Results for 'Stefan Rensing'

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  1. The Plant Ontology as a tool for comparative plant anatomy and genomic analyses.Cooper Laurel, Walls Ramona, L. Elser, Justin Gandolfo, A. Maria, Stevenson Dennis, W. Smith, Barry Preece, Justin Athreya, Balaji Mungall, J. Christopher, Rensing Stefan & Others - 2012 - Plant and Cell Physiology.
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  2.  11
    The evolution of eukaryotic cells from the perspective of peroxisomes.Kathrin Bolte, Stefan A. Rensing & Uwe-G. Maier - 2015 - Bioessays 37 (2):195-203.
    Beta‐oxidation of fatty acids and detoxification of reactive oxygen species are generally accepted as being fundamental functions of peroxisomes. Additionally, these pathways might have been the driving force favoring the selection of this compartment during eukaryotic evolution. Here we performed phylogenetic analyses of enzymes involved in beta‐oxidation of fatty acids in Bacteria, Eukaryota, and Archaea. These imply an alpha‐proteobacterial origin for three out of four enzymes. By integrating the enzymes' history into the contrasting models on the origin of eukaryotic cells, (...)
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  3. Ontologies as Integrative Tools for Plant Science.Ramona Walls, Balaji Athreya, Laurel Cooper, Justin Elser, Maria A. Gandolfo, Pankaj Jaiswal, Christopher J. Mungall, Justin Preece, Stefan Rensing, Barry Smith & Dennis W. Stevenson - 2012 - American Journal of Botany 99 (8):1263–1275.
    Bio-ontologies are essential tools for accessing and analyzing the rapidly growing pool of plant genomic and phenomic data. Ontologies provide structured vocabularies to support consistent aggregation of data and a semantic framework for automated analyses and reasoning. They are a key component of the Semantic Web. This paper provides background on what bio-ontologies are, why they are relevant to botany, and the principles of ontology development. It includes an overview of ontologies and related resources that are relevant to plant science, (...)
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  4.  40
    The revised transliminality scale: Reliability and validity data from a Rasch top-down purification procedure.Rense Lange, Michael A. Thalbourne, James Houran & Lance Storm - 2000 - Consciousness and Cognition 9 (4):591-617.
    The concept of transliminality (''a hypothesized tendency for psychological material to cross thresholds into or out of consciousness'') was anticipated by William James (1902/1982), but it was only recently given an empirical definition by Thalbourne in terms of a 29-item Transliminality Scale. This article presents the 17-item Revised Transliminality Scale (or RTS) that corrects age and gender biases, is unidimensional by a Rasch criterion, and has a reliability of .82. The scale defines a probabilistic hierarchy of items that address magical (...)
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  5.  34
    Stefan Sottiaux, De Verenigde Staten van België.Stefan Rummens - 2011 - Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy 40 (2):169-172.
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  6.  57
    What are universities for?Stefan Collini - 2012 - New York: Penguin Books.
    Stefan Collini challenges the common claim that universities need to show that they help to make money in order to justify getting more money.
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  7.  54
    Stefan Zweig, Hans Rosenkranz und der J. M. Spaeth-Verlag, Berlin.Stefan Litt - 2018 - Naharaim 12 (1-2):101-132.
    Von 1925 bis 1928 wurden im Berliner J. M. Spaeth-Verlag unter der Leitung von Hans Rosenkranz eine Reihe von Werken seinerzeit eher unbekannter, in der Retrospektive jedoch signifikanter Autoren der Zwischenkriegszeit publiziert. Der Beitrag thematisiert Rosenkranz als jungen Verleger und Bewunderer Stefan Zweigs. Er entwirft auf Grundlage der Archivüberlieferung einen neuen Blick auf die Geschichte des Unternehmens und kommentiert das damit verbundene literarische Programm: Welche wichtigen verlegerischen Projekte wurden in jener kurzen Zeit unternommen? Welche Rolle hatte Stefan Zweig (...)
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  8. Stefan Sciaraffa.Stefan Sciaraffa - 1999 - Legal Theory 5 (2):201-219.
     
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  9. An axiomatic approach to axiological uncertainty.Stefan Https://Orcidorg Riedener - 2020 - Philosophical Studies 177 (2):483-504.
