Results for 'Gregory Benford'

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  1.  6
    Evil and Me.Gregory Benford - 2009-09-10 - In Russell Blackford & Udo Schüklenk (eds.), 50 Voices of Disbelief. Wiley‐Blackwell. pp. 157–160.
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  2. The lesson of Newcomb’s paradox.David H. Wolpert & Gregory Benford - 2013 - Synthese 190 (9):1637-1646.
    In Newcomb’s paradox you can choose to receive either the contents of a particular closed box, or the contents of both that closed box and another one. Before you choose though, an antagonist uses a prediction algorithm to accurately deduce your choice, and uses that deduction to fill the two boxes. The way they do this guarantees that you made the wrong choice. Newcomb’s paradox is that game theory’s expected utility and dominance principles appear to provide conflicting recommendations for what (...)
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  3. Less is More for Bayesians, Too.Gregory Wheeler - 2020 - In Riccardo Viale (ed.), Routledge Handbook on Bounded Rationality. pp. 471-483.
  4.  10
    Complicity and moral accountability.Gregory Mellema - 2016 - Notre Dame, Indiana: University of Notre Dame Press.
    In Complicity and Moral Accountability, Gregory Mellema presents a philosophical approach to the moral issues involved in complicity. Starting with a taxonomy of Thomas Aquinas, according to whom there are nine ways for one to become complicit in the wrongdoing of another, Mellema analyzes each kind of complicity and examines the moral status of someone complicit in each of these ways. Mellema's central argument is that one must perform a contributing action to qualify as an accomplice, and that it (...)
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  5. Unger's Argument from Absolute Terms.Gregory Stoutenburg - 2017 - Philosophical Papers 46 (3):443-461.
    In this paper, I explain the curious role played by the Argument from Absolute Terms in Peter Unger's book Ignorance, I provide a critical presentation of the argument, and I consider some outstanding issues and the argument’s contemporary significance.
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  6.  68
    Medical ethics: accounts of ground-breaking cases.Gregory E. Pence - 2010 - New York: McGraw-Hill. Edited by Gregory E. Pence.
    Now in its twentieth year of publication, this rich collection, popular among teachers and students alike, provides an in-depth look at major cases that have shaped the field of medical ethics. The book presents each famous (or infamous) case using extensive historical and contextual background, and then proceeds to illuminate it by careful discussion of pertinent philosophical theories and legal and ethical issues.
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  7.  27
    Thomas Aquinas on Military Prudence.Gregory M. Reichberg - 2010 - Journal of Military Ethics 9 (3):262-275.
    Virtually all historical treatments of just war recognize the importance of the account given by Thomas Aquinas in Summa theologiae II-II, q. 40, ?De bello?, where he outlines three conditions ? legitimate authority, just cause, and right intention ? for a justifiable use of armed force. It is, however, less well known that within the same section of the work (q. 50, a. 4) Aquinas extended his reflection on just war into a theory of military prudence. By placing generalship under (...)
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  8. A letter to Emmanuel Faye.Gregory Fried - 2019 - In Gegory Fried (ed.), Confronting Heidegger: A Critical Dialogue on Politics and Philosophy. Lanham, Maryland, USA: Rowman & Littlefield International.
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  9.  2
    Finishing our story: preparing for the end of life.Gregory L. Eastwood - 2019 - New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
    Death is the destiny we all share, and this will not change. Yet the way we die, which had remained the same for many generations, has changed drastically in a relatively short time for those in developed countries with access to healthcare. For generations, if people were lucky enough to reach old age, not having died in infancy or childhood, in childbirth, in war, or by accident, they would take to bed, surrounded by loved ones who cared for them, and (...)
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  10. A Review of the Lottery Paradox.Gregory Wheeler - 2007 - In William Harper & Gregory Wheeler (eds.), Probability and Inference: Essays in Honour of Henry E. Kyburg, Jr. College Publications.
    Henry Kyburg’s lottery paradox (1961, p. 197) arises from considering a fair 1000 ticket lottery that has exactly one winning ticket. If this much is known about the execution of the lottery it is therefore rational to accept that one ticket will win. Suppose that an event is very likely if the probability of its occurring is greater than 0.99. On these grounds it is presumed rational to accept the proposition that ticket 1 of the lottery will not win. Since (...)
