Results for 'Major Philosophers'

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  1.  10
    The Essential Huainanzi.John S. Major, Sarah A. Queen, Andrew Seth Meyer & Harold D. Roth (eds.) - 2012 - Columbia University Press.
    Compiled in the second century B.C.E, the _Huainanzi_ clarifies a crucial period in the development of Chinese conceptions of the cosmos, human nature, and the social order. Outlining "all that a modern monarch needs to know," the text emphasizes rigorous self-cultivation and mental discipline, attributing successful rule to a balance of broad knowledge, diligent application, and penetrating wisdom. In 2010, the editors of this volume completed the first complete English-language translation of the _Huainanzi_, opening exciting new pathways in the study (...)
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  2.  29
    Burge, Tyler.Brad Majors - 2020 - Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Tyler Burge Tyler Burge is an American philosopher who has done influential work in several areas of philosophy. These include philosophy of language, logic, philosophy of mind, epistemology, philosophy of science, and history of philosophy. Burge has … Continue reading Burge, Tyler →.
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  3.  39
    The Huainanzi.An Liu, John S. Major, Sarah A. Queen, Andrew Seth Meyer & Harold D. Roth (eds.) - 2010 - Columbia University Press.
    Compiled by scholars at the court of Liu An, king of Huainan, in the second century B.C.E, _The Huainanzi_ is a tightly organized, sophisticated articulation of Western Han philosophy and statecraft. Outlining "all that a modern monarch needs to know," the text emphasizes rigorous self-cultivation and mental discipline, brilliantly synthesizing for readers past and present the full spectrum of early Chinese thought. _The Huainanzi_ locates the key to successful rule in a balance of broad knowledge, diligent application, and the penetrating (...)
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  4. The epistemological argument for content externalism.Brad Majors & Sarah Sawyer - 2005 - Philosophical Perspectives 19 (1):257-280.
    The aim of this paper is to show that the truth of content externalism can be grounded in purely epistemological considerations in which no appeal is made to Twin‐Earth style cases. Content externalism is required to provide an adequate account of perceptual warrant.
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  5. Moral explanation and the special sciences.Brad Majors - 2003 - Philosophical Studies 113 (2):121 - 152.
    Discussion of moral explanation has reached animpasse, with proponents of contemporaryethical naturalism upholding the explanatoryintegrity of moral facts and properties, andopponents – including both anti-realists andnon-naturalistic realists – insisting thatsuch robustly explanatory pretensions as moraltheory has be explained away. I propose thatthe key to solving the problem lies in thequestion whether instances of moral propertiesare causally efficacious. It is argued that,given the truth of contemporary ethicalnaturalism, moral properties are causallyefficacious if the properties of the specialsciences are. Certain objections are rebuttedinvolving (...)
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  6.  11
    A New Interpretation of Herbart's Psychology and Educational Theory through the Philosophy of Leibniz.D. R. Major - 1906 - Philosophical Review 15 (5):557-558.
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  7. Moral Discourse and Descriptive Properties.Brad Majors - 2005 - Philosophical Quarterly 55 (220):475 - 494.
    I discuss a strategy for grounding ethical naturalism propounded by Frank Jackson and more recently by Allan Gibbard: that the undisputed supervenience of the moral upon the natural (or descriptive) entails that moral properties are natural (or descriptive) properties. I show that this strategy falls foul of certain indubitable constraints governing natural kinds; and I then rebut some objections. The upshot is that no viable strategy for supporting ethical naturalism is to be found along these lines. This result has additional (...)
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  8.  24
    The Educational Theory of Immanuel Kant.David R. Major - 1904 - Philosophical Review 13 (5):591-592.
  9.  45
    Moral discourse and descriptive properties.Brad Majors - 2005 - Philosophical Quarterly 55 (220):475–494.
    I discuss a strategy for grounding ethical naturalism propounded by Frank Jackson and more recently by Allan Gibbard: that the undisputed supervenience of the moral upon the natural (or descriptive) entails that moral properties are natural (or descriptive) properties. I show that this strategy falls foul of certain indubitable constraints governing natural kinds; and I then rebut some objections. The upshot is that no viable strategy for supporting ethical naturalism is to be found along these lines. This result has additional (...)