    How ought you to evaluate your options if you’re uncertain about which axiology is true? One prominent response is Expected Moral Value Maximisation, the view that under axiological uncertainty, an option is better than another if and only if it has the greater expected moral value across axiologies. EMVM raises two fundamental questions. First, there’s a question about what it should even mean. In particular, it presupposes that we can compare moral value across axiologies. So to even understand EMVM, we (...)
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  10.  9
    Conversation with Prof. Stefan Swieżawski.Stefan Swieżawski & Paweł Kaczorowski - 2021 - Civitas. Studia Z Filozofii Polityki 11:298-308.
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  11. Ethics of Artificial Intelligence.Stefan Buijsman, Michael Klenk & Jeroen van den Hoven - forthcoming - In Nathalie Smuha (ed.), Cambridge Handbook on the Law, Ethics and Policy of AI. Cambridge University Press.
    Artificial Intelligence (AI) is increasingly adopted in society, creating numerous opportunities but at the same time posing ethical challenges. Many of these are familiar, such as issues of fairness, responsibility and privacy, but are presented in a new and challenging guise due to our limited ability to steer and predict the outputs of AI systems. This chapter first introduces these ethical challenges, stressing that overviews of values are a good starting point but frequently fail to suffice due to the context (...)
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  12.  43
    Slurs and Freedom of Speech.Stefan Rinner - 2022 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 40 (5):836-848.
    A very common argument against restrictions on hate speech says that since such restrictions curtail freedom of speech, they cause more harm than they prevent. A no less common reply has it that the harms caused by hate speech are sufficiently great to justify legal restrictions on free speech. In ‘Freedom of Expression and Derogatory Words’, West questions a common assumption of both arguments concerning the use of slurs, i.e. that restricting the use of slurs necessarily curtails freedom of speech. (...)
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  13.  4
    Performatives Selbstbewusstsein.Stefan Lang - 2019 - Paderborn: Mentis, Brill Deutschland.
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  14. Das Spiel um Anerkennung. Vereine mit Türkeibezug im Berliner Amateurfußball.Stefan Metzger - unknown
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  15.  11
    Five Modes of Scepticism: Sextus Empiricus and the Agrippan Modes.Stefan Sienkiewicz - 2019 - New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
    Stefan Sienkiewicz analyses five argument forms which are central to Pyrrhonian scepticism, as expressed in the writings of Sextus Empiricus. In particular, Sienkiewicz distinguishes between two different perspectives of the sceptic and his dogmatic opponent, and interprets the five modes of scepticism from both viewpoints.
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  16. On the Measurement of Need-Based Justice.Stefan Traub, Alexander Max Bauer, Mark Siebel, Nils Springhorn & Arne Robert Weiß - manuscript
    Need considerations play an important role in empirically informed theories of distributive justice. We propose a concept of need-based justice that is related to social participation and provide an ethical measurement of need-based justice. The β-ε-index satisfies the need-principle, monotonicity, sensitivity, transfer and several »technical« axioms. A numerical example is given.
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  17. Are we living in 1984? / Stefan Storrie and Ezio Di Nucci. Part I. War is peace. Revolutionary from the waist down.Stefan Storrie & Diana Adela Martin - 2018 - In Ezio Di Nucci & Stefan Storrie (eds.), 1984 and Philosophy, is Resistance Futile? Open Court.
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  18. Faktum der Vernunft oder Faktum der Kultur? Ein Problem für Kants Beweis der Freiheit.Stefan Fischer - forthcoming - Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung.
    This article develops an objection to Kant’s proof of freedom from the Critique of Practical Reason. In his proof — the fact of reason argument — Kant deduces the reality of freedom, understood as the ability to act independently of all inclinations, from our consciousness of the unconditional validity of morality. He calls this consciousness the "fact of reason". After a systematic reconstruction of the argument, I develop an objection that relies on three points: (i) the cultural embeddedness of human (...)
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  19. The effectiveness of supervisory boards: an exploratory study of challenges in Dutch boardrooms.Stefan C. Peij, Pieter–Jan Bezemer & Gregory F. Maassen - 2012 - International Journal of Business Governance and Ethics 7 (3):191-208.