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  11. Mary Midgley on What Matters: Conversations on Science, Ethics, and Nature (Forthcoming).Gregory S. McElwain - forthcoming - London: Bloomsbury Academic Press. Edited by Gregory S. McElwain.
    Preliminary Abstract: -/- The late Mary Midgley (1919-2018) was one of the most relevant and wide-ranging moral philosophers of the last century. For over forty years, she drew attention to the necessity of philosophy in everyday life while making significant contributions on such topics as human nature, ethics, animals and the environment, science, religion, and other real-world issues. Midgley’s remarkable career saw the publication of over 250 books, journal articles, pamphlets, and other materials, concluding with the publication of What Is (...)
     
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  12. The Road to Necropolis: Technics and Death in the Philosophy of Lewis Mumford.Gregory Morgan Swer - 2003 - History of the Human Sciences 16 (4):39-59.
    The purpose of this article is to explore the close link between technology and death in the philosophical writings of Lewis Mumford. Mumford famously argued that throughout the history of western civilization we find intertwined two competing forms of technics; the democratic biotechnic form and the authoritarian monotechnic form. The former technics were said to be strongly compatible with an organic form of life while the latter were said to be allied to a mechanical power complex. What is perhaps less (...)
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  13.  3
    Religion, Philosophy and Knowledge.Gregory W. Dawes - 2016 - Cham: Imprint: Palgrave Macmillan.
    This book offers a philosophical approach to religion that acknowledges both the diversity of religions and the many and varied dimensions of the religious life. Rather than restricting itself to Christian theism, it covers a wide range of religious traditions, examining their beliefs in the context of the actual practice of the religious life. After outlining the aims of religion, the book focuses on claims to knowledge. What kinds of knowledge do religions purport to offer? In what idiom is it (...)
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  14.  3
    Drei Studien zur Dialektik: Theorie der Dialektik erster Band.Gregory Fuller - 1983 - Aalen: Scientia Verlag.
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  15. Gadamer's Truth and Method: A Polyphonic Commentary.Gregory Lynch & Cynthia R. Nielsen (eds.) - 2022 - Rowman & Littlefield.
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  16. Introduction : confronting Heidegger : a critical dialogue on politics and philosophy.Gregory Fried - 2019 - In Gegory Fried (ed.), Confronting Heidegger: A Critical Dialogue on Politics and Philosophy. Lanham, Maryland, USA: Rowman & Littlefield International.
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  17. Aristotle’s Non-‘Dialectical’ Methodology in the Nicomachean Ethics.Gregory Salmieri - 2009 - Ancient Philosophy 29 (2):311-335.
    The Nicomachean Ethics is generally thought to be a “dialectical” work, aimed at resolving aporia in a set of endoxa, which it takes as its starting-point. I argue that Aristotle’s aim in the treatise is, rather, to produce definitions of key ethical terms, and that his starting-points are limited to evaluative and discriminative judgments of a certain sort, which are demanded by the nature of the discipline and are not endoxa. I discuss also how the definitions are reached (focusing on (...)
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  18.  6
    Humans in Nature: The World as We Find It and the World as We Create It.Gregory E. Kaebnick - 2013 - New York, New York: Oup Usa.
  19.  74
    Aristotle on Selfishness? Understanding the Iconoclasm of Nicomachean Ethics ix 8.Gregory Salmieri - 2014 - Ancient Philosophy 34 (1):101-120.
  20.  6
    Freedom of the Seas.Gregory Bassham & Tod Bassham - 2012-07-01 - In Patrick Goold & Fritz Allhoff (eds.), Sailing – Philosophy for Everyone. Blackwell. pp. 61–71.
    This chapter contains sections titled: Cheerful Resignation Self‐Sufficiency Murphy was an Optimist: Negative Visualization Agency and Control Fate, Freedom, and Sailing.
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  21.  5
    Lance Armstrong and True Success.Gregory Bassham & Chris Krall - 2010-09-24 - In Fritz Allhoff, Jesús Ilundáin‐Agurruza & Michael W. Austin (eds.), Cycling ‐ Philosophy for Everyone. Wiley‐Blackwell. pp. 56–67.
    This chapter contains sections titled: Classical Theories of Success Morris's 3‐D Approach to Life Lance Discovers His Positive Talents Lance Develops His Talents: Pre‐Cancer Lance Develops His Talents: Post‐Cancer Lance Deploys His Talents Notes.
