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Christopher Meyers [39]Chris Meyers [12]Christopher D. Meyers [1]Chris D. Meyers [1]
Chris David Meyers [1]
  1.  53
    Deception and the Clinical Ethicist.Christopher Meyers - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (5):4-12.
    Lying to one’s patients is wrong. So obvious as to border on a platitude, this truism is one that bioethicists have heartily endorsed for several decades. Deception, the standard line holds, underc...
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  2. Wrongful beneficence: Exploitation and third world sweatshops.Chris Meyers - 2004 - Journal of Social Philosophy 35 (3):319–333.
  3.  19
    Activism and the Clinical Ethicist.Christopher Meyers - 2021 - Hastings Center Report 51 (4):22-31.
    Although clinical ethics scholarship and practice has largely avoided assuming an activist stance, the many health care crises of the last eighteen months motivated a distinct change: On listserves, in blog postings, and in published essays, activist language has permeated conversations over such issues as the impact of triage policies on persons with disabilities and of color, and how the health care system has historically failed African Americans. In this paper, I defend this turn, arguing that clinical ethicists should embrace (...)
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  4.  61
    Conscientious objection? Yes, but make sure it is genuine.Christopher Meyers & Robert D. Woods - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (6):19 – 20.
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  5.  42
    Wrongful Beneficence: Exploitation and Third World Sweatshops.Chris Meyers - 2004 - Journal of Social Philosophy 35 (3):319-333.
  6.  62
    Clinical ethics consulting and conflict of interest: Structurally intertwined.Christopher Meyers - 2007 - Hastings Center Report 37 (2):32-40.
    Clinical ethical consultants are subject to an unavoidable conflict of interest. Their work requires that they be independent, but incentives attached to their role chip relentlessly at independence. This that they be independent, is a problem without any solution, but it can at least be ameliorated through careful management.
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  7.  6
    A Practical Guide to Clinical Ethics Consulting: Expertise, Ethos, and Power.Christopher Meyers - 2007 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    The philosophical method is critical to ethics consulting. To be truly effective, ethicists need grounding in ethics theory, abstract reasoning and conceptual analysis. A Practical Guide to Clinical Ethics Consulting allows ethicists to understand problems from practitioners' points-of-view, and allows for a genuine appreciation of the working life of practitioners.
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  8. More than a feeling: counterintuitive effects of compassion on moral judgment.Anthony I. Jack, Philip Robbins, Jared Friedman & Chris Meyers - 2014 - In Justin Sytsma (ed.), Advances in Experimental Philosophy of Mind. New York: Bloomsbury. pp. 125-179.
    Seminal work in moral neuroscience by Joshua Greene and colleagues employed variants of the well-known trolley problems to identify two brain networks which compete with each other to determine moral judgments. Greene interprets the tension between these brain networks using a dual process account which pits deliberative reason against automatic emotion-driven intuitions: reason versus passion. Recent neuroscientific evidence suggests, however, that the critical tension that Greene identifies as playing a role in moral judgment is not so much a tension between (...)
     
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  9.  76
    Partisan News, the Myth of Objectivity, and the Standards of Responsible Journalism.Christopher Meyers - 2020 - Journal of Media Ethics 35 (3):180-194.
    Objective reporting was once among the foundational norms of U.S. journalism. The emergence of alternative and economically successful partisan models exemplified by Fox News, talk radio, and a ran...
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  10.  52
    Ethics Across the Curriculum—Pedagogical Perspectives.Elaine E. Englehardt, Michael S. Pritchard, Robert Baker, Michael D. Burroughs, José A. Cruz-Cruz, Randall Curren, Michael Davis, Aine Donovan, Deni Elliott, Karin D. Ellison, Challie Facemire, William J. Frey, Joseph R. Herkert, Karlana June, Robert F. Ladenson, Christopher Meyers, Glen Miller, Deborah S. Mower, Lisa H. Newton, David T. Ozar, Alan A. Preti, Wade L. Robison, Brian Schrag, Alan Tomhave, Phyllis Vandenberg, Mark Vopat, Sandy Woodson, Daniel E. Wueste & Qin Zhu - 2018 - Cham: Springer Verlag.
