Results for 'J. Samuel Barkin'

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  1.  36
    Realist Constructivism: Rethinking International Relations Theory.J. Samuel Barkin - 2010 - Cambridge University Press.
    Realism and constructivism, two key contemporary theoretical approaches to the study of international relations, are commonly taught as mutually exclusive ways of understanding the subject. Realist Constructivism explores the common ground between the two, and demonstrates that, rather than being in simple opposition, they have areas of both tension and overlap. There is indeed space to engage in a realist constructivism. But at the same time, there are important distinctions between them, and there remains a need for a constructivism that (...)
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  2.  34
    International organization: theories and institutions.J. Samuel Barkin - 2006 - New York: Palgrave-Macmillan.
    Primarily focused on the theoretical aspects of International Organization, this book provides an in-depth examination of competing theories through thematic chapters. Intended to fill the gap between introductory textbooks and primary sources of theory, International Organization , is useful for upper-level international relations courses with a significant emphasis on theory.
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  3.  13
    Industrial Policy, Technology, and International Bargaining: Designing Nuclear Industries in Argentina and Brazil. Etel Solingen.J. Samuel Walker - 1997 - Isis 88 (2):362-362.
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  4. Explaining Religion: Criticism and Theory from Bodin to Freud.J. Samuel Preus - 1987 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 27 (3):186-187.
     
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  5.  18
    The Atomic Energy Commission and the Politics of Radiation Protection, 1967-1971.J. Samuel Walker - 1994 - Isis 85 (1):57-78.
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  6.  22
    Spinoza and the Irrelevance of Biblical Authority.J. Samuel Preus - 2001 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    Spinoza's Theological-Political Treatise is a landmark both in democratic political theory and in the history of biblical interpretation. Spinoza championed liberty of thought, speech and writing by discrediting the Bible as the standard for truth and a source of public law. Applying a new historical criticism, he showed that biblical teaching and law were irrelevant for a modern pluralistic state and its intellectual life. J. Samuel Preus highlights Spinoza's achievement by reading the Treatise in the context of a literary (...)
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  7.  18
    Eros and Aphrodisia in the works of Dio Chrysostom.J. Samuel Houser - 1998 - Classical Antiquity 17 (2):236-259.
    Near the end of his Euboean Discourse, Dio attacks prostitution because it encourages men to seek sexual pleasure from other sources as well, including youths from noble households. While some scholars find no evidence in this diatribe for Dio's revulsion against male-male sexual relations per se, others conclude that it does indeed reflect Dio's contempt for all sexual relations between men. This study considers afresh Dio's treatments of sexual relations between men in his Discourses, and concludes that Dio may endorse (...)
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  8.  16
    Homo Sapiens as a Model Maker.J. Samuel Bois - 1974 - In Donald E. Washburn & Dennis R. Smith (eds.), Coping with increasing complexity: implications of general semantics and general systems theory. New York: Gordon & Breach. pp. 82.
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  9.  34
    Spinoza, Vico, and the Imagination of Religion.J. Samuel Preus - 1989 - Journal of the History of Ideas 50 (1):71.
    Early modern analysis of religion as imaginative construct played a pivotal role in the theoretical development of the study of religion as a discipline detached from theology. Spinoza and vico applied this analysis to the classic western mythological texts--The bible and the homeric epics, Respectively. Moreover, Vico drew more heavily upon the work of spinoza than has been previously recognized. This dependence appears not only in vico's conceptualization of the "imaginative ((as contrasted to rational() universal," but in his critical canons (...)
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  10.  13
    Machiavelli's Functional Analysis of Religion: Context and Object.J. Samuel Preus - 1979 - Journal of the History of Ideas 40 (2):171.
  11.  40
    Timothy J. Jorgensen. Strange Glow: The Story of Radiation. xiii + 490 pp., illus., notes, bibl., index. Princeton, N.J./Oxford: Princeton University Press, 2016. $35. [REVIEW]J. Samuel Walker - 2017 - Isis 108 (2):471-472.
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  12.  7
    Apartheid: A Christian Response.Ronald J. Sider, Vinay Samuel & Tokunboh Adeyemo - 1986 - Transformation: An International Journal of Holistic Mission Studies 3 (2):1-1.
