Results for 'moral standing'

1000+ found
Order:
  1. A Unified Account of the Moral Standing to Blame.Patrick Todd - 2019 - Noûs 53:347-374.
    Recently, philosophers have turned their attention to the question, not when a given agent is blameworthy for what she does, but when a further agent has the moral standing to blame her for what she does. Philosophers have proposed at least four conditions on having “moral standing”: -/- 1. One’s blame would not be “hypocritical”. 2. One is not oneself “involved in” the target agent’s wrongdoing. 3. One must be warranted in believing that the target is (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   33 citations  
  2.  81
    The Moral Standing of Machines: Towards a Relational and Non-Cartesian Moral Hermeneutics.Mark Coeckelbergh - 2014 - Philosophy and Technology 27 (1):61-77.
    Should we give moral standing to machines? In this paper, I explore the implications of a relational approach to moral standing for thinking about machines, in particular autonomous, intelligent robots. I show how my version of this approach, which focuses on moral relations and on the conditions of possibility of moral status ascription, provides a way to take critical distance from what I call the “standard” approach to thinking about moral status and (...) standing, which is based on properties. It does not only overcome epistemological problems with the standard approach, but can also explain how we think about, experience, and act towards machines—including the gap that sometimes occurs between reasoning and experience. I also articulate the non-Cartesian orientation of my “relational” research program and specify the way it contributes to a different paradigm in thinking about moral standing and moral knowledge. (shrink)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   26 citations  
  3. The Moral Standing of States Revisited.Charles R. Beitz - 2009 - Ethics and International Affairs 23 (4):325-347.
    "The Moral Standing of States" is the title of an essay Michael Walzer wrote in response to four critics of the theory of nonintervention defended in "Just and Unjust Wars." It states a theme to which he has returned in subsequent work. Beitz offers four sets of comments.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   14 citations  
  4. The Moral Standing of the Market.Amartya Sen - 1985 - Social Philosophy and Policy 2 (2):1.
    How valuable is the market mechanism for practical morality? What is its moral standing? We can scarcely doubt that as individuals we do value tremendously the opportunity of using markets. Indeed, without access to markets most of us would perish, since we don't typically produce the things that we need to survive. If we could somehow survive without using markets at all, our quality of life would be rather abysmal. It is natural to feel that an institution that (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   34 citations  
  5. Blame, Moral Standing and the Legitimacy of the Criminal Trial.R. A. Duff - 2010 - Ratio 23 (2):123-140.
    I begin by discussing the ways in which a would-be blamer's own prior conduct towards the person he seeks to blame can undermine his standing to blame her. This provides the basis for an examination of a particular kind of 'bar to trial' in the criminal law – of ways in which a state or a polity's right to put a defendant on trial can be undermined by the prior misconduct of the state or its officials. The examination of (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   41 citations  
  6. The Moral Standing of States: A Response to Four Critics.Michael Walzer - 1980 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 9 (3):209-229.
  7. The Moral Standing of Natural Objects.Andrew Brennan - 1984 - Environmental Ethics 6 (1):35-56.
    Human beings are, as far as we know, the only animals to have moral concerns and to adopt moralities, but it would be a mistake to be misled by this fact into thinking that humans are also the only proper objects of moral consideration. I argue that we ought to allow even nonliving things a significant moral status, thus denying the condusion of much contemporary moral thinking. First, I consider the possibilityof giving moral consideration to (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   25 citations  
  8. The Moral Standing of Modus Vivendi Arrangements.Fabian Wendt - 2016 - Public Affairs Quarterly 30 (4):351-370.
    While John Rawls made the notion of a “modus vivendi” prominent in political philosophy, he treats modus vivendi arrangements rather short and dismissively. On the other hand, some political theorists like John Gray praise modus vivendi as the only available and legitimate goal of politics. In the article I sketch the outlines of a different, more nuanced approach to modus vivendi arrangements. I argue that the moral standing of modus vivendi arrangements varies, and I try to spell out (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  9.  51
    The Moral Standing of Natural Objects.Andrew Brennan - 1984 - Environmental Ethics 6 (1):35-56.