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  10.  16
    Le Philosophe comme critique littéraire.Jean-Louis Major - 1965 - Dialogue 4 (2):230-242.
    On pourrait multiplier indéfiniment les points communs et les possibilités de rapprochment entre philosophie et littérature. Tant qu'on s'en tient au plan théorique, la situation demeure è peu près inchangée. Le philosophe peut bien à l'occasion se distraire à quelque roman, le romancier ou le critique peuvent s'essayer à déchiffrer un ouvrage de métaphysique; les rapports n'entreront dans la phase d'efficacité réelle que lorsqu'une méthode adéquate permettra d'établir entre les deux modes d'activité un échange ordonné. C'est d'une telle méthode philosophique (...)
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  11.  32
    The New Rationalism.Brad Majors - 2005 - Philosophical Papers 34 (2):289-305.
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  12.  25
    Leo Strauss's defense of the philosophic life: reading "What is political philosophy?".Rafael Major (ed.) - 2013 - London: University of Chicago Press.
    Yet precisely because the book is so foundational, if we want to understand Strauss’s notoriously careful and complex thinking in these essays, we must also consider them just as Strauss treated philosophers of the past: on their own ...
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  13.  11
    Luxuriant Gems of the Spring and Autumn.John S. Major & Sarah A. Queen (eds.) - 2015 - Cambridge University Press.
    A major resource expanding the study of early Chinese philosophy, religion, literature, and politics, this book features the first complete English-language translation of the_ Luxuriant Gems of the "Spring and Autumn"_,_ _one of the key texts of early Confucianism. The work is often ascribed to the Han scholar and court official Dong Zhongshu, but, as this study reveals, the text is in fact a compendium of writings by a variety of authors working within an interpretive tradition that spanned several (...)
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  14.  16
    Essai critique sur l'esthétique de Kant. [REVIEW]D. R. Major - 1897 - Philosophical Review 6 (5):543-550.
  15.  13
    Pensée concrète, Art abstrait.Jean-Louis Major - 1962 - Dialogue 1 (2):188-201.
    Les biographies de poètes et d' écrivains sont beaucoup plus nombreuses que celles de philosophes. Pour expliquer ce phénomène il se présente sûrement plusieurs raisons. Je n'en veux souligner qu'une: l'apparente objectivité du système philosophique, qui se fonderait sur la distance de l'œuvre à l'égard de son auteur et sur l'absence de marques personnelles. Pourtant on peut accepter que l'interrogation philosophique soit intemporelle ou « perennis » tout en concevant qu'elle soit liée à l'époque dans la formulation des problèmes et (...)
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  16.  19
    Writing Philosophy from the Periphery: Lixing as Foundational Empty Signifier in Tang Junyi’s Cultural Consciousness and Moral Reason.Philippe Major - 2021 - Sophia 60 (2):255-276.
    This article adopts Ernesto Laclau’s notion of empty signifier to discuss Tang Junyi’s uses of the concept oflixing(‘reason’ or ‘rationality’) in his seminal workCultural Consciousness and Moral Reason(文化意識與道德理性; 1958). My dual goal, in doing so, is to bring to light the relations of power constitutive of the text’s discourse onlixingand relate them to the problematic of writing philosophy from the periphery. I argue that in this work,lixing’s dual referents—as a translation of ‘reason’ and as denoting a Neo-Confucian faculty to intuit (...)
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  17.  7
    An Introduction to Philosophy.David R. Major - 1935 - Philosophical Review 44:220.
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  18.  31
    Critical Notice of Christopher Peacocke,'The Realm of Reason'.Brad Majors - 2005 - Philosophical Papers 34 (2).
  19. Introduction: Thinking through Strauss's legacy.Rafael Major - 2013 - In Leo Strauss's defense of the philosophic life: reading "What is political philosophy?". London: University of Chicago Press.
