Russian Philosophy

Edited by Vadim Chaly (Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University)
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Summary

Russian philosophy is a cultural phenomenon that emerged in late XVIII century as a reflection on Russia’s abruptly introduced modern condition, its departure from Orthodox tradition, and its future as a part of and/or a contender to Western civilization. The two hundred years that followed saw the proliferation of philosophical debates and programs that tried to cope with the overwhelming richness of Western philosophy and the rapidly changing world, seeking answers to perennial questions, while also developing its characteristic set of problems. Philosophy in Russia was taken seriously from the start, and philosophical ideas were sought to guide the change or to thwart change. Much of Russian modern thought proceeds to advance broad cultural, social or political projects, with systematic theoretical philosophy often becoming only a secondary concern. The pace of history offered little time for metaphysics to come to fruition, and frequent interventions from the outside, particularly by the state, altered or disrupted the flow of philosophical thought. With its comparatively short, yet dense, rapid and often violent development, Russian philosophy is rich with ideas that are relevant to current and prospective discussions.

Key works Pyotr Chaadaev, Philosophical Letters (1836) (Chaadaev 1969): the work that started the Slavophiles-Westernizers controversy, which is still going on. Vladimir Solovyov, Justification of the Good (1897) (Solovyov & Duddington 1918): a piece on moral philosophy by one of the most systematic and original Russian thinkers. Pyotr Kropotkin, Anarchism (1905) (Kropotkin unknown): still one of the best introductions to anarchism by one of its classics.
Introductions Two classic expositions of the history of Russian philosophy available in English are Nikolay Lossky's History of Russian Philosophy (1951) and Vasily Zenkovsky's A History of Russian Philosophy (Zen’Kovskiyi 1953; Zenkovsky 2003).
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  1. Sprawozdanie Z Międzynarodowej Konferencji Naukowej Socio-Ethical Ideas of Contemporary Russian Philosophy in the Context of Slavic World, Trnavska Univerzita, Trnawa, 5 Maja 2015.Andrzej Kobyliński - 2016 - Studia Philosophiae Christianae 51 (4):176.
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  2. The Return of Work in Critical Theory: Self, Society, Politics by Christophe Dejours, Jean-Philippe Deranty, Emmanuel Renault, and Nicholas H. Smith.Jerome Braun - 2020 - Common Knowledge 26 (1):163-164.
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  3. Power, Neoliberalism, and the Reinvention of Politics: The Critical Theory of Wendy Brown.Amy Allen & Eduardo Mendieta (eds.) - 2022 - University Park, Pennsylvania: The Pennsylvania State University Press.
    A collection of essays introducing and assessing the work of political theorist Wendy Brown. Includes an original essay by Brown and a reply to her critics.
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  4. The Transhumanist Threat to Plants and Animals : An Exercise in Ecofeminist Critical Theory.Peter I.-min Huang & Iris Ralph - 2022 - In Arvin M. Gouw, Brian Patrick Green & Ted Peters (eds.), Religious Transhumanism and its Critics. Lexington Books.
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  5. Religion, Universality and Critical Theory.Fasil Merawi - 2022 - In Workineh Kelbessa & Ṭanā Dawo (eds.), Philosophical Responses to Global Challenges with African Examples: Ethiopian Philosophical Studies, Iii. The Council for Research in Value and Philosophy.
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  6. Jaromír Feber, Helena Hrehová, Peter Rusnák: Man Between Sacrum and Profanum in Russian Philosophy in 20th Century.Jelena Petrucijová - 2021 - Filozofia 76 (4):307-311.
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  7. Sentimento religioso e struttura confessionale nella Russia pre-sovietica.Angela Dioletta - 2014 - In Stefano Caroti & Alberto Siclari (eds.), Filosofia e religione. Studi in onore di Fabio Rossi. Parma: E-theca OnLineOpenAccess Edizioni. pp. 290-329.
    In Russia, on the eve of the Revolution, the religious phenomenon was analyzed by scholars in specific works and in public discussions in its various aspects: historical, political, social, institutional. Of particular interest is the attempt to bring it back to an original expression of emotional consciousness, which marks a continuity with the Sentimentalism of the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. This cultural current attempted to grasp a more certain truth in the immediacy of sentiment than in demonstrative reason, (...)
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  8. Konstantin Leontiev i Balkanite.I︠U︡lii︠a︡ Zlatkova - 2020 - Sofii︠a︡: Izdateltvo "Avangard Prima".
