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  1. Precise Worlds for Certain Minds: An Ecological Perspective on the Relational Self in Autism.Axel Constant, Jo Bervoets, Kristien Hens & Sander Van de Cruys - 2018 - Topoi:1-12.
    Autism Spectrum Condition presents a challenge to social and relational accounts of the self, precisely because it is broadly seen as a disorder impacting social relationships. Many influential theories argue that social deficits and impairments of the self are the core problems in ASC. Predictive processing approaches address these based on general purpose neurocognitive mechanisms that are expressed atypically. Here we use the High, Inflexible Precision of Prediction Errors in Autism approach in the context of cultural niche construction to explain (...)
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  2.  20
    Precise Worlds for Certain Minds: An Ecological Perspective on the Relational Self in Autism.Axel Constant, Jo Bervoets, Kristien Hens & Sander Van de Cruys - 2020 - Topoi 39 (3):611-622.
    Autism Spectrum Condition presents a challenge to social and relational accounts of the self, precisely because it is broadly seen as a disorder impacting social relationships. Many influential theories argue that social deficits and impairments of the self are the core problems in ASC. Predictive processing approaches address these based on general purpose neurocognitive mechanisms that are expressed atypically. Here we use the High, Inflexible Precision of Prediction Errors in Autism approach in the context of cultural niche construction to explain (...)
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  3.  16
    Going Beyond the Catch-22 of Autism Diagnosis and Research. The Moral Implications of (Not) Asking “What Is Autism?”.Jo Bervoets & Kristien Hens - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
    Psychiatric diagnoses such as Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) are primarily attributed on the basis of behavioral criteria. The aim of most of the biomedical research on ASD is to uncover the underlying mechanisms that lead to or even cause pathological behavior. However, in the philosophical and sociological literature, it has been suggested that autism is also to some extent a ‘social construct’ that cannot merely be reduced to its biological explanation. We show that a one-sided adherence to either a biological (...)
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  4.  72
    The Ethics of Autism.Kristien Hens, Ingrid Robeyns & Katrien Schaubroeck - 2019 - Philosophy Compass 14 (1):e12559.
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  5.  57
    Paper: The Return of Individual Research Findings in Paediatric Genetic Research.Kristien Hens, Herman Nys, Jean-Jacques Cassiman & Kris Dierickx - 2011 - Journal of Medical Ethics 37 (3):179-183.
    The combination of the issue of return of individual genetic results/incidental findings and paediatric biobanks is not much discussed in ethical literature. The traditional arguments pro and con return of such findings focus on principles such as respect for persons, autonomy and solidarity. Two dimensions have been distilled from the discussion on return of individual results in a genetic research context: the respect for a participant’s autonomy and the duty of the researcher. Concepts such as autonomy and solidarity do not (...)
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  6.  9
    A plea for an experimental philosophy of medicine.Andreas De Block & Kristien Hens - 2021 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 42 (3):81-89.
  7. Parental Responsibility: A Moving Target.Dorothee Horstkötter, Daniela Cutas & Kristien Hens - 2017 - In Kristien Hens, Daniela Cutas & Dorothee Horstkötter (eds.), Parental Responsibility in the Context of Neuroscience and Genetics. Springer.
    Beliefs about the moral status of children have changed significantly in recent decades in the Western world. At the same time, knowledge about likely consequences for children of individual, parental, and societal choices has grown, as has the array of choices that (prospective) parents may have at their disposal. The intersection between these beliefs, this new knowledge, and these new choices has created a minefield of expectations from parents and a seemingly ever-expanding responsibility towards their children. Some of these new (...)
     
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  8.  10
    Cognitive Enhancement: Toward a Rational Public Consensus.Eman Ahmed & Kristien Hens - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 11 (4):263-265.
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  9.  93
    Ethical Responsibilities Towards Dogs: An Inquiry Into the Dog–Human Relationship. [REVIEW]Kristien Hens - 2009 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 22 (1):3-14.
    The conditions of life of many companion animals and the rate at which they are surrendered to shelters raise many ethical issues. What duties do we have towards the dogs that live in our society? To suggest answers to these questions, I first give four possible ways of looking at the relationship between man and dog: master–slave, employer–worker, parent–child, and friend–friend. I argue that the morally acceptable relationships are of a different kind but bears family resemblances to the latter three. (...)
