fatigue is a common symptom of illness, for which disease-focused treatment is (...)
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  47.  4
    Uniqueness of Limit Models in Classes with Amalgamation.Rami Grossberg, Monica VanDieren & Andrés Villaveces - 2016 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 62 (4-5):367-382.
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  48.  9
    The Politics of Indeterminacy and the Right to Health.Monica Greco - 2004 - Theory, Culture and Society 21 (6):1-22.
    Discussions of the framework and terminology associated with the right to health tend to treat the indeterminacy of ‘health’ as conceptual noise that the construction of effective policy must not focus on, but find ways of bracketing out. On this basis, the right to health is broadly regarded as a social and economic, rather than a civil and political right. This article draws critically on literature about the implications of developments in medical biotechnologies, to argue that a positive acknowledgement of (...)
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  49.  15
    Revisiting Hobbes on Representation.Mónica Brito Vieira - 2018 - Hobbes Studies 31 (1):25-29.
  50.  78
    Why Robots Will Have Emotions.Aaron Sloman & Monica Croucher - 1981
    Emotions involve complex processes produced by interactions between motives, beliefs, percepts, etc. E.g. real or imagined fulfilment or violation of a motive, or triggering of a 'motive-generator', can disturb processes produced by other motives. To understand emotions, therefore, we need to understand motives and the types of processes they can produce. This leads to a study of the global architecture of a mind. Some constraints on the evolution of minds are disussed. Types of motives and the processes they generate are (...)
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