    Human beings are, as far as we know, the only animals to have moral concerns and to adopt moralities, but it would be a mistake to be misled by this fact into thinking that humans are also the only proper objects of moral consideration. I argue that we ought to allow even nonliving things a significant moral status, thus denying the condusion of much contemporary moral thinking. First, I consider the possibilityof giving moral consideration to (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   14 citations  
  10. Does God Have the Moral Standing to Blame?Patrick Todd - 2018 - Faith and Philosophy 35 (1):33-55.
    In this paper, I introduce a problem to the philosophy of religion – the problem of divine moral standing – and explain how this problem is distinct from (albeit related to) the more familiar problem of evil (with which it is often conflated). In short, the problem is this: in virtue of how God would be (or, on some given conception, is) “involved in” our actions, how is it that God has the moral standing to blame (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  11. Caring and Full Moral Standing.Agnieszka Jaworska - 2007 - Ethics 117 (3):460-497.
    A being has moral standing if it or its interests matter intrinsically, to at least some degree, in the moral assessment of actions and events. For instance, animals can be said to have moral standing if, other things being equal, it is morally bad to intentionally cause their suffering. This essay focuses on a special kind of moral standing, what I will call “full moral standing” (FMS), associated with persons. In contrast (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   44 citations  
  12. Moral Standing, the Value of Lives, and Speciesism.Raymond G. Frey - 1988 - Between the Species 4 (3):10.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   13 citations  
  13.  1
    The Moral Standing of Social Robots: Untapped Insights from Africa.Nancy S. Jecker, Caesar A. Atiure & Martin Odei Ajei - 2022 - Philosophy and Technology 35 (2):1-22.
    This paper presents an African relational view of social robots’ moral standing which draws on the philosophy of ubuntu. The introduction places the question of moral standing in historical and cultural contexts. Section 2 demonstrates an ubuntu framework by applying it to the fictional case of a social robot named Klara, taken from Ishiguro’s novel, Klara and the Sun. We argue that an ubuntu ethic assigns moral standing to Klara, based on her relational qualities (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  14.  97
    Hypocrisy, Inconsistency, and the Moral Standing of the State.Kyle G. Fritz - 2019 - Criminal Law and Philosophy 13 (2):309-327.
    Several writers have argued that the state lacks the moral standing to hold socially deprived offenders responsible for their crimes because the state would be hypocritical in doing so. Yet the state is not disposed to make an unfair exception of itself for committing the same sorts of crimes as socially deprived offenders, so it is unclear that the state is truly hypocritical. Nevertheless, the state is disposed to inconsistently hold its citizens responsible, blaming or punishing socially deprived (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  15. Biocentrism, Moral Standing and Moral Significance.Robin Attfield - 1987 - Philosophica 39.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  16. The Two Sources of Moral Standing.Justin Sytsma & Edouard Machery - 2012 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 3 (3):303-324.
    There are two primary traditions in philosophical theorizing about moral standing—one emphasizing Experience (the capacity to feel pain and pleasure) and one emphasizing Agency (complexity of cognition and lifestyle). In this article we offer an explanation for this divide: Lay judgments about moral standing depend importantly on two independent cues (Experience and Agency), and the two philosophical traditions reflect this aspect of folk moral cognition. In support of this two-source hypothesis, we present the results of (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   22 citations  
  17.  24
    Animals and Their Moral Standing.Stephen R. L. Clark - 1997 - Routledge.
    Twenty years ago, people thought only cranks or sentimentalists could be seriously concerned about the treatment of non-human animals. However, since then philosophers, scientists and welfarists have raised public awareness of the issue; and they have begun to lay the foundations for an enormous change in human practice. This book is a record of the development of 'animal rights' through the eyes of one highly-respected and well-known thinker. This book brings together for the first time Stephen R.L. Clark's major essays (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  18.  70
    Manipulators and Moral Standing.Benjamin Matheson - 2019 - Philosophia 47 (4):1197-1214.