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  13.  6
    A Report and a Projection.Ronald J. Sider, Vinay Samuel & Tokunboh Adeyemo - 1984 - Transformation: An International Journal of Holistic Mission Studies 1 (4):1-1.
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  14.  7
    Challenging Abortion, Violence, Racism and Economic Oppression.Ronald J. Sider, Vinay Samuel & Tokunboh Adeyemo - 1986 - Transformation: An International Journal of Holistic Mission Studies 3 (1):1-1.
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  15.  8
    Religious Freedom: Growth and Challenge.Ronald J. Sider, Vinay Samuel & Tokunboh Adeyemo - 1991 - Transformation: An International Journal of Holistic Mission Studies 8 (2):e0-e0.
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  16.  6
    Some Minimal Guidelines.Ronald J. Sider, Vinay Samuel & Tokunboh Adeyemo - 1985 - Transformation: An International Journal of Holistic Mission Studies 2 (4):1-1.
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  17.  22
    The cultural halo effect: Black and white women rate black and white men.M. J. Intons-Peterson & Arlene K. Samuels - 1978 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 11 (5):309-312.
  18.  6
    Christian Faith and Politics.Ronald J. Sider, Vinay Samuel & Tokunboh Adeyemo - 1985 - Transformation: An International Journal of Holistic Mission Studies 2 (3):1-1.
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  19.  39
    Quasi−Realism, Acquaintance, and The Normative Claims of Aesthetic Judgement.S. Davies, R. Hopkins, J. Robinson & C. Samuel Todd - 2004 - British Journal of Aesthetics 44 (3):277-296.
  20.  8
    Shareholder activism in listed family firms: Exploring the effectiveness of say‐on‐pay on CEO compensation.Gregorio Sánchez-Marín, Gabriel Lozano-Reina & J. Samuel Baixauli-Soler - 2024 - Business Ethics, the Environment and Responsibility 33 (3):308-330.
    The widespread critical evidence surrounding executive compensation of listed corporations has boosted shareholder activism in recent decades. The say-on-pay (SOP) mechanism—a vote in which shareholders express their (dis)agreement with executive pay designs—is one of the corporate governance mechanisms that has led to this activism among listed firms. Merging agency and socioemotional wealth (SEW) arguments, this paper analyzes how effective SOP voting results are among listed family firms in terms of CEO compensation efficiency and equity. Using a sample of UK listed (...)
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  21.  90
    Thinking through other minds: A variational approach to cognition and culture.Samuel P. L. Veissière, Axel Constant, Maxwell J. D. Ramstead, Karl J. Friston & Laurence J. Kirmayer - 2020 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 43:e90.
    The processes underwriting the acquisition of culture remain unclear. How are shared habits, norms, and expectations learned and maintained with precision and reliability across large-scale sociocultural ensembles? Is there a unifying account of the mechanisms involved in the acquisition of culture? Notions such as “shared expectations,” the “selective patterning of attention and behaviour,” “cultural evolution,” “cultural inheritance,” and “implicit learning” are the main candidates to underpin a unifying account of cognition and the acquisition of culture; however, their interactions require greater (...)
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  22.  65
    How to Treat Persons.Samuel J. Kerstein - 2013 - Oxford, GB: Oxford University Press.
    Samuel J. Kerstein develops a new, broadly Kantian account of the ethical issues that arise when a person treats another merely as a means. He explores how Kantian principles on the dignity of persons shed light on pressing issues in modern bioethics, including the distribution of scarce medical resources and the regulation of markets in organs.
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  23.  40
    The Intentions with Which the Road is Paved: Attitudes to Liberalism as Determinants of Greenwashing.Samuel Touboul & Thomas J. Roulet - 2015 - Journal of Business Ethics 128 (2):305-320.
    Previous literature has shown contradictory results regarding the relationship between economic liberalism at the country level and firms’ engagement in corporate social action. Because liberalism is associated with individualism, it is often assumed that firms will engage in mostly symbolic rather than substantive social and environmental actions; in other words, they will practice “greenwashing.” To understand how cultural beliefs in the virtues of liberalism affect the likelihood of greenwashing, we disentangle the effects of the distinct and co-existing beliefs in the (...)
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  24.  32
    Science and religion: An origins story.Samuel J. Loncar - 2021 - Zygon 56 (1):275-296.
