Results for 'Stuart Malawer'

1000+ found
Order:
  1.  41
    The Origins of Order: Self Organization and Selection in Evolution.Stuart A. Kauffman - 1993 - Oxford University Press.
    Stuart Kauffman here presents a brilliant new paradigm for evolutionary biology, one that extends the basic concepts of Darwinian evolution to accommodate recent findings and perspectives from the fields of biology, physics, chemistry and mathematics. The book drives to the heart of the exciting debate on the origins of life and maintenance of order in complex biological systems. It focuses on the concept of self-organization: the spontaneous emergence of order widely observed throughout nature. Kauffman here argues that self-organization plays (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   439 citations  
  2.  83
    The New Mechanical Philosophy.Stuart Glennan - 2017 - Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    This volume argues for a new image of science that understands both natural and social phenomena to be the product of mechanisms, casting the work of science as an effort to understand those mechanisms. Glennan offers an account of the nature of mechanisms and of the models used to represent them in physical, life, and social sciences.
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   122 citations  
  3.  28
    Essays by Stuart Rachels.Stuart Rachels - unknown
    Over the last fifty years, traditional farming has been replaced by industrial farming. Unlike traditional farming, industrial farming is abhorrently cruel to animals, environmentally destructive, awful for rural America, and wretched for human health. In this essay, I document those facts, explain why the industrial system has become dominant, and argue that we should boycott industrially produced meat. Also, I argue that we should not even kill animals humanely for food, given our uncertainty about which creatures possess a right to (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  4.  88
    The collected works of John Stuart Mill.John Stuart Mill - 2006 - Indianapolis, Ind.: Liberty Fund.
    The Collected Works of John Stuart Mill was directed by an editorial committee appointed from the Faculty of Arts and Science of the University of Toronto and from the University of Toronto Press, and it was published from 1963 to 1991 in thirty-three hardcover volumes. The primary aim of the edition is to present fully collated, accurate texts of those works which exist in a number of versions, both printed and manuscript, and to provide accurate texts of those works (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   38 citations  
  5. Imagination: A Sine Qua Non of Science.Michael T. Stuart - 2017 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy (49):9-32.
    What role does the imagination play in scientific progress? After examining several studies in cognitive science, I argue that one thing the imagination does is help to increase scientific understanding, which is itself indispensable for scientific progress. Then, I sketch a transcendental justification of the role of imagination in this process.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   23 citations  
  6.  11
    Hemisphere Function in the Human Brain.Stuart J. Dimond & J. Graham Beaumont (eds.) - 1974 - Elek.
  7.  10
    Interview: Stuart Hart.Stuart Hart - 2005 - Business Ethics: The Magazine of Corporate Responsibility 19 (2):28-30.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  8. Mechanisms and the nature of causation.Stuart S. Glennan - 1996 - Erkenntnis 44 (1):49--71.
    In this paper I offer an analysis of causation based upon a theory of mechanisms-complex systems whose internal parts interact to produce a system's external behavior. I argue that all but the fundamental laws of physics can be explained by reference to mechanisms. Mechanisms provide an epistemologically unproblematic way to explain the necessity which is often taken to distinguish laws from other generalizations. This account of necessity leads to a theory of causation according to which events are causally related when (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   429 citations  
  9. Rethinking mechanistic explanation.Stuart Glennan - 2002 - Proceedings of the Philosophy of Science Association 2002 (3):S342-353.
    Philosophers of science typically associate the causal-mechanical view of scientific explanation with the work of Railton and Salmon. In this paper I shall argue that the defects of this view arise from an inadequate analysis of the concept of mechanism. I contrast Salmon's account of mechanisms in terms of the causal nexus with my own account of mechanisms, in which mechanisms are viewed as complex systems. After describing these two concepts of mechanism, I show how the complex-systems approach avoids certain (...)
    Direct download (10 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   391 citations  
  10.  19
    Investigations.Stuart A. Kauffman - 2000 - Oxford University Press.
    A fascinating exploration of the very essence of life itself sheds new light on the order and evolution in complex life systems and defines and explains autonomous agents and work within the contexts of thermodynamics and information theory, setting the stage for a dramatic technological revolution. 50,000 first printing.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   216 citations  
  11.  39
    Rethinking Mechanistic Explanation.Stuart Glennan - 2002 - Philosophy of Science 69 (S3):S342-S353.