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  22.  6
    Appeal to Ridicule.Gregory L. Bock - 2018-05-09 - In Robert Arp, Steven Barbone & Michael Bruce (eds.), Bad Arguments. Wiley. pp. 118–120.
    This chapter focuses on one of the common fallacies in Western philosophy, appeal to ridicule. An appeal to ridicule is closely related to an ad hominem argument because both attack the person. There is a similarity between an appeal to ridicule and an appeal to emotion in that both attempt to bypass rational assessment of a point of view and elicit an emotional reaction from the audience. An appeal to ridicule may be an attempt to elicit humor at another's expense, (...)
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  23.  4
    What You Can't Learn from Cartoons.Gregory A. Clark - 2010-09-24 - In Fritz Allhoff & Nathan Kowalsky (eds.), Hunting Philosophy for Everyone. Wiley‐Blackwell. pp. 56–66.
    This chapter contains sections titled: Warning: Plot Spoiler! Mediums: The Seen and the Felt Competing Messages: “Man was in the Forest” vs. “There is Another” Challenging Bambi Bambi's Counter‐Charge Re‐gifting Bambi Notes.
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  24.  5
    Nietzsche and Evolutionary Theory.Gregory Moore - 2006-01-01 - In Keith Ansell Pearson (ed.), A Companion to Nietzsche. Blackwell. pp. 515–531.
    This chapter contains sections titled: The Non‐Darwinian Revolution 1870–1880: The Struggle for Existence and Cultural Evolution 1880–1882: Nietzsche contra Spencer 1883–1888: The Will to Power as Bildungstrieb Conclusion.
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  25.  16
    Tricks of Transference: Oka Asajirō (1868–1944) on Laissez-faire Capitalism.Gregory Sullivan - 2010 - Science in Context 23 (3):367-391.
    ArgumentContrary to common portrayals of social Darwinism as a transference of laissez-faire values, the widely read evolutionism of Japan's foremost Darwinist of the early twentieth-century, Oka Asajirō (1868–1944), reflects a statist outlook that regards capitalism as the beginning of the nation's degeneration. The evolutionary theory of orthogenesis that Oka employed in his 1910 essay, “The Future of Humankind,” links him to a pre-Darwinian idealist tradition that depicted the state as an organism that develops through life-cycle stages. For Oka, laissez-faire capitalism (...)
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  26.  4
    Rethinking Ibn ʻArabi.Gregory A. Lipton - 2018 - New York, NY, United States of America: Oxford University Press.
    The thirteenth century mystic Ibn ʻArabi was the foremost Sufi theorist of the premodern era. For more than a century, Western scholars and esotericists have heralded his universalism, arguing that he saw all contemporaneous religions as equally valid. In Rethinking Ibn ʻArabi, Gregory Lipton calls this image into question and throws into relief how Ibn ʻArabi's discourse is inseparably intertwined with the absolutist vision of his own religious milieu-- that is, the triumphant claim that Islam fulfilled, superseded, and therefore (...)
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  27. Nishidian philosophy in the genealogy of groundless will.Gregory S. Moss & Takeshi Morisato - 2025 - In Gregory S. Moss & Takeshi Morisato (eds.), The dialectics of absolute nothingness: the legacies of German philosophy in the Kyoto school. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
     
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  28. The logic of reality in Nishidian philosophy.Gregory S. Moss & Takeshi Morisato - 2025 - In Gregory S. Moss & Takeshi Morisato (eds.), The dialectics of absolute nothingness: the legacies of German philosophy in the Kyoto school. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
     
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  29.  7
    The Philosophy Book: From the Vedas to the New Atheists: 250 Milestones in the History of Philosophy.Gregory Bassham - 2016 - New York: Sterling, an imprint of Sterling Publishing Co..
    Philosophy explores the deepest, most fundamental questions of reality and this accessible and entertaining chronology presents 250 milestones of the most important theories, events, and seminal publications in the field over the last 3,500 years. The brief, engaging entries cover a range of topics and cultures, from the Hindu Vedas and Plato's theory of forms to Ockham's razor, Pascal's wager, Hume's A Treatise of Human Nature, existentialism, feminism, Philosophical zombies, and the Triple Theory of Ethics. Beautifully illustrated and filled with (...)