     
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  20.  7
    Le Mouvement Positiviste et la Conception Sociologique du Monde.D. R. Major - 1897 - Philosophical Review 6 (3):329.
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  21. Minor Studies from the Psychological Laboratory of Cornell University.D. R. Major - 1899 - Philosophical Review 8:433.
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  22.  15
    Discussion: An Advertisement for the publication of Abridgements of the Essay Concerning Human Understanding and Other Philosophical Writings, 1672-1689, ed. J.R. Milton. [REVIEW]Rafael Major & Svetozar Minkov - 2022 - Locke Studies 22:1-7.
    As many readers of Locke Studies are aware, the long-awaited publication of a scholarly edition of Locke’s published Abrégé and the transcription of an English “Epitome” of An Essay concerning Human Understanding (Essay) should be published in the near future. Both of these documents are tantalizing for aiding in the interpretation of the Essay because they are the author’s own efforts to clarify the argument and design of his great work prior to publication. This short note briefly summarizes the evidence (...)
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  23.  13
    Philosophical focus on culture and traditional thought systems in development.Joseph Major Nyasani (ed.) - 1988 - Nairobi: Konrad Adenauer Foundation.
  24.  18
    Interaction lengths and diffraction scattering of 4.2 GeV π−-mesons in G5 emulsion.J. O. Clarke & J. V. Major - 1957 - Philosophical Magazine 2 (13):37-48.
  25.  8
    An Introduction to the Philosophy of Mind. [REVIEW]Brad Majors - 2002 - Review of Metaphysics 56 (2):438-438.
    Recent years have witnessed an unprecedented proliferation of introductory texts in the philosophy of mind, many of them written by eminent practitioners in the field. Never before have so many choices been available. Lowe’s book was written, we are told in the preface, in part in order to combat two trends: a tendency to treat the philosophy of mind as if it is exhausted by the mind/body problem, with its attendant catalogue of “isms”; and a growing propensity to carry on (...)
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  26.  23
    Before Confucius: Studies in the Creation of the Chinese Classics (review). [REVIEW]John S. Major - 2001 - Philosophy East and West 51 (2):314-318.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:Reviewed by:Before Confucius: Studies in the Creation of the Chinese ClassicsJohn S. MajorBefore Confucius: Studies in the Creation of the Chinese Classics. By Edward L.Shaughnessy. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1997. Pp. ix + 262. $19.95.The eight essays in this collection (six of them previously published) show the combination of boldness and erudition that is characteristic of all of Edward Shaughnes-sy's work. The results of his investigations (...)
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  27.  8
    The Many Faces of Liang Shuming: One Hundred Years in the Reception of Liang’s Thought in European Languages (1922–2022). [REVIEW]Philippe Major & Milan Matthiesen - 2023 - In Thierry Meynard & Philippe Major (eds.), Dao Companion to Liang Shuming’s Philosophy. Springer Verlag. pp. 305-343.
    This chapter provides a short history of the reception of Liang Shuming’s thought in European-language scholarship since 1922. By reviewing a significant number of monographs, edited volumes, and articles published in academic and missionary journals in English, French, and German during the last one hundred years, the chapter aims to provide a historical typology of the multifaceted reception of Liang’s thought through time. In the scholarship reviewed, Liang is variously portrayed as a philosopher, a social reformer or activist, a religious (...)
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  28.  6
    Decolonising Democratic Aims of Education in Botswana: Kagisano & Outcomes-Based Education.Sheron Fraser-Burgess & Thenjiwe Major - forthcoming - Journal of Philosophy of Education.
    Botswana’s history is one of an unwavering exercise of self-determination and quest for self-rule. Post-independence, self-government prioritized an overarching philosophy of Kagisano or social harmony within which the aims of education were framed, in conjunction with a political commitment to Botho through democracy. For economic and social reasons the current educational policy of Botswana is based on outcomes based education (OBE), with its metrics of quantifiable outcomes. The article argues that Olúfemi Táíwò’s analysis of decolonization provides a philosophical lens through (...)