    Philosophers of science typically associate the causal-mechanical view of scientific explanation with the work of Railton and Salmon. In this paper I shall argue that the defects of this view arise from an inadequate analysis of the concept of mechanism. I contrast Salmon's account of mechanisms in terms of the causal nexus with my own account of mechanisms, in which mechanisms are viewed as complex systems. After describing these two concepts of mechanism, I show how the complex-systems approach avoids certain (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   404 citations  
  12.  22
    At Home in the Universe: The Search for Laws of Self-organization and Complexity.Stuart Kauffman & Stuart A. Kauffman - 1995 - Oxford University Press USA.
    At Home in the Universe presents and extends the intellectual core ofKauffman's earlier book The Origins of Order (OUP 1993) for any intelligentgeneral reader can understand and appreciate. The reader is very effectivelyinvited into Kauffman's vision and thought processes, in one of the moreexhilarating and important books of popular science.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   184 citations  
  13.  77
    The Civic Minimum: On the Rights and Obligations of Economic Citizenship.Stuart Gordon White (ed.) - 2003 - Oxford University Press.
    In this highly relevant and important contribution to the debate on the future of the welfare state, Stuart White reconsiders the principles of economic citizenship appropriate to a democratic society, and explores the radical implications of these principles for public policy.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   46 citations  
  14. The philosophy of John Stuart Mill: ethical, political, and religious.John Stuart Mill - 1961 - New York,: Modern Library.
    Bentham.--Coleridge.--M. de Tocqueville on democracy in America.--On liberty.--Utilitarianism.--From Considerations on representative government.--From An examination of Sir William Hamilton's philosophy, volume 1.--From Three essays on religion.--John Stuart Mill, a select bibliography (p. [525]-530).
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  15.  15
    Elizabeth Stuart Phelps: A Good Feminist Woman Doing Bad Theology?Elizabeth Stuart - 2001 - Feminist Theology 9 (26):70-82.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  16.  44
    Reconsidering fetal pain.Stuart W. G. Derbyshire & John C. Bockmann - 2020 - Journal of Medical Ethics Recent Issues 46 (1):3-6.
    Fetal pain has long been a contentious issue, in large part because fetal pain is often cited as a reason to restrict access to termination of pregnancy or abortion. We have divergent views regarding the morality of abortion, but have come together to address the evidence for fetal pain. Most reports on the possibility of fetal pain have focused on developmental neuroscience. Reports often suggest that the cortex and intact thalamocortical tracts are necessary for pain experience. Given that the cortex (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   13 citations  
  17. Ignorance: How It Drives Science.Stuart Firestein - 2012 - Oxford University Press.
    Machine generated contents note: -- Chapter 1. A Short View of Ignorance -- Chapter 2. Finding Out -- Chapter 3. Limits, Uncertainty, Impossibility, and Other Minor Problems -- Chapter 4. Unpredicting -- Chapter 5. The Quality of Ignorance -- Chapter 6. Ignorance in Action: Case Histories -- Chapter 7. Ignorance beyond the Lab.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   28 citations  
  18.  90
    Racing to the precipice: a model of artificial intelligence development.Stuart Armstrong, Nick Bostrom & Carl Shulman - 2016 - AI and Society 31 (2):201-206.
  19. Thinking Inside the Box: Controlling and Using an Oracle AI.Stuart Armstrong, Anders Sandberg & Nick Bostrom - 2012 - Minds and Machines 22 (4):299-324.
    There is no strong reason to believe that human-level intelligence represents an upper limit of the capacity of artificial intelligence, should it be realized. This poses serious safety issues, since a superintelligent system would have great power to direct the future according to its possibly flawed motivation system. Solving this issue in general has proven to be considerably harder than expected. This paper looks at one particular approach, Oracle AI. An Oracle AI is an AI that does not act in (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   17 citations  
  20.  17
    Reflective teaching in the postmodern world: a manifesto for education in postmodernity.Stuart Parker - 1997 - Philadelphia: Open University Press.