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  30. Part One. Cultural and Cross-Cultural Agencies. The Year the Music Died : Agency in the Context of Demise on Takū, Papua New Guinea / Richard Moyle ; "One of the finest and best-appointed theatres in the colonies" : His Majesty's Theatre and the Evolution of Entertainment in Dunedin, New Zealand / Sandra Crawshaw ; "In the Tiki Tiki Tiki Tiki Tiki Room" : Musicalizing the South Pacific in Disney's Theme Parks.Gregory Camp - 2023 - In Nancy November (ed.), Music, society, agency. Boston: Academic Studies Press.
     
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  31.  4
    Effortless living: Wu-Wei and the spontaneous state of natural harmony.Jason Gregory - 2018 - Rochester, Vermont: Inner Traditions.
    A guide for achieving an enlightened mind through the art of non-doing.
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  32. Reimagining Black feminist epistemology and praxis : reflecting on the contemporary and evolving conceptual framework of one Black faculty woman's academic life.Sheila T. Gregory - 2023 - In Christa J. Porter, V. Thandi Sulé & Natasha N. Croom (eds.), Black feminist epistemology, research, and praxis: narratives in and through the academy. New York, NY: Routledge.
  33. Reimagining Black feminist epistemology and praxis : reflecting on the contemporary and evolving conceptual framework of one Black faculty woman's academic life.Sheila T. Gregory - 2023 - In Christa J. Porter, V. Thandi Sulé & Natasha N. Croom (eds.), Black feminist epistemology, research, and praxis: narratives in and through the academy. New York, NY: Routledge.
  34.  3
    Aristotle on human nature: the animal with logos.Gregory Kirk & Joseph Arel (eds.) - 2023 - New York: Bloomsbury Academic.
    Exploring Aristotle's concept of logos, this volume advances our understanding of it as a singular feature of human nature by arguing that it is the organizing principle of human life itself. Tracing its multiple meanings in different contexts, including reason, logic, speech, ratio, account, and form, contributors highlight the ways in which we can see logos in human thinking, in the organizing principles of our bodies, in our perception of the world, in our social and political life, and through our (...)
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  35. Absolute critique in Tanabe Hajime's philosophy as metanoetics.Gregory S. Moss - 2025 - In Gregory S. Moss & Takeshi Morisato (eds.), The dialectics of absolute nothingness: the legacies of German philosophy in the Kyoto school. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
     
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  36. Jacques Maritain, théoricien chrétien de la non-violence et de la guerre juste.Gregory Reichberg - 2022 - In Hubert Borde & Bernard Hubert (eds.), Actualité de Jacques Maritain. Paris: Pierre Téqui éditeur.
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  37.  5
    Evolution and Human Culture: Texts and Contexts.Gregory Tague - 2016 - Boston: Brill | Rodopi.
    _Evolution and Human Culture_ surveys disciplines of evolutionary studies to posit that hominin evolved moral sentiments have been integral to the development of artistic culture.
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  38.  5
    Anaximander: a re-assessment.Andrew Gregory - 2016 - New York: Bloomsbury Academic.
    Anaximander, the sixth-century BCE philosopher of Miletus, is often credited as being the instigator of both science and philosophy. The first recorded philosopher to posit the idea of the boundless cosmos, he was also the first to attempt to explain the origins of the world and humankind in rational terms. Anaximander's philosophy encompasses theories of justice, cosmogony, geometry, cosmology, zoology and meteorology. Anaximander: A Re-assessment draws together these wide-ranging threads into a single, coherent picture of the man, his worldview and (...)
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  39. Charity, justice, and the ethics of humanitarianism.Eric Gregory - 2019 - In Michael Lamb & Brian A. Williams (eds.), Everyday ethics: moral theology and the practices of ordinary life. Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press.
  40.  50
    How not to decide whether inner speech is speech: Two common mistakes.Daniel Gregory - 2024 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 23 (2):231-252.
    Philosophical interest in inner speech has grown in recent years. In seeking to understand the phenomenon, many philosophers have drawn heavily on two theories from neighbouring disciplines: Lev Vygotsky’s theory on the development of inner speech in children and a cognitive-scientific theory about speech production. I argue that they have been too uncritical in their acceptance of these theories, which has prevented a proper analysis of inner speech.
