Results for 'Jun Kimura'

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  1.  9
    Reinforcement Learning by GA Using Importance Sampling.Chikao Tsuchiya, Hajime Kimura, Jun Sakuma & Shigenobu Kobayashi - 2005 - Transactions of the Japanese Society for Artificial Intelligence 20:1-10.
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  2. A Strategy for Origins of Life Research. [REVIEW]Caleb Scharf, Nathaniel Virgo, H. James Cleaves Ii, Masashi Aono, Nathanael Aubert-Kato, Arsev Aydinoglu, Ana Barahona, Laura M. Barge, Steven A. Benner, Martin Biehl, Ramon Brasser, Christopher J. Butch, Kuhan Chandru, Leroy Cronin, Sebastian Danielache, Jakob Fischer, John Hernlund, Piet Hut, Takashi Ikegami, Jun Kimura, Kensei Kobayashi, Carlos Mariscal, Shawn McGlynn, Bryce Menard, Norman Packard, Robert Pascal, Juli Pereto, Sudha Rajamani, Lana Sinapayen, Eric Smith, Christopher Switzer, Ken Takai, Feng Tian, Yuichiro Ueno, Mary Voytek, Olaf Witkowski & Hikaru Yabuta - 2015 - Astrobiology 15:1031-1042.
    Aworkshop was held August 26–28, 2015, by the Earth- Life Science Institute (ELSI) Origins Network (EON, see Appendix I) at the Tokyo Institute of Technology. This meeting gathered a diverse group of around 40 scholars researching the origins of life (OoL) from various perspectives with the intent to find common ground, identify key questions and investigations for progress, and guide EON by suggesting a roadmap of activities. Specific challenges that the attendees were encouraged to address included the following: What key (...)
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  3. Hidden Concepts in the History of Origins-of-Life Studies.Carlos Mariscal, Ana Barahona, Nathanael Aubert-Kato, Arsev Umur Aydinoglu, Stuart Bartlett, María Luz Cárdenas, Kuhan Chandru, Carol E. Cleland, Benjamin T. Cocanougher, Nathaniel Comfort, Athel Cornish-Boden, Terrence W. Deacon, Tom Froese, Donato Giovanelli, John Hernlund, Piet Hut, Jun Kimura, Marie-Christine Maurel, Nancy Merino, Alvaro Julian Moreno Bergareche, Mayuko Nakagawa, Juli Pereto, Nathaniel Virgo, Olaf Witkowski & H. James Cleaves Ii - 2019 - Origins of Life and Evolution of Biospheres 1.
    In this review, we describe some of the central philosophical issues facing origins-of-life research and provide a targeted history of the developments that have led to the multidisciplinary field of origins-of-life studies. We outline these issues and developments to guide researchers and students from all fields. With respect to philosophy, we provide brief summaries of debates with respect to (1) definitions (or theories) of life, what life is and how research should be conducted in the absence of an accepted theory (...)
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  4. Shi Jun Wen Cun.Jun Shi - 2006 - Hua Xia Chu Ban She.
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  5. Ideorogī to Rojikku: Tosaka Jun Ideorogī-Ron Shūsei.Jun Tosaka - 2007 - Shoshi Shinsui.
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  6. Nihon-Teki Tetsugaku to Iu Ma: Tosaka Jun Kyōto Gakuha Hihan Ronshū.Jun Tosaka - 2007 - Shoshi Shinsui.
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  7. Cogito and I: A Bio-Logical Approach.Bin Kimura - 2001 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 8 (4):331-336.
    The key mutation of the schizophrenic psyche can be described as a disturbance of the first person-ness of the I-sense, i.e., of the sense of the "I" as personal subject of experience and of action. Under these circumstances, representations of things are not definitively experienced as "my" representations—with the self-evidence of belonging to me. This uncertainty of selfhood, specific to schizophrenia, cannot be reduced to a disability of intellect, logic, judgment, or memory. In the course of developing his argument, the (...)
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  8.  1
    Exploring Robotic Minds: Actions, Symbols, and Consciousness as Self-Organizing Dynamic Phenomena.Jun Tani - 2016 - Oxford University Press USA.
