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Frederick Kroon [48]Frederick W. Kroon [20]Frederick William Kroon [5]
  1. Causal descriptivism.Frederick W. Kroon - 1987 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 65 (1):1 – 17.
  2. Descriptivism, Pretense, and the Frege-Russell Problems.Frederick Kroon - 2004 - Philosophical Review 113 (1):1-30.
    Contrary to frequent declarations that descriptivism as a theory of how names refer is dead and gone, such a descriptivism is, to all appearances, alive and well. Or rather, a descendent of that doctrine is alive and well. This new version—neo-descriptivism, for short—is supposedly immune from the usual arguments against descriptivism, in large part because it avoids classical descriptivism’s emphasis on salient, first-come-to-mind properties and holds instead that a name’s reference-fixing content is typically given by egocentric properties specified in terms (...)
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  3. Theoretical terms and the causal view of reference.Frederick W. Kroon - 1985 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 63 (2):143 – 166.
  4. Fictionalism in Metaphysics.Frederick Kroon - 2011 - Philosophy Compass 6 (11):786-803.
    This is a survey of contemporary work on ‘fictionalism in metaphysics’, a term that is taken to signify both the place of fictionalism as a distinctive anti‐realist metaphysics in which usefulness rather than truth is the norm of acceptance, and the fact that philosophers have given fictionalist treatments of a range of specifically metaphysical notions.
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  5. Is the brain a quantum computer?Abninder Litt, Chris Eliasmith, Frederick W. Kroon, Steven Weinstein & Paul Thagard - 2006 - Cognitive Science 30 (3):593-603.
    We argue that computation via quantum mechanical processes is irrelevant to explaining how brains produce thought, contrary to the ongoing speculations of many theorists. First, quantum effects do not have the temporal properties required for neural information processing. Second, there are substantial physical obstacles to any organic instantiation of quantum computation. Third, there is no psychological evidence that such mental phenomena as consciousness and mathematical thinking require explanation via quantum theory. We conclude that understanding brain function is unlikely to require (...)
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  6. Make-believe and fictional reference.Frederick Kroon - 1994 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 52 (2):207-214.
  7. Rationality and epistemic paradox.Frederick Kroon - 1993 - Synthese 94 (3):377 - 408.
    This paper provides a new solution to the epistemic paradox of belief-instability, a problem of rational choice which has recently received considerable attention (versions of the problem have been discussed by — among others — Tyler Burge, Earl Conee, and Roy Sorensen). The problem involves an ideally rational agent who has good reason to believe the truth of something of the form:[Ap] p if and only if it is not the case that I accept or believe p.
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  8. Was meinong only pretending?Frederick W. Kroon - 1992 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 52 (3):499-527.
    In this paper I argue against the usual interpretation of\nMeinong's argument for nonexistent objects, an\ninterpretation according to which Meinong imported\nnonexistent objects like "the golden mountain" to account\ndirectly for the truth of statements like the golden\nmountain is golden'. I claim instead (using evidence from\nMeinong's "On Assumptions") that his argument really\ninvolves an ineliminable appeal to the notion of pretense.\nThis appeal nearly convinced Meinong at one stage that he\ncould do without nonexistent objects. The reason, I argue,\nwhy he nonetheless embraced an ontology of nonexistents (...)
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  9.  37
    Non-directed postmortem sperm donation: some questions.Frederick Kroon & Ben Kroon - 2021 - Journal of Medical Ethics 47 (4):261-262.
    In their recent ‘The ethical case for non-directed postmortem sperm donation’, Hodson and Parker outline and defend the concept of voluntary non-directed postmortem sperm donation, the idea that men should be able to register their desire to donate their sperm after death for use by strangers since this would offer a potential means of increasing the quantity and heterogeneity of donor sperm. In this response, we raise some concerns about their proposal, focusing in particular on the fact that current methodologies (...)
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  10.  88
    A problem about make-believe.Frederick William Kroon - 1994 - Philosophical Studies 75 (3):201 - 229.
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  11.  55
    Pushing the Boundaries of Pretence.Frederick Kroon - 2018 - Analysis 78 (4):703-712.
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  12.  82
    Quantified negative existentials.Frederick Kroon - 2003 - Dialectica 57 (2):149–164.