     
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  20. Heraklit z Efezu.Stefan Pawlicki - 2008 - Kronos - metafizyka, kultura, religia 2 (2):364-389.
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  21.  2
    Imeto kato filosofski problem.Stefan Stefanov Petrov - 2021 - Sofii︠a︡: Universitetsko izdatelstvo "Sv. Kliment Okhridski".
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  22.  24
    How to be absolutely fair Part I: The Fairness formula.Stefan Wintein & Conrad Heilmann - forthcoming - Economics and Philosophy.
    We present the first comprehensive theory of fairness that conceives of fairness as having two dimensions: a comparative and an absolute one. The comparative dimension of fairness has traditionally been the main interest of Broomean fairness theories. It has been analysed as satisfying competing individual claims in proportion to their respective strengths. And yet, many key contributors to Broomean fairness agree that ‘absolute’ fairness is important as well. We make this concern precise by introducing the Fairness formula and the absolute (...)
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  23.  33
    Public Moralists: Political Thought and Intellectual Life in Britain, 1850-1930.Stefan Collini - 1991 - Oxford : Clarendon Press ; New York : Oxford University Press.
    This imaginative and unusual book explores the moral sensibilities and cultural assumptions that were at the heart of political debate in Victorian and early twentieth-century Britain. It focuses on the role of intellectuals as public moralists and suggests ways in which their more formal political theory rested upon habits of response and evaluation that were deeply embedded in wider social attitudes and aesthetic judgments. Collini examines the characteristic idioms and strategies of argument employed in periodical and polemical writing, and reconstructs (...)
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  24.  14
    Suzanne Le‐May Sheffield. Women and Science: Social Impact and Interaction. xxxv + 448 pp., illus., bibl., index. Piscataway, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, 2005. $29.95. [REVIEW]Susan Rensing - 2008 - Isis 99 (2):386-387.
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  25. Nietzsche, the overhuman, and transhumanism.Stefan Lorenz Sorgner - 2008 - Journal of Evolution and Technology 20 (1):29-42.
    Bostrom rejects Nietzsche as an ancestor of the transhumanist movement, as he claims that there were merely some “surface-level similarities with the Nietzschean vision” (Bostrom 2005a, 4). In contrast to Bostrom, I think that significant similarities between the posthuman and the overhuman can be found on a fundamental level. In addition, it seems to me that Nietzsche explained the relevance of the overhuman by referring to a dimension which seems to be lacking in transhumanism. In order to explain my position, (...)
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  26.  28
    Surprisal-based comparison between a symbolic and a connectionist model of sentence processing.Stefan L. Frank - 2009 - In N. A. Taatgen & H. van Rijn (eds.), Proceedings of the 31st Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. pp. 1139--1144.
  27.  46
    Zorii comunismului în Rom'nia. Ştefan Foriş, un destin neterminat [The Dawns of Communism in Romania. Ştefan Foriş, an Unaccomplished Destiny].Ștefan Bosomitu - 2015 - History of Communism in Europe 6:233-236.
  28.  40
    Conditionals, Conditional Probabilities, and Conditionalization.Stefan Kaufmann - 2015 - In Hans-Christian Schmitz & Henk Zeevat (eds.), Bayesian Natural Language Semantics and Pragmatics. Springer. pp. 71-94.
    Philosophers investigating the interpretation and use of conditional sentences have long been intrigued by the intuitive correspondence between the probability of a conditional `if A, then C' and the conditional probability of C, given A. Attempts to account for this intuition within a general probabilistic theory of belief, meaning and use have been plagued by a danger of trivialization, which has proven to be remarkably recalcitrant and absorbed much of the creative effort in the area. But there is a strategy (...)
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  29. Gleiche Gerechtigkeit: Grundlagen eines liberalen Egalitarismus.Stefan Gosepath - 2004 - Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp.
    Equal Justice explores the role of the idea of equality in liberal theories of justice. The title indicates the book’s two-part thesis: first, I claim that justice is the central moral category in the socio-political domain; second, I argue for a specific conceptual and normative connection between the ideas of justice and equality. This pertains to the age-old question concerning the normative significance of equality in a theory of justice. The book develops an independent, systematic, and comprehensive theory of equality (...)