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  9. Pisʹma li︠u︡bopytstvui︠u︡shchemu o russkoĭ filosofii.A. F. Zamaleev - 2020 - Sankt-Peterburg: ID "Petropolis".
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  10. Gollandskiĭ ėpizod v filosofskoĭ biografii S.L. Franka: (novye materialy) = Dutch episode in the philosophical biography of S.L. Frank (new materials). [REVIEW]A. S. T︠S︡ygankov - 2020 - Moskva: Institut filosofii RAN.
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  11. Russkiĭ myslitelʹ Ivan Ilʹin: zhiznʹ i tvorchestvo.Aleksandr Mikhaĭlovich Sharipov - 2020 - Moskva: Rusʹ Triedinai︠a︡.
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  12. Mifologema "Vostok" v filosofsko-ėzotericheskom kontekste kulʹtury Serebri︠a︡nogo veka.E. V. Shakhmatova - 2019 - Moskva: Akademicheskiĭ proekt.
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  13. Russkiĭ personalizm.S. M. Polovinkin - 2020 - Moskva: "SINAKSIS".
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  14. Suchasnistʹ mudrosty H. Skovorody: Svitohli︠a︡dnyĭ narys. Osmyr - 2020 - Lʹviv: "Literatura ta mystet︠s︡tvo".
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  15. Mirra Lot-Borodina: istorik, literator, filosof, bogoslov.Teresa Obolevitch - 2020 - Sankt-Peterburg: Nestor-Istorii︠a︡.
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  16. Ė.V. Ilʹenkov: zhitʹ filosofieĭ.S. N. Mareev - 2020 - Moskva: "Triksta".
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  17. Issledovanii︠a︡ i statʹi po russkoĭ filosofii.A. V. Malinov - 2020 - Sankt-Peterburg: Izdatel'stvo RKhGA.
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  18. Hryhoriĭ Skovoroda: stiĭkistʹ poshuku: monohrafii︠a︡.Mykola Maksi︠u︡ta - 2020 - Kherson: Oldi-pli︠u︡s.
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  19. Nicolas Berdiaev: liberté & créativité: les nouveaux défis de l'homme moderne.Patricia Lasserre - 2020 - [Fosses]: Les éditions spéciales.
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  20. Russkai︠a︡ filosofii︠a︡.Vladimir Nikolaevich Ilʹin - 2020 - Moskva: Dom russkogo zarubezhʹi︠a︡ im. Aleksandra Solzhenit︠s︡yna.
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  21. Moi︠a︡ borʹba za russkui︠u︡ filosofii︠u︡: izbrannye ocherki i statʹi.N. P. Ilʹin - 9999 - Sankt-Peterburg: Aleteĭi︠a︡.
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  22. Sobranie sochineniĭ.Ė. V. Ilʹenkov - 2019 - Moskva: Izdatelʹstvo "Kanon-Pli︠u︡s".
    Tom1. Abstraktnoe i konkretnoe -- Tom 2. Kategorii -- Tom 3. Ideal -- Tom 4. Dialekticheskai︠a︡ logika -- Tom 5. Dialektika idealʹnogo.
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  23. Apologia of Physical Meaning.P. I. Dzygivskiĭ - 2020 - Saint Petersburg: Alexandria.
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  24. Izbrannye trudy v shesti tomakh.Leonid M. Batkin - 2015 - Moskva: Novyĭ khronograf.
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  25. Sergeĭ Nikolaevich Bulgakov.A. P. Kozyrev (ed.) - 2020 - Moskva: ROSSPĖN.
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  26. Sergeĭ Iosifovich Gessen.V. V. Sapov & T. G. Shchedrina (eds.) - 2020 - Moskva: ROSSPĖN.
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  27. Russkai︠a︡ filosofii︠a︡: ėnt︠s︡iklopedii︠a︡.M. A. Maslin, P. P. Apryshko, A. P. Poli︠a︡kov & I︠U︡. N. Solodukhin (eds.) - 2020 - Moskva: Mir filosofii.
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  28. Mig nastoi︠a︡shchego i vechnostʹ budushchego: preduprezhdenii︠a︡ o buduzhchem Aleksandra Zinovʹeva.Olʹga Mironovna Zinovʹeva, V. Lepekhin & K. A. Zinov'eva (eds.) - 2020 - Moskva: ROOI "Reabilitat︠s︡ii︠a︡".