    This paper suggests that quantified negative existentials about fiction—statements of the form “There are some / many / etc. Fs in work W who don't exist”—offer a serious challenge to the theorist of fiction: more serious, in a number of ways, that singular negative existentials. I argue that the temptation to think that only a realist semantics of such statements is plausible should be resisted. There are numerous quantified negative existentials found in other areas that seem equally “true” but where (...)
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  13. The Fiction of Creationism.Frederick Kroon - 2010 - In Franck Lihoreau (ed.), Truth in Fiction. Ontos Verlag. pp. 38--203.
     
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  14. Belief about Nothing in Particular.Frederick Kroon - 2005 - In Mark Eli Kalderon (ed.), Fictionalism in Metaphysics. New York: Oxford University Press UK. pp. 178.
     
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  15.  63
    Characterizing Non-existents.Frederick Kroon - 1996 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 51 (1):163-193.
    Consider predicates like 'is a fictional character' and 'is a mythical object'. Since their ascription entails a corresponding Negative Existential claim, call these 'NE-characterizing predicates'. Objectualists such as Parsons, Sylvan, van Inwagen, and Zalta think that NE-characterizing properties are genuine properties of genuinely non-existent objects. But how, then, to make room for statements like 'Vulcan is a failed posit' and 'that little green man is a trick of the light'? The predicates involved seem equally NE-characterizing yet on the surface fail (...)
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  16.  58
    Phenomenal Intentionality and the Role of Intentional Objects.Frederick Kroon - 2013 - In Uriah Kriegel (ed.), Phenomenal Intentionality. , US: Oxford University Press. pp. 137.
  17.  73
    The semantics of 'things in themselves': A deflationary account.Frederick Kroon - 2001 - Philosophical Quarterly 51 (203):165-181.
    Kant's distinction between things in themselves and things as they appear, or appearances, is commonly attacked on the ground that it delivers a radical and incoherent ‘two world’ picture of what there is. I attempt to deflect this attack by questioning these terms of dismissal. Distinctions of the kind Kant draws on are in fact legion, and they make perfectly good sense. The way to make sense of them, however, is not by buying into a profligate ontology but by using (...)
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  18.  71
    Existence in the Theory of Definite Descriptions.Frederick Kroon - 2009 - Journal of Philosophy 106 (7):365-389.
  19.  69
    Intentional Objects, Pretence, and the Quasi-Relational Nature of Mental Phenomena: A New Look at Brentano on Intentionality.Frederick Kroon - 2013 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 21 (3):377-393.
    Brentano famously changed his mind about intentionality between the 1874 and 1911 editions of Psychology from an Empirical Standpoint (PES). The 1911 edition repudiates the 1874 view that to think about something is to stand in a relation to something that is within in the mind, and holds instead that intentionality is only like a relation (it is ‘quasi-relational’). Despite this, Brentano still insists that mental activity involves ‘the reference to something as an object’, much as he did in the (...)
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  20. Circles and Fixed Points in Description Theories of Reference.Frederick Kroon - 1989 - Noûs 23 (3):373 - 382.
  21.  79
    A Critique of Yablo’s If-thenism.Bradley Armour-Garb & Frederick Kroon - 2023 - Philosophia Mathematica 31 (3):360-371.
    Using ideas proposed in Aboutness and developed in ‘If-thenism’, Stephen Yablo has tried to improve on classical if-thenism in mathematics, a view initially put forward by Bertrand Russell in his Principles of Mathematics. Yablo’s stated goal is to provide a reading of a sentence like ‘The number of planets is eight’ with a sort of content on which it fails to imply ‘Numbers exist’. After presenting Yablo’s framework, our paper raises a problem with his view that has gone virtually unnoticed (...)
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  22.  49
    Much Ado About Nothing: Priest and the Reinvention of Noneism.Frederick Kroon - 2008 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 76 (1):199-207.
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  23. Realism and Dialetheism.Frederick Kroon - 2004 - In Graham Priest, Jc Beall & Bradley P. Armour-Garb (eds.), The law of non-contradiction : new philosophical essays. New York: Oxford University Press.
     
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  24. A-intensions and communication.Frederick Kroon - 2004 - Philosophical Studies 118 (1-2):279-298.