    Late in 1990, the Center for the Study of Ethics in the Professions at Illinois Institute of Technology (lIT) received a grant of more than $200,000 from the National Science Foundation to try a campus-wide approach to integrating professional ethics into its technical curriculum.! Enough has now been accomplished to draw some tentative conclusions. I am the grant's principal investigator. In this paper, I shall describe what we at lIT did, what we learned, and what others, especially philosophers, can learn (...)
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  11.  88
    Reappreciating W. D. Ross: Naturalizing Prima Facie Duties and a Proposed Method.Christopher Meyers - 2011 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 26 (4):316-331.
    The goal of this article is to try to resolve two key problems in the duty-based approach of W. D. Ross: the source of principles and a process for moving from prima facie to actual duty. I use a naturalistic explanation for the former and a nine-step method for making concrete ethical decisions as they could be applied to journalism. Consistent with Ross's position, the process is complicated, particularly in tougher problems, and it cannot guarantee correct choices. Again consistent with (...)
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  12.  63
    Institutional culture and individual behavior: Creating an ethical environment.Christopher Meyers - 2004 - Science and Engineering Ethics 10 (2):269-276.
    Much of the work in professional ethics sees ethical problems as resulting from ethical ignorance, ethical failure or evil intent. While this approach gets at real and valid concerns, it does not capture the whole story because it does not take into account the underlying professional or institutional culture in which moral decision making is imbedded. My argument in this paper is that this culture plays a powerful and sometimes determinant role in establishing the nature of the ethical debate; i.e., (...)
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  13.  27
    Professionalism, Not Professionals.Christopher Meyers, Wendy N. Wyatt, Sandra L. Borden & Edward Wasserman - 2012 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 27 (3):189-205.
    The proliferation of news and information sources has motivated a need to identify those providing legitimate journalism. One temptation is to go the route of such fields as medicine and law, namely to formally professionalize. This gives a clear method for determining who is a member, with an array of associated responsibilities and rewards. We argue that making such a formal move in journalism is a mistake: Journalism does not meet the traditional criteria, and its core ethos is in conflict (...)
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  14.  36
    Universals Without Absolutes: A Theory of Media Ethics.Christopher Meyers - 2016 - Journal of Media Ethics 31 (4):198-214.
    The global turn in media ethics has presented a tough challenge for traditional models of moral theory: How do we assert common moral standards while also showing respect for the values of those from outside the Western tradition? The danger lies in advocating for either extreme: reason-dependent absolutism or cultural relativism. In this paper, I reject Cliff Christian’s attempts to solve the problem and propose instead a moral theory of universal standards that are discovered via a mix of rationally grounded (...)
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  15. Expressivism, constructivism, and the supervenience of moral properties.Chris Meyers - 2012 - Philosophical Explorations 15 (1):17-31.
    One of the most familiar arguments for expressivist metaethics is the claim that the rival theory, moral realism, cannot provide a satisfying explanation of why moral properties supervene on natural properties. Non-cognitivism, however, has its own problems explaining supervenience. Expressivists try to establish supervenience either by second-order disapproval of type-inconsistent moral evaluations or by pragmatic considerations. But disapproval of inconsistency is merely a contingent attitude that people happen to have; and pragmatic justification does not allow for appraisers to take their (...)
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  16.  73
    Justifying journalistic Harms: Right to know vs. interest in knowing.Christopher Meyers - 1993 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 8 (3):133 – 146.
    Journalists are regularly criticized for causing harm to others, such as invading privacy, printing, or airing offensive material, and so forth. Although most sensitive journalists readily acknowledge these harms, they frequently argue that the pursuit and coverage of news is nonetheless justified because it fulfills a greater moral purpose - satisfaction of the public's right to know. This article argues that although "the public s right to know" does justify some harmful journalistic behavior, too often the phrase is used without (...)