    In recent scholarship, the science and religion debate has been historicized, revealing the novelty of the concepts of science and religion and their complex connections to secularization and the birth of modernity. This article situates this historicist turn in the history of philosophy and its connections to theology and Scripture, showing that the science and religion concept derives from philosophy's earlier tension with theology as it became an academic discipline centered in the medieval, then research university, with the centrality of (...)
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  25.  28
    Defending Wittgenstein’s Remarks on Cantor from Putnam.Samuel J. Wheeler - 2021 - Philosophical Investigations 45 (3):320-333.
    Philosophical Investigations, Volume 45, Issue 3, Page 320-333, July 2022.
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  26.  39
    Kant’s Search for the Supreme Principle of Morality.Samuel J. Kerstein - 2002 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    At the core of Kant's ethics lies the claim that if there is a supreme principle of morality then it cannot be a principle based on utilitarianism or Aristotelian perfectionism or the Ten Commandments. The only viable candidate for such a principle is the categorical imperative. This book is the most detailed investigation of this claim. It constructs a new, criterial reading of Kant's derivation of one version of the categorical imperative: the Formula of Universal Law. This reading shows this (...)
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  27.  14
    Deconstructing the human algorithms for exploration.Samuel J. Gershman - 2018 - Cognition 173 (C):34-42.
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  28.  34
    TTOM in action: Refining the variational approach to cognition and culture.Samuel P. L. Veissière, Axel Constant, Maxwell J. D. Ramstead, Karl J. Friston & Laurence J. Kirmayer - 2020 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 43:e120.
    The target article “Thinking Through Other Minds” (TTOM) offered an account of the distinctively human capacity to acquire cultural knowledge, norms, and practices. To this end, we leveraged recent ideas from theoretical neurobiology to understand the human mind in social and cultural contexts. Our aim was bothsynthetic– building an integrative model adequate to account for key features of cultural learning and adaptation; andprescriptive– showing how the tools developed to explain brain dynamics can be applied to the emergence of social and (...)
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  29. Korsgaard's Kantian Arguments for the Value of Humanity.Samuel J. Kerstein - 2001 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 31 (1):23-52.
    In The Sources of Normativity, Christine Korsgaard affirms that Enlightenment morality is true: humanity is valuable. To many of us few claims seem more obvious. Yet Enlightenment thinkers such as Kant do not limit themselves to affirming that humanity is valuable. They appeal to reason in an effort to establish it. They try to show that, in some sense, we are rationally compelled to recognize the value of humanity. Korsgaard joins in this effort. She champions the claim that unless we (...)
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  30.  37
    Kant and Modern Political Philosophy.Samuel J. Kerstein - 2002 - Philosophical Review 111 (3):436-439.
    In Kant and Modern Political Philosophy, Katrin Flikschuh pursues two main aims. She tries to show that Kant’s theory of Right [Recht] is grounded in Kantian metaphysics. For example, we do not really understand Kant’s thought on property rights and cosmopolitanism unless we have in view its metaphysical underpinnings. Second, Flikschuh attempts to demonstrate the relevance of Kant’s theory of Right, especially as it is presented in Kant’s notoriously difficult Rechtslehre, to contemporary political concerns. In pursuing these aims she brings (...)
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  31.  25
    Evaluating stress as a challenge is associated with superior attentional control and motor skill performance: Testing the predictions of the biopsychosocial model of challenge and threat.Samuel J. Vine, Paul Freeman, Lee J. Moore, Roy Chandra-Ramanan & Mark R. Wilson - 2013 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 19 (3):185.
  32.  21
    Origin of perseveration in the trade-off between reward and complexity.Samuel J. Gershman - 2020 - Cognition 204 (C):104394.
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  33.  40
    Dignity, Disability, and Lifespan.Samuel J. Kerstein - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy.
    In the Paraplegia Case, we must choose either to preserve the life of a paraplegic for 10 years or that of someone in full health for the same duration. Non-consequentialists reject a benefit-maximising view, which holds that since the person in full health will have a higher quality of life, we ought to save him straightaway. In the Unequal Lifespan Case, we face a choice between saving one person for 5 years in full health and another for 25 years in (...)
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  34.  33
    Context, learning, and extinction.Samuel J. Gershman, David M. Blei & Yael Niv - 2010 - Psychological Review 117 (1):197-209.