    In Exploring Robotic Minds: Actions, Symbols, and Consciousness as Self-Organizing Dynamic Phenomena, Jun Tani sets out to answer an essential and tantalizing question: How do our minds work? By providing an overview of his "synthetic neurorobotics" project, Tani reveals how symbols and concepts that represent the world can emerge in a neurodynamic structure--iterative interactions between the top-down subjective view, which proactively acts on the world, and the bottom-up recognition of the resultant perceptual reality. He argues that nontrivial problems of consciousness (...)
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  9.  30
    Vers Une Psychopathologie En Première Personne.Kimura Bin - 2008 - Laval Théologique et Philosophique 64 (2):377-385.
    Chef de file de la réflexion psychiatrique au Japon, le Professeur Kimura Bin s’oppose dans cet article aux réductionnismes physicalistes en découvrant au coeur de la subjectivité une articulation complexe entre le personnel et l’impersonnel qui simultanément confirme la conception spirituelle zen de la constitution de l’individualité et donne une base à la fondation d’une science psychiatrique véritable. Il démontre que l’orientation donnée par les sciences cognitives et la philosophie analytique conduit à ignorer la différence entre réalité et actualité, (...)
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  10.  93
    A Critical Review of the Statisticalist Debate.Jun Otsuka - 2016 - Biology and Philosophy 31 (4):459-482.
    Over the past decade philosophers of biology have discussed whether evolutionary theory is a causal theory or a phenomenological study of evolution based solely on the statistical features of a population. This article reviews this controversy from three aspects, respectively concerning the assumptions, applications, and explanations of evolutionary theory, with a view to arriving at a definite conclusion in each contention. In so doing I also argue that an implicit methodological assumption shared by both sides of the debate, namely the (...)
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  11. Shōji No Bukkyōgaku: "Ningen No Songen" to Sono Ōyō.Bunki Kimura - 2007 - Hōzōkan.
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  12.  12
    Embeddings Between Well-Orderings: Computability-Theoretic Reductions.Jun Le Goh - 2020 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 171 (6):102789.
    We study the computational content of various theorems with reverse mathematical strength around Arithmetical Transfinite Recursion (ATR_0) from the point of view of computability-theoretic reducibilities, in particular Weihrauch reducibility. Our main result states that it is equally hard to construct an embedding between two given well-orderings, as it is to construct a Turing jump hierarchy on a given well-ordering. This answers a question of Marcone. We obtain a similar result for Fraïssé's conjecture restricted to well-orderings.
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  13.  30
    Causal Foundations of Evolutionary Genetics.Jun Otsuka - 2016 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 67 (1):247-269.
    The causal nature of evolution is one of the central topics in the philosophy of biology. The issue concerns whether equations used in evolutionary genetics point to some causal processes or purely phenomenological patterns. To address this question the present article builds well-defined causal models that underlie standard equations in evolutionary genetics. These models are based on minimal and biologically plausible hypotheses about selection and reproduction, and generate statistics to predict evolutionary changes. The causal reconstruction of the evolutionary principles shows (...)
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  14.  40
    Causal Foundations of Evolutionary Genetics.Jun Otsuka - 2014 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science (1):axu039.
    The causal nature of evolution is one of the central topics in the philosophy of biology. The issue concerns whether equations used in evolutionary genetics point to some causal processes or purely phenomenological patterns. To address this question the present article builds well-defined causal models that underlie standard equations in evolutionary genetics. These models are based on minimal and biologically plausible hypotheses about selection and reproduction, and generate statistics to predict evolutionary changes. The causal reconstruction of the evolutionary principles shows (...)
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  15.  77
    Using Causal Models to Integrate Proximate and Ultimate Causation.Jun Otsuka - 2015 - Biology and Philosophy 30 (1):19-37.
    Ernst Mayr’s classical work on the nature of causation in biology has had a huge influence on biologists as well as philosophers. Although his distinction between proximate and ultimate causation recently came under criticism from those who emphasize the role of development in evolutionary processes, the formal relationship between these two notions remains elusive. Using causal graph theory, this paper offers a unified framework to systematically translate a given “proximate” causal structure into an “ultimate” evolutionary response, and illustrates evolutionary implications (...)