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  17.  52
    Appreciating W. D. Ross:On Duties and Consequences.Christopher Meyers - 2003 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 18 (2):81-97.
    In this article I describe the theoretical underpinnings of 20th-century British philosopher W. D. Ross's approach to linking deontological and teleological decision making. I attempt to fill in what Ross left on the whole unanswered, that is, how to use his duties to resolve dilemmas. A case study in journalism demonstrates how to apply the theory. I conclude with an analysis of what I take to be the strengths and weaknesses in Ross's theory.
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  18.  17
    Guidance for Medical Ethicists to Enhance Social Cooperation to Mitigate the Pandemic.Kevin Powell & Christopher Meyers - 2021 - HEC Forum 33 (1):73-90.
    The Covid-19 pandemic has presented major challenges to society, exposing preexisting ethical weaknesses in the modern social fabric’s ability to respond. Distrust in government and a lessened authority of science to determine facts have both been exacerbated by the polarization and disinformation enhanced by social media. These have impaired society’s willingness to comply with and persevere with social distancing, which has been the most powerful initial response to mitigate the pandemic. These preexisting weaknesses also threaten the future acceptance of vaccination (...)
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  19. Journalism ethics: a philosophical approach.Christopher Meyers (ed.) - 2010 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    Since the introduction of radio and television news, journalism has gone through multiple transformations, but each time it has been sustained by a commitment to basic values and best practices. Journalism Ethics is a reminder, a defense and an elucidation of core journalistic values, with particular emphasis on the interplay of theory, conceptual analysis and practice. The book begins with a sophisticated model for ethical decision-making, one that connects classical theories with the central purposes of journalism. Top scholars from philosophy, (...)
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  20.  48
    A Defense of the Philosopher-Ethicist as Moral Expert.Christopher Meyers - 2003 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 14 (4):259-269.
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  21.  18
    Creating an Effective Newspaper Ombudsman Position.Christopher Meyers - 2000 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 15 (4):248-256.
    In this article I argue, first, that genuinely effective ombudsmen could help restore news credibility-thereby staving off other, more intrusive external intervention-and that the position must have true sanctioning authority, much like that of the ethics officer in many corporations. I also argue that the effective ombudsman will be one who sufficiently understands the workings of journalism but who is not immersed in its ethos. This distancing is necessary for genuine critical appraisal to be possible.
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  22.  10
    Realism, Correspondence, and Expertise.Christopher Meyers - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (11):76-77.
    Volume 19, Issue 11, November 2019, Page 76-77.
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  23. Racial bias, the death penalty and desert.Christopher Meyers - 1990 - Philosophical Forum 22 (2):139-148.
  24.  17
    Protecting Moral Integrity Through Justified Exemption.Christopher Meyers - 2019 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 62 (3):527-542.
    To be a professional is to accept the obligation to sometimes participate in activities and to engage with people that one might otherwise choose to avoid. Lawyers, for example, must advocate on behalf of despicable clients, professors must teach and fairly evaluate lazy and insolent students, and physicians must minister to persons whose beliefs—and actions—run afoul of their core values. For example, at least three of the professionals who treated Robert Bower—the person who murdered 14 people in a Pittsburgh synagogue—were (...)
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  25.  35
    Power, Ethics, and Journalism: Toward an Integrative Approach.Peggy Bowers, Christopher Meyers & Anantha Babbili - 2004 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 19 (3-4):223-246.
    Although we think 1 of the basic purposes of journalism is to provide information vital to enhancing citizen autonomy, we also see this goal as being in direct tension with the power news media hold and wield, power that may serve to undercut, rather than enhance, citizen autonomy. We argue that the news media are ethically constrained by proceduralism, resulting in journalists asserting power inappropriately at the individual level, and unwittingly surrendering moral authority institutionally and globally. Anonymity, institutionalization, and routinization (...)