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  30.  43
    Stefan Opara, Zarys teorii indywidualnej religijności (An Outline of the Theory of Individual Religiosity). [REVIEW]Stefan Opara - 1977 - Dialectics and Humanism 4 (2):209-210.
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  31. A Wittgensteinian Account of Free Will and Moral Responsibility.Stefan Rummens & Benjamin De Mesel - 2023 - In Cecilie Eriksen, Julia Hermann, Neil O'Hara & Nigel Pleasants (eds.), Philosophical Perspectives on Moral Certainty. New York: Routledge. pp. 132-155.
    In this chapter we deal with the challenge to the existence of free will and moral responsibility that is raised by the threat of determinism from a Wittgensteinian perspective. Our argument starts by briefly recapitulating Wittgenstein’s analysis of the practice of doubt in On Certainty. We subsequently turn to the problem of free will. We argue that the existence of free will is a basic certainty and that the thesis of determinism fails to cast doubt on it. We thereby make (...)
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  32.  1
    Ethik, die sich einmischt: eine Untersuchung der Moralphilosophie Robert Spaemanns.Stefan Meisert - 2014 - Freiburg: Verlag Herder.
    Robert Spaemanns Philosophie und Ethik stellen eine Herausforderung für die zeitgenössische Philosophie wie für die Moraltheologie dar. Er steht dem "Projekt der Moderne" kritisch, wenn nicht gar ablehnend gegenüber, da er darin Totalitarismen erblickt, die dazu führen, dass die Metaphysik mehr und mehr durch ein funktionales Denken abgelöst wird. In sokratischer Manier hinterfragt er die Argumentationen so lange, bis sie den Gesetzen der Vernunft genügen oder ihre Ergänzungsbedürftigkeit, wenn nicht Haltlosigkeit offenkundig ist. Die vorliegende Untersuchung zeigt dies vor allem anhand (...)
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  33. ""Do" Image Enhancement" Functions Really Enhance X-Ray Image Interpretation?Stefan Michel, Saskia M. Koller, Markus Ruh & Adrian Schwaninger - 2007 - In McNamara D. S. & Trafton J. G. (eds.), Proceedings of the 29th Annual Cognitive Science Society. Cognitive Science Society.
     
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  34. The Principles and the Presumption of Equality.Stefan Gosepath - 2015 - In Carina Fourie, Fabian Schuppert & Ivo Wallimann-Helmer (eds.), Social Equality. On What It Means to Be Equals. Oxford, Vereinigtes Königreich: pp. 167-185.
  35.  29
    Coping with unconsidered context of formalized knowledge.Stefan Mandl & Bernd Ludwig - 2007 - In D. C. Richardson B. Kokinov (ed.), Modeling and Using Context. Springer. pp. 342--355.
    The paper focuses on a difficult problem when formalizing knowledge: What about the possible concepts that didn’t make it into the formalization? We call such concepts the unconsidered context of the formalized knowledge and argue that erroneous and inadequate behavior of systems based on formalized knowledge can be attributed to different states of the unconsidered context; either while formalizing or during application of the formalization. We then propose an automatic strategy to identify different states of unconsidered context inside a given (...)
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  36. Hedonic hybridization: suburbanized ruralities in Romania and Switzerland.Stefan Mann & Silviu G. Totelecan - 2012 - International Journal on Humanistic Ideology 5 (2):13-42.
     
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  37.  4
    Hierarhiska evolucija na svesta.Stefan Markovski - 2012 - Skopje: Akademski pečat.
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  38. Przymus ekonomiczny a postęp techniczny.Stefan Marciniak - 1988 - Zagadnienia Naukoznawstwa 24:71.
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  39.  2
    Cosmologies et cosmogonies dans la littérature antique: huit exposés suivis de discussions et d'un épilogue.Stefan M. Maul, Therese Fuhrer, Michael Erler & Pascale Derron (eds.) - 2015 - Vandoeuvres: Fondation Hardt.
  40. Walking backwards into the future : the conception of time in the ancient Near East.Stefan Maul - 2008 - In Tyrus Miller (ed.), Given World and Time: Temporalities in Context. Ceu Press.
     
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  41.  57
    The impact of 'exile' on thought: Plotinus, Derrida and Gnosticism.Stefan Rossbach - 2007 - History of the Human Sciences 20 (4):27-52.