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  16. Why the Causal View of Fitness Survives.Jun Otsuka, Trin Turner, Colin Allen & Elisabeth A. Lloyd - 2011 - Philosophy of Science 78 (2):209-224.
    We critically examine Denis Walsh’s latest attack on the causalist view of fitness. Relying on Judea Pearl’s Sure-Thing Principle and geneticist John Gillespie’s model for fitness, Walsh has argued that the causal interpretation of fitness results in a reductio. We show that his conclusion only follows from misuse of the models, that is, (1) the disregard of the real biological bearing of the population-size parameter in Gillespie’s model and (2) the confusion of the distinction between ordinary probability and Pearl’s causal (...)
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  17. Doreen Kimura, Sex and Cognition Reviewed By.Wendy Lynne Lee - 2003 - Philosophy in Review 23 (1):39-41.
  18.  35
    Does Giving Lead to Getting? Evidence From Chinese Private Enterprises.Jun Su & Jia He - 2010 - Journal of Business Ethics 93 (1):73-90.
    Enterprise philanthropy is practiced in a very unique and rudimentary form in China. Based on a unique random survey data on 3837 Chinese private enterprises conducted in 31 provinces of China in 2006, I find the significant positive relationship between enterprise philanthropy donation and enterprise profitability, and the result supports the political and institutional power view of enterprise philanthropy in the latest development of China. Simply put, Chinese private enterprises carried out philanthropy activities to better protect property rights and nurture (...)
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  19.  56
    Aristotle on Being as Activity: Aryeh Kosman: The Activity of Being: An Essay on Aristotle’s Ontology. Cambridge MA: Harvard University Press, 2013, 277pp, $45.00 HB.Jun Su & Vasilis Politis - 2015 - Metascience 24 (2):213-218.
    In this engaging book, Kosman offers a vigorous extended defence of a distinctive and highly ambitious claim, namely, that Aristotle’s account of potentiality/ability and actuality/activity in book Theta of the Metaphysics is an integral and central part of Aristotle’s account of what being is, which means that, for Kosman, Aristotle defends the thesis that being is, precisely, activity. In addition to the distinctive character of this claim, there are two notable suppositions behind it, which, likewise, Kosman defends. First, the Metaphysics (...)
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  20.  25
    Attentional Networks and Visuospatial Working Memory Capacity in Social Anxiety.Jun Moriya - 2018 - Cognition and Emotion 32 (1):158-166.
  21.  5
    Psychological Capital and Entrepreneurship Sustainability.Jun-Jun Tang - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  22. Doreen Kimura, Sex and Cognition. [REVIEW]Wendy Lee - 2003 - Philosophy in Review 23 (1):39-41.
  23.  36
    Moral Identity as Leverage Point in Teaching Business Ethics.Jun Gu & Cristina Neesham - 2014 - Journal of Business Ethics 124 (3):527-536.
    This paper examines whether appealing to learners’ moral identity makes a significant contribution to improving their ethical decision making beyond traditional, rule-based teaching. In response to criticisms leveled at rule-based ethics teaching by alternative approaches, we identify moral identity theory and experiments in moral psychology as useful sources to draw on for the creation of a new, identity-based ethics teaching approach. We develop and apply a set of regular self-reflection focused writing tasks added to the traditional teaching program over a (...)
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  24.  16
    The Economic Consequences of Labor Unionization: Evidence From Stock Price Crash Risk.Jun Chen, Jamie Y. Tong, Wenming Wang & Feida Zhang - 2019 - Journal of Business Ethics 157 (3):775-796.
    This study investigates the impact of labor unionization on stock price crash risk. We find that labor unionization is negatively associated with stock price crash risk. Such negative relation is more pronounced when firms can intimate more credible evidence on unfavorable prospects and when firms face more powerful labor unions. Our findings are consistent with the notion that firms take strategic actions to reduce the bargaining advantages enjoyed by labor unions and that labor unions force firms to take less risky (...)
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  25.  5
    Motoo Kimura.James F. Crow - 2007 - In Mohan Matthen & Christopher Stephens (eds.), Philosophy of Biology. Elsevier. pp. 101.