    Manipulation arguments aim to show that compatibilism is false. Usually, they aim to undermine compatibilism by first eliciting the intuition that a manipulated agent is not morally responsible. Patrick Todd's (2012) Moral Standing Manipulation Argument instead aims to first elicit the intuition that a manipulator cannot blame her victim. Todd then argues that the best explanation for why a manipulator cannot blame her victim is that incompatibilism is true. In this paper, I present three lines of defence against (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  19. Manipulation and Moral Standing: An Argument for Incompatibilism.Patrick Todd - 2012 - Philosophers' Imprint 12.
    A prominent recent strategy for advancing the thesis that moral responsibility is incompatible with causal determinism has been to argue that agents who meet compatibilist conditions for responsibility could nevertheless be subject to certain sorts of deterministic manipulation, so that an agent could meet the compatibilist’s conditions for responsibility, but also be living a life the precise details of which someone else determined that she should live. According to the incompatibilist, however, once we became aware that agents had been (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   15 citations  
  20.  33
    Blame, Moral Standing and the Legitimacy of the Criminal Trial.Antony Duff - 2010 - Ratio 23 (2):123-140.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  21.  4
    Moral Standing of Animals and Some Problems in Veterinarian Ethics.Stefan Sencerz - 2020 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 33 (1):37-48.
    This paper discusses the Indirect Duties View implying that, when our actions have no negative effects on humans, we can treat animals any way we wish. I offer several criticisms of this view. Subsequently, I explore some implications of rejecting this view that rise in the contexts of animal research and veterinarian ethics.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  22.  1
    The Moral Standing of States: A Response to Four Critics.Michael Walzer - 1985 - In Lawrence A. Alexander (ed.), International Ethics: A Philosophy and Public Affairs Reader. Princeton University Press. pp. 217-238.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  23.  72
    Who Can Blame Whom? Moral Standing to Blame and Punish Deprived Citizens.Gustavo A. Beade - 2019 - Criminal Law and Philosophy 13 (2):271-281.
    There are communities in which disadvantaged groups experience severe inequality. For instance, poor and indigent families face many difficulties accessing their social rights. Their condition is largely the consequence of the wrong choices of those in power, either historical or more recent choices. The lack of opportunities of these deprived citizens is due to state omissions. In such communities, it is not unusual for homeless members of these particular groups to occupy abandoned lands and build their shelters there. However, almost (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  24. Intrinsic Value, Moral Standing, and Species.Rick O’Neil - 1997 - Environmental Ethics 19 (1):45-52.
    Environmental philosophers often conflate the concepts of intrinsic value and moral standing. As a result, individualists needlessly deny intrinsic value to species, while holists falsely attribute moral standing to species. Conceived either as classes or as historical individuals, at least some species possess intrinsic value. Nevertheless, even if a species has interests or a good of its own, it cannot have moral standing because species lack sentience. Although there is a basis for duties toward (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   14 citations  
  25.  28
    Experimental Approaches to Moral Standing.Geoffrey P. Goodwin - 2015 - Philosophy Compass 10 (12):914-926.
    Moral patients deserve moral consideration and concern – they have moral standing. What factors drive attributions of moral standing? Understanding these factors is important because it indicates how broadly individuals conceptualize the moral world, and suggests how they will treat various entities, both human and non-human. This understanding has recently been advanced by a series of studies conducted by both psychologists and philosophers, which have revealed three main drivers of moral standing: (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  26. Contractarianism and Secondary Direct Moral Standing for Marginal Humans and Animals.Julia Tanner - 2013 - Res Publica 19 (2):1-16.
    It is commonly thought that neo-Hobbesian contractarianism cannot yield direct moral standing for marginal humans and animals. However, it has been argued that marginal humans and animals can have a form of direct moral standing under neo-Hobbesian contractarianism: secondary moral standing. I will argue that, even if such standing is direct, this account is unsatisfactory because it is counterintuitive and fragile.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  27.  98
    Facing Animals: A Relational, Other-Oriented Approach to Moral Standing.Mark Coeckelbergh & David J. Gunkel - 2014 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 27 (5):715-733.