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  29.  10
    Dao Companion to Liang Shuming’s Philosophy.Thierry Meynard & Philippe Major (eds.) - 2023 - Springer Verlag.
    This book provides an analysis of the complex philosophy of Liang Shuming. This twentieth-century thinker opened up a number of paths that were to become central components of modern Chinese philosophy. For the first time, experts are brought together to analyze the complexity of his philosophy, which continues to exert a considerable influence today. This edited volume covers Liang’s multifaceted thought as informed by his many identities as a Buddhist, a Confucian, a Bergsonian, a rural reformer, and a philosopher. The (...)
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  30.  39
    The interactions of π−-mesons with complex nuclei in the energy range MeV. III. The interaction lengths and elastic scattering of 300 MeV π−-mesons in G5 emulsion. [REVIEW]P. J. Finney, J. V. Major & P. G. J. T. Parkhouse - 1962 - Philosophical Magazine 7 (74):237-245.
  31.  25
    The interactions of π−-mesons with complex nuclei in the energy range MeV. I: The interaction lengths and elastic scattering of 88 MeV π−-mesons in G5 emulsion. [REVIEW]J. E. Allen, A. J. Apostolakis, Y. J. Lee, J. V. Major & E. Perez Ferreira - 1959 - Philosophical Magazine 4 (43):858-867.
  32.  19
    The interactions of π−-mesons with complex nuclei in the energy range MeV: II. The interaction lengths and elastic scattering of 750 MeV π−-mesons in G5 emulsion. [REVIEW]J. E. Allen, A. J. Apostolakis, Y. J. Lee, J. V. Major & E. Perez Ferreira - 1961 - Philosophical Magazine 6 (67):833-838.
  33.  15
    Major philosophers of Jewish prayer in the twentieth century.Jack Cohen - 2000 - New York: Fordham University Press.
    Major Philosophers of Jewish Prayer in the Twentieth Century addresses the troubling questions posed by the modern Jewish worshiper, including such obstacles to prayer as the inability to concentrate on the words and meanings of formal liturgy, the paucity of emotional involvement, the lack of theological conviction, the anthropomorphic and particularly the masculine emphasis of prayer nomenclature, and other matters. In assessing these difficultites, Cohen brings to the reader the writings on prayer of some seminal 20th century Jewish (...)
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  34.  7
    Fifty Major Philosophers: A Reference Guide.Diané Collinson (ed.) - 1988 - New York: Routledge.
    First published in 1988. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
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  35.  40
    Fifty Major Philosophers[REVIEW]William L. Reese - 1988 - Teaching Philosophy 11 (2):188-189.
  36.  18
    Existentialism and human existence: an account of five major philosophers.Thomas Koenig - 1992 - Malabar, Fla.: Krieger.
    [1] The phenomenology of Edmund Husserl -- The existential philosophy of Albert Camus -- The existenz philosophy of Karl Jaspers -- The philosophy of Gabriel Marcel -- The philosophy of Martin Heidegger -- v. 2. The existential philosophy of Søren Kierkegaard -- The existential philosophy of Ortega y Gasset -- The philosophy of Martin Buber -- The existential philosophy of Nicolas Berdyaev -- The philosophy of Paul Ricoeur.
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  37.  30
    Fifty major philosophers: A reference guide by Diane Collinson croom Helm, 1987. 170 pp. £22.50. [REVIEW]G. A. J. Rogers - 1988 - Philosophical Books 29 (2):80-81.
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  38.  26
    Essentials of Neo-Confucianism: Eight Major Philosophers of the Song and Ming Periods.Siu-chi Huang & Xiuji Huang - 1999 - Westport, Conn.: Greenwood.
    Huang's book analyzes the major Neo-Confucian philosophers from the eleventh to the sixteenth centuries. Focusing on metaphysical, epistemological, and ethical philosophical issues, this study presents the historical development of the Neo-Confucian school, an outgrowth of ancient Confucianism, and characterizes its thought, background, and influence. Key concepts—for example ^Utai-ji (supreme ultimate), ^Uxin (mind), and ^Uren (humanity)—as interpreted by each thinker are discussed in detail. Also examined are the two major schools that developed during this period, Cheng-Zhu, School of (...)