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  26. Introduction.Christopher Meyers - 2010 - In Journalism ethics: a philosophical approach. New York: Oxford University Press.
     
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  27.  56
    Cruel choices: Autonomy and critical care decision-making.Christopher Meyers - 2004 - Bioethics 18 (2):104–119.
    Although autonomy is clearly still the paradigm in bioethics, there is increasing concern over its value and feasibility. In agreeing with those concerns, I argue that autonomy is not just a status, but a skill, one that must be developed and maintained. I also argue that nearly all healthcare interactions do anything but promote such decisional skills, since they rely upon assent, rather than upon genuinely autonomous consent. Thus, throughout most of their medical lives, patients are socialised to be heteronomous, (...)
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  28.  35
    The Corporation, Its Members, and Moral Accountability.Christopher Meyers - 1983 - Business and Professional Ethics Journal 3 (1):33-44.
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  29.  12
    Justifying Clinical Deception: Some Amendments to Brummett and Salter.Christopher Meyers - 2023 - Hastings Center Report 53 (1):26-27.
    In Abram Brummett and Erica K. Salter's excellent paper, “Mapping the Moral Terrain of Clinical Deception,” they rightly note that it is sometimes ethically appropriate for health care professionals to deceive patients and families. However, they also note that because doing so violates a prima facie duty of honesty, the ethical burden of proof falls upon the deceiver. Hence, they also provide a sophisticated framework for determining whether any given case is warranted. I applaud their overall approach but also critique (...)
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  30.  20
    Case Study: A New Liver for a Prisoner.Maurice Bernstein, Christopher Meyers & Laurie Lyckholm - 2002 - Hastings Center Report 32 (4):12.
  31.  32
    Maintaining the violinist: A mother's obligations to the fetus she decides to keep.Christopher Meyers - 1992 - Journal of Social Philosophy 23 (2):52-64.
  32.  14
    Report Cards.Michael Davis, Christopher Meyers, Lisa H. Newton & Elliot D. Cohen - 2004 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 19 (3-4):161-165.
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  33.  37
    Religious Belief and Surrogate Medical Decision Making.Stewart Eskew & Christopher Meyers - 2009 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 20 (2):192-200.
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  34.  16
    A new liver for a prisoner.Christopher Meyers - 2002 - Hastings Center Report 32 (4):12.
  35.  26
    Abortion, the Golden Rule, and the Indeterminacy of Potential Persons.Christopher D. Meyers - 2005 - Journal of Value Inquiry 39 (3-4):459-473.
  36.  19
    Codifying But Not Professionalizing Bioethics.Christopher Meyers - 2005 - American Journal of Bioethics 5 (5):68-69.
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  37.  13
    Communication ethics through 28 lenses.Christopher Meyers - 2010 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 25 (1):87 – 89.
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  38. Freedom, Autonomy, and Responsibility: An Analysis of Autonomy in Applied Settings.Christopher Meyers - 1986 - Dissertation, The University of Tennessee
    While it appears that respect for autonomy has become the fundamental principle in medical ethics, it is not clear what various authors have in mind when they use the term "autonomy." Accounts range from an equation of autonomy with negative freedom to a Kantian emphasis on self-governance. ;My goal here is to characterize that status in persons which we call autonomy and which demands our respect in such applied settings as medicine. What types of behavior must be present for us (...)
     
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  39.  17
    Judgment, Accountability, and ‘Information’.Christopher Meyers - 1995 - Business and Professional Ethics Journal 14 (2):77-92.
  40.  21
    Personhood: Empirical Thing or Rational Concept?Christopher Meyers - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (1):63-65.
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  41.  24
    Public Philosophy and Tenure/Promotion: Rethinking "Teaching, Scholarship and Service".Christopher Meyers - 2014 - Essays in Philosophy 15 (1):58-76.