  35.  40
    The punishment that sustains cooperation is often coordinated and costly.Samuel Bowles, Robert Boyd, Sarah Mathew & Peter J. Richerson - 2012 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 35 (1):20 - 21.
    Experiments are not models of cooperation; instead, they demonstrate the presence of the ethical and other-regarding predispositions that often motivate cooperation and the punishment of free-riders. Experimental behavior predicts subjects' cooperation in the field. Ethnographic studies in small-scale societies without formal coercive institutions demonstrate that disciplining defectors is both essential to cooperation and often costly to the punisher.
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  36.  15
    Visual perspective-taking and image-like representations: We don't see it.Steven Samuel, Klara Hagspiel, Madeline J. Eacott & Geoff G. Cole - 2021 - Cognition 210 (C):104607.
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  37.  84
    Complete lives in the balance.Samuel J. Kerstein & Greg Bognar - 2010 - American Journal of Bioethics 10 (4):37 – 45.
    The allocation of scarce health care resources such as flu treatment or organs for transplant presents stark problems of distributive justice. Persad, Wertheimer, and Emanuel have recently proposed a novel system for such allocation. Their “complete lives system” incorporates several principles, including ones that prescribe saving the most lives, preserving the most life-years, and giving priority to persons between 15 and 40 years old. This paper argues that the system lacks adequate moral foundations. Persad and colleagues' defense of giving priority (...)
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  38.  19
    Treating oneself merely as a means.Samuel J. Kerstein - 2008 - In Monika Betzler (ed.), Kant's Ethics of Virtues. De Gruyter. pp. 201-218.
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  39. Defending the Traditional Interpretations of Kant’s Formula of a Law of Nature.Samuel J. M. Kahn - 2019 - Theoria 66 (158):76-102.
    In this paper I defend the traditional interpretations of Kant’s Formula of a Law of Nature from recent attacks leveled by Faviola Rivera-Castro, James Furner, Ido Geiger, Pauline Kleingeld and Sven Nyholm. After a short introduction, the paper is divided into four main sections. In the first, I set out the basics of the three traditional interpretations, the Logical Contradiction Interpretation, the Practical Contradiction Interpretation and the Teleological Contradiction Interpretation. In the second, I examine the work of Geiger, Kleingeld and (...)
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  40.  29
    Are Kidney Markets Morally Permissible If Vendors Do Not Benefit?Samuel J. Kerstein - 2014 - American Journal of Bioethics 14 (10):29-30.
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  41. Kantian condemnation of commerce in organs.Samuel J. Kerstein - 2009 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 19 (2):pp. 147-169.
    Opponents of commerce in organs sometimes appeal to Kant’s Formula of Humanity to justify their position. Kant implies that anyone who sells an integral part of his body violates this principle and thereby acts wrongly. Although appeals to Kant’s Formula are apt, they are less helpful than they might be because they invoke the necessity of respecting the dignity of ends in themselves without specifying in detail what dignity is or what it means to respect it, and they cite the (...)
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  42. Nary an Obligatory Maxim from Kant’s Universalizability Tests.Samuel J. M. Kahn - 2022 - Zeitschrift Für Ethik Und Moralphilosophie 5 (1):15-35.
    In this paper I argue that there would be no obligatory maxims if the only standards for assessing maxims were Kant’s universalizability tests. The paper is divided into five sections. In the first, I clarify my thesis: I define my terms and disambiguate my thesis from other related theses for which one might argue. In the second, I confront the view that says that if a maxim passes the universalizability tests, then there is a positive duty to adopt that maxim; (...)
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  43.  62
    Ought-onomy and Mental Health Ethics: From "Respect for Personal Autonomy" to "Preservation of Person-in-Community" in African Ethics.Samuel J. Ujewe - 2018 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 25 (4):45-59.
    Those whom the gods wish to destroy, they first make mad, says a Nigerian proverb. These words of wisdom re-echo in traditional approaches to mental health ethics in sub-Saharan Africa. Among many cultures in Nigeria, it is customary to subject persons with mental health illness, especially those who present with violent behavior, to physical restraint and beatings. The belief is that such subjugation could restore mental health in the early stages of madness. Physical restraint and beatings only form a part (...)