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  41.  3
    Bedside Book of Philosophy: From the Birth of Western Philosophy to The Good Place: 125 Historic Events and Big Ideas to Push the Limits of Your Knowledge.Gregory Bassham - 2021 - New York, NY: Sterling Publishing Co..
    A fascinating exploration into the 125 most important milestones in philosophy, all in one handy book perfect for keeping on your bedside table or carrying wherever you go. Now is the perfect time to expand your knowledge and learn something new or delve deeper into a topic you've always been interested in. With 125 concise, informative, and entertaining entries, The Bedside Book of Philosophy explores the key theories, great insights, thought-provoking questions, influential personalities, and seminal publications in the field over (...)
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  42.  8
    Early Greek philosophies of nature.Andrew Gregory - 2021 - New York: Bloomsbury Academic.
    This book examines the philosophies of nature of the early Greek thinkers and argues that a significant and thoroughgoing shift is required in our understanding of them. In contrast with the natural world of the earliest Greek literature, often the result of arbitrary divine causation, in the work of early Ionian philosophers we see the idea of a cosmos: ordered worlds where there is complete regularity. How was this order generated and maintained and what underpinned those regularities? What analogies or (...)
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  43.  4
    Contemporary Practices of Citizenship in Asia and the West: Care of the Self.Gregory Bracken (ed.) - 2020 - Amsterdam University Press.
    This collection of essays examines urban communities and societies in Asia and the West to shed much-needed light on issues that have emerged as the world experiences its new urban turn. An urbanized world should be an improving place, one that is better to live in, one where humans can flourish. This book examines contemporary practices of care of the self in cities in Asia and the West, including challenges to citizenship and even the right to the city itself. Written (...)
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  44.  13
    The subject of sovereignty: relationality and the pivot past liberalism.Gregory Feldman - 2023 - New York: Berghahn Books.
    Seeking new forms of democracy, progressive politics raises a fundamental question: what is the alternative to the allegedly coherent, self-contained liberal subject that represents the project of modernity? Exploring the themes of nature, race, and the divine, this book identifies the more realistic alternative in the "relational subject": a subject that is inseparable from the global field of relations through which it emerges and yet distinct from that field because it lives a life that no one else ever has. Recognizing (...)
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  45.  5
    Realismustheorie: ästhet. Studie zum Realismusbegriff.Gregory Fuller - 1977 - Bonn: Bouvier.
  46.  4
    Ethics and legal problems.Josh Gregory - 2020 - Ann Arbor, Michigan: Cherry Lake Publishing.
    Esports competitions have become a world-wide phenomenon with millions of viewers and fans. Learn about how esports competitions deal with things from gambling to cheating software. Aligned with curriculum standards, these books also highlight key 21st Century content including information, media, and technology skills. Engaging content and hands-on activities encourage creative and design thinking. Book includes table of contents, glossary, index, author biography, and sidebars.
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  47.  4
    Merleau-Pontys Phänomenologie der Sprache.Ilina Gregori - 1977 - Heidelberg: Winter.
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  48.  47
    Putnam's model-theoretic argument, natural realism, and the standard conception of theories.Gregory Landini - 1987 - Philosophical Papers 16 (3):209-233.
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  49.  2
    On the Genealogy of Morality.Gregory Maertz (ed.) - 2023 - Peterborough, CA: Broadview Press.
    _On the Genealogy of Morality_ is a history of ethics, a text about interpreting that history, and a primer on interpretation in general. It also has elements of archaeology, sociology, anthropology, psychology, and etymology. Nietzsche’s history-based approach to the development of morality, as well as his keen understanding of how power relations—especially the role played in this process by social, class, and racial divisions—continue to shape our ethical norms and standards of behavior. His reading of history and the human capacity (...)
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  50.  13
    Stoicism Today Selected Essays volume 3.Gregory B. Sadler & Leah Goldrick (eds.) - 2021 - Independently published.
    Stoicism, a philosophy and set of practices developed in ancient times, commands ever-growing interest. Its present day, students, practitioners, teachers, and scholars adapt it to the challenges of modern life. This third volume brings together fifty pieces previously published in the Stoicism Today blog, ranging from personal essays to conference presentations, from bits of practical advice to history and interpretation, from polemics to symposia grappling with controversies, key issues, and central concepts. There is something for everyone in this volume. The (...)
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