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  26.  32
    Kimura Bin on Schizophrenia.James Phillips - 2001 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 8 (4):343-346.
  27.  2
    Chūgoku Bukkyō Shisō Kenkyū.Senshō Kimura - 2009 - Hōzōkan.
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  28.  1
    Inochi No Baioeshikkusu: Kankyō, Kodomo, Seishi No Ketsudan.Rihito Kimura, Naoko Kakee & Naoto Kawahara (eds.) - 2008 - Koronasha.
    科学技術の発展とともに、バイオエシックスはいつも新しい課題に直面し、挑戦し続けている。このバイオエシックスの軌跡を「環境・自然」、「こどもの医療」、「生死の決断」等、私たちのいのちに関わる重要なテーマ に焦点をあてて検討、考察し、問題解決への提言を行った。.
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  29.  8
    Jun-Zi Orientation: Unique Aspects of Asian Business Practices.Vane-Ing Tian, Alan C. B. Tse & Samart Powpaka - forthcoming - Asian Journal of Business Ethics.
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  30.  33
    The Causal Homology Concept.Jun Otsuka - 2017 - Philosophy of Science 84 (5):1128-1139.
    I propose a new account of homology, according to which homology is a correspondence of developmental mechanisms due to common ancestry, formally defined as an isomorphism of causal graphs over lineages. The semiformal definition highlights the role of homology as a higher-order principle unifying evolutionary models and also provides definite meanings to concepts like constraints, evolvability, and novelty. The novel interpretation of homology suggests a broad perspective that accommodates evolutionary developmental biology and traditional population genetics as distinct but complementary approaches (...)
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  31.  14
    Attentional Networks and Visuospatial Working Memory Capacity in Social Anxiety.Jun Moriya - 2016 - Cognition and Emotion:1-9.
    Social anxiety is associated with attentional bias and working memory for emotional stimuli; however, the ways in which social anxiety affects cognitive functions involving non-emotional stimuli remains unclear. The present study focused on the role of attentional networks and visuospatial working memory capacity for non-emotional stimuli in the context of social anxiety. One hundred and seventeen undergraduates completed questionnaires on social anxiety. They then performed an attentional network test and a change detection task to measure visuospatial WMC. Orienting network and (...)
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  32.  12
    Dysfunction of Attentional Networks for Non-Emotional Processing in Negative Affect.Jun Moriya & Yoshihiko Tanno - 2009 - Cognition and Emotion 23 (6):1090-1105.
  33. On Kimura's Ecrits de psychopathologie phenomenologique.John Cutting - 2001 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 8 (4):337-338.
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  34.  15
    Psychological Distance Can Improve Decision Making Under Information Overload Via Gist Memory.Jun Fukukura, Melissa J. Ferguson & Kentaro Fujita - 2013 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 142 (3):658-665.
  35.  11
    The Roles of Mathematics in Evolutionary Theory.Jun Otsuka - 2019 - Cambridge University Press.
    The central role of mathematical modeling in modern evolutionary theory has raised a concern as to why and how abstract formulae can say anything about empirical phenomena of evolution. This Element introduces existing philosophical approaches to this problem and proposes a new account according to which evolutionary models are based on causal, and not just mathematical, assumptions. The novel account features causal models both as the Humean 'uniform nature' underlying evolutionary induction and as the organizing framework that integrates mathematical and (...)
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  36.  4
    How Does Work Motivation Impact Employees’ Investment at Work and Their Job Engagement? A Moderated-Moderation Perspective Through an International Lens.Or Shkoler & Takuma Kimura - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  37.  26
    The Impact of Adjacent-Dependencies and Staged-Input on the Learnability of Center-Embedded Hierarchical Structures.Jun Lai & Fenna H. Poletiek - 2011 - Cognition 118 (2):265-273.
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  38.  15
    Corporate Philanthropy and Tunneling: Evidence From China.Jun Chen, Wang Dong, Jamie Tong & Feida Zhang - 2018 - Journal of Business Ethics 150 (1):135-157.