    This article examines the impact of `exile' — as an individual or collective experience — on how human experience is theorized. The relationship between `exile' and thought is initially approached historically by looking at the period that Eric Dodds famously called the `age of anxiety' in late antiquity, i.e. the period between the emperors Aurelius and Constantine. A particular interest is in the dynamics of `empire' and the concomitant religious ferment as a context in which `exile', both experientially and symbolically, (...)
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  42.  2
    Der Leib in Nietzsches Zarathustra.Stefan Thumfart - 1995 - New York: Peter Lang Gmbh, Internationaler Verlag Der Wissenschaften.
    Die Begegnung von Buddhismus und Christentum fordert ein verwandeltes Selbstverständnis philosophischen Denkens. Der japanische Philosoph Keiji Nishitani sieht in der existenziellen Radikalisierung der Frage «Was ist Religion?» bis zum buddhistischen Standpunkt der Leere die Möglichkeit der Überwindung des Nihilismus. Seine Geschichtsinterpretation öffnet in dieser Arbeit den Zugang zu Nietzsches Leib-Denken in seinem Zarathustra. In diesem Rahmen versucht der Verfasser, mit einer Methodenvielfalt und in Auseinandersetzung mit wichtigen abendländischen Denkern die Fraglichkeit jener Frage an ihre Grenze zu treiben.
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  43.  2
    Alberto Acerbi. Cultural Evolution in the Digital Age.Stefan Veleski - 2020 - Evolutionary Studies in Imaginative Culture 4 (2):135-140.
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  44.  9
    How to be absolutely fair Part II: Philosophy meets economics.Stefan Wintein & Conrad Heilmann - forthcoming - Economics and Philosophy.
    In the article ‘How to be absolutely fair, Part I: the Fairness formula’, we presented the first theory of comparative and absolute fairness. Here, we relate the implications of our Fairness formula to economic theories of fair division. Our analysis makes contributions to both philosophy and economics: to the philosophical literature, we add an axiomatic discussion of proportionality and fairness. To the economic literature, we add an appealing normative theory of absolute and comparative fairness that can be used to evaluate (...)
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  45. Maximising Expected Value Under Axiological Uncertainty. An Axiomatic Approach.Stefan Riedener - 2015 - Dissertation, Oxford
    The topic of this thesis is axiological uncertainty – the question of how you should evaluate your options if you are uncertain about which axiology is true. As an answer, I defend Expected Value Maximisation (EVM), the view that one option is better than another if and only if it has the greater expected value across axiologies. More precisely, I explore the axiomatic foundations of this view. I employ results from state-dependent utility theory, extend them in various ways and interpret (...)
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  46.  96
    Authenticity, Meaning and Alienation: Reasons to Care Less About Far Future People.Stefan Riedener - forthcoming - In Jacob Barrett, Hilary Greaves & David Thorstad (eds.), Essays on Longtermism.
    The standard argument for longtermism assumes that we should care as much about far future people as about our contemporaries. I challenge this assumption. I first consider existing interpretations of ‘temporal discounting’, and argue that such discounting seems either unwarranted or insufficient to block the argument. I then offer two alternative reasons to care less about far future people: caring as much about them as about our contemporaries would make our lives less authentic and less meaningful. If I’m right, this (...)
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  47.  78
    Bolzano's Notion of Grounding and the Classical Model of Science.Stefan Roski - 2014 - Dissertation, Vu University Amsterdam
    The dissertation provides a reconstruction of Bernard Bolzano's theory of grounding (both in early and late works) against the background of a classical conception of science and scientific explanation.
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  48.  13
    Wölfl, Stefan, Kombinierte Zeit- und Modallogik, Vollständigkeitsresultate für prädikatenlogische Sprachen. [REVIEW]Stefan Wölfl - 2001 - Erkenntnis 55 (1):117-121.
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  49. critical reading of the current parenting culture through the case of Triple P.Stefan Ramaekers, K. U. Leuven & Miss Annabel Vandezande - forthcoming - Journal of Moral Education.
  50.  37
    Heartbeat detection and the experience of emotions.Stefan Wiens, Elizabeth S. Mezzacappa & Edward S. Katkin - 2000 - Cognition and Emotion 14 (3):417-427.
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