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  10.  31
    Parental Choices and the Prospect of Regret: An Alternative Account.Katrien Schaubroeck & Kristien Hens - 2017 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 25 (5):586-607.
    ABSTRACTIs the question ‘will you regret it if you do this?’ helpful when people face difficult life decisions, such as terminating a pregnancy if a disability is detected or deciding to become a parent? Despite the commonness of the question in daily life, several philosophers have argued lately against its usefulness. We reconstruct four arguments from recent literature on regret, transformative experience and the use of imagination in deliberation. After analysis of these arguments we conclude that the prospect of regret (...)
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  11. Exculpation and Stigma in Tourette Syndrome: An Experimental Philosophy Study.Jo Bervoets, Jarl K. Kampen & Kristien Hens - 2022 - Neuroethics 15 (1):1-16.
    Purpose: There is a widespread recognition that biomedical explanations offer benefits to those diagnosed with a mental disorder. Recent research points out that such explanations may nevertheless have stigmatizing effects. In this study, this ‘mixed blessing’ account of biomedical explanations is investigated in a case of philosophical interest: Tourette Syndrome. Method: We conducted a vignette survey with 221 participants in which we first assessed quantitative attributions of blame as well as the desire for social distance for behavior associated with Tourette (...)
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  12.  14
    Preserving Children’s Fertility: Two Tales About Children’s Right to an Open Future and the Margins of Parental Obligations.Daniela Cutas & Kristien Hens - 2015 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 18 (2):253-260.
    The sources, extent and margins of parental obligations in taking decisions regarding their children’s medical care are subjects of ongoing debates. Balancing children’s immediate welfare with keeping their future open is a delicate task. In this paper, we briefly present two examples of situations in which parents may be confronted with the choice of whether to authorise or demand non-therapeutic interventions on their children for the purpose of fertility preservation. The first example is that of children facing cancer treatment, and (...)
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  13.  17
    Chromosome Screening Using Noninvasive Prenatal Testing Beyond Trisomy-21: What to Screen for and Why It Matters.Kristien Hens - 2018 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 43 (1):8-21.
    With the new and highly accurate noninvasive prenatal test, new options for screening become available. I contend that the current state of the art of NIPT is already in need of a thorough ethical investigation and that there are different points to consider before any chromosomal or subchromosomal condition is added to the screening panel of a publicly funded screening program. Moreover, the application of certain ethical principles makes the inclusion of some conditions unethical in a privately funded scheme, even (...)
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  14.  21
    Parental Responsibility in the Context of Neuroscience and Genetics.Kristien Hens, Daniela Cutas & Dorothee Horstkötter (eds.) - 2016 - Springer International Publishing.
    Should parents aim to make their children as normal as possible to increase their chances to “fit in”? Are neurological and mental health conditions a part of children’s identity and if so, should parents aim to remove or treat these? Should they aim to instill self-control in their children? Should prospective parents take steps to insure that, of all the children they could have, they choose the ones with the best likely start in life? -/- This volume explores all of (...)
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  15. Neurological Diversity and Epigenetic Influences in Utero. An Ethical Investigation of Maternal Responsibility Towards the Future Child.Kristien Hens - 2017 - In Kristien Hens, Daniela Cutas & Dorothee Horstkötter (eds.), Parental Responsibility in the Context of Neuroscience and Genetics. Springer.
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  16.  13
    Pandemic Risk and Standpoint Epistemology: A Matter of Solidarity.Katrien Schaubroeck & Kristien Hens - 2022 - Health Care Analysis 30 (2):146-162.
    Current and past pandemics have several aspects in common. It is expected that all members of society contribute to beat it. But it is also clear that the risks associated with the pandemic are different for different groups. This makes that appeals to solidarity based on technocratic risk calculations are only partially successful. Objective ‘risks of transmission’ may, for example, be trumped by risks of letting down people in need of help or by missing out certain opportunities in life. In (...)
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  17.  25
    Ethical Issues Surrounding the Provider Initiated Opt – Out Prenatal HIV Screening Practice in Sub – Saharan Africa: A Literature Review.Luchuo Engelbert Bain, Kris Dierickx & Kristien Hens - 2015 - BMC Medical Ethics 16 (1):1-12.