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  29. Teoreticheskoe znachenie otechestvennoĭ filosofii: monografii︠a︡.I. N. Ti︠a︡pin - 2021 - Vologda: VoGU.
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  30. Otkrytostʹ russkoĭ filosofii.Andreĭ Dmitrievich Sukhov - 2021 - Moskva: Izdatelʹstvo "Kanon-pli︠u︡s".
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  31. Potustoronniĭ drug: istorii︠a︡ li︠u︡bvi Lʹva Shestova i Varvary Malakhievoĭ-Mirovich v pisʹmakh i dokumentakh.N. A. Gromova - 2021 - Moskva: Redakt︠s︡ii︠a︡ Eleny Shubinoĭ.
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  32. Russkai︠a︡ filosofii︠a︡: slovarʹ personaliĭ.B. V. Emelʹi︠a︡nov - 2021 - Ekaterinburg: Izdatelʹstvo Uralʹskogo universiteta.
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  33. Disenchanted Wanderer: The Apocalyptic Vision of Konstantin Leontiev.Glenn Cronin - 2021 - Ithaca [New York]: Northern Illinois University Press, an imprint of Cornell University Press.
    This book is an account of the life and work of the Russian novelist and political essayist Konstantin Nikolaevich Leontiev, 1831-1891.
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  34. Russkiĭ ėkzistent︠s︡ializm.N. K. Bonet︠s︡kai︠a︡ - 2021 - Sankt-Peterburg: Aleteĭi︠a︡.
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  35. Pisʹma o russkom ėkzistent︠s︡ializme.N. K. Bonet︠s︡kai︠a︡ - 2021 - Sankt-Peterburg: Aleteĭi︠a︡.
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  36. Moĭ Berdi︠a︡ev.N. K. Bonet︠s︡kai︠a︡ - 2021 - Sankt-Peterburg: Aleteĭi︠a︡.
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  37. "Svet vo tʹme" i "S nami Bog": neizvestnye knigi S.L. Franka.H. I︠E︡ Ali︠a︡i︠e︡v - 2021 - Moskva: Modest Kolerov.
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  38. Günther Anders' Philosophy of Technology: From Phenomenology to Critical Theory.Babette E. Babich - 2022 - New York: Bloomsbury Academic, Bloomsbury Publishing Plc.
    Gunter Anders' Philosophy of Technology is the first comprehensive exploration of the ground-breaking work of German thinker Gunter Anders. Anders' philosophy has become increasingly prescient in our digitised, technological age as his work predicts the prevalence of social media, ubiquitous surveillance and the turn to big data. Anders' ouevre also explored the technologies of nuclear power and the biotech concerns for the human and transhuman condition which have become so central to current theory. Babette Babich argues that Anders offers important (...)
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  39. Toward a New World: Articles and Essays, 1901-1906: On the Psychology of Society, New World, and Contributions to Studies in the Realist. [REVIEW]Alexander Aleksandrovich Bogdanov - 2022 - Boston: Brill.
    Part One of this volume consists of the articles collected in On the Psychology of Society in which Bogdanov criticises the philosophy of Russia's neo-Kantian revisionists and rebuts their critique of historical materialism. Part Two consists of the collection, New World, which envisions the development of humankind in socialist society. Part Three consists of Bogdanov's contributions to the collection, Studies in the Realist Worldview, which defend the labour theory of value and criticise neo-Kantian sociology. In all these writings Bogdanov uses (...)
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  40. "Filosofskiĭ parokhod": 100 let bez pokai︠a︡nii︠a︡: monografii︠a︡.Aleksandr Nikolaevich Chumakov - 2022 - Moskva: Prospekt.
    I. "Filosofskiĭ paroxod": k istorii voprosa -- II. Respressii i permanentnai︠a︡ ėmigrat︠s︡ii︠a︡ -- III. Overkili russkoĭ filosofii -- IV. Postsovetskiĭ period: v poiskakh identichnosti -- V. Vozvrashchenie "filosofskogo paroxoda" (2003) -- VI. "Filosofskie avtobusy" -- VII. Samolet-paroxod-"filosofskiĭ poezd" -- VIII. Afinskiĭ kongress: prikosnovenie k istorii (2013) -- IX. "Uchitʹsi︠a︡ bytʹ chelovekom": XXIV vsemirnyĭ filosofskiĭ kongress -- X. Mezhdu proshlym i budushchim.