    In his 'Why We Need A-Intensions', Frank Jackson argues that "representational content [is] how things are represented to be by a sentence in the communicative role it possesses in virtue of what it means," a type of content Jackson takes to be broadly descriptive. I think Jackson overstates his case. Even if we agree that such representational properties play a crucial reference-fixing role, it is much harder to argue the case for a crucial communicative role. I articulate my doubts about (...)
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  25. Millian descriptivism.Frederick Kroon - 2004 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 82 (4):553 – 576.
    Mill is a detractor of the view that proper names have meanings, defending in its place the view that names are nothing more than (meaningless) marks. Because of this, Mill is often regarded as someone who anticipated the theory of direct reference for names: the view that the only contribution a name makes to propositions expressed through its use is the name's referent. In this paper I argue that the association is unfair. With some gentle interpretation, Mill can be portrayed (...)
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  26.  34
    Imagination, Philosophy, and the Arts.Frederick Kroon - 2004 - Mind 113 (451):559-562.
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  27.  33
    On a Moorean solution to instability puzzles.Frederick W. Kroon - 1990 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 68 (4):455 – 461.
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  28.  53
    Plantinga on God, freedom, and evil.Frederick W. Kroon - 1981 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 12 (2):75 - 96.
  29.  98
    The problem of 'Jonah': How not to argue for the causal theory of reference.Frederick W. Kroon - 1983 - Philosophical Studies 43 (2):281 - 299.
  30. Quantum Molinism.Thomas Harvey, Frederick Kroon, Karl Svozil & Cristian Calude - 2022 - European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 14 (3):167-194.
    In this paper we consider the possibility of a Quantum Molinism : such a view applies an analogue of the Molinistic account of free will‘s compatibility with God’s foreknowledge to God’s knowledge of (supposedly) indeterministic events at a quantum level. W e ask how (and why) a providential God could care for and know about a world with this kind of indeterminacy. We consider various formulations of such a Quantum Molinism, and after rejecting a number of options arrive at one (...)
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  31.  66
    A Utilitarian Paradox.Frederick Kroon - 1980 - Analysis 41 (2):107 - 112.
  32.  58
    Denotation and description in free logic.Frederick W. Kroon - 1991 - Theoria 57 (1-2):17-41.
  33.  58
    Deterrence and the fragility of rationality.Frederick Kroon - 1996 - Ethics 106 (2):350-377.
  34.  31
    The Problem of (Fully) Empty Predicates.Bradley Armour-Garb & Frederick Kroon - 2017 - Australasian Philosophical Review 1 (2):163-167.
    ABSTRACTIn our paper, we mount a novel argument, which trades on recent work by Roy Sorensen [2016], following work by Saul Kripke, against Yablo's preferred reading of if-thenism, which is an attempt to read problematically ontologically committing sentences in a way that does not carry such ontological commitments. Although our argument is directed at Yablo's proposed reading of if-thenism, if the argument is successful, other versions of if-thenism may be affected. After reviewing Sorensen's recent work and presenting our argument, we (...)
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  35.  47
    What to Say When There Is Nothing to Talk about.Mircea Dumitru & Frederick Kroon - 2008 - Critica 40 (120):97-109.
    In Reference without Referents, Mark Sainsbury aims to provide an account of reference that honours the common-sense view that sentences containing empty names like "Vulcan" and "Santa Claus" are entirely intelligible, and that many such sentences -"Vulcan doesn't exist", "Many children believe that Santa Claus will give them presents at Christmas", etc.- are literally true. Sainsbury's account endorses the Davidsonian program in the theory of meaning, and combines this with a commitment to Negative Free Logic, which holds that all simple (...)
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  36. Chambers on Putnam's paradox.Frederick Kroon - 2001 - Mind 110 (439):703-708.
  37.  14
    Why Realisms about Fiction Must (and Can) Accommodate Fictional Properties.Frederick Kroon & Paul Oppenheimer - 2023 - Philosophies 8 (5):82.
    The topic of fictional objects is a familiar one, the topic of fictional properties less so. But it deserves its own place in the philosophy of fiction, if only because fictional properties have such a prominent role to play in science fiction and fantasy. What, then, are fictional properties and how does their apparent unreality relate to the unreality of fictional objects? The present paper explores these questions in the light of familiar debates about the nature of fictional objects.