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  44. Kantian Ethics and our Duties to Nonhuman Animals.Samuel J. M. Kahn - 2024 - Between the Species 27 (1):82-107.
    Many take Kantian ethics to founder when it comes to our duties to animals. In this paper, I advocate a novel approach to this problem. The paper is divided into three sections. In the first, I canvass various passages from Kant in order to set up the problem. In the second, I introduce a novel approach to this problem. In the third, I defend my approach from various objections. By way of preview: I advocate rejecting the premise that nonhuman animals (...)
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  45.  62
    Would two dimensions be world enough for spacetime?Samuel C. Fletcher, J. B. Manchak, Mike D. Schneider & James Owen Weatherall - 2018 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 63:100-113.
    We consider various curious features of general relativity, and relativistic field theory, in two spacetime dimensions. In particular, we discuss: the vanishing of the Einstein tensor; the failure of an initial-value formulation for vacuum spacetimes; the status of singularity theorems; the non-existence of a Newtonian limit; the status of the cosmological constant; and the character of matter fields, including perfect fluids and electromagnetic fields. We conclude with a discussion of what constrains our understanding of physics in different dimensions.
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  46.  62
    Incarceration, Restitution, and Lifetime Debarment: Legal Consequences of Scientific Misconduct in the Eric Poehlman Case: Commentary on: “Scientific Forensics: How the Office of Research Integrity can Assist Institutional Investigations of Research Misconduct During Oversight Review”.Samuel J. Tilden - 2010 - Science and Engineering Ethics 16 (4):737-741.
    Following its determination of a finding of scientific misconduct the Office of Research Integrity (ORI) will seek redress for any injury sustained. Several remedies both administrative and statutory may be available depending on the strength of the evidentiary findings of the misconduct investigation. Pursuant to federal regulations administrative remedies are primarily remedial in nature and designed to protect the integrity of the affected research program, whereas statutory remedies including civil fines and criminal penalties are designed to deter and punish wrongdoers. (...)
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  47.  19
    Revising ethical guidance for the evaluation of programmes and interventions not initiated by researchers.Samuel I. Watson, Mary Dixon-Woods, Celia A. Taylor, Emily B. Wroe, Elizabeth L. Dunbar, Peter J. Chilton & Richard J. Lilford - 2020 - Journal of Medical Ethics 46 (1):26-30.
    Public health and service delivery programmes, interventions and policies are typically developed and implemented for the primary purpose of effecting change rather than generating knowledge. Nonetheless, evaluations of these programmes may produce valuable learning that helps determine effectiveness and costs as well as informing design and implementation of future programmes. Such studies might be termed ‘opportunistic evaluations’, since they are responsive to emergent opportunities rather than being studies of interventions that are initiated or designed by researchers. However, current ethical guidance (...)
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  48.  93
    When pestilence prevails physician responsibilities in epidemics.Samuel J. Huber & Matthew K. Wynia - 2004 - American Journal of Bioethics 4 (1):5 – 11.
    The threat of bioterrorism, the emergence of the SARS epidemic, and a recent focus on professionalism among physicians, present a timely opportunity for a review of, and renewed commitment to, physician obligations to care for patients during epidemics. The professional obligation to care for contagious patients is part of a larger "duty to treat," which historically became accepted when 1) a risk of nosocomial infection was perceived, 2) an organized professional body existed to promote the duty, and 3) the public (...)
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  49.  10
    A Response to Dehnel's ‘Defending Wittgenstein’.Samuel J. Wheeler - 2024 - Philosophical Investigations 47 (2):258-267.
    This is a reply to ‘Defending Wittgenstein’, Piotr Dehnel's critique of my article, ‘Defending Wittgenstein's Remarks on Cantor from Putnam’. I first show that my position is much more in agreement with Felix Mühlhölzer than Dehnel takes it to be, and that his criticism of me is nothing more than a failure to recognize this. I then show how Dehnel incorrectly reads Wittgenstein as rejecting set theory as false. It is an overemphasis on and a much too narrow picture of (...)
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  50. Immersive 3D Virtual Reality Cancellation Task for Visual Neglect Assessment: A Pilot Study.Samuel E. J. Knobel, Brigitte C. Kaufmann, Stephan M. Gerber, Dario Cazzoli, René M. Müri, Thomas Nyffeler & Tobias Nef - 2020 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 14.
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