    One of the responses to the attacks upon the contemporary university, particularly upon the humanities, has been to encourage faculty to engage in so-called ‘public intellectualism.’ In this paper I urge philosophers to embrace this turn, but only if the academy can effectively address how to credit such work in the tenure and promotion process. Currently, public philosophy is typically placed under ‘service’, even though the work is often more intellectually and philosophically rigorous than committee work, even sometimes more than (...)
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  42.  9
    The Ethics of Ethics Centers.Christopher Meyers - 2021 - Teaching Ethics 21 (2):143-148.
    Editor's Note: Among the core activities of many ethics centers has been helping organizations – businesses, healthcare institutions, professional bodies – evaluate and improve their ethical structures and practices. Much of that work has resulted in incisive and valued critiques that guide practitioners through tough ethics thickets. It has also produced reams of published material and considerable consulting income. All of which points to a telling irony: There is almost no such published analysis of how those same ethics centers should (...)
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  43.  15
    The professional ethics toolkit.Christopher Meyers - 2018 - Hoboken, NJ, USA: Wiley.
    The Professional Ethics Toolkit is an engaging and accessible guide to the study of moral issues in professional life through the analysis of ethical dilemmas faced by people working in medicine, law, social work, business, and other industries where conflicting interests and ideas complicate professional practice and decision-making. Written by a seasoned ethicist and professional consultant, the volume uses philosophical ideas, theories, and principles to develop and articulate a definitive methodology for ethical decision-making in professional environments. Meyers offers the benefit (...)
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  44. Wants and desires: A critique of conativist theory of motivation.Chris Meyers - 2005 - Journal of Philosophical Research:357-370.
    In this paper I will argue against the Humean theory of motivation, or “conativism” which claims that all actions are ultimately generated by desires. Conativism is supported by (1) a behavioral analysis of desire as a disposition to act in certain ways, and (2) the difference between belief and desire in terms of their different “direction of fi t” with the world. I will show that this behavioral account of desire cannot provide an adequate explanation of action. Mere disposition to (...)
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  45.  30
    A Non-Realist Theory of Objective Moral Truth.Chris Meyers - 2005 - Southwest Philosophy Review 21 (1):69-75.
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  46. Abortion, the golden rule, and the indeterminacy of potential persons.Chris D. Meyers - 2005 - Journal of Value Inquiry 39 (3-4):541.
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  47.  29
    Drug Legalization: A Philosophical Analysis.Chris Meyers - 2023 - Springer Verlag.
    This textbook introduces students to the various arguments for and against the prohibition of recreational drugs. The arguments are carefully presented and analyzed, inviting students to consider the competing principles of liberty rights, paternalism, theories of punishment, legal moralism, and the social consequences of drug use and drug laws. Meyers extends this examination by presenting alternatives to the prohibition/legalization dichotomy, including harm reduction, decriminalization, and user licensing or on-premise use. The presentation invites readers to think clearly about the reasons and (...)
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  48.  17
    Ethicists’ Deception: Theory, Role, Concepts, and Applications.Christopher Meyers - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (5):W1-W4.
    I am grateful to colleagues for their comments on my target article ; they are almost uniformly insightful, telling, and helpful. In this brief response, I extend the discussion on, in order...
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  49.  27
    The fetal position: a rational approach to the abortion debate.Chris Meyers - 2010 - Amherst, N.Y.: Prometheus Books.
    Philosophy to the rescue -- What is the soul? -- Life begins at conception. So what? -- Abnormal human development -- Responsibility -- The potentiality argument -- The golden rule argument against abortion -- Rights of the pregnant woman -- Consequences -- Virtue ethics and conclusion.
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  50.  17
    The Moral Defense of Homosexuality: Why Every Argument Against Gay Rights Fails.Chris Meyers - 2015 - London ;: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    In this book, Chris Meyers takes the reader on a careful, rational, sustained criticism of arguments about the immorality of homosexuality. Meyers refutes anti-gay arguments by showing that they are based on unreasonable or demonstrably false ideas about the nature of morality.
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