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  38. Creationism and the problem of indiscernible fictional objects.Frederick Kroon - 2015 - In Stuart Brock & Anthony Everett (eds.), Fictional Objects. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
     
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  39.  20
    Robert Nola (25 June 1940 – 23 October 2022).Frederick Kroon - 2024 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 102 (1):251-252.
    Robert Nola was born in Auckland, his father a Croatian fisherman who emigrated to New Zealand. Robert was the first in his New Zealand family to go to University, and after completing an undergrad...
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  40.  51
    Against ontological reduction.Frederick W. Kroon - 1992 - Erkenntnis 36 (1):53 - 81.
  41. Beyond Belief? A Critical Study of Graham Priest's Beyond the Limits of Thought'.Frederick Kroon - 2001 - Theoria 67 (2):140-53.
     
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  42.  46
    Parts and Pretense.Frederick W. Kroon - 2001 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 63 (3):543-560.
    This paper begins with a puzzle about certain temporal expressions: phrases like ‘Jones as he was ten years ago’ and ‘the Jones of ten years ago’. There are reasons to take these as substantival, to be interpreted as terms for temporal parts. But it seems that the same reifying strategy would also force us to countenance a host of less attractive posits, among them fictional counterparts of real things (to correspond to such phrases as ‘Garrison as he was in the (...)
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  43. Theory-dependence, warranted reference, and the epistemic dimensions of realism.Frederick Kroon - 2011 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 1 (2):173-191.
    The question of the role of theory in the determination of reference of theoretical terms continues to be a controversial one. In the present paper I assess a number of responses to this question (including variations on David Lewis’s appeal to Ramsification), before describing an alternative, epistemically oriented account of the reference-determination of such terms. The paper concludes by discussing some implications of the account for our understanding of both realism and such competitors of realism as constructive empiricism.
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  44.  94
    Vulnerabilities of Morality.Scott Woodcock, Frederick Kroon, Thomas Bittner & Peter Pagin - 2008 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 38 (1):pp. 141-159.
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  45.  33
    A Motivated Realism.Frederick William Kroon - 1994 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 32 (2):197-207.
  46.  18
    Fear and Integrity.Frederick Kroon - 2008 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 38 (1):31-49.
    I'll begin this paper with an autobiographical example — an instance of a common enough kind of case involving agents who are faced with making a choice they strongly care about, but who have tendencies that incline them towards choosing an option they prefer not to choose. Later in the paper, I apply some of the general lessons learned from this case to a philosophically more familiar example of a hard-to-make choice, and to the well-known problem the example generates for (...)
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  47.  40
    God's Blindspot.Frederick Kroon - 1996 - Dialogue 35 (4):721-734.
    God, by definition, is all-powerful, all-good, all-wise, and all-knowing. Therein lies a problem for the theist, of course, for every one of these attributes has been the subject of fierce debate. In this paper I want to return to the debate by introducing a new problem for the idea that anyone could have the kind of perfect knowledge God is supposed to have. What distinguishes my problem from others is that the sort of knowledge it focuses on is self-knowledge, hence (...)
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  48. Intending and Imagining.Frederick Kroon - 2006 - In Henrik Lagerlund, Sten Lindström & Rysiek Sliwinski (eds.), Modality Matters: Twenty-Five Essays in Honour of Krister Segerberg. Uppsala Philosophical Studies 53. pp. 53--247.
     
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  49.  89
    Imaginative motivation.Frederick Kroon - 2009 - Utilitas 21 (2):181-196.
    This article argues for a certain picture of the rational formation of conditional intentions, in particular deterrent intentions, that stands in sharp contrast to accounts on which rational agents are often not able to form such intentions because of what these enjoin should their conditions be realized. By considering the case of worthwhile but hard-to-form deterrent intentions (the threat to leave a cheating partner, say), the article argues that rational agents may be able to form such intentions by first simulating (...)
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  50.  33
    Kant and Kripke on the Identifiability of Modal and Epistemic Notions.Frederick W. Kroon - 1981 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 19 (1):49-60.
    It is sometimes claimed that kripke's work in "naming and necessity" has demonstrated that kant was "right" in his acceptance of the synthetic "a priori", Even though perhaps "wrong" in his choice of examples. This article disputes such a claim by showing that, In accepting the identification of the empirically necessary and the "a priori", Kant's position is incompatible with an acceptance of the kripkean synthetic "a priori" (as well as the kripkean necessary "a posteriori").
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