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  41. Animal Crisis: A New Critical Theory.Alice Crary - 2022 - Medford, MA: Polity Press.
    For too long the questions of how we treat animals and how we treat our fellow human beings have been considered separately. But the contours of the current animal crisis make it clear – the harms we are inflicting on the nonhuman world have devastating impacts on humans: zoonotic diseases caused by habitat destruction and animal exploitation have brought human life to a standstill; mass production of animals for food is poisoning the ground and contributing to catastrophic climate change. Animal (...)
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  42. Lénine a marché sur la Lune: la folle histoire des cosmistes et transhumanistes russes: essai.Michel Eltchaninoff - 2022 - Arles: Actes sud.
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  43. Ideas Against Ideocracy: Non-Marxist Thought of the Late Soviet Period (1953-1991).Mikhail Epstein - 2021 - New York: Bloomsbury Academic.
    This groundbreaking work by one of the world's foremost theoreticians of culture and scholars of Russian philosophy gives for the first time a systematic examination of the development of Russian philosophy during the late Soviet period. Countering the traditional view of an intellectual wilderness under the Soviet regime, Mikhail Epstein provides a comprehensive account of Russian thought of the second half of the 20th century that is highly sophisticated without losing clarity. It provides new insights into previously mostly ignored areas (...)
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  44. Critical Theory and Psychoanalysis: From the Frankfurt School to Contemporary Critique.Jon Mills & Daniel Burston (eds.) - 2023 - New York, NY: Routledge.
    Critical Theory has traditionally been interested in engaging classical psychoanalysis rather than addressing postclassical thought. For the first time, this volume brings Critical Theory into proper dialogue with modern developments in the psychoanalytic movement and covers a broad range of topics in contemporary society that revisit the Frankfurt School and its contributions to psychoanalytic social critique.
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  45. Filosofskie pokolenii︠a︡ =.I︠U︡. V. Sineokai︠a︡ (ed.) - 2022 - Moskva: Izdatelʹskiĭ dom I︠A︡SK.
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  46. Perekrestki kulʹtur: Aleksandr Koĭre, Aleksandr Kozhev, Isaĭi︠a︡ Berlin.O. L. Granovskai︠a︡, Daria Drozdova & A. M. Rutkevich (eds.) - 2021 - Moskva: ROSSPĖN (Rossiĭskai︠a︡ politicheskai︠a︡ ėnt︠s︡iklopedii︠a︡).
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  47. Lev Shestov's Angel of Death: Memory, Trauma and Rebirth.Marina G. Ogden - 2021 - New York: Peter Lang.
    'Marina G. Ogden offers a competitive and comprehensive outlook of the prominent Russian thinker Lev Shestov. This valuable book, based on the archive sources, provides a good historical background for Shestov's investigations which is very important for the better understanding not only Russian religious thought, but also Western philosophy of the twentieth century.'- Professor Teresa Obolevitch, The Pontifical University of John Paul II, Krakow 'The pioneering Russian existentialist Lev Shestov influenced Camus, Bataille, Celan and many others. In this absorbing study, (...)
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  48. Evgenii Trubetskoi: Icon and Philosophy.Teresa Obolevitch & Randall Allen Poole (eds.) - 2021 - Eugene, Oregon: Pickwick Publications.
    Prince Evgenii Trubetskoi, one of Russia’s great philosophers, exemplified what was best in the Russian religious-philosophical tradition. His lifelong pursuit was “integral knowledge.” This ideal affirmed that faith was integral to reason and that inner experience, and not just external sensory experience, offered truthful testimony to the nature of reality—precisely contrary to the reductive positivism and scientism of Trubetskoi’s day and ours. Following Vladimir Soloviev he developed the concept of Bogochelovechestvo —the free human realization of the divine principle in ourselves (...)
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  49. Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Bogdanov.M. V. Loktionov (ed.) - 2021 - Moskva: ROSSPĖN.
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  50. On the Analysis of the Reflexion in Science, in the Russian Philosophy, and the STS Strong Program.Valentin A. Bazhanov - 2022 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 59 (4):31-37.
    This reply draws attention to the importance of taking into account the results of the study of the phenomenon of reflexivity in scientific knowledge, which have been obtained in the domestic philosophical and methodological tradition. We believe that taking this kind of results into account could enrich the analysis of the strong programme in the STS. We touch the origins of reflexive tendencies, the reflexive and non-reflexive in scientific knowledge, personal and transpersonal forms, the types and levels of reflexion in (...)
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