    This is a book about two stories of education. In one story there is a vocabulary of means, efficiency, bureaucracy, inspection and science; in the other, one of autonomy, democracy, emancipation and action research. One is the story of positivist managerialist approaches to education, the other is the story of reflective teaching. This book displaces both of these stories. By applying the techniques of deconstruction, Stuart Parker overturns the assumptions common to both of these positions and, in doing so, (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   14 citations  
  21. John Stuart Mackenzie.John Stuart Mackenzie - 1936 - London,: Williams & Norgate. Edited by Millicent Hughes Mackenzie & W. Tudor Jones.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  22.  36
    Failure: Why Science is so Successful.Stuart Firestein - 2015 - Oxford University Press USA.
    "The pursuit of science by professional scientists every day bears less and less resemblance to the perception of science by the general public. It is not the rule-based, methodical system for accumulating facts that dominates the public view. Rather it is the idiosyncratic, often bumbling search for understanding in mostly uncharted places. It is full of wrong turns, cul-de-sacs, mistaken identities, false findings, errors of fact and judgment-and the occasional remarkable success. The widespread but distorted view of science as infallible (...)
  23.  14
    Time-of-occurrence cues for "unattended" auditory material.Stuart T. Klapp & Patricia Lee - 1974 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 102 (1):176.
  24.  20
    The Routledge Handbook of Mechanisms and Mechanical Philosophy.Stuart Glennan & Phyllis McKay Illari (eds.) - 2017 - Routledge.
    From the operation of the universe to DNA, the brain and the economy, natural and social frequently describe their activity as being concerned with discovering mechanisms. Despite this fact, for much of the twentieth century philosophical discussions of the nature of mechanisms remained outside philosophy of science. The Routledge Handbook of Mechanisms and Mechanical Philosophy is an outstanding reference source to the key topics, problems and debates in this exciting subject and is the first collection of its kind. Comprising over (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   23 citations  
  25. Modeling mechanisms.Stuart Glennan - 2005 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 36 (2):443-464.
    Philosophers of science increasingly believe that much of science is concerned with understanding the mechanisms responsible for the production of natural phenomena. An adequate understanding of scientific research requires an account of how scientists develop and test models of mechanisms. This paper offers a general account of the nature of mechanical models, discussing the representational relationship that holds between mechanisms and their models as well as the techniques that can be used to test and refine such models. The analysis is (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   134 citations  
  26.  9
    A World Beyond Physics: The Emergence and Evolution of Life.Stuart A. Kauffman - 2019 - Oup Usa.
    Explores the possiblity and process of evolution beyond the standard and established scientific principles.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   19 citations  
  27. Counterexamples to the transitivity of better than.Stuart Rachels - 1998 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 76 (1):71 – 83.
    Ethicists and economists commonly assume that if A is all things considered better than B, and B is all things considered better than C, then A is all things considered better than C. Call this principle Transitivity. Although it has great conceptual, intuitive, and empirical appeal, I argue against it. Larry S. Temkin explains how three types of ethical principle, which cannot be dismissed a priori, threaten Transitivity: (a) principles implying that in some cases different factors are relevant to comparing (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   97 citations  
  28.  12
    Autobiography of John Stuart Mill.John Stuart Mill - 2016 - New York,: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform.
    Autobiography of John Stuart Mill by John Stuart Mill John Stuart Mill (20 May 1806 - 8 May 1873) was an English philosopher, political economist and civil servant. One of the most influential thinkers in the history of liberalism, he contributed widely to social theory, political theory and political economy. He has been called "the most influential English-speaking philosopher of the nineteenth century." Mill's conception of liberty justified the freedom of the individual in opposition to unlimited state (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  29.  12
    Morality and pessimism.Stuart Hampshire - 1972 - London,: Cambridge University Press.
  30. Mechanisms, Causes, and the Layered Model of the World.Stuart Glennan - 2010 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 81 (2):362-381.
    Most philosophical accounts of causation take causal relations to obtain between individuals and events in virtue of nomological relations between properties of these individuals and events. Such views fail to take into account the consequences of the fact that in general the properties of individuals and events will depend upon mechanisms that realize those properties. In this paper I attempt to rectify this failure, and in so doing to provide an account of the causal relevance of higher-level properties. I do (...)