    In this essay we reflect critically on how animal ethics, and in particular thinking about moral standing, is currently configured. Starting from the work of two influential “analytic” thinkers in this field, Peter Singer and Tom Regan, we examine some basic assumptions shared by these positions and demonstrate their conceptual failings—ones that have, despite efforts to the contrary, the general effect of marginalizing and excluding others. Inspired by the so-called “continental” philosophical tradition , we then argue that what (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   17 citations  
  28.  3
    Do Groups Have Moral Standing in Unregulated mHealth Research?Joon-Ho Yu & Eric Juengst - 2020 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 48 (S1):122-128.
    Biomedical research using data from participants’ mobile devices borrows heavily from the ethos of the “citizen science” movement, by delegating data collection and transmission to its volunteer subjects. This engagement gives volunteers the opportunity to feel like partners in the research and retain a reassuring sense of control over their participation. These virtues, in turn, give both grass-roots citizen science initiatives and institutionally sponsored mHealth studies appealing features to flag in recruiting participants from the public. But while grass-roots citizen science (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  29.  12
    Moral Standing, Saving the Planet and Meaningful Life.Robin Attfield - unknown
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  30. Punishment and Loss of Moral Standing.Christopher W. Morris - 1991 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 21 (1):53 - 79.
    When any man, even in political society, renders himself by his crimes obnoxious to the public, he is punished by the laws in his goods and person; that is, the ordinary rules of justice are, with regard to him, suspended for a moment, and it becomes equitable to inflict on him, for the benefit of society, what otherwise he could not suffer without wrong or injury?
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   19 citations  
  31.  55
    Resisting Todd’s Moral-Standing Zygote Argument.Michael McKenna - 2018 - Philosophical Quarterly 68 (273):657-678.
    Patrick Todd has recently fashioned a novel argument for incompatibilism, the Moral-Standing Zygote Argument. Todd considers much-discussed cases in which a manipulator causes an agent in a deterministic scenario to act morally wrongly from compatibilist-friendly conditions for freedom and moral responsibility. The manipulator, Todd contends, does not have the standing to blame the manipulated agent, and the best explanation for this is that incompatibilism is true. This is why the manipulated agent is not blameworthy. In this (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  32. Moral Standing, Value, and Environmental Ethics.Wa Landman - 1995 - South African Journal of Philosophy 14 (1):9-18.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  33.  53
    The Moral Standing of Animals in Medical Research.Tom L. Beauchamp - 1992 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 20 (1-2):7-16.
  34.  6
    The Moral Standing of Animals and Plants in the Manusmṛti.Christopher G. Framarin - 2014 - Philosophy East and West 64 (1):192-217.
  35. Torture. How Denying Moral Standing Violates Human Dignity.Andreas Maier - forthcoming - In Webster Elaine & Kaufmann Paulus (eds.), Violations of Human Dignity. Springer.
    In this article I try to elucidate the concept of human dignity by taking a closer look at the features of a paradigmatic torture situation. After identifying the salient aspects of torture, I discuss various accounts for the moral wrongness of such acts and argue that what makes torture a violation of human dignity is the perverted moral relationship between torturer and victim. This idea is subsequently being substantiated and defended against important objections. In the final part of (...)
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  36.  19
    Contractarianism and Moral Standing Inegalitarianism.Andrew I. Cohen - 2016 - Dialogue 55 (4):639-658.
    Contractarianism is more inclusive than critics (and, indeed, Gauthier) sometimes suggest. Contractarianism can justify equal moral standing for human persons (in some respects) and provide sufficient moral standing for many nonhuman animals to require what we commonly call decent treatment. Moreover, contractarianism may allow that some entities have more moral standing than others do. This does not necessarily license the oppression that liberal egalitarians rightly fear. Instead, it shows that contractarianism may support a nuanced (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  37.  94
    Dependent Relationships and the Moral Standing of Nonhuman Animals.Andrew I. Cohen - 2008 - Ethics and the Environment 13 (2):pp. 1-21.
    This essay explores whether dependent relationships might justify extending direct moral consideration to nonhuman animals. After setting out a formal conception of moral standing as relational, scalar, and unilateral, I consider whether and how an appeal to dependencies might be the basis for an animal’s moral standing. If dependencies generate reasons for extending direct moral consideration, such reasons will admit of significant variations in scope and stringency.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  38.  39
    Why Care About Robots? Empathy, Moral Standing, and the Language of Suffering.Mark Coeckelbergh - 2018 - Kairos 20 (1):141-158.