    BackgroundPrevention of mother to child transmission of HIV remains a key public health priority in most developing countries. The provider Initiated Opt – Out Prenatal HIV Screening Approach, recommended by the World Health Organization lately has been adopted and translated into policy in most Sub – Saharan African countries. To better ascertain the ethical reasons for or against the use of this approach, we carried out a literature review of the ethics literature.MethodsPapers published in English and French Languages between 1990 (...)
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  18.  14
    Double Trouble: Preventive Genomic Sequencing and the Case of Minors.Kristien Hens & Kris Dierickx - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics 15 (7):30-31.
  19. The Origin of Humanness in the Biology of Love. [REVIEW]Kristien Hens - 2009 - Ethical Perspectives 16 (3):398-399.
     
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  20.  27
    Autisme Als Meerduidig En Dynamisch Fenomeen.Kristien Hens & Leni Van Goidsenhoven - 2018 - Algemeen Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Wijsbegeerte 110 (4):421-451.
    Autism as a polysemic and dynamic phenomenonIn this paper we demonstrate how the dominant discourse about autism, that stresses biological explanations, has certain ethical implications. On the one hand, such discourse is exculpating. In autism’s history, genetic explanations helped removing the blame from so-called refrigerator mothers. In present-day diagnostic practice, the idea of having a biological diagnosis helps people and their parents see beyond blame and guilt. On the other hand, a simplistic approach to biology risks neglecting the experiences and (...)
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  21.  5
    Global Health Disparities: Can Liberal Perfectionism Better Address the Problem?Eman Ahmed & Kristien Hens - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (9):48-50.
    In his article, Ismaili M’hamdi argues that a neutralist approach in public health policy might turn into a gap that separates citizens who endure preventable poor conditions from the state...
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  22. Donna Haraway, When Species Meet. [REVIEW]Kristien Hens - 2008 - Ethical Perspectives 15 (3):422-423.
  23. In Defense of an Elementary Concept of Health: Nature, Norms, and Human Biology. [REVIEW]Kristien Hens - 2009 - Ethical Perspectives 16 (3):395-396.
     
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  24. Subjectivity and Being Somebody: Human Identity and Neuroethics. [REVIEW]Kristien Hens - 2009 - Ethical Perspectives 16 (3):396-397.
     
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  25. Science and Ethics. The Axiological Contexts of Science. [REVIEW]Kristien Hens - 2009 - Ethical Perspectives 16 (4):521-522.
     
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  26. The Ethics of Complexity. Genetics and Autism, a Literature Review.Kristien Hens, Hilde Peeters & Kris Dierickx - 2016 - American Journal of Medical Genetics Part B: Neuropsychiatric Genetics 171 (3).
    -/- It is commonly believed that the etiology of autism is at least partly explained through genetics. Given the complexity of autism and the variability of the autistic phenotype, genetic research and counseling in this field are also complex and associated with specific ethical questions. Although the ethics of autism genetics, especially with regard to reproductive choices, has been widely discussed on the public fora, an in depth philosophical or bioethical reflection on all aspects of the theme seems to be (...)
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  27.  22
    The Ethics of Postponed Fatherhood.Kristien Hens - 2017 - International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 10 (1):103-118.
    Discussions about the best age to reproduce have been abundant in ethical literature. Until recently, these discussions focused on the age of women. Many scholars have tried to come to grips with the effects on the child’s well-being of having an older mother. Often, authors have focused on the social effects, such as the fact that an older mother may not be healthy enough to care for the child or the risk for the child of losing her mother at a (...)
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  28.  25
    The Diversity of Genetic Perfection.Heidi Mertes & Kristien Hens - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics 15 (6):34-36.
  29.  9
    Kinderen Krijgen in Apocalyptische Tijden : Enkele Ethische Overwegingen.Kristien Hens & Katrien Schaubroeck - 2019 - Algemeen Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Wijsbegeerte 111 (4):621-641.
    Procreation in the face of an apocalypse: Some ethical considerationsIn the field of procreation ethics both Kantian and consequentialist arguments have been developed purporting to show the moral impermissibility of having children. A survey of the most important arguments leaves us wondering whether one could derive general obligations or prohibitions from abstract principles and apply them to deeply personal decisions about whether or not to have children. At the same time it is undeniably true that having children, however private the (...)