    Direct download (10 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   58 citations  
  31.  33
    A Framework for Leader, Spiritual, and Moral Development.Stuart Allen & Louis W. Fry - 2023 - Journal of Business Ethics 184 (3):649-663.
    Interest in spirituality in the workplace and in leaders’ spirituality has grown in the last two decades, paralleled by the emergence of spiritual leadership theories and research. Despite evidence that spirituality is important to many leaders, the literature fails to adequately address the intersections of spiritual, leader, and moral development. A whole person and integrated approach to these three types of development seems beneficial to individual leaders, businesses, and society. In this article we first review spiritual, moral, and leader development (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  32.  83
    Philosophical debates about the definition of death: Who cares?Stuart J. Youngner & Robert M. Arnold - 2001 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 26 (5):527 – 537.
    Since the Harvard Committees bold and highly successful attempt to redefine death in 1968 (Harvard Ad Hoc committee, 1968), multiple controversies have arisen. Stimulated by several factors, including the inherent conceptual weakness of the Harvard Committees proposal, accumulated clinical experience, and the incessant push to expand the pool of potential organ donors, the lively debate about the definition of death has, for the most part, been confined to a relatively small group of academics who have created a large body of (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   25 citations  
  33.  3
    Krishnamurti: The Man, the Mystery & the Message.Stuart Holroyd - 1991 - Rockport, Mass.: HarperElement.
  34.  8
    Irony and Crisis: A Critical History of Postmodern Culture.Stuart Sim - 2002 - Totem Books.
    This book is designed to trace the critical history of the postmodern paradigm.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  35.  21
    Remembering the hippocampus.Stuart M. Zola & Larry R. Squire - 1999 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (3):469-471.
    The proposal that the hippocampus is important for the encoding of episodic information, but not familiarity-based recognition, is incompatible with the available data. An alternative way to think about functional specialization within the medial temporal lobe memory system is suggested, based on neuroanatomy.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  36.  46
    Counterexamples to the Transitivity of Better Than.Stuart Rachels - 2005 - In Toni Rønnow-Rasmussen & Michael J. Zimmerman (eds.), Recent Work on Intrinsic Value. Springer. pp. 249--263.
  37. Utilitarianism, liberty, representative government.John Stuart Mill - 1954 - London,: Dent.
    John Stuart Mill (1806-1873) was a British philosopher, political economist, civil servant, and Member of Parliament.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   29 citations  
  38. Ephemeral Mechanisms and Historical Explanation.Stuart Glennan - 2010 - Erkenntnis 72 (2):251-266.
    While much of the recent literature on mechanisms has emphasized the superiority of mechanisms and mechanistic explanation over laws and nomological explanation, paradigmatic mechanisms—e.g., clocks or synapses—actually exhibit a great deal of stability in their behavior. And while mechanisms of this kind are certainly of great importance, there are many events that do not occur as a consequence of the operation of stable mechanisms. Events of natural and human history are often the consequence of causal processes that are ephemeral and (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   47 citations  
  39.  2
    Consents (and Contents) Under Pressure: Maintaining Space for Moral Engagement in Research Protocols.Stuart G. Finder, Mark J. Bliton & Virginia L. Bartlett - 2022 - American Journal of Bioethics 22 (3):68-70.
    Furthermore, adults with decision-making capacity, including pregnant women, can currently accept interventions with moderate net risks for themselves in other settings (e.g., open f...
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  40. Vegetarianism.Stuart Rachels - unknown
    1. Animal Cruelty Industrial farming is appallingly abusive to animals. Pigs. In America, nine-tenths of pregnant sows live in “gestation crates. ” These pens are so small that the animals can barely move. When the sows are first crated, they may flail around, in an attempt to get out. But soon they give up. Crated pigs often show signs of depression: they engage meaningless, repetitive behavior, like chewing the air or biting the bars of the stall. The sows live like (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   26 citations  
  41.  72
    Temporal comparison theory.Stuart Albert - 1977 - Psychological Review 84 (6):485-503.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  42. The Republican critique of capitalism.Stuart White - 2011 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 14 (5):561-579.