    This paper tries to understand the phenomenon that humans are able to empathize with robots and the intuition that there might be something wrong with “abusing” robots by discussing the question regarding the moral standing of robots. After a review of some relevant work in empirical psychology and a discussion of the ethics of empathizing with robots, a philosophical argument concerning the moral standing of robots is made that questions distant and uncritical moral reasoning about (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  39.  51
    Who or What Has Moral Standing?Martin Schönfeld - 1992 - American Philosophical Quarterly 29 (4):353 - 362.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  40.  5
    African Conceptions of Age‐Based Moral Standing: Anchoring Values to Regional Realities.Nancy S. Jecker - 2020 - Hastings Center Report 50 (2):35-43.
  41. Caring and Full Moral Standing Redux.Agnieszka Jaworska - 2010 - In Eva Feder Kittay & Licia Carlson (eds.), Cognitive Disability and its Challenge to Moral Philosophy. Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 369--392.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  42.  3
    Interests, Utilitarianism and Moral Standing.Dan Egonsson - 1990
  43. 3. Inherent Value and Moral Standing in Environmental Change.Wendy Donner - 2018 - In . Cornell University Press. pp. 52-74.
    3. Inherent Value and Moral Standing in Environmental Change was published in Earthly Goods on page 52.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  44. Justice, Reasons, and Moral Standing.”.Christopher Morris - 1998 - In Jules L. Coleman, Christopher W. Morris & Gregory S. Kavka (eds.), Rational Commitment and Social Justice: Essays for Gregory Kavka. Cambridge University Press. pp. 186--207.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  45.  15
    Should We Treat Teddy Bear 2.0 as a Kantian Dog? Four Arguments for the Indirect Moral Standing of Personal Social Robots, with Implications for Thinking About Animals and Humans. [REVIEW]Mark Coeckelbergh - 2021 - Minds and Machines 31 (3):337-360.
    The use of autonomous and intelligent personal social robots raises questions concerning their moral standing. Moving away from the discussion about direct moral standing and exploring the normative implications of a relational approach to moral standing, this paper offers four arguments that justify giving indirect moral standing to robots under specific conditions based on some of the ways humans—as social, feeling, playing, and doubting beings—relate to them. The analogy of “the Kantian dog” (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  46.  4
    Do Possible People Have Moral Standing?Jesper Ryberg - 1995 - Danish Yearbook of Philosophy 30 (1):96-118.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  47.  16
    Value Subjectivism, Individualism, and Moral Standing.Christopher W. Morris - 1986 - Bowling Green Studies in Applied Philosophy 8:16-21.
    L. W. Sumner argues that humanism—the position that all and only humans possess moral standing—is false. I agree. Critically examining an argument purporting to establish the exclusive part of humanism—that only humans possess moral standing—Sumner argues that we should not confuse ultimate and objective value, value and welfare, and “formal” and “substantive” theses about value. Again I have no disagreement.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  48.  16
    Respecting the Nonhuman Other: Individual Natural Otherness and the Case for Incommensurability of Moral Standing.Anna Wienhues - 2021 - Environmental Values.
    The concept of natural otherness can be found throughout the environmental ethics literature. Drawing on this concept, this article pursues two aims. For one, it argues for an account of individual natural otherness as stable difference as opposed to accounts of natural otherness that put more emphasis on independence for the purpose of differentiating individual natural otherness from the concept of wildness. Secondly, this account of natural otherness is engaged to argue for a particular way of theorising the moral (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  49. Animals and Their Moral Standing, by Stephen R. L. Clark. New York: Routledge, 1997. [REVIEW]Jody Graham - 1999 - Reason Papers 24:139-142.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  50.  34
    Cruel Nature: Harmfulness as an Important, Overlooked Dimension in Judgments of Moral Standing.Jared Piazza, Justin F. Landy & Geoffrey P. Goodwin - 2014 - Cognition 131 (1):108-124.
1 — 50 / 1000