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  30.  25
    Book Review: Nel Noddings, The Maternal Factor: Two Paths to Morality. [REVIEW]Kristien Hens - forthcoming - Ethical Perspectives.
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  31.  1
    Philosophy of Science Can Prevent Manslaughter.Andreas De Block, Pierre Delaere & Kristien Hens - forthcoming - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry:1-7.
    In September 2020, the surgeon Paulo Macchiarini, who used stem cell technology to enable the transplants of artificial and donor trachea, was charged with aggravated assault in Sweden. In this comment, we argue that the Ethics Council of the Karolinska Institute should have considered issues from philosophy of science when they were brought to their attention, rather than dismiss them as irrelevant to research ethics. We demonstrate how conceptual issues of a philosophy-of-science-kind about clinical research and medical practice should be (...)
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  32.  3
    Normaal versus abnormaal, typisch versus atypisch : Statistiek en de fenomenologie van atypisch gedragsmatig functioneren.Kristien Hens - 2020 - Algemeen Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Wijsbegeerte 112 (1):59-63.
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  33.  18
    Book Review: Humberto Maturana Romesin and Gerda Verden-Zolder-The Origin of Humanness in the Biology of Love. [REVIEW]Kristien Hens - 2009 - Ethical Perspectives 16 (4):398-399.
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  34.  20
    To Transfer or Not to Transfer: The Case of Comprehensive Chromosome Screening of the In Vitro Embryo. [REVIEW]Kristien Hens - 2015 - Health Care Analysis 23 (2):197-206.
    The screening of in vitro embryos resulting from in vitro fertilization treatment for chromosomal abnormalities has as a primary aim to help patients achieve a successful pregnancy. Most IVF centers will not transfer aneuploid embryos, as they have an enhanced risk of leading to implantation failure and miscarriage. However, some aneuploidies, such as trisomy-21, can lead to viable pregnancies and to children with a variable health prognosis, and some prospective parents may request transfer of such embryos. I present two cases (...)
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  35.  12
    Vulnerability and Care. Christian Reflections on the Philosophy of Medicine, by Andrew Sloane, Bloomsbury, T&T Clark Theology, 2016, Vii+211 Pp., $ 112 (Hardback) (Also Available as E-Book, $ 23.99), ISBN 9780567316776. [REVIEW]Kristien Hens - 2016 - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 77 (1-2):70-71.
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  36.  7
    Conceptualizing Neurodevelopmental Disorders as Networks: Promises and Challenges.Kristien Hens, Kris Evers & Johan Wagemans - 2019 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 42.
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  37.  17
    Whole Genome Sequencing of Children’s DNA for Research: Points to Consider.Kristien Hens - 2011 - Journal of Clinical Research and Bioethics 2 (7).
    This report is grounded in several social concepts: First, the primary goal of genetic testing should be to promote the well-being of the child. Second, the recognition that children are part of a network of family relationships supports an approach to potential conflicts that is not adversarial but, rather, emphasizes a deliberative process that seeks to promote the child's well-being within this context. Third, as children grow through successive stages of cognitive and moral development, parents and professionals should be attentive (...)
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  38.  17
    Book Review: Grant Gillett-Subjectivity and Being Somebody: Human Identity and Neuroethics. [REVIEW]Kristien Hens - 2009 - Ethical Perspectives 16 (3):397.
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  39.  11
    Book Review: Donna Haraway-When Species Meet. [REVIEW]Kristien Hens - 2008 - Ethical Perspectives 15 (3):422-423.
  40.  4
    Inleiding : In het licht van de apocalyps.Kristien Hens & Katrien Schaubroeck - 2019 - Algemeen Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Wijsbegeerte 111 (4):499-504.
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  41.  9
    Book Review: Evandro Agassi and Fabio Minazzi (Eds.)-Science and Ethics, The Axiological Contexts of Science. [REVIEW]Kristien Hens - 2009 - Ethical Perspectives 16 (4):521-522.
  42.  9
    Book Review: David Koepsell-Who Owns You? The Corporate Gold Rush to Patent Your Genes. [REVIEW]Kristien Hens - 2010 - Ethical Perspectives 17 (1):125.
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  43.  6
    Book Review: Manesh Ananth-In Defense of an Evolutionary Concept of Health: Nature, Norms and Human Biology. [REVIEW]Kristien Hens - 2009 - Ethical Perspectives 16 (4):396.
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