    Although republican political theory has undergone something of a revival in recent years, some question its contemporary relevance on the grounds that republicanism has little to say about central questions of modern economic organization. In response, this paper offers an account of core republican values and then considers how capitalism stands in relation to these values. It identifies three areas of republican concern related to: the impact of unequal wealth distribution on personal liberty; the impact of the private control of (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   28 citations  
  43. Beyond Desartes and Newton: Recovering life and humanity.Stuart A. Kauffman & Arran Gare - 2015 - Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology 119 (3):219-244.
    Attempts to ‘naturalize’ phenomenology challenge both traditional phenomenology and traditional approaches to cognitive science. They challenge Edmund Husserl’s rejection of naturalism and his attempt to establish phenomenology as a foundational transcendental discipline, and they challenge efforts to explain cognition through mainstream science. While appearing to be a retreat from the bold claims made for phenomenology, it is really its triumph. Naturalized phenomenology is spearheading a successful challenge to the heritage of Cartesian dualism. This converges with the reaction against Cartesian thought (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  44.  46
    Six Theses on Mechanisms and Mechanistic Science.Stuart Glennan, Phyllis Illari & Erik Weber - 2022 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 53 (2):143-161.
    In this paper we identify six theses that constitute core results of philosophical investigation into the nature of mechanisms, and of the role that the search for and identification of mechanisms play in the sciences. These theses represent the fruits of the body of research that is now often called New Mechanism. We concisely present the main arguments for these theses. In the literature, these arguments are scattered and often implicit. Our analysis can guide future research in many ways: it (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  45. Physician-Assisted Death in Perspective: Assessing the Dutch Experience.Stuart J. Youngner & Gerrit K. Kimsma (eds.) - 2012 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book is the first comprehensive report and analysis of the Dutch euthanasia experience over the last three decades. In contrast to most books about euthanasia, which are written by authors from countries where the practice is illegal and therefore practised only secretly, this book analyzes empirical data and real-life clinical behavior. Its essays were written by the leading Dutch scholars and clinicians who shaped euthanasia policy and who have studied, evaluated and helped regulate it. Some of them have themselves (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  46.  7
    Humanity in a Creative Universe.Stuart A. Kauffman - 2016 - Oup Usa.
    In this fascinating read, Kauffman concludes that the development of life on earth is not entirely predictable, because no theory could ever fully account for the limitless variations of evolution. Sure to cause a stir, this book will be discussed for years to come and may even set the tone for the next "great thinker.".
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   16 citations  
  47.  14
    Nursing, Images and Ideals: Opening Dialogue with the Humanities.Stuart F. Spicker & Sally Gadow - 1980
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   15 citations  
  48.  18
    Development Ethics: Distance, Difference, Plausibility.Stuart Corbridge - 1998 - Ethics, Place and Environment 1 (1):35-53.
    This paper defends some aspects of the intentionalist and internationalist worldviews of mainstream development studies against certain moral claims emanating from the New Right and a diverse post-Left. I contend that citizens and states in the advanced industrial world have a responsibility to attend to the claims of distant strangers. Although it is difficult to specify in determinate ways how this responsibility should be discharged—save for attending to basic human needs and rights—the responsibility itself derives from the interlinking and asymmetrical (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   19 citations  
  49. The Turing Test: Verbal Behavior as the Hallmark of Intelligence.Stuart M. Shieber (ed.) - 2004 - MIT Press.
    Stuart M. Shieber’s name is well known to computational linguists for his research and to computer scientists more generally for his debate on the Loebner Turing Test competition, which appeared a decade earlier in Communications of the ACM. 1 With this collection, I expect it to become equally well known to philosophers.
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   19 citations  
  50.  2
    The Technological Singularity: Managing the Journey.Stuart Armstrong, Victor Callaghan, James Miller & Roman Yampolskiy (eds.) - 2017 - Berlin, Heidelberg: Imprint: Springer.
    This volume contains a selection of authoritative essays exploring the central questions raised by the conjectured technological singularity. In informed yet jargon-free contributions written by active research scientists, philosophers and sociologists, it goes beyond philosophical discussion to provide a detailed account of the risks that the singularity poses to human society and, perhaps most usefully, the possible actions that society and technologists can take to manage the journey to any singularity in a way that ensures a positive rather than a (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
1 — 50 / 1000