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  39.  36
    Philosophical dilemmas: a pro and con introduction to the major questions.Phil Washburn - 2001 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    Philosophical Dilemmas: A Pro and Con Introduction to the Major Questions, 2/e, is a lucidly written and comprehensive introduction to philosophy featuring sixty brief essays arranged in pairs. Each pair answers one of the standard philosophical questions, such as "Does God exist?" or "Is morality relative?," with affirmative and negative responses. Each essay takes a definite stand and promotes it vigorously, creating a sharp contrast between the two positions and giving each abstract theory a more personal and believable "voice." (...)
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  40.  34
    Theories of Concepts: A History of the Major Philosophical Traditions.Morris Weitz - 1988 - New York: Routledge.
    First published in 1988. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
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  41.  22
    Theories of Concepts: A History of the Major Philosophical Tradition.Anthony Palmer - 1990 - Philosophical Books 31 (3):165-167.
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  42. Causality: a historical sketch of the major philosophical approaches to the problem.Mia Gosselin - 1993 - Communication and Cognition. Monographies 26 (2):131-169.
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  43.  34
    Religious studies in the secondary school curriculum: A suggested model and a response to three major philosophical objections.Peter Hobson & John Edwards - 1991 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 23 (2):67–82.
  44.  9
    Theories of Concepts: A History of the Major Philosophical Traditions.Morris Weitz - 1988 - New York: Routledge.
    First published in 1988. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
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  45. Siu-Chi Huang, Essentials of Neo-Confucianism. Eight Major Philosophers of the Song and Ming Periods Reviewed by.Steven J. Willett - 2000 - Philosophy in Review 20 (6):415-417.
     
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  46.  27
    The philosophical and political anatomy of Plato's Alcibiades Major.Archie Archie - 2011 - History of Political Thought 32 (2):234-252.
    Given the ominous shadow cast by Alcibiades over Socrates' trial, the scholarly assessment of Alcibiades Major deserves to be revisited. The aim of this article is to critically review the various treatments of Alcibiades Major among ancient, modern and contemporary scholars. It also seeks to highlight modern and contemporary themes the dialogue anticipates, such as feminism and, to a lesser extent, multiculturalism. The review will also show that it was in the nineteenth century that objections were first raised (...)
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  47. The Philosophical and Political Structure of Plato’s Alcibiades Major.Andre Archie - 2015 - In Politics in Socrates' Alcibiades: A Philosophical Account of Plato's Dialogue Alcibiades Major. Cham: Imprint: Springer.
     
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  48.  22
    Theories of Concepts: A History of the Major Philosophical Tradition by Morris Weitz. [REVIEW]Gareth B. Matthews - 1991 - Philosophical Review 100 (4):650-652.
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  49. Majority Rule, Rights, Utilitarianism, and Bayesian Group Decision Theory: Philosophical Essays in Decision-Theoretic Aggregation.Mathias Risse - 2000 - Dissertation, Princeton University
    My dissertation focuses on problems that arise when a group makes decisions that are in reasonable ways connected to the beliefs and values of the group members. These situations are represented by models of decision-theoretic aggregation: Suppose a model of individual rationality in decision-making applies to each of a group of agents. Suppose this model also applies to the group as a whole, and that this group model is aggregated from the individual models. Two questions arise. First, what sets of (...)
     
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  50.  29
    Dependent philosophical majorities and the skeptical argument from disagreement.Rasmus Jaksland - 2022 - Synthese 200 (1):1-24.
    According to the skeptical argument from disagreement, we are mandated to suspend judgement about a question if we discover that others disagree with us. Critics, however, have proposed that this skeptical argument fails if there are not equally many people on either side of the debate: numbers matter. The present paper explicates this as the argument that a group can be more likely to arrive at the correct view by majority rule than the members are on their own. Defenders of (...)
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