    This paper examines the association between corporate philanthropy and tunneling by controlling shareholders. Using a unique dataset from China, the paper finds evidence that firms donating more are less likely to tunnel. The negative association between philanthropy and tunneling is stronger when firms are faced with more severe agency conflicts, as indicated by lower largest shareholding, fewer growth opportunities, lower state ownership, and weaker product market competition. The results suggest that companies engaging in philanthropy have incentives to enhance their reputations (...)
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  39.  18
    Chronic Post-Concussion Neurocognitive Deficits. II. Relationship with Persistent Symptoms.Jun Maruta, Lisa A. Spielman, Brett B. Yarusi, Yushi Wang, Jonathan M. Silver & Jamshid Ghajar - 2016 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 10.
  40.  16
    Attentional Resources in Social Anxiety and the Effects of Perceptual Load.Jun Moriya & Yoshihiko Tanno - 2010 - Cognition and Emotion 24 (8):1329-1348.
  41.  13
    Chronic Post-Concussion Neurocognitive Deficits. I. Relationship with White Matter Integrity.Jun Maruta, Eva M. Palacios, Robert D. Zimmerman, Jamshid Ghajar & Pratik Mukherjee - 2016 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 10.
  42.  12
    A PI-Type Sliding Mode Controller Design for PMSG-Based Wind Turbine.Jun Liu, Feihang Zhou, Chencong Zhao & Zhuoran Wang - 2019 - Complexity 2019:1-12.
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  43.  7
    The Influence of Working Memory on the Anger Superiority Effect.Jun Moriya, Ernst H. W. Koster & Rudi De Raedt - 2014 - Cognition and Emotion 28 (8):1449-1464.
  44.  2
    The Toleration and Creativity in Locke's Thought.Xun Wen-jun - 2004 - Modern Philosophy 2:013.
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  45.  32
    Quality of Care for Diabetes Patients Using National Health Insurance Claims Data in Japan.Jun Tomio, Satoshi Toyokawa, Shinichi Tanihara, Kazuo Inoue & Yasuki Kobayashi - 2010 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 16 (6):1164-1169.
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  46.  15
    Ontology, Causality, and Methodology of Evolutionary Research Programs.Jun Otsuka - 2019 - In Evolutionary Causation: Biological and Philosophical Reflections. pp. 247-264.
    Scientific conflicts often stem from differences in the conceptual framework through which scientists view and understand their own field. In this chapter, I analyze the ontological and methodological assumptions of three traditions in evolutionary biology, namely, Ernst Mayr’s population thinking, the gene-centered view of the Modern Syn thesis, and the Extended Evolutionary Synthesis. Each of these frameworks presupposes a different account of "evolutionary causes," and this discrepancy prevents mutual understanding and objective evaluation in the recent contention surrounding the EES. From (...)
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  47.  21
    Trust and Stock Price Synchronicity: Evidence from China.Baoyin Qiu, Junli Yu & Kuo Zhang - 2020 - Journal of Business Ethics 167 (1):97-109.
    This paper investigates how social trust affects stock price synchronicity using a large sample of listed firms in China. We propose and provide evidence that social trust has a significantly positive impact on the amount of firm-specific information capitalized into stock prices. Further analyses indicate that firms located in regions of high social trust tend to have a smaller stock price crash risk and are less likely to engage in opportunistic behaviors than those in low-trust regions. Moreover, the positive role (...)
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  48.  14
    Online Social Networks for Crowdsourced Multimedia-Involved Behavioral Testing: An Empirical Study.Jun-Ho Choi & Jong-Seok Lee - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  49. Extrapolation-Directed Crossover Considering Sampling Bias in Real-Coded Genetic Algorithm実数値GAにおけるサンプリングバイアスを考慮した外挿的交叉EDX.Jun Sakuma & Shigenobu Kobayashi - 2002 - Transactions of the Japanese Society for Artificial Intelligence 17:699-707.
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  50.  16
    Simulating Intraurban Land Use Dynamics Under Multiple Scenarios Based on Fuzzy Cellular Automata: A Case Study of Jinzhou District, Dalian.Jun Yang, Weiling Liu, Yonghua Li, Xueming Li & Quansheng Ge - 2018 - Complexity 2018:1-17.
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